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Japanese spirea (55 photos): planting and care, varieties and types of spirea

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Often your attention to the city beds attracts a small ornamental shrub with crimson flowers and yellowish foliage. This is a spirea Japanese. She took a worthy place in the decoration of urban beds and suburban areas due to its low cost, unpretentiousness and preservation of decorative qualities from spring to late autumn.

Japanese spirea varieties

Consider the most common types and varieties of spirea. Spireas are divided into two types: spring flowering and summer blooming. In spring-blooming spirea, the flowers are white, placed on last year's shoots, and in the summer-flowering sprouts, the flowers are pink-crimson and grow on young shoots. Therefore, they are cut at different periods. The first - immediately after flowering, and the second - in the spring. Spring flowering bloom at the same time, but not for long, and letneretsvetushchy - have a prolonged flowering period.

There are many varieties of Japanese spirea. All of them differ in plant height, flower color and leaf size. Consider the main varieties of Japanese spirea:

  • Golden Princess - shrub not more than 50 cm tall with pink flowers and bright yellow leaves. Depending on the season, the leaves change shades.
  • "Little Princess" (Little Princess) - shrub up to 80 cm tall with dark green elliptical leaves and pink flowers, collected in inflorescences. The flowering period is June - July. The crown is spherical. Mainly used for hedges.
  • Gold Flame - more powerful and growing in height up to 1 m shrub. With crimson flowers and leaves from orange-red to bright yellow. The shade of the leaves changes according to the time of year.
  • Shirobana - chameleon shrub up to 80 cm. Flowers of various shades from white and pink to bright red, leaves are dark green. The bush grows rounded shape, with a diameter of up to 1 m. The flowering period is July - August.
  • Crispa- undersized shrub up to 50 cm tall with dark pink flowers and wavy toothed leaves. When they appear, the leaves have a reddish tinge; in summer they are light green, in the fall they are scarlet or orange-bronze. The crown is spherical.

Planting shrubs

Spiraea does not require special care when landing. It is enough to dig a hole to place the roots of the plant, plant the seedlings and cover it with earth. Before planting the root ball is better to soak for 2-3 hours in water.

This plant does not require special fertilizers, the minimum fertile layer is enough. Spirea coexists well with different plants, does not inhibit them, does not grow, tolerates a haircut, therefore it is often used as a border or hedge. If you want to plant a hedge from a spirea, then it is better to make it in April. However, due to the unpretentiousness of the bush, it can be transplanted throughout the season. But on hot days you will have to water the bush until it is fully engrafted. Root holes can be made with a drill. It takes less power and will look neater.

Watering and feeding

Since the root system of the spirea is shallow, it is imperative that the plants be watered during the dry season. The rate is up to 15 liters per bush 2 times a month. Although the plant is unpretentious, but for its good growth and flowering it is necessary to know how to fertilize spiraeus. Feed the plant complex fertilizer is necessary after pruning. Fertilizer fertilizer and superphosphate affect the plant favorably (10 g of superphosphate per 10 l of infusion of fermented mullein).

Pruning plants

Pruning Japanese spireas should be done in order to give the bush a beautiful decorative shape and remove old shoots. Since this plant blooms in summer, the pruning procedure is carried out in spring. Dry shoots are removed completely, and all the rest is shortened to large buds. This procedure stimulates the growth of young shoots and, accordingly, the process of intensive flowering. Do not be afraid to remove something extra - the plant tolerates pruning.

Preparing for the winter

Consider what activities need to be held to prepare the Japanese Spirea for the winter. Most plant species are frost-resistant and do not require special preparation for winter. The critical temperature for spirea is -50 0 C. But if winter promises to be predicted by weather forecasters with little snow and frost, then it is necessary to carry out sanitary pruning of the plant. To do this, remove the weak and diseased shoots.

Before winter, it is necessary to loosen the ground around the plant and insulate the bush. Peat, sawdust, fallen leaves can serve as a heater. It is necessary to warm the bush not completely, but only 15-20 cm from the root system. The newly planted young Japanese spirea bushes require particular warming. If the ends of the shoots are frozen, they must be removed when pruning the spirea in the Japanese spring.

