Queen Anne - an early ripe potato variety (Solanum tuberosum) for table use. It was developed by German specialists of Solana GmbH & CO KG in cooperation with Saka Pflanzenzucht GmbH & CO KG. More recently, in 2015, 3 years after the filing of the application for admission, was included in the state register of selection achievements of the Russian Federation. Zoned in eight regions of the country: North-West, Central, Volga-Vyatka, Central Black Earth, North Caucasus, Middle Volga, West Siberian, East Siberian. It is famous for its excellent commercial appearance of tubers, high yield and resistance to mechanical damage. Can grow on any soil suitable for the cultivation of potatoes.
The period from germination to full maturity is 80-90 days.
The plant is of medium height, stem type, semi-upright, sprawling. The leaves are quite large, closed, dark green in color. Leaf plate covered with fine hairs, veins clearly expressed. The flowers are white, numerous, collected in large beaters. Anthocyanin coloration of the inner side of the corolla is very weak or absent.
On one plant, 6-16 fairly large commodity tubers weighing 84-137 grams, sometimes up to 150 grams, are formed. They have an elongated-oval regular shape, flat surface. The peel is strong, yellow color, smooth to the touch. The pulp on the cut is yellow, with a dense structure. The eyes are small, superficial, almost invisible.
The commodity yield of potato Queen Anna, according to the results of state tests, is 113-304 centners per hectare, at the level of Luck indicators and 35 centners per hectare more than the results of Arosa. With the first digging, on the 45th day after germination, it was possible to collect 56-140 centners per hectare, and with the second, on the 55th day, 82-215 centners / hectare. Both results are at the level of established standards. The largest amount of the crop was obtained in the Republic of Mordovia - 495 centners per hectare were collected per hectare, 58 centners per hectare more than Arosa. For an early ripe variety, this is indeed a very impressive result, and it is precisely because of this that our hero has gained quite a lot of popularity in the short period of his existence, ousting some other more “older” varieties from the market.
Marketability of tubers at a very high level - 82-96%. Queen Anna can rightly be considered a “noble” potato because of the excellent appearance of its tubers - they are equal in size and weight, as in the selection, the correct shape without flaws, with bright yellow skin and inconspicuous eyes. All of this in general makes them just ideal for sale on store shelves. In addition, the tubers have excellent keeping quality - 93%. They can be stored for a long time without losing their consumer and product quality.
The taste of our hero on top! The tubers are medium-sized, in the finished form retain their shape, look very neat. In addition, the flesh does not lose its rich yellow color, so the finished dish looks very appetizing. The picture is complemented by a wonderful, truly “potato” flavor. As for the taste itself, it is without bitterness, moderately sweetish, very pleasant and full-bodied. The flesh is of normal consistency, without excessive dryness or wateriness, it contains about 13.1-14.4% of starch. Tubers are suitable for the preparation of absolutely any dishes, but in the best way they will manifest themselves in fried and baked form, as well as in salads, soups and vegetable mixes. They are also excellent for deep-frying and mashing. In short, this type of kitchen is good in everything!
Plants feel great on any type of soil, in a wide variety of climatic latitudes. Of course, the best yield can be obtained on light fertile soils, but with proper agrotechnology it is possible on heavy soils with poor nutrient composition. In the care of the plants are unpretentious, however, if you show a little attention to them, they will generously reward you! Below are brief recommendations for growing a variety.
- Experts recommend pre-germinating tubers of Queen Anne before planting, as they have a pronounced dormant period. This event will significantly improve the germination and slightly reduce the growing season.
- Planting is carried out when the soil warms up to + 10-12 ° C and the danger of frost is over. Some sources recommend planting tubers even later, in warmer soil, but not every gardener can afford it because of the peculiarities of the region’s climate.
- Before planting, it will be useful to pick tubers with anti-pest and disease agents, and also to treat, if desired, growth factors.
- You can grow potatoes by any technology, most often it is Dutch or traditional. You can also experiment with the methods of cultivation under straw, in high beds and even in bags.
