Rabbit breeding is practiced all over the world, and these animals are raised not only for meat and skins, but also simply for beauty. In total, there are about 60 breeds of rabbits, and on domestic expanses only 20.
This article will describe the main characteristics of the most productive breeds of rabbits, which can be bred in homestead and agricultural farms.
Breeds for home breeding
In household farms such breeds are most often bred:
Includes large-sized fur animals, which are intended to receive meat and skirt products (Figure 1). The animals are strong and have such external differences: an oblong body, rounded croup, deep breast, light oblong head of medium size, wide and long ears, long, wide-set paws and a straight narrow back. Type of constitution leptosomnogo type.Figure 1. Rabbit white giant
The representatives of this species have pure white fur without any admixture of other shades, and for this reason their cultivation will be expedient for slaughtering on the skin. The weight of animals can be up to 5 kg, and the fertility of animals at the time of eating can reach 8 pups. That breed white giant is considered one of the most common.
This is a new, highly productive species grown for meat and furs production. Individuals have a strong torso of the mesosomal type, tolerate various climatic conditions well. The animals have the following differences: the body is slim and wide, the head is small, the middle ears are straight-set.
On the back, sides and rump there is a silver-gray-blue tone of the hairline, but on the other parts of the body are painted almost pure white color with a light dusky underfur.Figure 2. Soviet chinchilla
Soviet chinchilla unpretentious and hardy to a variety of conditions. The resulting skins are quite large, and the fur is thick and uniform. Animals are characterized by rapid growth and high-quality meat. Females have good maternal qualities. With the right feeding ration, they can feed up to eight pups at a time.
This fur species includes medium-sized meat-skin animals. They have such characteristic features: a slender, slightly elongated body, strong bones, a small head and medium length ears. Body type - mesosomal. Hair is thick, soft, have a good shine.Figure 3. Viennese blue rabbits
The color of hair can be bluish-blue (ranging from dark to light shade), and the underfur and awn are proportionally colored. Females are distinguished by a high level of fertility, as well as good maternal qualities, and successfully lead and feed up to eight young at a time. Males have a high vitality and are perfectly adapted to different climatic conditions of detention.
The animals are rather large and belong to the representatives of normal fur-haired rabbits. They have a long, large body, a wide breast with a small dewlap, a large, coarse head with long ears, and short limbs with respect to the body. Representatives of the species belong to the leptosome body type (Figure 4).Figure 4. Rabbit Gray Giant
Meat quality is average. Animals may have a gray hare, black, dark gray and a glandular gray color. If they are slaughtered by adults, they get large-sized skins from them. However, relative to the density of the hair, they are inferior to the skins of the white giant, Soviet chinchilla, black-brown and Viennese blue. Females are characterized by good milkiness and high fecundity (on average, about 8 rabbits are given per okol).
Representatives of the species are adapted to temperate and mild climatic regions of our country.
Representatives of this fur breed are of average size and belong to representatives of the meat-shkurkovy direction of productivity. Individuals are distinguished by a wide and compactly knocked up body, which expands to the rump. Representatives of this type have such characteristic differences: small head, deep chest, straight and short ears, wide rounded croup, muscular and strong legs (Figure 5).Figure 5. Silver Rabbits
Hair thick, have an unusual shade of old silver. The hair guides are black, the awn is white, and the underfur slate-blue. On the tip of the muzzle, ears, limbs and tail, the fur is darker, but when the animal reaches the age of 4 months, all the fur becomes silvery, and in the young of one month of age the hair is black. Females have a good fertility (up to eight pups per okol). Animals can be raised for slaughter, as they grow quickly, and meat has good dietary qualities.
- Californian and white New Zealand
These are fur rocks, which were obtained by the method of selection of American scientists. They have a strong build of Eyrisom type, the body is compactly grouped and has a cylindrical shape, a deep and wide breast, thick legs.Figure 6. Rabbits of California (1 and 2) and New Zealand (3-4) breeds
Representatives of these breeds have a thick and elastic hairy white color (Figure 6). However, Californian rabbits have a dark shade at the tip of the face, ears and tail. Juveniles grow rapidly, and females have high milkiness. They are recommended to use for the production of broiler rabbits meat direction of productivity, when the content with the mother up to 74 days.
