The houseplant limonella, or, as it is also called, limequat, is a hybrid of Japanese kumquat and Mexican lime. Citrus fruits of limonella are similar to small lemons, and successfully replace them in cooking, but you should take into account that the fruits of limonella are much more acidic than lemons, and therefore you need to add less to the dish. So if you are interested in this plant, and you decide to start growing it, the information on caring for limonella will be useful.
Limonella (limequat) - care and reproduction
Caring for limonella is not very different from caring for any other citrus plant. So if you already grow an orange or a lemon, it will not be enough to grow a limonella; it is enough to care for it, just like other citrus fruits. If there was no such experience, then remember the main rule - limonella does not tolerate overwetting, as well as drying the soil. Therefore it is necessary to ensure that the soil in the pot is slightly damp.
Lemonella is slightly better adapted to growing at home than other citrus fruits and tolerates the dry air of apartments well. But nevertheless it is desirable to humidify this air, and not by means of sprays. For this purpose, it is better to place a container with wet pebbles next to the flowers, or put limonella on a pot with pebbles filled with water, and the water should not touch the pot with a flower.
There are no special requirements to the temperature regime, it is possible to arrange wintering cold, but not less than 10 ° С. It should be remembered that at temperatures below 5 ° C, limonella usually sheds leaves.
You need to feed the plant once a week with the help of liquid complex fertilizers. You can water the brew.
Limonella is propagated by cutting, it can also be grafted. Semilignified cuttings cut in spring. Next, they are rooted in a wet substrate and covered with a film or a can. So keep until the appearance of new leaves, not forgetting to periodically air a mini-greenhouse.
A couple of weeks after acquiring limonella, it needs to be transplanted, since the flowers in the store grow in the transport soil, which is not suitable for the further cultivation of the plant. Next, limonella transplanted as needed, trying to do it in the spring or early summer. The pot should be picked up about 2 centimeters more than the previous one. Soil for limonella requires neutral, therefore, purchasing it in a store, you need to pay attention to this point - soil mixture based on peat will not work for limonella. If the desired soil could not be found, you can make it yourself. To do this, you can take the forest soil and add there 5-10% of river sand and 2% wood ash. The sand must be pre-boiled, and the ground can be gathered under any deciduous trees, except chestnut and oak. For limonella stagnation of water will be disastrous, and therefore at the bottom of the pot must be a layer of drainage.
The plant from the old pot should be removed with an earthy clod and transplanted preferably without disturbing it. Sprinkling the plant with new earth should be compacted and watered, allowing moisture to drain.
Limequat or Limonella is a citrus hybrid plant that is the result of a cross between lime and kumquat. Previously, limequat stood out in a separate genus - citrofortunella. But now such a classification is not used.
Citrus limequat hybrid was developed at the beginning of the 20th century. To date, three varieties are common: Eustis, Likeland, Tavares. The first two types of limequat are great for decorative growing at home.
Characteristics of the tree
Description of the plant limequat:
- It does not have a large height, not more than 2.5-3 m in height.
- The crown is branched.
- The bark is dark brown, with small spines on the branches.
- Leaves - dense, elongated, with a pointed tip, green.
- The flowers are white. Flowering time - the end of February — March.
- High fruiting
- The fruit ripening period is September — early October.
- Limequat is more frost-resistant than lime, but inferior to kumquat. The plant can withstand temperatures up to -30 ° C.
Like all citrus fruits, limequat has hesperidia. This term refers to fruits that consist of three parts: hard peel, juicy flesh, seeds.
Description of hesperidium limequat:
- size - small, up to 6 cm
- the shape is ovoid,
- the flesh is juicy, greenish-yellow,
- the taste of the pulp is bitter-sweet, more intense than that of lemon or lime,
- peel - medium thin, green with a slight yellowish tinge, sweetish in taste,
- the aroma resembles lime.
In appearance differs variety Tavares. The fruits of this limequat have a larger size with an orange-yellow skin. The flowers of the trees Tavares - pink.
The fruits of limonella are high in vitamins. Fruit juice has a tonic effect. Use of limequat contributes to:
- stabilization of the nervous system,
- reduce the likelihood of developing viral lesions,
- improvement of the cardiovascular system,
- normalization of metabolic processes in the body,
- improve mood.
Especially popular with lovers of cultivation of decorative citrus trees at home is Limquat Eustis. This type of limonella is different:
- unpretentiousness at leaving,
- beautiful, small and neat crown,
- small rounded fruits.
The main difference between Eustis limequat is the color and taste of fruit. The skin of the hesperides is yellow. It is thin, fragrant and sweet. The taste of the pulp is sour, but the ratio of acid and sugar makes the fruit edible even in its pure form.
