The plant is quite unpretentious, well tolerates wintering. Regularly carry out agrotechnical measures necessary for the normal growth and flowering of shrubs.
How to grow weigela? Fundamental rules:
- Do not overmoisten the soil. When planting, arrange in the pit drainage layer of rubble. For weigel, the lack of moisture is less harmful than its excess. Water young plants more often during dry months. Loosen the soil to a depth of about 5 cm. So you will not allow the formation of a dense crust, saturate the soil with oxygen and get rid of weeds. Sprinkle mulch regularly around the bushes. A layer of sawdust or bark will retain moisture in the soil, decorate the area around the bush and prevent the growth of weeds. Don't forget to feed the weige. In the spring be sure to fertilize the land. During the formation of flower buds, feed the plant with the following composition: potassium sulphate and double superphosphate - 30 g each. Apply potash fertilizer in the fall. Cut it in time. This operation is needed not only to form a beautiful crown. During sanitary pruning, weak, diseased shoots are removed.
Young bushes should be planted in late March - early April. By this time, the soil is warming enough. Experienced gardeners recommend buying seedlings aged from three years and up. These plants are already quite strong and well rooted in the new soil.Landing rules:
- Choose a well-lit, sheltered from the winds place. The soil should be fertile. Look for a primer with acidity at pH 6 to 6.5. Ingredients: turfy ground, sand and humus in the proportion of 2: 2: 1. Prepare a planting pit for the plant, 50–60 cm deep. The diameter is about the same. These dimensions allow you to freely place weigela roots in the pit. At the bottom pour a layer of gravel or crushed stone. So you will ensure sufficient moisture drainage. The drainage layer is up to 15 cm. Crook of weigels of different varieties grows up to 3 m. Provide free space for plants to develop. The distance between the bushes is about three meters. When the soil subsides, make sure that the root collar remains at ground level. After planting, water the plant well and mulch with bark or sawdust.
Video about weigel, landing and care.
Even the most unpretentious plants require attention. Weigela is no exception. Planting and care in compliance with the basic rules will allow you to grow a strong, healthy bush - a bright decoration of your site. Kizilnik is brilliant. Planting and care.
You will read about this in our next article.
And in this article it is told about common privet and other varieties.
Over the winter, the bushes were somewhat weakened. They need meticulous care. Give the plant care enough time, and then the ornamental shrub will recover well after a period of winter cold.What needs to be done:
- If there are a lot of snow drifts on the site, evenly distribute snow over the territory. The melting process will be faster. After the snow melts, carefully untie the bushes covered for the winter. Remove the spanboard or craft paper, flatten the branches. Look at the weigel bushes. Find out which branches will have to be cut. Shoots damaged by frost will have to be removed. Remove from the bush debris that has accumulated over the winter and the remnants of old leaves, loosen the soil well. Frozen plants water more abundantly. At the beginning of spring, carry out the first top dressing: apply a mixture of potassium sulfate (10 g), superphosphate (10 g) and urea (20 g). After fertilizing, pour a new layer of mulch.
Landing Weigel: features and requirements
Weigela is one of those flowering shrubs whose presence in the garden is the pride of its owner, since in our climatic conditions it is rather difficult to preserve this plant, and even more so to enjoy its flowering. The secret to successful growing weigela consists not so much in choosing the right variety, but in the features of the microclimate at the site, buying seedlings only from local nurseries and ... in the gardener's luck. All weigels are to a certain degree demanding to heat, they are also light-requiring.
The most suitable place for them is in a lighted meadow among low shrubs. A very good solution would be to place the weigel in a place protected from through northern winds, for example, on the southern side of the building or on the slope of the southern exposure. The exception is weigela Middendorf, which not only differs in winter hardiness, but also tolerates slight shading.
When planting choose areas protected from the cold northern winds with fertile light soil. Conditions with moisture stagnation are unacceptable, therefore drainage systems need to be considered. All weigels grow better and develop on loose and fertile soil with a moderate level of moisture. Loosening and mulching the soil is recommended.
When drought requires watering. In winter, young plants, it is desirable to cover. The first top dressing is carried out in early spring. To strengthen the general condition of the plant, which survived the harsh winter for it, complex mineral fertilizer is introduced into the soil.
