Chickens are the most sought-after poultry. They can be found on private farms and huge farms. The presence of chicken in the land is always fresh meat and eggs, rich in vitamins and protein.Chickens in the farm
It is this factor that made the breeding of such poultry a very profitable occupation.
We select youngsters
Young chickens recommend buying in the spring. The age of the hens should be between 4.5 and 5 months. And knowing which chickens carry the largest eggs will help make the right choice.
Young animals are usually selected on the basis of the following characteristics:
- Productivity: A good egg should be laid all year round.
- Climate requirements for breeding: it is necessary that the hen adapts easily to any weather conditions. It is necessary that chickens have inborn tolerance of frost and cold.
- Pretentiousness in nutrition and care. For the well-being of the hens, they are provided with high-quality food and comfort.
- Hatching instinct, which is very similar to the parent.
- Character feathered so that different individuals can get along with each other under the same roof.
- Indicators of survival, disease resistance and health.
It is best to purchase chicks from good and reliable suppliers. For egg chicken breeds are characteristic:
- low weight
- dense plumage
- well defined scallops and earrings
- fussiness and mobility
Growing hens without walking
In order to ensure proper bird care, you need to know everything about laying hens. Their permanent detention in special cages does not provide for walking pets in the wild. The size of such grids will obey the number of birds in them. On one square meter usually place 7-8 grown up individuals. With more laying hens, cells are lined up in tiers.
For the stands, a welded network with small cells is used, or a rabits with metal rods and a double bottom. The material is attached to the frame structure at an angle. And below they install a plywood, slate or polycarbonate tray, which then will have to be cleaned from litter twice a month. To keep egg production high, additional light is transmitted to the cells.
Drinkers can be nipple or vacuum. The cells inside are constantly cleaned, the rooms with them are ventilated, the feeding places are renewed, the daylight is increased, they try to avoid moisture and drafts, they maintain optimal humidity and seasonal temperature.
The most productive egg birds are red laying hens. For their best performance, their diet should consist of:
- proteins that are rich in bone meal, cake and legumes
- energy fats found in oats and corn kernels
- components of succulent feeds - carbohydrates: their supplier is also whole crude grains
Chicken can be fed with ready-made feeds or mixtures that are cooked by yourself. Birds in cages provide food 3 or 4 times a day. In the daytime they give juicy food and greens, supplements from vitamins and minerals, and in the morning and in the evening - grain.
Such breeding provides for a territory for walking birds and a chicken coop. If all this is done indoors, then chicks will be able to rest on the roost, and in the range. With the street version of this content, the area for walking is surrounded by a net, thus forming an open-air cage that is 2–3 times the size of a chicken coop.Chicken coop device
The free-standing construction can be stationary or collapsible. Chicken coop with ladders, nests and perches made of boards or plywood.
Chicken coop device
The part in which the chickens will carry, equip:
- ladder or ladder
- drinking bowl
- feeding trough
In addition, the chicken coop is equipped with a roof and insulated with an entrance and walls. If you do not do the door, then the inlet will look like a canopy. Nests are covered with chopped straw and low boards are installed in front of them. Feeders are best installed outside.
Arrangement of the perch for quotes
The bird seats in the hen house are made of wood. On such perches the hens will not freeze. Strong and dry sticks for this must be straight and comfortable. To make it easier to clean the room, roost is made removable. But it still has to be securely fastened so that it does not spin. Poles are placed in 2 or 3 tiers at different heights. Seats for chickens should be 50-70 cm away from the floor.
How to care for birds
When breeding chickens, their cages are kept clean, the birds are provided with free feeding, a suitable area, good and fresh food and water, the necessary light, and also protect them from dampness and drafts.
To feed the birds give mash and feed with proteins, food debris, watermelon rinds, extra grass. In the morning and in the evening it is possible to offer grain to the layers, and in the afternoon - greens, additives and mash.
Chicken diseases and getting rid of them
Alas, chickens can often hurt. To avoid this, they carry out prophylaxis in the form of disinfection even before the launch of the bird; pets are fed only with everything fresh and of high quality, and they are also given mineral and vitamin supplements.Hens treatment
But despite all the precautions, chickens can still suffer from such diseases as:
- Tuberculosis that is not treated at all, but hygiene in poultry houses will help prevent it,
streptococcosis, get rid of it through an antibiotic. Patients individuals are isolated from healthy.
- Typhoid, which is killed by ampicillin, and infection is prevented by disinfection and isolation.
- Poisoning, which only help to avoid the freshness and quality of food of birds.
- Newcastle disease, for its prevention, they use disinfection of the site and seeding the infected.
- Arthritis, which relieves all the same ampicillin. His preventive measures: dry bedding and good nutrition.
- Ascites, its prevention - providing chickens with greens.
- Salmonella, which is treated with ditrevitom or tetracycline.
- Heteric acidosis. From it get rid of using piperazine. It also prevents thorough wet cleaning.
Sample hen breeding business plan
In drawing up this project, they take into account the complete absence or a very small percentage of the death of a bird in the first years of starting a business. Production efficiency will be subject to breeding conditions, feed, breeds of chickens, seasonal weather and the number of individuals in the poultry houses. The experience of the poultry farmer here will also play a crucial role.
Is it profitable to engage in chickens
To make profit from breeding poultry it will be necessary to spend the budget for:
- any unexpected expenses that exist in any kind of business
- purchase of medical supplies, minerals, vitamins and feed
- consumed electricity for additional needs
- building materials
- young stock purchase
The benefit can be derived from:
- litter sales
- chicken sales
- sales of eggs themselves
The effectiveness of the described enterprise in the absence of unforeseen circumstances will be 30-100 percent.
