Strawberries are often grown in summer cottages, as it has a special taste. Favorite berries do not need complex care, because the gardeners have chosen the culture. Before you buy planting material, decide on a variety, there are several dozen. Strawberry "maxim" is popular. The berries are large in size and have excellent taste, as gardeners write, leaving feedback on strawberries "maxim". Description of the variety, photos and crop care rules will help you choose the variety that is suitable for growing in your area of residence.
Botanical certificate about strawberries varieties "Maxim"
Berries do not differ in early ripeness. During the growing season, a razlogiy bush is formed, richly decorated with large flower stalks. The mustache grows long and thick. Rhizome compared with other large-fruited varieties is different in size, the root processes are thickened.
The first for the season large berries, weighing up to 130 grams, the subsequent harvest is not so large. From 1 bush collect up to 1.2 kg of strawberries. For strawberries varieties "Maxim" is characterized by a pronounced sweet strawberry flavor, colorful red color of fruits that are well amenable to freezing and preserve the taste.
The benefits of strawberries "Maxim" include:
- large berries,
- productivity is more than 1 kg from a bush,
- attractive presentation (as in the picture), contributing to the quick sale of the harvest,
- taste qualities,
- strawberry crop transportability.
Variety responds normally to frost, resistant to diseases that tolerate 75% of strawberry varieties. To find out how the plant responds to the climatic features of the growing region, learn all about strawberries "Maxim": a description of the variety and photos, reviews and recommendations for growing berries.
This variety is chosen by those who grow strawberries for sale, although all the best qualities may not appear due to improper care of the crop. It is important to provide the plant with favorable conditions for growth.
Important! Do not forget that berries can suffer from sunburn, ticks, slugs, rot. Therefore, carefully watch out for strawberry bushes and process in time if necessary in order to prevent diseases of strawberries "maxim".
How to grow berries at their summer cottage?
The fecundity of the variety attracts the attention of gardeners, especially those who cultivate strawberries for sale. But in order to get a harvest of up to 1.5 kg from a bush per season, you will have to follow the rules of growing a plant.
Remember that strawberries require a systematic transplant. Of the total abundance of strawberry varieties, 90% have to be transplanted every 3-5 years. "Maxim" can be grown in one place up to 8 years. After this time, the bushes have to be transplanted, otherwise the yield will drop sharply.
Choosing beds for growing strawberries at home
The maxim strawberry variety is very unpretentious: it develops on any soil. Of course, if the soil is infertile, and no one follows the irrigation, loosening of the soil and the growth of weeds and does not provide proper care for the berries, then the harvest will not be pleased with fertility.
Strawberry reluctantly develops on acidic soil, because such a soil is lime, using chalk, lime and other materials.
Important! Remember that the procedure cannot be carried out by combining liming and fertilizing with manure fertilizers. Fertilizing strawberries is better in the fall, and lime in the spring.
Gardeners recommend, as far as possible, remove strawberry antennae if you want to increase the yield of strawberries "maxim". Scions are left, if you are going to withdraw for the next year a new planting material. To do this, take the first from the maternal subsidiary bush, associated process, and transplanted.
Strawberry planting rules
The whole further process of growing a crop depends on the choice of the place of planting strawberries. In order to finally get a harvest of selected berries, taking into account the characteristics of strawberries "Maxim", use simple recommendations:
- Do not choose for the cultivation of strawberries "Maxim" places located on the slopes on the south side. In such places, the snow comes off earlier than usual, because the plants will be "bare" and defenseless before the spring frosts.
- Lowland areas are also not suitable for growing strawberries. In the evening it is too cold here.
- Avoid open, windy areas.
- Having picked up the place, develop a bed so that the bias was formed in the southwest direction.
- Plant the seedlings in the spring when the ground warms up.
- The area chosen for planting is compounded with compost.
- Cover the ground with agrofiber and make holes in it, plant strawberry bushes. So you protect the area from uncontrolled weed overgrowth, and the strawberry root system from severe winter frosts.
- If you abandoned the use of agrofiber cloth, plant the seedlings and then mulch the soil with dry conifer needles.
- Before placing in dug holes, cut strawberry roots by 10 mm.
- Make sure that during planting the root is located in the hole vertically, heading down.
