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How to deal with diseases and pests aronii (mountain ash), black fruit

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Larvae of cherry mucous sawfly and aphid cause the greatest harm of black chokeberry.

The larvae overwinter in the soil, pupate in the spring. In June-July, adult sawflies appear. Females lay eggs under the skin of the leaves, placing them one by one. After 1-2 weeks, the larvae hatch, which, firmly holding on the leaves, first gnaw the flesh from the upper side, and then skeletonize them, leaving only the veins. After feeding, the larvae go into the soil for pupation. Develops 1-2 generations.

How to prevent

Loosening and digging the soil, spraying against the larvae with infusions of tobacco, wormwood, soda ash solution (70 g per 10 l of water), use of karbofos 10% solution (75 g per 10 l of water).

It damages the swelling buds, leaves and shoots, sucking their juices.

Damaged leaves curl, shoots are stunted. During the growing season gives several generations of plants. The eggs hibernate around the buds and in the cracks of the bark.

How to fight

Early spring spraying (before bud break) with nitrafen at the rate of 200-300 g per 10 l of water. At the beginning of bud break, bushes are treated with tobacco infusion or a solution of soap. From pesticides you can use 10% solution of karbofos at the rate of 75-90 g per 10 l of water. With a large number of aphids, the treatment is repeated in the phase of isolation of buds.

Small (2-3.5 mm long) sucking insects. Damage the leaves that.

Gooseberries affect the same pests and diseases as black currants. .

Processing in spring and summer includes not only control measures and pros.

Rowan is quite resistant to the diseases afflicting it. The greatest harm on.

In amateur gardening, mountain ash breeding is carried out vegetatively: etc.

February 14, 2018

Raspberry-strawberry weevil harms strawberry and strawberry buds.

20 December, 2017

Planting work can be carried out in the fall and spring.

Caterpillars are yellowish-white with black b.

Mealy dew, white and black spot, rusty.

In the amateur garden varieties of raspberry garden, as well as others.

In this article we will describe in detail the form of the structure of PL.

Brown spot

This disease is especially dangerous for young and weak plants. In the initial stage, small brown spots appear on the leaves; a whitish bloom may form on the lower part of the leaf. If you run the disease, the leaves dry completely and fall off. If you find the symptoms of this disease on your plant, then it must be sprayed with a 1% solution of Bordeaux mixture. All fallen and damaged leaves must be promptly removed, collected and destroyed.

Septoria Spotting

This type of spotting is characterized by light brown oval spots with a dark border. It may appear in the middle of summer and leads to the complete drying of the tissue inside the spots. As with other types of spots, for the prevention and at the first signs, Bordeaux treatment is carried out, and all the damaged leaves are collected and destroyed. For the fight, drugs are also used; from these diseases of chokeberry, the bush and the soil beneath it is treated with copper oxychloride and Abiga-Pik.

Bacterial necrosis, or bark cancer

This disease can cause massive mortality of stone and pome crops. Aronia does not suffer from this disease as often as, for example, apricot, cherry, or peach. Symptoms are similar to the appearance of bacterial cancer on pome crops. In spring, they resemble burns, but this disease affects all the tissues and organs of the shrub, so the forms of manifestation may be different.

If the disease is transient, the fruits, shoots and flowers rather quickly dry and turn brown, but do not fall off, and hang on the tree for quite a long time. You will not see ulcers on the bark, but under the influence of toxins that emit bacteria, the bark becomes saturated with moisture, turns brown, then turns black and eventually dies. In this case, a characteristic sourish odor emanates from the bark, which resembles a fermented juice.

Treatment of such diseases of mountain ash, unfortunately, is impossible. If you find a disease in the initial stage, then pruning of all affected branches is carried out with the capture of healthy wood 8-10 cm below the lesion.

When processing it is necessary to disinfect the instrument with a 5% formalin solution, and it is necessary to lubricate the places of the cut with garden putty. If the disease has hit the plant too much, then the bush must be completely uprooted and burned, avoiding new plantings near this place.

Viral ring mosaic

Symptoms of this disease are greenish-yellow rings on the leaves, which, when severely affected, merge and form a mosaic pattern. Over time, the leaves of mountain ash are deformed, become wrinkled, then turn black and fall off. To combat this disease, it is necessary to promptly remove the affected leaves and destroy them.

Fungal disease combing disease affects the root system. The causes of this disease are arthritis rooted in root rot, which weakens the plant. It has the appearance of leathery thin brownish-gray plates. Prevention involves standard treatment with Bordeaux mortar in the spring and autumn, as well as copper oxychloride and Abigak-Pik.

Mealy dew

This fungal disease of chokeberry affects young leaves and shoots. Over time, a white cobweb-like bloom appears on them, and by the autumn they turn into brown spots - in this state the fungus overwinters. This disease can greatly weaken the plant, especially if the weather is warm and humid. To combat powdery mildew during the growing season, chokeberry must be pollinated with ground sulfur and lime (in a ratio of 2 to 1) at a rate of 0.3 g / sq. m. Also be sure to collect and burn fallen leaves.

Chokeberry sometimes suffers from a disease called rust. The causative agent of this disease causes the appearance of yellow spots on the leaves. All spots have dark brown dots - the mushroom spore is on the upper side of the leaves. In the future, the fungus develops on juniper, so it makes sense to protect the planting of chokeberry from this plant. As a treatment for rust, the plant is sprayed with a solution of Bordeaux liquid, and the affected branches are completely removed.

Hawthorn

The size of this diurnal butterfly can reach 7 cm. Its caterpillars damage the leaves of the plant. It occurs in the spring, at this time the pest begins its activity. During budding, the larvae caterpillars eat them away, and then destroy the leaves and flowers. In the middle of summer, these pests lay eggs, most often on the upper side of the leaf.

