Fat (obesity) is the cause of the disorder of the reproductive function of rabbits. On the other hand, rabbit fat obtained after slaughtering a rabbit is considered dietary and therapeutic, similar in properties to marmot, badger, and dog fat. Nutritionists appreciate the nutritional value of rabbit fat. In this article, the story of rabbit fat, its two opposite properties, including the dangers for rabbits and benefits for humans.
Rabbit fat benefits and harm
- The benefits of rabbit fat in its unique physico-chemical properties. In terms of lightness, it is close to the fat of the marmot, badger, and dog. It is useful for bronchitis, tonsillitis, as a wound-healing agent, immunomodulator. It has few harmful cholesterol fractions. Rabbit fat is widely used in traditional medicine. Rabbit meat, with a low content of adipose tissue, is prescribed as a therapeutic food person.
- Harm of rabbit obesity. Excess fat in the body of the rabbit leads to the suppression and termination of the function of reproduction of rabbits. Rabbit grows fat very quickly. To keep fat rabbits on a farm is not profitable.
A photo. Fat Rabbits
Where in the body of the rabbit fat accumulates
Interestingly, body fat accumulates unevenly, in the so-called fat depot. Of course, in small quantities it is in the intermuscular space. The main amount of fat accumulates in certain areas of the body, called "fat depot":
- subcutaneous tissue,
- stuffing box,
- groin area
- near the kidneys,
- around the heart.
The value of fat metabolism for the body of the rabbit
Fat plays an important role in energy, lipid metabolism. Fat is a source of energy, tissue water, a reserve of hematopoietic cells. In many mammalian species, fat retains heat. Lack of fat leads to weakening of the immune system, degeneration and death. Excess fat - inhibits sexual function of males and females, and is strongest in rabbits.
Why obesity in rabbits inhibits reproduction
Obesity affects all animals. Why exactly in rabbits obesity inhibits fertilization most of all, reduces the quality of sperm. Read about all the reasons why the rabbit is not pregnant.
- In rabbits, the testes (males) and ovaries (females) anatomically overlap with fat, even with a slight excess deposition in the fat depot. The male depot in the groin area, the female depot in the kidney area.
- The testes of male rabbits are freely drawn in and drawn out of the abdominal cavity (wide inguinal rings). Often, normal male rabbits are considered cryptorchids.
- Anything that complicates heat transfer to the genital organs leads to infertility, such as cryptorchidism (testicles in the abdominal cavity).
- Spermatozoa and ova with an increase in the temperature of the norm by 1-2 degrees Celsius from the physiological norm, decrease activity and die
This explains why it is precisely in rabbits that obesity is stronger than in other animals that affects the reproductive function.
Effect of obesity (fat) on ornamental rabbits
In ornamental rabbits, the body is organized in the same way as in the rural ones, just pets live much longer. The obesity of ornamental and dwarf pet species is caused by:
- cecotrophy disorders,
- type 2 diabetes (acquired)
How to determine the degree of rabbit obesity?
To determine the fat rabbit need a little practical experience. Having the skills, a person can easily determine obesity even in a decorative dwarf. Vets obesity rabbit conditionally divided into 3 degrees.
- The first. The ribs are not felt, the weight is increased by about 10% of the breed age standard.
- The second. The cheeks are rounded, the head is smoothed with croup, the mass exceeds 20% of the breed age standard.
- Third. At the extreme stage of obesity, the spinous processes of the vertebrae are not palpable, 30-40% of the breed standard is more massive than the peers of the same breed.
How to prevent fattening rabbit obesity?
The diet of feeding rabbits varies depending on the age and purpose of the content. For fattening young stock, the composition of the diet consists of grain mixtures and hay. The diet of adult breeding rabbits is different. Reduce feed by half, add coarse feed. In some cases, wider use of feed additives, use of vitamins in the form of fortified feed.
Normal condition rabbit meat consists of 59.8% water, 20.2% protein, 18.9 fatty acids, 11% ash. In terms of weight, the amount of fat in one rabbit carcass of normal condition is up to 0.5 kg. In fatten up to 1 kg or more.
- By the amount of fat per 100 grams of meat, it is close to traditional types of animal meat, but 2 times fatter than chicken.
- In terms of quality, due to the fractional composition, it is better to eat fat in the carcasses of beef, pork, lamb, and chicken.