It is easier to care for Eustis limequat, so it is massively grown in houses and on terraces. The tree of this type of limonella is also grown to produce fruits at home. Hesperidians, although inferior in quality to orange, lemon or tangerine, are perfect for making preserves, jams, toppings for cakes, drinks.
Peculiarities of reproduction at home
Propagation of limonella is carried out in two main ways: seeds and cuttings. The first method is more complex and laborious, because it requires mandatory subsequent inoculation for fruiting.
Rules for harvesting cuttings:
- Sprouts suitable for not less than half a year, partially woody.
- Sprout must have three or four leaflets. The bottom sheet is cut.
- Trimming is done from two sides: from below - at an angle, from above - straight.
- On the lower part of the sprout, special grooves are made with a needle, which are processed by a special means that accelerates growth.
The planting mixture should consist of three components in equal proportions: sand, humus, flower or hardwood soil.
Landing limonella should be carried out in the soil with neutral acidity. To normalize this indicator, sand is added to the soil (one tenth of the total volume of the earth mixture) and ash — 1 tsp. on a glass of soil.
Not suitable for planting peat soil, since it has high acidity. The capacity for planting the citrus in question must be equipped with drainage.
The stalk deepens into the ground to the level of the second leaf. After planting, the soil is poured abundantly and covered with plastic film or glass to create a greenhouse effect. The film or glass is periodically lifted to allow fresh air.
Fresh limonella stored in the refrigerator for up to 3 weeks. The term can be increased to six months if the fruit is frozen. Another way of saving is limequat pulp jam and peel or candied peel.
Features care for limonella
Citrus limequat is completely unpretentious, which allows it to be grown by many novice growers. And if in your life you have managed to grow at least one citrus tree, then surely you will manage to create camphor conditions for the overseas guest without much effort. The main task in the cultivation of this representative of citrus - is the constant maintenance in a pot of soil in a slightly moist state.
Take care of humidity
Limonella has higher adaptive abilities, if we compare it with any other citrus culture, because even to the dry air of an apartment it reacts less painfully than all its other relatives. However, you should not test the strength of the plant, it is better to take care of ensuring for it the necessary level of humidity by installing a pot with a pet on wet pebbles, the main thing here is to prevent direct contact of the pot bottom with water.
If you want more than one limequat to grow in your home, but two or more bushes, then you shouldn’t bother with the seeds, as only a real guru of plant growing can cope with this task. For lovers more suitable cuttings. It is desirable that at the time of cutting your chosen escape to receive the cutting was already half-lignified, and early spring entered into its right behind the window. The choice of cut date and suitable escape is a guarantee that you will be able to successfully cope with this operation. So as soon as possible the sprout has got its own root system, you can process it before planting root. This will greatly increase the chances of getting a new plant. And if you also take care of creating greenhouse conditions for the sprout by means of a cut-off plastic bottle or plastic film, you can be almost 100% sure of the success of your enterprise.
Do not disturb the sprout with excessive attention until at least a couple of full-fledged leaves appear. Do not forget to air the greenhouse, as the stagnation of air will negatively affect the development of the pet. You also need to worry about the baby getting enough moisture, to do this, periodically irrigate the plant and the soil from the spray gun, but at the same time refrain from watering in the usual sense of the word.
Do not neglect the transfer
To limequat pleased with intensive growth and fruiting, do not forget to periodically replant or at least transfer the plant to a new soil. After you bring limonella from the store, do not overload with a transplant, but please your pet with a new pot and new soils in two or three weeks, as in most cases the plants in the stores are grown in soils with low nutritional value, the composition of which is very far from the ideal.
For the cultivation of limonella is ideal soil for citrus, such substrates have the necessary acidity and contain all the necessary plant nutrients. The choice of the next date of transplantation must be approached more responsibly, since it is better to carry out this manipulation in early spring, before the plant enters the stage of active growth. When choosing a new planting tank, choose one that is several centimeters in diameter larger than the old pot. Also remember that limequat does not tolerate stagnant moisture, and therefore equip it with a good drainage layer.
The plant does not tolerate traumatizing the roots, and therefore it is better to send the culture to settle in a new pot using transshipment.
03/10/2017 Author: admin Category: Cultivation and care, Sorta 6 322 Views
Limequat (limonella) was bred by crossing Mexican lime with Japanese kumquat in 1909 in China, according to other sources - in Florida. Three plant species are described: Lakeland (Lakeland), Eustis (Eustis) and Tavares (Tavares).
