Poultry farmers engaged in breeding geese often face various diseases of the young. They cause a slowdown in growth and death.
Viral infections, improper housing and feeding conditions, as well as parasites and pathogens of fungal diseases can cause illness in birds. The symptoms of most diseases of young goslings begin to appear as early as the age of 6 to 12 days.
What can hurt young goslings?
Despite the fact that geese are famous for their endurance and unpretentiousness, and they are prone to various types of diseases. The goslings are least resistant to them. Their fragile bodies very often do not cope with ailments. Goslings who do not receive timely assistance die very quickly.
Many livestock diseases can not be cured, so it is destroyed. Such a radical measure limits the further spread of the disease. Places of disease birds are declared quarantine zone.
The loss of a bird brings to any farmer not only losses, but also notoriety, which has a negative impact on the sale of domestic poultry products in the future. To avoid or significantly reduce the risk of infection of poultry infectious and other types of diseases can create good conditions for her and provide high-quality feed.
In the gooseberry there must be ventilation, the walls of the room are whitened with hydrated lime. It copes with the task of destroying fungus, bacteria and viruses. As a preventive measure, daily goslings are prepared with a special drink. It is a weak solution of potassium permanganate sweetened with glucose.
A common remedy for improving immunity are drugs such as biovit, paraform and kormogrizin. They are given to young animals until they reach the age of 8-10 weeks. Of particular danger in the first days of goslings are infectious diseases, as well as damage to the respiratory tract of the bird and its reproductive system.
During this period, chicks may develop diseases such as vitamin deficiency, rickets, diarrhea, yolk peritonitis. Cholera, salmonellosis and aspergillosis are more common among infectious diseases. Improper feeding from the first days of life leads to the appearance in the body of goslings of parasites and poisoning.
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Symptoms of diseases of goslings, methods of treatment and prevention
In the first days and weeks of life, young goslings are most at risk of various diseases. Their disease can be caused not only by viruses and fungi, but also by parasites, poor feed, or inappropriate conditions for their maintenance. Careful care, proper food and the use of vitamin complexes significantly reduce the risk of disease in poultry. All existing diseases can be divided into two large groups: infectious and non-infectious.
The cause of this type of disease is improper care for the bird, as well as parasites living inside the goslings and in their plumage. Most of these types of diseases lead to the fact that the chicks fall to their feet, lose their voice and lower their wings.
Compliance with all the necessary conditions for keeping goslings significantly reduces the risk of most diseases. Do not allow goslings to overheat or overcool, feed them with poor-quality feed, as well as high humidity or drafts in the room intended for their maintenance. In their drinkers should always be only clean water.
The cause of the disease is a lack of vitamins in the diet. With avitaminosis, birds lose their appetite and gain weight very poorly. For most goslings, the illness ends in death. It has a chronic nature. The first signs of the disease can be observed at 2-3 weeks of bird life. The young, bred from eggs with a low content of vitamins, are least adapted to life and very often die immediately after birth.
To prevent this disease, it is necessary to properly formulate the diet of poultry feeding. It must include grass meal, fish oil, fresh vegetation or shoots. Synthetic preparations of vitamins A, D, B1, B2 and BV can be added to the goose food. It is necessary to give them to goslings during the first 10-14 days of their life.
Among the symptoms of the disease there is a slowdown in the growth of goslings and the softening of their bones and beak. The main causes of rickets is a lack of vitamin D in the body of the bird and a lack of sun.
Rickets does not pass for goslings without consequences. The geese suffering from this disease carry eggs with a very thin shell.
The best remedy for the prevention and treatment of rickets is fish oil. It is added to poultry feed along with vitamin D and yeast. In sunny weather, goslings should walk as long as possible.
The cause of the disease is nutrition, which is dominated by dry food and lack of water. In such a state, goslings behave extremely restlessly. They have shortness of breath, weakened legs, gait becomes shaky, and the beak is always half open. Urgent intervention is required at the first sign of illness. For this, 20-40 ml of vegetable oil is poured into the goose's throat, after which the contents are gently squeezed out.
