General information

How eggs of different breeds of ducks hatch


In the spring, the good owners who are engaged in the cultivation of poultry, the question is what to do with the gathered eggs. If this issue is easily solved with chicken eggs, since they can be used as food, then duck eggs will be suitable for sale. More rational and far-sighted poultry farmers will think about raising their offspring on their own, rather than spending money on it. Some have homemade or factory incubators for this purpose. But you can go on about the nature itself and help the duck sit through some nice chicks.

If a hen has a strong instinct, she herself should take care of everything. You will need only a little help and adjustment. Here, you saw that the duck is behaving restlessly and every now and then tries to retire. She has already found for herself a dark nook under the roof, or even a simple nest, where she laid eggs and in every possible way tries to protect this place from other relatives, residents of the state court. Then she sits down on several of her own eggs, and for the first two days or two she sits without getting up. This is the time to notice the time when she leaves for food and lay more eggs in the nest. As a rule, the number of eggs in the nest is odd. Ideally, a duck can warm under a 20 eggs. Everything is clear and understandable here, and caring owners need to provide their hen with nutrition and safety, if necessary, with the right temperature (if the weather is very cold, for example).

If it is clear that the duck has a desire to sit on the eggs, but there is no perseverance, simply a bad instinct, you can try to help her in this. It is worth warning that this can be difficult.

For incubation and incubation are suitable eggs that are not more than ten days, which were stored in the dark and not in the refrigerator. Externally, they should be of normal size, free of defects and without dirt (litter).

Nest preparation

Nests can be made of any materials, as long as they are not standing on the ground or on the street in cold weather. A crate, basket, or basket is filled with dry soft straw or hay, having previously tamped it in the corners so that eggs do not roll there. In the center make a small indentation, where to lay down and feathers. If several hens are planned, they need to be separated from each other.

Landing duck

If the duck refuses to sit in the nest, it must be covered with a net or basket so that it has something to breathe. It is better to do this in the evening, since during the night, a quiet and quiet time of the day, she will most likely accept her fate and will obediently remain seated, even after removing the grid from her. Such an addiction can take two or three days. But we must not forget to release the duck for feeding. If it has become noticeable that, upon seeing someone sitting, it reacts violently, flapping its wings and making aggressive sounds, you can safely remove the “cage” and leave it alone with your future offspring. Nevertheless, if after 30-40 minutes after the duck got up to eat, drink and not return to the nest again, you must force it there.

Food and care for the hen

It goes without saying that eating a duck at this time will in no way affect the quality of the ducklings, but it should be more diverse and high-calorie. Seasoned poultry farmers simply give more corn so that the duck is “in the body” and can well warm up the future juveniles. It is important that the duck could always have a drink if desired. The easiest way to put the feeders next to the duck. We must not forget about the ash bath - a box with ashes and sand. In such baths the duck is free from insects. For the mandatory irrigation of water with eggs, a duck must somewhere elementary bathe or at least wet feathers.

If the process has begun, then we will be patient and wait 28-30 days. If 31 days have passed, the hen is sitting, but there are no chicks, you can safely throw away these eggs. Perhaps they were simply not fertilized or there was a failure during the incubation process.

If you have seen at least 2-3 chicks, then this means that everything is in order and it is necessary for the expected ducklings to prepare the appropriate warm place.

Terms of different types

It is difficult to say exactly how many calendar days the duck hatches the eggs, since everything depends on their size, the conditions of the hen’s, the particularities of the breed. It is the breed that is the determining factor influencing the duration of incubation of the chicks.

Muscovy ducks, they are also independent, are champions in terms of the duration of this process. Hatching ducklings from them lasts from 30 to 36 days, but it is worth noting that the duck of this breed is a very responsible hen and mother for its chicks. The first few days she selflessly sits in the nest, without leaving it, which explains the high percentage of full development of embryos and hatching. And with the same responsibility, the hen sits until the last chick is born - she rejects unfertilized eggs and throws them out of the nest.

Laying eggs at Indo-ducks begins at the end of winter and lasts 3–5 months. Then they molt and rush for about 3 months. If a bird plucks out its feathers in spring and searches for a secluded, quiet place, this is a sign that it is ready to breed. In this case, she needs help - to equip the nest and place 12–20 eggs in it (depending on the size of the duck). A feeding trough and a container with water should be placed nearby, since the hen does not move far from the nest due to its responsibility. Also for this breed it is not uncommon when a duck sits down to hatch ducks themselves.

Peking duck hatching ducks takes 27–29 days. At a time, up to 20 eggs can be placed under the hen (depending on the size of the bird), but the result does not always meet expectations. The fact is that in the Peking ducks the instinct for breeding offspring is poorly developed, so eggs often have to be given to other types of poultry, or to use a home incubator. Sometimes, before planting a duck on the eggs, the instinct of the hen is artificially provoked by laying eggs in its nest. As soon as the bird gets used, under it lay real eggs with embryos.