- Plants do not need to create special growing conditions, but they respond well to watering and top dressing. It is especially desirable to provide potatoes with mineral fertilizers in increased quantities, but it is not worth to overdo it with organic matter. As for watering, it should be timely. So, in the southern regions this event should be held more often, and in the north it may not be required at all. The main thing is not to allow strong drying or over-wetting of the soil. According to some reports, the Korolev Anna variety is quite resistant to short-term drought.
- Do not forget about the standard agricultural practices, such as weeding, loosening the soil and hilling. Prophylactic treatments for diseases and pests are also highly desirable.
- Maintain crop rotation. This will protect your plants from infection with the diseases characteristic of the nightshade. The best predecessors are crops such as beets, cabbage, zucchini, beans, cucumber, garlic, onions, green manure.
Our hero is resistant to the causative agent of cancer, golden cyst nematode, wrinkled and banded mosaic, leaf curl virus, scab, black leg, and rhizoctonia. To late blight sredneustoychiv on bottova and tubers, with timely prevention is not affected.
For several years she worked as a television program editor with leading producers of ornamental plants in Ukraine. At the dacha, of all types of agrarian works, prefers harvesting, but for the sake of it she is ready to regularly weed, pick, pinch, water, tie up, thin out, etc. I am convinced that the most delicious vegetables and fruits are home grown!
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Both humus and compost are rightfully the basis of organic farming. Their presence in the soil significantly increases the yield and improves the taste of vegetables and fruits. In terms of properties and appearance, they are very similar, but they should not be confused. Humus - rotted manure or bird droppings. Compost - rotted organic debris of the most diverse origin (food spoiled from the kitchen, tops, weeds, thin twigs). Humus is considered a better fertilizer, compost is more accessible.
Oklahoma farmer Karl Burns developed an unusual variety of multi-colored corn called Rainbow Corn. The grains on each cob are of different colors and shades: brown, pink, purple, blue, green, etc. This result was achieved by the long-term selection of the most colored ordinary varieties and their crossing.
New American developers - robot Tertill, performing weeding in the garden. The device is invented under the direction of John Downes (the creator of the robot vacuum cleaner) and works autonomously under any weather conditions, moving on uneven surfaces on wheels. At the same time, he cuts off all plants below 3 cm with the built-in trimmer.
In Australia, scientists have begun experiments on cloning several varieties of grapes grown in cold regions. Climate warming, which is predicted for the next 50 years, will lead to their extinction. Australian varieties have excellent characteristics for winemaking and are not susceptible to diseases common in Europe and America.
“Frost-resistant” varieties of garden strawberries (more often simply “strawberries”) also need shelter, as well as ordinary varieties (especially in those regions where there are snowless winters or frosts alternating with thaws). All strawberries have superficial roots. This means that without cover they freeze out. The sellers' beliefs that strawberries are “frost-resistant”, “winter-hardy”, “endures frosts up to −35”, etc. - are deceit. Gardeners should keep in mind that no one has yet been able to change the root system of strawberries.
There is no natural protection for tomatoes from late blight. If the phytophtora attacks, any tomatoes (and potatoes too) perish, no matter what is said in the description of the varieties (“varieties resistant to late blight” are just a marketing ploy).
Compost - rotted organic residues of the most diverse origin. How to do? In a heap, pit or large box they put everything in a row: kitchen remains, tops of garden crops, weeds cut before flowering, thin twigs. All this is mated with phosphate flour, sometimes straw, ground or peat. (Some summer residents add special accelerators of composting.) Cover with foil. In the process of overheating, the heap is periodically agitated or pierced for fresh air. Usually compost “ripens” for 2 years, but with modern additives it can be ready even in one summer season.
From varietal tomatoes, you can get "your" seeds for sowing the next year (if you really liked the variety). And with hybrid it is useless to do it: the seeds will be obtained, but they will carry the hereditary material of the wrong plant from which it was taken, but of its many “ancestors”.
Humus - rotted manure or bird droppings. It is prepared this way: manure is piled up in a pile or a pile, interbedded with sawdust, peat and garden soil. Burt covered with a film to stabilize the temperature and humidity (this is necessary to increase the activity of microorganisms). Fertilizer "ripens" within 2-5 years - depending on external conditions and the composition of the feedstock. The output is a loose homogeneous mass with a pleasant smell of fresh earth.