Before blooming, arion can be sprayed with various insecticides for prophylaxis, such as:

Before budding, the trees can be sprayed with Olekupri, Nitrafen.

Green apple aphid

This pest infects the leaves and tops of the shoots, causing them to curl and dry. These insects are small in size, up to a maximum of 3.5 cm in length. Young saplings suffer most from green apple aphid. In the period of blooming buds and before flowering, they are treated with insecticides to get rid of the larvae of the apple aphid. To combat aphids, it is necessary to spray the preparations with Nitrafen, Karbofos, Olekuprit, etc.

Brown fruit and red apple pincers

These pests of chokeberry appear during bud break. Larvae molt, leaving behind themselves larval skins on the bark of branches. Because of this, the branches get a silver tide, so it is impossible to confuse this type of pest with others.

In spring Aronia should be sprayed with any of the acaricides (“Zolon”, “Malathion”, “Tedion”, etc.). The use of various drugs is necessary because with the constant use of only one of them, the tick is formed immunity to it. In order to quickly reduce the population of ticks, it is imperative to dig up the soil under the plants, as well as regularly collect and destroy fallen leaves.

This small dark-colored beetle gnaws at the bark, trying to get close to the succulent wood. All stages of the vital activity of this beetle occur precisely after the plant has entered the bark. In advanced cases, the leaves of Aronia rowan turn yellow, due to the fact that nutrients do not come from the branches.

To combat this pest it is necessary to spray the entire plant completely: the trunk, branches and leaves. For processing using the following drugs:

  • "Aktara",
  • "Confidor"
  • "Lepidocide".
Spraying is carried out after flowering, the procedure is repeated after 2 weeks.

Rowan and mining moths

These pests affect the fruits of chokeberry. Caterpillars begin to eat the flesh, gnawing through the narrow passages. From the resulting holes, droplets of juice protrude, then dark spots appear, and the fruits taste bitter. Aronia does not receive severe damage, but the affected fruit is not usable, so with the appearance of this pest, the harvest is reduced. To combat rowan and miner moths, it is necessary to dig up the soil under the trees, burn the collected leaves, clean the bark from lichens and growths.

Against the moth rowan fight with the help of spraying drugs against the apple stem. Against the apple miner moth, it is necessary to spray aronia with insecticides before flowering. However, it should be borne in mind that in most cases these drugs are effective only in the fight against young caterpillars.

Unfortunately, birds like to eat various berries, so if they notice your garden, you will have to fight them. The most effective method is the special grids from birds, there are, of course, other self-made methods, but their effectiveness is not guaranteed. As such tools use shiny objects (such as CD / DVD discs), which brightly reflect the sun and scare away birds when approaching the bushes. In addition, scarecrows are used to scare away birds, as well as objects that, when they come into contact with each other, make a sound (for example, aluminum cans connected to each other), but it is possible that it will not scare the birds away, and unpleasant sounds will annoy you.

Chokeberry (aronia): useful properties, planting and care

Related articles

Prevention of atherosclerosis. Chokeberry - an excellent means of preventing the formation of atherosclerotic plaques. Half an hour before meals you need to eat about 100 grams of fresh berries daily. The course is one and a half to two months. It is useful while taking black chokeberry to drink dogrose broth or to take vitamin C preparations to compensate for its lack of black chokeberry fruits. The combination of ascorbic acid and vitamin P gives an excellent therapeutic effect.

Description of black chokeberry and chokeberry

Chokeberry has the ability to accumulate in its fruit iodine, this useful element in it more than four times than, for example, in strawberries and raspberries. The amount of iodine in the fruit increases even more if the shrub grows in coastal areas.

This berry is useful for vitamin deficiency, mental and physical fatigue due to the high content of vitamin PP. Eating rowan in diabetes can normalize metabolism and remove cholesterol plaques from blood vessels. With constant use of the berry acts as a contraceptive, it is useful for uterine bleeding and menstruation rhythm disturbances. It also helps to reduce puffiness and removes excess moisture from the body. For hemorrhoids, ¼ cup of rowan juice is taken 3 times a day, and for the treatment of low acidity gastritis, take a teaspoon before eating 30 minutes. In order to have fresh juice, it is advisable to carry out the treatment in autumn, when the fruits ripen.

In our country was imported from Canada in the XIX century and landed as an ornamental plant. And only the Soviet breeder Michurin, after long experiments and research, issued a verdict on the medicinal properties of this shrub.

Chokeberry is used as an antihypertensive, diuretic, anti-atherosclerotic, anti-inflammatory, astringent, laxative, hemostatic agent.

In cooking for making jam, so that the berries are tender and soft, they are necessarily blanched for 2-3 minutes, then - into the ready sugar syrup and cook for only 5 minutes. Without seaming lids perfectly stored in room conditions, does not ferment and does not grow moldy.

On Aronii can do all kinds of vaccinations. So, having planted a pear stalk, in a year or two you will receive the first fruits. In subsequent years, to prevent the branches breaking off under the weight of the crop, supports are necessary. Chernoplodku can be grafted into the crown or seedlings of mountain ash.

Grandifolia

Chokeberry (aronia) has no equal in terms of its healing properties: it is a real storehouse of vitamins. In addition, the fruits of this deciduous shrub useful in the prevention of various diseases, reduce the harmful effects of radioactive substances.

Vitamin tea. Multivitamin tea based on chokeberry perfectly helps to compensate for the loss of vitamins during physical and emotional stress. Tea can be prepared both from fresh berries, and in advance dried. Usually, multivitamin teas are made on the basis of black chokeberry berries in combination with other medicinal herbs, berries, fruits. As an additive, rosehips and black currant are suitable.