In conclusion, you can finally determine what is still subject to egg laying hens. So, this feature depends on:
- poultry farmer practices
- possible diseases of birds
- power supply
- breeding conditions
- breeds of chickens
We should not forget that the egg production will be more efficient if the birds remain calm. Therefore, it is so important to protect them from all kinds of stress.
Chickens began to carry large eggs - in the video:
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Common signs of chickens oviparous breeds
All types of egg breeds of chickens combine permanent characteristics:
- average weight 2-2.5 kg
- tail with long feathers, large wingspan,
- lobes and scallops of scarlet color,
- move a lot
- no sign of eggs hatching,
- the opportunity to carry eggs comes by 5 months,
- Eat a lot, especially calcium-containing foods.
Characteristics for comparing product quality
Improved types of egg-laying chickens are produced by selection. For a long time, research has been able to increase egg production, improve the constant characteristics of poultry and the quality of products at the output. The main characteristics when comparing the quality of egg-bearing breeds of chickens are the following:
- high egg production,
- egg weight
- shell density
- unpretentiousness in food,
- good health,
- appeasable temper.
Selection varieties of chickens have the necessary qualitative characteristics.
Choice of laying hens for breeding
Breeding chickens laying eggs is different from breeding poultry for meat. For layers, you need to create the most comfortable conditions. One chicken requires at least 1 square. m of free space. However, when choosing egg breeds of chickens, one should not be guided by fashion trends, but by long-term practical experience of farmers, the qualitative characteristics of the breed:
- endurance - the ability to survive in the winter cold,
- egg production,
- susceptibility to avian diseases and third-party viruses.
It is not recommended to purchase elite breeds of layers that are demanding to care. In some breeds of such chickens, egg production is significantly lower compared to unpretentious layers of domestic breeds. It is better to choose egg-bearing varieties that do not belong to the elite category. Such birds are endowed with an important quality for laying - high egg production. It is much easier to keep normal layers.
When breeding egg varieties in the home yard, preference should be given to the most egg-bearing species.
Leghorn - the progenitor breed of all modern layers
The very first breeding species of egg chickens became leggorn. Bred began in the late 19th century by Italian scientists. Originally, the leggorn was not the egg-breed itself. Thanks to repeated crossbreeding with American and European chickens, scientists registered a base population, which later became the benchmark for breeding the most egg-laying chickens.
Leghorn - champions in many indicators characterizing the production of eggs:
- 400 eggs in 12 months.
- One egg weighs up to 450 g.
- Maximum yolks in one egg - 9.
Leggorny possess and constant characteristics:
- the ability to lay eggs from the 20th week,
- laying eggs throughout the year
- one individual is able to lay up to 310 eggs,
- the weight of one egg can reach 64 g,
- female weight is up to 1.7 kg
- male weight - up to 3 kg,
- chick breeding productivity up to 90%.
Eggs are white or brown in color. The hens of the egg-breed itself are distinguished by a shallow constitution, a wedge-shaped body, elongated back. They are small, but unlike other chickens, they are tall. The females have scarlet earrings and a scallop, which is always tilted to the side. At males it is located directly.
Leghorn chickens carry the largest eggs. The most popular species are individuals with white feathers. They can live in any suitable conditions, unlike chickens. But the brown eggs of pestles diverge well in retail outlets. Therefore, farmers create the most favorable conditions for the breeding of variegated leggorn.
Leggorny unpretentious in food. In addition, they consume very little feed, which immediately goes to the formation of eggs. Leggorn not fatten for meat due to the low yield of finished products. If in a farm, carcasses can be processed into animal feed, for a household it is better to purchase meat-egg breeds.
This breed of chickens has a disadvantage, because of which it is better to breed leggorn on equipped farms: birds do not tolerate noise.
Loud noises cause hysteria in chickens, they can throw themselves on the fence and cause themselves injuries. On some large farms, breeders turned on classical music to restore the emotional balance of the leggorn. As a result, after 8 hours of “musical” procedures, they began to sweep by 8–10% more.
White Russian - improved leggorn
For the first time the breed was introduced in 1953. White Russian has resistance to diseases affecting poultry. Snow White (as often called this kind of farmers) quickly adapt to low temperatures. Young individuals are able to survive with a decrease in the optimum temperature for them by 8-10 degrees Celsius.
White Russian produces 260 eggs per year. Pitsy small. Mass average chicken 2 kg. This species of leggorn is the most productive breed among egg hens.
Lohman Brown - the most egg breed
In order to improve the productivity of egg breeds of chickens, breeders create crosses - crossed individuals of related breeds. Crosses are endowed with excellent features:
- high performance eggs
- sustainable immunity against avian diseases,
- ability to adapt to difficult living conditions.
Birds are carriers of a particular gene that is responsible for dwarfism. The weight of a small bird is 1.5 kg. Despite the small mass, they are very prolific and you can get about 260 eggs from one bird in 365 days, with an average weight of 60 grams. The first clutch occurs at four months of age, and by the age of six months they receive large-scale products.
For mini leggorn it is typical to impose demands on the food supply. The lack or excess of nutrients has a negative impact on the overall health of the young, which is characterized by slower metabolic processes. The excess of protein components leads to bending of the fingers, then the young fall to their feet and lose their ability to move. It is necessary to carefully observe the balance on the content of all trace elements, and the protein should be easily digestible by the body of chicks.
This breed is used to produce environmentally friendly products in Switzerland. Dominants can grow both experienced and novice breeders. Chickens are distinguished by their endurance, perfectly adapted to different climatic conditions. They live well in heat and severe frosts. Another feature can be called undemanding to the feed base. Dominants can get useful elements from any low-grade blends. The breed has a good immune system, not susceptible to colds and viral diseases. Bird diseases can be tolerated very easily and get better quickly with proper treatment.