- Plant strawberries 50 cm apart between saplings. Thickly planted bushes will not bring a good harvest.
How to plant seedlings in the open field
The process of growing strawberries begins with planting seedlings in the garden. Pre-mix a mixture of clay and earth and dilute with water to achieve a uniform oil consistency. In the mixture dipped rhizome of each seedling, and then proceed to the preparation of the holes. Their depth depends on the volume of the root system of each of the samples being prepared for disembarkation. When planting carefully dispense with seedlings, make sure that they do not receive accidental damage, otherwise the strawberries will not take root. By the way, planting strawberries on covering material has a number of advantages.
First, choose a place for landing. It is desirable that this was a high, smooth and well-lit area. Having outlined one or several beds, proceed to the cultivation of the soil, and after preparing the plot, they place agrofiber on its surface in accordance with its shape. The canvas overlaps about 20 cm and is applied along the contour to the ground. After that, prepare the workpiece from the wire, a length of 60-70 cm, and bend them in half. With the improvised "hairpins" agrofibre are pinned to the ground.
Planting strawberries under agrofibre
On the spreading canvas make a mark, determining the pattern of planting strawberry bushes "Maxim", description of the variety, photos and reviews about which are collected in the article. Remember not only the distance between the bushes, but also the optimal width between the rows in order to easily harvest the berries. The path between the beds of paving slabs looks aesthetic.
In the marked places, a cross-section cuts are made with a stationery knife, the corners of which fold inward, and strawberries are planted in the resulting hole. Seedlings well watered. By the way, the agrofibre saves moisture for a long time, so think about planting strawberries under the covering material.
How to care for homemade strawberries
Sometimes strawberry bushes are affected by gray rot, so in order to prevent an invasion in the first year of life, plants are fed with potash or phosphate fertilizers, which are applied in spring.
Important! Do not use nitrogen supplements for young plants, they are harmful, since they contribute to the development of the aerial part of the bush in volume and slow depletion of the root system.
Try to immediately remove dry leaves and shoots. Conducting a kind of prevention, you will save strawberries from pests and diseases.
Features watering strawberries
During the flowering period of the bushes and the formation of berries, they systematically water and fertilize the plants with mineral fertilizers. The maxim strawberry variety needs a lot of moisture, we should not forget about it. Watering is carried out at intervals of 2 days, conducting 3-4 irrigation a week. If the soil is not covered with agrofibre, then mulching is necessary, and sawdust will help to retain moisture.
Collected information about strawberries "Maxim" (description of the variety, photos and reviews of gardeners) will help grow in a garden healthy and strong plants, pleasing the harvest.
Reviews gardeners about strawberries varieties "Maxim"
Growing strawberries "Maxim" at their summer cottage, as noted by gardeners, is a fascinating process. Summer residents manage to grow berries of incredible size, the average weight of which reaches 135 grams. Carefully following the rules of agricultural technology, for the season you can get a generous harvest.
In addition to the fact that strawberries “maxim” are disease resistant, gardeners say that preventive spring processing does not hurt. For such purposes, use a special tool - "Karate".
From the personal experience of gardeners, we managed to find out that the husks of onion and garlic, hay, scattered on the beds in spring, contribute to abundant fruiting. People who grow berries of this variety at home are satisfied with the characteristics of the variety and consider it one of the most fruitful and high-yielding.
Now you know how to plant strawberries "maxim", when to apply fertilizer and how to organize a watering system. Remember that high-quality fruits can be obtained only in the case of careful care and reverent attitude to the plant. Growing strawberries at home is the presence of fresh and healthy berries throughout the season, the opportunity to please the children with delicious desserts, cakes and pies cooked with strawberry filling, as well as a chance to earn some extra money if the harvest is too generous.
This is not an early plant, it grows in the form of a large bush. Peduncles have large sizes, and mustaches are thick. The plant can grow up to half a meter in height. Rhizome varieties Maxim also reaches large sizes. If we compare it with another large-fruited strawberry, we can see that the roots of this plant are much thicker.
Berries that appear first, have large sizes. Their weight can reach up to 125 grams. They are painted in a bright red color, the taste is sweet, with strawberry flavor. The following berries are already 2 times smaller. From one bush you can collect about 1 kg of strawberries.
