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How to make and install a greenhouse "Khlebnitsa" independently: practical recommendations for gardeners and gardeners

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Greenhouse gave it an unusual name form design. It resembles our usual home bread.

Compact, convenient for work and aesthetic construction is ideal for both growing vegetablesso and colors on the summer cottage.

Model Description

Greenhouse has a relatively small size, but the working area can be used at 100%. Her flaps open at both sides, thanks to which planting, caring for seedlings and harvesting is convenient to lead from any side. EarthI always stay inside softth and loose, because during the work the gardener does not have to intercede on the garden bed.

Specifications
"Breadbox" can do it yourself or buy in finished form. The direct geometry of the building's hull does not provide for any dismemberment of the components, so the ready-made version turns out to be quite dimensional, and it can only be transported to the desired section of the cargo Gazelle.

Very greenhouse lightweight: it does not need to be disassembled into parts in order to be moved from place to place.

Modifications
In "Khlebnitsa" no pass. Its internal space can be used to the maximum. There is no definite size for this model: those who are going to build it on the site with their own hands are best decide in advance on the size. A greenhouse is assembled from a plastic profile 20 by 20 mm. The length of its frame is 2-4 meters, the width is 1.3 and 2 meters, and the height is from 0.75 to 1 meter. If the model is supposed to open on the one hand, its width is better to perform in the range of 0.8 - 1.3 meters. With such parameters of construction gardener easier to maintain for plants.

Virtues

Benefits this structure has several:

  1. Ergonomic design, combined with excellent external performance.
  2. Excellent functionality buildings, allowing to grow flowers and vegetables in it.
  3. For its creation are used non-toxic and only environmentally friendly materials.
  4. Low weight structures that do not affect their strength and quality.
  5. Arched shape accelerates the snowwhile simultaneously preventing the destruction of its frame during strong winds or snowfall.

disadvantages

Such a design, of course, is not without deficiencies. They need to be considered so that the cultivation of vegetables and flowers is complete and productive.

The easiest way to create "breadbox" use film coatingthat many do. This is the cheapest option, but with it durability of use greenhouse questioned, as well as the temperature regime inside it. Industrial products less affordable compared to self-built ones, but they can be used more long time.

What materials is the greenhouse made of?

Rama structures are made of plastic pipes square section wood or steel profile. Before the manufacture of the frame will not be superfluous to consider the features of the structure. In the upper part there are half arcs. They are attached to the base with hinges.

Covering material greenhouse "Khlebnitsa" - cellular polycarbonate. It is easy to replace with high-quality greenhouse film. A good option is the so-called low-pressure polyethylene (HDPE). Since the greenhouse is often used specifically for growing seedlings that require a special microclimate, polycarbonate will be good for it because it can protect young plants from ultraviolet radiation: in comparison with the film, it will more efficiently retain heat, moreover, it will give the structure additional rigidity.

What plants are suitable for growing?

The greenhouse is perfect for growing tomatoes, cucumbers, greens, early root vegetables and different types colors. Unpretentious crops will grow much better if they are planted in a greenhouse, and not in open ground. Watering and airing plants are performed elementary, and the lighting will be natural.

Features of installation and assembly

To install the frame, should be found on the site lighted place. Greenhouse is placed in the direction of from North to South. Since it consists of two halves, one half can be entirely oriented to the south, opening it only during the day to air, and the other to the north.

"Breadbox" will be a suitable option for those summer residents who are tired of endlessly pulling the film on the frame. It will take a little time to build a greenhouse with your own hands. It will take and a minimum of material that can be purchased at the nearest specialty store at an affordable price. But all these concerns will help grow vegetables that do not contain pesticides, and at the same time save money on the purchase of expensive vegetables on the market or in a supermarket.

More photos of the Khlebnitsa greenhouse:

What is the design of the greenhouse "Breadbox"

The principle of operation of a greenhouse for a private plot is similar to a bread box with a hinged top lid, due to which the construction of the greenhouse got its name. It has a rectangular base, to which two side walls in the form of semi -ars are fixed on both sides. The walls of the greenhouse have a longitudinal guide, which plays the role of an amplifier structure. The tops of both side walls are fixed to the frame by means of hinges, due to which the mobility of the hinged section, the flap, is achieved. Greenhouses of this type are both one-sided and two-sided execution.

