Many growers prefer to grow liana-like plants, as they are ideal for gardening apartments. And due to its attractiveness, they can give any room a unique comfort. The rainforest is home to all lianas, so they have very large and bright colors. There are many such types of indoor plants, but perhaps the most common of them is Hoya.
Description and area of growth
In their natural habitat, vines grow in Australia, South China and India. This unusual liana can be found on the trunks of trees and on the slopes of the mountains.
In its form hoya can be hanging or curling. Foliage vines have a heart-shaped or oval shape. Sheet-plate dark green shade, in some species can be found motley leaves.
If we talk about indoor floriculture, then among the hoi is considered the most common fleshy, shoots which can grow up to 7 meters in length. The leaves are fleshy hoy saturated green color, located on the shoot opposite.
Small flowers are shaped like starsthat gather in umbrellas umbrellas. As a rule, up to 24 small flowers bloom in one inflorescence, the color range of which is quite diverse:
- White and many others.
It is worth noting that hoyu is often used in indoor floriculture as vertical gardening of a room or as a ground cover plant to decorate a winter garden.
Varieties of wax ivy
At home flower growers are mostly bred The following types of hoya or wax ivy:
- Hoya Bella. This indoor plant is an evergreen and undersized flower with hanging or sloping branches that can reach 50 cm in length. The leaves of the vine are small, reach a length of 3 cm, fleshy and slightly convex. The flowers of this type of ivy are star-shaped, the flowers themselves are white, and the heart is crimson.
- Hoya is meaty. This vine is considered the most popular among all species. Leaves liana reach a length of 8 cm, shiny and fleshy. Inflorescences, as a rule, consist of 20 flowers of a pinkish shade. There are also such species, the middle of which may be red or with a cream edging. Care for meaty hoy is very simple.
- Hoya is majestic. This climbing houseplant has pubescent shoots, oval oblong leaves, which can grow up to 20 cm in length. The leaf blades are rounded at the base, very smooth. The flowers of this species are dark red hues, and the outer side is greenish-yellow. Flowers are collected in umbrellas of 6 pieces.
- Hoya many-flowered. Caring for this variety is also quite simple. This liana can often be found in flower tents and in greenhouses.
This creeper is a rather picky plant, especially if you do not disturb it in vain, do not change its location, water it regularly and do not replant it too often. In this case, wax ivy will bloom profusely and feel great.
To get rid of them, the plant must be treated with insecticide. However, some varieties of hoi with thick leaves enough to wipe with alcohol. BUT for prevention and combating microscopic worms, the pot and the ground during transplanting must always be sterilized.
Diseases of this climbing plant are most often caused by a deficiency of nutrients or light, as well as excessive watering. For example, due to lack of moisture, irregular leaves can form. With excessive watering and sharp fluctuations in temperature, the plant infects the fungus.
Wax ivy in many cases affects infectious diseases caused by viruses, fungi and bacteria. If a black, white or gray bloom appears on its leaves, then most likely there are fungal spores. Because of the microorganisms still rot may appearwilting and spotting. To heal a flower it will turn out processing by copper and soap solution.
When the plant has root rot, it is destroyed in most cases. Of course, you can try to save hoya with colloidal sulfur or Bordeaux liquids.
Powdery mildew can strike leaves of flowering creeper. With the appearance of this disease on them a white plaque is formed. In the neglected case fungal disease includes stems and buds. To heal the flower, it is necessary to humidify the air, provide optimal care and improve ventilation in the room.
Frequent care errors
If wax ivy is not happy with its flowering at home, the reason may be in poor lighting, improper wintering, lack of nutrients in the substrate. By the way when pruning peduncles, hoya may not bloom for several years.
When pale and twisted leaves are detected, should pay attention to the temperature and lighting. Such a nuisance usually arises due to excessive sunshine or too low a temperature content.
The leaves on the hoi begin to fall off strongly if the air in the room is too dry. Still, it is possible that it was watered with cold water. Plant growth slows down most often when there is a shortage of nitrogen in the soil.