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How to grow roses Rugoza: best tips

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I want to share the experience of growing roses with beginner rose.

Askhat Mavkhutdinov, Republic of Bashkortostan

Roses - ideal flowers for a garden of any style. Firstly, they are good in themselves, and secondly, they go well with other colors.

When we first planted roses in our garden, they did not take root. It turned out we did a lot wrong. But as they say, a negative result is also a result. And also experience.

In our climate, roses should be planted in the spring. Buy seedlings with strong healthy roots and at least three healthy shoots. Before planting, dip the bare roots in a clay mash, or at least put them in water overnight. Roots are saturated with moisture, and this will be a good start for growth.

Rose likes a sunny, well-ventilated place. The soil must be drained and fertile. Planting pits are approximately 50x50x50 cm. Mix garden soil with compost and a small amount of fertilizer for roses. If the roots are long, cut them with shears.

Plant a rose so that the budding place goes to the ground by 3-4 cm (one of our first landing mistakes - we left this place above the ground). Pour and pour well. Elevate the shoots, then high (up to 30 cm)

Spud the ground seedling. When new shoots appear, rake the ground from the bush. Shortly before flowering, feed fertilizer with phosphorus, and in August, give roses potash supplements to improve winter hardiness.

Before the start of frosts, remove the remaining leaves on the bushes, shorten the shoots. Then dig a bush and cover with spruce branches.

Solvable problems

My relationship with roses consists of success and defeat.

Raisa Belozerova, Kaluga

I have been growing roses for over 20 years. I adore these flowers because of their graceful aroma, variety of color, and abundant and prolonged flowering. Some gardeners complain that it is difficult to grow roses.

But this is not quite so. You just need to strongly want to read gardening literature more often and take into account the experience of rose water.

My relationship with roses consists of success and defeat. The area of ​​my rosary is 4 × 7 m. It adjoins the garden house on the south side. Light wooden structures with a stretched green grid enclose a corner in which three climbing roses grow.

Between them - clematis bushes that twine around the lash of roses and the grid from bottom to top. Eleven spray roses grow in the center of the rose garden. Recently, I prefer to grow floribunda roses. They are unpretentious, bloom throughout the summer, not individual flowers, and buds.

Do not strive to have on the site a lot of rose bushes. If you want the plants to always look great, plant them away from each other. Do not plant other types of brightly flowering plants towards them, but at the same time ornamental-leaved plants (fern, asparagus, gypsophila, kohii) will only emphasize their beauty.

When sheltering roses for the winter, it is very important not to overdo it: the plants more often die not from freezing, but from drying out.

In spring, do not overtighten with the opening. After this, treat the bushes with Inta-Wird to eliminate pests, including aphids. Then give foliar application, spray young leaves with Epin-Extra.

After a short period of time it is necessary to spray with Zircon. This drug, it seems to me, enhances the energetics of roses: they acquire strength and bright coloring before our eyes. I use WMD (organic-mineral fertilizer) as feed.

And, of course, the growth stimulator HB-101. He brings life-giving power to all my plants, including roses.

Reviews and comments: 2

I will say right away: home conditions are only suitable for growing dwarf varieties: ordinary roses have a very long root and they cannot grow in ordinary pots.
The place where the pots with roses will stand should be light, well ventilated, sunny. The temperature should not fall below 10 °. In the summer, you can take the plants in pots on the balcony or on the street.
During the growing season (since the beginning of spring), watering should be moderate and regular, without stagnant water. In winter, watering must be reduced. Fertilize flowers every 2-3 weeks until August. Faded flower stalks to remove.
For roses, a soil mixture of 2 parts of greenhouse humus and 2 parts of a mixture of clay and sand mixed with bird droppings powder is considered optimal.