For easy opening of the valves, the front wall of the hinged section is equipped with a handle. To fix the lid, use a stopper made of a wooden bar of a certain length, on which cuts are made from the ends.

Standard dimensions and materials for the Khlebnitsa greenhouse

The frame of greenhouses are made of steel (less aluminum) profile. Also for these purposes, thick-walled plastic pipes are used, which makes the design light and strong at the same time.

Polycarbonate is used for covering the greenhouse, which is able to retain heat for a long time and transmits the sun rays perfectly. In order to save money, greenhouses cover with spunbond or thick PVC film, which are easily changed in case of mechanical damage.

Industrial greenhouses have standard dimensions. Thus, the mini-greenhouse "Breadbox" in length is 2 m, width - 1.3 m, and its height is 0.75 m. It is a compact installation that is easily mounted on small gardens and suburban areas. Also on sale are models with dimensions of 2 × 1 × 4 m.

Comparison of greenhouses "Breadbox" from different manufacturers

Consider the existing types of greenhouses with moving doors and compare their features. It will also allow the skilled gardeners to decide on the best project and to assemble the Khlebnitsa greenhouse with their own hands. In the table below you can see the description of the models offered by various manufacturers.

Choosing the optimal place for the installation of the greenhouse "Breadbox"

Before you install the greenhouse structure, you should choose the right place in the garden or summer cottage, because the quality and volume of the future crop directly depends on it. To do this, place the frame in such a way that it gets enough sunlight.

The layout of greenhouse installations

Please note that there should be a minimum number of trees and shrubs near the Breadbox installation site, as well as no outbuildings. Their location is allowed no closer than 5 m from the frame.

Tip! In the presence of summer showers or baths on the household plot, it is recommended to install greenhouses at a distance of more than 8 m in order to prevent wastewater from entering the ground. The same applies to septic tanks located on the territory, while the greenhouse distance from them should be at least 25 m.

Also for the installation of a greenhouse is recommended to choose a place on a flat area. This is necessary so that the design does not warp over time. Watch the video to learn how to make a “Breadbox” greenhouse with your own hands.

Video "Independent production of the Khlebnitsa greenhouse":

Features of the assembly and installation of the finished greenhouse "Breadbox"

The compact dimensions of industrial greenhouses allow you to install frames with minimal time costs. In addition, such products are commercially available almost ready-made, therefore, to assemble a “Khlebnitsa” greenhouse from polycarbonate using a drawing will not be difficult. Production models of greenhouses have various modifications. For example, they come with and without the lower frame, additional racks, etc. As a rule, the side arched walls are supplied complete in assembled form. Initially, the base of the greenhouse is assembled, after which they are fixed with fastening elements.

Upon completion of the assembly of the frame structure, horizontal ties (longitudinal guides) are connected to it. By means of hinged bolts installation of a mobile (bigger) shutter of a greenhouse is carried out. The final stage of the installation work will be trimming of the greenhouse housing elements. For this, polycarbonate sheets are used, which are fixed to the metal (plastic) profile with self-tapping screws. At the end of the assembly should be installed plugs, as well as handles for raising and lowering the movable valves.

For the cultivation of what plants is best suited greenhouse Breadbasket

The universality of greenhouses of this type allows you to grow almost any crops, flowers and other plants. Greenhouses are ideal for home cultivation of berries such as strawberries and strawberries. In addition, greenhouses suitable for the growth of greenery, garlic and other seedlings. "Breadbaskets" are widely used for growing carrots, lettuce and beets on the backyard. In addition, they are suitable for tomatoes, but because of the large size of the bushes, the tomatoes, after a while, are transplanted into a spacious greenhouse or directly into the open ground.

How to make with your own hands a greenhouse "Bread" from polycarbonate

In this section we will analyze step by step the nuances of the independent development of drawings with dimensions and stages of installation. We will also consider what materials and tools that are used in the work will be required.

Related article:

Greenhouses and greenhouses from polycarbonate. Dimensions, prices of products from leading manufacturers, characteristics, varieties, pros and cons of different designs, features of assembly and use, user reviews - read our publication.

Development of a drawing with dimensions for the manufacture of a greenhouse "Khlebnitsa" do it yourself

Many craftsmen prefer to make their own greenhouses and various devices that increase the efficiency of their use. Before proceeding to the manufacture of a greenhouse, a detailed drawing should be developed, as well as the necessary dimensions of the constituent elements.

