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Nemesia: growing from seed when planted

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Nemesia is better known as snapdragon. This is a cute shrub of the family Nortchikovye from South Africa. On the territory of Russia it grows remarkably in the middle lane and southern regions, but is cultivated exclusively as an annual. However, at home it is a perennial, abundantly flowering plant, which is often called sanzatiya.

Plant description

Before starting the description of nemesia, I would like to tell you that this shrub got its name in honor of the ancient Greek goddess Nemesis. That is, the Greeks used to call it the snapdragon, which also belongs to the Norichnik family. Later, the name Nemesis began to call a whole genus of plants with similar flowers.

The thermophilicism of nemesia makes it possible to grow it in Russia only as a letnik, which blooms from June to September. Plant height varies from 15 to 60 cm, depending on the variety.

Erect stem completely covered with leaves located opposite. Leaf sedentary, whole or toothed, may be pubescent or smooth. The shape of the sheet plate is from elongated shoulder blade to linear.

The characteristic flowers of nemesia are irregular, in the form of a lowered pharynx, collected in apical or axillary racemes with a diameter of about 2 cm, painted in all colors of the rainbow spectrum.

The fruit is a multi-seed box (in 1 g about 3,500 seeds). The seeds, elongated in shape, are black in color with a whitish openwork prisyannikom, remain viable for up to two years.

Varieties and varieties

Nemesia flowers belong to the genus of the same name, which has about 50 species. In the 20th century, nemesia received a certain popularity due to a variety of colors, and it began to be actively cultivated. Many hybrid varieties have been developed, adapted to the harsh Russian climate. However, it is worth remembering that the propagation of hybrids using seeds is impossible.

Currently, the most popular is considered hybrid nemesia. This is a one-year semi-shrub obtained from two varieties: goitre and variegated. It can reach a height of 15 to 60 cm and blooms from mid-July.

Nebite goitre is the second most popular, cultivated since 1892. She is also an annual. This variety is most adapted to the Russian climate. Known dislike nemesia goiter to the presence of lime in the soil. The height of the plant of this variety is 30-40 cm. The inflorescences are plain or motley (not more than 3 cm in diameter), they are red, yellow, orange and pink in color. The flowering period - until late autumn.

The original brightness of the colors of this variety will be preserved only when propagated by cutting. If the seeds collected from the bushes are used, then not only the original coloring can be lost, but the type of the plant will be very different.

Multi-colored nemesia resembles a goiter, but its inflorescences are noticeably smaller, and they are painted in bright blue or blue. And the growth of the plant is much lower - up to 25 cm.

Azure nemesia is already a perennial, but in the open field it is used as an annual plant, reaching a height of up to 40 cm. It blooms in early June and continues to bloom until autumn. It has large, white, pink, blue and blue inflorescences.

One of the most unusual varieties of nemesia is the "mantle of the king." Its coloring is two-color: bright scarlet and white, like the flag of Denmark, while the edges of the white petals are bordered with thin scarlet edging.

Features of growing from seeds

Growing nemesia from seed implies some rules. This is an unpretentious plant with good germination. Seeds can be sown immediately in open ground, but the plants grown in this way will bloom much later than those that are sown for seedlings.

Growing nemesia from seeds at home begins with the choice of capacity. It can be both containers and boxes, and pots. At the same time it does not matter what their size or shape will be.

With great predilection one must approach the choice of the substrate by which these tanks will be filled. The soil when growing nemesia from seeds should be sufficiently nutritious, but at the same time loose and well-retaining moisture.

Sowing rules

First you need to know when to sow nemesia. So, the sowing rules are as follows:

  1. It is necessary to sow the seeds in early March, so that the flowering begins in June.
  2. Before sowing the substrate must be well moistened.
  3. Having placed seeds in the soil, it is necessary to spray them from a spray with warm water.
  4. It is not necessary to sprinkle the seeds with soil, as they are very small.
  5. Place the container with the planted seeds in a warm place for a couple of weeks.

Seedling care

When growing nemesia from seedlings, seedlings need adequate care.

So, after the appearance of the first shoots, the container with future nemesia is moved to a well-lit place, which should be cool (not higher than +8 ° C), which may be a balcony or a veranda.

When the sprouts get stronger and grow a little, the seedlings need to dive, dropping it into separate cups, which will make the transplant into the ground more comfortable and strengthen the plant. However, when diving you should take into account the tender root system of a young nemesia and work with extreme caution.

Then just water regularly, preventing the soil from drying out. To ensure abundant flowering, the tops of the first shoots must be pinned.