Berries can be frozen. After that, they will not lose their taste. For this reason, many people choose this method of storing crops. We can highlight the advantages of strawberries Maxim:
- Big fruit
- Good yield
- Appealing, therefore, such berries are often sold on the market
- Great taste
Grade Maxim can normally tolerate frosts, almost not amenable to disease. Many gardeners praise this strawberry, as the berries are large, easy to transport. Therefore, the variety can be chosen by those who plan to sell strawberries.
But all the best qualities will not manifest if the wrong care for the plant. It is also important to provide him with the necessary conditions for development. It should be remembered that the berries can suffer from sunburn, ticks, slugs and rot.
Many gardeners choose this variety for cultivation, as it can give a great harvest. But for this you need to follow certain rules. At one place, this crop can be grown for 8 years, which is a huge advantage that other varieties cannot boast.
Strawberry Maxim is not a capricious plant. It can develop on almost any soil. Naturally, if it is infertile, and the owner will not remove the weeds, water the plant, then you should not dream of collecting an excellent crop.
In a short period the bush is able to grow, many antennae appear on it. Experienced gardeners are advised to remove the mustache, this will improve the yield.
Strawberries do not like sour soil. It is recommended to lime. It uses lime, chalk and other materials. But do not forget that the procedure of liming should not be carried out with manure. Fertilizer is better in the autumn, and lime materials - in the spring.
Rules for planting seedlings in the ground
Initially, it is necessary to plant the seedlings in the ground. To do this, it is recommended to make a mixture of earth and clay, in which you need to dip the rhizome of seedlings. After this, it is necessary to dig holes. Their size is worth choosing such that fit the roots. The main thing is not to damage the rhizome during planting.
Video about the care of strawberries varieties "Maxim":
The plant needs some time to take root and adapt. You can help him a little. To do this, do not forget about watering, loosening the soil, cleaning the weeds. Each seedling should have at least 3 leaves on the stem. Only in this case, the seedlings are considered normal.
Rhizome is to straighten, and then fall asleep soil. Land needs to be attached from above. Plants that are just planted need abundant watering. Between rows should be about 20 cm, and between each bush - 10 cm. In between it is necessary to sprinkle hay or compost.
Planting strawberries Maxim carried out in the autumn or spring. But experienced gardeners advise planting seedlings from late August to mid-September. If you plant later, increases the risk of destruction of the bushes, as they find it harder to settle down. You can grow strawberries with the help of seeds. The plant will grow the same as when planting seedlings.
Strawberries can suffer from gray mold. To avoid this, it is not necessary in the first year after planting to carry out fertilizing with the help of nitrogen fertilizers. In addition, such fertilizers affect the greater growth of foliage, but not rhizomes, which is undesirable for young plants. At this age, it is better to use potash or phosphorus fertilizer. Make them in the ground need in the spring.
So that strawberries are not destroyed by pests, and she did not suffer from diseases, it is worthwhile to remove dry leaves in a timely manner. This will lead to the early development of bushes. Experienced gardeners are advised to decompose the straw between the rows when the strawberries begin to bloom. At this time, it is necessary to water the plant well and fertilize it with the help of mineral fertilizers.
Strawberry Maxim needs a moist soil, so do not forget about watering. It is worth exercising about 3-4 times a week. It is worth carrying out mulching, it will allow to retain moisture for a long time. It is regularly necessary to remove weeds, protect strawberries from slugs, do top dressing. It is recommended to scatter sawdust between the bushes.
To regularly have a good harvest, it is recommended to remove the antennae. After some time, it is recommended to update the beds, as over time the harvest may decline.
So, the huge number of people fell in love with strawberries. This is a tasty and healthy berry. One of the most popular varieties is strawberry Maxim. To harvest a good crop, you need not to get acquainted with the simple rules of cultivation.
Strawberries of this variety begin to ripen in mid-June and produce a consistently high yield. Berries grow large, smooth, bright red. The first fruits can weigh more than 100 g. With proper care from one bush, you can get up to 1 kg of juicy, aromatic berries.
Did you know?In the Middle Ages, strawberries were considered a symbol of peace and prosperity, so it was served only at important feasts for nobles and overseas guests. If you look at the bed with the growing variety "Maxim", then this strawberry can be given the following description:
- bushes strong, sprawling, up to 60 cm in circumference,
- plant height - 40-50 cm,
- the flowers are large, and the antennae are thick, long, and there are many.
