Little is known that Hisex is not an independent breed. This is a cross, which means that such chickens are the work of breeders, namely the Dutch company Hendrix Genetics Company, which crossed two breeds: leggorn and new hampshire. Selection was carried out not so long ago - in the 70s of the last century. Before research, they set themselves goals:
- remove individuals with high egg productivity,
- reduce the body weight of the bird, so that it took a small amount of feed to survive,
- to carry the hens large eggs.
As a result of the experiments, chickens of two colors appeared - white and brown. These crosses were called highsex white and highsex brown respectively.
After the launch, the crosses first came to the territory of the then Soviet Union, to Ukraine. This happened in 1974. Having seen a number of advantages of this breed, the farms of other territories of the Union began to actively adopt the practice of breeding these birds. Later, from about 1985, crosses spread throughout Asia and America. And a few years later, in 1998, in Australia and Africa.
Description and features of the cross
Consider what eventually happened thanks to the two-year efforts of the Dutch breeders.
Main distinctive characteristics Hybrids of different colors are:
- neat and compact physique
- muscular body,
- high activity
- graceful movements
- calm character
- a large wide red comb (for whites it is littered on its side),
- smooth silky plumage
- high productivity - 300–320 eggs per year,
- low body weight - up to 2 kg,
- high hatchability of offspring - 95%
- high survival rate of adults - 99%,
- early puberty - 140 days,
- large egg size - 63–65 g,
- maintaining a high degree of productivity for two to three years.
Despite the fact that the crosses had one grandparent, the highsex white has noticeable differences from the highsex brown.
White highsexes, as a rule, reach a mass of about 1.7–1.8 kg. Their egg production is 280 eggs per year. Egg mass - 63 g. Eggs are distinguished by a low content of cholesterol. Often white chickens carry eggs with two yolks.
Hisex White is very mobile and active. Roosters may show aggressive behavior. When the content of white highsex should be remembered that they need minerals that must be introduced into the feed. In addition, it is desirable to provide them with the conditions and feed, most close to those that they love. To feed, they are generally picky. The inconsistency of the parameters can provoke stress in chickens, which leads to a decrease in egg production.
Naturally, many are interested in the question: when the highsexes begin to fly. This usually happens when they are about 140 days old (about five months).
In addition to the above advantages, birds of this breed have high resistance to:
How and where to buy to avoid cheating
It is important to initially acquire high-quality and healthy individuals. This can be done only on specialized poultry farms with a good reputation or agro-industrial enterprises.
When purchasing chickens should pay attention to such factors:
- down color: in males it will be lighter than in females, the layers will be brownish,
- beak shape: if it is bent, it means that the bird is sick, and you should not buy it,
- mobility: chickens must run and react to sounds
- condition of the umbilical cord: there should be no leakage from it and blood to flow,
- the purity of the cloaca,
- stool condition: green and too thin litter indicates disease.
It is better to give preference to three-day chickens. If you acquire young, but already matured individuals, then you need to pay attention to their behavior - they must be alive, mobile, be in constant search of food. A comb in healthy chickens should be of a bright color, well developed. Also about the health of the hens will tell their plumage: it should be clean, smooth and shiny.
Housing arrangement for maintenance
Both white and brown crosses need to create decent conditions. Recall, the closer they are to the standards recommended by manufacturers, the more eggs a hen will be able to give.
Here are a few minimum requirementswhich chickens should be provided with:
- High-quality dry bedding, which must be regularly cleaned and replenished. It should be from hay or straw. Sawdust and peat are allowed. Periodically litter must be turned.
- Warm and spacious chicken coop, with good ventilation, but without drafts (no more than four individuals per 1 cubic meter). In winter, the temperature in it should not fall below + 12 ° C. This is the minimum at which the hens can "work." The best temperature regime for them is + 15–20 ° С.
- Availability of drinkers with constantly replenished clean water.
- Equipment perches for rest and sleep (at a distance of 60 cm from the floor) and nests for hatching eggs.
- Summing up additional lighting, which should work at least 10 hours a day.
What to feed
When placing crosses in cages, it is recommended to feed them with compound feed. White hybrids need about 106 g per day, a little more brown - 110 g.
If chickens are kept on the floor, and walking in open space enters their day mode, they will need more feed. This is explained by the greater expenditure of energy and the presence of stressful situations when interacting with the external environment.