If a terrible thing happened, and the seedlings began to die from the excessive dryness of the air (when the heaters were working) or were caught by a draft or freeze, then you should not immediately despair. You can try to save them.

To do this, take a pencil, carefully stick it into the ground in the middle of the container with seedlings and cover with plastic. In this case, the edges of the film can not be turned under the container. Such a kind of greenhouse can return seedlings to life.

Planting seedlings in open ground

While the daytime air temperature is set at around 15-20 ° C, and frost does not happen at night, which happens between late May and early June, it will be possible to plant young nemesia from temporary containers into open ground.

Although nemesia is distinguished by unpretentious nature, it is nevertheless necessary for it to choose the most comfortable place, which should be sunny, but not arid, because this plant likes well-moistened soils.

For disembarking, it is necessary to carefully take the seedlings together with the earthy clod and plant them in the ground 20 cm apart. After planting, water and mulch the soil well to avoid loss of moisture.

With proper planting and care, nemesia (a photo of the plant is in the article) will perfectly take root in a new place.

Planting seeds in open ground

However, you can not bother with the seedlings and sow the seeds directly into the flowerbed. In this case, planting of nemesia in open ground with seeds should occur at the end of May, and if frost still occurs at night, at the beginning of June. At the same time, it is necessary to make sure that there is no strong wind outside in order to prevent the loss of planting material.

There are some features of growing nemesia from seeds in open ground. Namely:

  1. Prepare the soil, which should be quite fertile and loose.
  2. Do not sow too deep for seeds to germinate easily.
  3. After sowing, it is necessary to pour and cover with a film, preventing the formation of condensate and ventilate every day. When shoots appear - remove the film.
  4. If the seedlings sprouted too thick, then they definitely need to thin out or seedlings.
  5. When the sprouts hatch and grow, you need to feed once a week and a half.

Adult Care

Nemesia (the photo below) responds to the correct fit and care easily with lush and long flowering. Experienced growers give some tips on caring for this unpretentious flowering shrub. Among them:

  1. Regular watering, special attention during the dry summer. Nemesia is a big fan of moisture.
  2. With a strong wind the bush needs support so that it cannot break off.
  3. Fertilize monthly with any complex fertilizers that contain nitrogen and potassium. And during the period of active flowering it is better to feed 2 times a month.
  4. Periodically weed and loosen the soil.
  5. Regularly cut off faded buds, this will prolong the flowering period. If suddenly in the middle of the season, the nemesia ceased to bloom, then its shoots (their tops) can be cut off. After such a “blasphemy,” new shoots will begin to grow, and the plant will bloom again.

Diseases and pests

In a rainy summer, nemesia can get sick from excessive dampness. If this happens and the plant is covered with brown spots, then the sick shoots should be immediately cut off, and healthy ones should be treated with fungicides.

Parasites do not like to settle on this plant, but sometimes the spider mite can still appear. In this case, the nemesia will be treated with a special tool called "Actellic", or it may be another means, no less effective - "Aktara". Spraying treatment with the indicated preparations should be carried out twice with an interval of a week.

Nemesia in landscape design

The universality of nemesia makes it possible to place it in the landscape as you please and in any combinations you like. It will revive the green lawn with its unique brightness. She will emphasize the flowers opposite to her in color, size and shape. It will decorate a rock garden, reviving its gray stones. It will be appropriate wherever an explosion of colors and emotions is necessary.

Low-growing varieties of nemesia are perfect for decorating borders. And the love of this bush for moisture can be used in the design of ponds and fountains. Equally organically, nemesia will look both in a garden flowerpot and in a vertical flowerbed.

Particularly impressive this flowering shrub looks in the vicinity of petunia, pansies and marigolds. Lush inflorescences of nemesia look very profitable in hanging flower baskets, especially if you add petunia and geranium there.

Unpretentiousness and durability with a bright appearance made this plant so popular. All he needs is a little attention, the sun and timely watering. And a burst of colors on a flower bed will ensure a good mood for the whole season.

Flower description

In its sultry homeland, the flower is a perennial, and our compatriots grow it as an annual. Nemesia has more than 50 species. This plant grows in height from 15 to 60 cm. It has the appearance of a semi-shrub with upright branched tetrahedral stems with a smooth or somewhat pubescent surface.

Solid / toothed sessile leaves with elongated spatulate, linear forms are arranged oppositely on them. Red, purple, yellow, white, blue racemose apical / axillary inflorescences with a diameter of up to 2 cm come out of their sinuses. Often, several colors are combined here.

