Tell me please, do you like money? In a good sense of the word, of course. And what more, rubles or dollars? What a stupid question? Of course, dollars today are more interesting who argues. Do you know how to attract them to yourself? Work for the currency, right. In the bank to make an exchange, is also correct, but also? Do not know? Then we open a terrible secret, do not tell anyone about it. Dollars are attracted by a magic flower called zamioculcas - a dollar tree, and we will talk about how to care for it today.
What kind of zamioculcas beast or dollar tree?
Zamioculcas (read as "Zamiokulkas"), and in common people a dollar tree, it is a flower of the aroid family originally from tropical Africa. Like the money tree, Zamiokulkas is a succulent, that is, a plant that can accumulate moisture inside the leaves, stem and roots for further gradual use. The dollar tree has very beautiful fleshy wax-covered leaves, consisting of 8-12 divided feathers. And under the ground, this plant hides a powerful tuber-like rhizome - a real reservoir of water reserves for a rainy day. The growth of a dollar tree reaches a meter, and yet it, unlike a monetary tree, has the ability to bloom. The zamiokulkas flower resembles a corn cob, which contains small, inconspicuous flowers hiding under a green leafy bedspread. However, the event is quite rare even in nature, what can we say about home conditions. But this is not important. The main thing is that the dollar tree is unpretentious, and taking care of it is simple even for an amateur grower.
Care for a dollar tree
- Rooting cuttings and leaf. Since zamioculcas is a flower, it is possible in nature that it can be propagated by seeds. However, they are not actually available for sale. But there are other options. For example, the separation of an adult plant into parts, planting a branch, cutting or a single leaf of a plant. Before rooting, both the stalk and the leaf are lightly dried for 2–3 days.
- The choice of pot and soil. After that, the finished planting material is placed in a small pot with specially prepared soil. It consists of sand, humus, peat and turf, taken in equal parts. In the future, when the plant grows up, the container will need to be changed to a large one, in which the roots can settle freely, without touching the walls of the pot.
Watering. Watering and fertilizing both an adult and a young dollar tree is produced from the beginning of March to the end of October. The signal for the next watering is the complete drying of the soil in the pot. Water needs to be infused so much to soak the soil to the full depth, but no more. There should be no puddle on the surface and in the pan. It is better to underfill than pour. From waterlogging, the plant can become ill with root and stem rot or become infected with parasites, from which it will have to be long and tediously treated.
7 secrets of Zamiokulkas care
- Immediately after buying the plant, allow it to adapt for a couple of weeks and only then proceed to transplant.
- Best of all, a dollar tree grows near windowsills, but without direct sunlight.
- In winter, it is worthwhile to bring it closer to the sunlight, and to accustom it to the bright sunshine gradually in the spring.
- For irrigation, use soft distilled water.
- The root system of the plant loves wide pots.
- Thick and fleshy stems should be supported to prevent them from cracking.
- Zamiokulkas does not like spraying, but sometimes the fox should be cleaned from dust.
If you grow a plant, you will be interested to learn about signs and superstitions about zamiokulkas. This is probably all that you need to know about the dollar tree and how to care for it. Settle this tropical guest on your windowsill, and let the dollars flow to you an inexhaustible river.
How to care for a dollar tree
The root of the zamiokulkas is tuberous, it is able to store water well, and therefore it is quite easy to tolerate short-flow and drought. Calmly lives without watering up to two weeks. You can safely leave it, going on vacation, or leaving the office for a long vacation.
But he does not like modulations. If the water is in the pan, the root can rot. Therefore, drainage and moderate watering are very important. Watering is needed only when the top layer of soil dries out very well.
Does not like Zamiokulkas and low temperatures. Prefers good lighting and air temperature not lower than 18 degrees. But in winter it goes into hibernation and is better if at this time the temperature is no higher than 16 degrees Celsius. Good winters on a warmed balcony. Moreover, at a low temperature, the plant does not need not only top dressing, but also ordinary watering.
It does not tolerate direct sunlight, which can cause leaf burns. In the summer also lives well on the glazed loggia, provided that the sun does not shine directly onto the balcony. The optimum temperature for good development and flowering Zamiokulkasa + 25 degrees.