The biggest problem with growing roses is disease. In wet weather in the second half of summer, varieties with delicate foliage especially suffer from powdery mildew. I learned to cope with this scourge.
Soot roses only in a well-ventilated place. I hate not to overfeed the plants with nitrogen fertilizers. As soon as powdery mildew spots appear on the bushes, I cut off the leaves, prune the affected shoots and start spraying with infusions.
nettle, mullein and ash, decoction of horsetail with an interval of 5-7 days.
Nettle infusion is not only a means of protection against powdery mildew, but also a good dressing for roses. Fresh nettle (500-700 g) pour 5 liters of cold water. Insist week, stirring daily. When active fermentation begins, I filter the infusion and dilute with water at a ratio of 1:10. I also use the infusion against aphids, but I take an undiluted three-day. And when it is necessary to get rid of thrips (tiny insects sucking the juice from the plants), I apply nettle extract with a decoction of horsetail (1: 1).
The decoction of the horsetail is effective against both powdery mildew and rust (first on the upper side of the leaves, then on the bottom orange pads appear, which turn black by autumn). Pouring 500 g of dry horsetail 10 liters of cold water, insist day, then boil for 30 minutes. When the decoction is cool. I filter and dilute with water in the ratio 1: 5.
Insist mullein and ash well helps from powdery mildew. B10 l of water I grow 1 kg of fresh cow dung, I add 200 g of wood ash. Insist 7 days, filter through cheesecloth.
Spraying with different infusions and decoctions I try to alternate.
To combat the fungal diseases - powdery mildew, downy mildew (peronosporiozom), black spot (martine), rust - prevention is important, so I begin to process the roses with the appearance of the first leaves with three solutions in 10-14 days, alternating them.
Solution 1 Fitosporin-M breed according to the instructions.
Solution 2, I dilute 1 teaspoon of boric acid in a glass of hot water, 1 teaspoon of copper sulfate - in a glass of warm water, 1/2 tsp of potassium permanganate - in a glass of hot water. Then I pour all the components into a plastic bottle and add water to a volume of 1.5 liters. For processing plants take 1 cup of solution per 10 liters of water for spraying over the leaves or watering from watering can.
Solution 3. I fill in with boiling water 1 pack of baking soda, 1 glass of vegetable oil. 1 piece of laundry soap (rubbed on a grater) and stir until smooth. I bring the volume up to 3 liters with warm water. For processing plants, I dilute 1 cup of solution in 10 liters of water.

Biological features

"Rugoza" shrub growing in height to two meters. Its branches can have various forms, and the lignified old shoots lose their foliage and turn brown. Rose bushes, depending on the species, can be creeping or liana-like, significantly elevated above the ground. The shoots of this shrub are densely covered with small and large needle-like or sickle-shaped thorns. The foliage of the rose bush is distinguished by a bright green color with a characteristic brilliance.

The leaves have a rounded elliptical shape with notched edges. They are collected in constellations of seven leaves. You will also be interested to learn about spray roses, climbing, ground cover. Flowering rose bush begins in May or early June. Flowers have the most various coloring: white, gentle-pink, yellow, bright red. Over time, the number of flowers decreases, but the rose continues to bloom until frost.

The homeland of this shrub is China and Eastern Siberia, where it loves coastal areas and rather harsh natural conditions. Did you know?Rosehips are the most enduring plants that have stood the test for centuries. On the territory of Hildesheim Cathedral grows dog rose, whose age, according to scientists, is 400-1000 years. A copy of the Guinness Book of Records as the oldest dog rose grows in Tumstone since 1885. The rose is wrinkled so hardy that it can tolerate saline soils, drought and harsh winters. In addition, this plant does not need special care, and the lack of fertilizers will not affect it. Decorative effect is inherent in both the original form, and all varieties that are derived from it. All hybrids retained their original qualities and pleasant intense aroma.

The best varieties and hybrids

Rose "Rugoza" has a huge number of varieties and hybrids, characterized by a high level of decoration. Most of all attracts in these shrubs incredible aroma of terry large flowers. However, the fruits of this plant are not only beautiful, but also useful, which allows them to be used effectively in traditional medicine.

So, the most popular varieties:

  • Grootendorst. The first copy of this line was launched in 1918 by De Goy and named in honor of his colleague F. Y. Grootendorst. In the same year, the "inspirer" introduced it in his greenhouse for further breeding. The source for this variety was the “Rugosa Rubra” rose, which was crossed with a little-known polyanthus species. Thanks to this selection, a charming specimen with bouquets containing 5–20 raspberry-red slightly fragrant flowers of small diameter (3-4 cm) was obtained. The unusual clove form and abundant flowering gave this variety a different name - Nelkenrose (clove rose). In our area, this upright bush grows to 1-1.5 meters. Leaves - glossy, dark green. The plant is hardy, freezes only when severe frosts.

