General information

Premix is ​​a nutritional supplement for growth and development.

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Every farmer wants his pets to be healthy and produce quality food. Today there are many ways to achieve this. Consider one of them, which is based on feeding with the addition of premixes.

What are premixes and what are they for?

All modern farms use additives because they have a positive effect on farm animals.

The premix comes from the words "pre-mix." In the premixes are vitamins, micro and macro elements, minerals, amino acids, antioxidants, antimicrobials. The filler (a product that dissolves and holds nutrients) can be from bran, crushed grain, grass meal, oil cake, yeast.

This substance is widely used in the technological process of mixing dry ingredients and dosing them in small quantities.

Premix is ​​used in the technology of uniform mixing of dry components. This technology is used for the manufacture of animal feed in the food, rubber, polymer industries.

Why give premix animals

The ingredients of the mixture help to increase the digestibility of nutrients of the feed, qualitatively assimilate their body. Vitamin complexes regulate and accelerate the fermentation process, normalize hormonal levels, increase the immunity of the animal.

Thus, pets are less sick, multiply better, perform their important functions in the household (for example, cows give more milk). The nutritional value of eggs in birds increases. Beasts gain weight faster.

Thanks to the mixtures, the organism of pets is purified from toxic, radioactive, poisonous substances that have entered through the external environment. Minerals strengthen the tissues, skeleton, muscles of pets.

By composition

Depending on the composition of the premix, there are several types:

  • vitaminized
  • mineralized,
  • vitamin-therapeutic,
  • vitamin and mineral.
Useful mixtures for animals are simple and complex. Simple - this mixture, which contain vitamins, minerals and vitamin-mineral complexes. Complex consist of essential amino acids, feed enzymes, probiotics, prebiotics, flavoring additives, sorbents.

How to choose the premix: what to look for when choosing

You need to choose a mixture that is designed specifically for your animal and is suitable for its age. It is better to buy an additive registered by a well-known large manufacturer, in order not to accidentally purchase a fake. Pay attention to the composition written on the package. Make sure that there are no harmful substances in it or those that your pets do not tolerate.

VIDEO: WHAT PREMIX FAVORABLE TO USE

How to give premix to animals: basic rules

In order for the mixture to benefit the animals, you need:

  • give them in the system, mixing with the main feed,
  • feed supplements in the morning so that she can digest better during the day,
  • First, mix a small dose of the additive and the same amount of feed well, and only then add the resulting amount to the total weight of the feed,
  • let the food cool after cooking, and then add the mixture: if you do not follow this rule, the nutrients of the additives can be destroyed by high temperature.
We concluded that premixes improve livelihoods, as well as increase the height, weight, and well-being of pets. The existing variety of types of supplements will be useful in every farmer's household. If you follow the rules for using a food additive, the quality and quantity of food products produced by animals will soon increase.

Non-farm Premixes

In addition to premixes, which are used to improve the growth and development of animals, there are other types of them. For example, a mixture for children is gaining much popularity - specially prepared juices, kissels and other drinks. There are "cocktails" for adults. The composition of those and others include vitamins, minerals and antioxidants, which have a beneficial effect on the human body.

Application Methods

Premix should be added immediately before the meal of animals. The product is well mixed with boiled potatoes, ground grain, or with waste from human food.

Tip: you need to give premixes in feeds once or twice a day, permissible once a day in the first half of the day.

The production and composition of premixes affect the dosage and the form in which they will be fed. It is acceptable to use a dry type dissolved in water or mixed with cows' food.

Examples of premixes: Pkk 61 1, Pkk 62 1, PAC PKR 2, PAC 62 2. They feed young cows and bulls from 4 to 18 months. Supplements consist mainly of vitamins and minerals. Products are mixed with ground grain and fed with this composition 1 time per day in the morning. In addition to the premix, a little salt and calcium phosphate can be added to the youngsters.

In 4 and 6 months of life of calves, the average daily rate is 75 grams, from 6 to 9 months the dosage grows to 85 grams, from 9 to 12 months to 100 grams, from 12 to 15 to 110, and from 16 to 18 to 125. Food at this time is saved by about 12 percent, the pain of livestock decreases by one and a half times, and the weight gain increases by 15 or 20 percent. From one ruble spent, the profit is approximately 15 rubles.

Cow premixes: Pcc 60 1, Pcc 60 3, Pcc 60 6M, Pcc 60 2. With the use of these premixes, the lactation of cows increases by 200 or 400 liters during the period, the main feed is saved by 6 or 8 percent, the incidence in the herd is reduced by one and a half or twice, the quality of milk is close to the diet product, the calves grow strong.

Tip: One-percent premix for a cow, depending on body weight and milk yield, should be daily from 100 to 220 grams. Cows on dry stands need from 90 to 120 grams of supplement.

Ingredients of the Burenka supplement to dairy cows, heifers and bulls are represented by antioxidants, a filler, vitamins A, D3 and E, and microelements: manganese, copper, zinc, cobalt and iodine. In the packaging of the contents of only 300 grams.

The product is poured into any wheat flour in compliance with the proportions of 1 to 1. In the morning, before feeding the cows and bulls, the daily dose of the mixture is added to the animal feed, everything mixes well. At the same time the food should be cool. Dairy cows need 55 or 60 grams of supplement for one head, pregnant cows need a dead weight of 35 to 40 grams, heifers from 30 to 35, bulls to producers from 45 to 50.

