He conducted work on the variety of the apple tree Uslada, the photo of which is presented below on the page, in Soviet times, the then famous breeder Isaev, a pupil and successor of Michurin himself. The first results were obtained by this specialist in 1961. Apple trees grown by him and his assistants in the Botanical Garden of Moscow State University, gave an excellent harvest of fruits with excellent taste.
In 1996, work on the variety Uslada breeders was continued. This time the apple tree was zoned for the central regions of Russia. As a result, Delight indicators such as frost resistance and scab resistance in wet years were improved. The modern version of this variety is great for growing not only in the central regions of the country, but also in the Urals or in Siberia.
General description of the apple tree Delight
Trees of this variety usually grow not too high - up to 3-4 meters. Crohn's delights at a young age rounded. As it grows, however, it becomes widespread. One of the drawbacks of this apple tree is the thickening of the crown. It is imperative to prune this variety. Otherwise, “variegated”, not very neat fruits will ripen on the tree in the future. In addition, in the absence of timely pruning, it is likely that the resistance of the apple to scab will also decrease.
Stamps at the grade Uslada strong and smooth. The color of the bark covering it is dark gray. Oblique-vertical branches of this variety have the same shade. Apple shoots Delight dark brown, thin, slightly pubescent. Their internodes are short. The leaves of this variety are large, sharp, usually directed upwards. Their lower surface is pubescent.
The advantages of this variety gardeners, among other things, include high yields. Fruits Delight ripen around the end of August. That is, the variety belongs to the early autumn. Apples Delights have fairly thick petioles, well attached to the branches. Therefore, they almost never crumble. This, of course, can also be attributed to the unconditional advantages of these trees.
Unfortunately, the variety Uslada does not belong to the early crop. For the first time, apples on a tree planted in the garden ripen only for the 4th-5th year. Sometimes it happens even in the 7th year.
This variety got its name, of course, for good reason. Apples on Uslada grows really very sweet and fragrant. The main color of the skin of the fruit of this variety is green, and the coverslip is red (with blurred stripes). The pulp of ripe apples Delight is mostly yellow-green. Only in some places it may have a pink tint. In any case, the pulp of the fruit of this class is quite dense and at the same time very juicy.
In addition to excellent taste, Delight apples are also characterized by the fact that they contain a very large amount of vitamins. Therefore, they are recommended including for children, and diet. For example, vitamin C in the fruits of this variety contains almost 2 times more than in the famous Antonovka. The taste of apples in this variety is sweet, with a sour and raspberry flavor.
Apples can be used for both fresh consumption and canning. Compotes, jams and jams from them are very tasty. However, the fruits of this variety, unfortunately, have not been stored for too long. It is recommended to eat them a maximum within a month after harvesting.
Above, the reader can see a close-up of the fruit of the apple tree Delight in the photo. The description given to these apples above in the article, as well as reviews of summer residents, allow us to judge them as very tasty. However, the fruits of this variety have one more important advantage. Apples Apples, among other things, also look very attractive. Therefore, the variety is considered to be commercial. You can also use the fruits of this apple for sale. Moreover, their transportability is relatively good.
The chemical composition of apples
Thus, the excellent taste of the fruit is something for which, among other things, the good apple tree of Uslada has earned feedback from the gardeners. From the photo, you can also judge that they grow quite large, neat and very beautiful. If we talk about the chemical composition, then the fruits of this variety contain:
tannins - 53 mg,
ascorbic acid - 2.8 mg / 100 grams,
R-active substances - 0.12 mg / 100 grams,
pectin - 7.5% per dry weight.
Choosing a landing site
To plant an apple tree Delight should be on the place of the garden where the level of groundwater is not too high. The soil in the selected area should be quite fertile. The more nutrients an apple tree receives, the larger its fruits will grow. On poor and medium soils, the weight of apples of this variety ranges from 110-130 grams. On nutrient soils, this figure can reach 170 grams.
Experienced gardeners are not advised to plant this variety on too mineralized soils. That is, wetlands, dry sands or very dense clays are not suitable for him. Best of all, the apple variety will delight on light loamy or soddy-carbonate soils. Also for these trees is to choose the most lit place.