This plant has powerful roots that need a lot of space. Berries of this variety, in addition to a presentable appearance, have a very interesting taste with strawberry notes, so most gardeners believe that the correct name of the variety is strawberry garden "Maxim". The variety is often grown for sale, as this strawberry has dense, juicy pulp, tolerates transportation. It is also ideal for freezing, without losing its shape and taste after defrosting.
How to choose seedlings
When choosing plants for planting, pay attention primarily to the root system and the appearance of the bush - the roots must be large and healthy in appearance, and the plant must be large and have at least three leaves. You should carefully examine the planting material and make sure that there are no pest larvae that have rotted roots and that the core is “alive”.
When and where to plant the berry
Saplings of strawberry variety “Maxim”, planted in spring - in the second half of April, take root best. You can do this in August - September, but only if there is no severe drought, otherwise the seedlings will die.
It is better to choose a landing site from the south or south-west side, taking into account the proximity of groundwater and the likelihood of water stagnation. Garden strawberry loves watering, but does not tolerate excess moisture. Ideal areas with clay and slightly acidic soil. If the soil is acidic, it is necessary to add chalk or lime in the spring, but at the same time refuse to apply manure.
Important!Этот сорт может расти без пересадки на одном месте до 7 лет, и это не оказывает отрицательного влияния на вкус ягод и урожайность.
Схема посадки рассады в открытый грунт
Перед посадкой корни растения желательно обрезать ножницами на 2-3 см. Seedlings with an open root system are soaked in water for several hours. In the meantime, pits are being prepared in accordance with the size of the roots, where ash is poured. The distance between plants should be 30-50 cm, and from one row to another - not less than 50 cm. If space permits, then try to make planting at the rate of 4 bushes per 1 m².
How to properly care for the brand "Maxim"
Caring for garden strawberries includes complex of simple events: weeding, watering, support for loose soil structure and timely fertilization, protection from pests and disease prevention, competent preparation for the winter.
Watering, weeding and loosening the soil
Immediately after planting for two weeks, the beds are watered every other day, under the root.
Strawberries are also in dire need of moisture during the period of fruit set and ripening, because at this time the heat is already high and with a lack of moisture the plants dry and burn in the sun.
The optimal solution is drip irrigation, but if there is no such possibility, water between the rows. This procedure is best done early in the morning before sunrise or late in the evening. Watering by irrigation, if conducted, then only at dawn and on sandy soils. If you do this in the evening, the berry will be wet all night and may deteriorate. Watered strawberries "Maxim" at intervals 2-3 days.
Removal of weeds and loosening of the soil, and at the same time, the thinning of the plantings is carried out before the flowering of plants. In the period of flowering and formation of the ovary, it is better not to disturb them, so as not to disturb the roots.
Too big weeds at this time can be carefully pulled out by hands. At the end of the summer, weeds should also be removed. To remove the weeds you need to choose the right device among these, a good assistant is Fokin's flat-cutter.
The best fertilizer for strawberries is manure or compost, which is applied in the fall.
Also from natural feedings ash is widely used, which is a good disinfectant. If a sufficient amount of manure was applied in the fall, then in the spring it is not necessary to feed mineral preparations.
In the opposite case, it is necessary to apply fertilizers with a high content of potassium or phosphorus twice per season.
To save moisture and suppress the growth of weeds, the beds are mulched or covered with agrofiber.
As mulch used straw, dry sawdust or pine needles.
Important!The use of dry sawdust to mulch will significantly reduce the number of slugs on the bushes, and the compost will provide additional water for plants all summer. Also, well-rotted compost or shredded bark of trees is suitable as mulch.
Pest and disease treatment
This strawberry variety can be subject to diseases such as gray rot, brown spot, powdery mildew.
Although with proper selection of the landing site and proper care, the variety shows high resistance to fungal infections.
The main ways to prevent disease is timely raking of last year's foliage in the spring and cleaning of covering material, because the fungus is known to spread in a humid warm environment. You also need to periodically change the landing site, and for “Maxim” - this is once every 5-7 years.
Spraying chemicals from pests and diseases carried out after harvest, when there is no danger to people and insects, in particular, bees.
