Alfredia wilted is a perennial herb of the Astrov family. The stalk is furrowed, arachno-woolly, straight, branchy in the upper part of the plant. Its diameter is approximately 5 cm, its height reaches 2.5–3 m. The leaves of Alfredia are large, oblong-ovate. Flower baskets of greenish-yellow color, drooping - hence the epithet "drooping."
The flowering period of Alfredia wilted comes in July-August. Habitat is small. This is Central Asia and some areas of mountainous Siberia. The ataman grass grows in meadows, glades and forest edges.
Chemical composition and indications for use
The phytochemical composition of this plant has not yet been sufficiently studied, but scientists have already managed to detect a group of biologically active substances — flavonoids, sterols, amino acids, phenolcarboxylic acids, carotenoids, polysaccharides, tannins, tritiepene compounds, macro- and microelements.
Thanks to its powerful and majestic appearance, the plant has received another name - Ataman grass and is widely used for decorative purposes. However, few people are aware of the beneficial properties of Alfredia. Meanwhile, this plant has been used since ancient times to treat the following diseases:
- various nervous and psychological disorders, diseases of the central nervous system,
- frequent dizziness,
- panic attacks,
- in schizophrenia and epilepsy, Alfredia, wilted, is used in the form of medicinal fees with other medicinal plants,
- gastralgia (gastric neuralgia),
- various skin diseases and rashes,
- joint pains of various etiologies.
It has been proven that Alfredia, who has suffered, has a tonic, analgesic, antioxidant, nootropic, anticonvulsant and diuretic effect. Various remedies based on extracts of ataman grass relieve emotional and nervous tension, anxiety, panic and fear, stimulate the activation of mental activity, help improve memory, increase the body's resistance to stress.
They are inherent in all parts of the plant - that is, its roots, leaves and flower baskets. Harvest Alfredia drooping, usually during the flowering period.
The following recipes are used in folk medicine:
- A tablespoon of crushed roots pour 0.5 liters of boiling water, insist for two hours, then strain. The resulting decoction to take half a glass three times a day as a tonic.
- For headaches, epilepsy, 1 teaspoon of inflorescences pour 200 ml of boiling water for 40 minutes. Take three times a day for a quarter cup.
- When enuresis and gastralgia a tablespoon of leaves and inflorescences of Alfredia dipped pour 0.5 liters of boiling water, then hold for about 20 minutes in a water bath. Drink a half a glass of decoction half an hour before meals two or three times a day.
- For various skin diseases, diseases of the joints, as well as to accelerate the healing of various wounds, the use of compresses and lotions based on the decoction of the roots, leaves and inflorescences of alfredia leaned is recommended.
- Decoction of the plant can be used as a substitute for tea. To do this, a teaspoon of inflorescences is poured with boiling water and allowed to infuse.
Contraindications to the use of ataman grass
The main contraindication is individual intolerance.
Of course, in itself, the use of decoctions for serious diseases will not bring the desired effect. But in combination therapy with other drugs, the regular use of alfredia can make for quite good results.
- 1. Description
- 2. Growing
- 3. Diseases and pests
- 4. Reproduction
- 5. First steps after purchase
- 6. Secrets of success
- 7. Possible difficulties
Alfredia is a little-known representative of the Compositae family. High, up to 3 meters, perennial herbaceous plants in the wild are common in the fir and mixed forests of Siberia. They can be found in the mountainous regions of Altai, where powerful shoots of Alfredia rise among the rare undergrowth or adorn the rocky slopes open to all winds.
Alfredia is an unusual and, because of this, a very ornamental plant, suitable for the background of the garden. It can be grown in a container, especially since the rhizome of the plant is rather short. However, the size of Alfredia introduces significant limitations: a large area will be needed for an adult specimen.
The second name of the plant - Ataman-grass. Botanists disagree about its origin. However, one of the versions relates it to the dominant position, which Alfredia occupies due to its height among other herbaceous plants of the region.
