Konik spruce (glauka) is a small coniferous tree that is only gaining popularity among Russian gardeners. The tree organically looks both on modern stylish platforms, and in simple traditional front gardens. Today you will learn about the features of this plant, how to plant it on your site and provide competent care.
Description of coniferous plants
An interesting dwarf herringbone was discovered in Canada at the beginning of the last century. After a series of studies, scientists came to the conclusion that this tree came from the fact that Picea glauca (Canadian Blue-Tinted Spruce) was mutated. In appearance Canadian spruce conica looks like this:
- the crown is cone-shaped, very dense and fluffy,
- needles up to 1 cm in length of a light green shade densely cover the branches,
- in the lower (widest) tier, the crown diameter averages 80 cm.,
- roots are not long, located close to the surface.
The growth of the conic is very slow, the young “individuals” add about 6–8 cm per year. At the age of 10–12 years the height of the seedling is about 1 meter. After this peak, the growth rate is noticeably reduced, and each year the height is increased by only 2-3 cm. The Christmas tree can live for about 300-500 years.
Buying a seedling in a pot
Current trends dictate the fashion for the preservation of natural green space, so to decorate the room for the New Year, you can buy a conik spruce in a pot. In order not to spoil the holiday, you should follow some rules.
- Setting the conic as a New Year tree, you should find a place that will be removed from all active heat sources.
- The tree only occasionally needs to be turned to the light.
- If the room where the Canadian guest is standing is heated, it is necessary to spray the crown from time to time.
- Wood requires increased air humidity, so it is better to install a pot of water near it.
- At the end of the holidays, be sure to remove the spruce to the balcony or loggia, since in winter this plant requires a temperature of no more than +10 degrees, and at home it is extremely difficult to achieve. Cover the top of the crown with sacking to create the optimum moisture regime for the tree. Wrap the pot with insulation to avoid soil freezing.
- Dwarf Canadian gray conic spruce at home can grow for the first 3-4 years, so that it can finally get stronger. After that, the tree is ready to transplant into the open ground area.
Planting seedlings on the site
The spruce of a conic glauka, like all members of its genus, cannot tolerate drying out of the roots, so when buying, pay attention to the seedlings that are sold in a container with moist soil. Planting of conic spruce is the most crucial moment on which the further growth and development of the tree depends. When planting should follow the following rules:
- Landing a horse in the garden should be carried out on an overcast day in late spring.
- Pick a sunny place without drafts. In the shade, the correct form of the crown may be distorted, and the tree will not be so attractive.
- Hole for planting need to prepare in advance. The bottom should always be covered with a layer of broken brick or rubble.
- A mixture of soil is also worth preparing in advance. For this purpose, a mixture of sand, garden soil, humus and peat in proportions 1/2/1/1. It will not be superfluous to add some mineral fertilizers, for example: Zircon, Appin.
The landing process looks like this:
- In the hole on top of the drainage, the soil is poured in such an amount that the soil from the container fits. Well watered.
- The plant is gently removed from the container, and immersed in the prepared hole.
- The barrel is well aligned on all sides.
- Free space is filled with prepared soil mixture.
- The pitted hole is well watered, it will take about 10 liters of water.
- In the end, a small hole is created near the trunk for further irrigation, and the trunk itself is covered with a 5 cm layer of mulch (pebbles, gravel and other covering materials).
- It is better to cover the tree for the first time, so that the unaccustomed needles are not burned in the sun.
Decorative spruce care
If you are interested in how to care for conic spruce, then care can be characterized as minimal. Home-made conic does not require trimming, replanting or additional maintenance of the crown. Despite the unpretentiousness, minor correct care will additionally ensure the safety of the beauty of the conica tree.
- Not very hot and dry summers provide moisture due to precipitation of a natural nature.
- On hot days, water the plant regularly (as the top layer dries), while sprinkling the crown.
- The first two months need weekly watering. If a crust forms on top of the ground, be sure to loosen the top layer.
