At the private farmstead, there are usually 5–15 chickens, for whose permanent residence an existing farm building is adapted or a new poultry house is being built. A variety of models allows you to choose an option that meets the needs of birds and the wishes of the owners.
Design chicken coops
Poultry houses are summer and winter. If you acquire young stock in spring in order to get tasty dietary meat until autumn, then there is no need to build a warmed poultry house with lighting and ventilation systems.
Lightweight construction will save the budget and will be acceptable for birds in the warm season. An old car, a disused wardrobe, a large barrel and other structures can become a summer hen house.
The winter chicken coop is a warmed construction for stationary living of chickens. Near the building equip net walking.
Among the various models there are also mobile chicken coops equipped with special wheels and handles for moving around the site.
A beautiful and functional chicken coop, like a fairytale hut, is made of natural wood materials - edged boards, timber - and covered with metal tiles. The tree is the most environmentally friendly material.
It retains heat well inside the building and protects chickens from adverse weather conditions. In order to limit the flow of cold air, two doors are provided in the hen house: a large one - for taking care of the house and collecting eggs, and a small one - for birds, leading to an enclosed open-air cage.
An old wardrobe can become a summer haven for 3-5 hens. Former shelves are converted into nests and perches, on the floor of a large compartment is a feeding trough and a trough.
To provide the model with natural light, the door is divided into 2 halves.
The upper, equipped with a grid, gives access to light and fresh air inside the building.
The disadvantage of the model is its fragility and the fact that it will not be able to place the ash bath for birds or the tank with chalk, small gravel.
A coop made from an old large-sized metal barrel or cistern will become the original summer dwelling for 5 hens.
To impart stillness, the barrel is deepened into the ground. Perches and nests are attached to one of the walls, the floor is made in the form of a wooden platform.
Feeders and drinkers are installed on the floor. The main entrance door to such a house has a small door for hens below. To access the light, you can cut a window in the barrel and tighten it with a grid.
The frame of the old car, covered with mesh, can be used as a walking yard for a small herd. On the floor of the structure are installed drinking bowl and feeder. In the back of the car can be placed nest.
Mobile summer construction in the form of a pyramid combines a chicken coop and walking. The upper part of the pyramid is equipped with a roost and 2 nests. The board floor is equipped with a ladder for descent into the fenced area of the range. To remove the eggs from the house, it is enough to lift the edge of the pyramid.
The assembly is made with self-tapping screws, so the structure, if necessary, is disassembled into separate panels and can be stored until it is demanded again.
Fairy-tale house is a stationary poultry house, equipped inside with everything necessary, including ventilation systems, lighting and heating. Exterior decor is small statuettes of hens or fairytale heroes and bright colors in the design.
The paddock for walking is made of mesh and decorative fencing, painted in white.
Summer mini-cottage is a block-type assembly. The frame of the summer model comes with hinged panels and handles. To remove the eggs, just open the desired panel next to the nests. Next to the coop is a small mesh walk-through yard, into which chickens go along a solid wooden staircase.
The gable roof reliably protects the paddock from the rain. Natural lighting is organized through the door to the walking area and small windows under the roof.
For individual breeds that prefer to nest in trees and fly well, you can install a summer chicken coop on a high post. Chickens can enter the hen house by the steps. Production material - plywood, grid and roofing material.
The mobile, portable cuboid-shaped summer house can become both a chicken coop and a high flowerbed. In such a two-zone cube, one part is a nest covered on the sides with wooden walls, and the second is a mesh courtyard.
The roof is decorated with a metal box-bed. Such a mobile functional building is an excellent courtyard decoration.
Wooden tower, like a fabulous house or hut, is made of timber and board, but is the summer version of the hen house. The tower is a two-level structure, with nests and perches on top and a walking range at the bottom of the house.
If you decide to expand the area of walking, then on its roof you can organize a flower bed-container. For ease of dredging and cleaning from litter, opening walls are provided in the tower. Because of the small internal space, feeders and drinkers are placed in the walking area.
Prefab summer cottage is set on a small flooring. At construction sandwich panels and a professional flooring are used. If the nest is placed at the bottom of the house, you get a summer house for ducks and other waterfowl.
Eggs can be removed by lifting the top cover of the nests, and for cleaning use a regular door.
Originally made natural lighting of the cottage. The upper windows give a bright general light, and the lower ones are covered with a canopy, which is good for layers, as they need muffled light.