Rabbit fat is useful when used as a therapeutic and food product. It is well absorbed by the body, which means that fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E, K) will also be absorbed. Because of the light fractions of fat, its meat is considered an important component in clinical nutrition for gastroenteritis, diseases of blood vessels with excessive deposition of cholesterol plaques, and some forms of allergy. Rabbit fat is very easily absorbed by the body, almost 90-100%. This is a very good indicator of benefits to the body. Let's reject fantasies about strontium, which supposedly does not accumulate in rabbit fat. We will not take into account the fantasy of gout, which is provoked by the use of rabbit meat. It is clear to everyone that living is bad!
Physical and chemical properties of fat
In rabbit fat, there is much more unsaturated fatty acids than other farm animals. Below is a comparison of rendered fats. The information is taken from the methodological recommendations "Methods for determining the meat of different species of animals" Borovikov M.F. Kirillov AK, RosAKOagro, Moscow 2007.
The melting point of fat (degrees Celsius) - the parameter affects the digestibility of fat. The lower the melting point, the better it is absorbed by the body. Low melting point contributes to the rapid release of aroma.
It is believed that the lower the melting point of fat, the higher its properties that are beneficial to the human body. According to popular belief, the benefits of badger and marmot fat are known. The melting point of rabbit fat is comparable to that of a dog. Not entirely correct, but dog fat is also considered curative. The maximum yield of melted rabbit fat is achieved at a temperature of 60-70 degrees Celsius.
The more beneficial unsaturated fatty acids in meat, the more valuable its properties. So in rabbit fat of polyunsaturated fatty acids of 10.7 g / 100 g of the product, in beef melted fat only 2.7 in chicken fat of 9.8 g / 100 g of product. Cholesterol in rabbit fat traces. Chicken and beef cholesterol contains up to 0.1 g / 100 g of the product. The biological value of rabbit fat is 1.5 times more valuable than milk fat and 10 times better than beef fat.
Fat density This is an indicator of the content in the fat of unsaturated (high molecular weight) and saturated (low molecular weight) fatty acids. The exact figures for rabbit fat are unknown.
Refraction coefficient. The deviation of the luminous flux of fat is used for laboratory determination of the species of fat. The refractive index depends on the ratio of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids. The ratio is close to rabbit fat (1,462) and marmot (1,467) at a temperature of 40 degrees Celsius. Badger has similar indicators slightly wider from 1.456 to 1.466 (40 degrees Celsius). The refractive index of fat in other animals ranges from 1,450 to 1,458.
Iodine number indicates the amount of iodine (grams / 100 grams of product) capable of binding fatty acids. In a rabbit, this figure is 70. Comparable with other grades of fat. A large value means that the fat is not stable during storage. Iodine number is an indicator of the freshness of fat. In part, this explains why sometimes rabbit fat is yellowish (rancid).
Fat rabbit, use in traditional medicine
Any recipe for traditional medicine must be coordinated with your doctor. Each disease has features of pathogenesis. In addition, do not forget about the individual characteristics of the patient, not the compatibility of drugs and popular products. Perhaps there are already better methods for treating a particular disease.
- Applying melted rabbit fat to a healing wound (the second stage of the wound process) accelerates wound tightening with normal tissues. You can not use this type of fat in the first stage and with suppurations.
- When melted, at a temperature of 60-70 degrees Celsius, the form can be treated bronchitis, tonsillitis. To do this, take 1 tablespoon of 10 grams, three times a day on an empty stomach, one hour before meals. To improve the taste and enhance the beneficial properties of mixed with honey in the proportion of 1 part honey and 3 parts of rabbit fat.
- With simple otitis. Melt the oil gland at 60 degrees Celsius and cool to 40 degrees Celsius. Bury in the ear 1-2 drops 1-3 times a day. Well helps to soothe the pain when the "shooting" ear.
- Fresh rabbit fat easily melts in the hands of a person, it is enough to melt a few grams of the product in the palms and rub it into the skin. Get a great natural hand-softening product.
- You can rub the skin of the face of rabbit fat to protect against frostbite.
Rabbit fat from a science perspective
I want to start a story about how our ancestors used rabbit fat, I want only scientific data taken from
of the journal “Successes of Modern Natural Science” (No. 6, 2012):
It presents data on the product obtained at the Research Institute of Nutrition of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences.
As learned scientists, essential for the metabolism and normal functioning of organs and systems is fat, containing approximately equal amount of polyunsaturated, monounsaturated and saturated fatty acids and having the optimal value of ω-6 / ω-3 - the ratio of polyunsaturated fatty acids. The best of the animal fats we used was exactly rabbit, in which the proportion of polyunsaturated (also called essential) acids is 35.5% (in beef 4.2%), and the indicator ω-6 / ω-3 is perfect - 10.11 to 0.71, which is a characteristic of healthy eating.