Attention! The tree roots are located close to the surface of the earth. Therefore, it is difficult for a plant to tolerate soil compaction or trampling on a plot of 1 m in diameter around a crown.
- Сonica is resistant to frost, but, nevertheless, the first couple of years should be well mulch for the winter Zemku near the trunk.
Important! Even in spite of the fact that the tree can be grown in open ground, in the spring it can get significant sunburn. Manifestations of burned pine needles are manifested. Professional gardeners recommend wrapping the spring crown with material so that it disperses the sun's rays and does not interfere with the passage of air.
Where is it better to plant a Christmas tree?
A decorative conic fir tree in the open field looks most advantageous on the most prominent areas:
- near the arbor,
- at the entrance to the house
- At the playground.
The dwarf guest looks great, both in single compositions and in group plantings in combination with coniferous trees of other species. Particularly interesting are the trees in the offseason, when there is a green lawn at the foot, creeping zivuchki or contrast antennaria.
The plant looks beautiful when new shoots appear, as the tree turns into a bright green cone of fabulous beauty. In the latitudes of Russia this period falls in May.
The most common Canadian spruce diseases
Decorative conic spruce can be affected by various infections, and only the timely detection of sores and their immediate treatment can save it.
- Rust-like sprouts begin to show orangish growths, and the needles quickly turn yellow and sprinkle. The photo shows how a tree can suffer. As a treatment, the treatment of the crown with special preparations such as Vectra and Glyocladin during a month with a frequency of once a week is suitable.
- Schutte's disease is caused by a fungus. The needles darken, then covered with a whitish bloom and fall off. Initially, it is possible to save the tree by spraying a solution of copper sulfate, then by treating with Trichodermine and Alirin-B, and in neglected situations it remains only to dig up and burn the sapling.
How much is a tree?
The price of an ornamental tree depends on its size and age.
- 3-year-old sapling 13-18 cm in height costs about 200 rubles,
- you can buy a 6-year-old plant 65-75 cm in height for 1500 rubles,
- the cost of a 13-year-old mature sapling 155 cm in height is about 6000 rubles.
Tree Growing Reviews
Reviews about the features of dwarf spruce growing are mostly positive.
- Elena: I studied the description and features of tree care, I decided to try. As soon as the New Year passed, they immediately carried the Christmas tree to the balcony, since at home conica began to wither and ache. On the balcony, she quickly came to life. Now we protect only from severe frosts.
- Evgenia: I have long wanted an exotic indoor flower. Gave a horseman. I thought that you can grow it in a room on a permanent basis, but nothing happened. In winter, the plant needs low temperatures, but I do not have a balcony. Could not save, it was lost in the room.
- Irina: In the spring, conica got sunburns, because I planted an immature plant early in the ground. Barely saved, I had to eliminate the damaged branches. Now the sores are healed, there are hints of new needles.
The dwarf growth of the mutated Christmas tree turned a special dignity for the Canadian guest. Such an ornamental plant will decorate each plot, and ease of care will make it available for cultivation for everyone. If you have tips or recommendations for newbies, be sure to share them in the comments.
Konik spruce: description, planting, care, garden space and photo
Due to the correct appearance of the crown and neutral green color, the conifer tend to blend harmoniously into any landscape.
For example, the conic spruce looks great in simple traditional front gardens and in the fancy modern-fashioned styles of the modern garden. How to put her on the site, how to ensure proper care, you can learn from the article.
Here are the relevant photos, a description of the conifer, as well as information about the height of an adult tree.
The history and description of the plant, its maximum height
At the beginning of the last century an interesting dwarf spruce was discovered in Canada. After some research, scientists have concluded that this plant appeared due to the natural mutation of Canadian spruce (Picea glauca).
Konik spruce looks like this:
- The crown of the tree is very dense, has the shape of a cone.
- Light green needles (up to 1 cm in length) densely cover the branches.