Coop in the country with their own hands
When building a stationary chicken coop, you should consider:
- installation site
- living space per bird,
- materials from which construction will be executed,
- the need for building insulation,
- characteristics of the overlap of the chicken coop,
- the presence of natural and artificial lighting,
- equipment of ventilation and heating systems
- equipment by nests, perches, drinking bowls, feeding troughs, ash bath, etc.
The chicken coop can be brick, wooden, panel. For panel and wooden structures, a frame is first constructed of timber, which is then sheathed with panels of base material and insulation. The framework is installed on the foundation.
For brick constructions, the floor is installed on the foundation and is performed in the form of a sandwich made of subfloor, insulation and finished floor. To prevent contact with moisture, steam and waterproofing is used.
As a heater used claydite, mineral wool, foam, polystyrene foam. Polyethylene film or other types of waterproofing are used to protect against moisture.
For wooden construction, the floor is made using the same technology, but there should be free space between the floor and the foundation for air exchange.
The roof can be single or double, with or without attic. Usually the roof is a frame that is sheathed with wood panels, insulated and covered with slate, metal tile or corrugated flooring.
If you do not warm the roof, the coop will lose up to 30% of heat in winter.
What to put inside
Inside the hen house, roosts are necessarily equipped. The nest can be in the form of a small platform or perches. It is mounted at a height of at least 1.4 m above the floor. 1 bird needs at least 0.25 m perch. Additionally roost complete ladder for lifting birds.
Nests are set at the rate of 1 nest for 3-4 hens. You can build them from plastic or board boxes, pouring hay or straw inside.
Feeders for grain and wet feed are installed on the floor, as well as a water bowl. The feeder should be long and narrow so that the birds do not scatter the feed with their paws. The drinker can be made from any container like a large bowl.
Separately set the box with sand and ash. With it, chickens are protected from parasites - fleas and lice.
So, you can make a portable or stationary chicken coop out of any material - wood, brick, modern tile materials. The main thing here is the creation of a comfortable microclimate for birds, with a humidity not higher than 70% and a comfortable air temperature not lower than 14 ° C.
Well-fed hens in optimal conditions carry better and are less susceptible to disease.
Targets and goals
Before you build a chicken coop or plan the environment inside it, you need to consider:
- age and number of birds
- the season in which the house will be used,
- the need for regular disinfection and cleaning the hen house.
To maintain stable functioning and the veterinary-hygienic condition of the chicken coop, the poultry farmer must ensure:
- insulation, waterproofing and heating of the building, especially if the structure is designed for the winter period,
- the right materials that are easy to wash and dry.
Before setting up the coop and providing it with feeders, drinkers and perches, you should take care of the optimal microclimate.
Comfortable microclimate in the hen house
The productivity, growth and condition of the bird as a whole depends on many factors: lighting, temperature and air humidity. Even in summer one should maintain a healthy microclimate inside the hen house, provide protection from drafts and moisture. To do this, after assembling the structure and wall cladding, it is necessary to conduct heat and waterproofing of the walls, floor and roof.
Thanks to the materials at hand and small tricks, the arrangement of the house will cost much cheaper. For work, you can take an inexpensive sheet pinoplast, mineral wool and other materials.
If it is planned to keep the bird in the chicken coop only during the warm period, such a construction will prevent drafts and protect chickens from overheating. To build a winter coop in mid-latitude climates, one cannot do with thermal insulation; you also need to think about a heating system. Usually it is autonomous or connected to the home.
Often, poultry farmers use panels or infrared lamps for heating. They are effective, economical, easy to install, they are not irritating to birds and heat not the air itself, but only the area under the infrared radiation zone. Equipping the design with these devices, it is necessary to take into account that there must be a distance of at least 50 cm from them to the bird, and it is better to fence the lamps with protective grid covers.
Ventilation and lighting
Infrared lamps can be used for both heating and lighting. But even the dim light from them is not the best option for a bird at night. For a good rest chickens need to provide darkness.
To save electricity, you can make indoor windows. If you are planning an all-season design, you should take care of durable frames that do not allow cold air.
Good ventilation will prevent an unpleasant smell inside the chicken coop, normalizes the temperature and humidity, which can increase during the active life of the bird.
Nests and perches
An important place in the arrangement of the hen house is occupied by nests and roosts. Make them from plywood, boards and other materials. Experienced poultry farmers also often use other items. As such, there may be plastic containers, baskets or buckets that line the litter.