    Pink Grootendorst". Pink version of the Grootendorst. The most amazing specimen.

This pyramid-sprawling shrub grows up to 1.5 meters. He has wrinkled shiny light green leaves.

The flowers are light pink, densely double, 3-4 cm in diameter. In the inflorescences 5-15 flowers are collected, the petals of which have carved edges.

  • Grootendorst Symprem. Differs in dark crimson flowers.
  • White Grootendorst. Double pure white version of the “Rugoza” rose.
  • Abelzieds. High (up to 2 meters) pyramidal shrub. Differs cup-shaped pale pink semi-double flowers.
  • "Agnes". It is characterized by large creamy yellow double flowers.
  • "George Ken". The flowers of this hybrid are large, cupped, fragrant, dark red hue.
  • "Konrad Ferdinand Meyer". It is characterized by double bright pink flowers with a silvery sheen.
  • "My Hammarberg." Low (up to 50 cm) shrub with large wrinkled leaves. It blossoms in cupped light purple-red flowers (about 9 cm in diameter).

  • “Rosere de L’3”. Differs in cherry-red large (8-10 cm) terry flowers.
  • "Souvenir de Philemon Cauche". Shrub with white cupped large flowers.
  • "Queen of the North". Blooms double red flowers. The most hardy of terry roses.

  • "Hanza". Shrub with reddish-purple large flowers.
  • Alba. The leaves of this shrub in autumn change color from light green to golden. Blooms profusely with white flowers with original golden stamens.

Seedlings preparation

In order for the bushes to settle down well, they must be kept in the water. And in order for the roses to grow healthy, it is necessary to check the state of the root system: remove unusable roots and prune weak shoots.

The process and scheme of planting rose seedlings

Pink bushes are best planted in early spring before buds bloom.

Before planting a rose, prepare holes (50 cm in diameter and 45 cm deep) for each seedling. Important!To ensure that the bush does not spread out in breadth due to the root growth, the area where it is cultivated «Rugoza»It is advisable to insulate vertically with rooted iron sheets. If this shrub is planted to create a hedge, it is placed at a distance of 1.5-2 m from each other according to the scheme:

  • high hedge - 60x60 cm or 80x80 cm,
  • medium high - 30x30 cm or 50x50 cm.

Before planting, the seedlings are dipped in a clay mash and placed in a prepared well filled with pre-humus or peat (1 bucket per well).

So that the land near the bush does not dry out after planting, it is poured with 10 lira of water and mulched. At the end of planting the sapling is shortened by 1/3.

Watering, loosening and weeding

In order for the plant to be pleased with its beauty and not hurt, it is necessary to fight weeds and regularly loosen the soil around the bush.

"Rugoza" refers to heat-resistant plants and does not require systematic watering. However, the soil should be well drained and moderately wet, but not flooded.

It is better to water the bushes rarely (once a week), but abundantly (about 15 liters of water per bush).

At the age of 6-7 years, the roots of the plant reach a depth of 2.5 m, which is why “Rugosa” can withstand a short drought well.

Fertilization

The first two years it is not necessary to fertilize the shrubs, and in the third you can add urea (15-20 g per 2 square meters).

After the rose began to bear fruit, once in 3-4 years the soil is fertilized with organic (10-15 kg of humus, mullein or bird droppings) and mineral (50-60 g of superphosphate and 20 g of potassium salt per 1 square meter) fertilizers. Learn how to feed roses.

The bush is trimmed to rejuvenate it. Pruning begin in the third year of the plant.

At the same time, frail branches lying on the ground are removed. The rest of the shoots are pruned to 15-18 cm, leaving 4-5 healthy branches aged 1-2 years.