- The average diameter of the crown at the bottom of the plant is 80 cm.
- The roots are not long, are located closer to the surface.
The conic grows very slowly. Young trees add 6-8 cm per year. By 10-12 years the height of the plant reaches about 1 m. After that, the growth rate slows down and only 2-3 cm increases over the year.
At home, in Canada, the maximum height of a conic reaches 3–4 m. In Russian latitudes, this figure is even less — 1.5–2 m. Such a small increase is due to a decrease in the distance between interstices, combined with an increase in branching. This circumstance "flattened" the tree from top to bottom.
The progenitor of a conic, Spruce Canadian, has the same number of internodes and branches, but its height due to the greater distance between them is 25-35 m. Thanks to the beautiful conical crown, this tree is used in the USA as the main decoration for Christmas in the most significant places of the country .
Purchase of seedlings and planting it on the site
A conik spruce, like all its relatives, does not tolerate even the slightest drying of the roots. Therefore, you need to purchase a small tree in a container where a clod of earth is constantly moistened.
Council Buying conic seedlings is best in proven garden centers. Buying spruce in the market from an unknown seller, you can lose time and money.
Landing is considered a very crucial moment. The further growth and development of the tree completely depends on this manipulation. When planting, it is desirable to adhere to the following rules:
- It is necessary to disembark a conic in the garden either at the end of April or at the end of August. Just at this time, the roots of the plant grow intensively, which contributes to a good survival rate.
- Place to pick the sun. In the shade, the correct crown of a plant may change, and the spruce will become less decorative.
- Given the small size of the horse, it can be safely planted near the house.
- Landing pit should be prepared in advance. The bottom must be covered with a layer of rubble or broken bricks.
- It is also advisable to prepare the soil mixture in advance. For spruce suitable composition of garden land, sand, peat and humus (2: 1: 1: 1, respectively). From mineral fertilizers, you can add nitroammofosku.
Directly landing itself should be done as follows:
- Above the drainage layer, soil is poured in such a way that a clod of earth from the container fits into the pit. Well watered.
- Carefully remove the plant from the container and immerse it in the pit.
Attention! Do not allow the destruction of earthen coma during landing. If this happens, then within the next 15-20 minutes you need to fill the roots with moist soil and gently ram the ground.
- The trunk of the plant is aligned on all sides.
- Free space is filled with soil mixture.
- Well watered landing. It requires at least 10 liters of water.
- In the end, near the stem create a shallow hole for further irrigation and cover it with a 5 cm layer of mulch.
Dwarf Spruce Care
Care for conic can be called minimal. It does not require pruning and any other maintenance of the crown. The fertilizer that was planted during planting is enough for her for several years. If the summer is not hot and not very dry, the plant is supplied with moisture due to natural precipitation.
Ways to use spruce conic in landscape design:
- This decorative fir will look great as a small hedge. Due to its correct crown, it does not need to care for.
- Konik can be planted in various garden compositions such as rock gardens or rockeries.
- It will serve as an excellent background for flowering plants.
- Spruce conic can be planted in pots and containers. At the same time in the cold season, they can easily be taken into the room. The advantage of such cultivation is the ability to use such a tree for the New Year and Christmas.
Photo of a conic spruce in landscape design
All the features of using Canadian conic spruce in garden design can be viewed in the following photos.
Konik spruce in garden composition
Conik spruce as a low hedge
Spruce conic can be planted along the walls of the house, on both sides of windows or doors.
Excellent Canadian Konica Spruce Looks Pots
Konik spruce is one of the most beloved evergreen conifers, which is great for landscaping the site. Thanks to its compact growth and beautiful crown, it will become a real decoration and will be able to please you with a bright color of pine needles throughout the year.
Spruce Canadian Konik landing and care in the open field
If the gardener dreams of decorating his own live Christmas tree every New Year, then planting a conic will be a great solution.
