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How to grow centrantus "Raspberry Jingle"

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Kentrantus is a medium-sized plant with buds that will decorate any design of your garden. These flowers belong to the family of Valerian, therefore they are also called red valerian, but they are not used in medicine. The homeland of this plant is the Mediterranean. The plant brought out not many varieties, but still the florist, there are options for choosing in your garden.

Varieties and types

Red kentrantus plant height of about 50 cm. On large dense shoots grow small elongated leaves like maple leaves. The inflorescence is red, the shape of the semi ball. Flowering begins in the first summer months and lasts about 60 days.

Kentrantus "Crimson Ring" This grade one of new. The height of the plant is about 80 cm, the bush is branching. Leaves extraordinary bluish shade. Inflorescences with bright crimson flowers about one centimeter in diameter. The shape of the inflorescence resembles a pyramid.

Kentrantus ruber "Pretty Woman Betsy" This variety, like the rest of the perennial, plant height from 70 cm to one meter. The inflorescences are large, pyramid-shaped with many small fragrant flowers. Flowering lasts about a month. After flowering, it is better to remove dry inflorescences, and after a period of time, flowering begins again. Prefers sunny areas.

Pink kentrantus one of the smallest and most compact varieties. The height of the plant is about 28 cm. The inflorescences are pink in color, blooming occurs at the end of spring and lasts about two months.

Kentrantus planting and care in the open field

Kentrantus is a light-loving plant, prefers a light soil, loose with good lime composition and nutritional properties. If the plant is planted in the soil is not fertilized, it is necessary to feed several times in 30 days. During the active development of the plant, it is necessary to fertilize with nitrogen fertilization with fertilizer, and further fertilizer during the season without nitrogen.

Plants do not tolerate stagnant moisture. Water the plant should only be in dry time. For secondary flowering, the plant must cut dry flowers, and then there will be a secondary abundant flowering. And in the autumn, before the onset of cold weather, all shoots should be cut.

If you have cold and snowless winters, then it is better to cover the plant with a layer of peat or leaves. Every three years, the plant should be uprooted, because they lose their appearance and decorative effect.

Kentrantus growing from seed and reproduction by dividing the bush

Centrantus ruber grown from seed does not bring much trouble. Seeds should be sown in a container with prepared soil. Sowing is done at the end of winter, and cover with foil. After sowing, it is necessary to air the seedlings and maintain a temperature of about 25 degrees.

After the first shoots appear and several pairs of leaves appear on them, it is necessary to dive the plants into separate containers. And after normalization of day and night temperatures, it is better to plant the plant on a permanent place in open ground, on the plot.

Ruber is a plant that propagates by self-sowing, so if in the spring period such unexpected shoots appeared, it is necessary to plant them at a distance of 50 cm from each other.

Reproduction by dividing the bush is made in the spring, or in the autumn after flowering. The plant is dug, cleaned from the ground and the root system is divided into several parts and planted in a prepared well.

Botanical description

Raspberry Jingle centrantus is a perennial with abundant and long flowering. Shrub branching, it reaches a height of 60 centimeters, and grows to a width of 50-60 centimeters.

Stems loosely arranged and covered with green leaves with an unusual bluish tinge. The lower leaflets have small scapes, the upper ones sit tightly on the stem.

Flowers abundant, bright crimson color, not exceeding a diameter of 1 centimeter. They are collected in large branched dome-shaped inflorescences.

Flowering occurs twice a season - the first one comes in June-July, the second - in August-September. Seeds ripen in a box, easily spilling out of it and carrying out a constant self-seeding. During the season, full ripening of seeds occurs twice.

Application in the garden and landscape design

Kentrantus is widely used in landscape design due to its beautiful colors and compatibility with other plants. It acts as a background plant for flower beds and borders.

This bush will be able to fit well into the gardens of various styles, it will look great on the sunny side of the cottage garden and in the gardens of the Mediterranean type. In microborders, adonis, oak sage and other perennials will perfectly combine with this bush. Most often, Kentrantus is used in group plantings, creating original flowering zones in gardens. Also, the plant is well suited for decorating the area around the paths and arbors, it is planted on the slopes, retaining walls, in rocky rock gardens and rockeries.

Choosing a landing site

This plant is sun-loving and reacts poorly to cold, draft and strong shade. Therefore, the site for planting is necessary to choose a light, open and without signs of moisture. Preparing for the winter for keratus "Raspberry Jingle" depends on the climate. Before preparing for the winter, cut to the level of the soil. In regions with a warm climate, a layer of peat, humus or just leaves will be enough to cover a bush.

But in the case of a harsh and frosty winter, she will need to work over the shelter: the bush is covered with leaves and rags and covered with a film, which will need to be fixed. Agrofiber is also used for shelter, which is very popular with gardeners.

Soil and fertilizer

Fertile soil with lime is suitable for cultivation. It should pass air and water well through it. Also, the soil needs drainage to prevent root damage from rot.

If the soil is suitable, centrantus will not need additional fertilizer, otherwise fertilizer needs to be applied twice a month. Nitrogen fertilizers are used during the growth period, and nitrogen-free fertilizers during the growing season. From the middle of summer, fertilizing with the addition of phosphorus and potassium is necessary.