In addition to iodine, chokeberry berries contain a large amount of fluorine, bromine, molybdenum, manganese and boron. There is a lot of iron in the berries - the whole complex has the most beneficial effect on the cardiovascular system. Therefore, chokeberry is indispensable for those who suffer from hypertension and high cholesterol levels in the blood. Beneficial berries will suffer from atherosclerosis.

In general, mountain ash is useful for the entire gastrointestinal tract. In the intestine, it stops the development of various bacteria, accelerates the treatment of the rectum and small intestine from senile agony. It has a beneficial effect in gassing and low peristalsis problems. Red rowan juice will also help against constipation.

The composition of chokeberry includes such vitamins - beta-carotene, vitamin B (1, 2 and 6), vitamin PP, P, A, E and ascorbic acid. In addition, it is rich in pectins, tannins and organic acids. Micro- and macronutrients such as iodine, manganese, potassium, copper, cobalt, iron and molybdenum are found in fruits in large quantities.

Single chokeberry is used in the form of juice or the berries themselves to strengthen the walls of blood vessels or to reduce pressure in atherosclerosis, hypertension, sugar diabetes, hemorrhagic diathesis, hypovitaminosis, hyperthyroidism, toxemia of pregnant women.

To make puree, softened berries after blanching, rub through a sieve, add 350-400 g of sugar and mix well. And if you add 700-800 g of sugar and mix well to dissolve the sugar in the mass of berries, then you will have a raw puree, which is stored in the same way as black currant puree.

And how to propagate black ashberry, to ensure a good survival rate of seedlings? Aronia is propagated by layering or root shoots. Independent roots on the layering and offspring are formed only in the second year, and then subject to regular watering and preliminary preparation by tightening at the border with the mother bush.

The variety variety of chokeberry is not too small, but despite this, its use in gardening is extremely high.

The proportions in the preparation of vitamin tea are approximately as follows: two tablespoons of dry or fresh berries are poured with two cups of boiling water. Keep on low heat for 10 minutes, insist a few hours. This tea is drunk half a glass 2-3 times a day before meals. You can add honey or sugar. This multivitamin tea also helps with asthenia, anemia, vitamin deficiencies.

The pronounced astringent taste of the berries is due to the high content of tannins - which is good for a number of gastrointestinal diseases, in particular, accompanied by diarrhea. It is abundant in berries of pectins and organic acids, which makes it indispensable in the treatment of gallstone disease.

In Europe, the drug based on red ash is used to treat cancer.

Back to content Chokeberry - the benefits and harms of this plant depend on the state of human health. For the prevention of vascular diseases it is necessary to eat 100 grams per day of berries. Freshly squeezed juice is able to reduce and stabilize blood pressure. Berry is also effective in hypertension, varicose veins and atherosclerosis and for better absorption of vitamin P should be consumed simultaneously with vitamin C. It can thin the blood and reduce blood clotting, which reduces the likelihood of stroke or heart attack. But in this case, it is necessary to consult a doctor - side effects may occur.

In the collections of chokeberry is used when

Fresh natural juice of black chokeberry is obtained from the pulp by pressing the fruit. Он имеет бордовый цвет и кисловато-горький вяжущий вкус. Сок назначают по 50 г на прием 3 раза в день за полчаса до еды. Длительность курса лечения составляет от 10 до 30 дней, в случае надобности лечение можно продлить до 50 дней в зависимости от течения заболевания и индивидуальных особенностей человека.​

There are other ways of propagation of black chokeberry - seeds, green and lignified cuttings, but for amateur gardeners it is difficult. The seeds are very small, the weight of 1000 seeds is only 2-2.5 g.

This rowan has a number only of its characteristic requirements for growing conditions. The main thing when planting and caring for chokeberry aronia is not to forget that this shrub belongs to the light-loving crops. The bulk of flower buds is laid on the periphery of the crown. Thickened and shaded plantings significantly reduce yields. When planting chokeberry in a sunny place, the distance between plants should be at least 2-2.5 m.

Aronia - it is black chokeberry - deciduous shrub 0.5-2.0 m tall with erect stems and gray bark. In the wild in the territory of our country does not grow. Aronia from Eastern North America.

Chokeberry is one of those berries that, even in such a dubious form as wine, brings health benefits. Of course, when drinking wine you need to know when to stop. Abuse is unacceptable - instead of problems, for example, with hypertension, you can get other problems. At least - a hangover, and at most - alcoholism.

How to grow, care for and propagate black chokeberry

Chokeberry is a champion in the content of vitamin R. This vitamin in the black fleece is twenty times more than in apples and citrus fruits, and almost twice as much as in the other vitamin champion - black currant. In some varieties, the amount of vitamin P reaches 5%! The content of beta-carotene aronium inferior to the red mountain ash, but also contains a sufficient amount. There is a provitamin A, as well as ascorbic acid in small quantities. Usually those who take aronia in general strengthening purposes use its fruits in combination with medicinal plants with a high content of ascorbic acid.

The fruits of red ash are also used to treat dermatological diseases such as acne. Rinse fresh berries thoroughly and crush them in a mortar, then apply to face. Within one month, the face is completely cleansed. The same recipe can be used to remove purulent wounds or with eczema, dermatitis, external bleeding or burns.

As part of the chokeberry there is a lot of iodine, so its use is indicated in the treatment of thyroid disease and radiation sickness. In case of diseases of the stomach, it is useful to take fresh berries on an empty stomach - the receptors of the stomach are excited, gastric juice is secreted in larger quantities and the food will be digested without problems. Also, this plant belongs to the category of choleretic - the leaves have the ability to cause the production of bile and improve liver function. Patients with diabetes can consume this berry - there is so much sorbitol in it that sugar in the blood does not rise, besides rowan prevents the formation of bleeding.