As a result, the metabolic processes in birds will proceed faster. Therefore, with this content they are given as much feed as non-hybrid layers, including a variety of ingredients. The diet in this case must be balanced - it is important to consider the recommended amount of amino acids, vitamins and minerals, nutritional value. The best in this regard is the industrial feed. Since the latter is quite expensive, there is an option to save and make food. personally. For this you will need:
From time to time it will be necessary to add a complex of vitamins and minerals to such food.
In the feed it is also advisable to mix fish (fresh), fish meal, carrots, pumpkin, cake, nettles.
Care and vaccination
We have already written about the importance of clean litter and the chicken coop itself. Indeed, it is an important key to the prevention of infectious diseases and worms. It is necessary to carefully control the absence of parasites. To prevent their occurrence, you can put several containers in the hen house in which to pour ashes with sand. It is they who help the birds escape from fleas. A prerequisite for the maintenance of crosses is the constant availability of clean water. Periodically for disinfection it is possible to add a solution of potassium permanganate.
The best performance indicators will show those chickens who have the opportunity to walk.
Despite resistance to most diseases, crosses need to be vaccinated against paralysis, Gambro and Newcastle diseases.
Is it possible to grow young
It is possible to bring the younger generation of highsexes, however, this will be problematic: an incubator or the attraction of a layer from another breed will be required. The point is that in laying hens missing maternal instinct. However, it is still important to understand that it is unlikely that it will be possible to bring high-quality young animals themselves, and it is better to purchase them.
Eggs to be placed in the incubator must be of high quality. It is advisable to purchase them at a proven poultry farm. It is important to select the incubation material with an average weight of at least 55 g. Too large need not be taken.
Before laying the material in the incubator, it is necessary to warm it to room temperature - to about + 25 ° C. Next, you need to set the mode that corresponds to the removal of chickens. If all the required conditions are met, the chicks should be born 20-21 days after laying. At first, they will need a temperature of + 27-33 ° C and providing around-the-clock illumination. Grains should prevail in the feed, and when the chicks begin to grow intensively, it is desirable to feed them with factory feed.
At two to three months of age individuals of different sexes will need to be divided. Roosters can be given less feed than chickens.
The choice of chickens egg direction today is great. Breed Hisex among the top ten of them. Many farmers have already seen that they produce a fairly large number of high-quality and tasty eggs and at the same time consume small amounts of feed. Resistance to diseases and unpretentiousness in care should also be counted among their advantages. They are suitable for breeding in large poultry farms and in small households. It is more economical to keep the Hisex breed brown: its representatives are more egg-bearing, carry larger eggs, they can be used for meat.
History of creation
There are 2 lines: brown and white Hisex, which were created in the 70s of the 20th century. Based on such highly productive breeds as: Leggorn and New Hampshire. The resulting bird surpasses the breed data in terms of productivity. Hisex White has a white plumage that he received from leggorn. Hisex Brown has a brown color that he received from New Hampshire and Rhode Islands. Hendrix poultry breeders b.v deals with the distribution of this Hisex cross-country.
Description Hisex Brown
- This cross has the appearance and color of the feathers of its ancestor of the new Hampshire,
- The birds have a brown plumage color, with bright patches on the tail. Got a strong body, graceful forms, a comb leaf-shaped and upright,
- Hisex Brown is quite active,
- Adapts to people, non-aggressive.
Description of Hisex White Cross
- The bird has an obvious Leggorn exterior,
- They have light body bones, a well-built body, white plumage, a large leaf-like crest, tilted in females, standing straight for males,
- The females are usually very active, the roosters have an aggressive disposition,
- Birds are very active, restless, move a lot.
At large poultry enterprises livestock is updated every year. Chickens Cross Hisex Brown is mainly found in cages, egg production starts at 4.5 months and lasts up to 22.5 months. Already by 5 months the bird is gaining productive capacity of 50% of its performance. The egg has a mass of 63 g. In general, up to 408 eggs can be obtained from a single chicken per egg production period. The mass of laying hens is 1.9 kg.
Haysex White cross-breeding chickens show high productivity, also from 4.5 months to 22.5 months as Hisex Brown. They have already reached half of their productive capacity for 5 months, the average egg weight is 62.4 g. From a single hen hen it is possible to get a little more eggs 410, during the period of egg production. Chicken hen weight 1.7 kg. When growing Hisex cross use floor content.