The stem of adult Alfredia is thick, its diameter at the base is about 5 cm. The upper part of the stem is branching. The surface of the shoots is covered with grooves and woolly patina, resembling cobwebs. Lower basal leaves are long, up to 50 cm., Notched, jagged, with a long petiole, a pronounced central vein and a slightly wavy edge. Upper stem leaves are sessile, oblong, covered with white-white bloom from underside. Flowers appear in early July. Large, collected in baskets, they differ greenish-yellowish, dark purple, brownish color.
Alfredia is not only a good honey plant, its stems and flowers are used in medicine as a tonic, diuretic, nootropic agent.
Seeds are sown in containers placed in a warm room in March. Before sowing requires soaking in water for three hours. After that, the seeds are planted in the ground to a depth of about 2 cm. With the maintenance of normal temperature and humidity conditions and sufficient lighting, seedlings appear after two weeks. Grown up seedlings are carefully transplanted into the open ground at a distance of 50 cm from each other. Planting time - the end of May or the beginning of June, when the threat of frost completely disappears and the soil begins to warm up. Grown from seed Alfredia blooms in the second or third year. The life of the plant is about 6-7 years.
First steps after purchase
Before buying, you need to make sure that the plant is healthy, not infected with pests or fungal, bacterial infections.
After the purchase should sustain a short period of acclimatization. Interrupt watering for this period is not necessary, the plant needs moisture. However, the new conditions should be taught gradually. For example, if the plant in the nursery was in partial shade, it is absolutely not recommended to immediately put it in an open, brightly lit place. The best option would be to stay in the sun for short, but with each day increasing periods of time.
Alfredia wilted - a rare plant with a wonderful healing future.
Alfredia is the euphonious name of a plant, some kind of exotic, mysterious. When I heard it, I had associations with a magnificent palm tree from tropical islands. Almost the same as the word “watercolor” for Shchukar’s grandfather, who unknowingly interpreted him as a “beautiful girl”. Despite all my sympathy for Shchukar’s grandfather, I nevertheless decided to replenish my knowledge about this little-known plant. But the more I learned, the more mysteries arose.
Start at least with the name. The correct botanical name of this plant. Alfredia wilted (Alfredia cernua) of the Astrov family. In the place of Shchukar’s grandfather, I would treat it this way: the family (the Astrovye) is a surname, many-many plants carry it with similar traits, the genus (Alfredia) is a patronymic, under it are combined plants within their family with narrower related characters, the species (drooping) is the name of a given plant, which may have similar brothers and sisters with other names.
So why the "Alfredia"? In the academic multi-volume work "Flora of the USSR" in an article devoted to Alfredia (vol. XXVIII, p. 39), it is noted that "... the genus (Alfredia) is named after a personal name." But to whom it is dedicated, is not given. Usually the Latin names of plants are assigned by the scientific community in honor of the famous botanists, natural scientists. And since, among those with the name Alfred, besides Alfred Ressell Wallace, who put forward the theory of changing species through natural selection along with Darwin, others are not known, it can be assumed that Alfredia is named after him.
And why is drooping? With this word, the imagination draws some stunted budylyk with drooping leaves. Nothing like this! Alfredia, who is drooping, is a powerful perennial herb 2.5–3 meters high, with a strong stem, which at the base is up to 5 cm in diameter, with long (up to 70 cm) oblong-ovate leaves and large (5 cm in diameter) floral baskets. These baskets explain everything - they look down, as if bowing their heads. Hence the name - drooping. And it is good that it is down (and where else can they look from such a height!), Otherwise we would not be able to see all their beauty. And the beauty is in their singularity: a large head wrap is imbricated, multi-lined, the marginal flowers are yellow-green, and the central ones are very thick and long (up to 2.5 cm), sticking together in one direction, resembling trickles from the shower.
