The health of rabbits mostly depends on its nutrition, so if the owner wants his pet to grow healthy and strong, the ration of the animal should be taken more than responsibly. On a par with green fodder, cereal should be included in the diet of rabbits. In addition to the grain - barley and wheat, it is allowed to add to the diet and cereals. Can I offer rice to rabbits? Which of its varieties is best included in the diet of rabbits?
Rice depending on the degree of processing is divided into ground and steamed (brown). The latter is considered more useful because it retains all the nutrients. However, rice still can not be called a very useful product, it contains some vitamins and little fiber. It is very useful in indigestion and diarrhea, as it has a fastening effect. In case of problems with the digestive tract (except constipation), brown rice should really be given to an animal, especially since, unlike white, it does not boil much and remains whole.
You should not offer polished rice to rabbits, as it undergoes strong processing, after which it loses all vitamins and contains only starch. It in turn is transformed into sugar, which causes fermentation in the digestive organs.
Food such as white rice increases the amount of mucus in the stomach, which adversely affects the digestive process of the animal. Especially from such food can rabbits, whose immunity has not yet formed.
The group called “green food” includes wild and cultivated herbs, beans and cereals, leaves of root crops and tuberous plants. These feeds form the core of the rabbit diet in the warm season, or rather from mid-spring to mid-autumn.
The following wild and cultivated grasses are suitable for feeding rabbits:
- peas (wick),
- feed clover,
- feed corn,
- sweet lupine
- young green oats,
- young green winter rye,
Popular green foods: lawn grass, clover, alfalfa, sweet lupine
Beans and cereals are rich in vitamins and minerals, but their use as a basic diet (in its pure form) can cause meteorism in rabbits. The greatest effect of these plants can be obtained in the composition of feed mixtures.
Green food - the basis of a healthy diet of eared rodents
Rabbits love to crunch tasty and juicy tops of root crops and tubers:
- tuber strawberry (potato)
- tuberiferous sunflower (Jerusalem artichoke),
- fodder turnips (turnips),
- fodder and sugar beet,
Green food is easily absorbed by rabbits.
4-5 days before the harvest of potatoes, the above-ground part of the crop is carefully cut, dried and fed to the rabbits. In the total mass of green fodder, the proportion of tops should not exceed 15%.
Rabbits gladly eat the tops of tubers and root crops
Rough food is dry food of plant origin rich in fiber. These feeds include:
- quality hay
- branch feed,
- flour made from hay and various herbs.
Rough feed should provide about 25% of the diet of eared animals. Due to the significant content of fiber, they give the rabbits a feeling of satiety and make digestion as comfortable as possible.
Rabbits with pleasure eat not only hay, but also branches of bushes and trees
For the winter, for each adult rabbit, farmers store 40 kg of hay. If in the winter months the litter is planned, then you will need to stock 10-15 kg of hay for each newborn baby. If there is not enough hay for some reason, then the remains are distributed between the nursing rabbits and the young, and the main flock is transferred to oat, lentil, pea or millet straw. This measure is temporary, since such straw is not very nutritious.
Rabbits are given both fresh and well-dried branches.
Hay harvesting for rabbits
Step 1. Mow the grass before flowering.
Step 2. The mowed grass is laid out in the sun and slightly dried.
Step 3. Leave the hay under cover in a well ventilated place.
Step 4. Control the readiness of hay: it should be green, slightly dried, with a pleasant herbal aroma.
Step 5. Hay is transferred to closed senniks and placed on dry pallets 0.5 m from the ground.
The branches of some trees have a healing effect.
In winter, when rabbits are deprived of fresh green grass, they are offered harvested from autumn branches of deciduous plants, including fruit trees and berry bushes.
Tree branches suitable for rabbits
Alder and oak mount a chair with diarrhea. The branches of these plants will help to cope with indigestion and diarrhea in rabbits.
Branches of mountain ash, raspberry, oak and pine are ideal for feeding rabbits
You can learn more about the branch feed for rabbits in the article: What branches can be given to rabbits?
The benefits of rabbit feed for the health of the rabbit. How to collect, dry, harvest branches and how to feed them rabbits.
There are also poisonous plants, the branches of which cannot be fed to fluffy pets. It:
- wild rosemary
- bird cherry,
- wolf's bast (wolfberry),
- sorbitan berries (buckthorn),
In stone trees and birch branches contains prussic acid, a high concentration of which can be dangerous for rabbits. Branches of these trees can be fed to rabbits rarely and little by little.
In the rabbit's food are not only the leaves and flowers of the plant, but its branches
Branches prepare for the future in the beginning of summer. To do this, cut thin, fresh twigs no longer than 0.5 m and no thicker than 0.5 cm, knit them into brooms with a diameter of about 10-12 cm and hang them in well ventilated areas for drying.
