Ludysia belongs to the few representatives of orchids who prefer shadow to light. For its cultivation suitable diffused light. It is better to close the plant from contact with burning sunlight, otherwise the leaves will get serious burns. Bright light is allowed only in the morning and evening hours. Duration of daylight should be at least 12-14 hours, so it is important to resort to the use of additional artificial lighting. An excess of lighting is reflected in Ludizia - the orchid loses its decorative effect, and the leaves go down, with a lack of lighting, the leaves are drawn out.
Ludysia can be grown without problems in dry air, but still the flower will grow better with regular spraying of leaves with water. To do this, use soft settled water at about room temperature or slightly higher. Hard water will leave stains on the precious leaves.
In the spring and summer, when Ludysia is actively growing and developing, it is important to arrange for it a kind of tropical rain - the leaves are washed under warm shower splashes. Then the leaves are wiped with a soft cloth or napkin and only after that they put the plant pot in its place in the room.
When watering ludizii need to proceed from the ambient temperature in the room. The higher the temperature, the more frequently and more abundant the watering should be, and vice versa. However, it is important not to allow stagnation of water in the pot or pan, a constant moisture condition of the soil can lead to rotting of the roots. But the substrate should not dry out, as it can damage the orchid leaves.
The optimal composition of the soil for growing ludizii can be made from the following components: leaf earth, chopped fern roots, peat, charcoal and small pieces of pine bark. At the bottom should be the largest pieces of the substrate, and closer to the surface - smaller ones. Due to this moisture will not linger in the pot. The top of the substrate must be closed with sphagnum so that it does not dry out too quickly.
Fertilizers and fertilizers
Ludize is added only during the period of active growth and flowering - from spring to autumn. To do this, use universal fertilizer for orchids. With every third watering, use top dressing diluted in water in 1/3 of the recommended concentration according to the instructions.
Frequent transplant ludizii not needed. It is placed in a new pot only after the plant grows too much and the old pot becomes too cramped. A new pot should be wide and shallow, and the most suitable time for transplanting is spring.
Ludysia can be propagated either by dividing an adult overgrown shrub or by apical cuttings or stem segments. When dividing the bush on each plant should be at least 2-3 shoots.
When breeding apical cuttings on each shoot should be 2-3 nodes. The cut should be sprinkled with charcoal and slightly dried. Rooted young shoots in sphagnum, deepening the base of the sheet. You can root in the water, adding activated carbon.
Types of Ludizia
The most popular type of ludysia is multi-colored ludizia. It also refers to a precious orchid species that has creeping stems. Each stem ends with a bundle of leaves of 3-5 pieces. Each sheet has streaks of a different color. The peduncle is about 20 cm long. The flowers are white with a yellow tinge, inconspicuous.
In natural conditions, there are a huge number of varieties of ludizii:
- Multicolored Ludizia alba - has beautiful leaves with silver or gold streaks.
- Multicolored ludysia condorensis - has leaves of rather large size and tall flower stalks.
- Multicolored ludiziya dawsoniana - has leaves of impressive size of dark green color, closer to the black shade with streaks of scarlet.
Types and varieties
There is only one type of orchid. Ludysia two-tonebut there are various forms of it.
- «Dawsoniana"- the largest, reaches a height of 30 cm. It has red-brown leaves with light pink veins.
- «Odina"- characterized by dark green foliage with white streaks.
- «Velvet"- this variety got its name due to its velvet texture.
- «Alba"- has a bright green color of leaves and a lot of clear white veins.
- «Otletae"- has a narrower lanceolate dark green, almost black leaves with characteristic reddish streaks.
Ludysia home care
This orchid is unusual by the fact that it is cold-loving, therefore, it prefers to be in partial shade. But this does not mean that Ludisia should be protected from sunlight completely, it just needs moderate diffused lighting.
So with a lack of light, the stems will begin to stretch strongly upward, with an excess - the leaves will fall, but direct sunlight can cause a burn.
Temperature is also required certain. First, locating the plant near heating devices is strictly prohibited. In summer, the temperature in the room must be maintained within 25-20 ° C. In winter - a little lower.
