General information

Rules and features of planting raspberries in the spring


In the spring, all gardeners and gardeners are concerned about the improvement of their land. Since the onset of warm days, you can plant shrubs and young trees, including raspberries. Most often, planting raspberries in the spring does not cause great difficulties, but failure to comply with certain rules can lead to a further decrease in the yield of this crop.

Information about how and when to properly plant raspberries in the spring can be found later in this article.

When to plant raspberries in spring?

Planted raspberries need early spring, even before the trees bud buds. Taking into account the climate conditions in the central regions of our country, this can be done in the period from April to May. It must be said that often beginning gardeners do not know exactly when it is necessary to plant raspberries in the spring, delaying a given time before the arrival of summer. In this case, young bushes especially require increased soil moisture, and hot weather conditions can destroy planting stock. It is for this reason that you need to think about choosing a place, preparing material for planting and preparing the ground right after the snow melted.

Choosing a place to grow raspberries

Raspberries, like most other garden crops, quite demanding of sunlight. During a lack of lighting, the shoots of plants are very strongly drawn out, become not so protected from severe frosts in winter and insect pests. The yield of these landings is very low.

Important: The most demanding of sunlight is remontnaya raspberry, with the usual varieties can be planted in partial shade, along the walls of rooms and fences. When planting, rows of plants are best located from south to north.

During the selection of a place for planting raspberries, it is also necessary to take into account the movement of the winds, as drafts negatively affect in general the growth of the crop and the amount of fruiting. Also, it is not advised to plant this plant in wetlands and lowlands. High humidity of the earth slows down the development of raspberries and makes the berries devoid of taste and small distinctive qualities for the variety.

Soil preparation

During the cultivation of raspberries land is important. The acidity of the soil must be neutral or low. Also, these bushes prefer well-drained land: light sandy, sandstone and loam. The good fertility of the land makes it possible to increase the yield of plants.

Experienced gardeners produce bad and good predecessors for raspberries. Thus, planting bushes is undesirable in the place where potatoes or tomatoes were previously grown.

Recommendation: The best predecessors for raspberries are zucchini, cucumbers, legumes.

Prepare a plot of land for spring planting raspberries needed in the fall. For what it is necessary to remove the foliage, all the remnants of past vegetation, since they can conceal in themselves the pathogenic microorganisms of different larvae of pests and diseases. It is necessary to add complex and organic mineral fertilizers to the ground, then dig up the soil. In the spring to accelerate the melting of snow and warming up the ground, you can throw a lot of mulch and cover the ground with black polyethylene.

While complying with all the rules for preparing the soil and choosing a place, planted raspberries in the spring will quickly strengthen and the first crop of berries will give the same year.

Purchase of seedlings

Picking up a place for cultivation, and making the preparation of the land, you need to think on the choice of planting materials. So, when buying seedlings at a fair or a market, attention should be paid to the thickness of the shoots, which should not be thick, medium (not more than a centimeter). And best of all acclimatized to new conditions of a plant with a thin stem. The root system of raspberries must be fibrous and well developed. For the root system, white shoots are the norm. Near the base of a raspberry seedling must be at least three buds.

It is desirable to buy seedlings with a closed root system, otherwise the roots of the bushes must be tightly wrapped in a damp cloth. When transporting the roots of the plant must be wrapped additionally in a plastic bag.

Attention: Unacceptable prolonged exposure to air of raspberry roots, without protective materials.

Landing options

The answer to the question of how to plant properly raspberries in the spring is rather ambiguous, since there are two different ways of planting seedlings. Thus, raspberry can be planted in pits (bush planting) or in trenches. These methods have different techniques and consist of specific sequences of actions. The effects after these plantings are also different, because the choice of how to plant raspberries in the spring will depend only on the gardener.

Bush planting method

Shrub is called a methodwhen raspberry seedlings are planted in pits. This method is most often used by gardeners. Its main advantage is that autumn soil preparation is not mandatory. You can add bait to the ground in early spring directly when planting seedlings.