Depending on the type of birds on the floor or cages, their egg production rates may vary. When grown at home, Hisex Brown, which is a larger bird, begins to nest at 4 months, the average egg production is 320 eggs. Hisex White matures in 4.5 months, and its average egg production is 280 eggs per year. Productivity directly depends on the diet and on the conditions in which the poultry is grown.
Growing a cross Chick Hayseks
This cross country can provide a farmer with poultry products that have good taste. Since the cross is highly productive, it requires an appropriate mode of housing and feeding. When organizing for standard conditions, you can also get a good amount of products.
The maternal instinct of this cross is absent, therefore, for reproduction, use the tab of the incubation egg in the incubator, or with the use of chickens from other breeds. It is especially important to pay attention to the quality of the hatching egg. Poultry farms, which produce birds of this cross, can give a guarantee of quality and cleanliness. The egg for incubation should be free of defects, cracks, dents, have a mass of 55 g. Before laying the eggs in the incubator, I warm them to 25 ° C, after which they are laid in the cells. Incubation takes place in accordance with the mode of incubation of chickens egg crosses. And after 21 days, the first chickens appear. Daily youngsters should be placed in a prepared brooder, with a temperature of 33 ° C and with round-the-clock lighting.
Requirements for growing home hens Hisex
A clean litter is needed with sawdust, hay, or straw. When the pastille is contaminated, it is completely changed, or the top layer is added. The room in which the bird is kept should be ventilated, heated, drafts should not be present, humidity 60-70%, temperature in the winter period of time 12-14 ° C, the average temperature should be within 15 degrees. Water at room temperature, in sufficient quantity. It is recommended to organize nests and perches. Light day 10 hours.
Since the cross is industrial, it is important to prepare well for the organization of feeding. The bird has a high rate of productivity and reserve. When this reserve is exhausted, even with the best feeding, birds will not carry eggs. If Hisex is grown in cages, then you need to use ready-made feed. On average, consumption for Hisex White cross-country chickens is up to 106 grams per day, for Hisex Brown chickens 110 g per day. With floor keeping, using the litter, the bird spends a greater amount of energy, as it moves quite actively, which speeds up the metabolic processes.
Therefore, when growing Haysex cross-country chickens, they are fed with feed for chickens of the egg direction of productivity, which is well balanced in nutrition. The diet should be as nutritious as possible, it should contain the necessary set of amino acids, vitamins and minerals. Therefore, for this cross-country chickens, they mainly use ready-made balanced feeds manufactured at the feed mill. Poultry farmers have good reviews about cross-country chickens Hisex. It is noted that birds have good productivity. They rush every day, and are quite active throughout the year.
Basically for home rearing birds acquire grown youngsters, who rush every day. Some buy eggs for incubation from trusted vendors. Birds ripen very quickly, unpretentious to the conditions of detention, molting goes very quickly in time. If the bird is contained in a heated chicken coop, it rushes throughout the year.
Thus, Hisex is a good choice for growing in a household, as the bird brings a large number of eggs throughout the year.
Description, the differences between rooster and chicken
Hisex Brown is a highly specialized hybrid of chickens, the so-called cross, featuring a strong build, but small in size.
The color of the feathers is bright brown, in rare cases white markings may appear on the tips of the feathers. The feather cover is dense, the feathers themselves are strong, about them you can easily cut yourself.
Comb - large, strong, well-defined. The legs are large, strong, fairly wide apart. The head of a medium-sized chicken, the color of the beak and legs can vary from light to bright yellow.
This breed of chickens differs in docile nature, a sufficient degree of plodding and livability, which allows keeping them together with other birds, be it ducks, geese, or chickens of other breeds.
Chickens are good to humans, aggression is not observed even by roosters. Roosters and chickens are extremely active., they are constantly in motion and therefore need a large space.
Haysex Brown was initially raised on an industrial scale; the first chickens of this breed appeared on the farms of the Ukrainian SSR and Tyumen Oblast of Russia.
Very quickly, the breed came into the view of farmers and chickens were bred in households. At this time, Hisex Brown - it is still more domestic than industrial hens, although they can be found in farms specializing in the sale of eggs.
Characteristics, description and photo
An adult chicken with a proper feeding regime can reach a weight of 2.5 kilograms, while the weight of a rooster varies between 2.8 and 3 kilograms.
Chickens and roosters become sexually mature by the 20th week of life, after which they are ready to mate and lay eggs.
Hisex Brown has a high egg production rate, in just 100 days, one chicken can carry up to 96 eggs, in the year from one hen you can get almost 363 eggs. In this case, the weight of one egg is at least 70 grams.