How to plant
The pit under the apple tree of Uslada should be prepared about a week and a half before planting. Since this variety belongs to semi-dwarf, it is not necessary to make it too big. It will be enough to 50 cm in depth and diameter. However, this size is suitable mainly for fertile soils. On poor soil, the pit should be made bigger — about 70 cm deep and 100 cm in diameter.
To fill the seedlings will need to prepare a nutrient mixture:
1-2 buckets of peat or humus,
300 grams of superphosphate,
To all these components should be mixed with the top layer of soil removed from the pit. About 1/3 of the pit is filled with the obtained nutrient soil. Next, install the seedling itself and tie it to a stake. The latter must be inserted in the middle of the pit. The roots of the tree should be distributed as evenly as possible. Then the seedling should be sprinkled with the prepared mixture to the top. At the final stage around the tree equip the hole and fill it with water.
So, we found out that, in fact, is the apple tree of Uslada (description, photo, reviews are given in the article), and also we figured out how to plant this variety on the plot. But as already mentioned, the crown of these trees needs periodic pruning. The procedure for its formation should begin in the second year after planting apple trees.
To avoid the thickening of the crown, before starting sap flow, the branches that appear in the trunk zone on the apple tree should be removed. You also need to shorten last year's growth of about 1/3. In this case, the apple tree will start to grow to the sides and will not reach up. Consequently, it will be much easier to care for her.
In subsequent years, when pruning, you need to remove part of last year’s branches, cut off vertical and frostbitten shoots. Properly formed apple Delight should have 3-4 tiers with almost horizontally growing branches. In each tier of them should be 3-4 pieces.
Young apple trees Delight should be watered in the warm season about once a month. At the same time for each tree to spend 2-3 buckets of water. Adult apple trees of this variety are watered abundantly at least 4 times per season.
Of course, delight should be from time to time and feed. In spring, this variety is usually fertilized with ready-made nitrogen compounds or manure. The second time the apple tree is fed during flowering. This time they also use manure or diluted chicken.
In the summer spend foliar feeding. At the same time, apple trees are sprayed with solutions of nitrogen and potash fertilizers. You can also feed Delight at this time and under the root. In this case, it is desirable to use nitrophoska (1 kg) and dry sodium humate (20 g) as a fertilizer. These substances should be dissolved in 200 liters of water. For each tree you need to use 3 buckets of 10 liters.
Apple trees too high. Delight does not grow. Therefore, it is usually very easy to harvest from them. Determining that the fruits of Delight have ripened is easy. Their skin becomes bright red, and the seeds - brown. Padalicas in this variety, as already mentioned, are usually not too much. But if such apples are still there, they can be used for making jam or drying. Fruits removed from a tree are allowed to be stored for a while in a cool place. For bookmarks, it is worth picking slightly unripe apples.
Views of summer residents about the variety
Oblada has deserved just great reviews not only from Russian but also from Ukrainian and Belarusian gardeners. The gardeners include the advantages of this variety, of course, first and foremost, and simply the excellent taste of the fruit. With regard to demanding care, this apple tree also earned good reviews from the owners of country plots. According to the majority of summer residents, not only an experienced gardener, but also a novice will easily be able to grow Delight and get great harvests from it.
This variety is not only praised by gardeners who grow apples for themselves and their families. Excellent reviews about it are available from farmers. For the commercial cultivation of Delight, in their opinion, fits just fine.
The history of creating varieties of apple DelightMore than fifty years ago, a well-known Russian breeder, a follower of Michurin, S. I. Isaev, developed a new early autumn variety. The result was obtained in the botanical garden of the Moscow University named after Lomonosov by complex re-crossing of wild and cultivated species of apple trees. In the experiment, among other things, the cuttings of the Narodnoe, Severyanka, and Taiga breeds were used. For 35 years, the variety has been studied, experimented. Soon, Ulad was able to adapt to growing in other regions of the country, instilling resistance to frost and increased moisture in her. Zoned apple trees have successfully spread even to rainy, damp regions of Russia and beyond.