The main secret of abundant flowering is to ensure the difference between day and night temperatures, approximately in the range of 5-10 ° C (for example, during the day + 25 ° C, and in the evening + 20 ° C).
When watering it is necessary to use only soft water, slightly warmer than room temperature, options for using distilled, boiled, rain or thawed water are possible.
Watering is best done in the morning, ideally in the morning, as the plant actively absorbs moisture in the daytime, and if it is watered in the evening, the absorption process slows down and, as a consequence, waterlogging and hypothermia.
In the process of watering, it is necessary to ensure that the water does not fall into the leaf axils, as this is considered to be a hard-to-reach place where stagnation of water can lead to rotting of the stem. It is best to use the method of dipping the pot in a bowl of water.
In this case, after immersion, the water level should be at the level of the upper rim of the pot. 15-20 minutes is enough for the flower to absorb as much moisture as it needs. This watering is carried out once a week.
It is held mainly once a year (or once in two years) in the spring period. For ease of placement and growth, ludysia requires a wide and low pot with holes.
The need for transplantation occurs only when it becomes cramped (the roots begin to crawl out of the pot).
Soil for ludizii
Given the natural habitat of the orchid, when choosing a soil, it is necessary to consider that the presence of moss in the substrate is mandatory. Pre moss soaked for two hours in ordinary water, in order to get rid of insects.
The composition for the substrate is selected in the following proportions: red peat, humus, moss, pine green needles, birch angle and foam (1: 1: 1: 1: 1/4: 1/4).
But there is a simpler composition of the substrate, it consists of only one sphagnum (swamp moss). Some time after transplantation (or planting), sudden changes in temperature can interfere with rooting.
Fertilizer for ludizii
Fertilizers are made only when the flower has an active phase of growth and flowering. A special fertilizer complex for orchids will be suitable as a top dressing, it can be purchased at any flower shop.
Fertilizers are applied with irrigation, but not as often (1-2 times per month). The concentration indicated on the package must be two or three times to dilute with water.
Ludysia breeding cuttings
One of the methods of propagation of this genus of orchids is considered to be grafting, it can be performed at any time of the year. But it is more likely that rooting will occur between spring and late summer.
The cuttings are considered the upper parts of the stem, where they leave two or three points of growth (node) and cut off. The cut must be treated with charcoal. The cutting is placed on wet moss, and the leaves are placed on the surface.
You can also use water with charcoal. After rooting, in order for the plant to grow strong and healthy, it is necessary to cut off the flower stalks, as they pull a lot of strength.
Basic Orchid Information
Distant and beautiful homeland of this precious plant is East Asia as well as Sumatra. The bush itself reaches a height of only 15 cm, the stems are well adapted to grasp and hold on to various projections. They are fleshy in structure, have many leaves.
The leaves of this precious orchid are soft and velvety, the shape of the leaf is an oblong oval. The color of the leaf can be varied, from purple to rich green, the veins are just as pronounced. It is worth noting that the color of the leaves depends on the variety of orchids ludizii. When autumn comes to an end, the orchid ludisia begins to bloom, the flower stalks are completely different from the classical orchid, the flower is very small, its color can be whitish or whitish-yellow. Ludizia blooms for a short time - only a month.
In the wild, you can find only one type of this beautiful flower from the set - ludysia discolor, also called ludysia multicolor. The appearance of the plant - creeping stems, with leaves of dark green color. The bush has several leaves with streaks of silver color. Peduncle grows to 15 - 20 cm, a couple dozen of small flowers appear and unfold on it, their color is pale white. In order to make this variety more diverse, specialists have developed several interesting varieties of precious orchids.
- Ludysia Dawson has larger sheets, streaks are pale pink, the maximum height of the peduncle reaches 30 cm.
- Ludiziya Odin, as well as Ludizia discolor, has silvery streaks on sheets, but the key difference of this type is the arrangement of these streaks, the central stripes are arranged by pair strokes.
- Ludizia Alba - differs from her relatives by a lighter colored leaf, and she also lacks the standard maroon ebb. The leaf is dotted with white stripes that run along the longitudinal plane of the entire leaf.
- Ludisia Otletae, this orchid with very dark, saturated leaves, longitudinal strokes have a red - orange color.