When the cut shoots grow to 70 cm, pinch their tops, shortening to fifth. This will help develop lateral branches and stimulates fruiting. In subsequent years, it is necessary to regularly remove unproductive four to six-year-old shoots, broken and underdeveloped branches, and already faded tops.

Thanks to this method, the rose will be abundant and constantly bloom.

Important!The number of branches must be controlled. During the period of full fruiting on the bush should be 16-20 young (1-4 years) branches. Then leave only 2-3 young healthy shoots.

Although “Rugoza” belongs to frost-resistant varieties, it is better to cover it with cellophane for the winter and to mulch the soil with sawdust.

Propagation of rose cuttings

Under natural conditions, the wrinkled rose is propagated by seeds. Cultivated species are bred by vegetative methods: disembarking children, dividing a bush and grafting.

Budding carried out in early spring or early autumn. In winter, all the stocks need a quality shelter. After the warm weather is established, the seedlings will break out and prune.

In case reproduction is carried out by cutting, the cuttings cut in autumn are stored until spring in a container with moist sand in a room where the temperature is kept at + 4-5 ° C.

Use in landscape design

And the rose "Rugoza Alba", and all other varieties are used both in monoplants and in small groups.

Important!Since this bush has thick branches, it does not need support. By planting a wrinkled rose as a hedge, you can protect the site from prying eyes and uninvited guests. Moreover, such a fence will delight not only flowering: at the end of summer, bright red or dark orange fruits appear on these bushes, which stand out favorably in the green foliage.

And by the end of September, the foliage of this rose becomes reddish, and the bushes become a real decoration of the site. All kinds of “Rugoza” roses look good against a juniper with a vertical or spreading crown. A spirea brightens her faded spring.

Did you know?It is the varieties of roses «Rugoza» at one time were planted on sand hills in the suburb of Königsberg. Decorated with these bushes and hillsides in the Netherlands, where the exhibition of flowers was held.

Growing "Rugosa" - a real pleasure for the gardener. Experienced growers recommend beginners to start developing roses from this particular variety. And tips on how to care for roses, will help to get a lot of aesthetic pleasure during their flowering and from the magnificent combination with other types of plants.

Advantages and disadvantages of rose rugosa

The main advantage of this species is its excellent plant productivity and regular yield. So, for example, the fruits begin to ripen at the end of August and this process lasts for almost three weeks.

Roses require careful care

Also quite large fruits are pleased - about three cm in diameter, weight - from 5 to 16 g, rather fleshy, have an oblong shape. From one bush can be harvested about 4 kg of crop. The wrinkled rose is also distinguished by excellent frost resistance - it withstands temperatures down to -40 ° C without any shelter, the variety is resistant to diseases and pests. Also, many gardeners love this crop due to the fact that the plant is quickly restored after pruning, resistant to high humidity and grows on any soil.

But, of course, there are downsides. For example, a large number of shoots quickly form on a bush, and it also has low drought tolerance.

Rose wrinkled - features of its cultivation

Уход за розой – достаточно простое занятие, поскольку эта культура маловосприимчива к засухе, температурным колебаниям. Однако для получения красивых цветов очень важно создать необходимые условия для выращивания этой культуры.

К основным особенностям выращивания относят:

  • The wrinkled rose loves good lighting very much, therefore it is better to grow shrubs on the south side, and the plot should be protected from drafts.
  • Ideally, you need to land before the appearance of the kidneys - this is spring. But work can also be done in the fall. Between the bushes should be a distance of 1.5 m.
  • For planting roses, you should choose a moist and fertile soil, but in addition you need to add organic matter and mineral fertilizers, it will be useful to mulch the site.
  • If using this plant you want to create a hedge, seedlings should be placed at a distance of about 60 cm from the fence. The depth of the hole should be about 20 cm.
  • The soil before planting the seedlings must be “fed up”, for which about 10 kg of humus, 40 g of potassium salt and about 10 g of superphosphate must be used for each square meter of land.
  • After planting, water the roses liberally and grumble the soil.

Under the seedlings they dig holes so that the roots can be spread out freely, and the neck should be dug centimeters by 8. Plants are planted from each other at a distance of 1 to 1.5 m.

Attention! Shrubs develop poorly in a draft, so choose a protected area.