Hypertension: rowan and black fruits, wild rose, hawthorn, viburnum, wild rosemary and wild raspberry sprouts, rose petals, fireweed leaves, periwinkle grass, shepherd's purse, rue, motherwort, dried corn - O, 3 liters of boiling water 10 grams , in the bath, warm without boiling for 20 minutes, with heat for 3 hours, insist, drink it all 3 times before meals, 2 months.

Traditional medicine juice of chokeberry is recommended for lowering blood pressure. This drink has vasodilating properties, has a greater breadth of therapeutic action (reduces headaches, improves sleep, mood, increases the ability to work). Useful properties of black chokeberry juice persist up to six months, and sometimes throughout the year. The best effect is observed at I and II stages of an idiopathic hypertensia.

However, be aware that with seed reproduction, most seedlings retain the characteristics of the parents.

Aronia is absolutely frost-resistant, does not freeze in any winters. In the first years after planting it grows quickly, it starts fruiting early, from 3–4 years of age, the yield of berries is stable. In favorable conditions, the maximum productive period of 20-25 years.

The leaves of the shrub are simple, whole, serrated, obovate, with petioles, bright green in summer, red in autumn.

Wine from chokeberry turns out to be viscous, rich, deep color with a rich bouquet. Fruits are perfect for all types of wine, but getting a dry wine from the black worm is almost impossible. Usually obtained sweet wines (liqueur and dessert) tart, very rich taste. Often, other fruits are added to the black wine, such as apple juice.

Not only fruits of mountain ash, but also other parts of the shrub are considered useful. For medicinal purposes, they use infusions and decoctions of leaves and flowers of chokeberry, as they along with the fruits contain flavonols rutin and hyperoside, as well as derivatives of quercetin.

In cosmetics, red rowan berries are used to rejuvenate the skin.

How useful chokeberry (chokeberry) for the body

Patients should be treated with caution with diseases such as stomach ulcers and increased acidity. Also should not be used for thrombophlebitis, hypertension and angina - an increased ability to clot the blood will lead to the formation of blood clots in the vessels.

Hypertensive type of neurocirculatory dystonia: chokeberry rowanas, butterbur leaves, fireweed, cowberry, linden flowers, rhizomes of valerian, periwinkle grass, astragalus, dried cornwort, milfoil - equally O, 3 liters of 8 g boiling water, 3 minutes to boil, insist hour , all drink 4 times before meals, and the last time before bedtime, 2 months.

Fruits are stored at a temperature of +3. + 5 ° С in a place protected from direct sunlight. To be treated with the juice and fruits of mountain ash is not recommended for gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, as well as gastritis. In any case, you must first consult with your doctor.

Therapeutic and prophylactic properties of chokeberry Aronia are due to the high content of organic acids, tannins. In the pulp of the fruit there is coumarin and other compounds. Of the trace elements dominated by iron, manganese, iodine.

Due to the surface location of the roots, planting and caring for aronia can be carried out in places with a high standing of groundwater, where other berry bushes practically do not grow. Considering the structure of the root system, regular care should be taken when caring for Aronia.

How to use chokeberry in cooking and traditional medicine

As can be seen in the photo, black chokeberry flowers are white or pink, collected 15-30 pieces in inflorescences-shields:

A wine sourdough is being prepared: put two glasses of any fresh berries (raspberries, strawberries, rosehips) unwashed into a jar, add 2 tablespoons of sugar, pour 2 cups of cold water. Cover the bank with gauze - in three days, when the fermentation process begins, the wort is considered ready.

Chokeberry is very active in terms of the impact on the human body by the plant. Therefore, the fruits have a number of contraindications. The presence of tannins makes it forbidden to patients suffering from chronic constipation. The high content of organic acids is undesirable for those suffering from gastritis with high acidity, gastric ulcers and duodenal ulcers.

Back to content Red Rowan - the benefits and harm of this plant. At the same time with the great benefits that rowan brings, it is necessary to exercise extreme caution in the presence of chronic diseases and pathologies. For those who have suffered a heart attack, stroke, increased acidity of the stomach and thrombophlebitis it is strictly forbidden to take any drugs based on mountain ash. In pregnant women, the use of any type of red rowan can cause an involuntary miscarriage. And during lactation, red rowan can cause allergic dermatitis in a baby.

To strengthen the immune system, the following decoction is recommended. 200 grams of dried black chokeberry berries pour 200 ml boiling water and heat over very low heat for 10 minutes. Allow to cool. Take ½ cup 4 times a day.

Atherosclerosis: aronia and horse chestnut fruits, corn stigmas, rose petals, elecampane rhizomes, raspberry shoots, birch leaves, calendula flowers, horsetail grass - equally - O, 35 liters of boiling water 8 grams of collection, 10 minutes to warm in a bath, 2 hours to insist, use half a cup before meals three times, the course is 2 months.

Appearance of black chokeberry

What is the use of black chokeberry for the organism and why are these berries recommended for use in the prevention of various diseases?

In the process of how to grow black chokeberry, you want to make organic fertilizer, also necessarily mulching. It’s impossible to dig up the soil under a shrub;

Black chokeberry

Chokeberry Aronia is a perennial fruit shrub or tree. Latin name of the plant - Aronia melanocarpa. The generic name comes from the Greek words ἄρος - use, μέλᾱς - black and καρπός - fruit. Aronia Aronia is also called a mountain ash black-fruited or black-fruited because of the gray-black color of fruits and the similarity of their structure with the fruits of mountain ash.

How does it look

Aronia Aronia is a strongly branching shrub up to 3 meters high. Crohn plants with age becomes very sprawling.

The root system of chokeberry is developed, localized in the zone of the crown of a bush. Every year at the base of the plant there are many independent shoots.

