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We get acquainted with the beneficial properties of bergamot: description, essential oil, application

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When it comes to bergamot, remember the famous Earl Gray tea. Bergamot aromatic essential oil is used to make it and give citrus flavor to tea. Get it from the processed peel of the fruit of the bergamot tree. Bergamot is called the flower of Monarda.

This medicinal plant is an excellent honey plant. It contains a huge amount of essential oils and nutrients. The flower has an amazing taste. Its leaves exude a pleasant lemon-mint flavor, which has a complete resemblance to the aroma of bergamot fruits. Thanks to this analogy, the monard was called the “garden bergamot”.

Garden bergamot has a lot of amazing properties. In South America, the miraculous monard was considered "Indian medicine", curing many ailments. How to use the plant in our homeland, and how to use it for medicinal purposes, consider next.

Natural composition

The beneficial properties of the miraculous plant were discovered by the Indians. Bergamot was used to heal wounds, burns, snake bites and insects. Infusion of leaves of bergamot washed the oral cavity to eliminate toothache. Medicinal properties of herbs bergamot due to the huge amount of nutrients that make up.

The chemical composition of the grass is represented by:

  • vitamins - C, B1, B2,
  • antioxidants
  • essential oils
  • retinoids,
  • phenols (imol, carvacrol, p-cymol),
  • Sabinen,
  • cineol,
  • lemongrass
  • myrcene.

Bergamot is rich in thymol - a substance with a powerful antiseptic and analgesic effect. Thymol is an excellent disinfectant, anesthetic. It has a sharp specific aroma and a tart taste.

Also medicinal decoctions are used to treat infectious and inflammatory processes on the skin. For information on how bergamot is used at the present time, and what properties of this plant have been identified, we will consider further.

Benefit for health

Monarda-bergamot has amazing properties. This plant contains a lot of nutrients, which makes the application particularly beneficial to health. The fragrance of the flower repels insects, perfectly invigorates and increases the overall tone of the body. Its properties are similar to thyme herb.

The healing properties of garden herbs are very extensive. Health benefits of bergamot:

  • It has a tonic effect.
  • Reduces blood glucose levels.
  • Bergamot tea is indicated for type 2 diabetes.
  • Normalizes the menstrual cycle.
  • It is an excellent antidepressant.
  • Used to prevent colds, flu, ARVI, bronchitis, sore throats and sinusitis.

The use of bergamot in the form of teas and infusions is especially useful during the rehabilitation period after operations, chemotherapy and various serious diseases.

Garden bergamot is effectively consumed as decoctions or infusions during the ICP period. It eliminates unpleasant symptoms and improves the standing of the body.

Bergamot monarda is effective in treating respiratory diseases. Tea with leaves of grass has an expectorant effect, effectively dilutes sputum, removing from the bronchi.

Grass bergamot is a fairly strong antiseptic. Due to its antiseptic effect, it is used to produce anti-inflammatory anti-infective drugs.

Bergamot monarda is an excellent medicine in the fight against stress, neurosis and depression. Pleasant, spicy aroma soothes the nervous system, provides a good mood. Tea with bergamot perfectly balances the emotional state.

The benefits of bergamot is in its constituent retinoids - substances that, like vitamin A, strengthen the hair structure, and also improve the condition of the skin and nails.

Bergamot application

Europe, the bergamot monard became known only in the 20th century. The plant was brought from South America and gained wide popularity due to the similarity of taste and aromatic qualities with the fruits of the bergamot tree (artificially crossed with orange and citron).

The tea industry uses in the production of leaves of the Monarda (garden bergamot) and essential aromatic oil of the fruit of the bergamot tree.

Bergamot was chosen by gardeners and landscape decorators. They use the flower as a decoration of gardens and various natural landscapes.

The high content of esters in bergamot, allowed to use it for the production of useful essential oil. It is used mainly in pharmacology, aromatherapy and cosmetology. Cosmetic companies use this component in the composition of masks for skin and hair care.

Bergamot has found use in cooking. Fresh leaves of the plant are used in food, adding as a spice to salads, soups and meat dishes.

In folk medicine, bergamot herb and essential oil are used for therapeutic and prophylactic purposes. Also used for the preparation of healthy teas, medicinal infusions and decoctions.

Cooking butter

Homemade aromatic essential oil will be different from the pharmacy, made by special technology (by cold ferry). But self-cooked product is very healthy. It retains nutrients and flavor, despite the heat treatment.