If a twenty-five-kilogram package of “Burenka” is used, oh, a 5 percent additive is added to the feed using single-stage or two-stage mixing. 0, 5 kilograms of products added to 99, 5 kilograms of feed. When cows graze in the meadows, the daily dosage is reduced by 2 times.

Conclusion

Premixes are needed to prevent diseases of cows and other livestock. They replenish the body of an animal with a lack of macroelements, trace elements and vitamin deficiency, increase productivity from 12 to 15 percent, nutritious and coarse foods under the influence of a saturated supplement are digested faster, while food is consumed in smaller quantities than if the premix was not given to animals.

The animal's immune system after using the premix becomes more robust and invulnerable, resistant to microbial attacks, even small doses of chemicals, radioisotopes and mycotoxins will not be able to destructive and pathogenic effect on the strengthened cow organism. At the same time, the nutritional value of milk and meat increases. With premixes it is easy to keep milk volumes at a high level not only for a year, but for the whole life of a cow.

If you apply the premix correctly, animals will not suffer from vitamin A deficiency, endemic goiter, endometritis, rickets, ketosis, postpartum paresis. An enriched dietary supplement will prevent postpartum delay, paracreatitis associated with a lack of zinc, bovine and goat osteomalacia, uterine subinvolution of cows, white muscular and bezoar calves and many other diseases are unlikely to be possible.

What is a premix?

Premix is ​​an additive to pet food obtained by mixing dry ingredients containing high concentrations of useful and necessary components to maintain animal health. The peculiarity of this feed material consists precisely in high concentrations of biologically active substances, which is why it is necessary to introduce premixes into the diet of animals strictly according to the instructions, in appropriate quantities.

Premixes are needed for various purposes, which is why today a wide range of this product is presented. However, in general terms, it can be said that the premix helps to realize the entire genetically inherent potential of growth, development and reproduction of each individual.

Distinguish between simple and complex premixes. It is not difficult to guess that such a division is based on the number of ingredients: simple premixes contain only one component, while complex ones may consist of 2 or more components.

The composition of the premixes -

The structure of this type of additives includes two main components:

  1. Filler. This is the main part of the premix, the task of which is to hold together all the useful components (biologically active substances) and glue the premix to a state that is acceptable for use and eating. The main substances are bran, grass meal, oil cake, yeast, crushed grain.
  2. Biologically active substances. This is the main part of the premix. Often these are: vitamins, micro and macronutrients, amino acids, proteins, enzymes, medicinal preparations, taste and aromatic additives, toxin sorbents, prebiotics and probiotics, and so on.

Depending on the type of animal and the desired effect, you should choose the composition of the premix. To date, a wide range of products of this type. Manufacturers create premixes for animals of different species and ages, for different periods of the animal's life.

What is the effect of the premix?

Once again we recall that application of premixes as a pure feed is impossible and unacceptable, they should be added to the main feed in strictly allocated amounts. What are the components of this product for?

  • Vitamins. These substances are necessary as coenzymes of important enzyme complexes of the animal, as well as to control the action of active radicals, cell division, the work of various organs and systems,
  • Micro- and macronutrients are necessary for the growth of bone tissue, the maintenance of water-salt balance, the chemical composition of each cell,
  • Amino acids and proteins act as donors of "building material" for the body's own proteins,
  • Enzymes help animals cope with the basic diet, normalize metabolism,
  • Medicinal preparations are necessary for the preservation of the greatest number of young individuals, especially those subject to diseases,
  • Taste and aromatic additives improve the appetite of animals, due to which they grow faster and gain mass, fully develop,
  • Toxin sorbents help eliminate toxic substances from the body of the animal, which can be produced naturally or get from the external environment,
  • Prebiotics and probiotics are components of the microflora of the digestive system of animals, especially important for cattle, because without adequate symbiotic microflora normal digestion and assimilation of nutrients is impossible.

The composition of the premix may include other components.

How are premixes used?

It is difficult to present to your attention a generalized algorithm of application. premix additives, because even within the same species, the number of premix for individuals of different ages and reproductive periods varies.

For large animals, for example, cows, goats, horses, pigs, the premix is ​​introduced in the amount of 0.5-1% of the total amount of feed (on average).

Acquiring a specific premix should carefully study the rules of its application.

What determines the quality of the premix?

Whatever vitamin premix (or another type) You choose, you should know what to build on when selecting an additive.

  1. The quality of raw materials. It is difficult to verify this experimentally or theoretically, but there are a number of certification organizations that assess the quality of raw materials and the manufacturability of production.
  2. The composition of the premix. Only safe ingredients that do not belong to the list of prohibited drugs (some growth stimulants, antibiotics, etc.) can be included in the dietary supplement for an animal.
  3. Manufacturability. When mass production of premixes, people have to work with huge batches of chemical raw materials, which is dangerous in such quantities. The more robotic production, the more accurate and safe it is for humans.
  4. Particle size is also very important. Small particles are easily mixed with the main feed and are well absorbed, but too small particles of premix can cause dust.
  5. Density also plays an important role in mixing.
  6. Premix humidity should not exceed 5%.
  7. The conditions of storage and transportation of the food additive must be observed.
  8. Products must be evaluated by the latest laboratories.