In the spring, when signs of disease and insects are detected, it is possible to treat with special herbal remedies or use traditional methods.
This may be an infusion of onion peel or garlic, wormwood or ash. From slugs, for example, mustard infusion helps quite well: 100 g of powder is diluted in a bucket of water and watered. Plant in your plot such delicious strawberry varieties as: “Queen Elizabeth”, “Elsanta”, “Marshal”, “Asia”, “Albion”, “Malvina”, “Masha,“ Tsarina ”,“ Russian Size ”,“ Festival , Kimberly, Lord.
Trimming whiskers and leaves
Strawberry "Maxim" is characterized by an abundance of thick, long whiskers, which form "Daughters". Usually, the first outlet from the mother bush is left for reproduction, and all the rest, together with the tendril, are removed with scissors.
Cutting is not worth it, because they are very strong and can damage the plant. Pruning can greatly increase yields. Two weeks after the berries are picked, the leaves start to dry and turn yellow. This suggests that it is time to cut them off, to give the opportunity to grow new, young and beautiful.
If the plot is large enough, you can just mow or use a sickle.
And on a small garden this is done with scissors or a knife, but by no means with your hands. Pruning is carried out in dry, preferably cloudy weather. Strawberries can also be grown at home, in a greenhouse and without soil.
How to prepare strawberries for winter
Before the onset of cold weather, plantings are treated for parasites and diseases, cut off all the leaves and burn them.
The aforementioned variety is sufficiently resistant to frost, but this is in the case of a snowy winter.
Since lately snowy winters are rare, it is better to cover beds with autumn with straw or compost. So you will not worry about the safety of bushes.
Did you know?Strawberry - the only berry with seeds outside, in one berry, an average of 200 seeds.
Maxim: advantages and disadvantages
Like any variety, "Maxim" has its pros and cons. Plus definitely more:
- the berries are beautiful, large, tasty and fragrant, with strawberry flavor,
- high productivity
- tolerates transportation,
- performed well when frozen,
- You can not replant up to 7 years.
The disadvantage, like all other varieties, is the risk fungal disease and love pests very much.
Strawberry "Maxim" (or garden strawberries) - a great choice for the suburban area, and on a large scale. However, before you buy seedlings, you need to carefully study all the features of planting and care, then it will definitely give you a great harvest.
Category: Pen rascher 02
Strawberry (lat. Fragaria) is a very tasty and healthy berry. Both adults and children love her. It is possible to plant strawberries in your own plot, but in order to get a good harvest, you should choose the right variety and follow the rules for its cultivation. One of the best varieties is strawberry "Maxim" (lat. Maksim).
General description of the variety
Variety "Maxim" forms a large non-early strawberry bush. Description of the variety states the following characteristics:
- flower stalks are large,
- the roots are thick,
- large berries - up to 125 g,
- the taste of fruit is bright, sweet, with a strawberry flavor,
- productivity - 1 kg from a bush.
The strawberry of the presented variety tolerates frost well and rarely suffers from diseases. Transportation berries are not afraid, therefore "Maxim" is often planted to get goods for sale. However, if the care of the plant is wrong, you can not wait for a good harvest. It is worth noting that the bush can suffer from rot, sunburn, slugs and ticks.
How to plant strawberries
One of the most important components of success is the correct choice of the strawberry planting site. There are a few rules to consider. First, the place for strawberries should not be located on the slopes on the south side. Snow here will melt earlier than in other places, leaving the bushes defenseless before spring frosts. Secondly, it is not suitable for planting strawberries a place where it is too cold in the evening. Therefore, lowlands and windy areas should be avoided.
When a bed is selected, it should be leveled in such a way that a slope is formed in a southwesterly direction. After 5 years it will be necessary again to choose a place for planting strawberries. Changing the site is necessary for good growth of bushes and maintaining a stable harvest.
Selection of seedlings and site preparation for planting
During the selection of strawberry seedlings of "Maxim" variety, the main attention is paid to the root system and the external attractiveness of the bush. The larger the root, the better. Size is also important: large plants will be able to settle down better in a new place.
Before planting strawberries plot should be completely rid of weeds. The territory cleared of unnecessary vegetation needs to be dug over several times. In addition to weeds, the insect pest larvae must also be destroyed. For this, the excavated land is treated with ammonia solution.