Leaves are obovoid plant with a sharp end. Leaf size depending on the variety can reach 7 cm in length. During the summer season they have a glossy dark green color. Closer to the fall, the leaves acquire a purple-red tint. The leaves are alternate, located on shorter petioles.

Aronia blooms from May to June. Flowers bisexual, up to 6 cm in diameter, five-petal white or pinkish-white, collected in complex inflorescences. Anthers slightly rise above the stigmas and have a purple color.

Fruits up to 8 mm in size (depending on the variety), spherical or squeezed-rounded. The color of the fruit is black or purplish-black, the surface is smooth, shiny, the skin is dense. The berries have a slightly astringent tart sweet-sour taste. Fruit ripening begins in mid-August.

Home-made black chokeberry products

Chopped black chokeberry berries (3 kg) pour the wine sourdough, add sugar and water. On 3 kg of the crushed berries - 2 kg of sugar and 2 liters of water. It is better to pour the whole mixture into a bucket, cover with gauze and leave for a week, stirring occasionally.

With care it is necessary to eat aroniya in patients with diabetes. On the one hand, sorbitol is found in the composition of the berries - a substance that is widely used as a sugar substitute. On the other hand, chokeberry fruits contain large amounts of sugars, which is undesirable for diabetics.

  • Familiar to everyone
  • In hypertension, you should make juice from the berries and take ¼ cup in the morning and evening. Or 50 ml of fresh juice mixed with a spoon of honey and drink 30 minutes before meals three times a day. Treatment should be carried out within 45 days. Enough to eat 100 grams of berries every day.
  • Fruits of chokeberry Aronia are taken 5O - 1OO grams three times a day before meals for one month, if it is necessary to repeat the course, then only after a break of 1 - 2 months. Juice from black chokeberry - 50 ml each, as well as fruit.

In our country, this plant is more known under the name of chokeberry. Aronia is black-fruited in our country, with the exception of the northern regions. Homeland aronii North America, the eastern part.

Ripe aronia berries contain 2-4 times more iodine compared with other fruit and berry crops. It is recommended to use fresh, frozen, dried fruits, juice or canned food with hypertension, to maintain normal permeability and elasticity of blood vessel walls and thus to prevent sclerosis.

Contraindications chokeberry:

Planting mountain ash can be in the spring and autumn. If the soil is bad and there is an opportunity to bring humus and fertile black soil, the holes should be dug 50 cm in depth and filled. Take them out with earth that is mixed with black soil and 1-2 pits of humus. It is good to add 200 g of superphosphate, 100 g of potassium chloride and 200-300 g of wood ash to each well.

Nutrients that are part of the fruits of mountain ash

After 8 days, the wort is filtered from the berries. It is better to manually press through the gauze. Separated wort must be poured into a 5-liter bottle, closed, make a hole in the lid through which the gases will flow through the tube into the jar of water. Periodically, the bottle should be shaken. After two or three months, the wine will "ripen", and you can drink it.

What diseases can be treated with black chokeberry

The well-known ability of chokeberry to lower blood pressure is well known. This very useful property is used by those who suffer from hypertension. But hypotensive chokeberry is contraindicated.

Black chokeberry (aronia)

For the prevention of atherosclerosis within 1.5 months, you can eat 200 grams of berries per day. At the same time, it is necessary to take a preparation based on vitamin C. Even tea from dried rosehips may be suitable.

Recipes for some diseases

Pharmacy drugs from chokeberry is not.

In the photo: what looks like chokeberry

Medicinal properties of chokeberry and high in fruit content substances P vitamin activity makes these fruits indispensable for various bleeding after treatment with anticoagulants, by radioactive irradiation with hemorrhagic diathesis, capillary toxicosis, diabetes, kidney disease, measles, scarlet fever, rheumatism, allergic conditions, weeping eczema and some other skin diseases. Due to the beneficial properties of chokeberry, one tablespoon of jam from these berries provides the daily human need for vitamin P.

When a pit is filled, a cone-shaped hillock is made and a seedling is put on it, the root system is filled up, slightly compacted, watered, and after soaking up the water, the pit is filled to the top.

What diseases are useful for red rowan

There are no domestic zoned varieties of black chokeberry: it was introduced into the culture from wild flora as a type of rowan. Selected individual forms, mainly by the size of the fruit.

Broth fortifying. 2 tablespoons of dried fruit pour a glass of boiling water, put on a small fire or water bath for 10-15 minutes. Cool broth for half an hour, drain. Take half a glass 3 times a day after meals.

Use of red rowan for external use

Come from North America. Long before the arrival of the white man in the territories of present-day Canada, the Aronia was cultivated by the Indians. Juice of berries treated wounds and burns, helped the wounded to rise to their feet, and the old people raised, as it were now said, vitality.

When asthenia or anemia, you can eat black currant berries along with black chokeberry berries in fresh form.

Composition aronia

The variety of the liqueur rowan of I.V. Michurin. It is bred from the crossing of an ordinary forest rowan with aronia. It grows in the form of a tree or a bush, which is very winter-hardy and fruitful. Fruits are round, 12-15 mm in diameter, black and blue, ripen in September. Externally, the fruit is very beautiful. The taste is tart, but with full maturity, astringency decreases.

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Infusion for chronic hypertension. Squeeze the juice from fresh berries of chokeberry. Add a tablespoon of liquid honey, mix thoroughly. Take a tablespoon three times a day before meals. The course of treatment is 30 days. After the course of administration, the pressure is normalized, and the jumps will cease to be so abrupt.

In the XIX century, chokeberry left its historic homeland to settle in Europe. However, for a long time the shrub interested Europeans only as an ornamental plant, which decorated rich gardens and parks. Chokeberry gradually began to inhabit Russia, but for a long time no one, like in Europe, was not interested in berries.