Peking ducks have a difficult character, therefore it is necessary to handle the hen and care for it carefully. In no case can not move the nest, as the bird will leave it immediately. Also you should not be surprised if she leaves the nest and chooses the place where her offspring will be displayed. Unlike the Indian ducks, the Peking duck hatches eggs less responsibly. She can leave the nest for a long time, which is fraught with overcooling of eggs, so the process of walking and feeding should be controlled.

Laying Features

Usually laying eggs in domestic ducks begins at the age of 6 months. Some breeds that are closer to the wild species (Indoori) may start laying from 8 months or even later, but here everything depends on the conditions of detention and the diet. If the feed contains little vitamins and protein, the laying process may be delayed, and the eggs themselves will be small, which will affect the quality and survival of the offspring.

The number of eggs depends on the age of the duck and increases incrementally.

The young bird brings an average of 20 pieces per month, gradually reaching the standard indicators: 1 egg per day or slightly less (26–28 pieces / month). Ducks rush, as a rule, at night or in the morning. Closer to dinner, the bird goes for a walk, and if it is planned to breed ducklings, then eggs should be collected as early as possible - ideally immediately after laying. Time to collect can not, because they can be supercooled.

Duck eggs are much larger than chicken eggs. Their average weight is 80 grams and they contain more fat, which can quickly overheat or overcool. Therefore, all the time when the hen will hatch ducklings, it is necessary to control the temperature and humidity level. Next to the hen there should always be a tank of bathing water with which the bird will moisten the eggs. The main thing that the bird was able to produce healthy offspring, eggs should be fresh, collected about a week before laying under the hen.

Farmer's tips

Experienced poultry farmers always achieve the best results in breeding poultry and willingly share their experiences. For example, any farmer will tell you that the quality of offspring to a certain extent depends on the diet of birds. If the feed is inadequate and unbalanced, the embryos develop slowly, and the chicks hatch weakened. On the improved diet should be transferred and future chicks.

Regarding the process of incubation, the following recommendations will be helpful:

  • if incubation occurs during the cold season, then less eggs should be placed under the duck, so that it can warm the future offspring,
  • since the ducklings do not come into the world at the same time, but in turn, it makes sense to remove dried chicks - if the animals do not pick them up, the hen can throw the nest and engage in the newly born offspring.

And in conclusion about the psychological side of the process. Like any future mother, the hen worries about its offspring and becomes very nervous. In order not to frighten her, notify the bird in advance with a voice about your arrival, and during feeding talk to her quietly, do not touch or straighten her nest.

We hope that the advice of poultry farmers, wise by experience, will be useful to you in this difficult matter.

The difficulty of choosing suitable hens

Depending on the breed, the purpose of the duck may vary somewhat. According to the official classification, two main types are distinguished:

  • meat breeds
  • meat breeds.

At the same time, there are three breeding directions, the first is aimed at breeding ducks in order to get meat, the second - meat and eggs, the third - only eggs. To implement each of the directions, you can use several breeds at once, each of which has a number of advantages and disadvantages. Not every bird can boast of developed instincts for hatching eggs, as well as feeding chicks. Based on this, it can be said with all confidence that the fact that the hen began to nest does not guarantee that it will want to hatch an egg. It is noteworthy that such behavior may be a manifestation of not so much individual qualities, as a characteristic feature of the breed. Such changes are actively manifested in artificially bred breeds, in which the instinct of incubation and procreation was deliberately suppressed.

In situations where there is a failure of the bird to incubate, you can resort to several solutions to the problem:

  • apply the incubator
  • use for breeding another breed of bird
  • find from the existing brood a bird that is predisposed to sit out an egg.

Chicken layers are the best option in order to lay a duck egg in the nest, which they will successfully see through and will not even pay attention to the fact that the drake hatched. Also for these purposes you can use turkeys, which may well be suitable for performing the function of “surrogate motherhood”. When choosing such a replacement, you should dwell on layers that are able to completely cover the laying with your body, since otherwise incubation will not have a positive effect.

A universal alternative for hatching the eggs of most duck breeds can be called the Indoout hen. It is their developmental instinct to hatch eggs, which greatly simplifies the process, since there is no need to forcibly do this in such conditions. They are also excellent "educators", so the ducklings of other breeds of such a mother feel very comfortable. The tamed wild duck is great for the natural process of breeding chicks, since its level of maternal instincts is usually at an extremely high level.

When choosing hens from existing livestock, you must first pay attention to the behavior of the bird. The ideal hen should be calm and at the same time not lethargic. The presence of excessive aggressiveness is the factor that indicates the impossibility of using the bird as a hen to hatch other eggs. It should be noted that even in the situation when the search for a suitable candidate was successful, a special “test” is mandatory. The test is to use test eggs of up to 5 pieces to test the reaction.

If a bird in the process of incubation leaves the nest only to eat or drink for several days, we can talk about the success of the experiment. In the future, the test egg should be replaced by fertilized, which is placed directly in the nest. If after such a change, the duck is sitting on eggs, then you can be almost confident in the success of the operation.

Nest preparation activities

Although the choice of a hen is the key to success in breeding chicks, it is far from the only one, because a lot depends on how well the nesting place is equipped. The nest, in which the clutch is being laid, should be comfortable, because otherwise the duck can completely hatch the eggs and in the future make it return to the already abandoned occupation will be extremely difficult.