How is planting carried out
Planting bushes occurs in the spring. To begin with, the plot needs to be compressed. Then it is necessary to cover the soil with agrofibre (the usual roofing felt will do) and make holes in it. Through these holes and need to plant strawberries in the soil. Cover the ground to protect the beds from weeds. If there is no material for laying the soil, you can first plant strawberry bushes, and then mulch the soil with dried needles.
Important! Before planting will have to cut the roots of strawberries to a length of 1 centimeter. During planting, the root should be vertical in the soil.
There is another rule to consider: often located bushes will give small berries. An interval of 50 cm is the optimal distance between seedlings.
Plant care rules
Strawberry requires first of all competent watering. But it is not recommended to overly fill the bed with the plant. Neither should we bring the soil to dryness. The best option - the implementation of watering a couple of times a week. So the soil around the plant will be saturated, and the root system will be saturated with moisture. During flowering bushes do not water.
Fertilizing strawberries is necessary often - at least 2 times per season. For this purpose, perfect fit and nitrogen fertilizer. Once over the summer in the beds with strawberries worth making dung slush. Among other things, should be poured under the bushes needles, so the moisture will linger on the beds, and the earth will remain soft.
Another nuance that should be taken into account is shelter for the winter. A snow cap is the best protection for strawberry bushes. But even before the first snow you will need to mulch the soil around the plant and cover the bushes themselves from above with straw. In the spring of unnecessary coating is removed.
Gardeners reviews about the variety "Maxim"
Reviews gardeners about the grade positive. Summer residents note the incredible size of the berries - about 100 g. If you follow the rules of agricultural technology, a rich harvest can be achieved without much effort.
Garden strawberries require planting according to the scheme 4 plants per m2. The presented sparse landing helps the bushes to receive the optimum amount of light. Among other things, in the early spring, when the snow comes down from the ridges, the affected leaves should be cut off from the strawberries, and the bushes themselves should be treated with Karate.
A good effect when growing the Maxim variety is also provided by scattering onions of garlic and onion peel, as well as the incorporation of ash from straw into the ground. To protect against slugs next to the landings, you should plant a couple of frogs or scatter sawdust.
To increase the harvest of strawberry varieties "Maxim" will help and regular disposal of the mustache, and weeding. Gardeners recommend breeding a variety with a mustache - you just need to sprinkle them with soil and leave until spring. And in the spring, the bushes are planted in a permanent place.
Description and characteristics of the variety
The second name of the Maxim variety is Gigantella Maxim.
This species is well known not only among Russian agrarians, but also abroad. Strawberry Maxim bred in Holland has several advantages associated with its yield and care for the bushes
The variety is characterized by its exterior, namely, powerful shrubs, developed root system with large peduncles.
The plant forms a significant amount of whiskers, which can also be described as long, strong and thick. The diameter of an adult bush can reach 60–65 cm and this is at an average height in 45–50 cm .
When planting seedlings, one should remember not only the impressive area of growth of the bush, but also the size of the future rhizome of the plant.
Bushes strawberries Maxim first year of planting.
It is possible to cultivate this variety in the same area for 7 years.
The high “conditioning” of strawberries of this species solves the problem of reproduction. After the first season, you can grow your own planting material.
The advantages of the variety
Berries are one to one, and the flesh is dense, juicy and tasty.
This berry culture is known for a number of valuable advantages that make the variety popular and cost-effective:
- stable yield, including a constant size and shape of berries throughout the cultivation period,
- high productivity
- presentable appearance
- Many recycling options, including freezing,
- good transportability,
- high tasting qualities
- long period of fruiting,
- mid term
When grown in a midland, the fruiting period opens in early July, in its first decade.
The variety got its second name thanks to unusually large berries . In the first weeks of fruiting, their size reaches a record 100-120 grams. During the main harvest, the average weight varies within 60–70 grams , and the productivity of one bush is 2–2,3 kg taking into account regular irrigation and compliance with all the rules of agricultural technology.
Ripe fruits have an attractive presentation.
They are painted in bright red color, have a dense juicy structure, so they are well tolerated transportation even over long distances. The taste of berries is sweet with a characteristic taste of strawberries, so this variety is often called garden strawberries "Maxim".