In appearance, they resemble our own buttercups, but with brighter colors. And they resemble orchids in miniature. Their color is similar to the Canadian roses, which are planted in park areas. The peculiarity of the magnificently blooming nemesia lies in the variety of shades, the complex form of flowers with irregular shapes. The tubular corollas of the retaliation flower have 2 limbs that look like lips. At the same time, the upper part consists of 4 shares, and the lower part consists of only 2 parts.

After flowering, the fruit is in the form of a box with a huge amount of seeds. 1 g contains up to 4,000 black grains of elongated shape. They are surrounded by whitish color as if by clothes. The term of their fitness for full germination is 2 years.

Goitre

Crab (biliary) with growth up to 60 cm is one of the most popular varieties. It presents with its bright fragrant buds with a diameter of about 2.5 cm almost throughout the summer. The variety has an original color of flowers (purple, pink, yellow, orange, etc.). Along with tall plants, there are compact bushes that grow no higher than 40 cm.

Multicolored

Multicolor is one of the initial species for obtaining hybrid nemesia. It is very similar to the previous variety, but it has smaller diameter flowers with a spur process in the background, reaching 25 cm versus 60 cm zombie. Quite often has white, yellow spots on the "lip" of flowers. And inflorescences are colored, like small forget-me-nots.

A hybrid is a hybrid of zombie and multi-colored varieties. Due to this, flowers, reaching up to 2 cm, are painted in the most unexpected variations. Its seeds are often sold under the name "Sancia".

Carnival is a mixture of different varieties with a stem up to 30 cm tall, branched stems with oppositely sessile leaves. Attracts attention with its beautiful swollen flowers without characteristic for other varieties of "spur". On the enchanting color of the inflorescences of the name speaks for itself. This is a real carnival of colors!

An azure is different from other varieties of nemesia by its color uniformity (white, blue, blue, purple, etc.). Its beauty is often associated with some varieties of climbing roses, only in a reduced form.

Cardinal Robe

The mantle of the cardinal (Danish flag) is considered one of the most interesting varieties of the retaliation flower. It is like the national flag of Denmark consists of two colors: red and white. With the predominance of white - the border of the petals has a scarlet shade. Many intellectual growers are reminded by a raincoat with a red lining from the novel by Mikhail Bulgakov.

Triumph is one of the rarest mixtures of varieties due to rather large, bright, lush flowers with a low growth of plant stems (up to 20 cm). He, like a victor, stands out among a similar flora.

Flowering

Lush, unfortunately, the majority of florist is not yet appreciated. In many ways, this is due to the commitment to large, visually impressive colors. This variety, like a modest girl, has a low-key, but very delicate beauty of small inflorescences. Fans of fragile wildflowers prefer blooming nemesia.

Thumbelina

Thumbelina is a completely new form of nemesia. On its low shoots grow large flowers with lavender-blue tones, whose diameter reaches up to 3 cm. The advantages of this variety growers include the lack of need for pruning to extend the spring-summer flowering.

Each of these varieties has numerous subspecies with a hybrid origin. They were obtained by breeders by crossing several types of nemesia.

When to plant seedlings

In order to see the nemesia in all its beauty from the early summer, it is necessary to start planting the growing of seedlings from the end of winter. This is the last decade of February or the beginning of March. Oriented by the time of sowing of seeds can be based on the time of their development.

Under favorable conditions, the first shoots peck out in just 8-10 days, or even earlier. And 20 days after sowing, you can count on full-fledged plant seedlings.

About growing nemesia from seeds at home

Initially, this work consists of preparing the following:

  • Priming. For sowing seeds for seedlings used soil mixture, which is offered in specialized stores. Ordinary soil with the addition of sand, compost or rotted humus is also suitable. Thus, its nutritional level increases, the necessary looseness is achieved.
  • Seeds before sowing, they are mixed with sand to evenly distribute small grains throughout the soil.
  • Tanks for seedlings: containers, flower pots, plastic cups, peat tablets. To ensure breathability in the bottom should be holes. It also prevents the formation of stagnant water. At first, the tank is filled with drainage (expanded clay, small pebbles), and the prepared soil is poured on top and slightly moistened.

Sowing and caring for seedlings

After preparatory work, seeds are sown in a container at a temperature of about + 20 ° C. At the same time, it is necessary that there be one seed in each well. After all, closely located grown plants will interfere with each other, and when picking, damage to their root system is possible.