Seeding seedlings

Sowing of seeds for seedlings is carried out in April, after 10 days shoots will appear. When the seedlings are strong enough, they dive into separate pots, and then make them "hardened" on the balcony or terrace, to accustom the plants to sunlight and low temperature. To do this, leave them in the open air for at least an hour.

When planting seedlings in open ground it is necessary that the distance between the bushes be at least 50 centimeters. This is due to the fact that the Kentrantus will expand in breadth and a closer landing distance may subsequently prevent the plants from developing freely.

Sowing seeds in open ground

The “Raspberry Jingle” Kentrantus is sown in the open ground in the fall on the plot where it will subsequently grow. Before the upcoming "wintering" crops are covered with leaves, peat or other mulch, so that they are well tolerated during this cold time. There is another option for sowing seeds in open ground in April or May, but there is a high probability that with this method plants will experience poor development and flowering.

Dividing bush

During the reproduction of the "Crimson Ring" by dividing the bush, the plant is dug out and inspect the roots, making a decision on how many parts to divide it. If the roots are poorly visible, a lump of earth lightly shake. Each separated part must have an adult shoot.

When dividing the bush into very small parts, the plants will be very weak and may not survive. Then you need to carefully disassemble the roots, so as not to harm them. It is best to use a sharp knife for this.

Each part is seated separately, keeping a distance, and watered. If the roots are badly damaged, the plant can be watered with a weak solution of the rotor.

This method is considered not only the easiest, but also vital for the plant, without it the centrantus “Raspberry Jingle” in 3 years will weaken and lose vitality.

Seed collection

By collecting the seeds of Centrantus, you can save money and at any time plant empty places on the flower bed.

Seeds are formed in the second year of the growing season and ripen unfriendly (30 to 45 days), so you need to collect them as they mature. For this, the stem is cut and laid for some time in the shade, waiting for the seeds to ripen. When storing seeds, the main thing is not to allow the conditions in which they are damp. Most suitable seed storage options:

  • paper envelopes
  • glass or tin containers
  • cloth bags
  • bags of polyethylene with a special sealed clasp.

Pests, diseases and prevention

The “Raspberry Jingle” Kentrantus is very resistant to diseases, but its root system may suffer from poor drainage and heavy irrigation. In this case, the chances of recovery from an infected plant tend to zero. It is necessary to remove the diseased plant from the garden so that the others will not become infected.

In order to prevent the need to not abuse irrigation and abundant fertilizer, the excess of which can be dangerous. When heavy rains on the leaves of Kentrantus spots may appear. In this case, the affected leaves need to be cut and thinned thick bushes.

Landing Kentrantus

Valerian Red loves light and warmth. Direct sunlight does not harm her. Place for planting centrantus should be open, dry. This flowering plant will feel bad in the shade, and it does not tolerate damp places at all. Kentrantus will grow well on retaining stone walls, on dry slopes, it is indispensable for rocky gardens.

The soil should be dry, light, permeable, calcareous. The distance between the plants is 50 cm.

Kentrantus grows well in containers.

Cultivation and care

Being a hardy and unpretentious plant, centrantus does not need any special care. He also doesn’t need frequent watering. In fact, it can do without watering at all. In any case, it is better to water less than pour. Kentrantus is resistant to diseases and pests. Also does not need fertilizer, although a little organic matter does not hurt him. In the spring I scatter around the bushes rotted manure with a layer of 1-2 cm, then mulch the ground with mowed grass.

It should regularly cut faded inflorescences to the first pair of leaves. From the axils of the leaves will soon grow new flower stalks.

In countries with a warm, Mediterranean-like climate, the Kentrantus winters without problems. Where winters are cold, this perennial plant can spend the winter under the snow. But if there is little snow, he needs shelter. And here the main problem is that the ground under the shelter was dry, as dampness combined with cold is detrimental to the plant. In the fall, shoots are cut at ground level, covered with dry leaves, spruce branches, can be covered with a wooden box, and on top - with a film.

Varieties of Kentrantus

Breeders deduced several varieties of Kentrantus, which allows gardeners to choose the most suitable option or combine several varieties at once. Here are their main differences:

  1. Ruber (red). Shrubs up to 1 m in height and 60 cm in width, densely covered with leaves and young shoots. Scarlet large inflorescences have a round or pyramidal shape. Among the subspecies there are flowers of white, pink, purple tones.
  2. Narrow-leaved. The second most popular and very similar to ruber grade. Differs in the shape of the leaves and the pointed end of each. Nonspecialists often do not see the difference and combine these two types of centrantus.
  3. Long-flowered. Tall bushes with lots of gray leaves are covered with a whitish bloom. The leaves are oval and lanceolate with a blunt edge. Differs in the size of the inflorescence. Peduncle up to 20 cm in length covered with large compared with the other varieties of flowers. The size of each bud is about 15 mm. The flowers are dark purple.
  4. Valerianovidny. The smallest representative. Its height does not exceed 10-30 cm, and the inflorescences have a pink and ash-red hue. It blooms earlier than others and pleases gardeners from April to the end of June.
  5. From the new achievements of breeders can distinguish the variety Kentrantusa "Crimson Ring". It is characterized by large crimson inflorescences with flowers up to 1 cm in diameter. The shape of the inflorescences is pyramidal. Branched bush covered with blue-gray leaves, maximum height - 80 cm.