To prevent brooms from becoming moldy during storage, they should dry well
In winter, instead of greenery and dried branches, rabbits are given branches of coniferous trees. The needles are included in the diet of eared rodents gradually, as shown in the following table.
The period of adaptation of rabbits to the new feed
After 15-20 days of regular use, the needles of the rabbits are transferred to a normal diet, then the “coniferous menu” can be repeated anew. Consumption of pine needles increases the appetite of rabbits and contributes to their rapid growth.
Succulent feeds are products of plant origin with a high water content. They consist of roots, tubers, vegetables, silage and food industry waste.
Favorite succulent feeds of rabbits
In succulent feeds water takes from 65% to 90%, the rest is protein, fats and fiber. They are rich in vitamins, well digested and absorbed.
Succulent feed: useful properties and recommendations for feeding
- nutritional value
- vitamins of group E, C,
- improves wool
- vitamins of group B, C
- improves digestion
- improves wool
- increases feed digestibility
- high nutritional value
The diet of rabbits can include turnips, melons, radish, tuberiferous sunflower, watermelons and fodder turnips (turnips), but the nutritional value of these root crops and melons is low.
Carrots - the most beloved root vegetable in rabbits
Succulent feed can be put on the manufacture of rabbits silage, which improves digestion, has good taste and high nutritional value. Silage is prepared from tops, herbs, melons and gourds, vegetables and vegetable waste. This type of feed increases lactation in lactating rabbits and accelerates the development of babies.
Rabbits love not only fresh vegetables, but also silage made from them
Many people think that preparing silage for the future is a privilege of large farms. However, it can be easily prepared at home. Here is what you need:
- Prepare a spacious tank, for example, a wooden barrel or earthen pit, reinforced with wooden planks or cement.
- Take the necessary ingredients and cut into 1x1 cm sticks.
- Put the silo in the tank and tamp carefully.
- Isolate the container so that oxygen does not get into it.
- Leave the mat for 2 months.
Easily assimilated silage made from fresh grass, tops and vegetables
To increase the nutritional value of silage for fattening meat rabbits, they add mashed potatoes and legumes to it.
For concentrated feed characterized by high nutritional value and low content of fiber and water. These include:
- legumes (lentils, peas, soybeans, beans),
- cereals (corn, oats),
- wastes of industrial crops (bran, cake, meal, bagasse),
- animal feed (bone, blood meal, fish meal).
Popular Concentrated Feed
Feed concentrated type should be 30-40% of the diet of rabbits. Their use contributes to the intensive growth of animals and increased lactation in lactating rabbits.
General characteristics of concentrated feed for rabbits
Thus, the range of "allowed" feed for rabbits is quite wide. Now let's talk about what feed can harm the health of fluffy pets.
Poisonous plants and herbs
Some types of grass can cause a serious digestive upset in rabbits, and in some cases food poisoning. A novice farmer should know the list of these herbs and prevent their presence in the diet of their pets.
Herbs that can cause rabbits poisoning
- loose stools
- disorders of the heart,
- renal failure
- intensive salivation,
- loose stools
- low temperature,
- low pressure,
- slow breathing
- rare pulse
- loose stools
- intensive salivation
- low temperature,
- gas in the intestines
- loose stools
- intensive salivation
- intensive salivation,
- gas in the intestines
- restless behavior
- low temperature,
- hind limb failure
- restless behavior
- gases in the intestines
- lung failure
- heart failure,
- loose stools
- gas in the intestines
- loose stools
- staining urine in another color,
- frequent urination
- loose stools
- intensive salivation,
- gas in the intestines
- acute pain
- loose stools
- pain in the stomach
- loose stools
- slow heartbeat
- loose stools
- respiratory failure,
- intensive salivation,
- loose stools
- loose stools
Rabbits with their delicate digestive system should not be given plants and herbs collected along the roads. Exhaust fumes and dust, which is generously covered with this green, can provoke indigestion in rabbits. Partially neutralizing this problem will help pre-washing the grass in running water.
Conditionally allowed types of feed
Rabbits are unpretentious animals with an excellent appetite. But with apparent omnivorous, they are very sensitive to the content of the feed. Even among the vegetables, fruits, cereals and legumes that are familiar to rabbits, there are species that should be used with caution.
Vegetables. Everyone knows that rabbits love vegetables. However, some types of vegetables should be given to eared rodents in limited quantities, since their excessive consumption can lead to intestinal dysbiosis. These vegetables include:
- red cabbage,
- beet table,
- green potatoes.