Tree descriptionThe apple tree of Uslada, on average, stretches no higher than 3 meters and is considered semi-dwarf. The krone is growing, prone to thickening, which prevents it from fully developing. In a young tree, it acquires a roundish shape, while in a more mature one it turns into an oval. An ingrained sapling begins to bear fruit already on the 4-5th year and brings a bountiful harvest every year - up to 80 kilograms from each apple tree. The trunk and main branches become dark gray as they grow and grow vertically with a slight slope. Young shoots rich brown, not thick, slightly covered with down. Buds are also pubescent, small, pressed to the germ. Leaves ovate, large, with a short spike at the end, fleecy from below.
Apple trees bring a regular and abundant harvest. If the tree grows on nutrient-rich, well loosened soil, the maximum weight of one apple Delights can reach 200 g. On poor soils, it ranges from 100-140 g.
Fruits are round or slightly oblong, not ribbed, they smell deliciously like raspberries, when ripe they acquire a bright red or pink shade, which sometimes incorporates yellow-green fragments. The skin is elastic, thin with clear numerous white dots. The flesh is juicy, pleasant to the taste, mostly white, although it may be pale pink. Apples of this variety are good fresh and in all kinds of homemade preparations. Even in canned fruits, healthy vitamins, pectins and natural sugars are preserved.From the middle of summer to the beginning of autumn, the period of ripening of the fruits of the apple tree Delight lasts. It is recommended to collect them immature, carefully removing from the tree. In such a case, they will successfully remain until January. For better preservation, the fruit is placed in wooden boxes and sent to the cellar. Some hostesses wipe each apple with a napkin moistened with alcohol to prevent rotting, especially carefully treating the area near the tail.
By the way, overripe fruits are not showered from the branches. It is better to recycle or eat them raw. In extreme cases, they lie down for no more than a month.
Advantages and disadvantages of the apple variety “Uslada”
After analyzing all the characteristics of the variety, its description and reviews of experienced gardeners, we can conclude about the predominance of the positive qualities of Delights.
Advantages can be considered:
- adaptability of the variety to our latitudes and climatic conditions,
- endurance to cold and low temperatures, even young apple varieties of Uslada will not suffer in severe winter,
- resistance to scab and other diseases
- fruit taste,
- early fruiting
- regular and abundant harvests
- good apple retention in winter
- great for cultivation with a commercial purpose - the apples on the market stand out for their large size, they look very appetizing and smell delicious,
- unpretentiousness of the tree in planting and care.
Landing dates and site selectionWherever you decide to plant Delight, it will take root on any soil. Most comfortably, the tree will feel itself on a moisture-intensive and breathable chernozem, well-lit area among other apple trees. In the shade, the fruits will lose their sugar content, and the yield will decrease. Also, the tree does not like the nearby groundwater. Make sure that they are at least 2-3 meters away. In cases of possible flooding of the site, you should land Delight on the hill and in order to avoid stagnation of water, good drainage should be foreseen.
The optimum time for planting an apple tree. Uslada is considered to be early spring, when the snow melted and the earth was warm enough. Some gardeners prefer the fall period for planting in the last decade of September and early October. In their opinion, cultivation occurs much more successfully, since a powerful root system has time to form before the start of the growing season. This contributes to rainy wet weather. In the northern regions of the country, landing was recommended to be carried out a little earlier, focusing on climatic features.
Preparatory work before landing
The soil for spring planting is prepared in autumn, and for autumn - one month before planting the seedlings. First of all, it is loosened by carefully removing the roots of perennial weeds. Then the land is fertilized by mixing 8 kg of manure, 10 kg of peat, 100 g of superphosphate and 40 g of potassium sulfate or potassium salt per square meter of garden.
If the site was under venting, in the fall it must be carefully dug so as not to destroy the tubers of the earth. Over the winter the turf will decompose. At the beginning of spring, soil is harrowed, and in May they are again dug up. Particular attention should be paid to the acidity of the soil. The norm for apple trees is considered to be a pH of 5.5-6.5. If it is higher, you must make the extinguished lime. Other gardeners recommend using dolomite flour or meadow marl to reduce acidity.
It is worth proceeding to the cultivation of a new plot two years before the laying of the garden. A few weeks before planting apple seedlings, Uslada takes on the preparation of the holes. They are dug in depth by 70-90 cm and breadth by 50-70 cm. At the same time, it is important to lay the soil from the top layer in one direction, and from the bottom - less fertile - in the other.