- Tanlaniana - this variety of precious orchid has wider leaves with a grid of patterns of a lighter color.
- Velvet ludiziya - differs bright green leaves with a velvety coating, longitudinal strokes have a bright red color and form an interesting, intricate pattern.
Thanks to the hard work of botanists, every orchid lover can pick up exactly the one that most pleases him. It is worth noting that scientific experiments on the breeding of new varieties of this orchid continue to this day.
Ludizia - home care
Compared to other representatives of the orchid family, this less picky and demandingHowever, you should not relax, there are several special rules for the care of ludize at home. And with their observance, your flower will delight those around you for a very, very long period.
Light and temperature mode
Ludysia does not tolerate open sunlight, it is contraindicated to her! Owners of ludizii should learn the rule that the excessive light of the sun will reduce the decorativeness of the sheets, the orchid will gradually lose its uniqueness. It is for this reason that orchid pudding best feels on the northern or western windows in the apartment.
But you should not limit light intake at all, this flower feels the change of seasons very much and in overcast time, namely in autumn and winter it is worth increasing the percentage of lighting, this can be achieved with fitolamps. The ideal period of coverage will be 14 hours from the whole day, this will allow Ludize the best care!
How to water
Please note that this flower should not in any way suffer from insufficient soil moisture and air; the root system for a plant to feel good should be in a moist soil, based on this, watering should be regular and fairly abundant. Care at home behind this flower involves watering with soft, filtered water. Ideally, the water temperature should not be lower than the average room temperature.
Dry air will cause irreparable harm to ludize! Humidity should be at least 70%, it is not necessary to spray it, it can make the appearance of the sheet unattractive. To ensure the required level of moisture, the flower is recommended to be placed in close proximity to open sources of moisture, for example, near a home fountain or with an aquarium.
It is important to know that the water remaining after watering must be cleaned, a lot of water is harmful.
Experts recommend the following irrigation option - put a pot of orchids in a prepared container with clean water for a few minutes, then remove the pot and clean it of any remaining water.
In the cold season, you should not place this orchid next to working batteries and heaters!
How to feed an orchid
It is necessary to add various top dressings and fertilizers to the active phases of growth of an orchid, namely In spring and summer. Stick to the next plan - every 3 watering feed your plant. Fertilizer has a special name - for orchids, it can easily be found in any household store. Top dressing can be both root and foliar. Extra root differs in less concentrated structure which should be diluted before watering.
Please note that most of the dressings contain potassium, phosphorus, these substances can accumulate and settle in the pot, so periodically it is washed under running water for 5 minutes.
For planting orchids Experts recommend to stay on light, well-transmissive and air-saturated soils. A prerequisite is the deoxidation of substrates using ash or lime, this rule is due to the fact that Ludisia does not like acid.
The periods between transplants are 2 years, the main guideline by which it is possible to determine whether it is time to make a transplant - the number of roots in a pot, if the flowers become cramped, then it starts to get out of the pot.
Mixes for orchids consist from peat, pine bark pieces, humus, moss, pine needles, charcoal and pieces of small foam can also be present in mixtures.
The best option for planting will be a wide and low pot. A drainage layer is placed at the bottom, the size of which should be at least 3 cm, but if you have a high pot, then the drainage layer should fill about half of the total volume.
When transplanting our flower, the soil in the new pot is moistened and the surface is covered with a small layer of moss, this is necessary in order to maintain the required level of soil moisture.
How ludysia breeds
Multiply ludysia can be a vegetative variant:
- Propagation by cuttings - in order for the orchid to take root precisely, you need to choose a cutting with three knots, the harvesting goes through the process of cutting, then it is sprinkled with charcoal from wood. This is followed by the stage of placing this cutting in wet moss, but if you don’t have it, you can place the cutting in a glass of water, while adding activated carbon in advance. Over time, the roots will begin to appear in the stalk and it is during this period that you need to plant it in a separate pot.
- Reproduction apical stem segments. In this type of breeding, the upper part of the stems with several nodes is cut and placed in water, before the appearance of the roots.
- The division of the bush, for the transplantation and reproduction of the bush is divided into several parts, pay attention, with this method you need to be very careful about the root system, it is easy to hurt and then all the work will go down the drain. The main condition for such a division is the presence of at least 3 stems on each separated part.