Bergamot plant essential oil is recommended for patients who have undergone chemotherapy.

To cook properly bergamot herb essential oil at home, follow the steps described in the recipe:

  • Plucked during flowering leaves and flowers chopped.
  • Fill with olive oil, observing the proportion of 1:10.
  • Then mix the mixture and boil in a water bath (low heat) for two hours.
  • After time, let the oil cool, then carefully filter it out.
  • Next, pour the product into an airtight glass container and store it in a cool dark place.

Monarda Aromatic Oil is the only essential aromatic product that protects the body from radiation. This makes the application particularly effective in radiation sickness. During radiotherapy, bergamot oil is recommended to be taken in a small course.

Folk remedies with bergamot oil

Bergamot herb essential oil is very helpful. It is used to treat various infections and diseases, including skin diseases. Its properties have a positive effect on the skin of the face and hands and is suitable for use in masks for hair.

With urinary infections for men and women, it is recommended to add 2-3 drops of aromatic oil to teas. It is recommended to use them 3-5 times a day.

With colds You need to mix 3-4 drops of essential oil in a glass of warm water. With a strong head cold, it is recommended to bury this mixture in the sinuses for three days. When coughing and sore throat with the same solution, in a warm form, you can gargle several times a day.

For insomnia help therapeutic, relaxing baths. To do this, one tablespoon of bergamot oil should be added to a warm bath. The procedure should last no more than 15-20 minutes. Water temperature is 37-39 degrees.

With headache bergamot oil is rubbed into the temples, similar to lavender oil and tea tree. With fungal infections skin a few drops of aroma oil rubbed into the infected skin. Carry out the procedure twice a day, a course of seven to ten days.

Bergamot oil is also used in aromatherapy. It is used to disinfect the premises and clean the air from germs and bacteria. Also, bergamot oil is added to creams and skin care products. Baths are sometimes added as an antiseptic and relaxing oil.

General description of the plant

Bergamot, from lat. Citrus bergamia, is an evergreen tree of the Citrus genus, bred as a result of the crossing of species of the orange family (kinto) and citron (tsedrat). The fruits of the tree in common are called "bitter orange."

The name of the plant was given by the locality where this plant was first cultivated for the first time - in the northern part of Italy, the city of Bergamo. In the history of the "bitter orange" there are some discrepancies.

Thus, according to one of the versions, its name comes from the name of the pear of the variety “Bergamot”, to which the fruits are similar in shape and color. Another version says that Christopher Columbus from the Canary Islands brought the fruit to Europe. What is true and what is false is unknown.

The tree loves heat, so it prefers to grow in a subtropical climate with high humidity, but with proper care and maintenance of optimal conditions, it is well taken root in our climate. Under natural conditions, bergamot trees grow along the Ionian coast of Italy, but with great success they are also grown in the USA, Brazil, France, Greece and Africa. Widespread use in various fields of activity began in the 18th century in flavoring cosmetics of the time.

Officially, the “bitter orange” was first used as a tea flavoring agent in Great Britain in 1892, and the reason was a banal desire to hide the poor quality of tea.

The tree is distinguished by a constant high level of fruiting, but does not possess frost resistance. This species is often attributed to the plant of the genus Monarda, which is also distinguished by the fragrant citrus scent, but there is no true relationship between these plants.

Useful material

The main value of "bitter orange" brings the essential oil, obtained by cold pressing from the rind of the fruit of the tree. Essential oil has a complex chemical composition. Its composition contains substances responsible for the smell:

  • limonene - 59%,
  • linalyl acetate - 16.8%,
  • linaool - 9.5%,
  • bergaptol, geraniol, citral and others - 14.7%.

These components of "bitter orange" characterize its use not only as a perfume, but also as a product with biologically active substances that determine healing properties.

Medicinal properties

“Bitter orange” due to the active substances contained in it has medicinal properties and is widely used in traditional medicine recipes. Natural substances contained in it have a lot of healing properties, and volatile substances produced by the plant - phytoncides - show their activity against viruses, bacteria and fungi. Therefore, during the cold season “bitter orange” is an additional protection of the body:

  • local irritating action of phytoncides in the composition relieves headaches and relieves pains in migraines, this property is also effective in other conditions associated with pain,
  • phytoncides help reduce temperatures and have high efficacy in febrile conditions,
  • being an antiseptic and natural antibiotic, “bitter orange” is effective in treating diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT), kidneys and liver,
  • antiseptic properties are beneficially displayed on the human circulatory system, cleansing the blood from excess cholesterol, which subsequently leads to the normalization of pressure,
  • local irritating effect is also useful in the treatment of cough or bronchitis,

    normalizing the work of the digestive tract, "bitter orange" speeds up the metabolism, which is especially useful for people with overweight, this property helps to improve appetite,

    The rich and complex chemical composition of “bitter orange” makes its use effective in many diseases, so medical treatment together with the use of oil in traditional medicine recipes guarantees success in achieving recovery.