To move the seeds into the ground, you can use a wet thin stick. Given the miniature size, they are buried up to 0.5 cm in a moist soil. From above, they are only lightly sprinkled with earth and slightly sprayed from a spray bottle. Then sown seeds are placed in a moderately warm and lighted place (loggia, balcony). After that, the container is covered with a transparent material (glass, polyethylene, etc.). It is important to remove condensate in a timely manner from these coatings.

Remember that problems may arise after removing the topcoats. This is the drying of seedlings due to the dry air from the heating devices, drafts, frosts. In such cases, you can save seedlings with a simple mini-greenhouse. To create it, you need to immerse a pencil in the middle of the container and cover it with plastic wrap with loose ends without tucking. Это поможет возродить немезию и создать ей комфортные условия для дальнейшего развития.

При появлении первых всходов сеянцы нужно пикировать, т. е. рассаживать в индивидуальные емкости по схеме 5х5 см. Это следует делать только единожды и как можно раньше, поскольку стержневые корни немезии легко повредить. Делать это лучше всего вместе комочками земли. Further germination is carried out at room temperature.

Further care of the seedlings is to check the plantings, timely watering, sufficient lighting, airing. Ignoring these rules is fraught with the appearance of mold on the surface of the earth.

Transplanting seedlings in open ground

The optimal time for planting seedlings on the site - the end of May, after the threat of spring frosts. In this case, the presence of formed buds on it or even the beginning of flowering is allowed. When planting seedlings in flowerpots, this can be done even earlier, and at the time of cold snap up to frost, it can be removed to warm places.

Despite all the simplicity of nemesia, you need to choose the right place for its transplantation. It should be, first of all, a well-lit sun, with moderately fertile, drained, light, medium nutrition and not zazvelkovannoy land. With all the undemanding to the composition of the soil, there are possible options for feeding it with compost, which has well rotted with humus. On the eve of planting, the introduction of fresh manure should be avoided.

It should be remembered that nemesia is very sensitive to light. Her flowers, like a sunflower, turn after the movement of the sun. Therefore, it is best to plant this plant in a sunny place or in lacy penumbra. At the same time, it does not tolerate much heat. When the air is too hot, the leaves, the stalks of the nemesia wither, and the whole plant dies in the dried earth.

An important factor is the humidity of the earth. It should not be subject to drying out even during heat. Therefore, when choosing a place, you should take into account its features and the possibility of regular watering.

Before planting seedlings, the soil should be loosened, make holes at a distance of 15 to 30 cm and moisten them well. Then carefully remove the seedlings together with the earthen clods by the method of transshipment and land in the prepared holes. To better strengthen young shoots, to adapt to a new place, it is good to hold them under the light shelter from above for the first week.

Compliance with these simple requirements allows nemesia to take root, strengthen and enter into a time of lush flowering.

Flower care in summer

For the full disclosure of the possibilities of light and moisture-loving flower of retribution in the summer, his departure is reduced to such actions as:

  • Watering should be especially intense during active flowering and in very hot weather. This is done by spraying only the top layer of soil. Do not allow the drying of root soil and abundant one-time moisture. A constantly wet ground near the roots is not terrible even the heat.
  • Weed removal necessary to prevent pest neighborhood and the development of root diseases. This work allows the plant to also show all its attractiveness, individuality.
  • Soil loosening provides access of moisture, air to the underground parts of the nemesia. Such processing should be neat, without grazing the trunk and twigs.
  • Top dressing complex fertilizers are carried out up to three times for the entire summer season, starting from the time of flowering. This gives the plants greater pomp, the maximum manifestation of various shades of flowers.
  • Shrub formation is to remove faded flowers that take away the power of plants. To increase the pomp of nemesia, pinch its top. With an abnormal termination of the blooming buds need to cut off the old shoots. This "haircut" will allow to increase the growth of young ovaries and open the way for the second wave of flowering.

Combination with other colors

Due to its unpretentiousness, abundance of colors, small growth, nemesia is a universal element of landscape design, interior balconies, and loggias. Her bright tones become an accent if you need to create a contrast or balance the color palette.

This perennial looks great in the combined flower beds, rockeries, rabatkah, near the curb, flower beds, alpine hills. With it, you can create spectacular decorative spots. The use of nemesia gives plenty of imagination for the game with its size, shape, tones, timing of flowering when creating multi-tiered compositions.

Nemesia is harmoniously combined in floral compositions with pelargonium, asters, dahlias, sage, chancellaria. Her good companions are ageratum, pansies, marigolds, lobelia, petunia and many others. However, the neighborhood with the lion's pharynx is mutually advantageous due to their external similarity. In one ensemble, they lose their exclusivity, which makes it difficult to appreciate the charm of each of them.