This behavior is possible only under the condition that we are talking about breeds with a pronounced instinct of the mother, since the loss of interest on the part of individuals that are not classified as the best "parents" can lead to the fact that the eggs will not be bred at all. It is very important to track the behavior of the bird, under which the clutch was made, throughout the whole time of hatching eggs, because if you lose sight of the moment when the bird lost interest and no longer wants to hatch eggs, you can simply not have time to find an adequate replacement.

The process of preparing the nest to plant a hen on it is quite simple, and even inexperienced poultry breeders can do it. The main condition for this is to strictly follow the recommendations provided by specialists. At home, as in the wild, the duck's nest should be located in such a way that it is obscured and also hidden from prying eyes. When setting up a place where the clutch will hatch, one should also take care that it is out of reach of other animals, and also provides protection against drafts that could adversely affect the health of birds. It is also recommended to equip duck nests in such a way that they are out of direct sunlight.

Choice of hen

Selected in the hen duck, which by its behavior demonstrates willingness to brooding - seeks out secluded places, spreads a nest in peace, is calm and not aggressive in nature, but also without excessive lethargy. You can also try this trick: leave the egg laying in the prepared nest and observe which of the females will sit on the laying. Then you need to try to drive it away from there: if the bird starts to resent, hiss, spread wings, i.e. protect the clutch, this is a sure sign that the female is a good hen.

Use and another way: The selected hen is planted on 3-5 unfertilized eggs and is observed for its behavior. If during 4–5 days the duck will protect the nest, return after feeding, then the eggs should be replaced with fertilized ones. But the replacement should be done when the hen is gone - if, for example, she went to eat or drink.

Nest preparation

This is the second, equally important component of the preparation for hatching, because if the nest is uncomfortable or in the wrong place, the bird may throw the clutch and not return. Based on this, the preparation of the nest should be taken with all responsibility. As a rule, the nest is cooked in the autumn time - then the duck adapts better and will perceive it more calmly.

What and how to make

  1. The basis of the nest is usually taken quite strong box or box. The bottom is covered with soft bedding, for example, from various dry herbs, but you need to pay special attention so that there are no sharp seeds or spines among the grass.
  2. In the center of the litter is crushed, but in such a way that the clutch could not scatter over the area of ​​the nest. Do not forget that in duck laying there are from 15 to 20 eggs that are larger than chicken or turkey.
  3. Taking into account that ducks (wild or domestic) always lay a feather out of their feathers when laying, you need to make an additional layer, better also from duck down - then the duck will feel calmer. Plain or mineral wool is not suitable here - the latter can cause excitement and itching, which is unacceptable for normal incubation.
  4. When hatching in a cold time, the nest is insulated additionally, but only its part is below: this is done so that the additional insulation does not become any obstacle for the bird.

Video: how to prepare nests for ducks

Where to place

The basic rule for nest placement is a shaded and sheltered place. This rule stems from the instinct of wild ducks to make a nest in a secret place to hide from predators, which was transmitted to their home relatives.

Домашние животные неподалёку, непрерывный свет и сквозняк приведут к тому, что птица откажется высиживать яйца. Появление хищников или паразитов тоже может принудить её покинуть гнездо, и не так важно, другая ли это утка или иная домашняя птица, хорёк или крыса, которые могут испугать наседку, украсть яйцо, нацелиться на утят. Such a danger always exists, and in winter, when there is little food for “pests”, increases. Therefore, the poultry farmer needs to eliminate the gaps through which these enemies can get inside.

Summarizing the above, we note that the nest should be in a shaded place, sheltered from prying eyes, with clean, moderately moist air and a temperature of at least +10 degrees.

How to plant a duck on the eggs

Planting is carried out only after a suitable hen has been picked up, the right amount of eggs have been selected and a nest has been prepared.

Direct landing is carried out, taking into account the following rules:

  1. Daytime air temperature should not be too high.
  2. First, instead of eggs, their plaster or plastic dummies are put for about 5 days. This is done to strengthen the brood instinct for brooding.

Equally important is the quality of the testicles that will be placed under the hen. Therefore, in their selection should follow the rule: Eggs must be medium in size, free from shell defects, have the correct shape, and it is desirable that they be from healthy breeding ducks.

Egg preparation

Before laying, they should lie in dryness, without a bright light at a temperature of 15 to 20 degrees no more than 2-5 days. Separately, there is the question of washing and cleaning the future masonry - there is no consensus on this. Among experienced poultry farmers there are quite a few supporters of the fact that the eggs should be cleaned before laying, however there are many adherents of the point of view that with natural laying there is no need for this manipulation - the duck will hatch without such treatment.

How many eggs to lay

Making this decision, you need to proceed from several factors, namely:

  1. The size of the hen. If the duck is small, more than a dozen eggs cannot be placed under it. Under the bird of medium or large size, you can lay up to 25 eggs.
  2. Under the cover of the hen, all the laid eggs should hide: if some do not fit, they should be removed.