Vegetables that can cause indigestion in rabbits
Fruits. Rabbits can be given fresh and dried apples and seedless pears. Dried fruits are categorized as conditionally permitted feeds, since they are treated with sulfur to increase the shelf life. Having eaten such dried fruits, rabbits will not die, but they will not benefit either.
But exotic fruits should be completely excluded from the diet of pets. They should not be given:
Fruits, which give rabbit undesirable
Cereals. Some crops, getting into the digestive system of rabbits, significantly increase the amount of mucus in the stomach, and at the same time do not bring any benefit to the animal. Other grains have too hard consistency, or contain little insoluble fiber, necessary to improve the bowels and high digestibility of the feed.
Here is a list of crops that will not benefit the animal:
Millet, rice, rye and millet should not be included in the diet of rabbits.
Legumes Some types of legumes can cause gas formation, bloating and severe pain in rabbits. The "forbidden" types of legumes include:
- black beans,
- red beans
- green pea.
Legumes that harm the rabbit's digestive system
Also, rabbits should not be given ready-made porridges and mashed peas, especially those boiled on milk with added sugar.
Milk products. Some inexperienced farmers feed their pets with milk and dairy products, justifying their actions by the fact that rabbits need protein for normal development. Protein is really necessary, but not animal, but vegetable, which is abundantly found in dry yellow peas and barley.
Milk and dairy products should not be given to rabbits even in the minimum amount.
Baking, sweets. If you treat your rabbits with cakes, sweet crackers, yeast bread, biscuits, crackers, ice cream or other sweets, then you will do them a disservice. Modern baking and sweets contain dyes, flavor enhancers, refined sugar, a large amount of fat and yeast - all this is harmful for rabbits and with regular consumption can cause obesity.
Do not give the rabbits baking, even if they are happy to eat it
If you decide to treat your pet with something delicious, buy special dry treats at the pet store. Such delicacies are harmless to eared babies and will not harm their health.
Feed. Rabbits with pleasure eat compound feed. Some breeders, wanting to quickly feed their flock, give animals feed for pigs and cattle. If pig feed does not harm the rabbits, then cattle feed contains a significant concentration of salts, which obviously will not go to crawls.
In no case give rabbit bird feed. They add crushed shell and small pebbles, the sharp edges of which are very dangerous for a tender rabbit stomach.
Potatoes in the diet of rabbits: “for” and “against”
Rabbit breeding specialists cannot unambiguously answer the question of whether potatoes can be added to the animals ration or not.
Potatoes reduce the cost of the rabbit diet
The following facts speak in favor of the tuberule steed:
- This inexpensive food product at times reduces the cost of the rabbit diet,
- Potatoes contain vitamins B and C,
- potatoes are rich in trace elements, in particular calcium, magnesium, potassium, iron and phosphorus.
On the other hand, raw potatoes bring no benefit to the rabbit. First, starch without prior heat treatment is not well absorbed by animals, provokes the appearance of gases in the intestine and indigestion. Secondly, raw potato causes obstruction of the milk ducts in rabbits who feed the babies. Therefore, raw potatoes and potato peelings cannot be classified as products useful for rabbits.
Potato peelings, like raw potatoes, have no place in the diet of rabbits
As for boiled potatoes, it consists of 20% of starch, from which the rabbits intensively gain weight. This property of a potato is successfully used by farmers when growing rabbits of meat breeds. Their main goal is to accelerate the growth of the animal and get a decent profit from the sale of rabbit meat.
But domestic rabbits, which are not raised for meat, potatoes should not be given. These rabbits are sedentary, so eating potatoes can lead to accelerated formation of subcutaneous fat, obesity and death of the pet.
- meat breed rabbits, which are fattening, to give up to 200 g of potatoes per day,
- give pets and general pets 50-70 grams of potatoes with a sedentary lifestyle and 80-10 grams with motor activity,
- from the diet of males and nursing rabbit potatoes should be excluded.
Pay attention: potato tops, even the most juicy and appetizing, cannot be fed to rabbits. It contains solanine - a toxic substance that can cause severe poisoning in animals.
Beet feed, dining, sugar: which can be given to rabbits, and which can not?
Three types of beet are widely used in Russia: fodder, table and sugar. Table beets are not suitable for feeding rabbits. Having eaten such beets, they can die.
Dining beet: exclude it from the diet of rabbits
Remember! Table beets, which we use to cook borscht, should not be included in the rabbit diet. It can cause serious damage to your pet's digestive system.
Feed beets are suitable for fattening meat rabbits
Whether it's fodder beet. One of its name - "feed" says that it is suitable for feeding animals. Being a juicy and nutritious product, fodder beets are suitable for fattening meat rabbits, feeding lactating bunnies and restoring the strength of weak and sick animals.