The disease is not widespread and rarely occurs in goslings in farms. This is a seasonal disease that happens in spring or autumn. Manifested in the form of inflammation of the skin that appears near the bird's mouth, as well as loss of tongue and the formation of diverticula. If the disease is not treated, it becomes chronic.
Prevention of the disease is a balanced diet, containing in its composition vitamins and trace elements. Wounds are treated with antiseptic solutions.
Symptoms are characterized by swelling of the goiter. She is assisted in the form of goiter massage, given a drink, which includes 5% hydrochloric acid solution.
Ailment refers to a disease of the reproductive system. The causes of its development are sudden startle and excess protein foods. Symptoms of peritonitis include bouts of pain in the peritoneum. The disease is very difficult to treat. The main type of prevention is to maintain cleanliness in the house and a balanced diet.
Diseases caused by parasites
Very often on the skin of the bird you can find the parasites, called poohadov. They feed on down and cause itchiness and baldness in goslings that can bring them to exhaustion. Goslings can not move and eat normally. The disease is treated with the help of special agents for parasites that can be found in any veterinary pharmacy.
Prevention of the disease is the periodic treatment of plumage with sprays or solutions that repel parasites from bird plumage.
The reason for the appearance in the body of goslings is dirt and low-quality food. Signs of their presence in the body are like increasing mortality among young. Bring worms is very difficult. To do this, there are various drugs that give the bird with a drink or feed. Effective prevention of the disease is to maintain cleanliness in the roaster and in its surrounding area.
Most often caused by the consumption of plants containing poisons. Sometimes toxic substances enter the feed. Mold or fertilizer can cause poisoning in goslings. Disease occurs in each goose in its own way and depends on the type of poison and its quantity that has entered the bird's body. Fight the disease by soldering goslings water acidified with vinegar. Sometimes decoctions, infusions of various herbs or vegetable oil are used in the treatment.
Prevention of poisoning is proper care for the livestock and control over its nutrition. It is not recommended to feed the goslings in the first weeks of life with potatoes and beets. They can cause severe poisoning in the bird.
The most common cause of diarrhea in young animals is a violation of the content of young animals or improper feeding. The liquid stools of goslings can have various coloring, and sometimes and impurity of blood. The illness may be accompanied by loss of appetite, fever, drowsiness and lethargy. Birds in this state sit in one place and barely move.
Infectious diseases such as viral enteritis, salmonellosis, pasteurellosis, and some others, as well as parasites that live in the birds, can cause diarrhea in poultry. Special attention should be paid to white goose droppings. It is one of the symptoms of pullorosis. This is a dangerous disease that causes goslings to 100 deaths. Even having cured of diarrhea of the bird, they remain the carriers of the virus of illness until the end of their lives.
Birds infected with pullorosis are isolated from the herd and destroyed. In all other cases, various treatments can be used. The best and most effective is the use of special preparations.
Group of infectious diseases
Among the frequently encountered in the practice of breeding poultry dangerous infectious diseases such as:
- Enteritis. Viral disease leading to mortality of young animals in 95% of cases. Most often it can be observed in goslings aged from 5 to 12 weeks. The disease affects the cardiovascular system and intestines, and also affects the liver of birds. The disease is spread by airborne droplets and by hatching eggs.
- Salmonellosis. The disease can be observed in young animals aged from 5 to 30 days. It is characterized by a fast and acute course. Cause sickness in goslings can be contaminated feed, sick birds or rodents. Very often, salmonellosis occurs in birds due to overheating, lack of vitamins or poor conditions. This can be a greater density of goslings when placed.
- Colibacteriosis This viral disease is considered the most dangerous for goslings. The most common cause of the disease is dampness, which may occur in the goose during the keeping of its young, and an inferior diet.
- Aspergillosis. Disease affecting the respiratory system of goslings. It is caused by pathogenic spores of fungi that actively reproduce in moist warm straw, hay and grass.