Care for hen during incubation

When the bird itself sat in the nest, you need fix this time. The first two days it does not touch, and on the third hen gently lift and sit down to the trough and drinking bowl, there are often cases when this procedure is done several times — until it rises itself for feeding. If, after feeding, the hen does not return to the clutch, it should be transferred there after about forty minutes. It happens that the bird reluctantly incubates. In this case, take a little fluff from her chest and place in a nest with two or three eggs for the sample. For four days the bird is in a locked nest, it is produced only to the stern and water. As soon as the hen begins to come back on its own, add eggs for full laying.

How many days does a duck hatch eggs

This period is determined by the breed of duck, its feeding and conditions of detention, as well as the properties, merits and degree of fitness of the eggs. The domestic duck incubates eggs for about a month — 27–28 days.

Can I put a duck on goose eggs

It is quite possible, but only under a good hen duck: she will be able to sit eggs not only of other breeds, but even of other species of birds.

Hatching is the most important process of breeding ducks, requiring proper treatment, diligent preparation and careful control. However, having fulfilled all the necessary requirements and conditions, you can be guaranteed to rely on a large and healthy recruitment in the duck family.

How to plant a duck on the nest? Fundamental rules

To seat the bird on the egg laying, you need to select the appropriate "candidate", then - to prepare the nest. The processes are not particularly complex. If there is no desire to create a nest of bricks or boards, it is possible to use a basket, box, box. Shallow containers should not be used: it will be uncomfortable, eggs can roll out.

Duck in the nest of the box

In order to properly fit the bird to the clutch it is necessary to follow a few key rules:

  1. The nest must be made soft. It should be laid with hay, unsteady straw.
  2. In the center of the construction it is necessary to make a notch: the testicles should not roll out. Excavation is not required and is too deep, otherwise the eggs roll down from the edges inward, fight against each other.
  3. When searching for a hen you need to look at the behavior of birds. Just leave the egg laying in the prepared nest - some female will take this place. If, when trying to drive away from the nest, the bird hisses, spreads its wings to the sides, in every possible way protects the clutch - she is a good mother.
  4. If the females do not want to sit on the clutch - sit selected by yourself. If she doesn’t get up and continue to sit, this is a good “candidate”.
  5. For 2 days the hen cannot be disturbed. On the third day it is necessary to carefully remove from the laying for feeding, drinking. After another 2-3 days the bird will feed itself.
  6. If after feeding the bird is in no hurry to return to the nest, it should be carefully seated by force.

Muscovy duck to cope with 20 eggs

Important! Experts recommend not to risk eggs, putting 3-5 trial unfertilized specimens. After 4-5 days the bird normally sits on the nest? Then add fertilized (15-20 pieces).

Hen search

Breeding ducks, like any poultry, is not always associated with vidis of offspring. There are breeds intended for meat, and there are - first of all, going for meat, and only then - for eggs. There are hundreds of duck breeds, not everyone has developed maternal instincts. If the female is well carried, it does not mean that she wants to sit on the clutch.

A good hen covers eggs with its body and wings.

The problem is not always in birds. An example is the Peking and Bashkir ducks. The first hardly and seldom sit on a laying, the second - do not sit a priori. These breeds were specifically bred for meat, their maternal instincts artificially eradicated by humans.

If a farmer has difficulty finding a bird with developed chickens instincts, there are 3 options:

  • use of another duck breed (musk duck will calmly sit out eggs of peking, other breeds),
  • use of other poultry (turkey, chicken will be able to sit duck egg laying),
  • use of an incubator.

With an incubator work differently. The first way is to carry out the process of incubation until hatching. This is not the best option - a large percentage of young stock will not hatch. The second method is the use of an incubator at the initial stage, until the embryos appear. Then the “warm” clutch is given to the hen. Many females are more attracted to clutching with embryos, and it is easier to find a good mother.

Incubator for indiekoy do it yourself

Incubation of duck eggs should be carried out correctly. In the article we will tell you about the secrets of incubating healthy ducklings and show you how to turn the eggs manually.

What if the hen is a different breed?

This step is optional. It is applicable only in the case when there is no good hen on the farm, which corresponds to the breed of egg laying. Then you should prefer indoutok. Among duck breeds, they are considered the best mothers, although they sit on eggs longer than others.

Chicken cope with duck eggs in the range of 8-10 pieces

If you find a good hen among the ducks does not work, switch to turkeys and chickens. Of course, turkeys are preferable - large sizes speak in their favor. The hen will dry out duck laying successfully, but due to its small size, it is necessary to lay fewer eggs. A rare chicken is able to sit on 10 eggs, and the turkey can cope with 20 pieces.

Important! After hatching, ducklings are left with their mother. But when the hen is chosen from other poultry, the young need to be taken away from the mother immediately after hatching.

Hen check

When a potential mother is selected, she must be checked. First you should watch the character. Need a calm, not aggressive bird. But excessive lethargy is also not needed.