These requirements should not be neglected, since during the planting we will sprinkle the tree with enriched soil, i.e. removed from the upper layer. Then the bottom of the pit is thoroughly flooded and a pre-prepared filling mixture is poured with a mound, which is recommended not to be prepared in the well, but near it, which will allow to mix the fertilizer with the fertile soil from the top layer. After that, the pit is covered with a film, saving from possible rain. After 14 days, the earth will erode, and you can bury the seedling. When planting, it is important to carefully straighten its roots and water them abundantly. Before the roots should be treated clay mash.
We managed to collect the best practical tips gardeners on the preparation of nutrient mixtures for planting apple trees:
- add 10 kg of humus (can be replaced by compost), 20 g of superphosphate, 15 g of potash fertilizer,
- for one planting well, 2 buckets of humus or compost are needed, 3 buckets of peat crumb, 1 kg of granulated superphosphate and wood ash each,
- if there are no mineral fertilizers, it is quite possible to replace them with organic ones - humus and compost,
- it is categorically not recommended to use fresh manure as fertilizer: by releasing ammonia and hydrogen sulfide, it poisons the seedling root system,
- lime and nitrogen-containing fertilizers are never added to the filling mixture because they impair the rooting of the plant,
- древесную золу можно заменить сернокислым калием (на одну лунку необходимо около 150 г), при отсутствии того и другого компонента в смесь добавляют 100 г хлористого калия,
- on sandy soils, approximately 10 cm of a mixture of humus and loamy soil is added to the bottom of the well for retaining moisture. And also requires potassium magnesia.
Planting scheme seedlingsDespite the miniature nature of the apple trees of the Uslada variety, they are planted far from other trees, which provides them with good lighting and full development. In the schemes described in the scientific literature, a row spacing of 3-5 meters is foreseen, and the distance between apple trees in the row is 2-3 meters. A week after planting, the soil near the seedling is mulched and re-watered. Tall trees need to be tied up for the first time to pegs.
Watering, loosening and weeding the soil
4-5 times a month. Delight needs watering. Under one adult tree, you need to pour a bucket of water twice a day. Watering is best done in the morning and evening. The crucial moment comes from the middle to the end of summer, during the fruiting period. At the same time, the buds of the future harvest are formed. Therefore, in order not to lose it, you need to seriously consider the water requirements of the plant. In August, watering of the tree is stopped, otherwise the shoots will enter a long growth, which can be reflected in the winter in severe frosts. If the summer was hot, watering continued until the cold weather, so that the apple tree stretched out moisture. Periodically do not forget to loosen the soil and remove weeds.
Top dressing of an apple tree begins in spring, during active flowering. Gardeners widely use mineral and organic fertilizers. Often, from 5 to 15 kg of humus or horse humus (can be replaced with bird droppings or compost) is applied per square meter of tree trunks. Also prepare a mixture of 500 g of urea and 40 g of ammonium nitrate, nitroammofoski. Liquid is poured into specially prepared holes in the soil, up to 30 cm deep, which are leveled after watering.
Every autumn, when the fruits are already harvested, the tree is fed with fertilizers that do not contain nitrogen. Especially often poor, sandy lands need this procedure.
Preventive treatment for pests and diseasesBreeders have taken care of the stability of the apple Delight to disease. But prevention does not hurt. To this end, annually in the fall removed from the garden of fallen leaves, so that bacteria do not breed and rodents do not hide. In early spring, before bud break, the tree is treated with Bordeaux mixture:250 g of unsold lime are diluted in 10 liters of cold water, and 250 g of copper sulfate is dissolved in 2.5 liters of warm water. Straining the first solution, it is combined with the second and carefully mixed.
In the period of bud break, apple trunks and branches, as well as pristolovoe soil are sprayed with insecticides. Well proven drugs: Voliam Targo, Insegar, Nurell D.
In early spring, when the sap flow begins, the branches must be cut. The main task of such pruning is to remove the "top" and thinning the crown. In the process of work, it is necessary to ensure that the branches do not obscure each other. In mature trees, cleaning the crown contributes to their rejuvenation. By the way, shortening the branches, you can also adjust the yield, sugar content and the size of the fruit, the number of pests on the plant.