Sugar beet.Rabbits love it raw and cooked
But the most useful is sugar beet, which is well absorbed by rabbits. Such beetroot is dried, silage is made of it, given raw or boiled.
No less useful is the beet tops, which are offered to rabbits in a slightly dried (dried) condition. This plant has antiseptic properties.
Dried beet tops suitable for feeding rabbits
Beets can be prepared for future use. To do this, follow these steps:
- Harvest root crops.
- Fruits spread out under a canopy on a canvas or mesh.
- Go through the beets, remove the damaged areas.
- Place dried beets in storage in a cellar with an air temperature of at least 10-15 ° C.
In rabbits, who regularly eat this juicy root vegetable, the meat becomes very tasty, tender, soft and healthy.
Watermelon and other berries
To feed the rabbits, you can use watermelons and other berries, which are a valuable source of vitamins and trace elements. It should be borne in mind that:
- berries do not give as the main food, but as a feed,
- the pulp of the berries can cause gas formation in the rabbits in the intestines,
- in the process of eating berries in rabbits, the muzzle gets wet, and later dust and dirt stick to the wet wool.
Berries are not the main feed, but feeding, which must be given 1-2 times a week.
Berries are perishable products. Having fallen to the bottom of the cage, soft berries quickly rot and become covered with mold. If an animal finds such a berry and eats it, indigestion is provided for it.
Of the available berries can give rabbits raspberries, strawberries, watermelon, currants, gooseberries, wild rose, blueberries, sea buckthorn and very few grapes. In the cold season, rabbits are fed both dried and frozen berries.
Rabbits love berries, but when they eat, they strongly stain their faces with juice
Table of permitted berries for rabbits
Groats in the diet
Groats definitely need to be given, it is extremely useful even for baby rabbits. For the smallest, boiled millet is mixed with succulent fodder. For adults it is mixed with various grains. There are many useful cereals for the health of rabbits: rice, pearl barley, oatmeal and cereals, millet, rolled oats and others. Groats can be given whole or cook porridge and mash, then they are suitable even for small rabbits. Make sure the food is cooked, otherwise it can damage. By the way, barley grits are considered the most useful.
Is it possible to give barley to rabbits
Barley is very similar in composition to barley. But as a result of processing, it loses some of the nutrients. At the same time, croup remains extremely useful, especially for wool.
Nutritional value per 100 grams:
- Proteins - 9.9 per year
- Fat - 1.16 g
- Carbohydrates: - 62 g.
- Dietary fiber - 15 g.
- Ash - 1.1 g.
- Water - 10 g.
Nutritional value per 100 grams - 364 kcal. Groats are very useful due to the content of the following substances:
- Vitamins: A, E, K, and group B.
- Macronutrients: potassium, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium.
- Trace elements: copper, selenium, iron, zinc, manganese.
You can offer self-made blends with grains, or buy ready-made. Up to 40% of barley is a part of mash, the rest falls on other products. For rabbits under the age of 5 months, the content in the mixture does not exceed 20%. Selecting feed, make sure that the amount of cereals does not exceed 15% of the total mass.
Let's go back to the dosages. An adult rabbit is given 80 grams per day. During the mating period - 95, during pregnancy - 85. It is recommended to change the portion every day, that is, to give 60-95 g. In winter, one individual eats up to 180 g. Barley is given along with other products.
Is it possible to give oatmeal to rabbits
Oatmeal oatmeal is obtained by heat treatment of grain oats. Due to this, at high cost, nutritional value is somewhat lower than that of ordinary oats. Moreover, it is quite useful. Often given to rabbits to speed up weight gain. Add to the diet of young animals with problems of growth and weight gain. Make sure that the ornamental rabbit does not swallow the hercules, as this can lead to obesity.
You can give in a dry form or steam with boiling water for 5 minutes. Cooking is not recommended, because porridge loses nutrients and can damage.
Porridge oatmeal is recommended for young age up to 6 months. At an older age, it is better to refrain from feeding this product. For adults, a mixture of finely chopped raw carrots with oat-flakes will work best.
Like other new products, it is necessary to introduce into the diet gradually, so that the body gradually gets used to them. Begin with the minimum doses and in the absence of negative reactions gradually increase.
Types of feed for domestic rabbits
Before deciding what exactly can be given to rabbits, it is necessary to disassemble into which main groups the components of their diet are divided. At the same time, it should be understood that one type of food cannot be avoided, no matter how useful it can be considered. You should always make a diet of several different components. And the farmer may have to periodically change the composition of the portions. This has to be done in cases where animals need certain vitamins that are only available in certain foods.