As you can see, there are quite a few requirements and not all manufacturers fall under them. But in our country, of course, there are decent producers of food additives for animals.

What it is and why animals need premixes

The word “premix” is based on Latin words meaning “pre-mix”. Supplements consist of vitamins, antioxidants, macro-and micronutrients, amino acids, minerals, antibiotics. The filler (the product that dissolves and retains the necessary elements) can be bran, crushed grain, grass meal, oil cake, yeast.

Premixes are widely used in the technological process of production of dry components and their dosing in small quantities. We need premixes in the manufacture of animal feed, as well as in the food, rubber, polymer industries.

At the plants for the production of animal feed, the composition of additives is thoroughly mixed. Premixes include from 10 to 30 different components. In the feed add 1% of this useful mixture.

What are premixes for? To increase the digestibility of useful elements of feed, high-quality assimilation by the body. With the help of vitamin complexes, the fermentation process is improved and accelerated, hormonal levels return to normal, and the animals are immune.

As a result, cattle becomes more healthy, reproductive function improves, etc., for example, milk yield increases in cows. Premixes are needed to increase the nutritional value of bird eggs, a better weight gain for birds and animals.

The mixtures help cleanse the body of domestic animals from toxic, radioactive, toxic substances from the external environment.

Types of premix for animals

There are several types of mixtures, the most popular of which are:

  1. Mineral premixes (they contain elements such as potassium, iron, magnesium, calcium, and others).
  2. Vitamins (including vitamins of groups B, D, K, biotin, folic and pantothenic acid).
  3. Vitamin-therapeutic (are mixtures of the second type with specially administered medications).
  4. Vitamin and mineral.

There is a division of useful mixtures for animals into simple and complex. The first includes vitamins, minerals and vitamin-mineral complexes. Secondly, they contain essential amino acids, feed enzymes, pro-and prebiotics, flavoring and aromatic additives, sorbents.

In addition, the premix can be divided into universal, which are suitable for all pets, and specialized. The latter are intended specifically for chickens, geese, horses, pigs, cattle and others.

What are premixes for chickens for?

So, what are premixes when it comes to breeding chickens? For birds raised for meat, a balanced, nutritious diet is very important.

There are two main approaches to feeding poultry. The first involves the use of complete feed (feed), taking into account the needs for useful and nutrients growing chickens. This approach is the most effective, since comminuted mixtures already contain vitamin and mineral components. In the production process, the content of basic substances and elements (i.e., proteins, fats, carbohydrates, fiber) is under the strict control of manufacturers.

If we are talking about chickens, then to get 1 kg of live weight, you must use 1.8–2 kg of feed (the breed of chickens and the conditions of their housing also matter). The advantages of this approach include the rapid growth of broiler chickens and ease of feeding. There is no need for grinding grain, boiling or steaming the components of the mash, additional purchase of premixes. The main disadvantage is the high cost of kombismesy. Этот способ кормления будет экономически оправданным в случае хороших условий содержания птицы и при большой численности их поголовья.

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Chickens grown in personal part-time and small-scale farming are often fed with wet or dry masses consisting of flour or grain, products from their vegetable garden, and food waste. In this case, homemade food needs to include various additives, including protein components, mineral and vitamin premixes. This approach to poultry fattening is less expensive than buying ready-made feed, however, a lower growth rate of poultry is noted.

Since about 60–70% of grain of cereals in the usual ration of birds, it needs to be enriched with amino acids, vitamins, enzyme preparations, antioxidants, trace elements and other components. Their direct introduction to the feed is rather difficult due to the too small amount, so it is best to use ready-made additives.

In this case, we need premixes for chickens, which are a homogeneous mixture of biologically active components and filler. As a last resort, in most cases, bran, ground wheat, and fodder yeast are used at home.

In the process of making premixes, vitamins and amino acids are initially mixed with a filler, then salts of trace elements are introduced. The choice of biologically active components depends on their availability for poultry, the possibility of full and effective use of active substances preparations, as well as the absence of toxicity. The inclusion of trace elements in the composition of additives occurs using the stepwise mixing technique. And for the introduction of incompatible additives used their stabilized form.

With the additional ingestion of poultry minerals and vitamins, a number of positive effects are achieved, such as better digestibility and digestibility of feed, normalization of metabolism, proper development of all internal organs.

Premixes are also needed when feeding laying hens, their use brings the following results:

  • egg production increases to 280 eggs per year
  • reduced feed costs
  • improves the nutritional value of eggs,
  • hatchability increases,
  • immunity becomes stronger, resistance to infectious diseases increases,
  • problems with the quality of the shell are eliminated,
  • it is possible to avoid bone diseases, weakness of the legs, joint deformities,
  • loss of feather, peck, support of the bird during the molting period is prevented.

We note the following advantages from the introduction of premixes in feed for broilers and meat chickens:

  • increase in average daily weight gain,
  • reduction of fattening periods,
  • the disappearance of problems with the formation of the skeleton,
  • improving the safety of the birds.

Farmers say that premixes introduced to a young bird grown for egg production can avoid obesity, early puberty, improve the separation of young chickens and reduce the number of rejected individuals.

Good premixes should include the following components:

  1. Vitamins of groups B1, B2, B3, B4, B5, B6, B12, A, D3, E, K, H,
  2. Trace elements such as iron, iodine, manganese, copper, zinc, cobalt, selenium,
  3. Amino acids, including methionine, lysine.

Some manufacturers add macro elements such as calcium and phosphorus to the premix. To adjust these minerals use other additives - shells, chalk, bone meal, phosphates. Quality mixes necessarily include antioxidants, i.e. substances that inhibit the oxidation of vitamins.

What are the premix for cattle?

Premixes for cattle is a homogeneous powder mix, including vitamin and mineral components in the composition of the neutral filler. There are many different ways of cooking them, but they are all balanced, thanks to which an excellent result is achieved in a short time. These compositions are very diverse, in the premixes for cattle include vitamins A, E, C, D3, K, as well as vitamins of group B.

They also include such macro-and micronutrients as iodine, iron, manganese, copper, cobalt, magnesium, selenium, and others. The composition of the premix includes antioxidants (santokhin, butyloxytoluene) and antimicrobial agents (food antibiotics). Due to this composition, the animal's body receives the necessary biologically active substances.

What else are needed premix? They are also needed to improve the digestive processes of animals, and therefore, better assimilation of the elements of feed needed for their growth and development.

Trace elements and vitamins help to activate the vital systems of the body of cattle. They help to increase immunity, normalization of hormonal and enzyme metabolism. Thus, premixes are needed not only to increase the productivity and fertility of the cattle population, they also help to preserve and strengthen the health of animals.

In addition, vitamins and trace elements help cleanse the body of animals from poisons, radioactive and toxic substances, often entering the food and water from the environment.

It is important to note that premixes for cattle are effective in the treatment process, as well as in preventive purposes. They allow you to cope with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, including poisoning, diarrhea, intestinal meteorism. Premixes are needed to reduce allergic and toxic reactions in hepatitis, which makes it possible to significantly improve the condition of livestock in general.

Note also that if you add premixes to cattle feeds that are typical for a given area, then their feed value will increase significantly. Productivity will also increase from 12% to 15% with a simultaneous decrease in feed consumption per unit of production. For example, with the use of premixes, a number of farms were able to increase the milk yield by an average of 3-5 liters per day, and daily weight gain increased by 150-300 g. At the same time, there was no need for significant improvement in fixed assets and costs of cattle.

Premixes are needed as additives to the main feed of cattle in a ratio of 0.5–1% (depending on the degree of concentration of the premix) to the total weight of dry food.

The filler for premixes is mainly crushed grain or its processed products. In addition, powder cake, meal or fodder yeast is used. One of the most effective methods of using premix is ​​the manufacture of kombismes based on it.

Of great importance in the process of mixing this mix has its homogeneity, it must reach at least 99%, since this factor is decisive in the efficiency and nutritional value of compound feed.

In most cases, the addition of premixes to the fillers occurs immediately before feeding the livestock, mostly once a day in the morning.

It cannot be said that there is a universal way of using dietary supplements suitable for all life situations, since there are rules for their use that take into account various factors of the use of premixes, including economic ones.

  • It is impractical to use in the winter period premixes, which are intended to be added to feed in the summer.
  • The use of universal premixes is more costly, since useful elements, minerals and vitamins are added to them in larger quantities.
  • When choosing suitable dietary supplements, it is necessary, in addition to the sex and age of livestock, to focus on their physical condition, region, nutritional value of the feed and its saturation with nutrients on each specific farm.

A special approach is needed to the diet of dry cows, with accelerated mineral metabolism in the body.

Pregnant cows need more items such as:

In addition to these and other macro and microelements, the body of dry cows requires more vitamins:

Animals during this period especially need carotene. This suggests that dry cows need premixes, but the composition of additives in each case must be selected individually.

It is possible to buy high-quality premixes and feed additives for all types of animals in Russia from the developer and manufacturer, the Vitasol company.

Vitasol - it is reliable! Conveniently! Professionally!

Currently, Vitasol JSC has modern production facilities and scientific potential that can satisfy the needs of any customer, from a person who owns a cat or dog to the largest farms and livestock farms. The scientific developments of our company in the field of animal and bird nutrition have been repeatedly awarded with medals at the All-Russian Exhibition Center and are in high demand in practical animal husbandry.

Our products contribute to:

  • Improve digestion and absorption of feed.
  • Increase the fertility of animals.
  • Increase the safety of young.
  • Weight gain increased by 10–15%.
  • Reduction in feed consumption per unit of production by 5–10%.
  • Reducing the incidence of animals.
  • Increase the safety of adult livestock by 4–8%.

What are animal premixes?

Today, almost all farm owners use feed additives, since their issuance has a positive effect on the health of cattle.

The premix comes from the words "pre-mix." It is a mixture of several substances that are dosed in micronutrients. Such additives are used in various industries (feed, food, rubber, polymer, etc.), where there is a need for dry mixing of the components.

The composition of premixes for animals includes vitamins, micro and macro elements, minerals, amino acids, antioxidants, antimicrobials. One of the most important components of the premix - filler (a product that can dissolve and retain nutrients) - is made from bran, crushed grain, grass meal, cake or yeast.

The production of premixes for animals is carried out at feed mills. All useful components (as a rule, these are 10–30 items) are thoroughly mixed together. To enrich the rations of animals, it is enough to dilute the feed with a useful mixture of only 1%.

What effect do premixes for farm animals produce?

All components of premix for animals have their purpose:

  1. Vitamins. They act as coenzymes of important enzyme complexes of the body, necessary for controlling the actions of active radicals and the stable functioning of organs and systems.
  2. Micro- and macronutrients help increase the number of bone tissue cells, help maintain water-salt balance, participate in the formation of the chemical composition of cells.
  3. Amino acids and proteins are the “building blocks” for protein synthesis in animals.
  4. Enzymes contribute to the stabilization of metabolic processes.
  5. Medicinal preparations strengthen the body of weak young.
  6. Taste and flavor additives improve appetite, which allows animals to gain weight and grow.
  7. Toxin sorbents neutralize toxic substances that are produced naturally or enter the body of an animal from the external environment.
  8. Prebiotics and probiotics - help maintain the normal intestinal microflora, improve digestion, promote the absorption of nutrients.

Premixes can be supplemented with other components.

Premixes for animals give high profitability

S.G. Kuznetsov, Doctor of Biological Sciences, Honored Scientist of the Russian Federation:

- The experience of using premixes in rations of animals and birds proves that the feed additives in question increase the profitability of the maintenance of the farms.

According to the averaged data, the cost of 1 kg of premix for feeding the cows makes it possible to increase the milk yield by 15.8–20.6 kg. That is, the total return on premix for milk is 15-17 times.

The use of premixes of Vitasol JSC increases meat, dairy, egg, wool productivity by almost 10%, while reducing feed consumption per unit of production by 8% and reducing the incidence and mortality of animals by 12%.

Premixes for animals can increase the growth of young animals and get an additional 30 to 40 kg of meat for fattening gobies and from 10 to 15 kg of meat for fattening pigs. Without a feed additive per 1 kg increase in live weight of bulls consumed an average of 2 feed units more than with its use. Enriching the diet of lactating cows with premixes by 200 kg or more increases milk production and reduces feed costs per 1 kg of milk by 0.2 feed units.

Keeping animals in enclosed spaces also causes an increased need for their body to consume minerals and vitamins. Insufficient quantity of valuable macro-and microelements in the diet significantly reduces the immunity of farm animals, their productivity, contributes to the emergence and development of diseases, provokes mortality, affects the quality of milk, meat, eggs, wool, fur-bearing animal skins.

Many farm owners prefer animal premixes of Vitasol, as their efficiency is not inferior to imported ones. Own production of feed additives allows to reduce prices, while maintaining the high quality of manufactured products.

What is included in the premix for animals

The main component of the premix is ​​considered to be a filler. In most cases, this is used as bran, crushed grain, cake, meal, or fodder yeast. The main function of the filler is to retain the active substances of the premix. It also helps them dissolve.

As mentioned above, the active components of premix for animals are vitamins, minerals, amino acids. They contribute to the strengthening of immunity, proper growth and development, as well as improve the work of all body systems.

Trace elements stabilize metabolic processes, and enzymes improve the digestibility of nutrients.

Another component of premixes for animals are excipients. These include flavors that help improve appetite and increase the amount of feed consumed, as well as antioxidants and preservatives that allow long-term storage of feed additives.

Features and production technology of premixes for animals

The production technology of premixes for animals cannot be called elementary. The main stages of their manufacture are accurate dosing of all components, their mixing and packaging. The composition of the premix may include vitamin, mineral, amino acid and drug mixtures. It all depends on the specific goal pursued by the manufacturer.

Make useful mixes only at the enterprises having the special equipment. The main criteria for the quality of the premix are: exact compliance with the dosage, proper storage conditions (humidity, temperature conditions), hermetic packaging. Strict control over the manufacture and storage of premixes allows us to achieve the production of high quality product.

Before the beginning of the working process is made a recipe. The dosage of the components depends on the intended use of the mixture (type of animal or bird, age, reproductive capabilities, etc.). All technology manufacturing premixed computerized. First choose a specific recipe, according to which the number of components will be measured. Recipes laid in the central computer. Workers of the shops have the appropriate qualifications and perform only their direct duties.

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It should be noted that all production equipment should be located strictly vertically. This provides accurate dosing of the components of the mixture, and also allows you to easily move from one recipe to another during production. All components of feed additives are weighed on special scales. And for each component use their own, precisely configured scales. Their carrying capacity corresponds to the mass of one or another component.

For example, lysine, methionine or vitamin B4 are measured by macrodoses, therefore the carrying capacity of the weights for them is 1000 kg. Microposes of components for premix are measured in specially designated areas where humidity and air temperature play a big role. After weighing, all components are placed in a container and mixed with a small part of the filler. This composition enters the mixer for connection with other components dosed on large scales.

In the manufacture of premixes, bulk components are first mixed, and then propandiol is added. This liquid substance is intended to bind all the components. Ready premix for animals comes in specially designed containers for packing the product in the prepared packaging bags. The faster and more tightly the products are packed, the better the basic properties of its useful components will be preserved. The whole process of packaging and sealing packages takes a few seconds.

Before creating a sealed seam on the package, all goods are checked using a computer for compliance with the initially set dosage of the components.

As the main component of premixes for animals, bran is most often used. Наполнителем может быть только продукт высокого качества, с влажностью 6-7 %, который прошел систему просеивания и грубую очистку.

Качество произведенного продукта проверяют в лабораторных условиях. In random order, from each batch of premixes, a sample is taken to check for compliance with the exact dosage of the components declared as well as for the presence of heavy metal salts in the mixture. Twice a year, feed additives are tested for uniformity. Phased and systematic control allows you to keep the quality of the product at the proper level.

In the process of premix manufacturing, special attention is paid to the storage of vitamins, microelements and amino acids. All containers should be designed so that the substances inside them come into contact with air as little as possible. The walls of the tanks should be smooth and made of stainless material. Prerequisite is the presence of a system of dust absorption, humidity control and temperature control.

Today, the production of premixes for animals is carried out using modern high-tech equipment, which allows you to guarantee the quality and safety of the product.

You can not make premix yourself at home. Only modern equipment allows to calculate the exact dosage of the components and obtain the desired consistency of the mixture. Plus, the quality of the finished product can be checked only by laboratory workers with special knowledge.

Premixes for animals are not an expensive product, but its quality is confirmed by the manufacturer's certification. The cost of acquiring healthy feed additives is more than justified. The use of premixes increases productivity, contributes to the strengthening of animal organisms and increases the profitability of farming.

What influences the quality of premix for animals

When choosing premix for farm animals, you should pay attention to several points:

  • The quality of raw materials. It is difficult for a simple user to check this parameter; certification organizations are responsible for the compliance of raw materials with a certain level. Therefore, your task is to buy a product, on the packaging of which there are quality marks.
  • The composition of the premix. It should contain only components safe for animal health (the addition of growth promoters, antibiotics and other prohibited substances is unacceptable).
  • Manufacturability. It is preferable to choose a product manufactured in a large enterprise that has modern equipment.
  • Particle size Small grains of the mixture are easier to mix with animal feed, moreover, they are better absorbed by the body. However, the use of premixes with a microscopic particle size can cause dustiness.
  • Humidity. Should not exceed 5%.
  • Storage and transport conditions affect the safety of the basic properties of the feed additive.

As follows from the above, a sufficient number of requirements are imposed on a quality product for enriching the diet of animals. Of course, not all companies can offer premixes that meet the listed criteria, but in our country you can find a decent manufacturer.

The main types of premixes for animals

Premixes for animals are divided into simple and complex. Vitamin, mineral and vitamin-mineral are considered simple. The complex mixtures include synthetic essential amino acids, feed enzymes (enzymes), probiotics, prebiotics, flavoring additives, toxin sorbents and other components. The composition of the premix is ​​selected for a specific group of animals and taking into account the season of use.

Depending on the purpose, premixes for animals are divided into productive, therapeutic and preventive and curative. Productive helps to improve the appetite and strengthen the immune system. In therapeutic mixtures add components, the use of which prevents the emergence and development of various ailments. With their help carry out balancing diets. The name of the category "medicinal premix" speaks for itself. Their use is aimed at treating certain diseases.

Premixes for animals are also divided into groups depending on the predominant category of active ingredients:

  1. vitamin,
  2. vitamin and mineral,
  3. mineralized,
  4. vitamin-therapeutic.

The first group enhances the health of animals and positively affects the functioning of body systems. Minerals help accelerate the growth and development of individuals, as well as normalize metabolic processes.

Mineralized premixes have a positive effect on the tissues, muscles and skeleton of animals. All active ingredients in premixes are strictly metered. The use of properly selected compounds can improve the condition of animals and increase their productivity.

How to select premix for animals

All components of the premix, of course, play an important role. But we should not forget that an excess of useful substances is also harmful to the body of an animal, as well as their deficiency. Thus, a vitamin A surplus may result in stunting, cachexia and death in some cases. An excess amount of zinc provokes an increase in the concentration of lead in the body, and an excess of copper very often leads to an increase in mortality. Therefore, it is necessary to choose feed additives for animals with special care.

Before you buy premix for animals, determine the main purpose of their use. All supplements are designed for different types and categories of animals. Your task is to choose the right option. For example, there are premixes for sows that are at a particular stage of reproductive function. As well as premixes for single pigs, for pregnant and nursing animals. And, in addition to these, - premixes for rearing pigs, starting, for boars, for fattening, etc.

It all depends on the specific purpose of using the premix. Do not use the same supplement for animals of different ages. Agree that the needs of a living organism in vitamins and minerals at each stage of development are different. So, due to the active growth of the organism, young animals require much more useful micro- and macroelements. But, of course, it is not necessary to carry out the uncontrolled issuance of premixes. Before using any useful mixture for animals, it is better to consult with a specialist.

How to choose and buy premix for animals? Modern manufacturers offer a large selection of different mixtures to enrich the diet of farm animals. However, not every product has an ideal composition, the correct dosage, as well as the same effect of the active components throughout the entire shelf life. In some cases, farm owners save on the purchase of premixes, regardless of the quality of the feed additive. However, such savings do not lead to anything good - the restoration of animal health will require much greater costs.

First you need to decide on the manufacturer. It is recommended to choose large enterprises that deserve the most positive reviews. Do not hesitate to ask yourself about the production conditions, ask about whether samples are taken for laboratory tests, whether quality certificates are issued.