Loves humidity. Therefore, you need to spray a dollar tree every day. And even better if it will be in a room where there is a humidifier. This is especially true in the winter, when the plant is above the radiator.
When and how to transplant a dollar tree
If you purchase a dollar tree in a store or take it from a friend, the plant must adapt to the new conditions. Therefore, if you see that the pot is clearly small and transplantation is inevitable, wait at least a week or two weeks for the flower to become accustomed.
The roots of the zamiokulkas are strong and powerful, they can easily break the plastic container, so it is better to replace them in ceramic or clay containers. The pot should be slightly larger than the previous one. Be sure to put a drain on the bottom. The soil is suitable either universal or for succulents. It is better to add fine claydite to the universal primer to make it more breathable.
Transplantation should be carried out by transfer, planting a plant in a new pot along with an old clod of earth. But make sure that the top tubers are slightly, about a centimeter, bare.
IMPORTANT! The sap of a dollar tree is poisonous and can cause skin burns, so you need to transplant it with rubber gloves.
How to propagate a dollar tree
There are three methods for breeding a dollar tree.
1. The division of the tuber
The easiest way is to breed a dollar tree by dividing the tuber. When an adult plant is transplanted, the tubers are divided and spread in different pots. A pot for a separated tuber should not be very deep and not very large - about 3-4 cm wider than the rhizome.
Eavesdropping is more time consuming. For starters, you should see a bud on a bare branch. Using a sharp knife, the stem with the kidney must be cut and slightly shortened. There should be at least one leaf and a kidney on the stem. The cut can be powdered with activated carbon to disinfect from possible diseases. The stalk must be dried for 5-7 hours (you can leave it overnight on the windowsill).
Sprinkle vermiculite (a special substrate saturated with minerals) in a small pot and slightly deepen the cutting. Water it every day for 2-4 weeks, during which time the cutting should give good roots. And then it can be transplanted to a permanent place.
3. Planting sheet
The most simple, but not always giving 100% result method. Also very long. Separate several small leaves from a branch, slightly deepen them into loose vermiculite, peat or other substrate. Moisturize it a little. Such a “leaf” seedlings need good lighting. You can create him the effect of a greenhouse, covered with a film. Tuber from leaves formed within a few months.
Remember that zamiokulkas juice is poisonous! Work with him only in gloves!
Zamioculcas was brought to us from Africa. The climatic conditions of the homeland gave him the opportunity to store moisture in the leaves and roots to use it in the dry season.
A dollar tree is a large plant. Under the ground is a massive tuber. Long dense leaves are located on fleshy petioles and covered with a thin waxy bloom. Zamioculcas flowers very rarely, so the appearance of small buds is a good sign. So luck will come to the house soon.
The tree grows slowly, but with good care it reaches a meter in height and looks very picturesque. Such a plant will easily decorate a living room, revive the interior of an office and any public premises.
Planting a plant
Having bought a young young zamiokulkas in a store, in a few weeks it must be planted in a permanent pot with a hole at the bottom. It should not be too big, but wide enough for a large tuber to have enough space for normal development. Pick the soil light. The best option would be:
Combine components in a 1: 1 ratio, mix and use for planting. Put a thick layer of expanded clay on the bottom of the pot. Pour some prepared soil, remove the plant from the temporary container with a lump of earth, put it in a new pot and cover it with earth. Plant carefully, so as not to damage the tuber, otherwise the plant will wither and wither. Do not dig into the ground root system. The flower will grow better if the upper part of the tuber is visible on the surface.
A young dollar tree is recommended to replant every spring. The transshipment is carried out in a larger pot, trying not to disturb the roots. An adult plant does not require such care. It is enough for him to renew the land, and replant it 1 time in 2 years. During this time, the tubers have time to completely fill the pot and begin to bulge out.
Regular transplantation - a pledge of well-being and beautiful appearance of the plant. Careful growers often cover the top soil in a pot with small glass balls, pebbles or other decorative ornaments.
Recommendations for the care of a dollar treeTo get started, learn the general information about the dollar tree.
Zamioculcas – a plant that belongs to the family of Aroids and originates in tropical Africa.
A dollar tree has a thick tuber-like rhizome and glossy leaves.
Now that we have learned a little about Zamiokulkas, we can proceed to the recommendations for the care of the plant.
