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What threatens to meet with cow parsnip - emergency help with a burn

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Psychologist, Ecophacilitator, Supervisor Mediator. Specialist from the website b17.ru

- August 14, 2013, 16:30

The author, these spots especially can not be removed. Two or three years will pass by themselves. My sister had a burn with a hogweed too, and I had a burn from a jellyfish. And there, and there - a chemical burn.

- August 14, 2013, 16:33

My leg after jellyfish also looks awesome beautiful. At first she was crying, but now she calmed down. I was told that only time will help. I went to several doctors, and my sister was a pharmacist.

- August 14, 2013 16:41

I, too, the jellyfish burned that the truth only a few years later the stain will pass?

- August 14, 2013 16:46

What a nightmare, I heard a lot about hogweed, it grows everywhere with us, and how did you manage to burn yourself? Did you tear it up or did you just touch it? We just walk with the children and they tear the flowers, I'm afraid I’ll touch this dangerous plant.

- August 14, 2013, 16:54

I've had three years passed

- August 14, 2013 16:57

I, too, the jellyfish burned that the truth only a few years later the stain will pass?

Well, looking burned. I have quite a severe burn, at first the itch was terrible. Then swelled red stripes. Now it does not itch, the redness has gone, the stripes have turned brown. All the doctors to whom she went, unequivocally said that such traces would finally pass in 2-3 years. How hard you are to say. Maybe the burn is not strong. My son, fortunately, no trace. The first day it was scratched, and then passed. But it was burned by a small jellyfish, and I was big.

- August 14, 2013, 17:04

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- August 14, 2013, 20:45

The burn from the Hogweed is not chemical in any way, but closer to burning in the sun. Substances from the juice increase the sensitivity of the skin to light, so you can carry an anti-tanning cream with high SFP. You can burn yourself just by taking the stem in your hands. Well, after the burn it remains only to wait until the normal structure of the skin is restored, because these spots are blood vessels located too close to the surface.

- 14 August 2013, 22:09

What a nightmare, I heard a lot about hogweed, it grows everywhere with us, and how did you manage to burn yourself? Did you tear it up or did you just touch it? We just walk with the children and they tear the flowers, I'm afraid I’ll touch this dangerous plant.

Simply touch the hand. And nothing is felt. That is, in general. Well, napimer, p nettles are touched and pricked, but there is nothing at all. Manifested for 2-4 days. Suddenly there is redness and blisters are poured, as if you were scalded with boiling water. Itching may begin, but I almost did not have it. As I read, they treat it like a normal burn panthenol and all that. In the early spring, a burn may not be (I read it this way, but I did not experiment on myself), but in general in spring, young hogweed is even eaten (but I have not met such insane people). I burned on my own garden plot, where the hogweed with imported black soil was delivered in due time. Since then, we can not withdraw it. Than just did not try, and all kinds of roundup and dug up the root, but it still grows. Smaller, of course, but still I hid somewhere and still I hurt.

What is dangerous plant

Plant height reaches 4 meters, stem diameter at the root collar is 10 cm. It tolerates frost calmly down to -5 C. It has enormous seed productivity, up to 50,000 seeds are formed on one plant.

The leaves of the plants of the Hogweed contain furanocoumarins, which increase the sensitivity of the skin to sunlight, namely to ultraviolet, and cause burns, even through heavy clothing. The severity of burns depends on the individual characteristics of the human body.

Hogweed is most dangerous on wet and overcast days, much more than in clear weather, since many furanocoumarins accumulate in the leaves of plants. The same process occurs during the flowering period.

Symptoms of poisoning

At first, people do not experience unpleasant sensations, and only after some time there are burns of varying severity, often accompanied by a deterioration of the general condition and an increase in temperature.

  • redness, itching, blisters,
  • headache and muscle aches, weakness,
  • ulcers appear on the blistering site over time,
  • dizziness, fainting.

IMPORTANT! It is dangerous to be in the bushel bush because essential oils inhaled by a person can cause dizziness, fainting.

Emergency care at home

What to do when there are obvious symptoms of hogric acid juice poisoning.

Interesting! Sosnovsky's hogweed is an artificially bred species. During the heyday of agriculture in the USSR, it was supposed to use hogweed as a silage crop, as well as for fencing along the edges of roads and pastures. However, it turned out that the furanocoumarins possessing estrogenic activity remained in the green mass even after ensiling, their overabundance led to a violation of cattle lactation, infertility and miscarriages. And also because of the antiseptic properties of furanocoumarins, milk was poorly fermented. Therefore, this culture has ceased to grow purposefully.

For more information about the poisonous properties of Hogweed tells the video for this article.

What is a hogweed, and how he got to us

Hogweed (Latin name - Herácléum) - representative of a separate genus of umbrella family (more than 60 species). Hogweed plantbiennial (sometimes perennial) plant, blooms only once. Stem ribbed, hollow, purple, from 1.5 to 3 m tall.

Yellow-green trifoliate leaves have a length of up to 1.5 m. The inflorescences (umbrellas) in diameter reach 80 cm. One plant has from 80 to 100 thousand white or pink flowers (bloom in July-August). Seeds ripen from July to September, remain viable for two to three years. The root system is pivotal.