Undoubtedly, it was thanks to the power and the rise of alfredia over all the other herbs that she received popularly called ataman grass. The origin of another local name - brachikos - now hardly anyone can explain. Perhaps it is based on an “oblique shoulder” - the bushes strongly branch in the upper part and the branches (shoulders) move obliquely. Or maybe (I like this version more) originates from the "mow shoulder". When Alfredia came across mowing grasses, she could be mown with great effort, leaning on a braid with her shoulder. Who knows. In a word, the plant looks completely uncomfortable, but very cheerful. However, Alfredia inspires cheerfulness not only by its appearance. Herb and roots have long been widely used in folk medicine as a tonic and painkiller in nervous medicine, in nervous diseases, dizziness, and also in collections for neurasthenia, schizophrenia, epilepsy, enuresis.
Why is such a noticeable plant little known? Yes, because its habitat is very small: the mountains of Siberia (Altai, Sayan Mountains, Mountain Shoria, Kuznetsky Alatau, Salairsky Ridge) and Central Asia. Only there you can find Alfredia in the taiga and subalpine zones, in sparse fir and cedar forests, in tall grass meadows, among thickets of bushes. In all reference books and online encyclopedias in articles devoted to Alfredia, write: "The composition has not been studied." How so? Why is recognized by traditional medicine plant deprived of the attention of scientists? The answer was found nearby. Tomsk scientists - Inessa Vladimirovna Shilova and her colleagues already in our millennium conducted research on the chemical composition of the aerial part of alfredia. The content of the following groups of biologically active substances was found: flavonoids (quercetin, kaempferol, apigenin, etc.), phenolcarboxylic acids (vanillic, coffee, etc.), sterols, polysaccharides, amino acids (valine, lysine, treptophan, etc.), carotenoids, triterpenes compounds, tannins, macro - and micronutrients.
It has been scientifically established that alfredia extracts exhibit antioxidant, nootropic, anxiolytic and diuretic activity. In other words, they reduce emotional stress, weaken anxiety, fear, anxiety, improve mental activity, stimulate cognitive functions, learning and memory, and increase brain resistance to various damaging factors, including to extreme loads. And since it is now known that antioxidants slow down the aging process, then undoubtedly, drugs based on Alfredia will soon be developed, and in this regard, it has a great future.
But gardeners who are interested in rare plants can, without waiting for the appearance of Alfredia on the pharmacy shelves, now grow this remarkable plant in their own fields. Moreover, this representative of the mountain flora has adapted well to the conditions of the plain, which was promoted by the research of botanists, including Valentina Pavlovna Amelchenko, who devoted a quarter of a century to the study of alfredia in the Siberian Botanical Garden of Tomsk State University. Alfredia is successfully grown in many botanical gardens in Russia and abroad (for example, in the city of Jena in Germany).
Grow alfredia is quite simple. It is not demanding on the soil and wintering conditions - it does not need shelter. It only needs good illumination and sufficient soil moisture, especially in the initial period of growth. You can sow in a box in March-April (seedlings landed in June) or in the ground in May. Before sowing, seeds should be soaked for 2-3 hours, since they are rather large, and they may not have enough soil moisture to swell. Seeds are buried on a pigeon 2 cm. Shoots appear after 2-3 weeks. The distance between plants should not be less than 50 cm. Part of the plants will bloom in the second year, the rest in 3-4 years. Flowering occurs at the end of July - beginning of August, seed ripening - in a month.
As a medicinal raw material in Alfredia, leaves and flower baskets are harvested in the flowering phase. They are dried in the shade, crushed and stored in paper packaging for 2-3 years. In everyday life used in the form of tea: 1 teaspoon of herbs per cup of boiling water. Anyone who is interested in this useful and beautiful plant, I will willingly send you the seeds of Alfredia. They, as well as the seeds of more than 200 other rare medicinal, spicy plants, vegetables and flowers can be ordered from the catalog. It is enough to send a marked envelope - in it you will receive a catalog for free. My address: 634024, Tomsk, ul. 5th Army, 29-33, mob. t. 8913-8518-103 - Gennady Pavlovich Anisimov. The catalog can also be received by e-mail - send a request to E-mail: [email protected] The catalog can be found at http://sem-ot-anis.narod.ru.