For the implementation of planting raspberry seedlings bush method, you must follow the following step-by-step instructions:

  • For planting raspberries need to dig holes with a width of at least 55-65 cm and a depth of 45 cm.
  • At the bottom of the pit it is necessary to lay the compost in the amount of 4-5 kg. In addition to organic matter, it is also required to add mineral complex fertilizer, which contains phosphorus, nitrogen and potassium, to the soil under the root. During application, fertilizer must be mixed with the ground.
  • The seedling, setting in the hole, you need to center. It is not necessary to deeply deepen the bush, but the surface planting of the seedling is undesirable, since in this case the roots of the plant dry up. When filling the pit with earth, it is necessary to raise the seedling slightly several times so that the earth fills the space between the root system.
  • After filling the pit, the soil needs to be slightly compacted and a hole must be dug to accumulate water.
  • The plant needs to be watered abundantly under the root, then the ground should be mulched with steamed sawdust, peat or straw.
  • Seedlings should be pruned, so that cuttings of 17-22 cm in size remain above ground level.
  • During the landing of the raspberry bush method, the radical neck of the seedling must be located at ground level.

During planting seedlings in the pit easy to produce subsequent watering, processing of raspberries, as well as harvesting. It should be noted that it will be possible to feast on raspberry berries in the same season when it was planted.

Planting raspberries in trenches

Planting raspberries in a trench is an alternative to the bush method. This method is not so popular among summer residents and gardeners, however, it is indispensable for the industrial cultivation of raspberries. Planting plants in trenches can significantly increase crop yields, but there are much more troubles with this planting, unlike the bush method.

Step-by-step instructions on how to plant raspberries in trenchesdescribed below:

  • Before planting a raspberry, it is necessary to clear the chosen place of the earth from foliage, grass, litter, and after to dig trenches of the required length. The trench width should be approximately 55-65 cm, and a depth of approximately 45-50 cm. Between adjacent two trenches it is necessary to observe inter-row widths of at least 130 cm.
  • In the case when plants are planted in areas with a high level of humidity, before planting a bush, it is necessary to provide for drainage. Thus, at the bottom of the trench, you can lay out thick branches of trees, expanded clay, broken brick. On dry soils, this layer can not be done.
  • A nutrient layer should be laid on top of the drainage layer or on the bottom of the trench, at least 15 centimeters thick. For what you can use rotted manure, peat, foliage, mowed grass and other components that can later become organic nutrient fertilizer. During decay, this organic matter will begin to warm up the root system of plants and nourish the raspberries with useful trace elements. This nutrient layer “works” for 4-6 years, then the process of decay will be completed. At this time, all raspberry bushes will need to be transplanted to a new site for growth.
  • On top of the nutrient layer with organic fertilizers, it is necessary to cover a layer of fertile soil (garden soil or peat). The thickness of this layer must be at least 15 centimeters.
  • Seedlings in the trench must be placed with a distance of 45 cm from each other. The root system of the bushes must be carefully leveled, watered and sprinkled with earth. Topsoil should be compacted. It should be noted that it is best to plant raspberries together, when one holds up a bush and the other handles planting.
  • After planting, seedlings must be cut, leaving a cutting of 17-22 cm above the ground level.
  • Under the cut raspberry seedlings the ground must be mulched.

Using this instruction for planting raspberry seedlings in a trench, you can get a high-yielding raspberry plantation in time. Since the growth of the shrub is obliged to pass along a given trajectory very quickly. In the case when the growth does not pass on its own, it is possible to force the raspberries to grow shoots. For what on the one hand undermining shrubs, disturbing his calm.

Summing up

Raspberries are a fairly simple berry crop in terms of cultivation. However, for novice gardeners who do not always know certain nuances, the cultivation of raspberry bushes can turn into a disaster. So, it often happens that after the spring disembarkation some plants do not survive. Small losses are real and acceptable. There is nothing scary here. But when losses accounted for the main percentage, this indicates that the gardener made a mistake somewhere.

At the end of the first season you need to make a revision raspberry. All the bushes that have withered weakly sprouted or dried must be removed, and in their place to plant new seedlings. During small sizes raspberry can be moored in the summer. What is best suited young growth.