A low cone-shaped tree goes well with various types of flowers and shrubs. Landscape designers planted the plant singly, as well as in small painting groups.
The combination of Canadian firs of conic and ekhinformis in sunny glades is considered a classic.
As noted earlier, Canadian Spruce Conica, planting and care for which are simple and affordable, is quite popular among domestic gardeners. The tree is well adapted to various conditions, but still to achieve the most positive result you should take into account a few tips.
First, transplantation can be carried out throughout the vegetative period. In the autumn-spring period, it is better to exercise it with open roots. In the summer it is advisable to choose the opposite way. Secondly, note that the pit must exceed the size of the root. This will help to better transfer the transplant and avoid various diseases.
Choosing a place, it is better to give preference to a well-lit area. Although in the first months after transplantation you need to protect the tree from the direct rays of the sun.
Spruce Canadian Konica not too much abundance of moisture, so it is desirable that the soil is well drained.
Growing in a pot
To settle such a baby in a pot is quite simple. Knowing a few simple rules, anyone can handle it. Planting Canadian spruce Konica possible from a seedling bought in the store, or seeds. The most important thing is to follow the root process. It should be well covered with earth to avoid drying.
It is advisable to cover the bottom of the pot with sand, expanded clay or gravel to create artificial drainage.
Otherwise, when grown in a container, the rules described above should be taken into account. Cut the crown can be in the case of dry twigs.
Application in design
With your own taste and creative spirit, you can create amazing things with the help of decorative fir. If you do not consider yourself particularly creative, just look at examples from other gardeners.
Spruce Canadian Konica in landscape design can be used quite widely: the decoration of the terrace, the creation of a "green" roof, the design of gardens and adjoining plots.
A very interesting option - modeling a miniature forest. To achieve a more spectacular spectacle, decorative birch species and dwarf flowers can be combined with spruce.
Some use trees to create a hedge, which has an attractive appearance when the trees are still small and when they have reached their maximum size.
Content in the room
Due to its small size, the plant can be kept in a residential area. It is most welcome to the New Year. Dressing "inch", you surprise the guests and diversify your holiday.
The decoration of every home can be spruce Canadian Konica. Description of the tree speaks of its correct conical shape and persistent character. The only thing to avoid is too dry air and direct rays.
The optimal place for keeping indoors is a veranda, balcony or loggia, protected from wind and moisture by the windows.
Когда корневая система полностью заполнит горшок, ель нужно пересадить в более просторный контейнер.
Соблюдая несложные правила ухода и пересадки, вы получите превосходное вечнозеленое растение в своем доме или саду.
Что такое канадская ель коника
This tree is a decorative form of Canadian spruce, which can be differently referred to as “conic gray fir”, “conic fir tree”, “white conic fir tree”. All these names characterize the appearance of the tree with needles, which is characterized by a gray shade. This botanical evergreen ornamental plant belongs to the genus Spruce of the Pine family.
Spruce Canadian Konik is a miniature copy of gray-fir and is great for creating a landscape design site. The first mention of it was recorded in 1904, when this type of evergreen was found in the mountains of Canada. Then the conic quickly spread to many countries of the world. This is due to the decorativeness of such a Christmas tree, which can be entered in any suburban area. Today, it is represented by several varieties of mutants, which include: Dwarf, Alberta Globe, Laurin and Elegance Compact.
Konika belongs to the category of coniferous evergreen trees. Its decorative value is not only the correct form of the crown, but also a relatively small height, due to which it is widely used to decorate gardens and house plots. Detailed description:
- The height of the conic reaches 1 m, which is considered ideal for home cultivation. Under favorable conditions, it reaches 3 m. The diameter of the tree does not exceed 2 m.
- Decorative spruce grows at a slow pace. During the first 10 years of life, its growth is only 6–10 cm per year, after which it decreases to 1.3–3 cm.
- The tree is considered a long-liver. At one place it grows about 300–500 years.