There are clear rules for competent pruning of apple trees:
- Cut by a third branch of the sapling when planting accelerate the laying of the crown.
- Systematic pruning should be done every year in March-April, before the buds bloom. Autumn pruning is not recommended.
- Inventory must be sharp.
- If it is necessary to remove the entire branch, the cut must pass at the base, without stumps.
- Place cut cut with garden pitch.
- Strongly drooping branches, hung with fruits, in cases where they lie on the ground, clean.
- When pruning young shoots, preference is given to powerful and growing straight. It is important not to confuse with the "top".
- "Tops" are removed without any regrets.
- Cut no more than ¼ shoots so as not to injure the tree.
Protecting apple from haresResistant to fierce winter tree can not resist rodents. To help the apple trees, their trunks at the bottom are tied with coniferous branches, wrapped in roofing felt, film or mesh, smeared with deterring mixtures. For their preparation using fish oil, naphthalene, lard. These fragrant means scare away even very hungry hares. Other gardeners practice black cardboard circles attached to the branches, which make a noise in the wind and do not allow nibbling the bark as protection.
What kind does it belong to?
Like many other similar varieties, Delight apples belong to the category of early autumn. Fruit ripening usually occurs in late summer or early September. True, you can pick apples a little earlier, slightly unripe.
Insufficiently ripe fruits can be stored for quite a long time, until the middle of winter (of course, subject to the proper storage conditions). These apples should be folded in wooden boxes and stored in a cool dry place (for example, in the cellar or on the balcony).
The ripe fruit is unlikely to lie very longAfter a few weeks they begin to deteriorate, so they should be consumed as soon as possible.
Like most other apple trees, the variety Uslada is one of the most fruitless. To achieve a bountiful harvest, you should plant such trees next to other apple varieties.
Planting such trees should be close to each other in order to ensure full cross-pollination. Own Delight to pollination is extremely low, therefore, if planting such a tree one by one, there will be no harvest at all or it will be minimal.
Description of the variety Uslada
It is easy to recognize the Varietta apple trees, first of all, by their small sizes - you can see this in the photo and read other features in the description.
This variety is semi-dwarf, so these apples are usually quite tiny (which makes it much easier to care for them).
The crown of a young tree has a rounded shape, and as it grows and matures, it gradually stretches.
The color of the fruit is greenish-yellow, with a delicate scarlet blush. To taste, Delight apples are unusually good (their name speaks for itself). They are traditionally referred to as dessert varieties of apples. The fruits are very juicy, sweet, with a slightly sour and raspberry flavor. These apples are good both in fresh form, and for various homemade preparations.
Apple tree of Delight - one of the numerous results of the works of the world famous breeder S.I. Isaev. For many years he conducted active experiments, crossed cultural and wild varieties of fruit trees.
As a result of one of these experiments in the early 60s of the last century, this variety appeared. In the 90s, he was zoned in the central part of the country, where he underwent many years of research.
Natural growth region
As we mentioned, the apple tree Uslada primarily lives in the European part of Russia.
However, due to its excellent winter hardiness and endurance, Uslada can get along well in other regions. This apple tree is especially good for those parts of the country where cold and rainy summer is often observed - the resistance to scab disease in such trees is extremely high.
Generally this variety is quite unpretentious and hardy, so even novice gardeners can grow such a tree.
Another advantage this variety is his propensity for excellent yields. Moreover, the tree begins to bring a large number of fruits quite early, already in the fourth or fifth year of its life. In general, the yields are quite abundant, and, moreover, they also differ in their amazing regularity.
From year to year the tree of this variety can bear a huge amount of fruit, which, of course, can not but rejoice. On average, the yield of one apple is estimated at about 60-80 kg of ripe fruit.
Planting and care
Guaranteed high yields - the right tree care.
Young seedlings varieties Uslada better planted in loose black soil.
Nearby must be other apple varieties to ensure pollination.
In general, these trees are quite unpretentious, and therefore do not require complex maintenance. It is enough once a year to cultivate the soil with fertilizers and regularly cut extra branches..
However, it is worth noting that the pruning of trees of this variety is very easy to carry out, given their small growth (the trees of Uslada rarely grow more than 3-4 meters).