Among horshevikov there are non-poisonous plants (Siberian, dissected, shaggy, etc.) and poisonous (Montegazzi, Sosnovsky). Did you know?The Roman scholar Pliny called him Hercules due to the rapid growth of shoots and for its size (stems from 3 to 6 m high were recorded). The Russian name comes from the word “borsch” (in the 16th century, this word meant something jagged). Among the plants of this genus are edible - Siberian hogweed. It was from it that a dish was cooked, which got the name borsch because of its main ingredient (with time the hogweed took the place of beets and other vegetables). In Western Europe, hogweed is called "Bear Paw." The most common in our zone was hogweed Sosnovsky (in honor of the scientist who studied this plant in the Caucasus). Distinctive features of the plant:

  • unpretentious, frost-resistant, differs in big survivability,
  • due to self-seeding, it strongly litters the fields,
  • contains furocoumarins,
  • has a sharp and unpleasant smell
  • likes moist soils
  • great honey plant
  • inhibits all other plants.

What is the danger of Hogweed?

The hogweed of Sosnovsky is dangerous for both people and plants. The danger lies in the accumulation of active furocoumarins and essential oils in all parts of the plant.

Did you know?Hogweed Sosnovsky in the USSR since the 1940s was actively cultivated as silage culture. Despite the fact that the plant gave a bitter taste to milk and meat, the experiments were completed (abandoned) only during the period of perestroika.

Consequences for humans can be:

    Burns Hogweed juice causes a sharp vulnerability of the human body to ultraviolet rays. The greatest burns (up to 3 degrees) the juice causes in bright sun, falling on wet skin, penetrating even through matter.

The affected areas redden, itch, the skin swells, blisters appear (often merge into one). Deep defeat threatens with dark pigmentation, scars and scars.

Burns can occur as soon as the juice gets on the skin, or it can appear after 1-2 days. If you do not take action in time - there are headache, nausea, dizziness (up to loss of consciousness).

Especially vulnerable are old people, children, blondes and red-haired people. Much also depends on the sensitivity of the skin,

  • Allergy. Essential oils can cause allergic reactions (sneezing, coughing, rashes, tearing, in the worst cases - laryngeal edema),
  • Blindness when getting juice in the eyes.
  • Consequences for plants:

    • the juice with essential oils remains in the stems of the hogweed, infiltrates the soil and inhibits the germination of plants of other species, providing its own seeds with nutrients,
    • tall stems with wide leaves do not leave sunlight to competitors (catch up to 80% of light).

    First aid for burns

    If the juice of hogweed got on your skin, you must:

    1. Clean the affected area with plenty of water (if possible - with laundry soap).
    2. Dab the damaged area of ​​skin with vodka, cologne, furatsilina or manganese.
    3. Treat with panthenol.
    4. Limit sun exposure.
    5. Go to the doctor.

    Important!For large lesions, blistering or juice falling into the eyes and mucous membranes - you should immediately consult a doctor. It is not recommended to apply dressings to a burn with a hogweed, the treatment is prescribed as with burns.

    If a small area of ​​skin has suffered, and you are far from home, you need to hold the affected place under running water for about 20 minutes, then cover the burn with a thick cloth from the sun and go home immediately, with a large lesion area - to the hospital.

    Precautions when working with hogweed

    It is necessary to fight parshevik in compliance with safety rules. Hogweed is a dangerous rival, and before you start to fight with it, you need to take care of the appropriate equipment:

    • waterproof suit with a hood,
    • rubber gloves and boots,
    • protective glasses,
    • respirator.

    It is best to deal with hogweed in June, when there is no heat (and inflorescences). In July - August, it is better to work in a special suit early in the morning or in the evening, when there is no heat. Mow, trim - in cloudy weather or at high humidity.

    Important!When fighting with cow parsnip, wearing gloves made of cloth is not recommended, because the sap of the plant (and even dew from it) will soak the cloth and harm you. You can get burned and through a shirt, t-shirt and other woven items.

    How to cope with cow parsnip at the dacha, how to fight

    With regular care of the dacha or garden, finding a young sprout of hogweed, it can be easily neutralized. If the garden is running, and thickets of this plant were formed, the struggle will not be so easy.

    Do not delay - hogweed will actively multiply and occupy new spaces.

    How to deal with the Hogweed, we will tell many years of experience gardeners and summer residents.

    Pruning buds

    Fighting cow parsnip at a small dacha by cutting the buds is the best way. Capturing the trunk with a rubber glove hand, you need to cut the buds and flowers of the central umbrella.

    Do the same with umbrellas of the second order (if available) - cut them under the base. Depriving the plant flowering, you get rid of hundreds of thousands of seeds.

    This method has disadvantages:

    • most dangerous. When pruning, juice and dew can splash or drop on the head, face, hands,
    • in the presence of large thickets requires a lot of effort.

    Burning plant

    If the time of flowering was missed and the seeds are tied, use an effective method - burn the plants together with the seeds when they mature. Tightening should not be done either - the seeds should not ripen in the central umbrella.

    Removal of the Hogweed by this method requires maximum observance of precautions:

    • gently pour kerosene or gasoline on umbrellas with seeds,
    • set fire in windless weather and be prepared if the flame starts to move to other plants (have a spade, water),
    • burning essential oils will cause acrid smoke that can be poisoned (to have respirators, gas masks),
    • be protected from getting hogweed juice on the skin.