The flowers are white, in Tavares - pink, bloom in late winter-early spring.
Calorie limonella is 20 kcal per 1 fruit. It contains fats and proteins in a small amount, there are 7 g of carbohydrates, 2 g of dietary fiber, 54 g of water. The peel of citrus contains manganese, molybdenum, iron and copper, in the pulp - potassium, calcium and phosphorus. Most in limequate vitamin C, there are vitamins A, E, PP, B5, B4.
The benefits of limequat are as follows:
- contributes to the body's fight against viruses
- useful in cardiovascular diseases,
- relieves fatigue
- improves metabolism
- favorably affects the work of the nervous system,
- promotes the absorption of iron
- protects against environmental hazards,
- provides a good mood.
In folk medicine
Traditional medicine uses limequat to:
- relief of migraine
- relieving pain from inflammation of the nerves,
- prevention of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract,
- inhalation with colds,
- good night.
Beauticians on the basis of limonella make means:
- tonic lotions
- anti wrinkle masks
- skin softening oils
- to relieve inflammation on the skin,
- preparations for removing warts
- creams for tired skin.
Limequat can be added to any dish instead of lemon or lime, but due to its more intense flavor, it is added in smaller quantities.
With the help of a special citrus juicer, you can squeeze out juice from it and drink it, mixing it with other juices. Based on it, you can make stuffing, cocktail, cream, meringue or soufflé, you can sprinkle them on peeled apples so that they do not darken.
The peel is suitable for making candied fruit and peel. The flesh together with the peel is suitable for candied slices, from the pulp of limequat and other fruits you can make a fruit salad. The original taste will have a jam from limonella.
This citrus is suitable not only for desserts, but also for preparing meat sauce, roasting fish or poultry.
By planting a limequat, you can decorate not only the room, but also the area near the house. This tree looks good, even if the flowering period has not yet come or is already over. It is resistant to cold, gives a generous harvest, starts to bear fruit early and is not picky in care. However, it is necessary to plant it in special containers, and not in open ground - it will not be able to spend the winter on the street limonella.
Choice of location and lighting
Limonella loves an abundance of light, like other citrus fruits. It is best to have it on the east or west window, on the south you need to shade the plant at the peak of the solstice to protect the foliage from burns.
In winter, the plant is recommended to highlight with a lamp to ensure light for 12 hours, otherwise the leaves will become pale, begin to dry around the edges and fall off. Although the plant does not die, the leaves grow back in the summer.
Laymkvat maintains temperature to +10 ° C, the upper limit makes +30 ° C. Plants planted in the area near the house should be brought into the room for the winter, they will not survive the frost.
Substrate and fertilizer
Laymkvat need to be planted in the soil with a neutral level of acidity. Improved soil structure will help add to it:
- sand (at the rate of 1 to 10),
- ash (1 teaspoon for a glass of soil).
Land for planting can be gathered in the park away from coniferous trees, chestnut and oak. In the upper layer of such soil a lot of biohumus. To improve its structure, add:
- sand - at the rate of 1 to 2,
- humus - 1.5 tablespoons per cup of earth,
- ash - 1 teaspoon per glass.
At the bottom of the pot should definitely put drainage. Top ground can be compounded with compost.
A month after planting, there are no nutrients left in the ground, so the plant needs to be fed. You can buy special preparations for citrus in the store. From homemade fertilizers recommend these:
- 1 spoon of ash dissolved in 1 liter of water
- ordinary tea brew,
- finely chopped quinoa, bathed in water and infused day.
You can also put 0.5 liters of limewood in a one-liter jar, pour water to the edge, stir, infuse for 2 days. Further, this means fertilize the plant.
Top dressing is carried out 1 time in 10 days in the period from the beginning of flowering to the end of fruiting, be sure to water the soil before.
Planting and breeding
After buying a limequat, as well as when it exceeds the double height of the pot, a transplant should be carried out. The best time for this is mid-February. Transplantation requires special care, the plant is transplanted along with the ground in which it grew, without straightening and not washing the roots. It is possible to propagate limonella by seed or cuttings, however, the first method is more troublesome and requires vaccinations for fruiting.
- On the cuttings fit those trunks that have already become partially woody, not younger than six months old. Cuttings can also be prepared in the process of cutting the plant.
- Cut the stalk with three to four leaves, cut the bottom sheet. From below, the stem is cut diagonally, from above - straight. With the help of a needle, small scratches are made on the bottom of the bark, they can be treated with a special agent that promotes the growth of the roots (“Kornevin”).