The second feeding is carried out in May, during the formation of flower buds. There are, of course, some tricks. In unfavorable winters can - freeze individual branches. The correct pruning will help to solve this problem; it will competently form a bush with a lush but not thickened crown, save it from frosts and let you enjoy the beauty of flowering in full. For more details, see the video about planting weigela:
How to cut the weigela
Pruning shrubs, as you know, is sanitary and formative. Sanitary pruning is carried out, as a rule, annually or once every three years, and the old ones are removed and one of the branches interlaced at the base is removed, which is often found in the weigel.
It should be remembered that pruning stimulates the active formation of new shoots, so you should not remove more than 30% of the total mass, so as not to provoke the thickening of the crown in subsequent years. Forming pruning in Weigel is reduced only to shortening shoots in height. It should be carried out annually in early spring. During the season, the shoots of the weigel grow unevenly, and if the plant is run, the bush may begin to fall apart, breaking the symmetry of the crown.
- In the first year after planting (spring), it is necessary to trim weak growths and shorten the main branches to a strong pair of buds. As a result, by the autumn several strong growths are formed on the lower part of the crown and a lot of side branches on the main stems. It is necessary to cut all weak or incorrectly positioned branches in order to maintain the symmetry of the crown. In subsequent years, immediately after flowering, faded stems should be cut to below the strong young growths, remove weak branches.
The most common Weigela breeding method is cutting. Wood cuttings are ineffective, and the results will have to wait a long time - 5 years; therefore, reproduction using green cuttings is most often used.
It is better to spend it before the start of budding, i.e. in April-May. Cuttings length - 10-12 cm. Cut straight, leave two leaves on the cutting. Weigela are propagated with summer cuttings in early July. After processing with a growth stimulator - heteroauxin (150 mg / liter of water), shoots are left in a dark room at a temperature of 20 degrees 12 hours.
Then planted for rooting in the sand-peat mixture, sprinkled with sand and cover with plastic wrap. Planting depth - 0.5 cm. Water the plant twice a day. Roots appear on the 25-40 day.
It is recommended to replant to a permanent place after 1.5 years.You can propagate weigela and seeds. Preliminary preparation of the source material is not required.
Plant the seeds in boxes filled with sand and fertile soil. Superficially sown seeds are sprinkled with sand and covered with glass. Shoot wait in 3 weeks.
Types of flowered weigela
Weigela (Weigela) belongs to the honeysuckle family, the height of the bush varies from 60 cm to 2 m depending on the species, although in harsh climatic conditions for weigela, it rarely exceeds one and a half meters. The flowers are tubular, solitary, or gathered in umbrella inflorescences located in the leaf axils. We in the country, at least in its European part, grow Weigel Middendorff and Weigel hybrid.
We also have such species as early, garden, and Korean. Weigels are extremely beautiful: flowering, pleasant, blooming, but they do not stand up to our winters.
Weigela Middendorf hailing from the Far East, a rather large but graceful shrub, blooming from late May to mid-June, with large, creamy flowers with orange specks. In the fall, as in other species of weigel, it sometimes comes second flowering, of course, less abundant than spring.
Weigel Middendorf is the most winter-hardy type for the middle belt. Weigel hybrid unites numerous garden forms, obtained by crossing different types of weigel. As a rule, it is she who is represented in numerous nurseries and garden centers, there are a lot of varieties, they differ from each other in the shape and size of the bush, in the color and shape of the leaves and flowers. This diversity is so impressive that to keep from buying this beautiful exotic, despite all the difficulties of growing.
Weighel should be planted in places well protected from the wind, a sunny location is desirable, but under the canopy in the group of trees it will also feel great. Moreover, planting in groups for weigel is preferable, since in them it is better protected from the wind and snow lingers there better in winter. Soil prefers loose, humus, although Midi dendor's weigela grows well on peatlands.
Weigela prefers moderate watering, does not tolerate remoistening, is responsive to dressing. Complex mineral fertilizers are applied in early spring - over the snow and in the first half of summer (not later than the beginning of August) during the period of planting flower buds.
You can make additional fertilizing with phosphorus-potassium fertilizers in September to speed up cell lignification and flower bud formation, which in turn allows the plant to endure better winter. Cutting of weigels takes place immediately after flowering, shortening the flowering branches. In the spring, sanitary pruning can be done by cutting out dry and frozen ground shoots.