3 testicles will be enough for test laying

If the nature of the bird meets expectations, proceed to stage 2 of the test. It uses 3-5 eggs, better than unfertilized. The bird is seated on this laying, watching the reaction. If everything is normal for 3-4 days, the bird protects the nest, returns after feeding - we replace the eggs with normal fertilized clutch. This should be done at the time of absence of the bird, when she went to feed, drink. If the duck sees the moment of substitution - it will negatively affect the desire to incubate the nest.

Landing on a clutch

Finally, the last stage is the landing of the bird on the egg laying. To start it is necessary after the completion of all the previous stages. It is important to remember that forcibly laying a bad hen on the eggs is a bad idea. If the hen is good, then you can even put eggs of other types of poultry under it - it will cope with them very well.

Eggs should be no more than 18-20, but not less than 4-5 pieces. If the bird does not want to sit on all the eggs at once, then they can be put in for 2-3 days. Gradual laying will not disturb the bird and will not disrupt the vidhid process. The laying should be increased at the moment when the bird has left for feeding and does not see the manipulations of the person with her nest. In the presence of a bird, you can place no more than 1 testicle, and you need to slip it only at the back.

Indeodine can be a good hen

Do not worry about the fact that the ducklings from the new testicles hatch later than from the old. If you correctly place new samples, placing them closer to the center of the stack, they will warm up evenly and hatch at the same time.

Important! On average, the process of incubation lasts no more than 26-28 days. With musk ducks, things can last a few days longer. Also, the period may increase in the cold season. In general, a normal vicide period can occur 35 days.

How to create a nest and sit on it a duck?

Nests suitable for hatching duck eggs are completely different:

  • brick,
  • wicker,
  • wooden,
  • willow
  • wire,
  • mounted.

Naturally, the arrangement of each type of nests has its own characteristics. But this applies only to the outer layer, the structure forming the shape of the nest. If you wish, you can do with a spacious box or a box of cardboard. For the rest - the device of the correct nest occurs on the same principle.

Step 1. Prepare the nest (from wood, bricks, wire, etc.). It should be large enough to accommodate a duck with 15-20 eggs. Dimensions should be selected in accordance with the dimensions of the potential hen. The height of the sides is at least 10 cm compared to the height of the bottom.

You can make several wooden nests at once, separating them from each other.

Step 2. You should put a layer of sod 6-8 cm thick in the prepared form. You can use ordinary earth or sand, but turf is the best option. From above the turf is covered with straw, filling all the corners with it, we crush the straw and place it as evenly as possible so that no egg can roll into a corner somewhere.

Nest must be covered with soft straw or hay.

Step 3. We lay in the middle of the construction a straw nest, twisted in the shape of a bowl. It also needs to be covered with straw from the inside, and as soft as possible. The recess should not be too deep, otherwise the eggs will roll down from the edges into the center and beat one another.

Recess in the nest

Step 4. Put a little down and feathers on the bottom of the nest. Ducks and geese usually do it themselves, but if their maternity instinct is not strongly developed, the feathers lying in the nest will “push” them to further weatherization of the structure.

In the nest should be placed a little fluff.

Step 5. We install the entire structure in a separate place from the rest of the poultry. It is advisable to choose a dark corner. The air should be clean, moderately humid, the temperature - not lower than 10 degrees. It is necessary to observe silence, so as not to disturb the hens with noise. If several nests are located in one location, they should be separated by opaque partitions. Otherwise, birds may confuse nests.

The nest should not be light

Important! Determine a good hen is very easy. Seeing the finished nest with the eggs lying in it, she immediately sits on them, gently pushes it with her beak, tries to completely close the whole laying. If the bird does not do this, it will not be able to become a good chick, and it should be replaced.

Good hen does not leave hatched ducklings

Are dirty eggs suitable for incubation? How to plant a hen on them?

Many farmers are afraid to plant a duck on the dirty eggs outside. These fears are groundless - such specimens also hatch well. But some ducks refuse to sit on them, and this can be a problem for a small farm, in which there is no wide choice of hens.

Some birds refuse to land on dirty eggs.

If no adult individual wants to sit on dirty eggs, then they can be picked up and wiped with hydrogen peroxide. But you need to follow certain rules:

  1. Testicles should be taken when the birds are walking, and returned before they return. If the hen notices that there were no eggs, and then were returned, there will be no chance of a successful vidisation.
  2. You should buy a good peroxide, because cheap often has a sharp smell. He can push the birds away. For the same reason, do not replace the hydrogen peroxide sharply smelling substances.
  3. Before the birds return from the walk, the eggs should dry. Wet specimens will not please chicks.
  4. After flushing with peroxide, the testicles can be marked with a marker to ensure they are successfully incubated. This allows you to understand whether dirty eggs are different from clean ones for the worse.

Dirty eggs can be wiped with hydrogen peroxide.

How long do duck chicks of various breeds hatch?

Breed is one of the most important factors affecting the time of the egg-feeding. Argue with this factor in the degree of influence can except the size of eggs, because it is known that large specimens hatch longer. On average, for an ordinary breed, the process takes 26-28 days. The musky breed period is delayed up to 30-36 days. Peking ducks cope in 27-29 days, but their breeding instincts are low. So in an economy where only ducks are available from ducks, it would not be superfluous to use a hen or a goose for a vidik.