Any bed, including a strawberry, begins with digging.
The second thing a gardener should attend to is the preparation of a site for planting a crop. The selected location must meet a number of requirements, namely:
- rich soil composition
If the soil is poor, add humus.
And to be more precise, the area should be well ventilated, lit and under a slight bias, in order to exclude the possibility of moisture stagnation. Soil intended for culture should be of the type of loam or sandy sables, also the level of its acidity cannot exceed the “moderate” mark.
If necessary, you can make additional liming of soil and add organic matter to improve the composition of the soil. In the industrial production of this variety, it is best to use the soil that is in the crop rotation of radish, mustard, pea or grain crops.
Due to the large size of an adult bush, no more than 4 seedlings are planted per square meter.
It is better to plant the crop in spring, in the middle of April, however, if it was not possible to plant the planting during this period, you can try again in late August and early September, provided that there is no severe drought.
Before planting, you need to trim the roots on 2–4 cm and dip the rhizome of the culture in the "talker" - a mixture of earth and clay . Next, you need to plant the plant in the pre-prepared wells, the bottom of which is covered with ash. Their size directly depends on the size of the root system. The distance between the holes can be from 30 to 50 cm, inter row space - 0.5 meters.
Well shed well before planting, so that the earth has settled.
- Straightened rhizome covered with soil , the ground on top is slightly pressed down, the planted seedling is plentifully watered.
- The plant should have enough time to take root and adapt therefore, it is not worth making a landing later than the second decade of September.
- The first frosts can negate all efforts.
Basic rules for care
For strawberries need to take care with love.
The entire care of the culture consists of a list of very simple events, including:
In the first two weeks after planting, seedlings are watered abundantly every two days. Abundant soil moisture is also necessary during the formation of ovaries and fruits. Drip irrigation is the best option, but in the absence of it, you can use more simple methods. The main thing is not to let the ground dry out. The procedure itself is carried out early in the morning or late in the evening.
Soil loosening, thinning and weeding should be carried out before the flowering period.
During the period of formation of the ovaries, such actions “disturb” the root system and the flower stalks themselves. Weeding is also necessary in the fall during the preparation of the bushes for the winter.
When signs of disease appear, the damaged shrubs are removed, and the plantation is treated with Fitosporin or another fungicide.
Pest and disease control is also an important step in caring for the crop. The timely removal of dry leaves contributes to the rapid development of strawberry bushes.
Grade Maxim is prone to diseases such as brown spot gray rot and powdery mildew . Determining the correct landing site will solve the problem of fungal infections.
Spraying with chemical solutions should be carried out at the end of the fruiting period when it will not pose a risk to human health or bees. In the flowering period, phytopreparations or folk remedies can be used as prophylaxis, for example, ashes, infusion of garlic, onion peel or wormwood.
After fruiting, once again loosened the soil, along with the introduction of phosphorus-potassium supplements.
At the end of the fruiting leaves of strawberry bushes turn yellow and dry. They are cut and burned, as well as old flower stalks.
Растения обрабатываются от паразитов, укрываются компостом или соломой и готовятся к зимовке . Despite the fact that the variety is frost-resistant, in the case of a little snowy winter, the culture may freeze, so it is better to be safe.
Many consider strawberry “Maxim” to be an analogue or variety of the variety “Gigantella” (Gigantella Maxim), bred by Dutch breeders and familiar to Russian summer residents from the 80s of the last century. Experienced gardeners explain all sorts of names for names (“Maxi”, “Maxim” and “Maxima”) with inaccuracies in the translation of the word “maximum” or unfair marketing, which allows selling the same variety under the guise of different and at higher prices.
There are separate opinions that “Maxim” is a modified and improved version of “Gigantella”, surpassing the original variety in some parameters: it differs by more ripening berries, the density of their texture. At one time, Gigantella did not “get accustomed” as a commercial variety in the berry market of Europe and the USA, rather quickly many domestic gardeners refused it because of the large number of shortcomings. From the point of view of consumers, the berries, although very large, but far from the most delicious and fragrant, often with internal voids and “evergreen” immature peaks, rather coarse seeds, make the surface rough. For farmers who grow berries for sale, the variety turned out to be too “capricious”: requiring intensive agricultural practices, prone to diseases (powdery mildew, root and fruit rot) and pest damage.