Egg production is 320 pieces for 365 days, the average weight of one egg is 70 grams. If you give the birds a balanced diet, you can achieve high productivity.
The breed is German. Breeders conceived breeding of a breed with high egg productivity and adaptation to the most diverse conditions. From one layer, you can get about 320 eggs in 365 days with an average weight of up to 65 grams. Egg period begins at 21 weeks, the peak is fixed at 30th. The first laying is characterized by medium-sized products, but gradually it increases in size. The shell is a dark color.
Lohmans have gained their popularity due to their unpretentiousness to maintenance methods; any climate zone is suitable for them and at the same time productivity is not lost. But the composition of feed mixtures in combination with the number of feedings can affect egg production. With any changes and violations noticed a noticeable decline in the number of products.
From birds receive large products. The advantages of the breed include the presence of strong bones, well-developed maternal instinct, and the fact that chickens practically do not degenerate. The breed was named after the plant of the same name, and the second word recalls the anniversary of the enterprise. The breed is domestic and does not have significant drawbacks. From Kuchinsky chickens get more than 200 eggs per year. Oviparous period is terminated only during the change of feather cover. The average weight of one egg is 55 - 60 grams.
It is important to know. For anniversary chickens, overfeeding is dangerous as soon as the bird begins to overeat as its egg production decreases. The bird needs a balanced feed with a sufficient amount of protein and mineral complexes, fresh grass, vegetables and dairy products.
These birds are very loved by farmers for a good immune system and immunity to helminth infections, fungi. There are two types of white highsexes and brown. Both are egg varieties, but the Browns are more productive. From white birds get up to 280 eggs for 365 days with an average weight of one egg about 65 grams. White Hisexam must carefully develop a diet and do not forget about mineral supplements.
Browns show a higher productivity of more than 320 eggs in 365 days, an average weight of about 70 grams.
It is important to know. Hisex Brown reacts sharply to temperature drops. If the temperature rises sharply, the bird begins to consume less feed. It will not affect the number of eggs, but it will affect quality. Browns require grain as one of the components of the feed.
The breed is a success of German breeders. On the territory of our country they began to be bred not too long ago, already in the XXI century. Our scientists have worked on rhodonites to improve their productive qualities. Средний вес птицы около 2 кг, они наделены особенностью к быстрой адаптации к любым климатическим условиям и неприхотливы к кормовой базе. Продуктивные качества не будут зависеть от температурных показателей, даже при низких значениях от одной несушки получают около 300 яиц за 365 дней со средним весом одной штуки в 60 грамм.
Родонитам необходимы определенные условия:
- ceilings in the chicken coop should be at a height of at least 1.7 meters,
- the room must be equipped with a draft-free ventilation system,
- optimum temperature indicator of -2 + 26 degrees,
- one chicken must be at least 0.5 square meters,
- It is recommended to feed with special mixtures with the presence of vegetables, green mass, fodder chalk and mineral additives. You can give feed and wheat grain.
The result of the work of scientists from the United States. Birds have excellent productivity, besides they are almost omnivorous. The average weight is about 1.5 kg, the egg-bearing period lasts 2.5 months, but during this time you can get about 350 eggs from one bird with an average weight of one piece more than 65 grams.
Russian white chickens
Refers to domestic breeds. For breeding, birds were used showing high productivity and individuals with high body mass. The Russian breed is distinguished by a wide dorsal region, massive chest and strong muscles. You can get 240 eggs from one bird for 365 days, the average weight of one piece is about 60 grams. Roosters weigh 3 kg, chickens from 2 and more.
Pushkin breed of chickens
Birds have a motley striped suit, feather with a white padding. The breed is characterized by a calm character and easy adaptation to various conditions. Chickens are characterized by good survival rates. For the year from one bird you can get up to 200 eggs with an average weight of one piece about 60 grams.
Minorca - large eggs and aesthetic appearance
An original looking breed that farmers often plant for aesthetic reasons. Black plumage, bright red comb and large white earrings give chickens and roosters an impressive view. For industrial breeding, the breed, alas, is not suitable, since It is very demanding to the conditions of detention, and therefore continues to remain in the courtyards of small kurovod.
Breed of laying hens Minorca
In addition to good egg production (up to 200 eggs per year), the minor can boast a delicate taste of meat, very early ripening of the young, and most importantly, simply giant chicken standards (up to 80 g) eggs. This breed has one more advantage - the chickens rush almost irrespective of the season. The breed was specially selected for carrying the largest eggs in a dense shell.
The disadvantages of the breed include its effeminacy: in the frosts, scallops and legs are easily exposed to frostbite, the minor pants do not tolerate high humidity, drafts, or cold.
Tetra SL - a modest laying hen
The cross of Tetra SL, not so common in small farms, however, has good egg production rates - 300–310 eggs per year. Externally, the Tetra chickens most closely correspond to the patterned concept of the pied chicken.
Tetra SL - breed of chickens
Rushing, with appropriate feeding, all year round almost every day. For the regular laying of eggs, it is necessary to provide enough calcium in food and light in the places where birds are kept. Lay dark brown eggs weighing 64-65 grams. Often this hybrid is considered as meat-egg, because meat tastes good and chickens quickly gain mass, but, like all egg breeds, not too big.
Tetra SL Chickens
A big plus is the ability to sort chickens by gender as early as one day old (by the color of fluff). Chickens have a pale yellow or dark brown color, a neat little comb, a small head and body shape, short tail tail. Males aged chickens are white, gray or black. Growing up, most of them fledge in white or white with separate black patches of roosters.