Indeutout in the process of hatching chicks

Next, we consider the main breed of ducks and the approximate timing of their "work" hens. We will also give a few tips, without observance of which the term of a vyzidka may be delayed or, conversely, terminate without logical conclusion.

The term of incubation and indoutok is the longest. It reaches 36 days. The minimum period is 30 days, it is still a lot. But there is a virtue - productivity. Up to 20 eggs can be laid under the musk duck, while most other breeds are not advised to lay more than 15 eggs.

Indelique protect nest

Important! Sometimes musk ducks throw one or more eggs from the nest. Don't worry about it. The hen knows which eggs are not suitable for vidra and further hatching of the chick. She throws out instances that are not suitable for incubation.

In order for the indootout to successfully complete the entire period, she needs to be given more feed than usual. Many farmers use ash baths that contribute to a successful vysidke. It is necessary to treat the hen carefully, otherwise it risks to leave the nest. Small walks in the fresh air are also very useful (it won't hurt the eggs if the bird leaves for 20-30 minutes, but no more).

From the ordinary domestic ducks, the indoutx differs in appearance, size, and also in the characteristics of the meat. The article describes in detail how to care for chicks, the advantages of breeding, as well as what diseases lie indoutok.

Wild duck

In this breed, the incubation period is rather blurred. Because of life in the wild, individuals are influenced by many factors that influence vydky life. On average, it is 27-40 days. The number of eggs is difficult to estimate - in different individuals the process occurs in different ways.

The nest of a wild duck is a great example of how to make nests of domestic birds.

The quick completion of the vidican process is determined by the cries of the ducklings - they begin to simultaneously scream inside the shell. In the last 24 hours, the chicks begin to peck the shell with their beaks.

A farmer who breeds wild ducks should be aware of the independence of the breed. Chicks quickly run after hatching, see well, know how to swim. It should be controlled so that the young ones do not run away.

Mallard is one of the most "high-speed" breeds. The incubation period lasts 26-28 days - significantly less than that of the indoutok. Disadvantages - a small clutch (7-12 pieces) and a small weight (up to 50 g) of eggs.

Mallard with Chicks

Mallards are good mothers, reliable hens. In short periods when the bird leaves the nest for feeding, it covers it with down to maintain a favorable temperature. If the nest of reason is destroyed, the mallard can recreate it. True, then most eggs are not fertilized. So the farmer should take care of the safety of the nest.

Mallard on laying

Hatching from the eggs of the mallard usually occurs simultaneously. Ducklings appear during the day. To dry and go swimming, they have half a day.

Bashkir duck

Many farmers are searching in vain for information on how to plant a Bashkir duck on their eggs. This breed of birds does not incubate. Есть 2 варианта – укладка яиц под иную утиную породу и использование инкубатора. Для получения яиц, пригодных к инкубации, нужно оставлять до 3 уток на 1 селезня.

Башкирские утки практически не садятся на гнездо

При использовании наседки порода не играет особой роли. Яйца башкирок имеют свои особенности, вылупление происходит через 28-29 дней. Даже в случае, если высиживает мускусная особь. This period is also typical for an incubator, but the percentage of eggs that have successfully hatched will be low. Both under the hen and the incubator, 10-17 eggs are laid. The exact amount depends on how large the hen is.

Peking duck

Beijing sits on eggs for 27-29 days. This is a bit, especially given the productivity. Beijing hatch up to 20 pieces. But virtues suffer from a great disadvantage — the poorly developed instinct of motherhood. Because of him, Peking duck eggs are often placed under other breeds, even under chickens.

Sometimes a Peking duck becomes a good hen.

If the farmer wants Peking to hatch eggs herself - without an incubator it will not work. It is necessary to seat the bird on dummies to get used to the nest. Then dummies and replace with real eggs. They should be taken from the incubator, so that there are already germs inside.

Important! Experts do not recommend planting eggs at the place where she laid them. To shift them, changing the location, is also not desirable.

Duck Laying Features

To understand when to start preparing the nest and searching for the hen, you should know the "general mechanics" of laying ducks. It depends on the breed, but the differences between the numbers for different breeds are not particularly large. It is worth remembering that even duck egg breeds are inferior in the number of eggs per year in comparison with chickens. But duck eggs are much larger than chicken (sometimes even 2 times) and are much more expensive. There is a benefit in each of the cases.

Comparison of duck and chicken eggs

When does the laying start?

Different breeds of ducks at different times enter the egg-laying period. It may also depend on weather conditions, diet, living conditions, lighting of the house. In a normal situation, the first testicle appears when the duck turns 140-160 days. If there are any negative conditions (for example, it is too cold or hot), then the period may be extended up to 200 days.

In a clean, well-established house, egg-laying begins earlier.

The term can be reduced by improving the conditions of the birds. But this is not recommended if the ducks are kept for meat. Artificially approaching the onset of egg-laying should be done only when breeding ducks especially on eggs.

How many eggs per year does a duck carry?