Чтобы снести одно яйцо курице необходимо съесть около 0.128 грамм комбикорма в день. Цвет яичной скорлупы белый, либо темный.
Разведение кур хайсекс браун
The secret to growing healthy chickens with a good body weight is to create acceptable conditions for them. Hisex Brown is not picky about temperature and humidity conditions, it is allowed to dilute them both at very low and at elevated temperatures.
When keeping chickens in a chicken coop, it is necessary to take care that the temperature does not fall below 12 degrees, which can be achieved by warming the walls and floor of the room, or by providing artificial heating. As a litter it is best to use dry straw.
The room where chickens are kept, should be warm and well ventilated, chickens are afraid of drafts, so it is necessary to carefully ensure that all windows and doors are always closed.
Chickens and young chickens should be purchased exclusively from proven breeders, remembering that in Hisex Brown is a hybrid, which in industry is bred under the constant control of a veterinarian who monitors minimal fluctuations in temperature, light and feed.
When crossed with other breeds of chickens, Hisex Brown do not pass on to posterity their breed qualities, because they are not fixed at the genetic level, which leads to the need to constantly update the number of purebred chickens.
Content of chickens of this breed
The newly purchased young animals are afraid of cold, for normal growth and development of the chicken it is necessary that the temperature in the room does not fall below 22 degrees, if necessary, install incandescent lamps and heating appliances.
Quite small daily and monthly chicks can be kept in the house by equipping for these purposes a separate well heated room. Care should be taken not only to ensure that the chicks do not freeze, but also so that they do not overheat.
Overheated chickens look tired and sleepy, they react poorly to movement, almost do not get up and gradually die.
Statistics show that Hisex Brown chick survival rate reaches 99%, but at home, to ensure such a high survival rate is almost impossible.
Practice shows that out of 100 chicks, maturity reaches just over 75-80 pieces. The remaining 20-25 chickens are dying from cold, overheating, poisoning, parasites, and an unfortunate set of circumstances.
How to start feeding
Small chickens should be fed with boiled eggs, finely chopped green sorrel, dandelion and other plants. Instead of water, fresh, slightly warmed milk should be poured into the chickens' watering bowl, and care should be taken to ensure that chickens do not drink prokishee milk, otherwise they may become ill.
Adult chickens and cocks should be fed balanced feed with a high content of vitamins and proteins. The food supply of adults should consist of green nettle, vegetables, legumes, chalk and coal.
When feeding chickens, it is necessary to observe the feeding regime, gradually transferring the young individuals to compound feeds.
Experienced farmers manage to reduce mortality among this hybrid chicken to almost the minimum, which is achieved through timely vaccination and helminthization.
Hisex Brown rarely gets sick, but when kept together with geese, ducks and birds of other breeds, they may well be attacked by lice, or helminths, poisoned with poor-quality food, or become a victim of such common avian diseases as brucellosis, pullorosis, salmonellosis and staphylococcus.
Most of these diseases are treated by the timely introduction of antibiotics into the daily diet of birds.
Symptoms of the disease are:
- weakness joints,
- the absence of appetite,
- absence or desire drink water,
- inflammation throat,
- cramps respiratory tract and muscles.
Sick birds must be isolated from healthy ones. After contact with them, you should wash your hands and face with soap and rinse your mouth with alcohol.
The survival rate of chickens is high, but still cases of mass mortality are not considered an exception, because while breeding chickens, attention should be paid to clean litter, as well as the freshness of food and water consumed by birds.
Should do not allow other animals to drink and feed, especially cats and dogs.
For the normal content of Hisex Brown, it is necessary that the boxes with a sand mixture consisting of sand and wood ash are constantly located in the room. Chickens love to bathe in dust, sand helps birds maintain personal hygiene. In addition, such bathing prevents the appearance of parasites.
At home, it is preferable to keep the birds on the floor, providing the chicken coop with the necessary number of perches. One chicken needs at least 25 centimeters of free space. When industrial breeding birds are usually kept in cages.
In the conditions of a small farm cellular content is meaningless because it involves not only a large number of expensive cells, but also artificial lighting, air conditioning, organization of the feeding system and cleaning.
In addition, Hisex Brown, as already stated above, does not tolerate a closed and cramped space, because in one cage can not be more than 2-3 chickens.