The role of lighting and air temperature in chicken production
Let's sum up
Choose the breed of chickens, which you will breed, you need on the basis of the following considerations:
- breeding goal: for family and friends, for the periodic sale of eggs, for the uninterrupted production of egg products,
- the area allotted for breeding chickens,
- conditions of keeping: cellular, captive or mixed content of birds is supposed to be adjusted,
- the region, its climatic features, the degree of adaptation of the selected breed to these conditions,
- availability of chickens of the selected breed, both in price and, if possible, reach near your site.
We wish you success in breeding chickens of egg breeds
Only having carefully thought out all the nuances of the future breeding and having organized premises for keeping chickens, having read the detailed literature on the breeding of the selected breed, it is worth buying the young. Under these conditions, laying hens all year round will delight you with large, beautiful and even eggs.
Breed Hisex Brown
The breed Hisex is an egg-laying hen, which can be of two types: White and Brown.Breed Haysex - this is an eggplant
Features of these chickens:
- high and stable egg production
- adapted to free range,
- have good resistance to diseases
- can get their own food on the site.
The breed Hisex Brown has a small but strong constitution, a bright comb, a yellowish-brown plumage, and sometimes white feathers on the feathers. The birds are beautiful, they love a lot of space in the courtyard and in the henhouse, active. Their weight does not reach more than 3 kg. Layers are usually less than half a kilogram than roosters. This breed quickly gets used to the neighbors, never rebel.
Breed Hisex early begins to rush. Once these chickens turn 20 weeks old, you can collect eggs. Young individuals perish very little, as they are very tenacious. A hen can lay 250-300 eggs in 12 months. The egg itself is large, with a white or brownish shell.
The hen lives and regularly rushes for two or three years, after which the individual grows old and the egg production declines. The rooster is able to live up to five years.
The meat of these birds is not famous for anything good, it is tasteless, badly chews and resembles rubber.
Dutch chickens are grown for both meat and eggs. For 12 months, the hen gives about 150 eggs, while they are small - up to 50 g.
- This decorative breed has a white crest, but in order for it to be white, it must be systematically washed.
- These individuals are whimsical, do not like dampness and moisture, do not tolerate dirt, so they always need to maintain cleanliness. They will not live in cramped and in the neighborhood, especially with simple chickens.
- The breed is subject to diseases, and if one individual gets infected, then it threatens an epidemic throughout the brood. Chickens are not distinguished by their survival.
Poultry farmers always look at the crest of an adult before buying chickens. The larger and more magnificent it is, the purer the breed, which means that the meat and eggs will be of higher quality.
There are a huge number of breeds of chickens with white plumage. It seems that the choice is difficult to make, but there are those that are very popular among poultry farmers.
Among white chickens are in demand:
- Russian white,
- white leggorn
- white loman,
- Hisex white.
Russian white breed has a movable neck. The hen's crest hangs to the side, and the cocks have a regular and leaf-shaped one. The beak is strong and yellow. Yaytsenosit begin five months after birth. For 12 months, give about 200 eggs of white color and medium size. The chicken itself weighs no more than two kilograms. The meat is tasty, dietary.
White Leghorn is a highly productive and unpretentious breed. They are cold-resistant, and normally tolerate heat. In 12 months they can produce up to 350 eggs. Chickens themselves are low, ridges are red (hang down on layers), white plumage, some may have black blotches.
Bely Lohman is a subspecies that arose after crossing white Leggorn and Lohmann brown. The hen has a snow white plumage and a clear ridge. During the year, it carries up to 350 eggs, and the weight of the hen does not exceed one and a half kilograms. Rushing in four months.
White Hisex - a small chicken, mobile, loves free range. Feathers are snow white. After 150 days already lay eggs. Up to three years give about 250 eggs, then productivity begins to decline. Eggs are large, white and suitable for dieters, because they have little cholesterol.
This is a medium sized individual with a small head. It has a leaf-shaped comb of bright scarlet color. To breed this breed, breeders crossed a large number of different chickens. As a result, this egg-and-meat chicken, weighing about two kilograms, appeared; the rooster can reach four. The plumage is different, gray and black shades prevail.
This breed is very calm and friendly. Mothers do not leave nests. After 6 months, begin to give large-sized eggs with a cream shade. For the year, one layer brings about 260 eggs. The meat is soft and tasty. But this breed will rush only with good care.
The best breed in Russia
By the number of eggs in Belarus, Russia and the Moscow region, some breeds of laying hens are valued. These individuals are very productive, start to rush early.
- Hisex. Productivity - 250-300 eggs, each one weighs 60-70 g.
- Loman. For the year carries more than 320 eggs weighing 50-60 g.
- High Line. Gives about 250-300 eggs, their weight - 60-65 g.
- Bovans. Produces up to 250 eggs, they are 50-60 g.
- Isa-Brown. High-performance breed - 300-350 pieces weighing up to 65-70 g.
- Tetra. Carries about 200-250 pieces per year, weighing up to 50-60 g.
- Super Nick. Capable to carry up to 280 pieces, weight - 55-60 g.
- NOVO-genbraun. For the year gives up to 300 eggs, weight - 60 g.
Each house chooses the breed that is most suitable for it. However, it takes into account many nuances.
Chickens giving the largest eggs
The breeds of laying hens are huge, but not all of them are distinguished by a large egg size. This may be due to the care and the breed itself.
Large eggs are individuals of such breeds:
They all differ in that the weight of eggs varies from 60 to 70 g. Of course, the origin of the bird is of great importance, but even the owners should not neglect the care of their brood. These birds love well and often eat, so you need to monitor the regularity of feeding.