- Drainage is poured into a small pot, the prepared soil is planted and a cutting is planted along the level of the second leaf, then watered and covered with a can, bottle or plastic bag. This shelter periodically needs to be lifted to provide access to fresh air.
- You should not water the cuttings too often, otherwise the roots will rot. Optimally - after the appearance of the first leaflets, but if the earth dried up earlier, then you can water it.
Watering and moisture
Лаймкват не переносит избытка влаги, он погибает, поэтому нужно соблюдать правило: нельзя поливать растение, пока земля в горшке на ощупь не стала сухой. At the same time, the amount of water for irrigation should be such that the whole earth is soaked to the bottom.
The tree tolerates dry air well, but in the winter in some apartments the humidity becomes critically low. Some spray water around the plants, but this can cause them to rot. To increase the humidity, you can put flat stones on the bottom of the vessel and pour water to the middle of their height. Pot with limonella put on the stones, making sure that it does not touch the water.
Diseases and pests
Limequat is prone to these diseases:
- Chlorosis - yellow spots appear on the leaves, the leaves begin to fall. Caused by improper fertilization or insect exposure. It is necessary to cut off the diseased leaves, treat the shoots with a soap solution, find out the cause of the disease and fight it.
- Malsecco - drying out caused by fungus. Often applies to plants planted near the house on the leeward side. There is no way to fight; only preventive actions are possible, such as treatment with fungicides.
Pests affecting limequat are:
- Worms: fluffy, waxy, soft, mealy - small worms eating a plant. At home, you can insist grated onions in 0.5 liters of water for 2 days and process the wood.
- Shchitovka red. You may find drops of dirty brown. A means of combating them is soap suds or store chemistry (“Aktara”, “Bankol”).
- Pliers red and silver - a thin web appears on the leaves, white scurf. To combat using onion or garlic tincture, you can purchase store-based remedies ("Neoron", "Actofit").
- Aphids are small green or black fleas that drink juice from a plant. Fight them with onion, garlic tincture, soap suds or chemical means ("Fitoverm", "Akarin").
Harvesting and storage of raw materials
The ripening time of limonella is the beginning of September. The ripe fruits of the limequat fall, but if this does not happen, they can be picked by hand. Then they should be washed, dried with a paper towel and stored in the refrigerator for no longer than 3 weeks. Up to 6 months, it is possible to extend the shelf life of the fruit, if it is frozen at a temperature not lower than -18 ° C.
The fruit can be removed and dried zest, without access of moisture, it can be stored for up to 1 year. Use it in desserts or add to tea for flavor.
Cooked limequat jam can be stored in a dark room for up to 1 year. The same will be stored harvested juice of limonella, but for this it is necessary to bring to a boil, and this will destroy most of the vitamin C.
As you have already seen, limequat can take a worthy place in your home flower garden and decorate any part. It is easy to care for him, if you do not forget to provide enough light and watering as needed, and the harvest will be useful not only for food, but for treatment.
Limequat Online Reviews
A small tree is grown as a container plant in the form of a bush. There are three varieties of limequat, which appeared as a result of various crosses of Citrus aurantifolia x Fortunella. They were bred in the USA, in Florida and named Lakeland, Eustis, Tavares in honor of the cities of the state.
All varieties of limequat are very decorative, but they have gained popularity not only by their spectacular appearance. The plant is not afraid of frosts, very fruitful and begins to bear fruit at an early age. Small-sized, oval or elongated, greenish-yellow or yellow limequat fruits have the characteristic aroma of lime. The rind is thin, sweetish taste, but the fruit is sour.
CARE: Unlike some citrus varieties in the care of limequat is not difficult, not fastidious plant. It is important that he had enough light, moderate watering and timely feeding, especially in summer and when fruiting. Grow as a rule in the form of a bush, because The limequat starts branching from a small age and size.
APPLICATION: Widely used in cooking. Lemonella oil has a reputation as a means to clarify thoughts, and therefore helps with headaches, migraines, neuralgia.
The fruits look like this: Small, cute, dried peel, soft, fragrant, without a white bitter layer, like lime. The aroma of limequats is thinner than that of limes, a bit nobler, closer to kumquats. The taste is sour, like that of lemon or lime, but not so sharp, 3-4 seeds per fruit. In general, nothing special! Well served in pastries, in tea, in marinades. Yes, wherever you can use lime or lemon. I would even buy it often and even with pleasure, but on condition that the price be at least 200 rubles per kg, as well. unlikely to buy more. I want to try to plant a couple of seeds, suddenly grow in the room. At least in the shops, pots with fruiting limonella are sold here.
In general, I recommend the fruit, but I lower the estimate for the cost!