For roosting use bars or poles. The bars of rectangular or square section must be processed - to round the corners, and to polish the surface with emery paper.
Roosts in the first row should be at a height of about 50 cm, on the second and subsequent ones - at a distance of 35 cm from the previous ones. It is important to design the rows so that the birds do not sit above each other. The optimal distance from the wall to the roosts is at least 25 cm.
Arrangement of paddock
For walking chickens together with a chicken coop it is necessary to provide an equipped area. If it is planned to grow poultry in the summer, it should be arranged in such a way that it does not go out on the hot side, but at the same time is not constantly in the shade. You also need to take care of cleanliness and make sure that plants that are dangerous for chickens do not grow on the territory of the pen. And of course, eliminate unpleasant surprises for the bird in the form of unwanted guests.
The corral is constructed from a metal fine-meshed mesh, which, in a tensioned position, is attached to poles located at the corners of the square. The height of the fence is usually at least 2 meters. The grid cell size should be small enough so that the bird does not get stuck in it.
Internal arrangement of the chicken coop: useful tips
Experienced poultry farmers always know a few tricks on the arrangement of practical and convenient chicken coops:
- It is important to track the length of daylight in the chicken house. Excessive light adversely affects the behavior of birds: they show aggression, spoil the eggs in the nests and peck smaller relatives,
- nests on the same level with sex are not the best option, as more cunning individuals will surely adjust them to sleep,
- for greater egg production, it is enough to arrange the nests in the shaded area,
- perches to properly position the ledges on the wall on the opposite side of the nests,
- to make it easy for chickens to climb onto the top of nests and perches, stairs and inclined ladders are set for them,
- feeders and drinkers should be arranged above the floor level so that the birds are comfortable using them, but at the same time they could not get into the water or feed,
- it is best to place the drinkers and feeders closer to the wall between the perches and the nests. They must be in sight of all the inhabitants of the coop.
More interesting examples of chicken coop designs are presented in the following photos.
Special house for chickens
A chicken coop is a house for chickens, the place where they spend most of their lives. Here is their rest, sleep, here they are hiding from rain and snow, as well as rushing. Because of this, the coop should be made suitable for living, comfortable and proper. Among the materials used for construction, the most frequently used boards and beams.
It is best to build such houses for 10-15 hens, which will be able to provide you with a year-round supply of eggs and meat, as well as droppings, which will be the perfect fertilizer for your garden or vegetable garden. Smaller buildings are easier to heat, clean and keep an eye on chickens.
People who own country farms can build a wide variety of house variations for chickens and use any design. You can build an ordinary shed, where your birds will be fully accommodated, or you can create a real masterpiece of design ideas, using modern ideas, apply new materials and create a real “hotel for chickens”. Chickens, of course, do not care about the beauty of their home, but you will be delighted with how it fits into your landscape.
If you need a seasonal chicken coop, designed only for the summer warm months, then you just might want a simple simple chicken house without insulation material inside. Be sure to put a number of nets for walking birds. An interesting solution in terms of ease of movement will be a mobile chicken coop, which stands on wheels and can be easily moved and cleaned when summer is nearing its end. Large multi-tiered chicken coops resemble aristocratic castles.
Well, if you are going to maintain a chicken coop throughout the year and receive eggs and meat even during the harsh winter months, then you need to take care of the arrangement of such bird housing in advance. A competent bird breeder will foresee all the little things: warming, light supply, ventilation. Such a chicken coop is a fairly simple building with adjacent areas for walking chickens.
We build with our own hands
House for chickens, as mentioned earlier, it is best to build on 10, maximum 15 hens. The standards of such a dwelling are approximately 100x200x150 cm. This space is quite enough for the chickens to feel comfortable and able to carry. Such structures are easier to heat and contain. If you want to expand the house, for example, for 20 chickens, then it should be noted that you need to stock up on one square meter of territory for one chicken. The height should be greater than your height so that you can easily enter and exit when cleaning.
First of all, before construction work you need to choose the right place for the future chicken house. Chickens are very fond of warm places. That is why your choice should fall into a place where no drafts blow, and this applies both to the territory for the house itself and to the place for walking. This place should be well lit and on a flat surface. Если делать его на горе, то кур ждёт постоянный ветер, если на низинных территориях – то влага. Нужно подобрать такое место, где после дождей вода смогла бы быстро уходить.