With the use of grown nemesia in pots, hanging pots, you can decorate gazebos, open verandas, terraces, balconies, and loggias. Her bushy, slightly decomposed stems will create a special charm to these places of recreation in nature and in the apartment.

Varieties and types

Nemesia goiter - An annual herbaceous plant, has inflorescences 2 cm in diameter, red, yellow, pink or orange color. Plant height 25-35 cm.

Nemesia Azure - a long-term look, but is grown up as one-year. As a shrub, reaches 40 cm in height. Blooms in June and blooms for three months, delighting with beautiful large blue, blue, pink and white flowers.

Multicolored nemesia - has not as large flowers as other species, and the color of some varieties resembles forget-me-nots, while others are dark blue.

Nemesia hybrid - an annual plant, bred by crossing such species as a multi-colored and goiter-like nemesia. Reaches 20-50 cm in height. Flowering occurs closer to the month of June. Flowers with a diameter of up to 2 cm come in a variety of colors.

Nemesia planting and care in the open field

Choosing a place to plant, note that the flowers tend to stretch toward the sun.

Watering should be moderate should not allow surpluses, the best solution for retaining moisture around the bush is mulching the soil.

Fertilizer for nemesia

Top dressing is necessary for nemesia for lush flowering, rich shades and large flowers.

For this purpose the complex mineral fertilizer calculated for flowering plants will be suitable. Fertilizers are applied no more than 4 times a year, presumably during a period of active growth and flowering.

Trimming nemesia

An interesting fact is that the flowering plants can be extended only by regularly removing wilted flowers. Or you can trim the tops of the faded shoots and then the nemesia will release new shoots, and the plant will bloom again. For this reason, pruning is considered a rejuvenating procedure.

Do not forget to also remove weeds around the plant and periodically weed the earth around the bush if it is not sufficiently drained.

Reproduction of nemesia

Cultivation from seeds is the most optimal and easiest way of reproduction. The fact is that, for example, the division of the bush can damage the root system, since it is very gentle. For this reason, such a bush will take a long time to settle down and both the separated part and the mother plant may disappear. Therefore, this method is used extremely rarely, in exceptional situations and with great care.

As for the seeds, there are two ways of planting: sowing directly in open ground or pre-grow seedlings. If you sow in an unprotected soil, the seeds will take root and begin to bloom, but much later, so for annual species it will be a waste of time, since flowering will be short-lived. This method is used in warm countries when nemesia is planted as a perennial.

Planting nemesia seedlings

In order to enjoy active and lush flowering at the beginning of summer, seedlings need to be prepared in spring (end of March). The soil can be purchased at a flower shop, it is called “the soil for seedlings”. Seeds are sown on top of the substrate in boxes, sprinkled on top is not necessary.

Cover with glass or plastic on top and monitor the constant soil moisture by spraying from a spray bottle. In order to prevent overmoistening - daily conduct airing, removing the glass (polyethylene). Another important point is to maintain a constant temperature within + 20 ° C.

After one and a half to two weeks, the first seedlings will be proklyutsya and glass (polyethylene) can be removed, and the boxes put in a well-lit and cool place (+ 10 ... + 15 ° С). A week later, fertilizers containing nitrogen and potassium are applied, along with the planned irrigation.

When two or three pairs of young leaves appear on young sprouts, they dive in separate pots or cups. Around the month of June, the plant will get strong enough and may even begin to bloom, then you can carry out planting on the site (flower beds). The distance between each specimen should be at least 20–25 cm, given that nemesia rapidly and abundantly expands in breadth.

Nemesia seed growing

Before sowing, which is carried out in April-May, the top layer of soil is mulched with peat, and the ground itself must be well drained. Now you can sow the area (flower bed), moisten it with a spray bottle (if you pour it from a bucket, for example, the seeds can become blurred and gather in one place, while others will be empty) and cover with plastic wrap.

Do not forget to air, moisten and feed with mineral complex fertilizers (once in two weeks) the soil. After emergence of shoots, the film is removed. When the seedlings grow and the density is formed, thinning is carried out, so that at least 20-25 cm remains between each plant. The weakest specimens are removed.

If you do not dive in time, the probability of fungal diseases is high, and the plants themselves will be faded. Growing seedlings right in the open field requires maintaining a constant soil moisture, because on particularly hot days, a dried-up clod of soil at the growth site of young plants can lead to the death of all young stock. To avoid such cases, and mulching is necessary.