Breeding

Sowing of seeds is considered to be the main method of reproduction of centrantus. It is possible to sow a plant in September or in May. Autumn crops are additionally warmed with a layer of foliage. For growing seedlings in March, the seeds are sown in pots, not sprinkled with earth. To seedlings were abundant, it is necessary to expose the container at room temperature to light. With sprouting up to 5 cm in height, the sprouts are thinned, leaving the strongest shoot in a bitter place. In mid-May, seedlings are planted in the garden, at a distance of 40-45 cm from each other.

You can also propagate the kentrantus cuttings or division of the bushes. To do this, in July or August, they transplant or cut down strong branches and stick them into fertile soil in a pot to a depth of about 10 cm. After rooting, they can be planted in open ground.

The plant is aging rather quickly, so every 3-4 years you will need rejuvenation of a flower garden with new shoots or seedlings. Otherwise, the number of flowers decreases, and some of the branches at the base stiffens and loses foliage. In part, an easy way of reproduction compensates for the loss of the decorative properties of the plant.

Winter care

If the winters in the area are frosty, you need to cover the roots. With a slight decrease in temperature, it is enough to cover the rhizomes with a layer of peat and fallen leaves. If the frost is more severe, and the snow falls a little, you should build a frame shelter or use polyethylene, rags or agrofibre (special nonwoven fabric), branches and other ways to protect the plant from excessive moisture and frost.

How to grow

For the cultivation of thermophilic Centrant is better to choose sunny areas with well-drained nutrient soil. However, in nature it grows on mountain slopes, therefore even among stones it does not feel any discomfort. The main thing is that there should not be a thick shadow and constant penetrating drafts, the representative of the southern flora does not like cold and damp. The plant propagates mainly by seeds, and there are no difficulties with germination.

The seeds of Kentrantus are elongated, rather large, with remarkable germination. In the open ground they are sown either closer to the winter, and then mulched with any suitable material, or in the spring.

It is better to sow for seedlings at the end of April, shoots will appear in 9-12 days. They dive and harden on the terrace or balcony. Bushes are planted in a permanent place in June-July. Between them there should be a distance of at least 40 centimeters. Plantings grow rapidly and bloom profusely next year.

Plants grown from seeds in a plot with a light nutritious soil can live more than 5 years. In addition, they will be successfully updated self-seeding.

You can divide the bushes before the growing season or after. This simple breeding method allows you to rejuvenate the bushes, losing vitality.

If the site is not possible to provide regular watering, drought-resistant centrantus will be the best candidate for planting, a temporary lack of moisture will not harm it.

Pruning inflorescences will help to prolong the flowering period. The stalk is cut to the first full leaf, and the second wave of flowering will not keep you waiting long.

Seedlings found during weeding can be transplanted to a separate place. Feed the plant preferably twice a month, at the beginning of summer nitrogen-containing fertilizers are preferable, after mid-July nitrogen-free fertilizers. Then the bushes will become not only more magnificent, but also more resistant to frosts.

In the fall, the stems are cut to the ground. Sporeflower well tolerates cold, but in the northern regions it is better to cover it with humus or compost. If the winter turns out to be snowless and very frosty, the plants are covered with a film. It is important to protect plantings not so much from frost as from pernicious waterlogging during the thaw period.

In landscape design

Kentrantus has a disposable disposition, but may die due to overmoistening of the soil. Perhaps that is why flower growers sometimes do not risk planting it. However, a plant with a spectacular appearance can transform landscape design. Especially if you pick up species with different flowering periods. For example, red centrantus will bloom from spring to July. There are cultivars not only with red, but also impressive pink inflorescences.

In mixborders, the plant goes well with adonis, semi-shrub oak sage and many other perennials. Do not forget that after shearing Kentrantus quickly grows and resumes flowering.

Most often, he is given a place in group plantings, placed in rabatki and create original flowering zones in the garden.

In addition, they can decorate the area near the paths and arbors, decorate dry slopes, plant a charming hardy plant in rockeries and rocky rock gardens.

C. ruber (c. Red, red valerian)

Stellate flowers, up to 6 mm in diameter, scarlet or light red, collected in paniculate inflorescence. Листья се­ро-зеленые, овальные, длиной до 10 см, Родина — Европа и Средиземноморье.It is an easy-to-grow beautiful perennial for sunny dry places on chalky soils in warm climates, where it forms a straight, bushy compact plant. On richer soils, the bush is more loose and perhaps not as durable. Nectar attracts daytime butterflies and hawk moths to the garden. The height and diameter of the plant is 60x60 cm or more.

Stellate flowers, up to 6 mm in diameter, scarlet

The flowers in the form are white, and in Coccineus they are bright red.

Variety of flowers

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