Experts recommend that in order to grow roots faster and strengthen, put the orchid in a small greenhouse.
Description of ludizii - precious orchids
Orchid ludiziya discolor at home photo
The rhizome is short, but well-branched, copes with obtaining nutrients and fixing the plant, both on horizontal and vertical surfaces. Powerful winding stem with rosettes of sessile leaves represent the upper part of the plant. Ludysia can grow as much as 15 cm, but it actively produces lateral processes, spreading in width.
- The leaves are alternate, vaginal, oval or egg-shaped with a pointed tip. One outlet is about five leaves.
- The sheet reaches a maximum of 7 cm in length, 4 cm in width. A beautiful pattern is always spread on the surface of the sheet, the sheet plate is smooth or can be covered with a short nap, the sheet is painted in a bright green color.
- The reverse side of the sheet is always smooth, has a darker shade. The leaf can live as long as 7 years, and fading leaves a mark in the form of a ring on the stem.
Flowers ludiziyah quite elegant, but do not cause much enthusiasm. Каждая листовая розетка выпускает прямому цветоносу длиной около 25 см. Он покрывается несколькими белесыми цветами с диаметром бутонов до 2 см. Лепестки округлые, белого цвета, в середине располагаются ярко-желтые тычинки.Ludysia is called precious due to flowers resembling pearl threads and leaves covered with silver patterns. Flowering occurs from November to January, can last about 5 weeks.
In the care of such a beautiful plant will require some effort and reverent treatment. Adult orchids are planted in small transparent pots with large drainage holes. Be sure to place vermiculite or brick chips on the bottom and fill in the desired soil from above. What soil to plant? This may be a ready-made soil for orchids purchased at a flower shop.
A mixture prepared for ludisia on its own should contain:
- 4 pieces of crushed pine bark with added needles
- 4 pieces of sphagnum moss
- 1 part of charcoal, peat and leaf land.
For those who do not want to cook the land on their own, it is recommended to purchase ordinary soil for orchids and plant a plant in it.
The root is placed in the upper layers of the soil, growth buds do not need to be buried. No need for frequent repotting. This has to be done as the roots grow, about once every 3-4 years.
The temperature should be moderately warm. 20-23 ° C will be sufficient, and a cool night air of about 17-19 ° C will benefit, stimulate an abundance of flowering.
To create such conditions, it will be most convenient to place the pot on the balcony and terrace for the period May-September. Keep the flower from drafts.
Watering and humidity
Watering should be regular all year. It should always keep the soil moist, but without stagnant water. Remove excess liquid from the pan 30 minutes after watering.
Moist air required. Use these methods of moistening: you can put the plant near the fountain, aquarium, periodically placed in a pan with wet vermiculite and pebbles, use a humidifier.
Do not spray the precious orchid, so that there are no stains from the water.
Evergreen perennial plant. It belongs to the Orchid family. The distribution area is wide - it grows in China, Thailand and a number of other countries with a similar climate. Ludizia - “precious orchid”. So it is often called in the people. During flowering, unusual foliage looks strewn with beads.
It grows on the ground, the bush is not higher than 15 cm. On the creeping, creeping stems there are 5 tender, pleasant to the touch leaves. Coloring - olive or purple, with modulations. Veins stand out clearly against the main background. The length of the peduncle is on average 30 cm. The flowers are yellowish-white, inconspicuous, small. On each peduncle 20-30 pieces are collected.
Natural and artificially bred varieties
The only species that grows in the wild - ludiziya discolor. In the scientific literature there are names - multicolor, colorless. The stem of a plant with bends, creeping. At the end there is a rosette of dark colored leaves. On each stalk flaunts from 3 to 6 leaves with pronounced veins of silver color. Peduncle erect up to 20 cm with inflorescence of small white flowers.
Additionally, breeders developed new varieties with a high decorative effect:
- Ludysia Dawson. Plant up to 30 cm. The leaves are large, decorated with thin stripes of pink.
- Ludizia Odin. The foliage is covered with a mesh of beautiful silvery veins. A characteristic feature is symmetrical transverse strokes along the central band.