Be sure to give them a free-range home and in no case keep them crowded. It is important to monitor the cleanliness of the hen house, as well as the neighborhood of the rocks. Some of them do not tolerate someone else near, and this can also affect the performance of the bird. All these nuances are important, and they should know all novice poultry farmers.
It must be remembered that high-performing chickens are only up to three years of their life, after which the quality of eggs decreases. It is necessary to rejuvenate the pack.
Tips for beginner poultry farmers
Beginners should prefer unpretentious breeds. It is better to choose those that do not require special care for themselves, are ill little and have good egg production.
They should be started by all novice poultry farmers. These chickens take root in different conditions, easily adapt to changing weather conditions. But if the poultry farmer has a desire to get high performance, then attention should be paid to:
- the size of the room
- temperature in the hen house (especially in winter),
- equipment nests and perches,
- installation and equipment of drinking bowls and feeders.
It is also necessary to monitor the condition of chickens, and if a weak, lost appetite individual is noticed, it must be isolated from the general flock so that it does not infect everyone else with any disease.
Laying hens are special types of hens that were bred to produce large numbers of eggs. These breeds require little for themselves, but are distinguished by good egg production. Experienced poultry farmers know how to choose the right individual, and as a result receive a good income.
Chicken broken Brown refers to the meat and egg direction. They can be grown in a poultry farm and in small private estates. Chickens quickly gain weight with a relatively small feed intake, which makes this type attractive for commercial purposes.
Cross was bred using Plymouth and Rhode Island breeds. Cross broken brown was registered in 1970 in Germany and got its name thanks to the name of the company "Lohmann Tierzuht", which brought it out. These birds have spread widely across the continent due to their productivity. The weight of the males is slightly more than that of the chickens — about 3 kg. Chickens have a calm disposition and get along well with other species.
Loman Brown has a fast weight gain. At 5-6 months, chickens reach sexual maturity and can carry eggs. The period of good egg production lasts from two to three years. The period of maximum egg production lasts about 80 weeks, and then it is advisable to let the chickens with meat and replace heads with young.
Chickens of this cross-country are undemanding in care and tolerate even extreme cold, and quickly adapt to almost any climatic conditions. But there is an important condition for their maintenance - enough space: with a small area for living, they begin to lose productivity. Under good growing conditions and full compliance of the breed, the vitality of the breed will be 98-99%.
The main characteristics of chickens broken brown can be seen in the table below.
Breed of chickens Adler silver: features, reviews about
Chickens laying the best breeds for home and garden, we offer you a list of the most productive and easy-to-care laying hens for you to choose the best for yourself. Understandably, when choosing the right chicken, the first thing is to think about the goals that were set before the purchase. Therefore, if you are undecided, or you are a novice at all, you need to explore all the positive and negative sides of each cross. Also, for the first time you can try to breed meat egg breeds of chickens, because with them you get both meat and eggs. But if your goal is egg production, then choose the most productive one.
The hens of hens mature very early and start the production process from the age of 4-5 months. What other differences from other areas, meat and mixed:
- Miniature. Chicken weight rarely exceeds 2.5 kilograms, about 3 kilograms of roosters.
- Great activity due to rapid metabolism.
- Since the laying hens lay eggs about once a day, they need a lot of nutrients, hence their good appetite.
What else does egg production depend on? From genetic predisposition, in each chicken there is a certain number of eggs that originate during the formation of the embryo, and now this factor will not change. Of course, a lot of things still affect this process, for example, diseases of laying hens can significantly reduce their productivity, and proper nutrition, on the contrary, increases it. But with all other things being equal, it is the number of eggs that affects the most. The number of eggs is designed for a life expectancy of up to 15 years, but for the reason that after 3-4 years the turnover drops sharply, not many people turn out to live to that age, most are allowed under the knife.
Efficiency of layers at one poultry farm, table
The most productive chicken in the entire history of observations, has become - a hen named “Princess” of the Leghorn breed. Its figure was 360 eggs per year. This is very good considering that, on average, its relatives produce up to 250 eggs per year.
Loman Brown breed description:
Very productive chicken, per year can reproduce up to 300 large (60+ grams) eggs. They begin to rush at a very young age, already at 4 months of life. The most productive age starts at 6 months and lasts less than two years, after which it subsides. The length of the egg-bearing period is the main drawback of Lohman Brown, it is significantly shorter than other competitors.
These chickens were loved by summer residents and for their unpretentiousness to the conditions of detention, they equally endure both cold and heat. Not demanding to feed, can eat almost any. They also carry well even when kept in cages, which is why they are so often kept in large poultry farms and in households.
Leggorn description and photo:
This is a champion in average productivity among layers. Leghorn chickens went through many stages of selection before such a powerful breed was obtained. These chickens are most often used on large and not very poultry farms around the world.
There are several subspecies of leggorn, but white ones are considered the most popular — they produce up to 300 eggs a year, weighing just under 60 grams. Chickens are very small, barely reach a weight of 1.7 kilograms, the weight of roosters is about 2.5 kilograms. By the 4th month, the leggorn begin to lay eggs, the most productive period lasts about a year, after which the turnover slows down significantly.
Egg hens: how to choose the best?
In poultry farms, as soon as this period passes, the birds are sent for slaughter, since the profitability of their maintenance falls.
Most often they are kept in cages, there they feel quite well, the main thing over which is to work this proper lighting, otherwise their egg production will fall and very significantly. Since the chickens are very small, even in comparison with other egg breeds, they also consume very little feed, which their owners especially like, as it allows significant savings. But here, clean and fresh water should always be in drinkers in sufficient quantities, it is also a very important aspect.