Botanical description

Annual and perennial herbaceous plants and shrubs, the genus of which has about 50 species, originally grew in South Africa, and are now distributed throughout the world. In height, the plant reaches from 30 to 60 cm, the stem is erect. Leaflets vary depending on the variety, from linear to lanceolate and serrated.

Single flowering or forms inflorescences on the tops of the bush, then the fruit is formed - the seed box. The seeds of the plant are black in color, covered with white openwork persymyannik.

Variety selection

Nemesia when grown from seed at home can be both an annual for planting in the garden, and perennial, if it grows in indoor conditions. Thanks to the efforts of scientists regarding the improvement and adaptation of varieties to different climatic conditions, we can now enjoy their abundance. Let us dwell on the most popular.

  • Nemesia goiter - Annual plant with lush powerful branches. Cultivated since 1892. In height it grows up to 40 cm. At the top of the bush leaves are linear, and from the top down they get an oval shape. The flowers are irregular in shape, with a lowered shed, reaching 3 cm in diameter. The color palette is very diverse, there are both bright monochromatic and variegated flowers that bloom two weeks after sowing the seeds and bloom until late autumn.
  • Nemesia hybrid - bred when crossing goiter and multi-colored species. In height it grows up to 0.5 meters, sometimes even higher. Flowering begins in June and lasts until the end of August. The flowers form raceme-like inflorescences at the end of the stems, rather large, their color is varied. This variety refers to annuals.
  • Multicolored nemesia - annual herbaceous plant, differs from other varieties in its short stature (not more than 25 cm). Having carefully considered the flower, one can notice certain similarities with the zombie and hybrid nemesia, due to the fact that this plant is one of the original species.
  • Nemesia azure - Another variety of annual herb that is grown in our area, although it grows like a perennial in its historic homeland, South Africa. Young stems - upright, with abundant flowering descend under the weight of peduncles. The flowers are quite small, but the color palette is very diverse. There are both monophonic (blue, pink, white, blue), and two-color. A distinctive feature of this variety is a bright yellow spot on the outermost petal, which is also called the lip.

Sowing seeds of nemesia

Sowing seeds is considered the best and more productive way to plant a plant, although it also propagates by grafting.

Nemesia is fairly easy to grow from seed, but you must know when to plant it. In order to please the first flowers already in early summer, it is necessary to sow them in early March.

Capacity and soil

Planting can be carried out both in open ground and grown seedlings. In the first case, you need to understand that the plant will bloom a little later. The best option is to plant seeds in containers or pots. The shape and volume of the container does not matter. But a more favorable soil for planting should be loose and well retain moisture.

Before proceeding to sowing, the ground should be moistened well, then the seeds should be placed there and sprayed with a spray of water at room temperature. Due to the fact that the seeds of the plant are very small, it is not necessary to sprinkle them with the substrate.

Necessary conditions and care

After planting the seeds in a container with the ground, leave it in a warm place for 1-2 weeks, then after germination, it is advisable to move the container to a well-lit place where the temperature will be no higher than 8 degrees, for example, a balcony. After the sprouts have gotten stronger, it is advisable to thin the seedlings and plant them in separate pots or cups, this will facilitate the transplant. Further care is regular watering, in no case should not allow the soil to dry out.

How to choose a place for a flower

Choosing a place to plant will not be difficult, the plant is absolutely not whimsical. In order to create the most comfortable conditions, it is necessary to plant it on a sunny, but by no means arid area. Grassy shrub prefers well-moistened soil.

Transplanting process

In order for the transplantation process to pass painlessly, it is worth planting seedlings together with an earthen clod at a distance of 15-20 cm from each other. It is advisable to mulch the soil after transplantation, it is necessary to keep moisture in the ground.

Due to the fact that the plant reproduces very easily with the help of seeds, even an inexperienced florist can easily grow such beauty.

Nemesia features

The height of the bush of nemesia can vary from 0.3 to 0.6 m. Sometimes there is pubescence on the surface of branched tetrahedral shoots. Over time, the stems bend due to the relatively heavy inflorescences and oppositely located leaf plates of a lanceolate or linear shape with a serrated edge. There are a large number of axillary flowers, which can be single or be part of the apical inflorescences. The composition of the flowers includes a tubular corolla with limb-shaped bends: the lower dicotyledonous, and the upper quadrilateral. Flowers can be painted in different colors. The fruit is a box, inside of which there are many black seeds of elongated shape, located in light white prisyannikah. These seeds remain viable for 2 years.