The drawing of the greenhouse "Breadbox"

After drawing up the working scheme, it is necessary to calculate the materials used, of which the framework itself will consist, as well as the number of sheets for the greenhouse trim. In addition, it is necessary to determine how many hinges and elements are required for fastening components of the structure. As for the foundation, it is made of boards or bricks (masonry), the number of which must also be considered.

Tools and materials used in the work

For covering the greenhouse, it is advisable to use polycarbonate sheets, the area of ​​which is calculated taking into account the dimensions of the structure of the frame itself. For its manufacture used polypropylene pipes, metal profiles, as well as wooden boards. The latter are rarely used because they are massive and have a short operational life. For the connection of aluminum profiles using bolted connection elements. If the frame is made of iron, it is worth using welding.

To build the framework, you will need pipes with a diameter of 20 mm and a machine for their bending. Also it is worth buying hinged bolts which will be required for installation of mobile shutters. At installation metalwork tools are required: a set of wrenches, a screwdriver, a hammer, a Bulgarian, an electric drill, a set of drills and a tape measure. In addition, paint should be used to protect the iron elements from rust and make them look attractive. On how to make your own hands the most convenient hotbeds "Breadbox" ("Butterfly"), look at the video.

Video “Production and assembly of the Butterfly glasshouse:

Related article:

Greenhouse for cucumbers with their own hands. Photos, advantages and disadvantages, varieties, how to choose material for the frame and cover, whether a foundation is needed, greenhouse installation rules, how to make a structure from arcs and films, from polycarbonate, from window frames with biofuel - in our publication.

Making the base of the greenhouse

This stage of work does not present any particular difficulties. According to the dimensions of the drawing we make the foundation of the greenhouse, on which its foundation will be mounted. The base for the installation of the structure can be made of sleepers, wooden beams or wide boards that should be interconnected by means of fasteners in the shape of a rectangle.

A foundation of metal pipes (profiles) or polymer counterparts is installed on top of the finished foundation. The base elements are joined into a single structure by welding (bolts with nuts in the case of aluminum or wood). After installation, the rest of the frame will be mounted on it.

Description and equipment

The greenhouse has a small size and is designed for growing in the initial stages of seedlings, greenery and root crops. Tall plants usually do not suit this method, since the height of the greenhouse is small, and the shoots will simply begin to rest against the ceiling of the structure.

The dimensions of the frame of the greenhouse "breadbasket" - 2.1 × 1.1 × 0.8 m. It provides for the use of cellular polycarbonate, whose thickness is 4 mm. The frame is calculated so that it can withstand not only wind, but also snow loads. And the coating is made in such a way that you do not have to take it off for the winter.

  1. Butt - 2 pcs.
  2. Jumper - 4 pcs.
  3. Base - 2 pcs.
  4. The self-tapping screw roofing 4,2 * 19 - 60 pieces.
  5. Bolt m-5x40 - 12 pcs.
  6. Bolt m-5x60 - 2 pcs.
  7. Nut lamb M5 - 14 pcs.
In addition, polycarbonate sheets may be included.

Choosing a place for a greenhouse

It is very important to choose the right installation site, since otherwise there will be no benefit from the greenhouse. Pay attention to all the little things: the location of the cardinal points, nearby objects that can give shade, lighting, etc.

The distance to the nearest object that can give a shadow should be at least 5 mhowever, you yourself can count how far a particular structure can cast a shadow.

Installation and installation

So, when you find a sunny place that is not obstructed by other buildings and which is located on a flat area, you can start building a greenhouse in the form of a breadbasket. The best location for the design is, so the opening side faces south. This way you will get more heat and light into the case.

Site preparation

You can put the design directly on the ground, but it is best to use the foundation. It can be made of brick or from logs, lumber, etc.

Creating the foundation on which the greenhouse will be located is the most difficult part. By itself, the assembly design is not so complicated.

Frame assembly

The assembly of the frame should be carried out on an already prepared base (for example, on a foundation) or simply on a flat surface. Connect all the base elements that were included. This can be done with screws. Place the lower guides on the base first, then attach the ends to the guides on the opposite side.

All connections occur by inserting a pipe of small cross section into a pipe of large cross section. They fasten to each other with bolts from the kit (M-5x40 mm).