Rhode Island Breed Chicken Description:
This breed is considered to be mixed, the meat is egg breed, because in their size they are very different from layers, and in productivity they differ from meat breeds. Петухи весят аж под 4 килограмма, вес курицы поскромнее, но также впечатляет до 3 килограмм. Если вводить в рацион достаточное количество зеленых кормов, то они вырастают максимально большими.
- Продуктивность — 160-180 яиц за год,
- Вес яиц — до 65 грамм,
- Когда начинают нестись — на 7 месяц,
- Процент выводимости — 75%.
Тепло относятся к этим курочкам фермеры из — за их неприхотливости, маленькие и не обустроенные курятники, их не пугают. Even in winter, while ensuring satisfactory lighting and warmth conditions in the room, they are able to carry eggs successfully. Diseases of chickens, they are not afraid, they have very strong immunity, especially in comparison with the young of other crosses. But breeding chickens, chicks do not know how their instinct in this regard is very weak, and this is their main drawback.
Minorca, excellent layer:
Several crosses of this orientation were bred, but the most popular is the British version of the minor. They are rather large, cocks reach a weight of 4 kilograms, the hens weigh up to 2.5 kg. They are kept both for meat and for the production of eggs, which by the way are simply gigantic sizes up to 80 grams! Of course, young birds rush only with eggs up to 60 grams, the enlargement occurs gradually. But bad luck, young chickens produce 170 eggs a year, and those who are older than only 140, but larger ones.
They do not like sudden changes in air temperature, productivity often suffers from this. Dry and warm poultry house the key to success in breeding Minorca.
Minorca in the aviary photo
Description of the cross:
The look of these birds is truly aristocratic, they have a very typical and noticeable pattern on the neck. The color palette of the breed is very diverse, it all depends on the subspecies. But the most common is considered Colombian color, as in the photo.
- Weigh - 2.5 kilograms of females, and 3.5 kilograms of roosters,
- Egg weighing up to 58 grams
- Begin to be born in the fifth month of age,
Since susexes very rapidly gain weight, and their egg production falls in winter, they are very often allowed under the knife at this time of the year, and in the spring they begin a new cycle.
New Hampshire Chickens.
This American breed was bred on the basis of the Rhode Island chickens, but with slightly reduced growth rates, the weight of the rooster is about 3.6 kilograms, and the weight of the female is about 2.5, but then they do not have such a brutal appetite as their cousins.
They are also not considered to be clean layers, because they are bred, including for the sake of meat.
- Directionality - egg meat,
- The color of the plumage is yellow with a golden hue.
- Egg production for the year -185-200, weighing up to 58 grams.
- Can be used for breeding purposes, for hatching eggs with egg production up to 270 eggs per year.
- Content - up to 3 years, then there is a significant drop in productivity, and chickens are slaughtered.
Birds get along very well with other representatives of the compound, do not conflict, they are resistant to weather changes. But to feed they are demanding, if you feed only feed, then you should not expect high rates.
Russian white chicken:
Back in the USSR, this cross was bred, the Leghorny roosters were taken as the basis, while the females were representatives of the local areas of egg crosses. Representatives of the Russian white, distinguished by their impeccable color, it is considered the benchmark of the breed, the birds are not large cock weight about 2.2 kilograms, females weigh even less than a little more than one and a half kilograms. The testicles are also not large, up to 56 grams in weight, but the performance is quite good, about 250 per year.
They do not feel well in closed rooms, so they are not suitable for keeping in cages, for maximum performance they need constant walking in the fresh air. Humid air is also harmful for the Russian white chicken, so in the house it should not exceed the threshold of 70%. Subzero temperatures are also harmful, even at -2 ° C their egg production is reduced, and the scallop is likely to freeze.
Chickens laying Belarus 9:
This cross was derived specifically for the conditions of the middle band. After 4.5 months, they begin to produce eggs. These birds are very economical and consume little feed, because very small, the female weighs up to 2 kilograms, the weight of the rooster is about 2.5 kg. But the productivity is very good, up to 250 eggs per year weighing up to 60 grams.
Hybrid cross tetra.
These chickens are related to egg meat, they are quite large, cocks up to 3 kilograms, females weigh 2.5 kg, but their egg production is quite good, about 240 eggs per year. Sexual maturity does not occur very early, at about 7 months. But it is appreciated by the taste characteristics of its meat, so after a drop in productivity they are allowed under the knife, meat is used in restaurants and at home, the dishes are incredibly tasty.
Content of laying hens video:
As you can see, the best breeds for the hen house are the most productive: Lohman Brown and Leggorn, but there are many other crosses and species that are slightly less productive, but with different advantages, therefore, approach the choice issue very carefully and make no mistake. And on this we say goodbye to you, wish you good luck in the poultry industry, because without poultry, and the country house for such a colorful, and the pastime is not so interesting!
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Hello, dear Customers!
Prof. Incubation LLC has been successfully importing live daily turkey (www.kupi-induka.ru) since 2011 and during this time we have sold over 500,000 turkey poults in more than 15 regions of Russia. But our clients constantly ask us a question: are we still working with any bird other than turkey poults? Now yes. In 2017, we made a decision to expand our products and offer you the laying hens of the meat-breeding direction “Kyrgyz colored” breed. It was not by chance that we chose this particular breed (for more details about the characteristics, see the catalog here). This bird is perfect for domestic poultry farmers who keep farmsteads in different climatic regions: from cold to hot. The bird is very well adapted to temperature fluctuations, which becomes very relevant, looking at the weather in recent years. It is not whimsical in its content and is perfect for seasonal maintenance, i.e. those people who keep the bird in the warm season, and in the winter the bird will delight you with tasty and healthy meat. The chicken carcass reaches 2.3-2.8 kg. This is convenient, because the cost of feed the bird will repay you a high-quality egg, and the meat will provide an additional bonus.