In order to achieve the best survival rate at the new growing place of young plants, novice gardeners are obliged to adhere to the following recommendations and rules:

  • for a more abundant and high-quality harvest in the first season it can be abandoned. So in the next season, the shoots will give abundant fruiting and will develop stronger,
  • certainly fertilize. Moreover, it is necessary to feed not only during the planting of seedlings, but throughout the year. Moreover, it must be done in the first season. Also, fertilizers play an important role if the land in its characteristics is not quite suitable for raspberries,
  • observance of landing time. When spring planting is done, the best time to complete it is the beginning of May or mid-April. And the buds on the trees should not bloom. Although the planting time may differ slightly due to the variety,
  • must be abundant watering raspberries. But at the same time, it should not lead to stagnation of water in the ground, since this will negatively affect the state of the roots. Especially correct watering is important during fruiting and flowering. Tastes of berries and their sizes will depend directly on its quality.
  • After irrigation, the land must be mulched. With it, you can achieve a longer stay of moisture in the ground.

So, every gardener has the right to choose the methods of growing raspberries, but you should not forget that planting seedlings in a trench will be able to provide a good level of productivity and will enable the raspberry to multiply independently in the necessary direction, forming a neat ridge. In general, during the cultivation of raspberries, it is necessary to remember about abundant watering and regular feeding, because only in favorable conditions this crop can please its owner with a tasty and abundant harvest of useful berries.

Before planting raspberries on sandy or sandy soil, you will need to take care of additional watering and application of organic fertilizers: partly rotten manure or humus, at the rate of 6-8 kg per square meter of land. In addition to organics, you can use potash fertilizers (up to 40 g per square meter) or 50-60 g of superphosphate for the same area of ​​land.

Bush method

The first option is called bush. Raspberry is formed from individual bushes, numbering up to ten stems in each. The distance between the bushes should be about one meter, and the space between the rows should be at least one and a half meters.

Planting raspberry bush method

Belt landing

The most famous way among gardeners. As their name implies, the planting looks like a continuous band of young stems. Plants in such a tape should be 30-60 cm apart. Between the rows in a raspberry jam, a minimum distance of 2 meters should be observed, otherwise the plants will not have enough space and nutrients absorbed from the ground.

Using a tape method, raspberries should be planted on a site where special trellis to support are installed in advance. For their arrangement, on both sides of the future strip of seedlings, poles are dug in or driven in, between which wire or plastic twine is pulled up to a meter high. Since raspberry stalks do not exert significant pressure on such a support, only by relying on it, the columns can be positioned at a distance of up to 7 meters.

Planting raspberry remontant varieties

Repair raspberry varieties have long been popular with gardeners. Its advantage lies in the possibility of fruiting on annual shoots - in late August and until mid-September. At the end of the season, the above-ground part of the plant stem is mown, which means that they are much less exposed to diseases and attacks of pests that winter on the shoots.

When and how to plant raspberries in spring

Planting raspberries should be:

  • in the southern regions - in the second half of March,
  • in central Russia in early spring (late March),
  • in Siberia and regions with a harsh climate and late frosts, the dates can be shifted to mid-summer.

There are no special differences in the planting technique between seedlings of ordinary and remontant raspberries, the main thing is to choose a site at a distance (0.5-1 meter) from buildings and facilities, where it will be convenient to cut shoots to the ground in autumn.

For remontant varieties, drained medium loams are best suited, which before planting should be well loosened, watered and fed with humus or peat. The recommended distance between the seedlings in the area is approximately 30 cm, but you can increase the distance between the holes to 60-70 cm, and plant two plants each for density and strength of the bush (recommended in windy and unprotected areas).

Supports for planting raspberries

Repair raspberry is famous for its good yield. A large number of lateral shoots appear on the main stems. So that they do not break under the weight of the berries, you need to take care of support and garter branches.

The tapestry is organized according to the same principle as for a raspberry with ordinary varieties - columns are placed at the ends of the rows, and a rope or wire is pulled at the meter height. For the first year of growth such a support will be quite enough, in the next season another 2 rows of twine are tied to the pillars: 30 meters and a half meter high from the ground. To tie up the main stems, or adventitious shoots with a variety of ovaries, if necessary, should only be a cloth, otherwise they can break a strong wind.

Supports for raspberry bushes

Knowing how to plant raspberries in the spring, you can grow healthy plants and get a decent harvest of berries in the future. Follow the recommendations and terms of planting, properly prepare the soil and supports for the garter and care for raspberries not cause any problems.