- Ludizia Alba. Differs in light tone of leaves. The reddish tint is absent. The surface of the leaves is covered with a pattern of longitudinal white stripes.
- Ludiziya Velvet. Leaves velvety, intense green. The stripes are reddish.
- Ludizia Tanlaniana. The leaves are wider compared to other varieties. In the center of the sheet is a pattern of openwork light grid.
The work of breeders does not stop. Periodically continue to appear new varieties with original leaf colors.
Important! After buying an orchid quickly adapts to new conditions of detention. For a week, the flower is placed in quarantine - set apart from the rest of the indoor plants. During this time, it will become clear whether the plant is infected with insects or fungus. As a preventive measure, it does not hurt to spray a weak solution of the fungicide and insecticide. A week later, transplanted into a shallow, wide pot with a primer for orchids, put in a permanent place.
Features of growing
Care, preferences for the microclimate of the premises are different from other representatives of orchids. To maintain a high decorative flower is recommended to follow the rules.
- The choice of location and lighting. In contrast, other orchids prefer shaded areas. The optimal solution is diffused light. Direct sun can not stand - on the soft leaves quickly burns. Light day is long - at least 12-14 hours. The lack of light is compensated by the installation of fitolamps. The lack of light affects the decorative leaves - they stretch out, lose their characteristic color.
- Temperature. The optimal difference between day and night temperatures is 3-5 ° C. In the afternoon 20-22 ° C, at night - 18 ° C.
- Watering. The frequency and abundance of irrigation depend on the temperature in the room. The warmer - the more moisture the plant consumes. Stagnation of water at the bottom of the pot and the pan does not allow, maintain moderate humidity. An acute lack of moisture leads to a loss of decorative qualities.
- Humidity. The humidity level is neutral. It can grow in dry air, but will gradually lose its decorative effect. Ludysia is recommended to regularly spray soft, warm, well settled water. From hard water stains remain. Use the spray with the smallest atomization.
- The soil. Soil for ludizii use loose. It is easier to buy ready-made mixture for orchids than to cook it yourself. The composition of the substrate includes peat, crushed fern rhizomes, pieces of charcoal, pine bark, leaf earth. When filling the pot, the largest parts are laid on the bottom, a smaller substrate is poured on top.
- Feeding. Feed regularly with the exception of the winter period. Top dressing is carried out every third watering. The concentration of the drug is reduced three times the recommended dosage. Use special complex fertilizer for orchids.
- Transfer. Before you transplant ludiziya, you need to make sure that the flower was cramped in the old pot. She does not like frequent transplants, she is recovering for a long time after them. The pot is not deep, wide. The optimal period is spring.
Tip! It is recommended to water the orchid by immersing the pot in water. In the water the pot is kept for up to 5 minutes. During this time, the soil should be completely saturated with moisture. After watering, put the pot on the grate for draining excess water. Water is poured from the sump immediately after watering - stagnation of the liquid leads to rotting of the roots.
Reproduction orchids ludiziya - vegetative. Most often propagated by cuttings. Cutting cuttings is allowed at any time of the year, but the best results are achieved with spring rooting. As cuttings, stem pieces with 2-3 internodes are used. Cut the cuttings with a sharp knife or blade. The tool is pre-disinfected, sections are immediately priprashivat coal powder.
The composition of the substrate for rooting - a mixture of crushed bark (pine) and sphagnum. In the landing capacity of the cuttings are placed horizontally, slightly pressed into the substrate. Dusted with earth is not recommended. Rooted under the shelter, without bottom heating greenhouse. After 2-4 weeks, young roots form along the edges of the cutting.
With the advent of the first leaves the film is removed. Plants are regularly sprayed to increase moisture levels. Peduncles from young plants are immediately removed.
From personal experience! The flower can be propagated by dividing the bush. Suitable adults, well grown plants. The bush is divided into 2-3 parts, leaving 2-3 processes on each.
Flower ludiziya: how to care for a precious orchidLudysia is a herbaceous plant of the orchid family. The only polymorphic species of the Ludicia genus is two-color Ludysia. Under natural conditions, it grows in tropical rain forests of Southeast Asia. The plant reaches a height of not more than 15 cm has fleshy creeping stems, on which are velvety leaves, collected in rosettes. The aesthetic value of this kind is in the decorative coloring of foliage, therefore it belongs to the group of precious orchids.