    Cosmetology

    Maximum reveals its qualities bergamot oil when used in the field of cosmetology. In this area, the use of oil is permissible in “pure” form or as part of cosmetics.

    The use of oil in “pure” form is permissible and effective:

    • in cosmetology when carrying out cosmetic procedures using aromatic blends,
    • in conducting a course of massage in the composition of oil aromatic blends.
    Penetrating deep into the skin, "bitter orange" nourishes and restores the skin, improves elasticity and contributes to the preservation of its youth. Normalizing the work of the sebaceous glands, it contributes to the narrowing of the pores and reducing the manifestations of oily skin, and kinship with citrus contributes to its effectiveness in combating cellulite.

    The presence of bergamot oil in the composition of cosmetics is associated not only with its active chemical composition, but also with a remarkable aroma, giving a citrus touch to cosmetics.

    The ability of "bitter orange" to influence the work of the sebaceous glands contributes to its addition to cosmetics for care:

    • for hair (shampoos, balms, masks),
    • for face skin (scrubs, lotions, tonics, creams),
    • for body skin (scrubs, creams),
    • on the skin of hands (balms, creams).

    At home, the use of bergamot oil is also possible in the preparation of masks for the face or hair. Their preparation is simple and does not require special conditions for application, and recipes are easy to find in magazines or on the Internet.

    In cooking, the use of "bitter orange" is a rare phenomenon, and it is used mainly in the preparation of desserts. Use in cooking requires fresh fruit, but this fruit does not grow in our latitudes, and its conditional inedibility makes the supply of fruit to the country unprofitable.

    In countries where the “bitter orange” grows, jams, marmalade, candied fruits are made from it. It can also be found as an ingredient in condiments for salads or meat dishes. But its main “purpose” is tea flavoring. By conveying his citrus flavor to tea, he energizes and adds energy to the person who consumes it.

    Psychology

    The use of bergamot oil in psychology is dictated by the ability of bergamot oil to increase the threshold of nervous sensitivity and calm the nervous system.

    Psychologists advise to use oil in conducting aromatherapy sessions:

    • add to the water when taking baths
    • add to aromalampy.

    The use of bergamot as non-traditional methods of psychotherapy is associated with its influence on brain activity, namely:

    • with high mental loads and high rhythm of life,
    • to relieve fatigue and invigorate,
    • as an alternative way to combat depression.

    Bergamot oil helps to restore the nervous system without the use of drugs.

    What are the harm and contraindications

    Despite the benefits, “bitter orange” has some contraindications and can cause harm to the body.

    Contraindications:

    • individual intolerance to substances in the composition of the oil, the usual test on a small area of ​​skin, carried out in 24 hours, will help eliminate allergies
    • taking antibiotics and antiviral drugs
    • people suffering from insomnia
    • children under 12 years old.

    The effect of bergamot on the body of a pregnant woman has not been fully studied, therefore, it is necessary to use oil with caution during pregnancy, after warning the harm caused (for example, allergy). The use of oil in the summer can also cause harm.

    Substances furocoumarins in oil cause a tendency to pigmentation, so it is not recommended to use bergamot oil in the warm season before going out or before visiting the solarium.

    How to choose tea

    Observations of scientists helped to establish that tea flavored with bergamot, normalizes not only the psychological state, but also tones the brain activity. A cup of tea with bergamot gives vigor and freshness, relieves fatigue and improves immunity. Choosing tea with bergamot is not difficult. To date, the range of tea with bergamot is quite wide, and price categories are able to satisfy every customer.

    Bergamot is most compatible with black tea, and it is represented by such well-known trademarks: Alokozay, Ahmad Tea, Bastek Earl Gray, Betford Earl Gray, Greenfield, Milton Earl Gray Classic, Qualitea. Aromatization of green tea is also found and is represented by trademarks: Grace, The Tao of Tea, Hyson, Riston, etc.

    The choice of tea is primarily influenced by the price category. It is no secret that in premium tea (for example, Betford Earl Gray) the likelihood of adding real bergamot zest is higher than in low-priced tea.