Types of nemesia cultivated by gardeners are both annual and perennial, but in mid-latitudes this plant is grown only as an annual.

Seeding on seedlings

It is possible to propagate nemesia in the seed way, as well as vegetative: by dividing the bush and grafting. When dividing a bush, its long roots are often severely injured, and as a result, delenki poorly take root. Experienced gardeners recommend breeding such a plant with seeds, or rather, grown through seedlings.

Seeds can be purchased at the store or collected independently. The seedlings are sown in the last days of March. For this purpose, containers for seedlings are used, which are filled with a moisture-absorbing loose soil mixture intended for flower crops; sand mixed with peat can also be used. On top of the substrate lay out a snow layer on which to sow the seeds. The fact is that they are very small and have a dark color, so on a white background they are much easier to distribute evenly. Capacity should be covered with a film or glass and put in a well-lit, warm (about 20 degrees) place. Do not forget to air crops every day. The first seedlings can be seen after 1.5-2 weeks.

Growing seedlings

When the seedlings begin to appear en masse, the shelter removes, and the capacity must be rearranged to a place with bright, but at the same time diffused lighting, at this stage the plants need a cool from 8 to 10 degrees. If you do everything right, then you can avoid pulling seedlings. After 7 days from the moment of appearance of the seedlings, they need to be fed by watering with a weak solution of complex fertilizer. Water the plant regularly and do not forget to gently loosen the surface of the substrate from time to time. Спустя 20–30 дней с момента посева, когда у растений начнется формироваться 2 либо 3 настоящий листок, надо будет произвести их пикировку по индивидуальным горшочкам либо стаканчикам, при этом рассаду переставляют в место с температурой воздуха в 13 градусов. Почвосмесь в стаканчиках не должна пересыхать. Закалку рассады начинают за полмесяца до пересадки ее в открытый грунт.

Выращивание немезии в домашних условиях

Как правило, в комнатных условиях растят лишь рассаду немезии. Then they plant it in open soil, and if you wish, you can move the container with flowers to the balcony or veranda. How can you decorate a terrace with a nemesia, a balcony or a terrace? In the event that you do not plan on planting such a plant in open ground, then you can make sowing of seeds in February. Sow seeds and care for plants should be the same as when growing seedlings. However, during the picking instead of cups using flower pots or containers. When it becomes warm outside, the nemesia is transferred to the veranda, balcony or terrace.

What time to land

Transplantation of seedlings into the open soil is made only after there is no threat of night frost, and the soil at the same time warms up well. As a rule, this time falls on the last days of May or the first - June. For planting, choose a ventilated, well-lit, open area. The soil should be moist, well-drained, slightly acidic or neutral. As for the fertility of the soil, it should be average. This plant can be grown in a small lacy penumbra.

Landing features

Before you begin planting seedlings in open ground, you should prepare the wells. Their size should be such that the entire contents of the pot (both the earthy clod and the root system) are located in them without any problems. Between bushes should observe a distance of 0.2-0.3 m, as they may fall apart a little. When the plants are planted, and the wells are sealed, the site needs to be watered properly. After the liquid is completely absorbed into the soil, its surface will need to be covered with a layer of mulch, this can prevent excessively rapid drying of the soil. The flowering of such a plant can be seen in the last days of June, or the first - in July.

Nemesia care

There is nothing difficult in the care of nemesia. To bushes were very lush, you should systematically nip the tops of their stems. Throughout the season, the plant must ensure timely watering, especially during dry periods, as well as regular weeding and loosening the soil surface around the bushes.

During the season, it will be necessary to feed the nemesia 2 or 3 times, for this purpose they use a complex mineral fertilizer, for example, Kemira-Lux. Also, this plant responds well to fertilizing with organic fertilizers.

Pests and diseases

Since such a plant is moisture-loving, it is very often affected by fungal diseases. In order to prevent such diseases of nemesia, it is necessary to ensure moderate watering, while the top layer of the soil must necessarily dry out. Sick specimen should be sprayed with a solution of a fungicidal drug.

On such a plant can live spider mites, which suck vegetable juice from a bush. One can learn that a plant is infected by the presence of a thin and very sticky web on it, as well as by drying and dying leaf plates. If you notice the first signs of a bush being affected, then immediately spray it and the ground surface around it with the Actellica, Fitoverma, Akarin or Karate solution, you can also use other acaricides.

Nemesia flower flowering (Nemesia floribunda)

The height of the bushes is about 0.4 m. At the tops of the stems there are small delicate flowers of a light blue color. This species today is still not very popular in gardening, but every year it can be found in gardens more often.