Diseases and pests
Uslada is a variety that is distinguished not only by its juicy, tasty fruits and high yields, but also by its resistance to various pests and fungal diseases.
By its ability to resist scab, Uslada confidently occupies one of the leading places.
Therefore, these special apple trees do not require any special protection against diseases; only annual preventive treatment with special chemical compounds will suffice.
The variety of apple trees Delight fully corresponds to its beautiful name. Delicate fragrant fruits with juicy fragrant pulp and light sourness - their main advantage. No wonder these amazing apples are so fond of gardeners in our country. Caring for the delight is quite simple, so you are quite able to grow such a tree on your site.
Description, characteristic varieties with photos
Apple tree of Delight, it is skoroplodny, fruitful and regularly fructifying grade.
A tree that has been planted bears fruit for 4 or 5 years. Apples ripen from late August to mid-September. The yield from one tree is 60–80 kilograms of apples.
Variety Uslada samobrezlodny and requires neighborhood with other varieties of apple trees.
The best pollinators for it are such apple trees as:
- The president
The tree is low, with a dwarf rootstock reaches 3 meters, the seed reaches 3.5-4 meters. Crohn first rounded, then becomes oval. It is thick and requires annual pruning.
The tree trunk is dark gray. Skeletal branches grow vertically, but under the weight of apples tend to a nearly right angle. The color of the bark on the main branches is gray. Shoots of medium length, dark brown, thin or medium thickness, rounded, with slight pubescence.
The internodes are short, small, short. Buds are reddish-brown, pubescent, pressed to the shoots.
Leaves ovate, large. The edges are markedly crenate. The tip is short pointed. The bottom of the sheet is pubescent. The upper side is smooth. The scape of medium thickness and length, painted. Leaf blades have small stipules of lanceolate form.
Fruit weight 100-130 grams (sometimes reaches 170-200 grams). The shape of apples is round or slightly oval, smooth, without ribs. The skin is thin, elastic. The main color of the fruit is greenish-yellow, the covering raspberry-red, visible obscure stripes and a bright blush. Under the peel easily visible small light points.
The funnel of the apple is wide, the edges are moderately rusty. Calyx half-closed. The saucer is not wide, of medium depth. Seed chambers slightly open. Seeds are dark brown in color, medium size. Heart shaped bulb. Podchashechnaya tube conical shape. The stem is of medium thickness, lowered.
The taste is sweet and sour, with a slight taste and raspberry flavor. The flesh is white, sometimes pale pink, juicy, dense, tender, fine-grained.
When ripe, the apples remain on the branches and firmly hold on strong cuttings.
If the fruits are collected in an immature form, they can be stored until January. They need to go through, removing all the spoiled. Then put in boxes and put in a ventilated, cool and dry place with an air temperature of no more than +7 degrees.
Ripe and overripe apples are suitable for processing or use within one month. They make excellent juices, compotes, fillings for pies, jams, preserves, jellies, marmalades, fruit liqueur, cider and punch.
History of the variety
Uslada's apples are the brainchild of the famous breeder S. I. Isaev, a disciple of Michurin himself. Crossing wild and cultivated varieties of apples, the scientist sought to take from each only the best features. And he succeeded. In 1961, the experiments were crowned with success, and a new variety appeared. It is resistant to severe frosts, tolerates wet rainy summer and is practically not affected by scab.
Variety of apple trees Delight: a description of the tree and fruit
According to the description of the apple varieties Uslada low (no more than three meters). Young trees are distinguished by a round crown, with time it turns into an oval. The branches are growing thick. Proper pruning is not only a matter of aesthetic appeal, but also a guarantee of tree health. Fruits will become non-uniform in size. The leaves are large, shaped like an egg. The plates are turned up, pointed tips. The lower part of the leaf plate is noticeably pubescent.
Apples varieties Uslada treat dessert. Ripen in early autumn. They differ in average size, weighing from 100 to 130 g (there are cases when one fruit reached 200 g).
Apples do not have the same shape: they can be round, oval or conical, without ribbing. The main color is yellow with a greenish sheen, the additional color is scarlet or crimson. As a rule, it is an additional color that forms the entire color of the apple. The fruits are characterized by a sweet-sour taste and an unusual raspberry flavor. The flesh is dense, juicy and tender. The fruits are actively used in the household and baby food, as they contain much more vitamin C than in other varieties.