The color of the leaf blade can be different: from burgundy to emerald green and black, with strokes or stripes that are poured in silver. The surface is velvety, and the size is approximately 7 x 4 cm. The lower part of the sheet plate is smooth brown. Each leaf of Ludizia can delight with its beauty for seven years, after which it dies off and leaves a mark on the stem of a precious orchid.
The plant belongs to the flowering. The flowers are small, 2 cm in diameter, white with a yellow center, but they cannot boast a special attraction. They are placed alternately on a long peduncle (up to 25 cm), which grows from the top of the stem, and form a not dense racemose inflorescence. For Ludizia, the flowering period begins at the beginning of winter and lasts for more than a month.
There are such forms of orchid ludizii:
- Dawsoniana - a plant of a large form. It reaches heights of up to 30 cm and has red-brown color leafy plates with pinkish streaks.
- Odina - the plant has a dark green color closer to the black leaf blade with silver longitudinal and lateral veins.
- Velvet - striped orchid has a velvety surface of the leaf blade with a contrasting pattern.
- Alba - the plant does not contain a red pigment and has a bright green leaf color with light long and short veins in large quantities.
- Otletae - the plant has narrow leaf blades of black-green color with red longitudinal veins.
- Rubrovenia - Ludisia discolor with elliptical shape of a bronze-colored leaf plate with copper streaks.
- Trilineata- a larger variety of ludisia discolor.
Feedings, diseases and pests
If the transplant is regular, fertilizing the plant is not needed, it will receive all the necessary substances from the nutrient soil. Only at the flowering stage, it is recommended to bring in half a complex of orchid minerals twice a month.
Proper care will prevent the occurrence of disease. Juicy foliage attracts parasites - flaky insects, aphids, whiteflies, mealybugs. Treatment with insecticides will help to save the precious beauty immediately when the first signs of an invasion appear.
How to trim a ludizia precious orchid
Over time, the shoots of a precious orchid are drawn out, losing attractiveness and looking bare at the bottom. To return to the bush compact lush look, shoots are radically cut almost at the root, leaving 4-5 cm of hemp. Soon the plant will release new shoots with thick leaves, the crown will get an elegant look.
Transplanting and dividing a ludizia bush at home
How to split a bush of a precious orchid photo
It is necessary to replant precious orchid once in 2-3 years. During this time, the bush grows well and requires division. Such a procedure rejuvenates the plant and gives additional seedlings that will decorate the apartment.
To divide the bush, it is watered and allowed to dampen the ground. Then they carefully remove the pot from the earthen coma and try to separate the shoots with roots into pieces without damaging the small roots. The resulting delenki planted in a pot with a prepared primer and arranged at the bottom of the drainage.
How to transplant ludysia photo
The root system of the plant is underdeveloped, superficial, with powerful central roots. Trying to lay out the shoots as they grew before transplanting.
When does ludisia bloom?
How does ludysia bloom photo
The period of blooming precious orchids - the end of autumn - the beginning of winter. At the time when all the plants are sent to rest, the beauty presents the extraordinary beauty of its flowering, which you can admire for about a month.
At this time, you need to be especially careful so that the water does not get on the flower stalks, and make sure that the soil is damp but not too wet.
How to make ludysia blossom
In order for the precious orchid to blossom, you need to prepare it in the summer for laying the flower buds. Be sure to monitor the temperature of the air, not allowing increases above 29 ° C and decreases below 20 ° C - this is the day. At night, lower the temperature by 3-5 ° C compared to the daytime. Such drops cause the plant to plant flower buds.
When the precious orchid blooms, keep it cool around 18 ° C to prolong the flowering as long as possible.
Why do orchids redden leaves?
Orchid ludiziya redden leaves photo
If the lower leaves of the precious orchid are red and then dead, then you are watering it too generously. Need to reduce watering. Do not worry, after a while in the place of the fallen off sheet a new one will appear.
Sometimes the effect of redness of the leaves is observed in old bushes, which means that it is time to transplant and rejuvenate them.