Soil composition requirements
To find out what kind of soil is needed for zamiokulkas, you need to remember which soils prevail in his homeland, in tropical Africa.
The flower requires loose soil, which will “breathe” well and allow moisture to pass through. You can buy soil in a flower shop and add some river sand. Or else to make the substrate for zamiokulkas by mixing in equal quantities turf soil, leaf soil (obtained as a result of rotting of fallen leaves), peat and river sand.
You can make an alternative "mix" of chernozem, peat and sand in equal proportions. When mixing the soil you need to add to it finely chopped sphagnum, which loosens the soil.
Content temperature and lighting
Zamioculkas unpretentious to the conditions of detention. It can be put both on the south and on the north window. A dollar tree is not afraid of drafts, in the warm season it feels great on the open balcony or in the garden.However, when choosing a place for the flower, take care of the lighting. The lack of light affects the color saturation of the leaves, in addition, new leaves grow weak and unsuitable for reproduction.
A dollar tree quietly tolerates both low and very high temperatures. The optimum temperature is 18-20˚С. In winter, he feels well at a temperature of + 16-18˚С.
Thus, an African plant can be kept in an apartment without creating a tropical hot climate. The plant does not need to extend the sunny day by installing an additional lamp.
Regular irrigation and humidity
Watering zamiokulkas need not too often. The soil should not be constantly wet, and even more so in winter. Add water to the pot when the soil on the surface becomes dry. In winter, watering is done when the substrate in the pot resembles a clod of dry earth.
Go to the humidification of the air. A dollar tree feels great with minimal air humidity. However, do not forget to wipe the leaves of the plant at least once a month with a damp cloth so that dust and dirt will not accumulate on them.
Fertilizer and top dressing of the soilIf the plant inhibits growth and development, then you need to think about how you can feed a dollar tree.
Fertilizing a plant during the growing season should be once a week, alternating organic fertilizer with mineral fertilizer. The concentration of fertilizers should be 2 times less, so the finished dressing is diluted with water 1: 1.
Once a month, the dollar tree should be sprayed with urea or complex fertilizers. In this case, spray the body of the plant, and not the top layer of soil. Feeding up the plant according to the instructions, you save the color of the leaves, prevent disease and accelerate the growth of Zamiokulkas.
Features transplantation zamiokulkasa
In addition to fertilizing and watering, Zamiokulkas should be regularly transplanted into a new pot so that the plant is disease resistant and has a healthy appearance. When do you need to transplant a dollar tree in order not to injure the plant?
Zamiokulkasa transplantation is carried out in April or May. At the same time, it is important to transplant the plant along with the soil from the old pot. Thus, it is necessary to immediately abandon pots that are smaller than the old “house” or identical in size with it.
The plant is transplanted into a larger pot (3-4 cm larger than the old one in diameter), while the tops of the tubers of the roots do not cover the ground so that the root system does not become too wet. 2 days after transplantation, the plant should be watered abundantly.
It is best to replant the plant in a plastic pot with a narrowed bottom. However, it should not be very high, so that during the next transplant you would not have to split it.
As you can see, it is quite simple to transplant zamiokulkas at home.
Division of tubers
It is easy to propagate Zamiokulkas with tubers, as the tuber itself divides during growth. You just have to separate part of the tuber during a planned transplant of a plant.Place the separation should be sprinkled with activated carbon crumbs and leave to dry. After that, plant the plant in a pot with a nutritious primer, pre-covering the bottom of the pot with drainage.
This method of division is not the best, since there is a risk of the death of the mother plant. In addition, a separated tuber may not settle down. It is worth remembering that young plants are not transplanted in this way due to the lack of a sufficient number of tubers.
As you can see, it is very simple to root a dollar tree with tubers; this type of breeding is available even to inexperienced florists.
Propagation by cuttings has its advantages, because, firstly, the cutting contains more nutrients that facilitate rooting of the new plant, and secondly, cuttings can be propagated even when the plant has only 2-3 branches, which can be used as cuttings.
As a rule, take a shoot from a dollar tree is easy. To do this, do not need special tools, it is important only to follow the instructions.For breeding, choose a strong stalk of the optimal size (if you choose too small, then it will take longer to root). The selected process is separated with a knife from the mother plant and placed in water (we also add activated charcoal for disinfection).