    Moreover, the content of bergamot zest must be indicated in the composition on the packaging, the taste of this tea will be higher than that of cheap tea flavored with bergamot. Therefore, when choosing such a tea, you must first of all be guided by financial possibilities.

    Bergamot or “bitter orange” is an exotic fruit of the citrus genus. The rich composition allows using it in various fields of activity, but, unfortunately, it is impossible to meet him in our latitudes.

    The use of oil based on it is quite accessible to everyone, the content of nutrients in it is no less than in the fruit itself, and the benefits to the body are great. But the most popular teas with its addition. Black tea with bergamot is a classic English tea that brings vigor and a positive attitude.

    Tea with garden bergamot

    When it comes to bergamot tea, we recall Earl Gray, which contains fruit from the fruit of the bergamot tree. Однако, в некоторых странах в приготовлении чая применяют именно монарду.

    Чайная трапеза почти не отличается от традиционной:

    • Черный листовой чай заваривают.
    • Добавляют несколько цветков монарды.
    • Used in both dried and fresh.
    • In addition to the inflorescences add a few green leaves to enhance the taste of the drink.

    Bergamot tea prepared in this way has a pleasant citrus lemon-mint flavor reminiscent of Earl Gray. This drink is incredibly healthy.

    Tea with garden bergamot normalizes blood pressure, improves cardiac activity and the nervous system.

    This drink fights depression and bad mood. Bergamot tea is recommended to use to increase the protective functions of the body during colds.

    Bergamot tea is an excellent tool for improving the cardiovascular system. It improves lipid metabolism and normalizes cholesterol levels in the blood, therefore it is recommended for people suffering from atherosclerosis.

    Therapeutic use

    Bergamot due to its medicinal properties is especially valued in alternative medicine. Monarda gained wide popularity due to regenerating, antimicrobial, hemostatic, immunostimulating and anti-inflammatory effects.

    For medicinal purposes, all parts of the plant are used: inflorescences, leaves and stems.

    For healing wounds and burns take a few fresh leaves of garden bergamot and chop them so that the juice is formed. We treat the damaged skin areas several times a day with fresh, fragrant juice: wounds, burns, insect bites.

    Fractures you need to grind dried or fresh grass of bergamot. Next, follow the step by step recipe:

    • 2 tbsp. l from the obtained medicinal raw materials poured into a glass container.
    • Pour one liter of boiling water.
    • Close the lid and let it brew for half an hour.
    • Then strain the infusion.
    • Drink ¼ cup three times a day.

    Also medicinal infusion is used as lotions and compresses, applying to sore spots.

    For the treatment of salmonellosis We take two tablespoons of bergamot herb and steam them in two glasses of boiling water. Let it brew for two hours, then filter. Drink one glass 4-5 times in 24 hours.

    With colds decoction of garden bergamot gargle. For this, 2-3 art. l leaves and buds pour one liter of water and boil on a water bath for 10 minutes. When cooled, filtered and in the form of heat used for rinsing the mouth. The procedure should be carried out 4-5 times a day. It is also recommended to use hot decoction as inhalation.

    For respiratory diseases (asthma, pneumonia, tuberculosis) prepare a decoction. Three tablespoons of bergamot brewed in a liter of boiling water and insist 2-3 hours. Then drink 100 ml 2-3 times a day.

    For the treatment of the above diseases recommend the use of bergamot inhalations. In a pot of hot water, add 5-10 drops of bergamot essential oil, cover with a towel and inhale the vapors by mouth. The procedure usually lasts 10-15 minutes.

    Contraindications

    Despite the fact that the herb bergamot is very useful for the body, if used improperly and without observing safety measures, it can be harmful to health in the form of various adverse reactions.

    Main contraindications:

    • pregnancy and lactation,
    • susceptibility to allergic reactions
    • increased pressure (hypertension),
    • gastric and duodenal ulcer,
    • individual intolerance,
    • not recommended for children under 12 years old.

    Bergamot contains thymol, which can in some cases harm the body. This component is contraindicated in:

    • ulcer and erosions of the gastrointestinal tract,
    • heart failure
    • in diseases of the liver and kidneys, etc.

    Collecting and harvesting

    If the evergreen bergamot tree due to climatic conditions is not available for cultivation in our latitudes, the grassy bergamot monard is adapted to the conditions of the Russian climate. The plant is unpretentiously and calmly take root in the garden of any gardener.