Shelter Weigela for the winter
Weigel needs to cover for the winter, especially young bushes in the first 2-3 years of life. To make a full-fledged shelter, you need to drive 3 sticks around the bush before the onset of frost and tie them at the top with a rope.
Wrap a piece of thick covering material around this “shalashik”, pre-filling the voids in it with previously prepared dry leaves or spruce leaves, fix the film on top. In snowless winters, shelters are especially necessary, otherwise, at best, the bush will simply “demolish” to the ground level, in spring it will give growth, but it will not bloom, of course, and at worst - the plant will simply die.
Weigela in garden design
In landscape design, weigela is very widely used due to its universal decorative effect. She has a beautiful densely foliage crown, and the leaves can be different not only in texture, and very beautiful flowers of various shades - from white to purple.
She is amazingly good as a tapeworm on a green lawn, but, unfortunately, a single weigel landing is very vulnerable in our climatic conditions. No less original weigela looks at the edges near tall trees, in groups of ornamental shrubs and against the background of coniferous plants.
Low-growing varieties are used in mixed mixborders along with perennial and onion plants - dwarf irises, decorative onions, soft blue forget-me-nots and other spring flowers. Such high decorativeness of weigels, despite the effeminacy and fastidiousness, makes it a desirable guest in gardens true beauty lovers and lovers gardeners in their business. © 2010 - 2014, Planting Garden. All rights reserved.
growing, landing, care, flowers and flower beds, weigela February 24, 2013, 20:55 Weigela - deciduous shrub of the honeysuckle family, able to effectively decorate your garden.
Pleasure with pink, red, cream, yellow and white flowers-bells of weigela will be twice a year - in spring and at the end of summer. It is noteworthy that the color of the inflorescences during flowering is not the same: the newly opened corollas are pale, but gradually they gain strength and become brighter.
Weigela in winter
Weigel must cover for the winter, especially in the first 2-3 years after disembarking to a permanent place. To make a complete shelter weigela, you need to drive 3-4 sticks along the perimeter of the bush and tie them with a rope before the frosts. Wrap a piece of dense material around this construction, pre-filling the voids in it with spruce leaves or cooked dry leaves, and fasten everything with a film on top. In a snowless winter, such shelters are especially needed. Otherwise, the bush will simply break to the ground level. In the spring, he, of course, will give growth, but will not bloom. In the worst case, the plant will simply die after a harsh winter.
Weigela problems and illnesses
Common pests of weigel are leaf-eating caterpillars and aphids. Spider mites and thrips can be harmful to the plant only during flowering, and even then, if there is a strong heat. However, weigela often has time to finish flowering by the time dry and hot weather sets.
Young shrubs sensitively react to any damage to the root system. If the weigel bushes suddenly began to turn yellow or wilt for no apparent reason, then it is advisable to carry out tillage. For example, to shed the soil with any insecticide - solution of Aktara or Karbofos.
Weigela is rarely affected by infections, but when thickened or improperly planted during hot weather, bacterial rot can develop, for example, fusarium or gray rot. In rainy weather with too frequent planting, the lower leaves of the weigel may be affected by powdery mildew. To avoid powdery mildew on the weige leaves, do not thicken the planting so that there is good ventilation between the bushes in hot weather. Do not plant the plant in drafts, because cold winds also contribute to the appearance of powdery mildew. To prevent various diseases, periodically process weigela seedlings with fungicides. They exacerbate the protective reactions of plants and significantly reduce the development of bacterial diseases.
Flowering shrubs in garden design
Flowering shrubs, including weigela, are very widely used in landscape design due to their versatile decoration. Weigela has a beautiful, densely leafy crown, and the leaves can be different not only in texture, and very beautiful flowers of various shades - from white to purple.
It is amazingly good as a stand-alone plant on a green lawn, but, unfortunately, a single weigel planting is very vulnerable in our climatic conditions. No less original weigela looks at the edges near tall trees, in groups of ornamental shrubs and against the background of conifers.
Low-growing varieties are used in mixed mixborders along with perennial and onion plants - dwarf irises, decorative onions, soft blue forget-me-nots and other spring flowers.
Such high ornamental weigela, despite its effeminacy and fastidiousness, makes her a welcome guest in the gardens of true connoisseurs of beauty and gardeners in love with their work.
Prepared by Anastasia Alexandrova.