After installing all these parts form the shape of the future roof. When you put all the parts together and make sure everything is in place, you can tighten the screws.

As you can see, the process is extremely simple: you can assemble a greenhouse using only a screwdriver.

To start trimming the greenhouse “breadbasket” made of polycarbonate, you need to prepare sheets: cut the polycarbonate sheets using a marker as shown in the diagram in the instructions.

Before cutting them, check all sizes again. You can cut the material and the usual sharply sharpened knife, but it is better to use jigsaw.

The sides of the outer cover should be mounted outside, and on the inside - inside.

Handle fastening

The fittings, in our case it is presented in the form of handles, is fastened last. It is necessary in order to easily open or close the greenhouse. Attach the handle to the lid with self-tapping screws. Be careful and choose really strong screws, otherwise they can be broken.

Features of operation

The greenhouse is considered universal for the cultivation of various crops. It can grow both flowers and seedlings. However, you should pay attention to the height of the planted plants - this is the only restriction.Most often, early specimens are grown in the “breadbasket”: radish, tomato, cucumber.

The collapsible greenhouse is designed for a snow load of no more than 30 kg per square meter. m (about 10 cm of snow), and a folding greenhouse - no more than 45 kg per square meter. m. In the winter, make sure that the cover does not form frost. It will prevent the snow from rolling down itself. If too much rain accumulates, the roof may not withstand the load. In winter, you can also create additional support from metal or wood to reduce the risk of damage due to heavy loads. If you comply with all these operating conditions, then in the cold season you will not have to remove the cover with polycarbonate. Do not install the structure near buildings from which icicles and other sediments may fall.

In the summer, to clean the material, you need to take a damp cloth. This will be quite enough, and the use of additional chemicals is highly undesirable.

The obvious, but repeating rule is that you don’t fire inside. This should not be done near the greenhouse, surrounded by 20 m.

It is often necessary to check how firmly the body is attached to the base. If necessary, fasten it more.

Advantages and disadvantages

The first thing that catches the eye at the sight of the “breadbasket” is its compactness. Due to its small size, it can fit on any site.

Its structure is assembled in such a way that it is possible to work with plants without going inside, which means that it will not be possible to damage them by stepping on them. In hot weather, both doors can be opened, and thus full ventilation will be provided. Plus, it is convenient to harvest from all sides.

However, some models cannot fully open. In this case, it will be difficult to care for all plants. But if you create a greenhouse yourself, then you can choose the angle of opening.

The streamlined shape will not allow the snow to linger on the roof in the cold season. It also prevents destructions during strong winds.

The materials from which the greenhouse is made, allow you to retain heat and maintain the optimum temperature inside not only in spring and summer, but also in autumn.

The design has a small weight, that is, if necessary, you can simply move it to another place without even disassembling it.

Polycarbonate - the main material used - has a high light scattering ability, better than glass. Moreover, this material is much stronger than glass. However, compared to the same film, polycarbonate is a more expensive material. If you construct a greenhouse incorrectly, it will not be durable.

"Breadbasket" and "butterfly": the differences

The greenhouse "butterfly" is a popular substitute for the "breadbasket", but they have a number of differences that do not always allow us to consider them interchangeable.

First of all, the “breadbasket” has a lower cost compared to the “butterfly” and many other greenhouses. The described design has less weight, respectively, it is more mobile.

Breadbox displaces the "butterfly" and thanks to a simpler assembly plan. Different ways to open the lid. In the “breadbasket” at any location, they will create a cushion of warm greenhouse air.

If you carefully read the assembly instructions, look at the drawings and drawings, then you will have no questions left, and the process of building the greenhouse will pass quickly and pleasantly.

What are the advantages of mini-greenhouses

By structure and appearance, the greenhouse "Breadbox" refers to arched greenhouse structures. In fact, these are two semi-quarks (quarters), one of which or both are mobile.

The breadbasket frame can be made:

  • from plastic or metal tubes,
  • from wooden bars.

It is possible to use cellular polycarbonate or polyethylene as a covering. In size, such a greenhouse is made 1.3–2 m wide, 2–4 m long, and up to one meter in height. The simplest design provides one opening door with the second fixed. But there are options and with both mobile shutters.