Nemesia multicolored (Nemesia versicolor)

This annual is a South African species. Thin strongly branched shoots in height can reach 0.25 m. The flowers are small. Thanks to this plant, a huge number of hybrids appeared. Most popular varieties:

  1. Blue bird. The color of flowers is deep blue, and on the lip there is a spot of white or yellow color.
  2. Edelblau. The color of the flowers is similar to forget-me-not.

Nemesia goitre (Nemesia strumosa)

The height of this highly branched annual plant varies from 0.35 to 0.4 m. The upper leaf plates are linear, and the lower sessile ones are oval. The shape of the flowers is irregular, they are swollen, do not have spurs and have a lowered shed, reach a diameter of 2.5 cm. They can be painted pink, yellow, red or orange, varieties with a variegated color are available. Cultivated since 1892. The most popular varieties:

  1. Aurora. The height of the bush is about 0.3 m. Large flowers have a scarlet-white color.
  2. Fanfire. The color of flowers is yellow and cream.
  3. Sparklerwith. Flowers are two- or three-colored.
  4. Fire king. Bush height reaches 0.3 m, and it is decorated with flowers of fiery red color.
  5. Nashal Ensign. Quite a popular variety has a white and red color flowers.

Nemesia hybrid (Nemesia hybrida)

This species includes all hybrids obtained by crossing a multicolor nemesia and a goiter nemesia. Most often, the height of such annual plants does not exceed 0.3–0.6 m. The elongated, almost lanceolate leaf plates along the edge are crenate. Large (diameter about 20 mm) irregular flowers with a two-lipped corolla, are part of the apical brushes. Such a type in specialized stores can be purchased, as a rule, only in variety mixtures, while their main difference is the height of the bushes:

  1. Triumph. The height of the bushes is about 0.15 m, the flowers are painted in different colors.
  2. Carnival. Bushes in height reach 0.18–0.2 m, the color of inflorescences is varied.

You can also purchase individual varieties, the most popular of which are:

  1. The mantle of the king (cardinal). A flowering plant is decorated with flowers with long spurs, painted in a rich blue color. The central part of the corolla is white, and a blue rim passes along the edge of the petals.
  2. Tumbelina. This variety is new. Bushes with a height of 0.15 to 0.2 m are decorated with bluish-lavender flowers, whose diameter is 30 mm.

Sansatia (ampelous nemesia) is an interspecific triploid hybrid. He was born in 2009 thanks to German breeders who crossed the one-year and long-term nemesia species. At the moment there are only 8 ampelous varieties. Their color is similar to exotic fruits, which influenced the choice of their names: Coconut, Blackberry, Pineapple, Cranberry, Lemon, Peach, Banana and Mango. At the same time only varieties are considered to be ampel: Coconut, Pineapple, Limon, Banana and Cranberry, the other varieties have upright peduncles.

Types and varieties

In nature, there are about 50 varieties of nemesia. The main ones include:

  1. Nemesia goitre (Nemesia strumosa). It is a shrub whose height can reach 40 cm a year after disembarkation. Branches in combination with leaves become a thick crown. The color of the leaves is light green. Inflorescences have irregular shape and size up to 2.5 cm. They can be orange, red, yellow or blue.
  2. Nemesia floribunda (Nemesia floribunda). This variety is characterized by branching grassy shoots, the length of which can reach 40 cm. When flowering on azure nemesia, white, pink or blue buds appear.
  3. Nemesia hybrid (Nemesia hybrida). Among the plants of this variety are hybrid varieties. Their height can vary from 30 to 60 cm. The stems are covered with elongated bright green leaves. When flowering asymmetrical flowers form with a diameter of 2 cm. Their color can be varied, with both monophonic and two-color.
  4. Nemesia multicolored (Nemesia versicolor). The flower is characterized by upright branches up to 25 cm tall. Leaves on this shrub formed a little. Inflorescence is characterized by almost the correct form. They have a bright heart and bright edges.

Ornamental varieties, the seeds of which are most often found on sale:

  1. Red and white. The main feature is two-tone buds, the upper part of which is red and the lower part is white.
  2. Royal fire. Representatives of this variety form bright red flowers with an orange middle.
  3. Orange prince. This shrub blooms with bright orange monotone buds.
  4. Mantle of the king. This decorative variety is characterized by a combination of blue and white.
  5. star way. Nemesia Star Trek is a short growing plant with a variety of flower buds.

Nemesia in pots, pots and flower beds, photo:

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