In this regard, simple floor maintenance is much more profitable, since it does not require taking care of the constant availability of electricity to ensure the operation of air conditioners and heaters.
Ordinary floor keeping has its advantages also in the fact that there is an opportunity to let the birds out into the street, or into the pen without long fussing with the opening of many cages.
Breeding Hisex Brown at home is full of exceptional benefits, such as:
- high survivability birds
- increased egg production,
- resilience to parasites and various diseases,
- unpretentiousness to the conditions of the contents
- ability to bear low temperatures for a long time.
- lack of instinct in many birds hatching,
- impossibility transferring egg qualities to offspring when crossed with birds of other breeds,
- exactingness to the spacious room and constant availability of free space,
- birds are demanding to food base, grow well and rush only by eating highly nutritious and high-quality food,
- perfect results can be achieved only when crossed with birds of the Leggorn breed.
Breeding chickens and cockerels Hisex Brown have been doing recently. Externally, the birds look very cute, their character is calm, docile. They feed exclusively on feed.
The only minus noted by me - the lack of chicken Instinta laying eggs in the roost. I solved this problem by placing an ordinary cricket ball or some round ball on the bottom of a perch.
It is necessary to trace the chicken and at the moment when it is about to start laying, transplant it to the roost.
I don't particularly like an experienced farmer, because I prefer to breed birds for the sake of eggs. The real find in this regard was the Hisex Brown, which I bought at one of the agricultural exhibitions.
These birds are very small in size, but very very tenacious, out of 10 chickens bought by me, 9 survived, which I consider to be a very good indicator. I advise all farmers.
I had never been interested in birds before, but I retired and decided to start a few chickens for my own use. My neighbor advised me to buy Hisex Brown, assuring me that I could not find more beautiful, tenacious and profitable birds. This description is very interested.
Basically I was satisfied with the purchase, the only thing that does not suit is that chickens need high-quality feed, the cost of which is not always permissible for a pensioner’s wallet.
More reviews and tips on breeding Hisex Brown can be found on the poultry forums:
poultry farmers forum
So, Hisex Brown is one of the best egg-bearing hybrids, which can be maintained both in industrial and at home.
Externally, the birds are small, the maximum weight of roosters when feeding high-class feeds barely reaches 3 kilograms, which in principle is unimportant, since Hisex Brown is valued for a large number of eggs that can be obtained from each layer.
Birds have a high degree of survival, because the mistakes in the content will be easily corrected.
Do not forget that Hisex Brown is a very freedom-loving birds, extremely fastidious to the free space, because the little hen houses with no windows and no exit to the pen, they are practically not suitable.
Hens laying breed of cross Hayseks Brown
Hisex Brown has one “secret” that not all breeders know. Breed in pure form, these birds are not officially. This is a cross (hybrid), which, through numerous selections, was bred from the feathered representatives of the pure Leghorn breed. Moreover, it happened relatively recently in Holland. Selection work has been going on for two years, starting in 1968. And already in 1970, the world was presented "highsex".
By the way. There are two crosses - Hisex White and Hisex Brown. Hybrids differ only in color. White (in English white) - has a feather of white color, Brown (in English brown) - with feathers of different shades from dark brown to yellowish. Hisex (from the English words “high” and “gender”) symbolizes early puberty and high egg production.
Layers (pullets) Hisex White
Leggorny were layers, and they were white. How have managed breeders working in the agricultural Dutch company "Evribrid" to get brown birds, remains their professional secret. There is a version that for this they used the admixture of the blood of New Hampshire. But it is Hisex Brown who today beats all popularity records, leaving his “white brothers” far behind in the ranking, although the productivity, egg production and unpretentiousness of these two crosses are absolutely the same.
Chickens Hisex Brown or Hisex Brown
Four years later, after presenting new crosses to the world community, they became interested in the USSR. Hisex Brown were represented in Crimea at a meeting of workers of the national economy of Ukraine. And in the Ukrainian SSR, the first of the poultry farms, which was entrusted with a responsible mission to test overseas "highsex", began their breeding. The results were amazing. After their promulgation, the poultry farms of the whole USSR requested permission to breed these fertile birds. Even in spite of the fact that their meat turned out to be quite unsuitable for food, it was “rubber”, so the Hisex Brown meat and egg breed is completely wrong, although some sources call them that. These are classic layers that don't even need a rooster to do their work well.
Classic Layers - Hisex Brown
By the end of the last century, Hisex became the leaders in breeding in the following countries: