Before any happy owner of the dacha every season there is such a great task as getting not just good, but the best harvest from his land plot. And everyone wants this to happen at the lowest cost. In order to achieve this, the gardener is ready to go for any tricks and tricks. And first of all it concerns the fertilization of the soil. After all, it is well known that not only quantity but also the quality of the crop depends on its fertility.
Many amateur gardeners have heard that potato peelings can also be used as fertilizer. For which plants does this method of feeding the most suitable and the worse conventional fertilizers? This question scrolls in his head every summer resident, preparing in winter for the spring-summer season. After all, the issue of economy is interesting to all. It is necessary to understand it in order.
What is the minus of organic and mineral fertilizers?
In order to increase the yield, mineral (phosphates and nitrates) as well as organic (manure and peat) fertilizers were commonly used. But both of these types of fertilizers have a common minus - the monetary value. In addition, organic matter usually strongly infests the ground with weeds, and chemical fertilizers tend to accumulate in vegetables and fruits, and then get into the human body, creating for it enormous problems.
Therefore, modern gardeners and are looking for more economical and safe ways to fertilize the earth. One of them, very well-proven, is to use potato peelings as a fertilizer. This method is known to many, but there were no negative reviews about it. Only from year to year, more and more positive feedback about him is heard. In addition, it helps to protect the crop from some pests. Therefore, the majority of summer residents turned to such an unconventional method as fertilizer with potato peelings.
How to turn waste into food for plants?
If you make an effort to save the waste, which is potato peeling, until the spring, and not throwing it in the trash, they will bring great benefits. In the spring and summer in the garden they will serve as an excellent feeding, which does not harm at all for many garden crops. And protection against pests such as slugs, wireworms and the Colorado potato beetle. Therefore, if you are thinking about the question of whether you can use potato peel as fertilizer, prepare them in the offseason.
To do this, it is not necessary to freeze potato skins. It is enough to dry them. This is absolutely not difficult, because the oven will destroy fungi and bacteria that may have fallen on the tubers from the soil. Yes, and they will take up much less space.
What are the benefits they bring to the garden and garden?
During the summer season, potato peelings are used as a fertilizer and as protection against some pests. Yes, and as a bait for the Colorado potato beetle or slugs skins from potatoes have proved to be great. One has only to decompose them on the surface of the earth before the emergence of sprouts, and when the pests stick them (usually it happens at night) - to destroy. This will protect your crop from such an affliction.
It is good to put them in the ground near those plants that love the starch contained in the potato in large quantities. Being fuming, they will give it to the soil, thereby filling the lack of this product in it. And the soaked cleansing is an excellent means to ensure that the seedlings of some plants get well acclimatized and quickly grown stronger.
How to prepare fertilizer from potato peel?
Potato peelings as a fertilizer for the garden have long established themselves in the best possible way. No wonder gardeners try to find out the best recipe for its preparation. Of course, you can just bury it in the ground. But in this case, along with the cleanings, the phytophthora will remain on the soil. And besides, it will take more time for their full decomposition than in the case when they fall into the soil in the form of properly prepared fertilizer.
Therefore, it is worth remembering a few rules for its preparation:
- Dried cleaning should be crushed to transport to the country and further work with them was easier.
- Chopped dry potato peel is placed in a barrel and poured boiling water. This will help to cope with late blight and other pests preserved since autumn.
- The thickening formed after soaking is placed in the wells when planting seedlings, and the plants are watered with liquid from above, which helps not only to fertilize the soil, but also to cope with some pests.
What benefits brings dressing potato pumpkin cleaning?
Also, potato cleansing was excellent as a fertilizer for cucumbers and other members of the pumpkin family. Use them as a top dressing when planting seedlings of these plants. It is prepared as follows:
- Dried and finely minced during the off-season cleaning of potatoes are poured into a barrel in the spring and filled with boiling water to kill all the bacteria that have survived since last year.
- After under the influence of hot water they are soaked, the contents of the container must be well mixed so that it turns into a mess.
When they begin to plant seedlings, they first put a handful of this substance in each well, sprinkle it with earth, then again put porridge from potatoes and again the earth. Only now seedlings are planted in this mixture. It will be great to grow after this procedure, as the potato puree, which in the garden mixed with the soil, will be enjoyed by all our assistants in the soil. It will also appeal to worms loosening the earth and billions of soil bacteria.
Such dressing is good not only for cucumbers and pumpkins. Thanks to its magnificent growth, it will be in cabbage and even in onion crops.
Proper fertilizer for berry crops
But not only in garden beds do gardeners use such wonderful fertilizer as potato peels. They got accustomed to garden plots among fruit trees and shrubs. Excellent reviews from many gardeners received potato peelings as fertilizer for currants. After all, they are a great source of starch, as well as glucose, which are so popular with this shrub.
Therefore, in order to be with an excellent harvest of tasty berries, you should not be too lazy in the spring, at the time when fruit and berry plantations are dug in, bring dry peeling of potatoes into the ground. Then in July, the bush will reward you with a magnificent harvest of large, selected berries.
In addition, applied potato peel as a fertilizer for raspberries. In this case, they are also introduced into the soil during its spring loosening. It is also good in the summer to use potato infusion for watering berry bushes. Any gardener who has ever tried this way of feeding plants will never refuse him.
Several rules for the use of potato peelings on site
In order for potato fertilizer to bring only benefit and not force a summer resident who wants to start using it, be disappointed, you should remember a few rules for using them on the site:
- Cleaning from the potato is undesirable to lay out on the soil surface. This, firstly, will make the appearance of the site untidy, and secondly, will attract to the territory of numerous rodents who want to eat.
- Potato peelings as fertilizer for currants and other fruit crops are dug near the roots in a dry form. This is done so that, by decomposing in the soil during the summer, by the time the fruit ripens, they give up all the glucose and starch accumulated in the soil.
- The remaining vegetables are recommended to be watered with an infusion of potato peelings from a watering can, removing the strainer in advance so that it does not clog.
Having fulfilled all these simple rules, an amateur gardener will certainly come up with a large and excellent-quality crop by autumn.
Are all plants suitable for potato peelings as fertilizer?
What must be remembered? Potato peelings as a fertilizer are not suitable for all plants. You should not use them for plants belonging to the family of nightshade. Such as eggplants, peppers, tomatoes and similar representatives of this family. The fact is that by nature they have a lot of common diseases. Therefore, there is always the danger that pathogenic bacteria will remain in well-dried and steamed with boiling water.
Are potato peeling fertilizer for indoor plants?
Potato peelings as a fertilizer are perfect not only for garden and garden crops. Houseplants, too, have a great attitude to this kind of organic feeding. To do this, it is also worth it at home to dilute the solution of dry potato cleansing and monthly feeding with the method of watering all household plants. From such care their greens will be more magnificent, and you can get rid of many pests without problems without using commercial chemistry for this.
How convenient is this fertilizer?
No wonder this type of fertilizer soil and plant nutrition is gaining increasing popularity. It is very economical, because potato dishes are the basis of the diet in any family, regardless of the level of its income. And considering that even with the ideal quality of the tubers, about one fifth of them are to be disposed of, a fairly decent amount of cleanings is gathered during the winter season.
The composition of potato broth is not very different from the composition of the tubers themselves: it contains a lot of starch and mineral salts, so it has a fairly high nutritional value - it contains vitamins A, B and C, as well as potassium, iron and calcium.
Not surprising. that such a product-rich product is primarily used as a simple folk medicine for a whole range of diseases - colds, gastritis, arthritis, hypertension.
It is important to bear in mind that the chemical composition of the decoction and its benefits to the body directly depend on the quality of the tubers used: fresh and juicy potatoes will be most useful, unlike the root crops that survived the winter.
Remember that potato broth is important to use during the day. The product is stored in the refrigerator for a couple of days and quickly loses its healing properties.
Potato broth is used externally for face and body care. It is an excellent skin nourishing and emollient. In addition, the water from under the potato has healing properties: this means that scratches and redness will heal much faster.
To keep skin clean and tender, make potato baths from cooled potato broth 2-3 times a week.
And if you are worried about bruises and bags under the eyes, in the morning you can wash potato broth, which has not been added salt. It is an effective anti-edematous, anti-inflammatory and bleaching agent.
Thickening agent for homemade sauces
Potato broth contains a lot of starch, a natural thickener. It can be added to spicy sauces based on vegetables to make their texture thicker, as well as meat sauces, suitable to any side dish.
You can use the potato to the maximum and make for it a gentle sour cream sauce based on potato broth! See how simple:
1. Fry the flour in butter. Then add the dill and mix, continuing to fry.
2. Add potato broth and, boiling, boil over low heat for about 10 minutes.
3. After removing the sauce from the heat, add the egg, beaten with sour cream and lemon juice, then carefully mix all the ingredients.
Thickener for soups and broths
Potato decoction is perfect for anyone who decided to cook a thick soup or a rich, strong broth. The starch contained in the composition of the water remaining after cooking potatoes, again "works" as a natural and effective thickener.
To do this, simply add a little broth to your dishes (take about 1 cup per 2-3 liter pan) and cook the soup with the addition of potato water for a few minutes over high heat.
How to harvest fertilizer?
Potatoes are loved by very many of us, in most families it is considered the most popular vegetable used most often in food. After cleaning the potatoes, the skins always remain, and the highest content of valuable components is in them and in the layer, which is located under the skin. Potato waste contains a lot of macronutrients, trace elements, as well as an impressive list of vitamins. If you use them rationally, do not throw them into the bin, then all the useful elements will give their properties to the soil, the plants in your garden.
Residents of private houses are much easier to determine the place for organic fertilizers, they have a plot of land allotted for a garden-garden. In this case, you can immediately send potato peelings to compost.
If the visit to the dacha is seasonal, there is also a way out - the skins can be dried or frozen. When the temperature is below freezing, cleaning can be laid out on an unheated balcony (on suitable surfaces). They will be frozen and thus preserved. New "portions" of cleanings can be easily brought to the balcony as needed. As soon as the early spring comes, you will have to visit the cottage and take them there, because this product rots in the heat, spreads an unpleasant smell, and nobody needs it.
Drying cleanings is a more troublesome way to save, but more reliable, convenient. They can be dried on a hot battery or in the oven - so they will be better stored. If you make additional efforts, after heat treatment, grind them in a meat grinder, and then dry in the oven again, you will get the perfect raw material for fertilizer.
With the onset of spring, frozen or dried skins from potatoes are placed in a large container (for example, a barrel), filled with very hot water, leave to soak for 2-3 days. This nutrient mixture should be periodically stirred. Thus, potato peels are used as a fertilizer rich in starch, salts, minerals, vitamins.
How to apply fertilizer?
The resulting gruel is just perfect for improving soil fertility when planting seedlings of cucumbers, cabbage, melons, fruit and berry trees, bushes. A small amount of the obtained potato infusion with gruel is poured to the bottom of the holes and beds, and then the plants are planted. This fertilizer acts as an organic dressing, thanks to which onions, zucchini, cucumbers, pumpkins, all varieties of cabbage are well developed, actively growing. Make this dressing (by watering the bushes under the roots) can be every 10-14 days, for this, the infusion is pre-filtered through a sieve.
Potato peelings are the best fertilizer for currants and similar berry crops. Thanks to this infusion, it becomes large, sweet. It is especially good to add top dressing at the stage of emergence of the ovaries, during the ripening of the berries, before harvesting.
However, there are some limitations - tomatoes, peppers, potatoes, eggplant, and other solanaceous crops should not be fertilized by this method, as this fertilizer simply will not work on them. In some cases, it can harm these plants, because they are prone to common diseases (black scab, late blight).
If you still want to feed the tomatoes with this organic composition, then use only those peelings that have previously been in the oven. The past hot processing of raw materials does not already contain the phytophtora, if you pour boiling water over it before putting it into the soil or just prikopat near the plants, nothing bad will happen.
It is good to use potato peelings for fertilizing fruit trees, berry bushes. For this they are buried in the area of the circle of the trunk. It is best to carry out this procedure in the spring.
It is also possible not only to use potato peelings as fertilizers, useful properties contained in them. With their help, you can scare off pests and save your crop.
Variants of "external" use of potato dabs:
- You can expand them between the beds, as well as in places where slugs accumulate - they are attracted by the smell, they willingly crawl away. After that, they can be easily collected and destroyed.
- If a pile of potato skins is poured between rows of potatoes, it will attract the Colorado beetles, their larvae. After the pests crawl into piles, they are collected together with oshurkami and burn, pre-poured kerosene.
- Also, cleaning will help to significantly reduce the number of wireworm, only here you have to additionally donate a few potato tubers. Очистки и разрезанный на несколько частей картофель прикапывают в разных местах участка, а спустя 3-4 дня извлекают из земли вместе с прожорливыми вредителями. Впоследствии проволочник вместе с приманкой аналогично уничтожается путём сожжения.
Картофельные очистки и смородина
Согласно множеству положительных отзывов от дачников подкормка смородины картофельными очистками даёт отличный результат. This berry bush "loves" starch and glucose, and it is the rind of tubers that is richest in these elements. Dry potato chips can be buried under currant bushes in spring and summer. They decompose in the ground, giving it all the useful components during the process. You can also pour the cleaning with boiling water, after the infusion has cooled, you can water the bushes.
To currant berries in size closer to the fruit of the cherry, feel free to "treat" the bushes infusion of potato peel.
With the onset of autumn, remove the fallen leaves under the currant, loosen the soil, pile up dry skins in a circle, then cover the ground with dry grass. The result of your efforts will pleasantly surprise you later.
You can use potato peel for currants, gooseberries, raspberries, strawberries. This fertilizer is very well suited for garden flowers, indoor plants (filtered infusion).
This simple free dressing helps to improve soil fertility, is safe, non-toxic. It is an effective alternative to chemical drugs - and this is a significant plus. Do not rush to throw away the product rich in useful elements, the more it dries easily, quickly, and is well stored in fabric bags. Use potato peelings as fertilizer, for which plants they can be used, and for which it is impossible - we have tried to concretize in this article. Generous you harvests!
Useful properties and composition
Bacteria living in the soil, rather easily digest potato peel. Decomposing, all nutrients are in the soil, and subsequently absorbed by the root system of plants.
In the course of this, heat is generated, which helps to warm the soil, and this has a positive effect on crop growth. Potato peelings make it possible to increase the fertility of the land and increase the quality and quantity of the crop.
- organic acids
- mineral salts,
- micro and macronutrients.
Such a set of useful substances will have a positive effect on the growth of crops. In addition, potato peelings have the following advantages over chemical fertilizers:
- they are available,
- able to increase the concentration of fertile humus in the ground,
- can loosen the soil, which ensures the flow of oxygen to the root system,
- they are pure organic
- help get rid of pests.
Using potato peelings, you can be sure that the crop is environmentally friendly, as they do not contain chemical elements.
What crops are suitable fertilizer
Potato peelings can be used as a fertilizer for a vegetable garden or garden, because their use allows you to improve the soil and has a positive effect on the crop anywhere in your plot. Consider how to apply this tool for different types of crops.
Fertilize can be cleaned cucumbers and other melons. When planting seedlings in the ground, it is necessary to feed these plants.
Favored on the cultures will be reflected in and watering from infusion purification. It will increase green mass, gain strength, which will ensure a rich harvest. You can also fertilize the infusion of potato garlic and root vegetables. Feeding should start from the end of May and hold it every 2 weeks. It is not necessary to pour the infusion just under the root - just water the beds with a watering can.
At the same time, make sure that the pieces of potato peelings do not fall on the ground, as they will attract rodents and other insects.
Potato peelings are ideal for currant fertilizer, and we will describe how to use them below. They will be especially useful for black berries. Top dressing increases the fruit, in some cases, currants catch up with the size of the cherry.
Every year it is recommended to lay out potato gruel or soaked skin under each shrub in a hole, 20 cm deep, after which the mixture is sprinkled with earth. In spring and summer, you can feed the plant with infusion, watering every 2 weeks.
Feeding currants and other crops in the spring with potato peelings will surely provide a healthy and rich harvest!
Peeling potatoes can also be used to fertilize indoor plants. It is recommended to water their pre-cooked infusion. This event should be held every 3-6 weeks.
It is possible to use for watering and cooled water, in which potatoes were cooked in a uniform. Thanks to this feeding, foliage will begin to grow rapidly.
Some growers bury the cleaning in the ground, but as a result of this procedure, an unpleasant smell and midges can appear in the room. This type of feeding can be used only for saprophytic or epiphytic plants (orchid, dracaena). However, you need to use drainage. It is recommended to put a small amount of cleaning.
How to store cleaning
If you live in a private house or at the cottage, there will be no problems with the storage site of the cleanings - they are immediately sent to the compost pit.
However, if you are in the country only on weekends, you should use other methods of storing skins - drying or freezing. In the presence of sub-zero temperatures, skins can be stored on the balcony, and until it gets warmer outside.
Increasing the temperature can lead to their rotting, therefore, in the spring material for fertilizer should be taken to the compost pit. Also for storage, you can use such a method as drying. This method is more troublesome, but reliable. It is possible to dry cleaning on batteries, the oven also will approach. Then it is recommended to grind them in a meat grinder, and then send them to the oven for drying again.
Thus, you will already have ready-made raw materials that can be used as fertilizers.
With the arrival of spring, dried or frost-free cleaning should be shifted to a large container and pour boiling water. The mixture is stirred for a few days to soak it evenly.
How to cook feeding
Potato peel as a fertilizer can be harvested in any form. We offer to get acquainted with each of them.
Prepare the infusion is quite simple. You will need some raw or frozen skins. It is necessary to fill them with hot water and leave to infuse for a day. The prepared liquid can be used by watering the plants. Infusion is successfully used both in the garden and at home, to fertilize flowers.
Prepare dried rind, barrel and hot water. Place the cleaning in a container and pour boiling water over it. Under the influence of high water temperature, fungi and harmful microbes will die.
About a week later, the peel will absorb moisture, swell. Then it is necessary to mix the mixture thoroughly. Thus, it turns out gruel, which can be used for fertilizer.
To cook potato flour, you must take the dried peel and grind it in a meat grinder. To achieve the desired result, you can use a blender or coffee grinder.
Sacks are ideal for storing such fertilizer, but it is not necessary to leave flour for a long time in this container, since it can begin to rot, and pests will be created in it.
Potatoes as compost
Potatoes are one of the desired ingredients in composting. It speeds up the composting process. However, there is one problem - a pathogenic fungus can be present in root crops, and as a result, fertilizing the nightshade with such compost can provoke the development of diseases. To avoid such problems, waste is only added to the compost from boiled potatoes.
To do this, you need to grind cleaning and boil them in water (for 1 kg of peel you need to take 2 liters of liquid). Potato mass is diluted with water 10 to 1, after which the resulting solution is poured into a compost pit. Despite the large variety of products in specialized stores, the simplest waste can be used as fertilizer. Feeding up cultures with potato peelings, you will be able to increase the volume of the harvest and you will be sure of the ecological compatibility of the fruit.
About the “pros and cons” of potato fertilizer
Fertilizer potato peelings, in comparison with traditional organic and mineral supplements, has the following advantages:
- Availability. Cleaning in every home. During the winter they can accumulate a huge amount, getting a supply of fertilizer for the whole season.
- Saturation useful elements. The content of macro-and micronutrient purification can compete with some mineral complexes. In this case, it is impossible to overfeed the plants or burn the root one, even if you overdo it with potato top dressing.
- Naturalness. Chemical fertilizers increase the content of chemicals in crops. It is unlikely that it represents a threat to health, but also does not add benefits to vegetables. This problem is completely removed if you use fertilizer for cleaning.
On a note! When using manure or compost accelerates the growth and development of not only crops, but also weeds. But on the potato cleaning weeds do not react so violently.
With all the “advantages” of using potato peelings, one can not but mention some features and disadvantages of this fertilizer.
- Scattered around the garden (not buried) cleaning can attract rodents.
- To achieve the desired result, dressing should be done regularly, and this will require impressive amounts of fertilizer. A one-time feeding will give only a short-term effect.
- The concentration of nutrients introduced into the soil is difficult to control. It is impossible to overfeed the earth with cleanings, but it is quite possible to underfeed.
How and where to keep cleaning
If you live in a private house, you will find the use of potato peelings without problems. Take a place on the site for organic fertilizers and send the peel directly to the compost. If you visit the cottage only in season, you need to think of a convenient option for storing bio-fertilizers in the apartment.
For easy storage of cleanings, they can be dried or frozen.
- Freezing. The option is suitable for the period when outside temperature is below zero. Take out the peel on an unheated balcony and spread out in a thin layer. Frozen cleaning quickly, so calmly build up the layers, pouring all the new portions of potato waste.
Important! Remove the peel from the balcony should be immediately, as soon as the temperature there rises above 0 ° C. After all, in warmth the product quickly rots and exudes an unpleasant odor.
- Drying. Drying is harder to clean than freeze. But then store the product more convenient. You can dry potato skins in the oven or on a hot battery. After heat treatment, grind the raw materials in a blender or meat grinder, and then dry again.
Fact! Another argument in favor of hot processing of cleaning in the oven is that such raw materials no longer contain any infections, including the phytophtora fungus, which cannot be said for sure about the frozen product.
Fertilizer preparation methods
Potato peel can be used in different ways for the garden. The easiest way is to scatter them on the plot and then dig up the ground. And it can be done both in the spring, before planting crops, and in the fall, after harvesting.
But there are other uses for cleaning as a fertilizer.
- Decoction. Fill the cleaning with boiling water, let it brew for several days. Strain. Water the crops under the root every 2 weeks.
- Nutritional mixture. Place frozen or dried skins in a barrel or other container and cover with hot water. Leave for a couple of days, stirring occasionally. Use gruel to increase soil fertility, especially before planting seedlings.
- Flour. Washed and dried cleaning grind in a blender or meat grinder. Sprinkle the soil around the plants and shrubs with this powder. Also use for cooking nutritious gruel. Flour can be stored in rag bags.
Cultures that appreciate potato fertilizer
Berry bushes love starch and glucose, which is rich in potato peel. This fertilizer will make the berries juicier and larger. Bury potato peelings under the currant to a depth of about 20 cm at the stage of appearance of the ovary, as well as during the ripening of the fruit and just before it is harvested. Also use potato flour to make the infusion and water the shrubs every 2 weeks.
- Potato peelings for root crops (radish, radish), garlic and onions
These cultures are most efficiently fed with a decoction of potato peels. The procedure is carried out regularly - every two weeks, starting from the last decade of May.
Important! It is not necessary to water the plants under the root. You can simply irrigate a bed of watering can. Do not forget to remove the nozzle so that it does not clog.
- Potato peelings for melons and gourds (pumpkin, melons, zucchini, cucumbers)
Cleaning will be useful when planting melon crops. Make a hole, add a slurry of potato flour or chopped peel to the bottom, pour in a little earth, add fertilizer again, sprinkle with earth again and plant the seedlings. This will provide the plants with a supply of nutrients for a long time. It is also recommended to regularly water crops with infusion or decoction: this will help them build up green mass and give a good harvest.
- Potato peel for indoor plants
A decoction of potato peelings is a gentle fertilizer that can be used for indoor plants immediately after transplantation.
On a note! Do not be too zealous, feeding the potato fertilizer all the beds without exception. This fertilizer should not be used for tomatoes, peppers, eggplants, because these crops have a lot of diseases common with potatoes.
Potato peelings as bait for pests
Colorado potato beetle, wireworm, slugs - potato cleansing will help get rid of all these hated pests. The first shoots have not yet hatch, scatter the skin over the area. Do this for the night, and in the morning collect the bait together with the insects accumulated on it and burn it.
Important! Leaving the bait for several days is not worth it, because cleaning is a treat for rodents.
Potato peelings attract not only pests, but also beneficial earthworms. Worms loosen the soil, improving its structure. And thanks to this, the flow of oxygen to the root system is ensured, and the process of plant nutrition is also facilitated.
Potato peel for the chimney
Many in the country have a stove or fireplace. Therefore, from time to time the question arises how to clean the chimney from the accumulated soot. Surprisingly, potato peelings will be useful in this case too. Someone would call it the old-fashioned way. But what's the difference if it really works and in terms of efficiency is not inferior to purchased “chemistry”.