    Plowing and weeding

    In early spring, dumping plowing will help to cope with hiberovatting winters. If the surviving plants begin to grow from the roots - repeat the plowing. In the autumn, plowing against hogweed is contraindicated - the remaining seeds will fall into the ground and germinate.

    You can go to the "hunt" with a shovel for the young shoots of hogweed. To cut down the shoots should be below the point of growth (5-10 cm below the root collar). Weeding every 3 to 4 weeks (hogweed throw shoots in the spring and summer) also gives a good result.

    Mowing bears fruit only before the flowering of the plant (used when the hogweed is extensive). All mowed stalks are burned in heaps.

    Modern agrotechnical actions, such as covering film, artificial turf, etc., will help get rid of hogweed at the site:

    • in the spring, cover the entire area affected by hogweed with a black film, press down with a load and leave until June. The lack of light and the greenhouse effect will destroy the plants. In June, the film to remove and plow the area
    • in the spring, mow weeds on a plot, spread out a geopolit, sprinkle fresh earth (5 cm) and plant lawn grass.

    Did you know?The natural enemy of a hogweed is the horstewed or umbrella moth. Moth larvae gnaw through the trunks of plants, fall into the inflorescences along the trunks and devour the flowers before they bloom.

    Herbicides from Hogweed

    Another popular answer to the question of how to remove a hogweed from a plot is herbicides. Apply herbicides:

    • spraying (Roundup, Tornado, etc). It is necessary to use drugs from emergence of shoots of a hogweed until the flowering period (later it will be late). For the Hogweed, double the concentration of herbicides should be used (the plant is very tenacious). For 14 days you need to do two treatments
    • graft. It is done in the stem of the hogweed (arboricide), in the stump of the stalk (vinegar, any herbicide) - for single plants,
    • individual treatment with glyphosate herbicides. The solution is applied to the leaves with a paint brush (up to 80% of the plant area). 100% result is combined with a minimum of risk of harm to surrounding cultivated plants.

    Important!During spraying with herbicides, the preparations should fall into leaf rosettes and umbrella inflorescences.

    Hogweed in the country, which can not be done categorically

    When destroying a hogweed at the dacha, it’s absolutely impossible:

    • to mow the plants after flowering - there will be no effect, and at this time there is the greatest probability of getting burns from splashing juice,
    • mowing after seed ripening - the seeds will scatter around,
    • leave mowed plants dry. Seeds will be able to "reach" and give offspring. Mowed plants - burn,
    • neglect security measures.

    How are burns formed?

    Juice on the skin under the influence of ultraviolet rays enhances its pigmentation, which leads to the formation of the strongest dermatitis. Marked by extreme pain and prolonged healing of such burns.

    If the juice splashed profusely (for example, if the stem of the plant was cut or torn off), blisters filled with liquid are formed. They heal for a long time, while the effects of the burn with a hogweed are the remaining ulcers, spots and scars.

    The plant is particularly dangerous during the flowering period, which falls on all summer months. The chance of burns increases on sunny days. Young weeds are not dangerous, so they are recommended to mow at a “young” age.

    There are cases when a person does not notice that he touched a hogweed (for example, on an overcast day). Symptoms can develop even after 2 days, if previously UV rays did not get on the skin. On average, if the day is sunny, the symptoms appear within 30 min. -1.5 hours after contact with the plant.

    Signs of Burning Poisonous Weed

    After a burn with a Hogweed, the following symptoms appear:

    1. Redness of the affected area of ​​the body, burning and itching. In the place of contact with the weed there is a strong and sharp pain.
    2. Blistering with serous contents. There may be several blisters that differ in size.
    3. With a strong lesion, signs of hyperthermia appear - the body temperature rises, a headache occurs.

    On average, burns from hogweed heal for about 3 months. After them there are dark spots that persist on the body for several years.

    First aid measures

    First aid for burn borshevik:

    1. Wash thoroughly with water, the place of contact of the skin with the plant (including areas of probable contact), using soap. If the bubbles have already begun to appear, then wet them is not recommended.
    2. Treat damaged skin with alcohol solution (potassium permanganate / furatsilina). They dry and defat the skin, which weakens the degree of damage.
    3. Lubricate the place of contact with the plant with special means or creams against burns (for example, "Panthenol"). Apply them in a plentiful layer, leaving time for full absorption.
    4. Hide damaged areas of the body from sunlight (for example, wear thick clothing that hides inflammation). Try to avoid exposure to the sun for the next 48 hours.
    5. Take antihistamine (antiallergic) drugs. Weed in 70% of cases causes allergies (especially in children), and contact with it can provoke general and local reactions.

    What you can not do if the burn poisonous borshevik appeared on your body? Запрещается самостоятельно вскрывать волдыри, вне зависимости от их размера.Such actions can lead to infection of the body and slow down the processes of tissue regeneration.

    It is impossible to apply clay or earth to dermatitis, make lotions from urine or milk, wipe with fat. These methods will not stop the inflammatory processes, but will increase the likelihood of infection.

    Stages of burns

    Hogweed grass burns manifest in several stages:

    1. Inflammation. The affected area becomes red and swollen, blisters appear, open wounds may form. The main thing at this stage is to prevent the infection from getting into the wound. For these purposes, it is recommended to use decoctions (for example, decoction of oak bark).
    2. Regeneration. Recovery stage (the longest). Consequences of burns with hogweed - major scars and scars. To reduce their size and speed up healing, it is recommended to use special ointments (for example, with silver ions).
    3. Epithelization. The final healing of the tissue, the formation of a new, "young" skin. It is important to prevent it from being re-injured.