Ludysia discolor Ludisia discolor
Nature created only ludiziya discolor (multicolor or it is colorless). The plant has a sinuous creeping stem. The rosette consists of leaves of dark green color, covered with silvery longitudinal veins. At the same time growing on an orchid 3-6 leaves. Erect peduncle 10–20 cm long, covered with a dozen small white flowers. The lower petals have a slightly sloping lip, a long yellow anther protrudes over it.
For variety, breeders bred several ornamental varieties:
Ludizia Dawson Ludisia discolor var. dawsoniana
Ludizia Dawson Ludisia discolor var. dawsoniana photo
The plant, reaching a height of 30 cm, has larger leaves, decorated with thin stripes of pinkish hue. The velvety surface of the leaves fascinates the look with a wealth of colors.
Ludiziya Odin - longitudinal silvery veins create a pattern, there are paired transverse strokes running along the entire length of the central band.
How to place ludisia in the room, the choice of lighting
The plant is characterized as shade-loving, so bright sunlight will interfere with normal development. Northern and western windows will create the necessary shading for normal growth. The orchid also feels well under artificial light, but the length of daylight should not be less than 12-14 hours. Under low light conditions, the stems will be thin.
Temperature and humidityLudysia refers to plants that prefer moderately cool temperatures - 20-22 degrees. Before flowering in September-October should be a cold period, which contributes to this process. If before the heating season there is a significant decrease in temperature, then these few weeks of coolness are quite enough for the orchid to successfully prepare for flowering.
The plant grows well with high humidity - about 70%, but to achieve this by spraying the foliage is not necessary. Water droplets leave stains on the velvety surface of the leaf plates. Therefore it is necessary to create the necessary moisture in other ways. Near the orchid place a water source or a pot with a plant put on wet clay. In winter, the plant must be taken from the central heating radiators, otherwise the tips of the leaf plates may dry out and the orchid will lose its attractive appearance.
Top dressing orchids
For dressing orchids with striped leaves using complex fertilizer for orchids. It should be remembered that the plant needs feeding in the period of active growth and flowering. The frequency of feeding and preparation of the solution of the desired concentration is indicated on the packaging of the fertilizer used. This usually happens with every third watering.
Do not produce plant nutrition all year round. After flowering, ludysia enters a period of rest. The orchid must rest. Fertilization during this period can stimulate the plant to grow, and it can die.
Features transplant ludizii
Ludysia needs to be transplanted once every 2-3 years. This is done in the spring. You must purchase a substrate for orchids or prepare it yourself. Before transplanting orchid pudding, it is necessary to prepare the substrate and container. The plant is better suited low, but wide pots. Fern roots and peat pieces 4 parts, leaf ground 4 parts, sphagnum moss 4 parts, birch charcoal 1 part, small pieces of pine bark or pine needles 4 parts, foam plastic 1 part are used as soil mixture. Plants are carefully removed from the pot, remove a portion of the old substrate and place it in a new one, sprinkling fine ingredients on top. After transplantation, the flower needs careful care for some time.
Diseases, pests and possible difficulties in growing
A multi-colored orchid can get sick as a result of improper care. Constant overmoistening of the soil leads to the development of rot, and bright sunlight leads to burns of the plant. Among the pests, ludisia affects the spider mite, mealybug, scalefish, whitefly.Spider mite sucks the sap of the plant and is completely invisible due to its microscopic size. You can recognize it because of the thin cobweb that covers the plant.
Shchitovka - sucking pest that secretes sticky secretion on the leaves of the plant. Recognize the pest by brown shells glued to the leaf blade.
Mealybug manifests itself in the form of white lumps, similar to cotton, on the leaves of the plant.
Борьбу с вредителями проводят с помощью инсектицидов и акарицидов. How to save pudding at defeat? First, outline the symptoms and correctly determine the cause of the disease. Secondly, separate the diseased plant into quarantine. Third, treat with an integrated approach. To do this, apply not only chemical treatments, but also adjust the conditions of detention, which may have led to orchid disease.
Rememberse: it is always easier to carry out preventive measures than to fight the disease. Do not wait for most of the plant to be amazed. Already at the first signs, it is necessary to begin the struggle. Then the victory will be quick, and the fear of losing the plant will be reduced to zero.