The greenhouse-bread box has many advantages:

  1. Ergonomics, ease and mobility.
  2. The reliability of the arch, from which snow and rainwater quickly roll down, without overloading the supporting frame.
  3. Easy to assemble and disassemble to move to another place.
  4. Maximum volume functionality.
  5. Low price due to a minimum of consumables.
  6. Adjustable airing due to an incomplete raising of shutters.

And only one major drawback - a small internal volume and small height. This mini-greenhouse has enough dimensions to grow seedlings, greens and cucumbers, but the tomato bushes won't feel comfortable in it.

An important nuance! The streamlined arched design quietly transfers the gusting wind, but only in the closed state. With one half open, the greenhouse turns the bread box into a wide sail, which can be raised in a flurry over the garden and carried to the neighbors.

No matter how reliably the “breadbasket” is fixed on the ground, if one of the arch halves is wide open and the other is closed, then a strong gust of wind will surely disrupt the building from the ground. Argue with nature here is meaningless.

Build a greenhouse with your own hands

The device arched mini-greenhouses is extremely simple. A rectangular frame is made below, from the sides of which the hinges are mounted. And already then two semicircular shutters are attached to the hinge knot.

The greenhouse “Khlebnitsa” bought in the store can be easily and easily assembled with your own hands in accordance with the attached drawing. It's just a designer of metal tubes, fasteners and polycarbonate or plastic film.

If you plan to make the frame manually from pipes, you will need a pipe bender, and for their fastening - a welding machine or a drill and bolts with nuts. With a wooden structure everything is easier. It will be enough to have on hand lumber, hacksaw and screws.

Forming the foundation and fixing it on the ground

The rectangular foundation for a greenhouse like a breadbasket can be made of brick or concrete. But it is much easier and wiser to make it from a 150x150 mm bar. If necessary, the wooden base can be moved to another place or simply changed to a new one.

Tip! Bars will have to be buried 5 cm in the soil. Therefore, they must be pre-treated with antiseptics, and under them put a dense polyethylene. Otherwise, a wooden foundation will not last long.

On top of the beam is laid metal frame-base with hinges on two opposite sides. Also, this metal frame can be put directly on the ground. But in this case, in order to fix it, you will have to drive steel bars into the ground and attach the skeleton of the greenhouse to them.

Creating sashes and walls

First, the frame of the future greenhouse cover is assembled with the help of half-arbors, one or two depending on the chosen construction. Then it is sheathed with plastic wrap or cellular polycarbonate.

For covering the greenhouse "Breadbox" is preferable to take sheets of polycarbonate. This material is more durable than polyethylene and has good rigidity. It itself is durable, and the frame under it can be made of pipes of smaller section.

The bending of polycarbonate sheets is made along the air streak. And to secure it to the metal, special thermal washers are used, which will not allow the casing to burst when the temperature drops.

It remains only to put the lid on its rightful place and secure it on the hinges. If a two-leaf design is chosen, the second is made slightly smaller than the first. When opening, one of them should be easy to find on the other. In the case of a single movable door, the remaining semi-wood simply needs to be closed with polycarbonate.

Important! Movable and fixed parts of the arch must be assembled so that between them there are no gaps through which heat will escape. When opening, they should move very tightly.

A few tips on how to operate a greenhouse

To simplify the care of plants and extend the life of the greenhouse:

  1. On the edge of the movable door, you should fasten a brush or a fleecy material, which during movement of the sash will constantly wipe the second half of the arch from dust.
  2. As a small automation, you can install an automatic opener or a simple hydraulic piston. With strong heat, they will lift the lid to ventilate, and when it cools, lower it back.
  3. It is important to regularly lubricate the hinges, otherwise they will begin to creak.
  4. The open lid must be fixed with the help of a retaining bar, otherwise it may fall on the head of a gardener working inside due to a gust of wind.

A compact greenhouse like a breadbox is ideal for growing undersized vegetable crops and seedlings. You can collect it from the finished set or scrap materials. To understand the scheme of the device such a mini-greenhouse is not difficult. At the same time there is always the possibility to change the drawing and adjust the design to individual dimensions.

What is a greenhouse breadbox

The name is due to the similarity of design with an ordinary breadbasket. The greenhouse is equipped with a lid that rises and falls, and if desired, you can build a shelter with two lids, on both sides. The design with one cover is also called a shell or a snail. Sash will help create the desired microclimate inside the greenhouse. An important component is the coating device. The role of a canopy can play a regular film of polyethylene, but it does not protect the crop for a long time. Therefore, the best option - greenhouse breadbasket made of polycarbonate.