Gennady Anisimov, Tomsk
Secrets of success
Alfredia is extremely demanding. For it, only regular watering and good lighting are important. The soil should always be wet, especially when it comes to young, not yet mature plants. Adult Alfredia can do without watering for some time, however, it should not be allowed to dry out completely.
Sunlight is the second important component of Alfredia’s intensive growth and beautiful flowering. In its natural environment, the plant prefers light forest, mountain slopes and meadows, well lit by the sun. In a culture it is necessary to provide the same conditions, otherwise Alfredia will lose a significant part of his magnificence.
The composition of the soil for the plant is not important, it is perfectly acclimatized on sour and neutral soils, it grows on rich organic matter and on poor, barren land.
In dry weather, Alfredia’s foliage may collapse, lose its turgor. In this case, it is necessary to check the soil moisture level and adjust the frequency of watering - most likely, the reason lies in the lack of moisture. Planted seeds may not germinate for a long time for the same reason: soil moisture is not enough for them to swell and sprout sprouts. However, it should be understood that overflow is also dangerous. As a result, rotting of the plant roots may begin.
With a lack of sunlight Alfredia bloom may be late, the flowers that appear will be small, inconspicuous. You should move the plant to a more sunny place.
Subscribe and get descriptions of new species and varieties in the "flowering (garden)" section on the mail!
Description and preparation
Alfredia wilted has a short rhizome with a lot of adventitious roots, an upright powerful pubescent stem from 1 to 3 meters tall, lower ovate-toothed leaves with long petioles, medium lyre leaves with short petioles and upper sessile leaves. Alfredia leaves have spines and spines at the edges. In July-August, Alfredia blooms with large drooping yellow flowers-baskets.
As a medicinal raw materials are used roots, grass with leaves, flowers Alfredia drooping. Harvesting herbs and flowers produced during flowering: collected and dried in the shade under a canopy or in a well-ventilated area. The roots are dug up after the plant has faded: cleaned from the ground, cut into pieces and dried in the same way as the grass. Harvested raw materials are stored for no longer than 3 years.
Alfredia wilted is not a pharmacopoeial plant and is not used in official medicine. However, scientists are actively studying the pharmacological properties of Alfredia dipped and come to the conclusion that the extracts based on it are capable of exerting a stress-protective, antioxidant, diuretic, antihypoxic, analgesic, anticonvulsant and tonic effect. Научно установлено, что экстракты растения проявляют ноотропную и анксиолитическую активность, то есть способны оказывать стимулирующее воздействие на высшие функции мозга и увеличивать его устойчивость к чрезмерным нагрузкам, а также могут подавлять чувство тревоги, страха, беспокойства, эмоционального напряжения.
Противопоказания и побочные действия
У альфредии поникшей не выявлено особых противопоказаний, кроме индивидуальной непереносимости, однако применять растение лучше после предварительной консультации с лечащим врачом. Также не рекомендуется прием настоев травы детям, беременным и кормящим женщинам.
Composition and properties
Alfredia is poor: rich in flavonoids, coumarins, phenols, sterols, carotenoids, simple phenols, cinnamic, chlorogenic and vanillic acids, organic acids, polysaccharides and other valuable substances. Due to the composition of Alfredia, the drooping has: analgesic, anticonvulsant, diuretic, nootropic, antihypoxic, antioxidant, antidepressant, adaptogenic and tonic action.
In folk medicine, Alfredia is recommended when:
- nervous system disorders (depression, anxiety, etc.),
- panic attacks,
- joint pains
- wounds, skin rashes, skin diseases.
In addition, Alfredia improves memory and cognitive functions of the brain.
Infusion for headache:
- 1 tsp inflorescences of Alfredia dipped,
- 200 ml of boiling water.
Fill the inflorescences with boiling water, let it brew for 40 minutes and strain. Drink 1/4 cup three times a day. Also, this tool is recommended for epilepsy. Infusion of flowers Alfredia can drink instead of tea.
- 1 tbsp. crushed root of Alfredia
- 500 ml of boiling water.
Fill the root with boiling water, let it brew for 2 hours and strain. Drink 1/2 cup three times a day.