Do not forget about the seasonal change of diet for rabbit livestock. For example, rabbits can be given (and should be given) green and succulent feed. But in winter, fresh grass is not available, and it has to be replaced with high-quality silage. Therefore, it is still recommended to learn the ensiling, because it will not be possible to manage with hay alone. There are several options for both winter and summer feeding. But first it is worth considering all those types of feed that are commonly used for fattening crawls:
- Grass and other similar green fodder. One should never forget that wild rabbits are meadow animals. And for normal life they need meadow and field herbs, as well as tops of cultivated plants. For example, you can give the rabbits mouse peas, coltsfoot, hogweed, clover or plantain. Still, they should be fed alfalfa, wormwood or nettle, but in some cases.
- Juicy food - do not confuse it with green mass. This includes a number of root vegetables and vegetables. It is worth noting that, contrary to popular belief, white cabbage does not always benefit these animals. If they become ill from cabbage stalks, it is better to remove them from the diet. Of the root vegetables worth noting carrots, fodder beet and Jerusalem artichoke.
- Do not forget about roughage. They will not form the basis of the diet, but without them the crawls will not feel very good themselves. This type of food includes straw, hay harvested from tops of legumes or cereals, woody branches, leaves and needles. All this is necessary in order to grind the teeth of animals and ensure normal digestion.
- Compound feeds and various grains. All this is sometimes called concentrated feed due to its high nutrient content. A large amount of such food will not benefit eared ears, but to speed up the fattening it should be used. It should be borne in mind that the use of such feed increases the cost of maintenance.
- Various food additives and waste from the table. Food waste should be used with caution, because if they began to rot or mold, they will become a dangerous poison. The same applies to ingestion of products unsuitable for rabbits. As for vitamins and minerals, they are given to animals as needed.
This is a general division that some farmers sometimes disagree with. For example, silage can be attributed to both green and succulent feed, depending on the composition and processing. Many more separately secrete vegetables with fruit as rabbit food, although the animals are usually given something that the site owner cannot use. Therefore, it can sometimes be considered another type of food waste. In any case, it is worth considering each of the groups, and decide what can be given out of it to the rabbits, and what cannot.
Juicy and nutritious rabbit feed
These feeds can not form the basis of the diet of animals, but they must necessarily enter it. Vegetables, fruits, roots and fruits of some wild plants are commonly used as such food. If we talk about root vegetables, the eared animals can be fattened with beets (beetroot is perfect for them), turnips, garlic, give them radish and carrots. But neither beetroot nor other root vegetables can match the Jerusalem artichoke. This root crop for rabbits as a kind of ambrosia. You just need to remember that this is an invasive plant.
Vegetables, these animals will like spinach, broccoli, corn cobs (you can give whole), zucchini and squash. It is also worth giving celery (both greens, and root crops), pea pods and tops, rhubarb garden, lettuce, phacelia and many other garden plants. Eared pets do not have the strongest health, but they are almost omnivorous in terms of cultivated plants. But still do not give them solanaceous culture. Potatoes can be boiled, and it is better not to use any such tops.
Fruits and berries for rabbits
With fruits and berries, the situation is the same as with vegetables. You can give the animals currants, viburnum, sea buckthorn, blueberries, mountain ash, and other similar berries. And from the fruit is added to the food quince, cherry, apples, pears, plums and even peaches. Some aesthetes feed their pets nectarine, pineapple, persimmon, orange, as well as the peel of these fruits. But the fruits themselves, and orange and banana skins are not always useful for animals. And give them, like other fruits, better in very limited quantities.
Interestingly, eared rabbit inhabitants gladly eat acorns and chestnuts, both in fresh and in dried form. You can vary the diet with these fruits in the summer, or prepare them for use in winter. During winter harvesting, acorns and chestnuts should be dried, finely crushed and then compressed into briquettes. Or it can be stored in the form of flour in bags. In the first month of life, small baby rabbits should not be given such food. But adult animals can eat them in small portions every day.
Exotic fruits and vegetables for rabbits
The first to get involved in unusual and expensive food owners of ornamental animals. Then this same hobby was picked up by some farmers, having decided that such products improve the quality of meat and fur. But this, unfortunately, is not true. For example, you can give the animals pomegranate, kiwi, citrus fruits and their waste (tangerine peel), dates or raisins. This group also includes peanuts, dried fruits (many give dried apricots) and various nuts. Harm these products do not bear, but the benefits of them are not too much.