    For medicinal purposes, garden bergamot is harvested during the flowering period. At this time, the leaves and stems contain the maximum amount of essential substances and are especially fragrant. In the same period, the collection of inflorescences. They are cut at a level of 20 cm from the ground, then dried well.

    Drying of raw materials takes place under a special shed. Herbs are spread on a paper surface and mixed periodically to eliminate the rotting process. After the raw material is dried, it is crushed and placed in linen bags or glass container.

    Garden bergamot is a great alternative to the bergamot tree. The herb has a bright citrus flavor, reminiscent of both lemon, lemon balm and orange zest, and a spicy aroma. It is good for health and is available for growing at home.

    In medicine

    The substance bergapten contained in bergamot oil is used in the treatment of vitiligo and nesting baldness. Bergamot is often used for skin diseases such as eczema, acne, psoriasis, ulcers, herpes. Bergamot oil is a powerful antiseptic, it can also help our immunity to cope with a viral or other infection. Solutions based on bergamot promote digestion, have a soothing and anti-spasmodic effect. To clean oily skin and remove age spots, they drink bergamot teas. Bergamot raises the tone, helping to relieve fatigue and stress.

    Along with chamomile, sandalwood and tea tree oil, due to its anti-inflammatory properties, bergamot is an excellent adjuvant for cystitis and urethritis. In addition, people suffering from chronic diseases of the genitourinary system, often feel depressed and anxious. Very often, nervous tension provokes new attacks, and the deterioration of the condition leads to even greater depression. Reception of funds based on bergamot relieves tension, feelings of depression and at the same time fights the disease. You can drink tea with bergamot, drink oil inside (2 drops of bergamot oil 2 times a day) or use it externally, applying 3-7 drops of bergamot oil dissolved in 10 g of massage oil to the inflamed area. Bergamot oil best of all prevents the spread of infection in the early stages and it can also be added to the water when taking a bath (5 drops of oil mixed with 1 tablespoon of salt and dissolved in water) or used for scrubbing.

    Bergamot has a positive effect on the nervous and circulatory systems, as well as being a natural aphrodisiac, it increases male potency.

    Contraindications and side effects

    Bergamot oil is a potent enough agent that can harm a person if used improperly. So, people with sensitive sleep, it is not recommended to drink strong tea with bergamot at night. Undesirable effects of bergamot-based products are possible with citrus allergies. Also, do not use bergamot oil or cosmetics based on it, being under the influence of direct sunlight.

    In cooking

    In Sicily in Syracuse, Italian food maker "Caffe Sicilia" produces marmalade, in which bergamot fruit is used as the main ingredient. In Greece, bergamot peel is popular. Bergamot essential oil goes to the perfume of such teas as Earl Gray and Lady Gray.

    In other areas

    Bergamot skins are used in aromatherapy to treat mild mental disorders, such as depression and to improve digestion. According to some studies, the smell of bergamot promotes concentration. In chronic fatigue syndrome, stress, and depression, it is good to wear aroma-mildews - it is enough to pour 1-2 drops of oil in them, as well as to use aroma lamps — 3-7 drops can be poured into them.

    Bergamot oil is used to enrich, impart antimicrobial properties and fragrances to cosmetic products (creams, lotions, tonic). At home for this you should add 1-2 drops of bergamot oil per 10 g of cream. In addition, the furocoumarins contained in bergamot oil have a strong photosensitizing effect, which contributes to the rapid pigmentation of the skin.

    Application in gardening

    Bergamot can be grown in apartments and country garden plots. The bright pink flowers of the tree are very beautiful and have a strong, pleasant smell.

    Botanical description

    Bergamot is an evergreen citrus tree, with a height of two to ten meters with branches, on which grow long, sharp spines up to 10 cm in length. Leathery, ovate-oblong or elliptical, alternate, petiolate leaves, acuminate, green at the top, shiny, lighter below, lighter, slightly toothed, wavy.

    Flowers of bergamot have a strong pleasant smell, they are bisexual, large, single or collected in a few-flowered axillary bunches, white or purple. The fruit of bergamot is spherical or pear-shaped, with a thick three-layer shell and in a section similar to an orange. The formula of the flower of bergamot * CH4-5L4-5T10-∞P (5-∞). The flesh of the fruit, consisting of a series of easily split segments, contains few seeds inside and has a pleasant sour taste. Blossoms in March - April. The fruits ripen in November - December.