Strawberry "Gigantella Maxim"
In fact - this is just another version of the name of the variety, which is a variety or is a direct descendant of the same "Gigantella". Accordingly, it has similar characteristics and properties.
Now the strawberry variety "Maxim" ("Gigantella Maxim") is promoted primarily for amateur cultivation.
When buying planting material you need to understand that the risk of regrading is very high and under the guise of "Maxim" (like other actively advertised but not registered varieties with attractive names), any degenerate clones of large-fruited (strawberry) varieties can be offered.
Let us turn to a detailed description of the properties, advantages and disadvantages of the strawberry variety “Maxim”.
Features of fruiting
In terms of ripening, the variety belongs to the middle-late group, fruiting begins in the second half of June. The berries on the bushes ripen in harmony, the harvest lasts for a short period (1-2 weeks).
Shrubs grow to 70 cm in diameter (for the 2-3rd year of the growing season) and up to 50 cm in height. They are powerful and lush: with large leaves, thick roots and massive peduncles thick as a pencil. Plants emit a small amount of flower stalks (up to 10) and 3-5 berries are tied up on them, on average, 15-20 fruits ripen on a bush. The first berries have the largest size and weight of over 100 grams; they are also characterized by non-standard shape: comb-like, flattened, ribbed (“harmonica”). In the main collection, the average weight of the fruit is 20-50 g, by the end of the fruiting, their size becomes shallow.
The size and taste of the berries are strongly influenced by weather factors and the level of agrotechnical intensity.
Consumer qualities of berries
The berries acquire a dark red color, but even when fully ripe, they often remain unevenly colored, with a greenish or whitish top. A distinctive feature of ripe berries is the roughness of the surface, which appears due to large, convex, rather hard seeds. Pulp is dense (sometimes with voids), juicy, sweet-sour to taste, with a pleasant aroma. According to gardeners, strawberries "Maxim" inherent light taste of pineapple. Tasting scores are good - 4.4-4.5 points (out of 5).
Commercial quality of berries is quite high, due to the dense texture, they have good transportability and keeping quality, can be stored in the refrigerator for up to 7 days. They are used for all methods of processing and freezing. The yields of varieties vary greatly depending on the conditions and cultivation agrotechnology. On average, 300-500 g of berries are collected from a single plant, but experts believe that it is possible to obtain up to 1.8-2 kg from a bush or more than 140 kg / ha.
Like any other large-fruited varieties of horticultural crops, strawberries "Maxim" is very demanding to care, shows its potential only under intensive agricultural practices and in favorable agro-climatic conditions.
The variety is propagated mainly by vegetative methods: daughter rosettes or division of bushes (horns). To obtain their own seedlings, young mother bushes are used, on which mustaches are formed quite actively (with age, the ability of plants to grow is reduced). They necessarily remove all flower stalks to reduce the load.
Seedlings are planted in a permanent place in spring or in the second half of summer. When spring planting with young bushes, it is recommended to remove all flower stalks of the first year, so that the plants are well established and mature. A place for strawberries "Maxim" is better to choose open, sunny, smooth, protected from strong winds. It is important to take into account the large dimensions of adult bushes and when placing seedlings to keep at least 70 cm between them, and between the ridges - 90-100 cm.
Plants are very demanding on the level of soil moisture and air:
- in case of insufficient watering, the berries become shallow and voids are formed in them. According to field estimates, drought resistance is average,
- with an excess of moisture, the berries become less sweet and watery. In addition, the risk of fungal diseases to which this variety is prone increases: white and brown spots, a complex of root rot, gray rot of fruits (yield losses may exceed 10%).
For the prevention of diseases and injuries by pests bushes must necessarily be treated with fungicidal and insecticidal preparations.
Also, plants react poorly to inadequate nutrition and need regular fertilizing with organic or complex mineral fertilizers: nitrogenous at the initial stages of vegetation and phosphorus-potassium after fruiting. The variety is positioned as winter-hardy. When preparing for wintering on the bushes, it is advised to leave the old foliage to help keep the snow cover and serve as the natural protection of the heart and root collar from frost. Many gardeners, especially in regions with harsh and snowless winters, consider it necessary to additionally cover plantings with a layer of mulch and / or agrofabric.