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Doctor therapist Naumov Yu.N

The medicinal properties of the fruits have black chokeberry. They need to be harvested in September - early October. Fresh fruit can be consumed within 3 days after harvest. In addition, they can be dried at a temperature of not more than 60 degrees.

Fruits with a sweet, somewhat tart taste contain up to 10% of sugars, up to 1.5% of malic and other organic acids, up to 0.8% of pectic and up to 0.6% of tannins, and also vitamins P, C Bl, B2, A, E, PP, salts of molybdenum, manganese, copper, boron.

Treatment of Chokeberry: Recipes

​Очень важно при сборе урожая срезать или срывать кисти рябины, без листьев, потому что лист у основания кисти в своей пазухе несет плодовую почку урожая следующего года.​

​Зарубежные сорта аронии черноплодной:​

​При использовании и перепечатке материалов активная ссылка на женский сайт Woman-Lives.ru обязательна​

​Для этих целей полезен также сок из свежих ягод, который нужно принимать за полчаса до еды трижды в день по 50 мл. Pure juice or mixed with honey is contraindicated in gastritis or peptic ulcer disease, in case of a chronic course of the disease it can cause an exacerbation.

Black chokeberry wine

Only in 1961, after long-term laboratory research, the Ministry of Health of the USSR issued a permit for the use of aronia juice and berries. True, mainly for therapeutic purposes - with hypertension, gastritis and atherosclerosis. More widely, Aronia began to be used later, when people entered into the taste and tasted the miracle berry.

Red rowan, as well as its closest relative, the black fruit, is very useful for treating various diseases. The effectiveness of red rowan juice for the prevention of cardiovascular diseases has also been proven. Red rowan contains many vitamins of groups B, P, E and C, trace elements such as zinc, calcium, iron, copper, phosphorus and folic acid. Phytoncides present in the berries have a detrimental effect on microbes, viruses and fungi. The content of vitamin C red rowan can be compared with sea buckthorn or black currant.

The well-known black chokeberry plant belongs to the Rosaceae family and is a medicinal plant. This is a small shrub that blooms in May and June, and the fruits ripen in late August - early September. The color of the berries is dark brown or black, sometimes with a waxy coating. All species of this plant are edible. Jams, preserves, wine, juice, jelly, tinctures and teas are made from them.

Aronia fruits contain sugars, organic acids, tannins, vitamins (C, P, E, A), potassium, magnesium, calcium, manganese, copper, zinc, cobalt, selenium, chromium, aluminum, nickel, strontium, lead, bor.

Fruits are harvested at full ripeness, rarely eaten fresh, they are prepared compote, juice, syrup, marshmallow and tart wine. Aronia is used both as a dried fruit and in a frozen form. With long-term storage of fruits cut with brushes, the vitamins are preserved completely, and the amount of P-active substances even increases (due to drying). At a temperature of 0? With fruits well preserved throughout the winter.

This plant has the ability to set fruits and form seeds from selfing, therefore even one bush of aronies in the garden will produce crops.

Where grows

Homeland chokeberry Aronia is the eastern part of the North American continent. This shrub is most often found in the wild-growing form and is considered an overgrown weed. Aronia grows in a temperate climate, so it can be found in most regions of Russia and in North America.

In our country, biologist and breeder I.V. Michurin was first engaged in the breeding of chokeberry Aronia. In honor of him was named one of the plant species - Aronia Michurin. This hybrigenogenic species differs from other species by its juicy sweet-sour taste and large size of fruits.

After Michurin, the industrial cultivation of chokeberry and its popularization as a garden culture was carried out by biologists from Gorno-Altaisk. Today, the cultivation of chokeberry chokeberry for personal use are mainly engaged in household and suburban areas. Aronia bears fruit in the third year after planting. Propagated by seeds, cuttings, root suckers, layering and dividing the bush.

Chemical composition

The fruits of chokeberry Aronia have the following chemical composition:

  • lactose and fructose (up to 10%),
  • sorbitol,
  • flavonoids,
  • carotene,
  • retinol,
  • tocopherol,
  • vitamin C,
  • a nicotinic acid,
  • B vitamins,
  • anthocyanins,
  • pectin,
  • tannins,
  • glycoside amygdalin,
  • mineral substances: fluorine, iodine, boron, copper, iron, manganese, etc.

The acidity of the fruit is about 1.3%, in terms of malic acid. Due to the content of sorbitol, aronia is used in the production of products for diabetics.

Medicinal properties

The fruits of chokeberry have the following beneficial properties for the body:

  • strengthen the walls of blood vessels
  • reduce blood pressure
  • heal skin lesions
  • normalize digestion and body metabolism,
  • saturate the body with vitamins and beneficial trace elements,
  • reduce the risk of developing oncology,
  • have anti-inflammatory and antispasmodic effects,
  • strengthen bone tissue
  • support the work of the functional systems of the body,
  • have choleretic and diuretic effects.

Aronia and Aronia preparations based on it are used for the prevention and treatment of the following diseases:

  • arterial hypertension,
  • diabetes,
  • avitaminosis,
  • vascular atherosclerosis,
  • inflammation of the gastric mucosa,
  • hemorrhagic diathesis,
  • glomerular nephritis,
  • Schönlein-Henoch disease
  • radiation sickness,
  • diarrhea,
  • neurological diseases
  • oncology.

How to collect

Harvesting fruits Aroni produced in late September - early October, after the first night frost. In order to determine the ripeness of the berries, it is necessary to pick several fruits from different parts of the bush and press down. Juice in ripe chokeberry berries should be a dark purple color. Taste the ripe fruits of chokeberry have a bit tart, sweet and sour.