    Spread

    Southeast Asia is considered the birthplace of bergamot, it is also very common in southern Italy, where it was first cultivated in the mid-twenties of the last century. In Italy, its industrial production is limited mainly to the Ionian coast of the province of Calabria, where bergamot has a cult status and is a symbol of the entire region. It is mainly grown on a small stretch of coast with the most suitable soil composition and temperature regime. In addition, bergamot plantations are located in China, India and on the shores of the Black and Mediterranean Seas. Bergamot is also grown on plantations in Argentina, Brazil and the state of Georgia (USA).

    Preparation of raw materials

    Bergamot fruits, as well as their skin, plant flowers and young shoots are harvested for medicinal and food purposes. Bergamot is grown to produce essential oil. Essential oil from fruits and flowers, produced by cold pressing the peel of ripe fruit. Attempts to mechanize the process have already been made several times, but, despite all the newest technologies, the highest quality oil is obtained exclusively by manual pressing. From ten fruits of a bergamot in such a way an extraction turns out only 9 ml of oil. Store bergamot oil in a glass container in a dry, dark place, or in the refrigerator.

    Chemical composition

    The content of the essential oil in the peel of the fruit of bergamot does not exceed 1-3%. Bergamot oil has a pleasant aroma and bitter taste. The main component of bergamot oil is L-linalyl acetate (35 - 50%), in addition, it contains L-linalool, nerol, terpineol, citral, D-limonene, a-pinene, camphen, bergapten, bergaptol, p-karyo fillen, i-cymol, etc. The yield of the essential oil from the leaves is 0.15 - 0.35%. This essential oil contains citral, limonene, free and bound linalool (55%), D-a-terpineol (6), free and bound geraniol and nerol (6), sesquiterpene alcohols (0.3%), methyl anthranilate. The specific pleasant aroma of the oil is due to the presence of linalyl acetate and free linalool.

    Pharmacological properties

    Bergamot has a fortifying effect on the human body. It is used as an antiviral and antipyretic agent for colds and flu. Bergamot oil also has an anti-inflammatory effect, it contributes to the speedy cure of burns, insect bites, eczema, varicose ulcers and psoriasis. In addition, it contains substances that normalize blood pressure and help fight vegetovascular dystonia. Bergamot normalizes the secretion of sweat and sebaceous glands and acts as an anti-parasitic and antifungal agent.

    Use in traditional medicine

    In folk medicine, bergamot is used mainly as a sedative and as a means to relieve spasms. Bergamot infusions are used in diseases of the biliary tract and liver, problems with digestion, as well as in diseases of the oral cavity, nasopharynx, and throat. Bergamot is also used to treat skin infections and inflammation, as well as for problems with hair.

    Here are some recipes based on bergamot oil.

    Bergamot oil with nervous exhaustion: A few (2-3) drops of bergamot oil diluted in a glass of warm boiled water, then add a teaspoon of honey. Drink a drink twice a day.

    Oil to relieve fatigue: It is necessary to add a few drops of bergamot oil to the main detergent during the evening shower.

    Bergamot oil for bronchitis: In this disease, it is recommended to rub the soles of the feet with a mixture of glycerin or petroleum jelly by adding a few drops of bergamot, sandalwood and thyme oils.

    Bergamot oil for herpes: It is necessary to lubricate the sore spot with bergamot oil every three hours, preferably at the first signs of inflammation, which usually accompany herpes.

    Bergamot to clean the skin from inflammation: Five drops of bergamot oil are mixed in a 1: 1 ratio with thyme oil, then the mixture is dissolved in a teaspoon of grape seed oil and rubbed into the skin once a day.

    Bergamot oil for oily hair: It is recommended to put a few drops of bergamot oil on the teeth of the comb and comb the hair - first from the neck to the forehead, after from the forehead to the back of the head, and then from one temple to the other. Also, with greasy hair, it is recommended to add bergamot oil to hair masks.

    Application of bergamot oil to strengthen hair: When washing hair, this citrus oil is added to water or rubbed into the scalp.

    Useful properties of bergamot for the body

    Bergamot has many beneficial properties for the human body: strengthens the immune system, helps fight colds, tones and refreshes, has antiseptic, antiparasitic and antifungal effects.

    Bergamot oil, due to its anti-inflammatory effect, helps in the treatment of insect bites, burns, eczema and psoriasis. It is used in the treatment of vitiligo (skin pigmentation disorders with the presence of white spots), as it contains furocoumarins, contributing to the production of melanin pigment.

