Tomatoes, or tomatoes, are the most popular vegetables in our country, second in use after potatoes. They can be pickled, pickled or consumed raw. Everywhere they are cultivated as annual plants, although they are perennial. Many growers tend to grow a rich crop of tomatoes, using different varieties and applying new agricultural practices.
How to choose a variety of tomatoes?
Shops offer a rich selection of tomato seeds. There are varieties of miniature and giant, red, black, yellow or orange. They differ in the way they land: street, home, greenhouse and balcony. Every gardener has his favorite variety. When purchasing new species, it is necessary to determine where they will be grown. Tomatoes with small fruits can ripen in the open field, and large-fruited is preferable to plant in the greenhouse. It is also necessary to take into account the climatic features of the area, since each region has its own adapted varieties.
If you plan to grow crops for harvesting, it is better to choose medium-sized plants. To achieve a rich harvest, experienced growers experiment with varieties, select new options. When buying packs of seeds of the species you like, you need to read what is written on the back, because it contains the necessary information.
Description of the variety "Casanova"
Tomato "Casanova" refers to mid-season high-yielding varieties. The bush is high, up to 2 meters, medium-rich, therefore in the middle lane and to the north it is recommended to grow these tomatoes in the greenhouse, with obligatory garter to the support. For the formation of the required number of stems from a plant it is required to make a pinch. This will ensure an earlier harvest and an increase in the period of fruiting. The best result is obtained when forming 1-2 stems.
Tomato "Casanova" forms elongated fruits with funny forked bottom, collected in simple brushes. Fully ripened tomatoes have a rich red color. Fruits are dense, elongated, weighing up to 200 grams with a pronounced taste. The variety is valued for good keeping quality and transportability, as well as for the fact that the tomatoes do not crack during storage and do not burst when canned. They are also good for fresh consumption.
Features of growing
Tomato "Kazanova" sown on seedlings about 2 months before planting in the ground. At a permanent place of cultivation it is placed taking into account the fact that on 1 square. m area accounted for no more than four plants.
When growing tomatoes, experienced gardeners follow four rules, which can be read in the reviews:
- Provide the plants the maximum amount of sunlight.
- Carry out regular watering under certain conditions: no more than 1-2 times a week, 4-5 liters of water under each bush strictly under the root, in the morning or in the evening.
- Fertilize tomato "Casanova" at an early stage of growth, and then suspend feeding before the formation of the ovary.
- Give the fruit the opportunity to ripen on the bush, then their taste and aroma will be much better.
Compliance with these rules will help to get a bountiful harvest. Thankfully reacts to such care tomato "Casanova". Reviews of experienced growers will help many fans objectively evaluate this variety. Those who decide to grow "Kazanova", already at the end of August, will be able to feast on tasty and juicy tomatoes. Among its advantages are noted not only the sweet and fleshy fruits, but also the fact that the bushes bear fruit to the very frost, tying the brush without a pass.
Diseases and weather resistance
"Casanova" loves light and heat, bushes do not cope well with the deterioration of weather conditions. In the event of pest invasion, they are fought as follows:
- From the wireworm will save "Basudin."
- From medvedki help get rid of a drug called "Thunder."
- Slaked lime, which is added to the soil at the root, will destroy the slugs.
- With the help of such a drug as "karbofos" spider mite is removed.
Preparation for planting and planting seeds
Sow seeds on average 60 days before transplanting to a permanent place. You will need containers with a depth of at least 10 centimeters, you can take the usual wooden boxes. The soil is prepared in advance, to do this, mixed in equal parts soddy soil and humus, for better results, you can add peat and sawdust. Then you should prepare the seeds, first you need to choose larger ones. For 20 minutes, hold them in a disinfecting solution by preparing it from 1 g of manganese and 200 ml of water, and then rinse. A day before planting, the seeds are placed on a damp cotton cloth.
Planted them in a well-moistened soil, to a depth of approximately one centimeter, the distance between the seeds should be at least 2 cm. After disembarking, the container is covered, for this you can use transparent glass or film and put in a warm place. When the first sprouts poked on the soil surface, the shelter is removed, and the container is moved to the windowsill, the temperature for growing seedlings should be + 20 +23. Young plants are watered with a sprayer using warm water, they do it not too often, every 5-7 days.
When the seedlings release two true leaves, it dives, it is better to take 500 ml containers so that there is a place for the development of the root system. When the third sheet appears, you can begin to fertilize it with the Agricola No. 3 for the first subcortex. The second and third is carried out with an interval of two weeks, for them you can use a solution of complex fertilizers. Do it as follows: 1 tbsp. spoon diluted in 5 liters of water, one plant is enough 100 ml. 10 days before planting, seedlings are recommended to begin to harden, daily bringing it outside, the time spent on the air is increased each time.
Planting in the greenhouse or on the beds
Since the soil warms up much faster in the greenhouse, the transplanting of the seedlings into it is carried out earlier, approximately at the beginning of May. The soil is prepared in the fall, fertilizing it with potash and phosphate fertilizers per 1 square meter will need 30 grams each. In the spring, nitrogen-containing supplements are applied at the rate of 15 grams per square meter.
Willingness of seedlings for transplantation can be determined by the following criteria:
- The presence of one flower brush.
- Height 27-30 centimeters.
- Shortened internodes.
The holes are dug at a distance of 50 centimeters, their depth should be approximately like a cup with seedlings. On 1 m 2 it is not necessary to place more than 4 bushes, it can reduce the yield.
Due to the fact that the tomatoes are tall they need support, you can install stakes in each hole or make a trellis. Bushes also need formation, usually leave 2 stalks, they need weekly removal of stepsons. The variety "Casanova" is demanding of moisture, it is necessary to water the plants at least twice a week, not forgetting to loosen the soil after watering.
For better results, plants are fed with organic fertilizers (compost, bird droppings, eggshell) or minerals. To stimulate flowering, use a solution of boric acid at the rate of 1 g per 5 l of water.
You can pick brown, almost ripe tomatoes by placing them in boxes for further ripening. Located, they should in a cool, well-ventilated area. Each layer is better to perematit tomato, using the straw. The fruit tolerates transportation and is to be stored. Tomatoes must be harvested before frost, otherwise they will freeze and deteriorate.
"Casanova" is quite a fruitful variety, but care must be appropriate, in its absence, the indicators fall. Versatile in use, which is also a huge plus. Having tried to grow it once, each gardener will certainly plant it again.
If you grew Casanova tomatoes, please write what yield and fruit taste were in your climatic conditions. Will you grow them again and advise others? How do you rate the resistance of this variety to disease? If possible, attach to a comment photo of the whole bush or individual fruits grown by you. Thank!
Your feedback from Tomato Casanova, as well as additions to the description, will help many gardeners to evaluate this variety objectively and decide whether to plant it.