    Eliminating the effects of burns with hogweed will allow timely, comprehensive and effective treatment of the affected skin.

    Complete treatment instructions

    How to treat burns from plants? After providing first aid, you should consult a professional doctor! According to the results of the examination, he will prescribe antibacterial drugs, ointments and creams.

    In what cases you can not do without medical care?

    • the burn area exceeds the size of your palm,
    • inflammations appear on the face, genitals, mucous tissues,
    • blisters containing blood and pus are formed on the affected area,
    • nausea and vomiting are observed, the body temperature rises strongly.

    Before an examination by a doctor (for example, if a person is taken to a hospital if necessary), it is important for the victim to provide plenty of drink. If there is severe pain, give an anesthetic. Be sure to remember the name of the medicine, then to inform the doctor.

    General recommendations

    How and what to treat burns from Hogweed? If the blisters are small, it is better not to touch them - just put on a dry aseptic dressing. To make it, you will need 2-3 layers of sterile gauze.

    It is important that the bandage covers not only the wound, but also the surrounding skin area (3-4 cm in any direction). The bottom layer of aseptic dressings - cotton (for example, cotton swabs).

    Garter must be changed once a day. When getting wet, you will need to change it immediately. If only the upper part of the garter gets wet, then it can be smeared with iodine tincture and fixed with an additional layer of gauze.

    What to do with hogweed burns, if the blisters continue to grow in size and with them the upper layers of the skin exfoliate? It is recommended to consult a doctor for opening bubbles in sterile conditions. After this procedure, do not touch the “tire” of the blisters, but apply a bandage with a wound healing agent (for example, Levomekol cream).

    Why it is impossible to open bubbles independently? Dalmaceae in them contains poisonous juice of hogweed, which is rejected by the skin. If you just incise the blister and wash it, the burning substances will get into the areas of unaffected skin, causing further spread of dermatitis.

    Furatsilinovy ​​solution

    What is the treatment of burns from plants after the removal of blood? Regularly make water lotions from furatsilina or manganese for skin degreasing.

    Recipe solution from furatsilina:

    1. Expand 2-3 tablets of furatsilin to a powder, put the contents into a glass.
    2. Fill the yellow powder with warm or hot water at the rate of 100 ml of water per tablet.
    3. Mix thoroughly the composition until complete dissolution of the particles, it is not necessary to filter the solution.
    4. Boil it over low heat for about 30 minutes, then pour it into a sterile container and allow it to cool completely.
    5. Prepare a gauze bandage (2-3 layers), wet it with a solution of furatsilina and apply on the damaged area.

    Each time it is recommended to prepare a fresh solution of furatsilina. If there is no time for its preparation, then short-term storage of the composition in the refrigerator is allowed (provided that the container is tightly closed). Before applying the remedy for burns with a hogweed must be slightly heated.

    Oak bark decoction

    Treatment of burns from cow parsnip at home is recommended by imposing lotions with a decoction of oak bark.

    Recipe for decorating oak bark:

    1. A few tablespoons of dry oak bark (3-4 tbsp. L.) Must be poured with hot boiled water.
    2. The resulting composition in the continuation of 20-25 minutes must be heated in a water bath (but not on an open fire!).
    3. Strain the prepared solution, carefully squeezing the thick of the oak bark, then add another ½ cup of warm boiled water.

    The resulting decoction before use must be heated. You can store it in the refrigerator, but not more than 2 days.

    Lavender essential oil

    Home treatment for burns with hogweed can be carried out using lavender essential oil. Its molecules have a simple structure, which allows them to easily pass through even inflamed skin.

    In case of burns from hogweed, it is recommended to lubricate the affected area with undiluted lavender oil - it can be carefully poured directly onto inflammation. To achieve a greater effect, you can make a lotion (cold water + essential oil).

    It is necessary to change this dressing every 2 hours. When the burn begins to heal (after 2-3 weeks) you can make compresses from a mixture of oils (any vegetable oil + lavender).

    An effective remedy for burns from hogweed - natural lotion, prepared according to the following recipe:

    1. 1 cup of olive oil should be mixed with ½ cup of vinegar, then add 1 tsp. iodine alcohol solution 5%.
    2. To the resulting composition add 10-12 drops of lavender essential oil and mix thoroughly.
    3. Soak a cotton swab in the prepared lotion, gently lubricate the affected skin with it.

    If you know that a hogweed grows in a dacha and the probability of getting burns is high, then carry a small tube with essential oil with you. So, you can quickly treat the damaged area, not allowing a strong inflammation.

    Sea buckthorn oil

    Considering the means for burns with hogger, it is necessary to allocate sea buckthorn oil. It is sold in pharmacies, its price starts from 35 rubles. and above (depending on the volume and manufacturer).

    Help with burns of buckthorn oil from sea buckthorn oil:

    • removes redness
    • soothes the skin
    • softens and moisturizes.

    However, it can not be used immediately after contact with the plant! Initially, it is necessary to wash the damaged area with soap and water and treat with a degreasing or drying solution.