Polycarbonate is a durable material that will protect the crop, saving it from temperature extremes. It is not deformed even at a temperature of -40 ° C. Polycarbonate protects plants from exposure to UV rays. At the same time, the material has a transparency to give the plants natural light. In addition, the polycarbonate sheet bends easily, so you can build structures from different angles from it.

Device Features

If you look at the greenhouse in the form of a breadbasket with two doors in the drawing, then you will see that the valves form an arc in the folded state and two half-arches in the opened one. Fastening of covers is made on the basis on hinges. Due to the different sizes of the semicircular flaps, they do not interfere with each other when moving and help to control ventilation inside a closed greenhouse. The greenhouse bread box is of two types:

  1. The above-ground structure is different in that it can be moved around the site. So that such a greenhouse produces enough heat, the soil is fertilized with manure. Above-ground greenhouse reaches 2-4 m in length, 1-1.3 m in height, has a small weight.
  2. The recessed design digs into the ground to a depth of 60 cm and retains heat much longer. After a week the temperature inside is 45-60 ° C. As a rule, the roof is arched or gable, and the walls are wooden. This greenhouse is perfect for growing early crops.

Greenhouse bread box with his own hands

You can make your own greenhouse a bread box in stages:

  1. To begin, you will need examples of drawings. Some experts design the drawings themselves, but this requires some building skills.
  2. Creating a foundation. If you are going to fix the greenhouse in one place, then it is better to pay attention to a solid foundation. It can be made of bricks, logs or bars. The wooden foundation is better to treat with antiseptic. To design firmly stood for many years, fix the corners of the screws. If you are not sure that the construction will stay in one place and plan to move it around the site, then the foundation will be of no use to you.
  3. Build the frame. For strength, a metal profile frame is used, but some make a base of plastic. Since the caps will consist of half-arcs, the frame should have the same shape. The number of semi-arrests depends on the size of your bread box.
  4. Polycarbonate frame coating. Polycarbonate sheets must be applied to the frame and secure with screws. Keep in mind that polycarbonate expands when exposed to high temperature. Therefore, it is possible to mount the sheets at a temperature of less than 10 ° C, with the protective film facing up. After installation, seal the ends of the panels with a film.
  5. Fixture greenhouse doors. Sash mounted on the sleeve or on the hinges on the sides. Thanks to the bread box with two doors, you can open access to plants from two sides, so this option is more popular.
  6. Fitting installation. To open and close the greenhouse was easy and convenient, with the help of screws, handles are attached.
  7. Check clearances. Check that there are no wide gaps between the frame and the door, because they will become an obstacle to the flow of heat. If clearances are found, use a self-adhesive seal.

Dimension drawing

All drawing parameters depend on the size of your greenhouse. As a rule, the sizes vary in limits:

  • Width - up to 2 m. If the bread box is made wider, you will have to step on the beds when you leave.
  • Length - 2-4 m.
  • Height - 0.5-1 m. With an open sash, the height can reach 1.3 m.

Sheath the greenhouse with polycarbonate, standard sheets of which are 2.1 meters wide and 3, 6 and 12 meters long. For covering there is enough one sheet, size 210x300 cm or 210x600 cm. Sheet thickness should be at least 4 mm. Another important indicator in the preparation of the drawing - the size of a half. In order not to form a large gap, the size of the frameworks of the valves should not differ significantly from each other. And the difference between the diameters of the half arcs should be as much as the thickness of the polycarbonate (4-5 mm).

Types of greenhouses

Before we get acquainted with the greenhouse, bread, you need to find out what types of country greenhouses exist in general and how they differ from the greenhouse. To begin with, we will answer the second question: the greenhouse differs from its “older” relative - the greenhouse - in the way of heating. If the latter can receive additional heat from heating systems or internal heat accumulators (in general, from artificial sources), its greenhouses are heated only from natural sources. It can be not only sunlight, but also heat, generated as a result of natural processes of biofuel processing (manure, compost), which are necessarily present in the greenhouse ridge.

Warm greenhouse

Polycarbonate bread bins

Despite the general principles of arrangement and a similar appearance, greenhouses are different in terms of the complexity of the design, and in the external view.