It is this breed of birds that we recommend to beginners in the poultry industry: it is very unpretentious in maintenance and resistant to diseases. In order to completely eliminate your possible risks, the proposed bird has lifelong immunity to such common diseases: Newcastle disease, viral bronchitis of chickens, Marek's disease, Egg Reduction Syndrome (EJS), Gambor's disease. Immunity is guaranteed through vector vaccination of parent flocks and daily poultry in an incubator with highly effective and safe imported vaccines. This veterinary event is constantly monitored by highly qualified veterinarians and accredited state laboratories.
In order for our customers to get a guaranteed effect on egg production, we recommend that you use our highly balanced feed mixtures for meat-breeding poultry of the Kyrgyz Color breed.
Breeds of chickens with the largest eggs
We guarantee the quality of the feed and the result. In the absence of a result - we will refund your money.
Your layer will be healthy, highly productive in eggs and meat.
With the prices of goods you can find in the section "Prices". Your attention is invited to a non-age category of goods: from 1 month to 4 months of life. Laying eggs begins to bear from 4 months of age.
Delivery of goods to regional centers is absolutely free and is carried out on schedule.
Prepayment for poultry and feed is not required. All calculations upon receipt.
We are happy to answer your questions by phone. 8-905-117-33-33 or email [email protected]
Sincerely, Prof. Incubation LLC
Do you want to make a room for laying hens with your own hands? Easy!
See our instructions.
Full review of the chicken coop and all stages of construction, see here.
Hens - Layers Customer Reviews - Irecommend
Humanity still puzzles over what it was before: the chicken or the egg. However, in the XXI century, this issue has acquired a slightly different color.
Choosing the best egg breed of chickens: especially the content and breeding
Now an increasing number of entrepreneurs are interested in the question: “What is more efficient: raising chicken for sale or for selling eggs?”.
From this question we can make one correct conclusion - in the profitability of breeding chickens, as a business, no one doubts.
The content of the article:
Due to the fact that chickens are poultry with unpretentious temper, their breeding turns into a simple and not time-consuming business.
To open your own poultry farm, neither large investments, nor deep and comprehensive knowledge in the field of animal husbandry is needed. In conditions of limited free financial resources among the population, the idea of breeding laying hens for egg sales is very attractive and expedient.
How to organize the work of the chicken farm
Many entrepreneurs, working both in rural areas and in the city, in recent years have begun to be interested in chicken breeding activities.
If we take into account the existing volume of egg production, the attractiveness of the market for new “players” and the low threshold of entry, we can conclude that competition in this industry is very high.
However, novice businessmen should not be upset:
- In our country, chicken eggs are a very popular product: a year, one average adult consumes up to 292 eggs.
- The structure of the population by age shows that the adult population of our country accounts for about 100 million people.
Primitive mathematical calculations will show that The consumer market in Russia is huge. The demand for organic products obtained in a natural way will be constant.
When drawing up a proper business plan, an entrepreneur can start his activity from a small chicken coop and in a few years to grow to the realization of eggs at an industrial level. When performing calculations for a business project, you need to pay attention to all the nuances and build a long-term development strategy.
Next, we present the main points that entrepreneurs should focus on when starting a business.
The choice of premises and conditions of detention
The first step in the organization of business is the choice of land. The room must be selected, based on your current financial condition.
Coop is easy to build with your own hands. For these purposes, you can use cinder block, slate and boards. It is only necessary to warm the room properly.
Thanks to the weatherization of the floor in winter, it is possible to ensure that chickens will be born all year round.
When building a room for a chicken coop, you should pay attention to the following requirements that will lead to high productivity of hens:
- Birds in the chicken coop contain cellular or outdoor method.
A very good placement option is to install the cells using the battery method. For economy it is better to make cages with your own hands. When organizing a large chicken coop, you need to equip a spacious poultry house, divided into sections.
- Ceiling height should not exceed 2 m.
- The room must have natural ventilation and have sources of daylight.
In addition, in the hen house you need to carry out artificial lighting. Light day of the chicken falls on the period from 06:00 - 19:00, which will have to be compensated for by the electric backlight in the winter time.
- Disinfection is periodically carried out in the hen house.
For these purposes it is enough to paint the walls and the floor with lime.
- According to experts, it is desirable to have an entrance from the east side of the hen house.
- Also need nesting places and roost.
One nest must be installed for 4 layers.
- For walks, you need to organize a fenced area, which will be adjacent to the chicken coop.
Critical temperatures for laying hens are: negative values in the winter season + 27 degrees in summer.
With a significant decrease in temperature frostbite of birds may occur. Reaching maximum marks will cause a sharp reduction in egg production in chickens.
Independent study of special literature will help you create the most comfortable conditions for living and breeding your pets.
On the organization of the business of breeding laying hens for eggs at home on the example of a small farm, look at the video:
Purchase of livestock birds
It is worthwhile to start buying the hens only after equipping the room and going through the state registration procedure.
The success of the whole enterprise will depend on the right choice of cross country..
- and mixed cross country chickens.
According to experienced entrepreneurs, when organizing a business of breeding laying hens for the purpose of the subsequent sale of eggs, the best choice would be the purchase of egg cross.
His most famous representatives are:
- Loman Brown,
- Kuchinsky anniversary
These breeds of layers are the most productive.
Breeding chickens can begin with the purchase of young or eggs. The most effective and fast way of breeding is to start a business with young.
In the case of buying chickens at the age of 3-4 months, the return on investment will occur much faster. Due to the fact that egg cross hens begin to be born from the age of 5 months, the cost of buying and maintaining birds will pay off as quickly as possible.