    Method of application to relieve the symptoms of burns with a cow parsnip: soak a cotton pad in sea buckthorn oil, gently wipe the damaged skin area with it. If the inflammation is too large in area or touch causes pain, then apply to the burn paper napkin, previously soaked in sea buckthorn oil.

    General information

    Some varieties of hogweed are cultivated for the production of silage. There are species that are used in herbal medicine due to its medicinal properties. There is also a decorative hogweed used in landscape design for landscaping sites. However, it is necessary to take into account the fact that some plant varieties are very poisonous and contact with them causes severe burns.

    To grow this extraordinary culture, maybe even a novice gardener, the main thing is to choose the right variety for it and provide it with the necessary conditions for growth and development. Only in this case, the culture will delight with its luxurious bright green leaf plates throughout the summer season.

    Varieties and species of hogweed

    Hogweed Sosnovsky - is a herbaceous perennial, growing in the Caucasus. The plant reaches a height of about three meters. It has powerful branching shoots, forming a large shrub. The leaf plates are light green, large, reaching up to one and a half meters in length. The inflorescences are large, umbrella-shaped, white or light pink. The flowering time of the plant falls on July. The culture is poisonous and when in contact with it there are severe burns that can be fatal.

    Siberian Hogweed - is a branched biennial, reaching a height of 120 centimeters with pinnate, dark green large foliage. Inflorescence yellow-green shade of medium size. Plant blooms from June to August. Culture is not poisonous and has decorative properties.

    Hogweed Ordinary - is a herbaceous perennial plant, having weakly pubescent stems, reaching up to 2.5 meters in height. Bladed leaf plates with long petioles and five lobes. They are quite large and have a bright green tint. Inflorescences are umbrella, large, white shade. This variety is poisonous and causes severe burns.

    Hogweed Mantegazzi - is a giant fast-growing culture, reaching a height of 6 meters. Leaf plates pinnatisfied, large, dark green. In length, they grow to 3 meters. Inflorescences are umbrella, white shade. Hogweed blooms from July to August. The plant of this variety is poisonous and causes serious burns. In many countries, it is destroyed as a dangerous weed.

    Hogweed Dissected

    It is a grassy perennial belonging to the umbrella family, reaching up to 2 meters in height. Rhizome large, ribbed stem with stiff hairs. The leaf plates are large, dark green, basal, trifoliate. Inflorescences are umbrella, white shade. The homeland of culture is Siberia and the Far East.

    Hogweed Edible - is a large perennial, growing in Europe and Asia. The leaf plates are large, pinnately cut dark green. The culture reaches a height of up to 2 meters and has a thick, slightly pubescent stem. The plant is not poisonous and has medicinal properties. The inflorescences are large, umbrella-like white. Horshevik blooms at the end of summer.

    Hogweed woolly - is a herbaceous biennial plant, reaching a height of 150 centimeters. The shoots are thick, rounded, grooved. Leaf plates are oval or rounded, dark green with silvery fibers. Inflorescences are white, umbrella, medium size.

    Hogweed persian - is a herbaceous perennial plant, reaching a height of 5 meters. Leaf culture plates are dark green, large, growing up to 3 meters in diameter. The inflorescences are large, umbrella, white shade. Oriental countries are considered the birthplace of culture. The hogweed of this variety is poisonous and can cause burns if it comes into contact with it.

    Hogweed planting and care in the open field

    Hogweed is quite unpretentious and tenacious plant. He is not picky about the place and composition of the soil. Care culture is minimal. But if you grow on the site of its decorative form, then take care of it will need more thoroughly.

    Hogweed very quickly grows in any territory, so it is unpretentious to the place of its location. It can grow on a sunny bed or on a fully shaded one. If the plant is grown as an ornamental crop, plant it should be where it will look aesthetically, regardless of lighting.

    The Hogweed is also unpretentious to temperatures, it endures both severe frosts and intense heat. For this reason, it does not need special and thorough preparation for winter. Humidity indicators also do not matter for culture. Hogweed feels fine in both wet and dry soil.

    It is planted in the fall, before winter, so that the seeds pass through a natural stratification, into a carefully dug bed. For seed planting, garden soil must be mixed with compost, loosen and make small holes. After sowing seed, it should be sprinkled with earth and left until spring.

    In the spring, as the threat of frost passes, the first shoots will begin to appear, which should be thinned out, leaving more distance between the plants, taking into account the fact that they grow strongly and have large leafy plates.

    Astrantia is also a member of the Umbrella family. Grown when planting and care in the open field without much hassle, subject to agricultural practices. All the necessary recommendations can be found in this article.

    Watering the Hogweed

    Rapid growth of the culture will be observed in well-moistened soil. However, if the Hogweed pereuvlazhnit, pests and fungal diseases will begin to appear. For this reason, do not allow gulf plants.

    Water the plant should be as needed, and after watering be sure to loosen the soil and remove the weeds.

    Soil for cow parsnip

    The earth can be absolutely any, but it is better if it is fertile, loose and breathable. To prepare the optimal soil for the plant, you should mix garden soil, compost and peat or sand, which will act as a drainage.

    After the bed is ready, you can begin to sow the seeds.

    Hogweed Transplant

    Replant culture is not necessary. It can perfectly grow for a long time on the same bed.

    If you want to update the plant, it is easier to remove old borsheviki and plant new ones.