This is a large breed that is grown not only for fur, but also high-quality meat. Animals are very resistant to climatic conditions and have such characteristic properties: elongated body, strong bones, rounded head with long ears, wide chest, long strong legs, thick and lush hair.Figure 7. Black-brown rabbit breed
Upon reaching 4 months of age, baby rabbits have a black hair color, while adults have a tinge of black-brown foxes (Figure 7). The resulting skins are not stained before implementation. The fecundity of females for one okrol is eight rabbits.
This is a very resilient domestic look, which has such features: thin and strong bones, knocked down a cylindrical body, medium head and wide chest and muscular legs of medium length. White downy rabbits do not have tassels on their ears (a characteristic feature of the Angora downy feathers).Figure 8. White feather rabbits
The representatives of the white downy breed are white in color (Figure 8), but sometimes black and blue shades of fur can be observed. For one okol the female leads up to seven cubs.
About what breeds of rabbits are, you will learn from the video review.
The cultivation of such animals occurs at a temperature not higher than 28 degrees, otherwise a heat stroke will occur. The content can be both harem and cellular. In order for down to have good quality, the food of rabbits must be fortified and balanced.
Arctic feather rabbits
The breed is the oldest among fur animals and is well known throughout the country. Rabbits are gray or dark gray with a live weight of up to 3 kg. Their fluff is resilient, of medium thickness, with a small amount of guard coat. One adult per year gives up to 200 grams of production.
- fecundity of females,
- low mortality of young stock
- unpretentiousness in food,
- high immunity.
They contain the Arctic Fox rabbits most often in cages, for which careful care is needed to degrade the quality of down.
The Angora breed also belongs to the fur direction, however, it does not take root in our climatic conditions.
Dutch mini bunny
The classic color of pets is considered white and black with colored circles around the eyes, on the ears and hind legs in the form of socks. There are about 20 shades of coat from light gray to tortoise.
The mass of an adult Dutch dwarf on average is about 1.5 kg. In this regard, the care cage is sized 50 * 70 cm. It should be equipped with a place for sleeping and feeding. Food can be purchased in specialized stores, adding to it vegetables, fruits, hay or grass in the summer.
Sleek colored dwarf
The little rabbit is like a dense ball with small ears, which weighs from 1 to 1.3 kg. His coat is thick, shiny, dense to the touch. There is no definite color, because the breed has about 50 shades. The most famous of them are Siamese, chocolate, Russian, blue, white-and-white and squirrel.
Colored dwarfs quickly adapt to their new home. They have a calm character, are not shy, give themselves a lift and even stand on their hind legs, welcoming the host. The manifestation of aggression indicates the sexual hunt of the animal.
Fox dwarf kids
Pets of this breed are distinguished by long hair on the body and short fur on the head. Four colors of kids are popular: agouti, blue, chinchilla and brown.
Dwarfs weight not more than 1.3 kg with good care. Females lead on 3-6 rabbits, which very poorly tolerate heat and close space. The basis of fox eared nutrition is hay, rolled oats, cereal mixtures and green grass according to the season.
Rabbit meat breeds
Growing rabbits for meat is considered a profitable occupation due to low financial costs with high prices for finished products. The main advantages of meat animals are precocity, fecundity and rapid weight gain.
The following types of meat rabbits are popular in Russia:
In general, rabbit breeding is a profitable business at low financial cost. Many farmers keep endangered eared breeds like collectors.
A little bit about white rabbits
We decided to write this article for anyone interested in rabbits. Moreover, it is about white rabbits. Why? Because pure white color is a rather rare sign in the animal world. The gene responsible for the white color is recessive, it is easily suppressed by genes of, say, gray or black colors. Therefore, to get a white rabbit is a great success. Of course, in many breeds and varieties from time to time there are beauties - owners of white skins. However, it also happens that the white color is the main indicator of a particular breed. In addition, white rabbits come in with red eyes. That's it about these breeds of white rabbits, and we want to tell you.