In order to dry the chokeberry for the winter, ripe fruits are removed from the bush along with the stems, they clean the clusters from debris and rotted berries. Then they are washed and dried on a clean newspaper or tarpaulin. For drying, clusters are hung on a thick thread in a dark, well-ventilated room. After complete drying, the berries are separated from the stalks and folded into linen bags.

Fruits can also be dried in the oven at a temperature of 50-60 degrees or in an automatic dryer. Using these methods, chokeberry is dried without stem.

To freeze fresh berries for the winter, the berries are separated from the stalks, washed and dried on a clean newspaper. After drying, the berries are sorted into plastic containers or bags and frozen.

How to apply chokeberry Aronia

Aronia is grown to produce medicinal and food raw materials, as well as for decorative purposes. In traditional medicine, aronia is valued for its rich chemical composition and is used to treat and prevent cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, digestive problems and many others.

Also, black chokeberry is used as a vitamin-mineral source and for disorders of the immune and endocrine systems.

In the pharmaceutical industry, various dietary supplements and medicines are made on the basis of black chokeberry fruit. Also, the raw materials obtained by the extraction method from the fruits of chokeberry are added to some cosmetics for skin and hair.

Aronia berries are eaten fresh, dried and frozen. They make tinctures, boil compotes, juices and jams, as well as add to confectionery.

Also, aronia helps to cope with high blood pressure, strengthen the body during pregnancy and reduce the risk of developing complications of diabetes.

Under pressure

To normalize blood pressure, use aronia in fresh, frozen or canned form — 10–15 berries (15–20 grams) 2–3 times a day. It helps to clean and strengthen blood vessels and has a prophylactic effect against the development of hypertensive crisis. Also, in case of hypertension and atherosclerosis of the vessels, it is useful to use the juice from the fruit.

Ingredients: Fresh fruits of chokeberry.

How to cook: Select, wash and dry the berries. Squeeze the juice out of them using a juicer or wipe them through a fine sieve. Optionally, separate the juice from the pulp. To prepare the juice, you can also use the fruit in frozen form.

How to use: Take the juice of 75 ml for half an hour before meals three times a day.

From the dried fruits harvested for the winter, an infusion can be made that will help reduce pressure and strengthen the cardiovascular system.

Infusion on the fruit

Ingredients:

  1. Dried aroniya berries - 3 tbsp.
  2. Pure water - 500 ml.

How to cook: Pour dried fruits into a thermos and pour boiling water over them. Let it stand for a day.

How to use: Take the product 75 ml for half an hour before meals three times a day.

During pregnancy

During pregnancy, chokeberry also helps to normalize blood pressure, especially in the last stages of pregnancy, and also to avoid edema.

In addition, aronia is a rich source of substances necessary for the health of the future mother and her child: nicotinic acid, vitamins C, P, A and E, iodine, iron and potassium.

With diabetes

Chokeberry helps diabetics cope with bleeding gums, high blood pressure, inflammation of the skin and prevent complications of diabetes. Endocrinologists recommend using a glass of fresh or frozen aronia during the day, dividing it into several methods. In addition, you can make a tonic decoction of dried chokeberry berries.

Aronia decoction

Ingredients:

  1. Dried fruits of chokeberry - 5 tbsp.
  2. Drinking water - 500 ml.

How to cook: Place the dried berries in a small dipper and cover them with water. Boil for 5 minutes, then let the broth cool and brew under a lid. Strain the decoction with a gauze cloth or a strainer.

How to use: Take the resulting broth during the day for half an hour before meals.

Aronia is also used to treat wounds and cracks in the skin. Blackfruit juice disinfects the wound surface and promotes rapid healing. To do this, moisten a cotton swab or gauze with fresh juice and apply to the damaged surface.

Before using chokeberry aronia during diabetes, it is necessary to consult an endocrinologist. The benefit and harm of a black wolf for a diabetic patient is considered by the doctor in each case strictly individually.

Features black chokeberry (rowan)

Chokeberry is a frost-resistant deciduous shrub, characterized by strong branching, it reaches a height of up to 300 centimeters. Its root system is located very close to the soil surface. Crohn in young specimens is very compact, but in an adult shrub it can reach about 200 centimeters in diameter. Young stems are painted in brownish-red color, which eventually gives way to dark gray. The one-piece simple sheet plates of elliptical shape are alternately arranged and have a crown-serrated edge. In length they reach 4–8 centimeters, and in width - 3–5 centimeters. The front surface of the leaves is glossy, dark green leathery, and the purl - has a whitish color, which is associated with the presence of pubescence. From mid-September, the color of the foliage changes to red-purple. The thyroid dense inflorescences consist of pale pink or white fragrant flowers that have purple anthers. Flowering begins from mid-May to early June. Glossy fruits of spherical shape can be painted black-magenta or magenta, and on their surface there is a gray patina. Their maturation is observed in August or September. In a wild plant, the mass of fruits, as a rule, is not more than 1.5 g, while in cultivated varieties they are not so small.

This plant is cultivated as a medicinal, fruit and decorative. Aronia is considered a relative of pear, bird cherry, quince, peach, almond, hawthorn, sweet cherry, apple, plum, cherry plum, apricot, nectarine, dogrose and cherry. All these garden cultures belong to the same family.

Description of Krasnaya rowan

Krasnoplodnaya Rowan has about a hundred species, 34 of which grow on the territory of the former USSR. At one time, Michurin became seriously interested in this tree and created quite a few rowan hybrids, for example, Garnet: hawthorn ordinary. As a result, its fruits may have a color ranging from bright orange to dark red. Trees vary in height from three to ten meters. The krone is dense, productivity is high. Rowan - a storehouse of vitamins and beneficial microelements: essential amino acids, iodine, sorbitol, huge amounts of vitamin C, glucose, fructose, phytoncides. The tree is absolutely not whimsical: it can grow on any soil, on shaded and sunny areas. The only thing - in the presence of places of stagnation of water or severe drought, the amount of harvest will decrease.