Reproduction by division

This method is well suited for older plants. To do this, dig up a bush and divide it with shears into several parts. Each piece should have 2-3 shoots. Slightly shorten the roots, put the plant in the hole, straighten the roots on the sides and fill it with soil. After planting the plant, further care for the Japanese spirea is not time consuming. It is necessary to produce moderate watering before rooting.

Reproduction by cuttings

This method is used from the second half of June to September-October. Cut annual shoots, cut into cuttings (5-6 leaves) and planted in a mixture of river sand and peat (1: 1). The bottom sheet of the cutting is removed, and the rest cut off by half.

The cuttings are covered with glass or film. For a positive result, it is necessary to conduct watering 1 time in 4 days and spraying shoots. Reproduction of spirea with cuttings in autumn is distinguished by the fact that autumn cuttings wrap leaves with fallen leaves, cover with a box and wait until spring. For winter, summer cuttings are also insulated with foliage, and planted in the spring in the spring.

Reproduction by layering

Reproduction by layering refers to a less time-consuming method. For this, in early spring, before the foliage blooms, it is necessary to tilt the lower branches of the plant and sprinkle it with the ground in a horizontal position.

The entire season needs to be watered with attached branches, and by the fall roots will appear on them. As a result, we get an independent plant bush, which can be transplanted in the spring to the right place.

Seed propagation

Since the Japanese spiraea refers to hybrids, its seeds do not preserve the varietal qualities, so seed multiplication is inappropriate. This method can be used for non-hybrid varieties. Sow the seeds in the spring in a special box. Shoots should appear in 10 days. Landing in open ground is carried out after 3 months. This method is used if it is necessary to obtain a large number of one-grade spireas.

Japanese Spirea pests and methods of controlling them

Spirea is a resistant plant, but there are pests that can spoil the decorativeness of the bush. These include insects: aphid, spider mite, Rosy moth. Pests most often breed in dry and hot weather. Listochka damages the foliage of the plant. This mainly occurs at the end of spring. Aphid - sucks the juice from the young shoots. Mite - cobwebs the shoots of the plant with a web, this leads to premature drying of the bush. On-time treatment with chemicals (for example, from a tick - karbofos 0.3%, phosphamide 0.2%, Acrex 0.2%, from aphids and leafworms - Pirimor 0.1%) will not spoil the decorative look. Diseases spiraea is practically not affected.

If your bed is decorated with Japanese spirea, then this information will help to carry out the correct and timely care of the plant, and it will thank for abundant flowering and beauty. Due to the large number of species and varieties of spirea, you can choose a plant to your liking

Content

Japanese spiraea care is easy. The plant is very unpretentious and hardy. It survives well in different climatic conditions. Therefore, it grows almost throughout the territory of Russia.

Varieties and types of spirea are amazing. There are about a hundred of them. Shrubs differ in height, shape of the bush, the size of the leaf blade, flower color.

Summer bouquet with a spirey Japanese varieties "Little Princess"

The most common varieties and types of Japanese spirea

Japanese Spirea Golden Princess (Golden Princess). Dwarf shrub, whose height is not more than 0.5 meters. It has pink flowers and pointed leaves brightyellow colors. At different times of the year, the leaves change their shades on soft, cold and warm.

Delightful color contrast: barberry and spirea

Japanese Macrophillus spirea leaves also change color throughout the season.

Spirea Japanese Little Princesses (Little Princess). This shrub fully justifies its name. Rounded compact form with a height of 0.8 m., Pink flowers, elliptical darkgreen leaflets. The plant can become a hedge of extraordinary beauty. Spirea Japanese "princess" is generally the most beautiful of the varieties of this plant, and therefore has such a pretty name. Even a single spirea bush Princess will decorate with its brightness any garden and will delight passersby.

A hedge of miniature flowering spirea bushes of Little Princess in a romantic corner of the garden

Spirea Japanese Gold Flame (Goldflame). The most powerful and fast growing variety. The shrub can reach a height of one meter. Changes leaf color during the season: orange- red - in the spring, bright yellow - in the period of flowering, copper-orange - in the autumn. It survives well in urban environments.

Bright yellow, in the period of flowering, the leaves spiraea varieties Goldflame

Spirea Japanese Shiroban. Shrub Chameleon. It has flowers of multi-colored shades: from white-pink to bright red. The rounded shape reaches a diameter of one meter and a height of 0.8 m.