    Fertilizer for cow parsnip

    Hogweed can not feed. However, if the soil is depleted, and the gardener wants to quickly get a lush crop, you can apply fertilizer once a season.

    Top dressing should be carried out in the spring, making a complex mineral fertilizer or a mullein diluted in water under the bushes.

    Hogweed Blossom

    Hogweed blooms from July to August. Its inflorescences have the appearance of large umbrellas of white, pinkish or yellowish hue, depending on the variety of the crop. Flowers have a light sweetish aroma.

    After flowering seeds form, which can be used for reproduction.

    Pruning Hogweed

    In itself, pruning culture does not need.

    To maintain its decorative appearance, it is necessary to remove dried leaf plates and inflorescences after flowering, in order to prevent self-seeding.

    Preparing hogweed for winter

    The plant does not require any special preparation for winter. It does not need to be sheltered, as it tolerates even extreme cold.

    The only thing that a gardener should do is to trim the trunk and shoots flush with the ground so that the plant with the arrival of spring, could be updated and become even more magnificent than before.

    Breeding hogweed seeds

    Culture is propagated by self-seeding. Seeds quickly sprout and grow. They can be collected and sown plants forcibly. The collection of seed material is carried out in the fall, and then immediately sown in the ground before the start of the first frost.

    When sowing seeds in spring, they should be stratified. Young plant blooms only in the second year after planting. At one place it grows to eight years, after which it loses its decorative effect and begins to dry out.

    How to get rid of the Hogweed on the plot

    The most effective way to get rid of the plant is pruning inflorescences in the period of tying the buds and the beginning of flowering. Thus, it is possible to quickly destroy the culture in a small area. But this method is dangerous because it often causes burns, because during cutting the plant sap reaches the skin, which is dangerous with its aggressive composition.

    It is necessary to cut buds, inflorescences and green fruits that are not yet developed. It is necessary to cut off the central umbrella inflorescence and first-order umbrella inflorescences. Umbrellas belonging to the second order, when they are formed, must be removed under the base. Trimming should be done with gloves and closed clothing.

    Hogweed can also be fought with different herbicidal formulations. It is necessary to process the hogweed from the beginning of its regrowth after winter and always before flowering. If the crop is processed when the seeds begin to ripen, then it will not give the desired effect.

    Frequent and intensive herbicidal treatment will affect only generative cultures, and only from the moment of development of the shoots to the beginning of the flowering period. In other periods of plant development, without taking into account the vegetation of the young hogweed, it will not be possible to get a significant effect from the treatment.

    Diseases and pests

    This plant is minimally affected by diseases and pests. However, at bay, a hogweed can get powdery mildew. To eliminate it, the culture must be treated with the drug "Fitoverm", spreading it according to the instructions on the package.

    Also, when overmoistening the soil, the plant can attack the weevil. To destroy the pest should be used insecticide "Decis". Other diseases and pests of culture are not terrible.

    Hogweed useful properties and contraindications

    Traditional medicine practically does not use preparations made from the extract of a hogweed, but it is actively used in traditional medicine. This culture is rich in alkaloids, tannins, resins, trace elements, furocoumarin, carotene, flavonoids, glutamine, sugars, arginine, fiber and vitamins.

    В гомеопатии активно используются корневища и плоды, в которые входят эфирные масла и витамин C. Сок борщевика помогает бороться с гнойными ранами, язвами и астмой. Корни применяются при заболевании печени и псориатических поражениях.

    Согласно исследованиям, борщевик влияет на продуцирование тестостерона у мужчин и уничтожает грибки. The plant has antispasmodic and sedative effect, so it is used for diseases of the central nervous system. In addition, it has hemostatic and choleretic action.

    Hogweed decoction

    A decoction of Hogweed helps to deal with toothache, fever and inflammatory processes in the lymphatic system. Tincture of the plant eliminates flatulence, diarrhea and has a healing effect for gastroenteritis. Hogweed leaves are applied to bruises to avoid puffiness, and also used as compresses for arthritis.

    Medicinal decoction of leaf plates is added to the bathroom for scabies, and also taken orally for female diseases, tumor processes, lymphadenitis, and as hemostatic agents. Broths of dried leaves are advised to drink to women with sexual coldness.

    A decoction of the fruit is a choleretic agent. It is also used for purulent and inflammatory aetiology ailments and kidney problems. Borshevik root tincture is used in oncology, epilepsy, diarrhea, depression and spastic pain. Water infusion of leaf plates of a plant is used to improve metabolic processes, correct the work of the gastrointestinal tract and sedatives.

    Hogweed tincture

    The most common remedy based on the roots of hogweed is tincture, which helps with many diseases. For its preparation it is necessary to take 2 tbsp. spoon chopped dry root of the plant and pour it with 0.5 liters of boiled water. Then the mixture is left to infuse for eight hours, after which it is squeezed and filtered.

    The tincture is taken 50 drops 4 times a day, twenty minutes before a meal, as an antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory and regenerating agent for gastroenteritis and flatulence.

    Use the plant, you can not people who have problems with the cardiovascular system, allergies, hypertensive patients, ulcers, children and expectant mothers.

    Burn hogweed treatment at home

    When the plant juice comes in contact with the skin, itching, irritation, fever and headache appear. Very often there are burns that turn into ulcers, which heal for a long time and leave strong scars.