Another indicator of the quality of fat - CEM - the coefficient of efficiency of metabolism of essential fatty acids. Products with FEM of about 1.3 units are of high biological value. In the study of various dietary fats, it was found that CEM of beef tallow - 0.004 units, CEM of milk (milk fat) - 0.025 units, CEM of chicken fat - 0.035 units, CEM of rabbit fat - 0.037 units.
The conclusion from the above is clear: rabbit fat is a unique food
product. It was enough that he surpasses everything in proportion
essential for human acids, which - a terrible deficit in
modern diet. But he and other indicators are excellent!
The use of rabbit fat in the treatment, prevention of diseases, growing braids to toe and cosmetology
Rabbit fat is a bioactive substance. It is a good natural immunomodulator, possesses wound-healing and regenerating properties, like unsalted melted cow butter of home production. It is enough to lubricate the clean (non-suppurative) wounds with rabbit fat so that they heal quickly and the tissues recover.
The melted fat of rabbits is consumed warm inside and outside with bronchitis, sore throat, rubbing the chest and throat area and drinking 1 tablespoon 3 times a day about 1 hour before meals. To do this, you can mix it with honey (1 part honey and 3 parts fat), but you can not mix. In Siberia, mutton fat is more often used for this purpose, but it is rather from ignorance and / or extreme rabbit shortage.
Melted fat - 40 ° C - buried in the ear with otitis. To enhance the effect, you can simultaneously make a compress.
If the skin is hardened, flaky - from a lack of vitamins in the body (often in the spring), weather conditions, grease rabbit fat - not a single cosmetic product gives such a quick and noticeable positive result!
A special conversation - the northern frosts. In order not to freeze the face, hands often use goose fat, which has a melting point of 32 - 32.5 ° C. Rabbit fat has a melting point of 38 - 40 ° C, but it is also
perfectly protects the skin from frostbite and at the same time heals. And if they did get frostbite, then the fat of a rabbit would be the best medicine for these difficult healing and very sick wounds.
If there is a burn, prepare this ointment: mix rabbit fat, wax and honey in equal parts. Mix the fat and wax melted, and add honey to the warm mass - it can not be heated, because it forms carcinogenic substances! (For the same reason, never add honey to hot tea!) Ointment can be stored in the refrigerator and treat burns, which are also oh so difficult to heal.
Rabbit fat is taken inside with poor condition of the skin and hair, nails. An extremely effective way to thicken and grow a scythe is known from the Adamian centuries (remember the Russian girls with the scythes below the priests): melted cow butter or rabbit, mixed with honey and crushed garlic - do not boil anything, do not insist! It is good, to rub vigorously into the scalp, to comb in different directions with a wooden comb, to tidy the hair under the shawl for a few hours before the bath. In the bath (or where it is necessary now), rinse the head well, allow the hair to dry, and only then gently comb it. You can make such a mask as many times as you like - it will only be better!
In the West, rabbit fat buy cosmetic companies, and very expensive. Back in Soviet times, the Baltic breeders earned good money by working with Dzintars. But it is also possible for yourself to become a cosmetics company, making once or twice a week masks of rabbit fat, which are especially useful after 35 years. The fact is that this fat is a good antioxidant, plus, it actively regenerates tissues, and this is what a little tired skin needs.
Rabbit fat in cooking
In cooking, rabbit fat has some advantages and no disadvantages. If there is such an opportunity, it is better to cook on it, using it quite a bit: and tasty, and useful.
The interior fat of the rabbit, if the carcass is properly processed, is odorless, is almost completely melted down, leaving no vygarok. If there are few rabbits in the farm, rabbit fat can be used to improve other fats — beef and pork, by mixing them in a melted form.
When you start a pastry, instead of store butter or vegetable oil (which is generally unacceptable from all points of view, first of all - in terms of taste of the dough and baking, pomp, long storage), put rabbit fat in warm milk. Baking will not only surprise with the ability to rise 4 - 5 times, but also with its most delicate texture, and such buns, rolls and pies will be stored for about a week at room temperature, losing little in quality.
Radically improve the taste of ravioli, meatballs will also help rabbit fat, and much more useful to make them. However, like everything else.
After this, the non-rabbit breeders can only envy the rabbit breeders (and their relatives) with almost black envy. And it is better not to envy, but just to buy a rabbit, he is a girlfriend, and start to move confidently in
side of a healthy and profitable lifestyle!