There is another variant of grafting, in which the plant is placed in the ground. После срезки побега место отделения обрабатывают толченым углём и оставляют на сутки без помещения в воду или субстрат. Это делается для того, чтобы черенок закрыл сокопроводящие каналы на срезе и образовал пробковый слой.
After a day, the stalk is placed in a moist, light, nutritious soil with the addition of peat and trace elements. To make it easier for the graft to settle down, you can install a greenhouse-cap above it (for this you can take an ordinary glass jar), which you sometimes need to remove for ventilation.
As soon as the first leaf with a reddish film appears on the plant, a cutting is taken. Watering a young plant is necessary so that water does not fall on the kidney (it is better to pour water around the perimeter of the pot).
Leaf reproductionThe easiest type of breeding, which does not require much time and other resources. During leaf reproduction, it is important to understand that the leaf is the entire branch that grows from the ground. The trunk of the zamiokulkas is in the ground and is a tuber with roots. So, for reproduction using small leaves, which are part of a large leaf.
Before you multiply your plant, prepare a sharp knife and a container of water. Carefully cut the leaf off the dollar tree and lower it into the water so that 2/3 of the leaf is submerged in water. When cutting the leaflet you need to grab a small part of the stem.
From the moment you put the leaf in the water, and until the roots appear, it can take about 3-6 months, so do not sin on a bad leaf or the wrong instruction.
Next, the dishes with a sheet to cover with glass / can / polyethylene. Sheet from time to time need to be watered and aired. The time of germination of roots is the same as when immersed in a sheet of water.
Possible problems in cultivation, diseases and pests of zamiokulkas
Money tree is affected by pests most often due to improper care. The most frequent "visitors" of the plant are the spider mite and the scythe.
Let's start with spider mitewhich is parasitic on the plant.
A small arachnid animal that feeds on plant sap. The tick is very small and difficult to see. The parasite inflicts severe damage to the plant, so you need to fight it urgently.
To destroy the pest, you can either soap solution (which need to wipe the entire body of the plant), or use specialized tools to combat the parasite - acaricides. Also spider mite is afraid of alcohol. Moisten a cotton swab with a 96% solution and wipe the entire plant.
The second pest of a dollar tree - shield.Shchitovka belongs to the family of hemiptera insects. It parasitizes many plants, so Zamiokulkas is no exception. For the fight, you can use all the same soap solution from laundry soap, which is applied to the entire body of the plant.
After processing with soap, cover with plastic bag. The treatment is carried out several times until the parasite leaves the plant. We do not recommend the use of chemicals to combat the shield, as they are quite toxic, and spray them in a residential area is prohibited.
In addition to parasites, zamiokulkas can suffer from diseases. Therefore, we will tell you how to identify the "sore" and cure it.
1. Dark spots on the leaves. There are several reasons: excessive moisture, draft or too low temperature. Reduce the amount of watering and move the flower pot to another location. After a while, the zamiokulkas will return to normal.
2. Rotting stalk. The plant begins to rot if it is watered excessively at low temperature. At the same time there is a characteristic putrid odor. In addition to the stem, the roots also begin to rot, so the situation must be rectified promptly so that the plant does not die.
To save a dollar tree, it is dug up and cut off the rotten parts. Slices are treated with activated carbon chips. After "resuscitation", the body of the plant must be treated with a fungicide and transplanted into another pot with new soil.4. Yellowing leaves. We recalled this problem above, when we discussed the irrigation regime. Yellow leaves appear on the plant when there is a surplus of moisture. Also, if rot appears on the roots, the leaves will begin to turn yellow. To cure a plant, you just need to dry the soil or, if it is in a neglected state, transplant it into a new dry substrate.
5. Stains on the stem. If the spots are not wet / soft to the touch, then this is just a feature of the plant. Also dark spots left behind scutes. Yellow dry spots on the leaves appear after sunburn. In this case, just change the place, and the plant itself will be restored.
With the main pests and diseases of the dollar tree, we figured out, now we begin pruning zamiokulkasa.Pruning plants carried out in the spring. During rapid growth, the upper kidney, which receives the most nutrients, is gently removed. Shoots pruned so that in the end the crown resembled the shape of a ball. After pruning, the dollar tree immediately forms the lower buds, which then turn into young shoots.