- The decorative variety of Canadian gray gray spruce has a regular crown shape, which is similar in appearance to a narrow cone. Its peculiarity lies in the fact that the crown practically does not need to be cared for - it takes its form in a natural way.
- The root system ate superficially, so when loosening the soil around it, you must be extremely careful.
- Cones on a tree are formed very rarely. They have an oblong conical shape, and their length reaches 6 cm.
- Konika has a very dense crown with a short needle-like needles of a bluish-green shade, the length of which is about 1 cm. Needles do not prick, therefore the tree is absolutely safe.
For reproduction of decorative evergreen trees can be used in two ways. In any case, the reproduction of decorative spruce is a long and laborious task. Ways:
This method of propagation of the decorative Christmas tree is used extremely rarely. It is considered unreliable, because A tree grown by this method can lose almost all the decorative features of a mother tree. Only a couple of seeds can inherit them from one cone, but despite this, this method has the right to exist. Seed Breeding Technology:
- First, collect the seeds. Use only well-ripened buds for this. The optimal collection period is considered autumn-winter.
- Then you need to carefully prepare the nutrient soil with a high level of acidity. For this purpose, combine in equal proportions leaf soil, sand, turf soil and peat. Fill the resulting mixture with a suitable container.
- To sow prepared planting material is required to a depth of no more than 1 cm.
- After sowing, place the container in a cool place that will resemble the natural conditions of growing conic.
- In optimal conditions, the first shoots will begin to appear in early spring. If you properly care for seedlings, in just a year they will reach a height of 20 cm.
- Young mini spruce can be grown at home or transplanted into the ground after growing. Seed breeding method is almost always successful, because This type of evergreen tree has a high level of similarity.
This method of reproduction of ornamental trees is more common. With it, you can achieve high results, because young plants will have all the signs of a mother tree. The process is long - it will take more than one year until you have a sapling suitable for planting in open ground. It is recommended to plant and grow undersized Canadian spruce in the open air, so that the conditions correspond as closely as possible to natural ones. Detailed instructions:
- Conduct cuttings in June. This is necessary so that the cut on the cuttings has time to grow over several months and the tree after that has become actively rooted.
- Preparing cuttings for reproduction, cut off only the lowest branches. The length of the planting material should not exceed 10–12 cm.
- Separate the cuttings from the mother tree correctly: they must have a heel, i.e. separation should be carried out together with part of the bark, otherwise the seedling will die.
- After preparing the required number of cuttings, place them in a solution of a growth stimulator, for example, Kornevin. To do this, fill the container with liquid and place the planting material in it for at least a couple of hours.
- In the future, you can dilute the remaining solution with water. Use the resulting composition for watering cuttings.
- Carefully prepare a fertile substrate for growing conic. To do this, you can mix sand, leaf soil, peat and turf soil.
- Dig the cuttings into the soil by 2.5 cm (maximum).
- Further care will consist only of moderate watering and maintaining the required humidity.
- After 4–5 years, the seedling will need to be planted in a permanent place in the open ground.
How to choose a spruce horse for planting
To get beautiful and healthy evergreens, you need to choose the appropriate seedlings. When you buy them in specialized nurseries, you will be sure that you are buying really good planting material - although the risk of encountering a bad product always exists. For this reason, when choosing a sapling, pay attention to several important points:
- It is best to purchase a sapling in a pot with a closed root system, because in the future you will be able to land it in open ground at any time from spring to autumn. If you bought a spruce tree with an open root system, you will need to plant it immediately.
- Be sure to pay attention to the root system, which should be with an earthy ball. In addition, make sure that it is covered with burlap - its presence prevents damage to the roots.
- Carefully inspect the entire sapling - it should not be dried and damaged branches.
- Sometimes the plant is healthy looking, but in fact it is no longer viable. In this regard, check the needles. Dead needles turn yellow at the edges, and during pressing - bend to the side. The living needles are elastic, and if they are placed on them, they will simply bend.