The use of fat in traditional medicine
Rabbit fat is used in various colds, as well as in inflammatory processes in the ENT organs:
- at occurrence of coughing take 1 tbsp. fat 3 times a day 1 hour before meals,
- with bronchitis or tracheitis, fat is used to grind the chest,
- when otitis, fat is heated to 30-40 degrees, and then applied as a compress.
When taken inside the traditional medicine can be diluted with honey. From this, its benefits and effectiveness will be even greater. At the same time it is impossible to heat the honey, because from this it loses its healing properties.
Other ways to use rabbit fat are to lubricate non-purulent wounds to speed healing, to treat areas with severe itching. Also from this product, you can quickly prepare a burn-out ointment: combine enough melted fat with beeswax and honey. Store this medicine must be in the refrigerator.
Honeycomb with honey and wax
The use of rabbit fat for cooking is possible separately or in combination with beef or pork lard. This will significantly increase the beneficial properties of the finished dish, make it more dietary. Rabbit fat, unlike other similar products, is 100% digested, which means it will not be deposited in the form of extra pounds and can be used in dietary nutrition. On rabbit fat, you can prepare meals for baby food in compliance with the recommended balance of proteins, fats and carbohydrates in the diet of the child.
Reference. In cooking, rabbit fat is valued for a high concentration of polyunsaturated acids: it reaches 35.5% (for comparison, in beef fat such acids are only 4.2%).
Rabbit fat is used for frying and stewing food, put into the dough while kneading (which makes baking more airy and tender), is added to meat dishes (cutlets, minced meat for dumplings). Жирок кролика может долго храниться в морозильной камере, поэтому закупать его стоит впрок.
Косметология и домашний уход
Кроличий жир – известное регенерирующее средство, которое содержит в своем составе отличный набор антиоксидантов. This component is often indicated in the composition of the popular Baltic cosmetics, which was sold in the USSR under the brand name Dzintars.
On this useful cosmetic properties of rabbit fat does not end. In home cosmetology it can be used for other purposes:
- Combating chill and peeling of the skin. Healing ointment is prepared from fat and honey in a ratio of 2: 1 and applied to any problem areas of the body.
- Frost protection. Lubrication of grease with open skin will help protect you from severe frosts.
- Hair restoration. Masks of rabbit fat (2 tablespoons), honey (1 tablespoons) and cloves of garlic will help restore the thickness of the hair, make them stronger and stronger. The mask is rubbed into the roots, covered with a plastic bag or a special cap and left for 1-1.5 hours. After that, the therapeutic composition must be thoroughly rinsed with shampoo.
- Hand and face care. Fat in its pure form can be applied to the skin of the face and hands. After 30 minutes, the remnants of such a "mask" must be removed with a soft cloth. It will help soften and moisturize the skin, nourish it with beneficial substances, eliminate the dull shade.
Rabbit fat nourishing face skin
Rabbit fat is widely used in the manufacture of medical products, as well as in the perfume industry.
Rabbit fat is a natural product that is completely harmless and safe, except in cases of individual intolerance. In the case when the body is prone to manifestations of allergic reactions, as well as when diagnosed with gout, inflammation of the joints or neuro-arthritic diathesis, it is not recommended to use it. This is due to the presence in its composition of purine bases, which are the basis for the formation of uric acid, provoking the exacerbation of the above diseases.
Rabbit interior fat is a unique product that is recognized as the best animal fat used. It is recommended to use it in the diet of healthy nutrition due to its high biological value. Regular use of this product helps to improve health, strengthen the immune system, get rid of extra pounds.
In terms of its structure, rabbit fat resembles something bearish, respectively, and raw materials are not cheap. In rabbit fat, the highest ratio of unsaturated fatty acids to saturated. It contains almost the same amount of polyunsaturated acids (including scarce arachidonic), monounsaturated and saturated fatty acids, and is rich in extractive nitrogen compounds.
The ratio of omega-6 to omega-3 in rabbit fat is aimed at the balance of the norms of healthy nutrition - 10.11 / 0.71.
Another indicator indicates the high quality of fat - the coefficient of efficiency of metabolizing essential fatty acids (CEM). If you compare CEM edible fats of beef, milk, chicken and rabbit, then the latter product has the highest biological value.
The benefits and harms of the product
In humans, fats play a very important energy role. The secret to good health and beautiful appearance is the presence of a certain amount of fatty acids in the daily diet.
Rabbit fat is easily absorbed by the body. Thanks to its consumption, the body stimulates the production of natural immunity.