    Bergamot helps to normalize the secretion of sweat and sebaceous glands, helps with urogenital infections and is considered a strong aphrodisiac. Beneficial effect of bergamot on the nervous system: calms, relieves stress, stimulates mental activity.

    Bergamot Tea

    Bergamot Tea Traditionally made from Indian and Ceylon varieties of tea with the addition of oil from the peel of bergamot. For the variant with green tea the “Gunpowder” grade is used. This tea has a spicy tart taste with fresh notes.

    Thanks to caffeine, black tea invigorates and helps to concentrate, bergamot oil improves mood, reduces stress and helps relieve fatigue.

    The most popular type of flavored bergamot tea is Earl Gray (Earl Gray).

    Bergamot tea is brewed like any other tea. For one cup take a teaspoon of tea, pour boiling water and insist a few minutes. Bergamot is well combined with medium-leaf and large-leaf black tea varieties without additives.

    To make homemade tea with bergamot, you need to drop up to 10 drops of essential oil into a small hermetic container, pour tea into it and close tightly. Periodically, the tea should be shaken without opening. After 5 days, fragrant tea is ready.

    Bergamot oil for nervous exhaustion

    Bergamot has a beneficial effect on the nervous system with emotional exhaustion, anxiety, stress and depression. Improve the state of mind and improve the mood will help aromalampa with the following composition: 5 drops of bergamot and lavender oil, 3 drops of neroli oil.

    Also a few drops of bergamot oil and a spoonful of honey can be diluted in a glass of boiled water and taken twice a day. To combat headaches you need to rub a mixture of two drops of bergamot oil and a tablespoon of vegetable oil in whiskey.

    Bergamot oil for bronchitis

    With bronchitis, the patient has difficulty breathing, coughing, wheezing in the lungs, fever. Treatment of bronchitis with the use of essential oils is such procedures like cold and hot inhalations, rubbing, baths.

    For cold inhalationYou need to put a few drops of bergamot oil on the fabric and inhale the aroma of the oil for 7 minutes.

    For hot inhalationin a container with very hot water you need to drop a few drops of oil, cover your head with a towel and inhale the vapors for 5-7 minutes. Together with bergamot oil, you can use other oils: lavender, eucalyptus, fir.

    In addition to inhalations are recommended. rubbing with bergamot oil, for colds or bronchitis, they will help strengthen blood flow to problem areas and reduce inflammation. Oil or mixture of oils rubbed into the skin to a slight redness.

    Lower body temperature will help compress: moisten gauze with a solution of a quarter glass of water and a few drops of bergamot oil and apply it to the calf muscles.

    Bergamot oil for herpes

    Herpes is a virus that most of the time in the body is in a latent form. It is completely impossible to recover from it, but with essential oils it is possible to cauterize the sites of inflammation in order to accelerate the ripening of the blister and the healing of wounds.

    To do this, use the essential oils of bergamot, tea tree, lavender, eucalyptus and sage. Рекомендуется применять не только одно масло, но и комбинировать разные запахи. Смесь эфирных масел также разбавляют спиртом или масляным раствором витамина Е.

    При жирных волосах

    To reduce the secretion of the sebaceous glands and hair loss It is recommended to make a mask twice a week, for which you will need: 5–6 drops of bergamot essential oil, 2 egg yolks, 20 g of oatmeal and 50 ml of unsweetened yogurt.

    Mix yolks, flour and yogurt, after a few minutes add bergamot oil. Apply the mask to dry hair, wrap up the head, hold for 10 minutes, rinse and rinse the hair with herbal decoction.

    With excessive fat you can try combing hair with essential oil.On a wooden comb you need to drop a few drops of bergamot oil and comb your hair along the entire length in different directions. A thin film of oil will cover the hair, nourishing it. You can also add oil to purchased products, for example, in masks.

    To strengthen hair

    For better hair growth and split ends treatment apply mask with beer yeast. For its preparation, you need to take 3 egg yolks, 10 g of beer yeast, 5 tablespoons of chamomile infusion, 12 ml of olive oil and 4-5 drops of bergamot oil. Crushed brewer's yeast should be dissolved in a warm chamomile infusion, add the rest of the ingredients and mix.

    Apply the mask to wet hair along the entire length, put a plastic bag or cap on the head, warm the hair with the hair dryer and wrap. An hour later, the mask can be washed off. To restore very damaged hair make a course of 10 masks.