The roots and shoots of park roses are formed over 3 years. During this period, it is necessary to loosen the ground, water it, feed it, and prune it. In spring and summer, the need for water increases, because plants consume a lot of energy for development and flowering. In early September, watering is stopped.

Young bush rose park

A very important point is circumcision. They spend it 2 years after planting in April, and before that they only remove damaged branches.

Shoots of some species should be shortened in half, leaving approximately 6 buds. By pruning you can rejuvenate the bush.

To do this, the shoots are cut off near the ground, then the young stems will begin to grow actively.

Council Since the park roses have very sharp thorns, when processing them, use a canvas apron and thick gloves.

Fertilizer and fertilizer for better development

In the spring roses need magnesium, iron, boron. They contain specially selected dressings for roses. Fertilize the plants at this time and manure. Further park roses begin to feed in late August to strengthen the roots.

Under the bushes make fertilizer with a high content of potassium, phosphorus and calcium. The second feeding is in September. Under the bushes pour a bucket of water with potassium monophosphate dissolved in it (16 g) and superphosphate (15 g).

The last dressing is done in October, while adding organic matter in the form of rotted compost.

Roses need to be fed with special fertilizers.

How to multiply park roses

  1. Layeringwhen the stems in the spring are bent to the ground itself and having secured, they are sprinkled with earth. The following year they are separated and determined to a permanent place.
  2. Overgrown, for which offspring at the age of 1 year is separated from the main bush in the spring, and then, having shortened the stems by a third, they are transplanted.
  3. Division overgrown bushes in early spring or autumn. Do this with the use of a secateur. Each delenka should have roots and at least 1 stem. The separated part is planted in compliance with the usual landing rules.
  4. Lignified or green cuttings. The first is harvested in the fall, buried in the sand, and planted in the spring. The second - at the beginning of flowering.

What is sick park roses. Pests

Park roses are characterized by diseases such as spherotek or powdery mildew. For plants it is very dangerous, because often leads to death.

It is expressed in the appearance of gray bloom on the leaves below.

To prevent its occurrence, before the beginning of the growing season, the bushes are sprayed with blue vitriol, and in the summer - with a solution consisting of 0.5 buckets of water, 0.3 kg of sulfur, quicklime (1 kg), and table salt (0.2 kg).

Garden Khrushchev and raspberry weevil are the main enemies of park roses. They lay the larvae in the buds, and they eat them. The beetles themselves eat everything from the buds to the leaves and flowers. Therefore, beetles should be collected at the first appearance and destroy.

By picking up a well-lit area with breathable soil in your garden, and ensuring proper care, you can grow beautiful park roses.

Varieties of re-flowering white park roses

The term "park roses" is used in relation to domestic rose hips. Most often, these are wild rose hybrids wrinkled (Rosarugosa), although the group of park roses includes varieties bred from other natural species - prickly rose, white rose, etc.

Like other varieties of garden roses, park can be single or re-flowering. The properties of remontance have mainly rugosa hybrids, since this species blooms again in nature. Interesting varieties of white park roses are collected in the table:

Rugoza hybrids have thorny shoots, which makes it difficult to care for them. However, the foliage of these park roses is bright, well shading white flowers, so these plants look decorative and are well suited for creating flowering hedges, for gardening slopes.

Tip # 1. The leaves of rugosa hybrids have a characteristic wrinkling, but it does not spoil the external impression of the plant. In addition, the leaves of these varieties are able to maintain a bright green color until late autumn, which makes the bushes a worthy element of landscape design.

Varieties of single-blooming white park roses

The varieties of the Grottendorst group, to which the White Grootendorst rose, is otherwise referred to as "carnation roses."

Not for every roseberry repairing flowering is a crucial point. This is especially true for owners of plots located in cold climatic zones, where a short summer does not even allow re-flowering varieties to enter the second wave of flowering. For such flower growers the more important advantages are the following:

  • increased winter hardiness
  • increased resistance to fungal diseases,
  • good resistance of flowers to rain.