The main disadvantage of using such feeds is their high cost. Even raspberries or strawberries should not be fed to animals, as well as feed them with apricots or peaches. After all, all these fruits are not so cheap, and feeding them to animals is a waste. A number of livestock breeders claim that such feeding improves meat quality. But they will never increase its price, except for some rare cases. This is what experienced breeders, who have long been engaged in breeding these animals, write about this on the forums:
“Some newbies seriously ask if you can feed citrus fruits, various fruits and berries from the vegetable garden to the rabbits. Or maybe they should be fed dried fruits (dried apricots or prunes) and nuts. And they motivate it by the fact that because of this diet, the quality of meat improves. Alas, this is a very controversial issue, even if it concerns adult healthy animals. And if it is given to a pregnant rabbit, or gets into the feed of rabbits, it can cause considerable harm. Therefore, raisins, peanuts or pineapples should be left to people. ”
Various concentrated feeds and cereals
There are many different croup that are allowed to feed eared pets. These include buckwheat, millet, pearl barley, rice, oatmeal and other similar products from the table. Cereals of rabbits should be fed in crushed form, and you can make porridge (the so-called mash). Kashi fit both small, growing animals, and adult livestock. For example, it goes very well in cooked oat-flakes or pasta. But undercooked food, or whole, not ground cereal crops, is by no means the case.
If we talk about grain, then many farmers are interested in the question whether sunflower seeds are possible for rabbits. In principle, it is the seeds that are rich in essential oils that can be given to animals not in crushed form. But hemp or hops (cones, stalks or leaf feed) is better not to use. They should not be given either to the little or to the big rabbit. But wheat, rape or millet is quite suitable as feed. But only in crushed form. Although millet adult animals consume and in whole form.
Of the grain is suitable not only wheat. You can feed with barley, make portions based on oats and a number of other cereals. But sorghum is better not to use for feeding - often the animals have problems with the intestines from such food. In principle, oats-based feeds are suitable for animals of any age. Swaged (not crushed) grain, boiled oatmeal or rolled oats are perfectly digested by eared pets. But you can not give it in fried form, or with sugar - rabbits react badly to sweets, as well as to fried foods.
Food mixes and dietary supplements
Concentrated and combined feed are often the basis for the diet of rabbits. But here the dosage and composition of the mixture is always important. It is very important to know what is and what is not in the composition of the feed, since the list of components is always available on the manufacturers website. And you need to understand that what can be eaten by rabbits also depends on their age. One feed is intended for rabbits who have not even turned a month, and the other mixture is given to adult animals. And they can not be confused with each other, otherwise there will be problems with the health of animals.
Although it is possible to give instead of some feeds manually prepared mixtures with a similar composition. But you should always make sure that in addition to dry food formulations there is clean water. And there should be a lot of water, because there is no such animal that could manage without it. The condition of the drinkers should be monitored with special attention to prevent clogging of the drink. And do not add salt to water, as it is sometimes recommended. Such an additive can cause considerable harm to the animal, if it is ill-conceived to use it.
And if we are already talking about mineral supplements, then it is necessary to mention that the rabbits need calcium, sodium and chlorine. But there is no need to give them chalk, table salt, or put lizunets in the rabbit. It is worth looking at the list of products containing these minerals. In particular, this list includes bone meal, wheat bran and a number of other products. For example, for these purposes they often give soybeans (pulp, meal, tops and fruits), or to the bean of other legumes. But the cottage cheese or cow's milk they can not be given. Rabbits can only mother's milk.
Products from the table
Some products from the table can be given to rabbits, provided that they do not start to rot, or become covered with mold. For example, you can feed them pieces of stale bread. But it is better to make bread crumbs, and give it already in this form. This also includes bread crusts, salad and peel of fruits and vegetables. But for the breadcrumbs need extra water. It is necessary to water the rabbits constantly, because the more they eat, the more they will need to drink. By the way, some owners prefer to add iodine and vitamins to water.
Of those products that cannot be crawled, it is worth mentioning mushrooms. Even some species that are harmless to humans can cause rabbits poisoning. And then you have to get the activated carbon from the first-aid kit, if it is there of course. Do not feed the rabbits and paper (and do not say that you can sharpen your teeth about it), chocolate, chicken eggs and avian fish oil. Domestic rabbits, they just do not like. Very often, those products that are designed for people can not be eared pets.
Green feeds for rabbits
This list includes various meadow grasses, tops of cultivated plants and the grass that is grown specifically for animals. It is green fodder that is often the basis of the diet of domestic rabbits, and is used both in summer and in winter. But in the winter they are usually replaced with silage. Silo is chopped, pressed and treated with preservative substances (for example, salt) green mass. The herbs themselves are divided into three main groups, according to the effects and areas of application:
- Edible herbs. This list includes the grass, which is the most difficult to harm the animal - except that he will move it. These include purslane, clover, oregano, arugula, St. John's wort, Ivan tea, chicory and woodlouse. They also enjoy eating schiritsu, plantain, herding bag, yarrow, chamomile, knotweed and white clover. Finally, they calmly consume field horsetail, sow thistle, colza, reed, sedge and rhubarb. But all these herbs are best given as a mixture.