Already in the name of the breed laid two of its main features - color and size. Rabbits of this breed - the result of laboratory research and experiments, careful selection. In the original version, albino rabbits crossed with large rabbits with Flanders. As a result of the selection, it was possible to firmly fix these two genes responsible for color and size. The white giant is a snow-white creature with red eyes.
White giant rabbit photo
Weight - up to 7 kg. Wool, similar to pure freshly fallen snow, has few pinades and is therefore distinguished by its special fluffiness. For breeding, the White Giant is a very convenient breed. Rabbits are strong, hardy, unpretentious. Give good offspring, quickly gaining weight. Often White giants are kept at home - as pets. Having decided to start a rabbit of this breed, you may encounter one feature: sometimes the rabbit freezes for a long time, as if it falls into a trance, sits, swaying slightly. Do not worry - the pet just resting.
Another breed of white rabbits, in the title of which - its main features. This breed was bred in the USSR - in the Kursk region. Breeders crossed local common rats with Angora white. And several generations reinforced the result. The result was a strong and healthy rabbit perfectly adapted to the Russian climate. Winner of excellent fluffy white wool.
White down rabbit photo
This sweetheart resembling a dandelion is a very valuable acquisition for any rabbit breeder. In addition, rabbits grow quickly, are unpretentious, give birth to 6-8 rabbits - so they also give the purest and softest fluff. In a year - up to one and a half kilograms! Of fluff masters knit amazingly beautiful shawls, hats and stoles.
New Zealand White
Breed of rabbits, for the breeding of which albino rabbits from New Zealand were also used. Their interbreeding with Flandra gave the following result: they are medium in size, harmoniously composed individuals weighing up to 5 kg. In Russia, the rabbits of this breed have got accustomed, thanks to a rather thick thick undercoat. This breed is considered to be meat. Rabbits bring up to 12 rabbits, which very quickly gain weight and become ready for slaughter. The meat of the New Zealand white rabbit does not have a herbal smell, it is highly valued by gourmets.
New Zealand White Rabbit Photo
White Rabbit Pannon
Quite a new breed, bred in Hungary by crossing several white rabbits at once - the White giant, the New Zealand white, local albino rabbits, the California rabbit. Such a rich breeding base allowed us to take the best from each breed. White Pannon - snow-white, with soft fur, long ears, gracefully folded animal meat direction. Rabbits quickly reach sexual maturity, multiply with pleasure, bringing healthy offspring, rapidly gaining weight. A distinctive feature of the breed - rabbit show themselves extremely caring mothers, never abandon their children. Moreover, they accept other people's rabbits. For a long time they feed young rabbits with milk. White Pannon is a rabbit with red eyes.
White rabbits of the Pannon breed photo
Having decided to become a breeder of one of these breeds, you will be pleasantly surprised at how kind-looking, handsome, rabbits are unassuming and easy to care for. And if the White Rabbit comes to your house as a pet - you can, like Alice in Wonderland - learn a lot of amazing things by watching this interesting and intelligent animal.
How to choose the breed of rabbit?
Rabbits of any breeds are a source of tasty and dietary meat. The only exceptions are ornamental animals. But for maximum profit, you should breed rabbits, which are bred for meat, and not those that are bred for skins. There is a large number of meat-shing animals, and even animal skin activity. And they will not be able to get meat. You should pay attention to several factors when choosing meat rabbits:
- The quality of the meat. Almost every rabbit meat has a pleasant taste, besides it is good for health. But there are breeds that are good because their meat is more tasty and tender. Such carcasses are sold at a high cost.
- Sizes of animals. There are some breeds that are really large. These giants reach a mass that is equal to 6-7 kilograms, as a result, they are large for slaughter. Sometimes such rabbits are considered not meat, but meat-peel.
- The rate of weight gain. Depending on how quickly the rabbits gain slaughter weight, it also depends on the cost of caring for them to achieve productivity. And the speed of the realization of the animal depends on this parameter. Those animals that are slowly gaining weight, do not carry any profit.
- Disease resistance. There are a huge number of infectious and fungal diseases that can cause the death of up to 80-90% of the total population of rabbits. Therefore it is better to choose those species that are more resistant to diseases.
- Precocity. The faster the rabbits breed, the faster they will produce offspring, respectively, and the profits will become greater. For rabbits of meat beards, this parameter is very important. Despite the fact that animals multiply rapidly, there are species that breed faster than others.