It is preferable to plant two-year seedlings. In the south, this is done at the end of autumn (approximately in October), in the center - in spring. The best soil is loose black soil. However, with proper fertilizer (3–4 kg of manure / m 2 of land) it will also grow well in loams. Also allowed areas with a slight stagnation of thawed and rainwater.
Landing should be shaded, without direct sunlight.
Planting and caring for apple Delight simple. Approximately a week before the proposed landing day, pits are prepared. Their optimum depth is 70 cm. The earth needs to be loosened and fed. The dosage per square meter is as follows: from 10 to 20 kg of compost or humus, 25 g of superphosphate and 15 to 20 g of nitrogen and potash fertilizers each. The distance between the landing holes - from 4 to 5 meters.
The seedling is placed in a hole and gently sprinkled with earth, lightly tamped on top. Apple tree immediately tied to a peg. After a good watered. After about 7 days, the soil is mulched and watered again. The landing procedure is best done with an assistant.
Advantages and disadvantages
Description of the variety always starts with its advantages. Uslada tolerates winter colds well, practically does not suffer from diseases, especially resistance to scab allows it to be grown in areas with rainy summer. But the fallen leaves still need to be removed from the garden, in order not to support the growth of pathogenic bacteria, and not to give shelter to rodents.
Abundant yields, early fruiting, good keeping quality of fruits, easy, easy-care, allow you to grow apples not only for themselves, but even for commercial purposes.
The description of the deficiencies is usually reduced to one - in the absence of pruning the apple tree produces fruits of uneven size. It is easy to deal with this by including in the mandatory care annual competent cutting of a tree, especially since it is not too high.
Apple trees of this variety are grown everywhere in the central regions, it is easy to find its description and reviews. The one who planted “Delight” in his country house, certainly recommends it as a very grateful, not requiring hard work or special care for an apple tree.
Fruits “Delights” are of medium size, they ripen in August-September, usually weighing 100-130 g, sometimes they can reach 170 g if the trees grow on black soil.
Round yellowish-green apples with a red flush, reaching full ripeness, become red, white dots appear through a thin (but strong) skin. They have a pleasant dessert taste, sweet and sour, and raspberry flavor. The high content of pectins, sugars and vitamin C (twice as much as in Antonovka) causes the use of apples of this variety in baby and dietary foods. Moreover, they are good not only fresh, but also after cooking, and their benefits do not lose even after preservation.
If you harvest the crop slightly immature, and then stored in a cool room, then these wonderful apples can be eaten, even in the middle of January.
The crown of the tree grows heavily, and this greatly affects the size of the fruit. If you do not engage in the annual pruning of the branches, the fruits will be born uneven, many small ones will appear. This is especially bad for gardeners who grow apples for sale. But it is easy to deal with this - you just need to limit the growth of the crown, ruthlessly cut out tops and shorten the branches that tend to obscure the neighbors. Then fragrant tasty apples with fine-grained white, and in some places slightly reddish pulp, will be almost the same size.
Caring for an Oblasta apple tree is similar to other fruit trees.
In particular, these rules should be followed:
- Do not allow the soil to dry out. Apple delights love moist and loose earth.
- Competently make feeding. For every square meter of a near-circle wheel there is no more than 5 kg of cow manure (it can be replaced with a kilogram of chicken manure or 6 kg of humus). During flowering, use liquid complex fertilizers (1/2 cup + 5 l of water). After three days, each liter of solution is additionally diluted with a bucket of water.
- Регулярно обрезать сухие и спутанные ветки (вплоть до здоровой древесины). Места срезов зачищают острым лезвием и обрабатывают садовым варом.
- Перед зимой корни покрывают слоем лапника или перегноя.
Профилактика от болезней и вредителей
Delight is a very resistant variety. But preventive measures are still held annually in the spring. First, the crowns are treated with unblown buds (Bordeaux liquid or copper sulfate), and then, when they bloom, use various insecticides (Insegar, Volyam Targo and others). You also need to regularly clean the garden of fallen leaves, broken branches and other things.