In the Japanese spirea, it is often possible to see inflorescences in the shape of a heart, as in this Spirea variety Shirobana.

Spirea Japanese Crispas (Crispa). With its elegance and beauty will decorate any garden. The undersized shrub with a spherical shape of the crown has lush pink-purple flowers and wavy toothed leaves.

Elegant pink inflorescences Crispa spirea

Japanese Spirea is often used as one of the basic plants in the design of Asian landscapes.

Planting Japanese spireas

The planting of Japanese spireas is done in the autumn months or in early spring, until the buds have blossomed. The difference is that it is recommended to plant spring-flowering varieties in autumn. In early spring, you can plant a variety that blooms in summer.

One of the most spectacular spireas of the spring period of flowering, Spirea Snowown. Due to the abundance of pure white flowers, the grace of thin arched branches makes a charming impression both in the vicinity and at a distance

Rich pink shade of small flowers of a spirea of ​​a Japanese grade of Frobeli (Froebelii)

Seedlings preparation

The open root system of seedlings before planting must be put in order. Overgrown roots are shortened with a garden pruner. Damaged areas are removed in the same way. Branches also require correction, especially when dried roots. The above-ground part of the Japanese spirea is shortened by one third.

Before planting, seedlings with a closed root system are removed from the container and poured abundantly with water. A too-dried clod of earth should be held in water for some time before planting.

Beautiful contrast of irises and lemon yellow leaves of Spirea Golden Carpet

Choosing a place for planting Japanese spirea

The plant is very light-loving. The site for planting shrubs should be sunny and with fertile soil. When planning a landing site for spirea, it should be borne in mind that the roots of the plant expand greatly. Therefore, the distance between the pits should be at least 50 cm.

On homogeneous lands, spiraea develops much more slowly, sod or leaf soil will be an excellent option.

Light-loving and a significant growth of the root system - the main points that must be considered when choosing a place for planting Japanese spireas

Decorative forms of the type of spirea Japanese - summer-flowering

The pit for planting is dug out with strictly sheer walls. Its size should exceed the volume of the root system of the shrub by at least a third. Next, the pit is allowed to air for two days. For planting Japanese spirea, it is better to choose a rainy or just overcast day.

First, it is necessary to put drainage (broken bricks, stones) at the bottom of a dug pit. Then the garden soil mixed with peat and river sand (into 2 parts of the land along one part of peat and sand) is filled up.

Spirea roots descend into the pit, straighten and fall asleep to the root of the neck. The soil around the seedling is compacted, it is desirable to mulch the peat, pre-watered the bushes with two buckets of water.

The inflorescences of Japanese spirea flowers of various shades, from white to rose-purple, are collected in lush umbrellas about 5-6 cm in diameter

How to care for a plant

Although the plant and unpretentious, but good and competent care for Japanese spirea causes its more vigorous growth. Regular weeding and obligatory loosening of the soil is necessary. Then the plant will certainly thank you aesthetic pleasure from the beauty of its bright flowering. Japanese Spirea is striking in its magnificence. She tolerates a haircut. Beautiful and neatly trimmed shrub is used to create unusual hedges.

Spirea bush Golden Carpet, trimmed to give the correct spherical shape

Commercial grade of Japanese spirea "Neon flash". Spirea hybrids are surprisingly viable and often surpass their parents in beauty.

Because of the shallow root system, spirea does not tolerate drought, so it needs moderate watering during the dry season: twice a month for each bush 15 liters of water. The plant also needs abundant watering after pruning.

Japanese spirea and azalea in the garden with an Asian flavor

Because of the beautiful color of the leaves, miniature varieties of spireas are also popular for creating bonsai

In the soil where the Japanese spirea is planted, It is necessary to plant a mulch from peat, crushed bark or compost annually. Mandatory fertilizing plants with mineral fertilizers is carried out immediately after trimming the bush. Also in the middle of summer it is advisable to feed the spirea with a liquid infusion of fermented mullein with superphosphate added to it: 10 g of infusion requires 10 g of superphosphate.

Japanese spiraea well absorbs top dressing with both mineral and organic fertilizers

Soft pink inflorescences of Japanese Little Princess spirea

Correct pruning

Pruning the Japanese Spirea is necessary to give the bush a beautiful, regular shape and to remove aging shoots. If shrubs, flowering in summer, must be cut in early spring, then the multi-colored species of this plant are cut off immediately after the color disappears, that is, in the fall.