How to plant a dollar tree from a scion? This is not a very complicated process.
To get shoots usually take adult sheet.
Zamiokulkas (young leaves are not suitable, as they lack the nutrients necessary for the development of a new plant), cut into pieces with 2-3 leaves on each, this breeding method is also called grafting.
Your shoots are ready. Then sections are necessarily dried for 2-3 hours and powdered. activated carbon.
Then prepare the primer. For planting shoots fit normal soil for succulentsmixed with sand, slightly moistened. Approximate planting depth by 1/3 from the base, the ground tightly pressed to the appendix.
The container with the transplanted stem is placed in a warm place; the air temperature should not be less than 22 degrees.
Need good lighting, but not direct sunlight. The first watering should be done after the soil has completely dried by spraying with well-settled water.
For faster rooting of the cuttings, you can cover the glass jar, create a kind of mini-greenhouse, from time to time the ground must be aired, lifting the jar. After 1 - 2 months tubers are formed with roots, and then within six months - young leaves.
This is the easiest way to plant. Adult sheet should be placed in the water, wait appearance of roots, dry a little, then land in the ground (soil is taken for succulents, as well as when planted with a cutting).
Sheet is placed in the soil approximately by 1/3 from its magnitude.
Drainage must be placed on the bottom of the pot, preferably expanded clay, the soil is mixed with sand in proportion 1:3(1 part of sand and 2 parts of soil). Watering is made after drying of the top layer of soil by spraying with settled water.
The answer to the question of how to plant Zamioculcas with leaflets is presented below: Zamiocúlcas You can sit down not only with an adult leaf, but also with leaflets.
The leaves are cut off diagonally from the leaf of the plant, dry the base, sprinkle with slices of activated carbon.
Planting material is ready. The leaves are planted in disposable cups or in a container for growing seedlings.
If the leaves are planted in the ground, mixed with sand, at the bottom of the tank is placed drainage.
If the landing is made in the sand-peat mixture, drainage is not needed. The leaves are immersed in the ground for about 1/3, at an angle to each other and tightly pressed the ground to the base.
Leaves can be placed under a glass jar to create a greenhouse effect, from time to time the jar should lift and air the ground, so as not to create excessive moisture, which does not like the dollar tree.
Capacity with leaves placed in a warm place. no drafts. Watering is done after the soil has completely dried by spraying.
A month later, at the base of the leaves, small nodules with roots are formed. After another 2 weeks, the leaves can be transplanted into the pot can be planted several pieces at onceThis will allow to grow a more lush plant.
The appearance of new leaves should be expected only in a year. The smaller the planting material size of Zamioculkas, the more time is needed for the appearance of new leaves.
Care, maintenance and landing of Zamioculkas is a simple process.
The main thing - follow all necessary conditions. It must also be remembered that the plant is toxic and all procedures for planting and transplanting need to wear gloves.
Under what conditions zamiokulkas breeds
For successful reproduction it is necessary to create suitable conditions. Consider each of the factors in more detail.It is better to hold such events in spring. This is the most suitable time of year for transplanting, dividing indoor flowers.
Zamioculcas refers to drought-resistant plants, so that for its reproduction suitable apartment with central heating. Humidity is 30-60%.
Soil for indoor flowerSoil composition for indoor flower can be prepared at home. Mix in equal quantity such components:
There is a ready-made substrate for growing cacti or succulents. It is also suitable for Zamioculcas. The soil composition should be loose, breathable and with a neutral pH. Provide drainage, the thickness of which is 1⁄4 pot.
Suitable pots made of ceramic and plastic. The roots of the flower are developed, so the capacity should be capacious, but not very deep. Make holes in the bottom to prevent water stagnation.
How to multiply the sheet?Reproduction occurs with a leaf taken from an adult culture. The procedure is as follows:
- Cut a leaf, leave for a few hours to dry.
- Place the cut in a root stimulator dip - Kornevin.
- Replant the planting material in the prepared soil mixture.
- After 3 days, pour the soil, and sprinkle the leaf with water.
- It remains only to wait for the roots to form on the tuber. It takes 2-3 months.