Adding an article to a new collection

Planting raspberry bushes is not as difficult as it seems at first glance. If done correctly, the plants will quickly take root, will grow well and give a rich harvest.

Raspberries - quite unpretentious culture, the berries of which have a delicate taste and antipyretic properties. Thick raspberries will look beautiful on any site. So he grew well and fruited, raspberries planted in spring or autumn.

Planting a repair raspberry in spring has the following advantages over autumn:

  • seedlings will grow stronger, take root well, thanks to the warm weather,
  • will grow a lot of new fruiting shoots.

In spring, you can also plant ordinary and large-fruited raspberry species.

How to save seedlings before planting

Often, novice gardeners have a question: bought raspberry seedlings, how to save selected plants before planting? It depends on how they were packed. Best of all, if the seedlings were sold in a container. It is easier to take care of them, and after planting the plants will take root faster and experience less stress.

Use fresh material for planting, not previously dug up or transplanted. Otherwise raspberries will grow longer and produce less fruit. Выбирайте не слишком крупные растения с хорошо развитыми корнями.

Хотите узнать, как сохранить купленную малину до посадки, если она упакована в полиэтилен? Сначала уберите упаковку, затем оберните саженцы мокрой тканью и прикопайте в грунт. Сохранить саженцы также поможет почвенная болтушка. To do this, pour in a bucket up to half of the fertile land and add water. In the resulting mixture dipped roots before planting.

Before planting, carefully inspect the roots and remove all rotten and dried parts.

How to determine the timing of planting raspberries

Planting raspberries in the spring in the open ground should be made before the start of sap flow - in April-May. The exact date depends on the weather conditions. You can consult with the lunar calendar, which will indicate the favorable time for planting seedlings.

If the weather in May is too dry, it is better to postpone landing until autumn. Otherwise, without regular watering the plant will die.

How to choose a raspberry landing site

Raspberries love fertile, well-moistened soils. The place should be bright, but without the sun. Most often, raspberries are planted near fences or buildings to ensure its stability. Too high and low places should be avoided so that plants do not suffer from drought or excess moisture.

Raspberry grows well on light loam with low acidity.

After you have found a good place for raspberries, you need to think about how far to plant the seedlings. The most popular two methods of planting: bush and tape.

Bush planting raspberry

When planting the bush method raspberry consists of 6-12 developed stems, which form a bush. Seedlings form around the support. The distance between the bushes is 50-70 cm, between the rows - 1.5-1.8 m. Depending on the variety, the distance may be slightly more or less.

Pits are prepared 2-3 weeks before planting. To get the raspberry root, add 1 bucket of well-rotted humus to each excavated hole, mix it thoroughly with the soil, and then add another layer of earth. Between the roots and fertilizer should be at least 5 cm of clean soil. To help - planting a raspberry.

Humus often attracts the bear and the larvae of the May beetle, so you can replace the fertilizer with a ready-made nutritious soil.

Planting Black Raspberry

Unusual black raspberries are often confused with blackberries. But they have an important difference: the first berries are easier to remove from the stem. Birds are less concerned with thickets of black raspberry, and to taste it is no less sweet than its red "sister."

Plant stems can reach a length of up to 3 m, so when planting between bushes you need to leave at least 0.5 m, and between rows - 2 m. It is advisable not to plant the plant in the place where usual raspberries used to grow, as well as tomatoes and potatoes . Unsuccessful neighbor will be a blackberry. Plants may pereopilyatsya among themselves, which is bad for the harvest. Therefore, it is better to keep these cultures at a distance.

Black raspberries are planted only in early spring, because it does not differ frost resistance.

The better to mulch the raspberries after planting

Mulch helps to retain moisture in the soil, protects the root system. It is useful to carry out the mulching of raspberries with sawdust, chopped with straw or peat up to 7 cm thick.

After planting raspberries need to pruning, if it was not done by the seller. Shoots pruned to a height of 30 cm to accelerate the growth of raspberries and increase fruiting.

We hope you understand the nuances of planting raspberries, chose good seedlings and decided on a place for the future raspberries. To grow healthy plants, do not forget to regularly feed and weed weeds. Follow the rules described above, and you will manage to grow a large and sweet berry!