The productivity of different breeds is quite different:

  • meat breeds are no more than 120-150 pieces for the annual cycle,
  • for meat-egg ducks, the laying size increases to 180, in rare cases up to 200 pieces per year,
  • egg breeds produce up to 220, and sometimes up to 250 eggs per year.

If we talk about the most popular meat-egg breeds (musky, Peking), then they carry up to 180 pieces under good conditions of detention, and if you keep them in a bad situation - no more than 140 pieces.


Planting a duck and other poultry on the eggs is not at all difficult. Observing certain rules, you can even sit on the laying of Peking duck, in general, not particularly positioned for motherhood.

Indeliutki on the nest

Caring for ducks, their proper feeding, walking - more complex procedures than landing on the nest. Therefore, if you are coping with the rest of the poultry care missions - it will be easy to deal with the hen. In extreme cases, an incubator always comes to the rescue. After a short incubation period, embryos appear in the testicles, and duck specimens are much more likely to sit on this already “warm” clutch.

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Suitable hen

Optional ducklings will hatch the hen itself. In the case of irresponsible laying hens, any bird from the flock can sit out. Moreover, quite successfully incubate chicks instead of ducks non-native hens of another breed. But it is important to choose the "right". If you lay an unsuitable duck on the clutch, the idea will not be crowned with success.

  1. Willingness. A duck that demonstrates a desire to hatch out, searches for secluded places in the house, prepares a nest, lining the bottom with fluff. The nature of such a duck is different calm and friendliness. She probably will immediately understand what is required of her if she is put on a laying. Another sign for the farmer should be a reduction in egg production and its complete cessation. So the ducks are preparing to incubate.
  2. Schooling You can not wait until one of the ducks wake up the parental instinct. You can make a nest and put a trial - unfertilized - clutch into it. As soon as some of the ducks sit down, after a while you can try to unsympathetically drive her away. If the bird does not leave, and it drives off the aggressor itself, hisses and flaps its wings - this is a suitable hen. But with this method you need to be careful - if you overdo it, you can discourage the desire to incubate chicks.

Tip When the method of “experimentally laying” is used - unfertilized, replacement should be made only when the duck does not see it. If she notices the substitution, she will quit hatching.

Site preparation

For effective incubation of little good chickens and masonry, it is necessary to provide comfortable conditions.

Nest. The wild duck covers the bottom of its nest with down. At home, the nest preparation technology should be as close to natural as possible. It is unacceptable to use materials that cause itching and other inconveniences for the duck. It is best to use the same duck down.
The base serves as a strong box, the bottom of which is covered with dry grass. This will prevent the masonry from rolling. You should carefully check the softness of the layer, because a small thorn can cause a duck great discomfort.

In the cold season you should not forget about the nest weatherization. However, it is worth confining to partial warming, overly thick layers can put a duck.

Nest location. Having provided peace and quiet for the duck, it is important to ensure that there are no drafts, excessively bright light and unwanted ambient noise. Any obstacle goes against instincts and leads to the risk of duck leaving the laying. Special attention should be paid to security. While incubating the duck is vulnerable, it is impossible to allow penetration to the nest of rodents or other ducks.

Duck sitting

Before seating the duck, you need to make a high-quality selection of eggs for breeding. It is also necessary to monitor compliance with a number of requirements.

  • First of all, you need to select only the material of medium size, the correct form, without violation of integrity, from healthy breeding ducks.
  • Eggs should not lie longer than 5 days, it is important to provide a dry and dark place, the temperature is within 15-200.
  • The number of pieces in the clutch can not be excessive. It is necessary to proceed from the size of the duck. The edges should not look out from under the feathers - so they will not warm up, and the chicks will not hatch. Only 1 row should be laid out. Only in this way can a duck warm up the future offspring evenly and cope with regular turning over.
  • Need to pay attention and duck. On the first day you should not bother her, but later you need to bring her to the trough and the trough. The duck should get used to the need to leave the clutch for eating. If the duck on the contrary is not in a hurry to return to the nest, you can carefully move it there. For the first time, you can lock the duck in the nest, then when it gets used to return, you can open the door.

  • Duration The duck hatches a month. The term depends on the level of nutrition and care provided by the duck. It is important to monitor the appearance of chicks. Those who hatched earlier are placed separately, so that the duck does not switch attention to them, and does not throw ducklings that have not yet appeared.

All conditions for incubation are met, the clutch is ready, and the duck shows no readiness. This situation is familiar to every poultry farmer. You should be patient and step by step to try all ways to attract ducks to the clutch. Do not immediately give up and resort to incubation. Offspring, hatched naturally, is distinguished by special health and 100% hatchability.

Choice of duck hen

Hatching is the most productive way to breed ducks.

But there are cases when no bird has a sufficiently developed sense of motherhood and is not going to sit on the clutch. Then resort to an alternative method of breeding:

  1. Choosing a hen of a different breed or species can be justified if the bird is planted with a calm character, but not sluggish. Many breeds of meat breeding instinct is missing, because forcing such a female breeding chicks does not make sense. Some breeds of ducks, chickens, turkeys and geese are able to even sit the egg of other types of poultry. Musk and wild ducks, mallards and partially Peking ducks are considered the best hens.
  2. The use of an incubator helps in replenishing the livestock of birds. Apply it at the initial stage, until the embryo appears in the egg, then to place it under the hen. Or they remove the clutch only by incubation method, but in this case most of the fertilized eggs are lost.