In some cases, when the consumption of fats in a pure form is contraindicated for a person, the product will also cause harm. The consequences of abuse can be various diseases or individual intolerance.
Fat of a rabbit will harm only if it is consumed in large irrational amounts. In all other cases, the use of rabbit fat will only benefit.
This branch cannot be called a fully developed niche, but there are a lot of effective tips on using rabbit fat that are beneficial rather than harmful.
Essential fatty acids are not synthesized in the body, and their amount in the diet of a modern person often does not correspond to the proper.
According to nutritionists, regular consumption of rabbit can normalize the metabolism and improve metabolism. The benefit will be visible on the skin, hair and nails - their appearance will noticeably change.
With rabbit interior fat diet vegetable dishes are not lean, but more digestible, very healthy and tasty.
Antiallergic properties of rabbit meat allow using its internal fat in the perfumery and cosmetics industry as the basis for the production of every second skin care product.
Cosmetologists note that rabbit fat is a good antioxidant and active tissue regenerator.
To grow long and thick hair, apply the following recipe:Mix butter with a fat content of at least 72.5% in equal proportions with rabbit fat and honey, add a clove of squeezed garlic to the mixture and mix. Distribute the resulting mask on the scalp, carefully rubbing, wrap a warm towel and leave for an hour and a half. After time, wash your hair with shampoo and comb.
The use of rabbit fat has been practiced in traditional medicine to combat dryness and flaking of the skin began a long time ago. Especially valuable is the use of rabbit fat in the winter frosty time as a protective cream for hands, face and neck. Masks based on rabbit fat have a rejuvenating effect, the skin becomes velvety, elastic, its color improves, and wrinkles are smoothed out.
Animal fats in human nutrition
You can live without animal fats, but your appearance will suffer, because these are building elements, harmonious work of the nervous system and brain (memory, mental abilities), testosterone production. For women who are carrying a child, this is an important ingredient in daily nutrition that affects the development of the fetus. Limited consumption of this “offended” component leads to a lack of oxygen in the blood, physical weakness.
Rabbit fat benefits
Rabbit fat, i.e. The interior, which surrounds the internal organs of the animal, has remarkable nutritional and taste qualities. Its main advantage is low cholesterol, due to which some people reduce their meat intake.
The benefits of the product in its rich chemical components involved in strengthening the immune system, ensuring the supply of saturated acids responsible for the full functioning of human organs. The number of saturated, monounsaturated fatty acids and polyunsaturated acids (even arachidonic - omega-6) is almost equal. Such proportionality is not found in any other animal. As part of a lot of extractive nitrogenous compounds - substances that affect the mouth-watering taste of the product and stimulate the production of digestive juices.
The components of lipids are fatty acids, whose role is to fully ensure the synthesis of the structural components of cell membranes, which is called the coefficient of efficiency of metabolizing essential fatty acids (CEM). Rabbit fat has an indicator of CEM more than chicken and beef, which demonstrates its high quality, biological importance. Structurally, it has a similarity with a bear one, therefore its price is high.
The indisputable advantages include environmental friendliness of the product. The organism of "Ushastik" subtly reacts to the action of biological agents, microbes, viruses, and the pesticides and herbicides supplied with food do not accumulate in them. For this reason, they are often used for laboratory research.
Harm of rabbit fat
It is worth noting that despite the remarkable dietary and healthy properties of the product, no one has canceled individual intolerance. So people should be careful not to provoke an allergy. The nitrogenous extractives mentioned above can cause harm. The fact is that they contain purine bases that form uric acid. With large accumulations, uric acid provokes gout, inflammation of the joints (arthritis), and in children - neuro-arthritic diathesis (neurasthenia, metabolic disorders, skin rashes).
Use in traditional medicine
The fat obtained from the rabbit is a medicine known since ancient times, in folk medicine it is highly valued. Cold treatment will be faster if you arm yourself with this component:
- with coughing - taking thrice daily 1 tbsp. l inside one hour before meals,
- from sore throat, bronchitis - chest rubbing,
- for otitis, warm up to 30 - 40 ° C, carefully bury in the sore ear or make a compress.
It is excellent to combine the product with honey, but not to heat the honey in any way, this benefit will become significantly less.
The grease also smears the wounds (but not those that fester!), Places of severe itching to contribute to the healing and repair of tissues, replacing with homemade baked butter from cow's milk.
Burn wounds cause a lot of trouble, and homemade ointment can help them to drag on faster. To the warm mass of melted rabbit product and beeswax, put as much honey, the tool is ready. Store the ointment in a cold place.