In this situation, it makes sense to pay attention to these varieties of white park roses:

  • Alba Suaveolens. Where, when and by whom this rose was bred has not been established, but it has been known since the Middle Ages. Some researchers suggest that it is Alba Suaveolens that is the most famous white rose of York, which is depicted on the coat of arms of the dynasty. This is a powerful plant that can grow up to 2 meters and cover an area of ​​up to 3 m2. The flowers are large (7 cm), pure white, medium-sized, with a strong, expressive aroma. Abundant flowering, early, in the hands of 5-10 pieces. Resistance to rain is good, excellent to fungal infections. The variety is recommended for USDA zone III.
  • Double Scotch White. Also a very old Scottish hybrid of rose thorn, known for over two hundred years. Vigorous shrub, small flowers (up to 5 cm), semi-double with a great aroma. The variety is interesting not only during flowering, but also during the fruiting period, since it is black-fruited. Drought-resistant, extremely frost-resistant (USDA zone II), not demanding on soils. Resistance to rain and fungal infections is very high.

Having got these white park roses, you only have to worry about limiting their growth. High viability makes them quite aggressive "invaders" of the territory. Therefore, to plant such roses is better in places where this feature would be appropriate.

Tip # 2. The fruits of many park roses are large, fleshy and very useful. According to the content of vitamin C, they are not inferior to the fruits of wild rose hips, so park roses can be used not only for decorative purposes.

Reviews rose about white park roses

Rose Double Scotch White quickly masters the territory and can be used to strengthen moving soils.

“Schneekoppe grows under extreme conditions. The soil is heavy, clayey, it does not warm well, the sun happens on this site only after lunch. But the rose suffers and pleases with flowering. It blooms in June, the first wave is very abundant. Then the whole summer gives out flowers, but not so frequent. Each flower lasts about 5 days. The bush grows better in width, in height I have grown to only 70 cm. For the winter I just roll up. It hibernates well, only undisturbed shoots freeze slightly. It does not suffer from anything, but insects need to be treated - pests like rugozy. Otherwise, the rose is practically maintenance-free ”(Olga, Moscow region).

“I know the Rose Double Scotch from my childhood - a huge bush was growing near the house. The aroma is stunning, the bush at the beginning of summer stood like a bride. Now I want to dissolve in my area. I got a thin root scion last fall, planted and tucked. I survived the winter perfectly, over the summer it grew well. I hope for flowering next year ”(Tatiana, St. Petersburg).

“Rosa Martin Frobisher is very prickly! Special

White park roses may have a slight “blush”, like the Martin Frobisher variety.

spiny basal shoots, on the second order there are almost no thorns. It blooms beautifully, in 10 pieces in the inflorescence, but the old flowers turn brown, cover the young buds and spoil the whole look. We have to constantly cut them ”(Galina, Nizhny Novgorod).

Expert advice on the use of park roses

The barbed hedge of park roses is impassable not only for humans, but also for some animals.

Park roses provide many opportunities for use in the garden. For example, landscape designer Valery Ilyin, a regular contributor to the magazine Home and Garden, recommends the following:

“First of all, hips are the best material for creating impassable living scenes. And you can quite well predict the capabilities of a particular variety, knowing the characteristic features of a natural species. For example, from varieties of white roses (R. alba), known in culture from the XVI century, you can get with time an impassable barbed hedge more than 2.5 m in height, gradually growing in width. Bushes do not get sick, they are not affected by pests, but old plantings need regulatory pruning. ”

Thus, a strong spike shoots of park roses from lack can turn into dignity.

Actual questions about white park roses

Question number 1. How to trim white park roses?

Very often, park roses are not pruned at all, but even in such a neglected state the bushes live and bloom for several years. However, sooner or later they will need rejuvenating pruning. As for the regular spring or autumn haircut, it should be done moderately. In the fall, undisturbed shoots are cut, in the spring - poorly wintered or damaged by fungus. Also, from time to time the bushes require thinning.

Question number 2. How to spray a park rose from pests?

It depends on which pest attacked the bush. For example, almost any insecticide is suitable for aphids, and a spider mite needs a drug with acaricidal properties, such as Aktara or Fufanon. For the prevention of roses, you can spray the biological drug "Fitoverm".

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