If the duck begins to look for a secluded place, pluck feathers out of the breast, lingers on the nest for a long time - there is a chance to plant it for offspring. There is a way to force a bird to hatch chicks even in the absence of instinct. To do this, in the prepared nest with test eggs in the amount of 4-5 pieces, the selected individual is planted, covered for complete blackout. Release such a hen twice a day. If after several days the duck is sitting on the nest, hissing and spreading its wings when strangers approach, it protects the clutch in every possible way - it can be used to remove ducklings.

Nesting preparation

The place where the duck sits on the eggs must meet certain criteria.

If a bird expects offspring in an uncomfortable situation, then there is a possibility of breaking the period of incubation, partial hatching of chicks or fading embryos. The organization of a quiet and comfortable space increases the chances of feeding the hen and getting chicks in time.

Choice of room

The best choice would be a separate shed or temporary house from the main flock, so that other birds would not put at least one egg in the nest and not interfere with the hen by their presence. In the warm season, the nest is organized in a dark far corner of the main house, where other birds are rare during the day. Often the place where the birds sit, raise to 20-30 cm above the floor, so that no one got him, except hens. Place one nest or several in the neighborhood, using opaque partitions.

The nest should be in a room separated from the house. It should not be light, the temperature is not lower than 10 degrees

Before organizing the nest, the room is disinfected and cleaned from dirt and droppings. Check for the presence of cracks and holes that are able to create drafts, and close them. Holes in the walls attract predators that destroy chicks and eggs.

Make sure the barn meets the needs of the hen:

  • air temperature at least 10 ° C, maximum 24 ° C,
  • humidity at the level of 40-60%,
  • possibility of regular airing
  • availability of feeders and drinkers in close access to nesting.

Creating a nest

The duck is able to incubate only in a place where the desired temperature of the clutch is maintained and eggs are evenly heated. Some breeds of birds themselves organize nests, but more in the wild. Birds living in the village, require the creation of such conditions.

In the form of a nest it is possible to use a basket, box, box. Shallow containers should not be used: it will be inconvenient, eggs can roll out

For the nest box suitable box or box of medium size, an old sieve basket. It is important that no strong odor is present, otherwise it will not be possible to plant any birds. The bottom of the box is covered with soft straw or hay, carefully leveled. From above form one more layer, creating the form of a nest in the form of a shallow bowl. In such a place, the eggs will not roll to the sides and will not be beaten if the duck starts moving them to the edge.

If the hen incubates forcibly, before it is planted on the nest, the fluff is pulled out of her chest in the case. A female with a strong instinct itself covers the surface of the nesting place with its feathers. They help maintain an ideal temperature for embryo development. If the ducklings hatch in the cold season, they organize additional heating of the barn and the nest.

Seeding eggs for incubation

For brood ducklings only fresh fertilized eggs are suitable. They are collected and stored no more than 2-5 days in a darkened place at a temperature of 18-20 ° C.

Before placing them in the nest, their features are taken into account:

  • the shell is smooth, without protrusions and cracks, smooth,
  • choose medium in size and correct in shape eggs,
  • the quantity should not exceed the capacity of the hen to heat the whole masonry, 10-20 pieces are enough,
  • dirty eggs can be wiped off with hydrogen peroxide and left in the nest dry until the birds return.

In order for the duck to hatch eggs, it is given time to get used to the role of the mother. Leave the hen alone for 2 days, do not disturb and do not drive away. If on the third day the bird does not stand up on its own, then it is carefully taken for feeding and drinking. The duck will return back in 10-30 minutes, but if not - they take it to nesting and plant on eggs. Then she will do 2-3 pauses per day.

To seat the bird on the egg laying, you need to select the appropriate "candidate", and then equip a soft and comfortable nest

If a duck sits on eggs forcibly, then leave it with trial 4-5 unfertilized eggs or dummies before pouring. After 3-4 days, she will get used to her role. Then proceed to move the clutch in the nest.

Rules for landing on the prepared nest:

  • it is forbidden to move the egg box, the duck may refuse to breed,
  • it is better to lay eggs at the moment when the bird has eaten off to eat, so that it does not see such an action,
  • they lay eggs = when the hen is sitting in the nest, but each egg is tried to be placed on the back, out of sight of the duck female, to roll closer to the center for better heating,
  • each day, for particularly frail females, 4-5 eggs are laid every day so that they do not leave the nest.

Each breed of duck and chicken hen has its own specificity of heating masonry. Chicken, turkey or Peking duck is able to sit offspring in a short time (from 24 to 28 days). For a musk duck, it will take 30-36 days, but the percentage of eggs chicks from eggs is much higher. The latter have the ability to feel the frozen embryos, so they roll one or several eggs out of the nest.