Table. Types of greenhouses.

Also greenhouses differ from each other and the materials from which they are made. Since it is precisely the arched hotbeds that are most popular because of the simplicity of their construction, it is usually quite soft or bending materials that are used to cover these structures. It can be polycarbonate, agrofibre or film. Each material has its pros and cons.

    Polyethylene film - quite thin and fragile material, which is often harbor greenhouses because of its low cost and ease of working with him. However, the film is easy to tear or cut, and for the winter it is imperative to remove and remove somewhere. The service life of the film is only 2-3 years even with careful use, but it passes sunlight well, even if it keeps heat worse than other covering materials.

PET film as a covering material

Greenhouse, covered spunbond

Polycarbonate greenhouse

Wooden greenhouse under glass

The frame of any greenhouse can be made of wood, plastic, metal. Arched structures are most often made of plastic or metal, while the latter is much stronger and does not need cleaning for the winter. But without constant tinting metal can be quickly destroyed by rust. But plastic is not afraid of it, but quite fragile. Wooden, as a rule, make greenhouses with smooth walls, covering them with glass or polycarbonate.

In the table above, where the types of greenhouses are indicated, we intentionally did not mention the greenhouse-bread box. We will tell about the features of this design in more detail.

There are many advantages to a greenhouse-bread bins

Features of the design of the greenhouse-bread bins

Greenhouse-bread box, it is - a snail or shell. Why he got such names, it is easy to guess, just by looking at him from the side. This is a low and small construction, the doors of which open exactly the same way as an ordinary breadbasket - a chest intended for storing bread and available in almost every kitchen (at least your grandmothers have it exactly). There are two valves in such a greenhouse, they open, turning easily on a special connecting element of the hinge type. By the way, the “doors” of the construction have the form of half arcs and in the closed state they will make an arc. Each leaflet of the greenhouse-bread box has an individual design and coating.

Polycarbonate Greenhouse Breadbasket

On a note! Interestingly, the leaves of the greenhouse-bread bins differ somewhat in size from each other. Due to this, it is possible to influence the intensity of ventilation inside a closed greenhouse. And if the doors had the same size, then the greenhouse would simply not open, because when opening one of them as it comes under the other. Typically, the difference between the parameters of the valves is small and equal to the thickness of the profile from which the frame is made.

By the way, the frame in modern models is usually made of galvanized metal or painted square profile. Из пластика такие конструкции почти не собирают ввиду быстрого износа вращающихся деталей, хотя есть и такие варианты.

Каркас парника из оцинкованного профиля

Покрывают хлебницу обычно поликарбонатом, хотя есть и пленочные варианты. However, as we have said above, the film is a fragile material and is not suitable for prolonged use.

Greenhouse frame made of painted metal profile

On a note! There are two types of opening the greenhouse, bread - one-way or two-way. It is precisely bilateral that is more often called “bread maker” by producers, whereas one-sided one is usually referred to as “snail” or “shell”. In fact, it is the same type of greenhouse.

The greenhouse-bread box rarely exceeds 4 m in length (usually it is made 2 m long). The height, as a rule, is not more than a meter, and the width will depend on the method of opening, although it is also unlikely to be huge (usually not more than 1.5 m). If you make the breadbasket too wide, you will have to step inside with your feet in order to do the necessary work. In addition, the greenhouse is too large to be very difficult to open - because the lid rises and falls manually.

Comparison of greenhouses from different manufacturers

In general, the number of advantages exceeds the number of disadvantages of the greenhouse-bread bins, and therefore more and more gardeners are acquiring structures of this type. Compare several popular models produced by different companies.

Table. Greenhouses, bread bins from different manufacturers.

Necessary materials

Depending on which frame you want to make, metal, plastic or wooden, you may need materials such as:

  • metal profile,
  • plastic pipes
  • wooden bars
  • brick for the foundation,
  • logs, bars for the foundation,
  • hinges
  • polycarbonate or film (depending on what you want to make a greenhouse).

From the tools you will need:

  • hammer,
  • drill,
  • roulette, level,
  • crosshead screwdriver,
  • construction knife
  • saw (if the frame is wooden),
  • self-tapping screws
  • screwdriver
  • welding machine (if the frame is metal),
  • hacksaw

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