    To supply dry hair a mask with bergamot and banana is recommended. You need to take 3 tablespoons of sour cream (cream or cottage cheese), 15 g of honey, 1 chopped banana (peach or apricots), 3 tablespoons of aloe juice, 6 drops of bergamot oil.

    All ingredients need to be mixed and applied throughout the length of clean, dry hair.

    Wrap your head with a film and a towel, warm it up with a hair dryer for 15 minutes, and then hold the mask on your hair for another half hour. After washing off the mask, rinse the hair with a decoction of chamomile with a few drops of bergamot oil.

    To clean the skin

    Bergamot is often used to solve cosmetic problems such as excessive oily skin and inflammation.

    • Mask to narrow pores: beat egg white, add 5 drops of bergamot oil, apply on face for 5-10 minutes.
    • Mask for skin cleansing: mix the oil of grapes, bergamot and thyme, apply on face for 15 minutes.
    • Means for the normalization of the sebaceous glands: prepare a solution of distilled water (75 ml), glycerin (15 ml) and a few drops of essential oils of bergamot, geranium and sandalwood. Apply to problem areas for 15 minutes.
    • Mask to nourish the skin: mix the oil of jojoba, grapes and bergamot, apply on face for 10 minutes.
    • Cosmetics enrichment: Add a few drops of essential oil to a serving of cream, milk, lotion or tonic.
    • Toning body lotion: Mix a few drops of bergamot, lemon, neroli and rosemary with almond oil (50 ml).
    • Moisturizing the skin of the hands: Apply a few drops of bergamot oil on your hands every day and massage.

    Beneficial effect on the skin of the bath with bergamot oil and sea salt. On a tablespoon of plain or sea salt need to take 5 drops of oil. Take such a bath up to half an hour.

    How to use bergamot oil in perfumes

    Today, the use of bergamot in natural form in perfumery is limited due to its ability to cause skin photo-burns. Synthesized oil is used for this purpose. The maximum percentage of bergamot oil permitted by the International Perfume Organization on an industrial scale is 0.4% in perfume.

    Bergamot oil with its sweet tart citrus scent blends well with different flavors, creating a unique bouquet. Jasmine, geranium, chamomile, lavender, violet, coriander, cypress and eucalyptus oils are used in the same composition with bergamot. Bergamot is usually used in the initial notes of the perfume.

    Perfume with bergamot is quite possible to prepare at home from various essential oils.

    Recipe for spirits with a decrease in appetite: honey essential oil - 8 drops, jasmine - 3 drops, bergamot - 5 drops, grapefruit - 5 drops, roses - 1 drop.

    Several recipes for aphrodisiac perfumes:

    • Jojoba oil - 10 drops, bergamot - 2 drops, sandalwood - 2 drops, vanilla and cinnamon - 1 drop each.
    • Jojoba oil - 10 ml, bergamot - 5 drops, coriander - 5 drops, roses - 3 drops, neroli - 3 drops, jasmine - 1 drop.

    Citrus Eau de Cologne: orange oil - 6 drops, bergamot - 6 drops, lavender - 2 drops, rosemary - 1 drop, rosewood - 2 drops, peppermint - 1 drop, a tablespoon of alcohol. Shake the mixture and insist in a dark cool place for a week.

    Perfume with floral aroma: oils of rose petals - 5 drops, jasmine - 5 drops, geraniums and tangerine - 2 drops, bergamot, ylang-ylang and sassafras - drop by drop, 20 ml of 90-degree ethyl alcohol.

    Perfume with a fresh scent: lemon oil - 5 drops, lemon balm and lavender - 3 drops, orange blossom flowers - 2 drops, bergamot - 2 drops, 20 ml of 90-degree ethyl alcohol.

    Harm and contraindications

    Contraindications to the use of bergamot is the presence of allergies.

    Bergamot oil can contribute to strong skin pigmentation, so do not apply it on the body before going out in the sun. Sensitive skin may burn.

    Bergamot should be used very carefully during pregnancy. Drinking tea with bergamot should be in very limited quantities.

    Essential oil for cosmetic purposes (for example, to prevent stretch marks) during this period can be used, but keep in mind that bergamot is a strong allergen.

    Inhalation with essential oil for the treatment of colds and aromatherapy to relieve tension and anxiety are also permitted. But in case of problem pregnancy, any method of using bergamot is excluded.

    Bergamot can bring great benefits to the body, but if used improperly, it can be harmful. Knowing all the features of its properties, you can successfully use the essential oil for aromatherapy, treatment, or simply prepare a delicious tea.

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