The price of chicks at the age of 3-4 weeks is 100 rubles. Juveniles younger than 4 months cost approximately 300 rubles per bird. To buy chickens, professionals advise in industrial incubators.
Birds are recommended to be bought in spring during the breeding season.. Herds of parents should be organized on the basis of the ratio: 1 rooster for 10 chickens.
The main fertility factors of laying hens are:
- Comfortable and warm room.
- Proper and constant diet.
The first item we reviewed above. Now we will focus on the features of nutrition.
It is worth noting that the profitability of the business will be at a high level when purchasing ready-made feed. However, in order to save money, a novice entrepreneur can organize a bird ration himself.
By calculating the daily ration for one bird, it is necessary to make bulk purchases of feed and make a reserve for several months in advance.
The following ingredients should be included in the laying hen’s diet:
- various root vegetables
- food waste,
- bone flour,
- green grass and lettuce,
- seashells, small gravel and sand.
A hen eats up to 120 grams of feed per day. In the year the rate of consumption of feed for 1 chicken will be only 44 kg.
In case of bulk purchase of cereals, in-house preparation of grass and leaves, the monthly rate of expenditure per hen will be within 30 rubles.
Why are novice entrepreneurs recommended to start breeding rabbits for meat? How quickly will the initial costs of the project pay off?
In this article we will discuss the implementation of which business ideas in rural areas can be started from scratch or with minimal capital investment.
An example of a financial plan for the breeding of minks is given at http://svoy-biznes.com/biznes-idei/selhoz/razvedenie-norok.html. How long does the initial investment pay off?
Is it profitable to create a mini chicken farm at home?
The egg obtained when breeding laying hens at home has a greater market demand than the factory one. It is more nutritious and has a more natural yolk color.
The business is notable for a low threshold for its organization and an insignificant level of current expenses:
- Youngsters aged 3-4 weeks costs 100 rubles.
- Its maintenance will take 30 rubles a month.
- After reaching a mature age (the cross begins to give eggs from the age of 5 months), the hen will produce up to 25 eggs per month.
- The minimum egg production rate of 1 layer per year is 250 eggs.
- The minimum price for a homemade egg - 4 p.
On this basis, one hen will generate 100 p. per month.
Chicken cooporganized at home will not only pay back the initial investment in a short time, but also make a good profit.
The advantage of home breeding eggs for eggs is that the demand for their products always exceeds supply.
It is also worth bearing in mind that the breeding of chickens has other “by-products” for which there is a great demand:
- Dietary meat, feathers, dung - the profit from these products is not taken into account when drawing up our business plan.
- In a home farm, it is also advisable to breed and sell young stock.
After successful start there will be many areas for business expansion.
Payback calculation example
In order to guarantee a successful start of the project for the breeding of laying hens to eggs, it is necessary to adhere to a rational approach when drawing up a financial plan.
For example, there is no need to purchase cells. It is best to breed birds in conditions as close as possible to the natural environment.
The need for a spacious chicken coop will appear in the case of large values of the initial population of birds. In this case, you will need to divide it into at least 20 blocks. Each unit should have one parent flock of 11 birds.
Calculations are based on the number of birds in the 220 heads (20 roosters and 200 hens).
Costs (accounted for to the maximum) –169 200 rubles per year.
- Land lease - up to 20 000 r.per year in the countryside.
- The construction of the chicken coop - 30 000 p.
- Purchase of young stock - 22 000 p.
- Expenses for feed - 6 600 p. per month (79 200 rubles per year).
- The cost of lighting and heating in the winter - 3 000 p.
- Veterinary inspection - 5 000 p. in year.
- Other expenses - 10 000 p.
Revenues (accounted for at minimum) - 160 000 r.
A total of 200 layers after reaching the age of egg production will begin to produce 20025 = 5000 eggs per month.
Income from the sale of eggs will be - 50004 p. = 20 000 p. per month.
For the first year income will be 20 000 p. 8 months = 160 000 rubles.
The project will pay off within 8.5 months from the moment the hens begin to give eggs. Current expenses will not exceed the threshold of 8,100 rubles per month.
On this basis, the rate of net profit before taxes will be 11,900 rubles per month. The net profit of the project per year after taxation, but excluding “by-products”, will be 130,000 rubles.
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The main problem for buyers is actually finding a quality product among different manufacturers. This is really not a simple matter. Buying chicken in the market, it is not always possible to return. And in the store a poor-quality product, although reluctantly, will take it without any problems. The chicken should look athletic and elastic, not watery and soft. Often chilled chicken has an unpleasant medical smell. Everyone understands that the chicken smoked antibiotics. As well as many people know about the different horrors, what come to different manufacturers of chicken meat, but buyers close their eyes and continue to eat chicken almost every day. By the way, supermarkets are also not without sin, most of them work for the principle “production without waste”. If the chicken was not sold on time, then they would repack, install a new datta and put it on the counter again. If the chicken has not been sold, then it is transferred to the cooking department, and there they know what to do with it further. I would advise all the same to buy from friends homemade chicken, or who has the opportunity to grow properly.
Most egg breeds of chickens with photos and descriptions
In purchased stores, cooled chickens do not give much benefit, and besides they are grown on hormones. But I also do not adhere to this. I buy and shop chickens, and I prefer the Nasha Ryaba brand. In its raw form, it has the corresponding color of meat, but sometimes there are feathers on some places. When boiled, both meat and broth taste and look better and juicier than other brands I have tried. For roasting in the oven, I always take “Nasha Ryaba”, it is soft and juicy, and with homemade meat it turns out a little tough.