    To avoid such serious consequences, the place of ingestion of hogweed juice should be immediately washed with water and apply syntomycin emulsion, then covered with a bandage. Place a burn must be hidden from the sun.

    To relieve itching, you can drink an antihistamine or make lotions from strong tea on the damaged area.

    What is this plant

    Hogweed grows in many regions not only in Russia, but also in all CIS countries. Every year it grows to gigantic proportions and, like an invader, extends to new territories. It multiplies so quickly that people do not have time to uproot and destroy it. Some do not even know how dangerous the grass is. Burns that cause this plant can provoke such a strong intoxication of the body that a person is in intensive care.

    The parsley shoots, its leaves and fruits contain a large amount of essential oil. It also contains furanocoumarins - hazardous substances that increase sensitivity to ultraviolet radiation. Therefore, if you touch it, you can severely burn yourself. A person receives especially strong injuries on sunny weather on hot days during the flowering of the plant. And then the question arises of how to treat burns from the Hogweed. There are several remedies. It all depends on the duration of the contact and the degree of injury.

    How does a burn occur

    Human skin will be affected if he, while touching the plant, was in the sun. Injury does not appear immediately: from several hours to several days. The most dangerous thing is that the victim does not feel anything when in contact, he calmly goes home, goes about his business and does not suspect that the irreversible process in the body is already running.

    The action of the Hogweed is so strong that the burn can be obtained even through matter. Therefore, before sunbathing, carefully inspect the ground: if this plant grows there, do not confuse it with ordinary harmless burdocks. If you are careless, then injury is caused to you by the components of hogweed, you are guaranteed. This is usually a second-degree burn in the form of blisters filled with fluid. It is necessary to immediately take the necessary measures - independently or after going to a doctor. In any case, how to treat burns from the Hogweed, every doctor knows. Much worse if you have an allergic reaction to this plant. The pollen in this case causes swelling of the larynx, the person may simply suffocate. Therefore, if you are allergic, hogweed is better to bypass the tenth expensive.

    Main symptoms

    After visiting a forest or river, the first thing you should pay attention to is redness on the skin. If they are, then, most likely, there was contact with the Hogweed. Perhaps this area of ​​the epidermis just rubbed clothes or you lay it on the grass. But reinsuring does not hurt, so you do not wrestle with how to treat burns from Hogweed.

    Therefore, if in addition to redness there is still an itch, it is better to take measures to avoid unpleasant consequences. If this is not done, then after some time bubbles will jump out - this is a signal that the burn is more severe than expected. These blisters heal for a very long time. Sometimes it takes about 3-4 months to get the effect of the treatment. If more than 80 percent of the skin is affected, the person may die. Hogweed is very dangerous for children because of their delicate skin. At risk are also people with allergies and redheads who are most susceptible to the sun. Therefore, be careful. For clarity, look in the medical encyclopedia how terrible the injuries that a hogweed leaves. Photos, burns on them and comments of the victims will be forever imprinted in the mind. And, perhaps, in the future they will protect you from danger.

    First aid

    If you notice that you have touched a hogweed, immediately stop contact with the plant. If redness appears, rinse the affected area thoroughly. You can keep it under running cool water for 20-30 minutes. Then close the burn with a thick cloth for several hours so that the sun's rays do not fall on the skin. There will be enough time to get home or to the nearest pharmacy.

    Then apply on the reddened epidermis thick soap solution. Hold for a while and wash off with vodka or ordinary water. Blot the napkin with furatsilina solution and apply on the skin. After a few hours, make a lotion from the infusion of oak bark, black tea, or root burns and put it on the body. Repeat the procedure every 2-3 hours until the burn dries out and the inflammatory process stops. This is the first aid that you must provide yourself in this situation. Remedies for burned hogweed of national origin will help with not too much damage to the skin.

    Drug treatment

    Sometimes the wounds after contact with the plant are very deep, and a simple soap solution does not help here. What to do with a borshevik burn, if there are a lot of big blisters? Of course, run to the hospital for qualified help.

    Usually, doctors prescribe activated carbon. It should be taken three times a day, five tablets before meals. The drug "Doxycycline", which has an antibacterial effect, you need to take one tablet twice a day. Use Fukortsin ointment or other anti-burn remedies in the morning and evening on the affected area. If itching is very severe, prescribe a tool "Chloroquine." Creams containing hormones will also help in the treatment of severe damage. In addition, drink vitamins, especially A and E, which have a beneficial effect on the skin, its recovery. If the burn is very deep and causes severe pain, the doctor prescribes an anesthetic gel or a drug in capsules. The main thing - to comply with the instructions of physicians and take the entire course of treatment from A to Z.

    other methods

    There are other tools, instructions for which will tell in detail how to treat burns from hogweed. They can be used as a separate unit or as an addition to another course of treatment. For example, a very good healing effect in practice shows zinc ointment, which is composed of petroleum jelly.

    Some victims speak well of the homeopathic drug "Tsindol", which is able to create a shell around the wound and prevent further damage to the epidermis. Such ointments are applied several times a day until the pain disappears and until the skin is completely restored. Lavender oil also helps. It has effective healing, disinfecting and reconstituting properties.

    If none of the above did not bring the desired result, how to treat the hogweed burn, doctors will prompt. Most likely, they will offer in the hospital to open the bubbles and draw out the poisoning organism. After this, the “plaque” of the dried blister need not be removed. The skin is covered with an antibacterial dressing, which is periodically changed until complete recovery.