Reproduction in waterThe essence of the method is to place a leaf or a sprig of an adult flower in the water.
It is there that the formation of the new root system will take place.
Dip the bottom of the planting material into the stimulator. Suitable for this:
This is the most popular breeding option for Zamioculcas. Involve shoots of an adult flower. Young leaves, because of their not fully formed leaf plate, are not suitable for reproduction. In addition, they do not contain enough nutritional components, without which it is impossible to grow a full-grown culture from cuttings.
Grafting occurs as follows:
- Involved branch adult flower with a well-developed plate.
- Disconnect the selected instance into separate segments so that each has 2 opposite leaves.
- A cutting obtained from the top of a leaf may have three leaflets. After cutting planting material hold for 2-3 hours in the air. Hurry immediately send it to the ground is not worth it. Due to high humidity, cuttings may die.
- The tips of the branches dip in the root stimulator - Zircon or Kornevin. This treatment protects against diseases.
- For transplantation to prepare a universal substrate. It must contain vermiculite. This substance gives the soil looseness. For quick rooting of planting material, the pot can be transferred to a micro-pot, which can be covered with polyethylene on top.
- Perform first irrigation in 2-3 days. To do this, use the spray. After 1-2 months large tubers with roots are formed on the branches. After 5-6 months, the first leaves are formed.
- The most common mistake that causes damage to the plant and its death, remains plentiful irrigation.
- Also, the dollar tree is lacking in sunlight.
- To plant culture by dividing a tuber only to a person with a certain experience. If all the work is done incorrectly, it is possible to ruin the mother plant and not get new sprouts.
Care for sprouts at home
Growing young shoots of zamiokulkas is easy. To do this, provide irrigation, make feeding and fight pests and diseases.When wetting is recommended to adhere to the following recommendations:
- An excess of moisture for sprouts growing in partial shade can be the cause of their death. A tuber begins to rot at the money tree, which is why it will be impossible to save the culture.
- At the stage of active growth, decorative culture should be watered as the topsoil dries. In the pan water must be absent. In winter, irrigate the plants only after the soil has dried deep.
- Periodically spray the green part of the leaf.
- With a prolonged drought, the leaves of the plant begin to fall off. But the tuber remains, so life can still be returned to the dollar tree. Just water the soil abundantly, and in time the flower will sprout new sprouts.
- Zamiokulkas leaves periodically wipe with a damp cloth. This is not only excellent hygiene, but also an opportunity to improve the appearance of decorative culture.
Fertilize only during the growing season. In spring and summer, use fertilizer 2 times a month. Suitable preparations intended for cacti or succulents.
Diseases and pestsZamioculcas is extremely rarely affected by diseases and pests.
This occurs mainly with the wrong care, or rather, with strong watering. From this roots rot.
The plant must be separated from the rotten root system, and the cooled part is powdered with coal.
When yellow leaves appear, this indicates the presence of the disease. Remove affected parts of the plant until green grows. The following factors can affect the yellowing of the leaves:
- sudden changes in temperature
- defective watering
- pest damage.
The following pests can affect Zamioculcas:
- Spider mite This is a small insect with a red body. It affects the inner part of the leaves, forming a whitish plaque on them. To fight is suitable tobacco infusion (1:10), pollination, ground sulfur or ready insecticides.
- Shchitovka. Young parasites are not particularly noticeable on the plant. But they quickly multiply and cover the stems and leaves with dark spots. Adult pests do not crawl, they simply sit under the shields, from which the larvae go, spreading around the whole flower. To combat parasites used soap and tobacco solution (1:10), which is diluted with kerosene. Remove adults with shields with a wet swab. After treatment with insecticides.
- Aphid. This is a small insect that can be green, gray, black. It affects the inner part of the leaf. It feeds on juice, because of which the leaves dry up and curl up into a tube. Parasites are prone to rapid reproduction. To combat them use ready-made tools or solutions of nicotine sulfate in a soap solution (1 g per 1 liter).
Zamioculkas is a popular houseplant that can decorate any interior. Reproduction can be carried out in different ways, with each of them has its own characteristics. Despite its simplicity, the plant needs complete care, otherwise it will not be possible to get a real money tree from a sprout.