All major manufacturers are trying to provide the most detailed description of their product. They will not hide information about production technology or research results. You should also read the information about the filler and those products that contribute to the preservation of the beneficial properties of the active ingredients. A sales representative or consultant in the store will always answer questions and help you make the right choice.

It should be noted that the products of domestic manufacturers are not inferior in quality to the mixtures made abroad. This results from the fact that premixes in our country are made taking into account all components which are already in compound feed.

Do not forget that in order to achieve the best effect premixes need to be added to food of appropriate quality. It is in this set that the active components of the mixture will be able to exert a positive effect on the organism of the animal. Increasing the dosage of the supplement does not help to improve the original quality of the feed, but an excess of vitamins in the body of an animal may well lead to disastrous consequences.

Try to calculate: purchase of premixes in double volume, various additives and medicines to restore the health of farm animals, losses associated with a decrease in the number of products produced, etc. The decrease in the profitability of keeping animals is evident.

The owners of large farms often offer manufacturing companies premix mutually beneficial cooperation. This is explained by the fact that all regions have a different mineral composition of the feed due to the characteristic soil structure inherent in a particular area. And thanks to the individually created recipe, the farmer gets the optimum quality and the composition of the premix he needs.

Based on the above, it can be concluded that the high quality of the premix is ​​of great importance for the health, proper growth and development of the wards of animals. If you correctly select the composition of the feed additive and do not save on quality, the result will not be long in coming. Remember that it is much more beneficial to maintain the health of livestock than later to restore weakened organisms.

How to enter into the diet feed premix for animals

Consumption of premix will bring the greatest benefit to animals if:

  • before issuing, mix them with the main feed, enrich the morning ration with an additive so that the useful components are absorbed,
  • first mix the premix and a small amount of feed in the same proportions until a uniform consistency, and then add the resulting mass to the remaining feed,
  • mix premix only with pre-cooled feed, since a number of useful components are destroyed under the influence of high temperatures.

Premixes for animals help to improve growth, weight and strengthen the immune system. And thanks to the wide variety of additives on the market, every farmer will be able to choose the most suitable option for themselves. If you take into account the simple rules for the issuance of additives, as a result, you can get a significant improvement in the quality and quantity of derived foods.

The purpose of the premix is ​​indicated by the manufacturer on the package. Supplement should be introduced into the diet of only the group of animals for which it is intended.

Depending on the presence of BAS premixes are divided into vitamin (which contains only vitamins) and mineral (containing salts of microelements). It should be noted that to meet the needs of the body animals require both types of premix.

In our country, mainly 1% vitamin-mineral premixes with stabilized forms of vitamins and enzymes are produced.

It should be noted that the use of several groups of vitamins in the composition of the premix does not entail negative consequences for the animal’s body (but the contact of choline chloride with vitamins A, B1, B6, K3 and C may cause a decrease in the activity of the latter).

The concentration of mineral substances in the premixes can also be different, but note that potassium iodide is incompatible with copper salts. The resulting copper iodide resulting from this interaction cannot be absorbed by the body. Incompatible components must be present in the premix in a stabilized form.

We offer to dwell on the features of enrichment with premixes of rations of various animal species.

Premixes for birds

The purpose of the premix depends on the specific species of birds and their physiological features in a specific period of time. It is not necessary to give an additive for layers to broilers for fattening. Manufacturers produce formulations for chickens up to 10 days, for broilers and meat breeds for fattening, for pullet and for laying hens. Some manufacturers have an even wider range.

All detailed information on the issuance of the composition can be found on the packaging or in the instructions.

Standard volumes are 0.5% or 1% by weight of daily feed intake. It turns out about 5-10 g per 1 kg of dry food.

If the norm indicated on the package exceeds the above described values ​​(for example, it is 5, 10 or 20%), then you have chosen not protein premixes, but protein protein supplement (BVD). In addition to vitamins, it contains yeast, hydrolysates, meal, etc. Accordingly, such preparations have a completely different distribution scheme.

In some cases, the manufacturer indicates the rate of issuance of the additive per head. This applies primarily to adult laying hens, as they have a stable weight and consume the same amount of feed daily. The standard rate is 0.5 - 1 g per day. To determine the number of premix per head, you can use the table:

In this table, the rate of input is calculated based on feed intake, depending on age and body weight.

Pay attention to some nuances:

  • One of the most important rules for issuing feed additives is regularity. It is advisable to introduce a premix during each morning feeding, but can be added immediately to the daily rate.
  • To obtain a homogeneous consistency, you must first mix the premix with a small part, say, bran, and then add the rest of the feed.
  • It is not necessary to add vitamin composition to the hot mash, since a number of active substances do not tolerate exposure to high temperatures.

Cattle Premixes

Today, using powder premixes, it is possible to improve productivity, immunity and speed up the physical development of farm animals. Useful supplements can make the diet of animals full and balanced, since natural food contains an insufficient amount of nutrients.

Powder mixtures are used in the composition of compound feeds for feeding cattle. The filler in most cases is crushed grain, fodder yeast, powder cake, meal. Benign composition is achieved by a high degree of homogeneity when mixed.

0.5% or 1% premix is ​​sufficient to enrich the ration. Production of useful additives is carried out taking into account the type of animals, their age, physiological features and conditions of detention.

In addition, be sure to take into account the compatibility of individual components.

All premixes have a different composition. Each contains vitamins, biologically active substances and minerals.