Cleaning the chimney with potato peelings is carried out as follows. The stove or fireplace melts well. A bucket of peel is thrown into the firebox (it can be more, it depends on the capacity of the firebox). In the combustion process, starch is released from the product, which decomposes soot. Its small particles fly into the pipe, and the larger and heavier ones fall into the furnace.
Important! Cleaning is not a complete cleaner, but only softens the soot. Therefore, after the “potato” manipulations, you still have to clean the chimney top mechanically.
The resourceful summer resident will surely find use even for such a useless product, at first glance, as potato peels. Try it and you experiment. After all, you risk nothing.
Potato peelings - good fertilizer for the garden
If you live in a private house or you are the owner of a summer cottage, then you are sure to send potato peelings into a compost pit. And what should the residents of city apartments, who go to the country only in season, do? Throwing cleanup into the bin is not the best option. You can easily save them until spring by drying or freezing.
Do not throw away the potato peels, they will make free natural fertilizer
Potato peelings will serve you well. They will be a good fertilizer for many plants, environmentally friendly, and most importantly - free. Most often, they are simply buried in the ground, so that they, when decomposed, give the soil useful substances. But clean-ups can also help you with outdoor use in pest control.
- Lay out cleaning piles of beds. The scent of potatoes really like slugs. They crawl on cleaning, and you easily collect them.
- In the same way you can get rid of the larvae of the most malicious potato enemy - the Colorado potato beetle. Spread a pile of cleaning between rows of potatoes and wait until the larvae crawl on them. It remains only to scrape the pile, pour kerosene and burn.
- Potworm larvae are very fond of potatoes. So that they do not spoil the crops, offer them potato peeler thicker, burying them to a shallow depth in different places. A few days later remove the cleaning with the larvae settled in them from the ground. Lay out the cleaning in the garden between the rows so that insect pests gather on them.
Benefit for various plants
First of all, it is worth noting that fertilizer and fertilizing from cleanings are categorically inappropriate for plants of the nightshade family, such as:
Эти растения родственные, поэтому, во-первых, содержащиеся в очистках вещества и микроэлементы будут для них просто бесполезны, а во-вторых, у них общие болезни. Такая подкормка может привести к заражению фитофторозом и чёрной паршой.
Note! Heat treatment disinfects potato peelings, killing late blight and scab pathogens. Therefore, if you dried the cleaning in the oven at high temperatures or poured boiling water for the infusion, the fertilizer will not harm the plants.
But other plants will be very happy with this feed in any form:
- Cucumbers, watermelons, pumpkins, zucchini watering a solution with a small amount of thick root.
- Cruciferous plants (swede, cabbage and turnip) are well perceived by irrigation at the root of the filtered solution of flour from potato peels.
- Red and black currants. She not only increases the overall yield, but also the berries significantly increase in size due to the high content of starch in the cleanings.
- Garden and indoor flowers can also be fed such fertilizer, especially bush. Top dressing from potato peel significantly increases the yield of currants
Rules for the procurement of raw materials and the preparation of infusions
If you have an open balcony, you can freeze it on cleaning as they appear in small portions.. With this method, all the vitamins and valuable substances are preserved. True, there is one drawback. As soon as the temperature rises, the cleaning will begin to thaw and rot, which means it smells unpleasant. It is unlikely that you will be able to store them in the freezer, since there are other products in it. Therefore, it is necessary to immediately go to the country and use cleaning as intended as soon as possible.
You can apply the second method - dry cleaning. Although it is more difficult in the process, it is much more convenient in terms of storage of the finished product. Dry clean, spreading them evenly on the battery or windowsill. You can use the oven to speed up the drying process. 2-3 hours at 140 degrees for each batch of cleaning is enough. After drying you can store them in linen bags, which is very convenient.
If you want to achieve greater effect, dried in the oven or on the battery of cleaning, twist in a meat grinder, and then dry again. In this way, you will get potato flour, which will decompose in the soil much faster than the whole cleaning.
Fold the prepared cleaning in a barrel and fill them with boiling water to get a nourishing brew.
In the spring, harvested potato peelings, pre-dried or frozen, put in a large container, for example, in a barrel, and pour boiling water over it. Put soaked for a day, stirring occasionally. As a result, you get a solution and gruel, which include vitamins, minerals, salts and starch needed by many plants.