Shoots must be shortened to large buds, dry better removed altogether. When rejuvenating Japanese spireas, do not be afraid to remove something extra. High-quality and bold pruning ensures the birth of a large number of powerful young shoots.

If you do not pruning, the old shoots will tend the bush to the ground, its tops will begin to shrink. Experienced gardeners recommend producing a global pruning plant from the 4th year of life, leaving the height of the bush only 30 cm from the ground.

Spiraea tolerates pruning, do not be afraid to remove something extra, giving the plant a shape

On the inflorescences of Spirea Shiroban, you can see flowers of almost white and deep pink at the same time.

Japanese spirea varieties

"Anthony Waterer" ("Anthony Waterer") characterized by narrow lanceolate dark green leaves with a spectacular purple color with the onset of autumn. Saturated pink flowers appear in the middle of summer.

"Little Princess" - a compact rounded bush slightly over half a meter tall. In late spring to mid-summer, it is covered with numerous pink inflorescences. Green leaves in autumn acquire a magnificent red hue.

"Macrofill" - a large shrub about 1 meter high with large rounded leaves, which amaze with their decorative effect in the autumn period, acquiring all shades of red, orange and purple.

"Albiflora" - compact bush, reaching about 60-80 cm in height, is characterized by white flowering.

Rounded miniature variety Golden Carpet only 20-30 cm tall with creeping shoots. Attracts gardeners amazing leaf foliage color.

Spirea The Golden Princess - low compact bush, which at the age of 10 years, reaches 50 cm in height and 80 cm in width. Numerous small leaves of intense golden color retain their shade during the entire vegetative period. In the summer, the decorative value of the plant increases due to abundant flowering.

Variety "Dart’s Red" about 60 cm high. Leaves of light green lanceolate, flat inflorescences of ruby-pink color adorn the bush of a rounded shape from June to September.

Variety "Japanese Dwarf" or "Japanese gnome" - dwarf compact bush, about 40 cm in height. The annual growth is 5 cm. During the flowering period, the whole bush is covered with large pale pink buds.

"Bullata" - The original variety, which is a short bush with dark green wrinkled leaves. Its height is about 40 cm. Ideal for decorating rock aria and alpine slides.

"Crispa" - сортовая форма с зазубренными листьями и большими розовыми соцветиями. Вырастает до 60 см. Осенью листья становятся красно-фиолетовыми.

Сорт «Walbuma», обычно продаваемый под торговой маркой «Magic Carpet», was bred by an English breeder and is a ground-covering and expanding shrub with small bright pink buds. Its young creeping shoots and leaves are first orange-red in color, and as they grow, they get lemon color, which varies depending on the light. In full sunlight mature leaves are golden, and in partial shade golden green. Autumn foliage color - red-pink, plant height 30-40 cm.

Variety "Goldflame" or “Golden Flame” got its name due to shoots that seem to “burn” at the tips with an intense copper color — young leaves, first with a tinge of brown and red, and later becoming yellow-green. Therefore, in the spring, this variety of Japanese spirea is one of the brightest shrubs. Dark pink flowers are formed on the shoots of the current year. Height of an adult bush is about 80 cm.

Varietal form "Goldmound". Fairy shrub with bright sunny foliage, the color of which depends on the brightness of the lighting. Planted in the shade loses its decorative color, as the foliage turns green. Easily withstands minus 30 degrees and even lower temperatures. Flowering from May to July. Shrub beautiful round shape grows up to 60 cm in height.

How to care for Japanese spiraea

After landing, the care of the Japanese spirea requires minimal time. This species feels equally well in the sun and in partial shade, but dekorativnolistvennyh varieties need bright lighting to maintain the spectacular color of the foliage.

The soil for the plant is best suited fertile, loamy, well-drained with moderate humidity, but the culture also adapts well to poorer soil, and adult shrubs can tolerate short-term drought, however regular watering is necessary in the long dry period and during the first few weeks after planting .

It should be borne in mind that the shrub does not constantly tolerate wet soil and air humidity, contributing to the formation of fungal diseases.