To protect the trees from rodents, branches are coated with lard or fish oil mixed with naphthalene.
Apple-tree Delight is pleased with the gardener with its tasty fruits and unpretentious care. Fruits are stored quite well, and are also suitable for home-made preparations. This variety is recommended to use in the diet, both adults and children.
The relative unpretentiousness, lack of special care and high resistance to weather conditions and pests have made Delight ideal for cultivation in both private gardening and industrial gardens. Further, its main characteristics.
Apple tree Uslada refers to frost-resistant crops that can be grown in central Russia. Growing on a dwarf stock can increase apple resistance to frost, cold winters with thick snow cover, as well as to the harsh Siberian climate, where the cultivation of the variety becomes possible thanks to delicate and professional cultivation.
Important! One of the features of the variety, which cannot be mentioned in the description of the apple delight, is its high yield: 4-5 years after planting, you can get about 80 kg of delicious apples. One fruit has an average weight of 120 grams, but it can grow up to 200 grams.
It is worth noting that the tree of this variety has a high growth rate (medium growth): an adult apple grows up to 4 meters in height. Krone Delights consists of medium-sized skeletal branches, they grow vertically. Young trees (up to 7 years) have a rounded crown, over the years it noticeably stretches and becomes oval. The parameters of planting an apple should be taken into account when planting: the distance between adjacent trees should not be less than 4 meters.
Disease and pest resistance
The variety perfectly resists known diseases of fruit trees, including scabs that are widespread in temperate climates. With proper care is not afraid of delight and other fungal diseases and pests.
Apple tree Delight in bloom
It is important to know! In order to grow a healthy tree on your plot, you need to buy a special tool in the store in the form of a solution, which is then used as a preventive measure for the appearance of diseases and pests.
When choosing a place for planting a young tree, preference should be given to light chernozem sites. On other soils, Delight will also grow well and bear fruit due to its endurance to cold, but it is unlikely to please with abundant crops.
Important! The planting site of the seedling should not be blown by the cold north wind. The best time to land Delights is the end of April or September.
It should be borne in mind that this variety of apple refers to the self-fruitless, so the tree needs cross-pollination to get a good harvest. Breeders call varieties like Orlik, Grushovka, Bogatyr the best pollinators for Delights - these seedlings are recommended to be planted next to Delight.
The pit is prepared 1-1.5 weeks before the landing:
- Parameters of the pit: depth 0.7 m, height and width - 0.5 m and more.
- To loosen the bottom of the pit with a shovel.
- Add the mixture prepared in the following proportions: 5 kg of peat, 1 bucket of fertile soil, 15 g of potash and nitrogen fertilizers, 2 buckets of humus (rotted), 25 g of superphosphate.
- To make the seedling more stable, it is recommended to drive a peg into the pit, to which you will need to tie a tree later.
After a week and a half, you can buy a young varietal tree and plant it in a prepared pit, into which, just before planting, pour in a bucket of warm water. After a little trampling down the ground covered with a pit, you need to water the sapling again, but with settled water. At the very end you need to cover the landing site Delights with a layer of mulch: humus, moss, fine hay, peat.
This variety of apple needs regular basic care of the tree itself. Without proper procedures, the harvest can significantly lose both in volume and taste.
So, caring for an apple tree in this class should include:
- Watering: weekly, in copious amounts, so that the soil under the apple tree was quite wet. An adult tree requires about 3 buckets of separated water.
- Loosening: removing weeds and ensuring air exchange in the soil.
- Top dressing: annually at the beginning of autumn to apply fertilizer prepared in the following proportions - 8 kg of precast compost, 5 kg of cow manure and 1 kg of bird droppings (per 1 square meter). During flowering, you must additionally use liquid fertilizers intended for apple crops.
- Pruning: held once a year, in the spring, before the start of sap flow. It is necessary to grease the cutting places with garden pitch. Thinning out the crown, it should be borne in mind that after it the sunlight should penetrate well into the apple crown. For sanitary purposes, they also remove hanging branches with a weak growth, as well as bitches frozen over the winter.
- Shtamb: it must be protected for the winter with a covering material (roofing sheet, net, spruce or pine paws) or smeared with mothballs or lime.