In addition to these factors, you should pay attention to which animals will be better in the area. You should also pay attention to the breeds of rabbits, because some species are not available or extremely rare in some regions, because of the hopelessness it is necessary to acquire animals that are available.
Before buying rabbits, it is very important to consult with experienced breeders who can recommend a standing variety.
Kinds of rabbit meat breeds
It is very difficult to answer right away what are the best meat breeds of rabbits. All of them have their advantages and disadvantages, therefore, they should be chosen on the basis of their own preferences. One farmer will love small but ripening animals that can very quickly feed off lethal weight. Other breeders may like meat-furred animals that are large in size but possess an average weight gain rate.
What kinds of rabbits are:
- Gray Giant. Rabbit is a dark gray color, which gains about 4-7 kilograms of live weight. Slaughter yield is 55-57%. In litter can be from 7 to 11 rabbits.
- Soviet Chinchilla. Животное, обладающее серебристо-серым цветом шкурки (иногда получаются различные оттенки). Убойный выход составляет 55-58%. В помете может быть от 6 до 8 крольчат.
- Новозеландские белые кролики. Кролики, которые имеют чистый белый окрас шерсти. Убойный выход составляет 53-59%. В помете может быть от 8 до 11 крольчат.
- Калифорнийская порода. Животные с белой шерстью, черной мордочкой, лапами и ушами. Slaughter yield is 56-60%. In the litter can be from 8 to 12 rabbits.
- Flandre or Belgian giant. Rabbits can have various shades: black, white, beige, reddish, grayish shades. Slaughter yield is 53-55%. In litter can be from 5 to 8 rabbits.
- White giant. This species of rabbits has an exceptionally pure snow white color. Slaughter yield is 54-57%. In litter can be from 6 to 9 rabbits.
This is not all breeds that can be bred at home. In any case, it should be remembered that the meat and meat-shred breeds of rabbits are the best for breeding, at least for those who first decided to start breeding rabbits. Special attention should be paid to the species that are derived in Ukraine and Russia. They are best adapted to local conditions, have tasty and healthy meat.
Large breeds of meat rabbits
The largest rabbits can often be found not among the meat, but among the meat-shoulder varieties. These breeds are known by many professional livestock breeders. It is worth comparing them with classical representatives of the meat direction of production. First of all, they do not grow so fast and gain weight, because in order to feed them you need to give a lot of food. On the other hand, the lag in growth by months is compensated by the fact that you can get not only a carcass, but also a high quality skin.
Unfortunately, meat-sting rabbits have a not too meaty carcass, and their slaughter yield is significantly lower than that of representatives of meat breeds. And the fur and skin cannot compete in quality with the product, which is obtained from the rocks of the sandpaper direction. But, despite the fact that they significantly lag behind in growth by months, have an average quality of the product, it will be much more convenient for a beginner to work with these rabbits. They are quite unpretentious and do not require special conditions for maintenance, due to which they are very beneficial and often ahead of fast-growing, but more demanding to care for the breed.
Flandre, also known as the Belgian giant, is a meatball variety of rabbits. It is difficult to call him a champion among the representatives of his field of production based on the quality of the skins and slaughter. But Flandre is a champion in relation to the weight and overall dimensions of the body. Individual representatives can reach a mass of up to 12 kilograms.
Flandre (Belgian giant) color Agouti
Flandre - the largest breed of rabbits
Usually, the breeds of ornamental rabbits are understood as representatives of dwarf species, weighing from 0.5 to 2 kilograms. Such animals are settled in houses or apartments and kept as pets.
The length and color of rabbit fur depends on the breed. Color can be the most diverse: chestnut, black, red, white, blue. For each individual species, species of animals that differ in color are specially displayed.
Here are examples of the most prominent representatives of dwarf breeds.
Photo - Lion Head. The average price is 1500 rubles.
Photo - Japanese dwarf. Price from 3,000 to 5,000 rubles.
Photo - Fire dwarf. Price from 2000 to 4000 rubles.
Photo - Minilop. One of the most difficult breeding species. The cost of 5,000 rubles.