- Age of seedlings also plays an important role. The younger they are, the easier it is to take root in a new place.
It is relatively easy to grow a conic spruce at home in your own garden or on the house plot, but you will have to be patient. Before you start digging a hole of suitable size, you need to choose the best place. Then you need to prepare a soil mixture, and only after that start planting a Canadian decorative Christmas tree. Next, you will need to make dressing, water, loosen and mulch the soil. In gratitude, Konik will be a significant decoration of your site.
Selecting a landing site
In the first stage, find a suitable place for planting an evergreen tree. During the search, follow several rules:
- The preferred place for the growth and development of conic spruce are open sunny areas with little shading (penumbra), because The plant is susceptible to sunburn. If you plant it only in the shade, then the conifer tree will quickly lose both the color of the needles and its decorative qualities.
- It is very important that the selected plot of land is protected from exposure to wind and the groundwater does not lie close to the surface - the decorative shape of the Canadian fir does not tolerate stagnant water.
- Note that there should not be large trees near the landing site. Otherwise, there will be little space for the conic and the probability that it will lose its decorative properties will increase significantly.
- It is not recommended to plant spruce spruce in the city, because she may die due to intolerance of gas pollution.
- When choosing the final location, take into account the desired compositional placement or ideas for the landscape of a particular territory.
Soil preparation and planting
Canadian spruce is not particularly picky and it will grow on almost any more or less suitable soil. To preserve its decorative features and the bright color of the crown, it is recommended to pick up a fertile land. The selected soil should be light and loose, and have good water and breathability. It will be even better if the prepared soil is enriched with organic matter. Land before planting should be carefully dig. Planting process:
- To plant seedlings in the spring and autumn should be with open roots. When landing in the summer, they must be with a lump of earth, because there is a risk of damage to the root system. Conic roots do not tolerate hot dry air.
- Landing should start with the preparation of the soil. For conics suitable soil mixture consisting of sand, turf land, leaf soil and peat in equal proportions. Add some organic matter if desired.
- Then dig a landing hole. Its size will depend on the size of the seedling and its root system.
- At the bottom of the prepared pit, place a drainage layer consisting of rubble or broken brick.
- Then add a part of the prepared soil mixture with humus or compost - you can supplement it with a small amount of complex fertilizer.
- Place planting material on this soil and sprinkle it with remaining earth.
- After planting, be sure to water the sapling. On one tree should be from 10 to 12 liters of water.
- At the end, silence the tree circle to retain moisture. Peat is quite suitable for mulch.
Conic spruce care
Further care of the Canadian Christmas tree's decorative form does not require much effort or some complicated actions. The main thing is to pay attention to the tree, so that later it will always delight you with the bright color of its needles and amazingly beautiful crown. If timely moistening and protection from the sun rays is required, more important is fertilizing, as well as loosening and mulching the soil.
For normal development, the tree needs a 10-hour daylight - the plant prefers bright but diffused light. It is important to protect young seedlings from the sun, because they can be burned and die. Use burlap and cardboard for protection. Poor quality care provokes the appearance of various diseases and will negatively affect the appearance of the evergreen plant. Restoring the conic will take a long time.
Watering, loosening and soil mulching
It is necessary to water a decorative tree constantly, but moderately. This event is of great importance during the drought period, when young seedlings need to be watered twice a week with 10 liters of water. This tree also likes sprinkling, so it is advisable to spray it with pine needles 1–2 times a week using a watering can or a hose. Watch to prevent flooding of the root system - a strong excess of moisture will lead to decay of the upper roots.
It is recommended to loosen the barrel periodically - it should be done very carefully, because The root system of the tree is located close to the ground, and therefore it can be easily damaged. After loosening, be sure to gurgle the soil. Compost or peat is suitable as mulch. A layer of such mulch will protect your coniferous beauty from the appearance of a large number of weeds and possible drying.