Broth with gastralgia and enuresis:
- 1 tbsp. inflorescences and leaves of Alfredia
- 500 ml of boiling water.
Fill boiling water over Alfredia, boil it in a water bath for 20 minutes, let cool and strain. Drink 1/3 cup 2-3 times a day 30 minutes before meals.
For diseases of the joints, skin, as well as wounds, infusion and decoction of the plant is used in the form of lotions and compresses.
Alfredia drooping (Alfredia cernua) - a plant of the genus of perennial herbaceous plants Alfredia (Alfredia) family Asteraceae (Asteraceae) or Compositae. The genus includes 7 more species of plants, among which the most famous are Alfredia Acacia (Alfredia acantholepis) and Alfredia Snow (Alfredia nivea).
Perennial herb - alfredia drooping - has a short rhizome with numerous adventitious roots. Alfredia's stalk is powerful, thick and straight, hollow, grooved, covered with thick, soft, silky, curly pubescence. Some plants reach 3 meters in height, but more often Alfredia grows up to 1-2 meters.
The lower leaves of the plant are ovoid, oval or elliptic, long-petiolate, up to 50 cm long, green on top, bare, on the bottom white-beloved. The middle leaves of Alfredia are lyrate, smaller with a short winged petiole, the upper leaves are sessile, stalky. The edges of the leaves of Alfredia are drooping, with spines and prickles.
Numerous drooping baskets of Alfredia reach 5 cm in diameter, they have a multi-row wrapper with numerous leaves. Alfredia's corolla is naked and yellow, the tuft is multi-lined.
The formula of the flower of Alfredia, dipped - H (pappus) L (5) T (5) P (2). The fruit is a dry, gray-brown achene.
Preparation of raw materials
Medicinal raw materials are the grass of Alfredia dipped, baskets and roots of the plant. Leaves and baskets are harvested in the flowering phase, which occurs in the July-August months of Alfredia. The roots are harvested after flowering, they are pulled out, cleaned of earth and stones, and cut into pieces. Raw materials are laid out in a thin layer and dried in the shade or in a well-ventilated area. Dried Alfredia store kept for 2-3 years.
According to a study on the pharmacological activity of alfredia, the plant has an antidepressant, nootropic, anxiolytic effect. Specialists from the Research Institute of Pharmacology of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Tomsk, tested extract of alfrediya in mice. Experiments have shown that the extract of the plant exhibits a stress-protective and antihypoxic effect, prevents adrenal hypertrophy and prevents ulceration in the stomach. The stress-protective effect, according to scientists, is due to the adaptogenic effect of the extract. Alfredia extract normalizes the behavior of animals in the open field on the background of the transferred stress. The healing properties of Alfredia diarrhea are not well understood, but the plant has already been recognized as a promising source for the development of pharmacological agents.
Use in traditional medicine
Alfredia, wilted, has found wide application in traditional medicine. Infusion of the roots of the plant is used as a tonic. With broths and infusions of Alfredia, they treat various diseases of the central nervous system, nervous and psychological disorders, neurasthenia, panic attacks, frequent dizziness, and gastric neuralgia (gastralgia). Alfredia herb is believed to help against fainting and enuresis, joint pain and epilepsy. Decoction of plants - an effective tool that stimulates the cognitive functions of the brain, improves memory and increases learning ability. As an external remedy, Alfredia, wilted, is used for various skin rashes.
1. Lavrenov V.K., Lavrenova G.V. "Encyclopedia of medicinal plants of folk medicine, St. Petersburg, Neva Publishing House, 2003 - p.15
2. Mustafin R.N., Shilova I.V., Suslov N.I. "Antidepressant and anxiolytic properties of the extract Alfredia cernua", "Plant Resources" t. 47 vol. 3 - s. 130-136
3. Mustafin R.N., Shilova I.V., Suslov N.I., Kuvachev N.V. et al. “Nootropic activity of extracts from wild-growing and cultivated Alfredia dipped”, Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine, Vol. 150, No. 9, 2010 - p. 302-304