Some also add sorbents, prebiotics and flavoring agents that activate the digestive processes.

Selection of the right premix is ​​a very important task, on which the health and productivity of the animal wards depends.

Be sure to consider all the features and nuances of a particular group of animals, as well as follow the rules for the use of useful additives.

The quality of premix for animals strongly depends on two components: fat and moisture.

Increased humidity reduces the effectiveness of the beneficial additive. The composition of high quality should not have an indicator of more than 10%, and the maximum permissible concentration of moisture should not exceed 13%. Otherwise the mixture will lose its properties.

Adding fat in the preparation of the premix allows several times to increase the safety of active ingredients. Manipulations should be carried out immediately before preparing the feed, which will be issued to the animal in the next 14 days. Failure to follow the rules will significantly reduce the shelf life of the feed additive.

Where to buy quality premix for animals

It is possible to buy high-quality premixes and feed additives for all types of animals in Russia from the developer and manufacturer, the Vitasol company.

Vitasol - it is reliable! Conveniently! Professionally!

Currently, Vitasol JSC has modern production facilities and scientific potential that can satisfy the needs of any customer, from a person who owns a cat or dog to the largest farms and livestock farms. The scientific developments of our company in the field of animal and bird nutrition have been repeatedly awarded with medals at the All-Russian Exhibition Center and are in high demand in practical animal husbandry.

Our products contribute to:

  • Improve digestion and absorption of feed.
  • Increase the fertility of animals.
  • Increase the safety of young.
  • Weight gain increased by 10–15%.
  • Reduction in feed consumption per unit of production by 5–10%.
  • Reducing the incidence of animals.
  • Increase the safety of adult livestock by 4–8%.

Main products

Useful mixtures for farm animals are available in several versions. There are significant differences in the composition, and accordingly, the appointment of premixes. Given the differences in components, manufacturers divide them into the following types:

  • fortified. They are full of vitamins,
  • vitamin-therapeutic,
  • mineralized. Containing all the necessary minerals,
  • vitamin and mineral.

For livestock produce simple and complex mixes. В составе простых присутствуют минералы, витамины, их комплексы. В сложном составе премиксов для животных присутствуют специальные кормовые ферменты, требуемые организмом аминокислоты, пребиотики. Могут присутствовать сорбенты, вкусоароматические добавки, пробиотики.

Depending on the purpose, they distinguish universal mixes and specialized ones. The first are suitable for mixing with all domestic animals. The latter give a certain type of living creatures (geese, horses, pigs, sheep, chickens, cattle, rabbits).

The composition of the mixes

Feed preparation has a different stock. But in any case, the dietary supplement contains pivot groups of ingredients. It:

The result of the use of a complex of vitamins is due to the presence of such components as:

  • water-, fat-soluble vitamins (A, C, K, E, D). In the complex they are in natural form,
  • amino acids required by the body (among them: methionine, lysine, threonine),
  • various trace elements (manganese, selenium, iron, cobalt, iodine, copper).

Thanks to a balanced mix of useful substances, the state and health of the animal are improved, maintained at an appropriate level. Also, there is an activation of the hormonal system, immunity.
The presence of amino acids guarantees an increase in the absorption of nutrients from food consumed. These components ensure the maintenance of high livestock productivity.

Vitamin complex must necessarily include pure vitamin substances, micro-, macroelements. All other components are on-demand. The need for their inclusion depends on the age, breed, feeding, physiological state of animals, technology of maintenance, direction of productivity.

Rules for choosing a vitamin complex

The mix purchased from a reputable manufacturer enhances the digestibility of the nutrients of the consumed food, promotes quality assimilation. Thanks to vitamin complexes stabilized, fermentation processes are activated. There is a normalization of hormonal levels, the growth of immunity.

Choosing a vitamin complex for the farm, you need to take an additive for breeding animals. Do not give vitamins to animals, if they are intended for another type.

Properly selected vitamin complex guarantees:

  • breeding improvement
  • decrease in incidence,
  • increasing the nutritional value of poultry eggs,
  • accelerated weight gain
  • acceleration of purification from radioactive, toxic substances penetrated from the outside,
  • a qualitative indicator of the performance of relevant functions in the household (dairy cattle provides large amounts of milk).

Preference should be given to well-known large manufacturers, who over the years have been able to practice themselves well. It is important to thoroughly read the mix warehouse. The premix for animals should not contain harmful substances that pets do not tolerate.

How to add vitamin complexes

To cash investment in food additives have benefited, you must follow the instructions for premix for animals.

Their observance is the key to success in home and farm farming.
The main recommendations that are present in the instructions for premix for animals are:

  1. Additive mixture sutra. This contributes to its better absorption throughout the day.
  2. Mixing additives with the main composition.
  3. Fragmentation of mixing. Initially mixed equal proportions of the vitamin, the main food (1: 1). Then the resulting mass is mixed with the rest of the food.
  4. After cooking, the feed should cool down. Then add nutrients to it. Otherwise, exposure to high temperatures destroys the beneficial substances present in the preparation.

Mix production

In the manufacture of premixes for animals take into account the distribution of components by weight groups. The dosage is carried out by means of multicomponent weighers. To obtain a homogeneous mixture used batch mixers. After making premixes for animals, they are packaged in special paper bags (four layers).

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