    Borshevik: the effects of burns and allergic reactions

    They can be very different. It is worth remembering that if the skin lesion was too deep, then dark spots appear at the blistering site. Pigmentation is also possible if urgent measures are not taken: do not provide first aid and do not cover the burn from the sun. In very severe cases, this plant can leave marks in the form of scars and scars that cannot be resorbed and even cannot always be removed surgically.

    If you have allergies to the Hogweed, the consequences are even worse. The reaction may appear in the form of a rash, and in the form of tearing, coughing and sneezing. In this case, you just need to leave the place where the hogweed grows. If the larynx swells when inhaled pollen, there is a greater risk of death. Therefore, in the most dangerous period of flowering plants (from July to September), wear antiallergic drugs with you, which you prescribed by your doctor and who absolutely help to eliminate anaphylactic shock.

    Prevention

    To avoid becoming a victim of Hogweed, you need to be careful and cautious. Examine the appearance of this plant to accurately distinguish it from others. When you are in nature in the immediate vicinity of the danger, it is better not to climb the bushes, but to walk on trodden paths. Before choosing this or that place for a picnic, examine the ground: even if there are absolutely young shoots of the hogweed, immediately leave from there. Choose another glade, let it be less beautiful and picturesque, but more secure.

    Wear thick clothes in the forest and on the river. Let her cover most of her body whenever possible. If it is very hot, choose a lightweight tracksuit, it will at least partially save you from defeat and soften the attack of the plant. Wear sunglasses, your eyes will be protected from the ingress of pollen, which can also cause burns to the mucous membrane of the optic organ. Remember that the prevention process is much easier and painless than a long painful treatment and getting rid of the effects of burns.

    Effective folk recipes

    If the burn is obtained with a Hogweed, home treatment can be carried out according to popular recipes. Below for you are the best options for ointments, lotions, decoctions and lotions.

    For their preparation only natural ingredients are used. The effectiveness and safety of formulations tested by time. The following remedies for burns with hogweed can be used to treat children and adults.

    It is recommended for the treatment of blistering inflammation if there is no open wound.

    To prepare the ointment will need:

    • egg yolk,
    • spoon of vegetable oil (can be replaced by olive),
    • 2 tbsp. l sour cream.

    The listed ingredients are mixed, the resulting ointment with a thick layer is applied to the damaged area, on top of it is covered with bandage or gauze.

    The best help for hogweed burns with a large lesion area can be used if you have closed blisters.

    For cooking you will need:

    • Hypericum flowers (50 g),
    • linseed oil (100 ml).

    Flowers should be infused for 3 days in the dark, then the medium is filtered. The bandage is wetted in oil and applied to the damaged area as a compress for 5-6 hours. If there are no blisters, then the burn can be simply lubricated 3-4 times a day.

    The ointment is great for daily use - easy to prepare and effective to use.

    For cooking you will need:

    Whip these ingredients, you get an ointment that you can use every day. It is recommended to leave it under a gauze dressing for 1.5-2 hours, changing the compress to a new one.

    If the area of ​​contact with the plant has started to inflame or has been additionally damaged (for example, when trying to remove the blood by itself), it is recommended to prepare an ointment for grass burns based on propolis. It has a disinfecting effect and reduces inflammation.

    For cooking you will need:

    • propolis (10 g),
    • vegetable oil (2 tbsp.).

    The ingredients are thoroughly mixed, then heated in a water bath until a homogeneous mass. A rich layer of ointment is applied to the affected skin, a sterile bandage or gauze is applied on top, it is recommended to leave the dressing for 10-12 hours.

    What is the treatment for grass burns if edemas are manifested? If the damaged skin began to swell, then it is recommended to treat it with a special ointment to relieve swelling.

    For cooking you will need:

    • pure beeswax (50 g),
    • unsalted butter (50 g).

    Mix the listed ingredients, heat in a water bath until a homogeneous mass is formed. After the ointment has cooled, add one raw chicken egg to it and mix again.

    Put the product on a bandage and apply to the affected area. Leave the dressing for 10-12 hours, after removing, treat the burn with furatsilina solution.

    The classic "gruel", has long been used to relieve the effects of sunburn, recommended for use in severe pain.

    For cooking you will need:

    • ground raw potatoes
    • ground cucumber.

    Both ingredients or one of them can be used simultaneously. "Gruel" is superimposed on the damaged area for 25-30 minutes. It reduces local body temperature, relieving pain and itching.

    Effective relief for burns with a hogweed - a mask on a part of the body that has been in contact with a poisonous plant. It will not only remove redness, but also moisturize the skin, speeding up the process of regeneration.

    For cooking you will need:

    • kefir,
    • alternative - sour cream, sour milk.

    Apply to the burn (if there is no open wound!) And remains until completely absorbed.

    A cool bath with the addition of chamomile decoction has a calming effect on the skin, relieving pain and stopping further inflammation.

    To prepare chamomile decoction you will need:

    • dried chamomile (100 g),
    • cold water (2 l).

    Fill the chamomile with water and leave for 15-30 minutes to make it true. Boil the mixture in a closed container for 15 minutes and allow it to cool completely. Strain the broth and add it to the bath.

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