- Conditionally edible and medicinal plants. В этот список иногда вносят пустырник, камыш и осоку. Еще сюда стоит внести лободу, бархатцы, сныть, пижму (дикая рябина), георгины и полынь. У большей части этих растений лучше удалять цветы, стрелки и корни. А для улучшения качества мяса перед забоем дают мяту, базилик, сельдерей, подкармливают шалфеем. Все это кролями можно есть, но в небольшом количестве.
- Несъедобные и ядовитые растения. These grasses and shrubs are best not to give the rabbits, under any circumstances. After all, even a single stalk can cause poisoning or disorder of the body. These include tulips (in particular, their bulbs), wild garlic, calendula, mustard, all buttercup and cornflowers. The common cocktail is also harmful and the yellow man is yellow. It is not necessary to feed celandine or fern. And from the bushes is not recommended lilac, and you should not give roses (in particular, their red flower).
It often happens that the same type of plant can be both harmful and useful. It's all about the dosage and method of processing. Another thing to take into account is the fact that any grass growing along the roads will be harmful to rabbits. Separately, it is worth mentioning the snow - do not melt it, and pour out rabbits with melt water. Such a drink, contrary to popular belief, does not have any benefit. It is necessary to disassemble some plants in more detail, in terms of their benefits or harm to the health of rabbits.
Varieties of wormwood
Bitter wormwood can cleanse the body of animals. In particular, it helps against various parasites that live in the digestive tract. This plant also stimulates the appetite, which is useful in accelerated fattening for meat. But is it possible for rabbits another wormwood, of a different kind? In principle, these animals can be given more wormwood, they are also able to digest it. All other varieties should be ignored, due to the risk of poisoning. And here you have to clean the stomachs of animals with potassium permanganate and activated carbon.
But even useful species of this plant should be used with great care. Here you can compare with the already mentioned pine, which benefits the rabbits, but in limited quantities. Excess wormwood does not cause constipation or diarrhea. Instead, it acts on rabbits as a causative agent of nervous activity. During the rut, it can cause unpleasant consequences.
Sowing herbs in the diet of rabbits
These plants are considered to be one of the main grasses recommended for fattening rabbit livestock. These include lupine (not alkaloid), clover and alfalfa. But these herbs alone should not be fed by eared pets. First, you should not give them in large quantities to young animals, as rabbits are not immediately able to digest, for example, lupine. Secondly, it is necessary to mow these plants in time, when they have not yet had time to become tough and tasteless for rabbits. Grass should be as soft and juicy as possible.
This should also be done because the crabs are not recommended ripe fruit of clover or alfalfa. Finally, when harvesting for the winter, these plants are used as feed only in the form of hay or silage. Although some farmers prefer to use these herbs exclusively in the summer. It is worth remembering that both clover and alfalfa are rich in nutrients, and their excess can cause intestinal problems and bloating.
The list of plants causing malaise in rabbits is very long and extensive. But most of the herbs that come in here belong to swampy and moisture-loving varieties. In particular, it is not necessary to feed the rabbits with celandine, euphorbia or ordinary buttercups. There are a number of exceptions, but it is better to use meadow plants as food, such as dandelions and chamomile. They are perfect as one of the parts of the diet eared pets. A fleshy marsh plants better to get round.
By drawing up the food supply for rabbits should be approached very carefully. Do not feed them with one type of food. It is desirable that the composition of the portions included green fodder, and coarse food, and a certain number of concentrates. And all this should be served not in a damaged form. Only then will animals quickly fatten and gain weight. And, of course, will remain healthy.
What should not be in the diet: prohibited foods
Because of the underdeveloped muscles of the stomach and the very long intestine, rabbits should always be provided with a sufficient amount of feed. Each new portion of food pushes through the intestines previously eaten. To avoid stagnation, the rabbit must constantly have something to eat. However, it is also impossible to overfeed animals, and if food often remains in the feeders, then the amount of food consumed should be reduced.Not every grass is good for rabbits.
Rabbit metabolism is very fast, so they eat a lot. But not every food is healthy. There are some products that can be extremely dangerous for them. So what can not feed the rabbits? Let's try to figure it out.
Vegetables and fruits
Rabbits are very fond of juicy food, which include vegetables and fruits. But they should not be more than a third of the daily diet. An excess of such feed can cause bloating, disruption of the stomach and intestines, and in some cases - the death of the animal.