Вход в курятник наиболее предпочтительно делать с южной стороны, ведь, как известно, курицы – птицы, живущие согласно солнцу, а утренние лучи будут прогревать почву и дом даже в зимние суровые месяца.
Основание и пол
When you have decided on a place, it’s time to start building the future chicken coop. You ask yourself, where should I start? Of course, we must start with the foundation, the foundation of the chicken house. By experience, many breeders set the foundation right on the raw bare ground. This is absolutely unacceptable. The earth perfectly passes moisture and dampness, and also - harmful insects.
The construction of the base should take place in the following steps:
- Immediately before starting work, it is necessary to remove the top layer of the earth, about 35-40 cm,
- In the designated area scatter sand and gravel mixture, whose height is about 10-12 cm,
- The next step is to make a formwork, consisting of boards, whose height is 25-30 cm,
- Add the rods, from which we make a grid-frame. Fill all with concrete. It turns out the site for the future coop. Next, we expect about three weeks until the concrete completely hardens,
- Already on the hardened concrete we will lay wooden floors.
If you nevertheless decided to make a chicken coop without a concrete base, and the structure itself will be held on columns, then you must make a fence of iron sheets around the perimeter. This will protect your chickens from harmful rodents.
Now go to the floor. It is best made from strong, wooden and dry materials. You can make and cement floor. Be sure to put a litter of straw, sawdust or sand on the floor. In winter, the layer of bedding should be at least 20 cm, which will provide the hens with an additional layer of insulation.
The walls are the main element in the hen house; if they fall, the whole house will fall. They must be strong, withstand strong gusts of wind, rain and hail. The best material for them is brick, stone or cinder block. However, all the proposed materials are too cold, if it rains - they immediately become damp, they absolutely do not keep the heat inside.
Therefore, it is better to build walls of wooden rocks, for example, logs will fit perfectly. They are durable, reliable and most importantly retain and give off heat. Such a house will be the perfect option for you: it will warm you in the winter, and in the summer it will be cool and good.
When building walls, the first step is to make a solid frame of bars. Then we sheathe it with boards or plywood, between which we must put insulation in the form of sawdust or straw. In the walls you should definitely make a couple of windows, preferably on the south side, so that warm light or cool air can freely enter. The outer part of the window should be covered with a net of mosquitoes and other parasites. Let's talk about ventilation a little lower.
Roof and ceiling
The roof is also very important, because all the heat accumulated during the day rises. A good roof will protect the coop from leaking, keep warm throughout the night.
The roof in the chicken coop should be two-stage. According to experts, such a roof to a maximum removes moisture, it does not linger long snow cover. We will use, as a roofing, tile, reed or unnecessary slate. For the ceiling plating, chipboard plates are best suited, and you can insulate with straw or cotton. And on this your roof is ready.
The final element in the design of a new chicken coop should be proper ventilation of the room. The presence of windows is a mandatory element of such buildings that perform the function of ventilation and natural lighting. In a fractional ratio, the area of windows should be no less than 1/12 of the floor area.
To achieve good air exchange means to make the house for chickens clean, and the productivity of birds will only grow. Mandatory in the new house will be the element of the ventilation window or pipe that goes to the roof. It is desirable to make one pipe over the perch as a hood, and the other farther from the perch, and it will provide fresh air.
On the western side we are doing the door, and next to it we are making a convenient hole for the hens, which opens into the aviary.
Internal arrangement necessarily includes the roost. The hen lives almost half of his life in it. An excellent material for perches will be long wooden beams, whose diameter will be 5-7 cm.
For convenience and so that the chicken could not inflict injuries to itself, be sure to round out each edge. Install them at a height of about half a meter from the floor. It is not recommended to make flooring in the form of floors, and each hen should be allocated at least 25 cm.
Nests are usually made from boxes or baskets. The material here does not play a special role. Nests of the following size are suitable for any chicken: the depth is 40 cm, the width is equal to the height of 30 cm.
To ensure greater comfort at the bottom of the litter litter in the form of sawdust or straw. For your laying hen is the perfect place, and it will be carried with great pleasure.
I would also like to say that at the present time it is possible to build the most incredible chicken coops in construction and materials, their design can be very diverse. It all depends on your tastes, preferences and how much you are willing to invest in this business.
The proposed method is one of the most simple and convenient. On the Internet you can find a lot of proposals and projects for the construction of chicken coops. Remember that your chickens should be warm, comfortable and clean. Then you can get the maximum benefit, and the hens make a good home.