Japanese spirea, planted in fertile humus soil, does not really need additional feeding. 2-3 cm layer of mulch from compost allows to enrich the soil around the plant with nutrients and retain moisture in the heat. In the care of the Japanese spirea also includes the timely removal of faded inflorescences, which contributes to a longer flowering.

Pruning Japanese Spirea

When growing shrubs, it is desirable to prune, which rejuvenates the plant, stimulates abundant flowering and allows you to create a beautiful shape.

The flowers of this type of culture are formed on the shoots of the current year, so pruning is carried out in early spring, before the growth begins. The shoots are cut to 5-20 cm, depending on the height of the variety. Remove dry, damaged and old branches, too thick bushes thin out.

Breeding methods

Japanese spirea is propagated by dividing the bush, layering and cutting in open ground. The first two methods are the easiest. Only adults 3-4 summer bushes in the middle of spring divide, carefully cutting the root system into 2-3 parts. Too long roots can be shortened. Delenki planted in a permanent place and the first two weeks are well watered.

To obtain young plants using otvodok, take a well-developed lateral shoot, tilt it to the ground, laying in the prepared groove, pinned and covered with soil. At the end of the season, the shoots take root and give 2-3 young saplings. The following year, the layering can be separated from the parent bush and transplanted to a new location.

Eavesdropping is a more laborious method of breeding the Japanese spirea. In late summer or early autumn, parts of shoots 10–15 cm long are cut off. The lower leaves are removed, the rest are cut to half and the cuttings are placed in water with the addition of “Kornevina” for about 2-3 hours. Then it is buried in a wet mixture of sand and compost (bottom is compost, and the top is a layer of sand) at an angle of 45 degrees, since such a position well stimulates the growth of the root system. Cuttings covered with a package or a can. They monitor the soil moisture and periodically air the greenhouse. As soon as the plants grow, the cover is removed. For winter, seedlings are covered with leaves, agrofibre or spruce branches.

Application in landscape design

Due to its high decorative qualities, this type of spirea fits into almost any style of landscape design. For example, low-growing shrubs are an indispensable decoration of rock arias and alpine slides. Japanese spirea looks great in combination with coniferous crops and such ornamental and flowering shrubs such as barberry, euonymus, cotoneaster, Japanese quince, hydrangea, buddleya, roses.

Propagation of Japanese spirea

In addition to dividing the bush, the plant can be propagated in three more ways:

  • using seeds,
  • layering
  • by grafting.

The seeds of the Japanese spirea do not preserve the varietal qualities, so this method can reproduce only those species that are not hybrids. Seeds are best sown in spring in boxes with pre-moistened leafy soil. From above the ground is mulched by peat. After 10 days, quality seeds will sprout, which after three months are planted in open ground.

Propagation of the Japanese Spirea with layers should be carried out in early spring before leafing. To do this, the lower branches of the shrub bend down to the ground, are attached in a horizontal position with the help of, for example, wires and sprinkled with earth. These places are regularly watered. By the fall, independent shrubs are born here.

You can shave Japanese spirea from the second half of June For this, the direct shoot is cut into several pieces, which are planted in a mixture of river sand and peat in equal proportions. This method requires high humidity. Therefore, the cuttings must be sprayed with water and watered at least 4 times a day. For the winter, the cuttings are covered with leaves, and in spring they are swooping to a new place.

Japanese spirea preparing to bloom

Diseases and treatment plants

Spiraea Japanese rarely exposed to disease. The most terrible pests for it are rosette moth, aphids and spider mites.

Rostock roseworm appears at the end of May. Caterpillars damage up to 60% of the leaves, they gnaw greens. Aphid sucks the juice from young shoots, leaves and stalks. In the fight against these pests used pyrimor (0.1%). The use of this tool guarantees 95% success.

Spider mite is the most dangerous pest for Japanese spirea. It can be detected by the presence of cobwebs, holes in the inflorescences, premature drying and falling leaves. Mite is especially active in dry summer. The effective result in the fight against this pest can be obtained using phosphamide (0.15-0.2%), acrex (0.2%) or karbofos (0.2-0.3%).

In the fight against pests will also help careful care of shrubs: loosening the soil, timely feeding and watering the plant.

Lilac inflorescence spirea Anthony Waterer in the shape of a heart

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