Aronia (aronia)

Black chokeberry, which will be more truly called aronia. By mountain ash plant attributed to the external similarity of the fruit. This is a long-standing independent genus. It is a medium shrub up to three meters high. Fruits are round, black, are collected in brushes, the pulp is dark, strongly coloring. There are not less useful elements in it than in the red fruit ash. Berries it is recommended for gastritis, hypertension, diabetes, diet for cancer patients, as it inhibits the development of cancer cells.

The red and black chokeberries belong to the family of pink, and the type of their fruit is pome.

Gray spot

If the rowan leaves crack, turn yellow, and then fall off, it means that the tree is struck with gray spot. This disease is caused by a very dangerous fungus that can cause the death of a tree. At first, gray-brown small spots appear on the leaves, they grow, get an angular shape, leaf sheets begin to crack in places of formations, then turn yellow and fall off. This disease can completely deprive the tree of leaves, followed by death. Overwintering fungus in the form of spores or mycelium on fallen leaves, loves wet weather, prolonged dew, heat. Does not affect young shoots and berries.

Gray spotting destroys the leaves, causing them to dry and die

The object of the fungus, causing gray spot, are only the leaves of the tree.

After wintering on fallen leaves, the spores of the fungus are transferred to other trees with the help of water droplets, airflow or insects.

It happens that mountain ash is abundantly covered with dark or olive-colored spots, various ulcers and warts, the skin of fruits peels off, they can crumble along with the leaves. This is a scab. The disease causes a fungus, the spores of which, having safely survived the winter on the fallen leaves of an infected tree, are transferred to a new host. This is facilitated by wet warm weather and thickened crown of trees, impeding air circulation. Scab affects the surface tissues of leaves and fruits, causing them to fall off.

To avoid contamination of mountain ash with scab, it is necessary to prevent the thickening of the crown

Where does it come from? The causative agent of scab overwinters excellently on fallen leaves. In spring and summer, fungal spores are transferred by air flow, water droplets or insects to a still healthy rowan.

Tubercular necrosis

It happens that in the midst of the summer period the leaves of the mountain ash suddenly begin to fall off, and bulging formations of orange color appear on the trunk, which then darken. Most likely, mountain ash picked up a dangerous disease of tubercular necrosis caused by a fungus. The wood is affected up to the cambium layer, the plant dies within a few years, and sometimes even several months.

A tree affected by tubercular necrosis may die within a few months

The causative agent of tubercular necrosis enters the tree through the affected areas of the bark: cuts, fissures, blunt branches. With favorable wet weather the fungus multiplies with great speed and causes the death of the tree.

Cytospor necrosis (cytosporosis)

If mountain ash literally dies before our eyes, and the trunk is covered with orange-red flagella, cytospor necrosis struck it. It is more often called not by one, but by several types of fungi found in different combinations. At first, necrotic yellowish tubercles appear on the cortex, then they grow, completely ring the branches, do not allow them to develop further. Inside these convex rings, a fungus develops, in the spring a reddish, sticky mass of ripened spores emerge in the form of flagella, forming a different shape, and solidifies.

Cytospor necrosis caused by various combinations of groups of fungi

Most often, cytospore necrosis affects weakened, affected trees with poor air circulation, during dry periods.

Black necrosis

If the bark of a mountain ash begins to crack, fall behind, and its edges are wrapped upwards, this is black necrosis. The disease can affect different types of rowan. First, the bark of the affected tree and branches becomes yellow, then cracks form on it. Over time, the number of cracks increases, they become wider, causing peeling of the bark. Sick trunks have an untidy, fluffed appearance. During this period, flat or concave solid formations with a diameter of about one and a half centimeters appear. As a result, the bark falls away, exposing the trunk.

Black necrosis causes the death of the bark and death of the tree

Spores of the fungus spread by raindrops and dew, as well as insects. Plants are affected during the growing season. Sometimes cytosporosis joins with everything else, then the plants dry out and die much faster.

The causative agent of black necrosis also causes white rot of the branches and trunks of mountain ash.

This fungal disease causes the leaf tissues to die and fall off, which significantly reduces crop volumes. The disease manifests itself in the form of small white spots, therefore Septoria is called white spot.

Septoria is another name for white spot.

The development of the fungus occurs in wet weather, carried by the air flow, water droplets, insects.

Nectriosis (cancer)

On skeletal branches, one can often see wounds in the cortex, surrounded by a tumor, and bright red tubercles are located around these formations. This is an ordinary cancer. Fungal disease. Often strikes the bark of the branches.

Cancer-affected tree

The causative agent of cancer penetrates unprotected areas of the cortex - wounds and fissures.

Wood rot

Wood rot is a fungal disease caused by basidiomycetes belonging to tinder fungi. After a lesion, the bark acquires a purple color, then black stripes appear on it, the bark becomes cellular and flabby and emits a sour, musty smell.

Wood rot caused by fungus-like fungus

Infection occurs through affected areas of the tree. The first victims are frostbitten and badly damaged trees.

Viral diseases

In general, mountain ash inhabits a whole group of pathogenic viruses, which are waiting for the right moment when the tree weakens due to frostbite, pests and other causes. They spread during vegetative reproduction and through insects, such as aphids.

If the leaves grow asymmetrical, curl, swell, shrink, it means that rowan is infected with viruses. There are also other signs of viral diseases:

  • the presence of mosaic leaves,
  • dying off of individual parts or organs of plants,
  • dwarfism.

They are transmitted from infected trees and through the planting material obtained from them.

The harm caused by viruses is implicit and manifests itself in the reduced life expectancy of the mountain ash, in its general weakening, decrease in the volume of the crop.

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