With care give the rabbits in the winter dried vegetables. In the stomach, they swell, which is fraught with intestinal blockage. Do not give the rabbit boiled, fried or steamed vegetables.
Attention! It is categorically impossible to feed the rabbits with tomatoes, fresh red beetroot (with the exception of tops), new potatoes, onions, eggplants and red cabbage.
As for fruit, the choice is small. Rabbits can only offer dried apples and pears, in small quantities and not often. Moreover, it is better to dry them yourself, after removing the core. In no case can you feed the rabbits with any exotic fruit.Fresh berries should not be given to rabbits, they cause fermentation in the intestines.
In the diet of the rabbit must be present green feed of three types: medicinal herbs, meadow and garden. Freshly cut, wet grass should not be given.. Eating wet herbs can cause bloating, diarrhea. To avoid unpleasant consequences, it must be well dried and slightly dried. To do this, fresh weed, leave for several hours in a shady, well-ventilated place. If you cut the grass in dry weather, without dew and rain, you can do without drying. It is important to know what grass can not feed the rabbits.
So necessary for the health of the teeth and stomach branches, also must be chosen with caution. It is impossible to give animals the branches of wild rosemary, apricot, bird cherry, lupus and elderberry. Limit consumption of cherry and sweet cherry branches.
Poisonous and dangerous plants:
- horse sorrel
- wild radish
- lily of the valley,
- marsh horsetail
Attention! Even a small amount of these plants can cause vomiting, diarrhea, shortness of breath, arrhythmia, bloating, convulsions and death in a rabbit. They are especially dangerous for pregnant females and young rabbits.Poisonous plants lead to a quick and painful death of the animal.
Contrary to popular belief that milk protein is useful for animals, this is not the case with rabbits. Only suckling babies need milk before and after vaccination. And for adult rabbits milk, sour cream, cottage cheese and cheese is prohibited. Protein deficiency can easily be replenished with barley and dry yellow peas (in small quantities).
Legumes and grains
Grain crops constitute a significant part of the rabbit's diet, and legumes make up a little less. In no case should not give rice, sunflower seeds, millet, millet and rye. They will bring no benefit. This is a very solid food containing little fiber. If the rabbits eat little hay, which is placed in a cage (it can be easily made independently), then it is good to add a small amount of bran to the feed.The composition of hay should not be a lot of legumes.
From legumes will have to exclude beans (red and black), beans and young peas. Such food is fraught with bloating and indigestion. Never give the rabbits ready-made sweet cereals with milk and pea puree.
Sweets and pastries
Sweet crackers, crackers, biscuits, white bread, etc. are dangerous to the health of rabbits (ordinary and decorative). You can occasionally indulge your homemade fluffy pets with special dry treats. For ordinary rabbits and they are banned. Eating too much salt, sugar and fat can lead to tragic consequences.
The menu of decorative rabbits is not too different from the usual diet of meat rabbits. The list of prohibited foods can be supplemented with nuts, chips, ice cream, candy, sausage or meat, and any cereal flakes. These products, which are extremely dangerous for them, can cause the premature death of pets. Rabbits should not eat food from the human table. All fat, fried, spicy and smoked is excluded.White fresh bread should not be given to rabbits.
What to look for
Food for rabbits should be not only correct and useful, but also quality. Making a menu for a rabbit must take into account several important factors:
- Stale food. Any food, whether grass or vegetables, must be fresh. Do not feed rabbits with rotten, moldy grass or silage, frozen and dirty root vegetables. All food must be clean and fresh. Even a small speck of mold on the grass or branch can lead to sad consequences. Do not give the animals straw. The exception is only a small amount of oatmeal or pea.
- Feed for other animals. Rabbits should not be given food intended for cats, hamsters, chinchillas, rats or birds. They contain very few nutrients, especially calcium and fiber. Such foods can cause swelling of internal organs, obesity and other troubles. It is not recommended to offer the rabbit treats from the store (cereal mixtures, muesli, etc.). They can lead to serious malfunctions of the digestive system.
If the rabbit nutrition is balanced, includes all the necessary types of feed, then it does not need additional vitamin and mineral supplements. Special vitamin complexes, for example, Chiktonik, can be given to rabbits only in winter. And that, only when necessary. If the wool has faded and has fallen, the appetite has worsened - this is the reason to resort to vitamin preparations.
Often, some rabbit breeders give their animals salt blocks or add a small amount of salt to their food. This is not worth doing. Excess salt can be bad for health. It is important to remember that a rabbit should eat at least 400 kg of grass and about 100 kg of hay over the summer. And in addition to them, add grain and juicy food.
The video discusses the question: is it possible to give bread to rabbits? ”