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Illnesses of birds of paradise or how to treat peacocks

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With keeping pheasants and peacocks in captivity, the bird owner must take care of the care and prevention of various diseases. Numerous diseases of pheasants can be divided into 3 main groups: non-communicable diseases, infections, invasions caused by parasites.

As a rule, a healthy pheasant differs from the patient by an active reaction to the environment, the intake of feed, and water.

If the bird is sick, the owner should pay attention to the setting of the extremities, breathing, intestinal function disorder, loss of a feather, excited aggressive state or, on the contrary, oppression, refusal of food. These are signs of the onset of the disease, such a bird should be transplanted, carefully observe it, conduct an individual examination of the joints of the legs, wings, test the goiter, the trachea.

If you have difficulties in making a diagnosis, you should promptly contact a veterinary clinic for advice from a specialist. A prolonged delay in diagnosis and improperly prescribed treatment can lead to the deterioration of the condition of the bird, its chronic exhaustion and death.

If the pheasant died, you need to send the corpse to a veterinary clinic for an autopsy and special studies to determine the diagnosis.

Skin diseases. Inflammation, skin damage, and injuries are not uncommon in blows, bruises, and fights. These diseases are usually difficult to treat, because the bird tends to peck at the affected area, which leads to constant irritation. Inflammations of the skin can be of various origins for various reasons.

A sign of the disease - plumage stained with blood. Small wounds can be treated with ferric chloride, cauterized with lapis lapel, tincture of iodine, to prevent wound infection. Good results are obtained by periodical lubrication of the affected skin with a syntomycin emulsion.

Individual pheasants develop skin inflammation (dermatitis). In this case, the painful area of ​​skin reddens, thickens, and crusts often gray-yellow or brown. These layers, as a rule, are easily separated. The defeat is especially dangerous under the wings, in the neck and at the root of the tail. Inflammation is associated with increased itching, so birds often pluck feathers, which is accompanied by severe bleeding.

When bacteriological studies of some birds with the presence of dermatitis, pathogens of staphylococcus and colibacillosis were found. The feather around the affected area falls out, the skin is fragile and dry. Dermatitis on the conjunctiva of the eye and the angles of the beak are often associated with shortness of breath and general disturbances of the condition. The cause of these disorders can be bacterial pathogens with staphylococcosis, aspergillosis, scab (gray-white layers).

For the treatment of skin diseases use vitamin preparations that increase resistance, against fungal infections - antimycotics, iodglycerin 1: 5 and 1% solution of trypaflavin. In all cases of the disease use antibiotics, antimycotics, anti-allergic drugs.

Scabies (knnemidocoptosis). A widespread disease among all birds. With scabies, various skin areas can be affected. In most cases, from the corner of the beak stretching extending gray-white lime overlay, which sometimes capture the beak, cep, eye area. In the progressive stage of imposition are on the legs, the cloaca, and in some cases capture the entire skin. Some pheasants in the head find baldness and on the basis of the skin - dense overlay.

Against scabies can be used with success birch tar - a mixture consisting of an emulsion of Yakutin and Mycotectan, you can also use a 0.15% neguven solution. The affected skin area is peeled with forceps and then ointment applied. Vitamin preparations are added to drinking water for the general maintenance of body resistance.

Tumors (lipomas). In the area of ​​the chest, less often on another part of the body of the diseased bird, there are visible swellings consisting of soft or slightly compacted tissue. They grow very long, often without causing deviations in the general condition of the bird. If they reach a large size, the bird begins to peck at this part of the body. Sometimes tumors cause mechanical compression of internal organs. Lipoma is covered with a capsule and attached with connective tissue. The content of the lipoma falls apart, resembling cheese by its consistency, sometimes in the center there is necrosis in the form of a gray-yellow or green mass.

The causes of lipomas are not fully elucidated. There are assumptions that they are associated with a violation of the thyroid gland, mechanical stroke caused by the cellular system of the content. If the tumor is small and the general condition of the bird is good, you can use the surgical method for treatment.

Emphysema. In this disease, birds in various parts of the body appear bloated. The bird refuses to feed, breathes with difficulty, inactive. After puncture blistering air comes out of the holes. Exfoliation of the skin can occur over large areas of the body. The cause of the disease is associated with mechanical rupture of the air sac wall.

During treatment, a small skin incision is made to allow air to escape. This intervention has to be repeated several times, and it does not always give good results.

What diseases do peacocks suffer from?

In order to successfully maintain peacocks, you need not only to create comfortable living conditions for them, but also to take care of their health. Like any poultry, they are susceptible to various viruses and sores. Domestic birds of paradise are not only susceptible to infections of wild relatives, but also suffer from all the known diseases of the bird yard. As in all other cases, all diseases are divided into three groups:

  • contagious,
  • non-infectious,
  • caused by parasites.

Very often, not only the simplest microorganisms become the cause of peacock diseases, but also poor care, vitamin deficiencies, and poor nutrition. Peacocks, like no other bird, is very susceptible to tumors. But the greatest harm is brought, of course, by infectious diseases, which require immediate medical attention and may be the cause of the death of the whole herd. For example, such diseases include:

Among non-communicable diseases peacocks are prone to lipomas, eczema, paralysis, inflammatory processes, and so on. Parasitic diseases are most often transmitted from other poultry, so peacocks should be kept separate.

When the first symptoms are found, the bird needs to be transplanted from the rest of the group, observe and make a diagnosis. If the disease is unknown, be sure to show the peacock to the veterinarian. As a rule, loss of feathers and lack of appetite can talk about many diseases, so most often need the help of a qualified specialist.

Compared to other decorative birds, peacocks have a very weak immune system, so even the most insignificant disease manifests itself sharply and quickly. Many of the non-contagious occur in a long chronic form. We will consider the most common.

Dermatitis or skin inflammation

This disease is most often associated with improper poultry housing conditions and causes severe discomfort in birds. Damage to the skin under the wings, around the neck and around the tail is especially dangerous. Here, experiencing severe itching, the bird can pluck feathers to the blood, thereby producing an infection. Viruses such as colibacillosis and staphylococcus cause dermatitis.

The first manifestations of pathology

For timely detection of health problems, the owner of the peacocks must constantly monitor them. The first manifestations of the disease are always associated with changes in behavior, and in such a case it is necessary to separate the bird with such problems from the rest of the population, for diagnosis and treatment.

The most common signs of disease in peacocks: lack of appetite, disorder of the gastrointestinal tract, loss of plumage. These symptoms are inherent in many diseases of a different nature. Given this specificity, in poultry diseases it is better to contact the specialists of the veterinary service.

Peacock can not boast of its immune system, as they have a very low degree of resistance of the organism. Even the transfer of poultry from one food to another is often accompanied by diarrhea, and the common cold can be acute. This fact is considered a great disadvantage, so the peacock requires great attention from its owner.

One of the most common skin diseases of peacocks, which appears due to violations in the mode of maintenance. The bird begins to feel a strong feeling of discomfort. The danger of inflammation of the skin under the wings. The inflamed areas of skin begin to itch, and the bird, in an effort to alleviate its condition, may begin to pluck its own feathers, until blood marks appear. This is fraught with the addition of infection.

Symptoms: dermatitis occurs with the following clinical picture:

  • Inflammation of certain areas of the skin with their hyperemia and itching,
  • The appearance of yellow crusts,
  • Scattering of plumage and dry skin,

Treatment: Dermatitis responds well to treatment with the use of vitamins and antifungal agents. In the case of peacocks, iodine and glycerin can be used, in a ratio of 1 to 5, and antibiotics. In addition, doctors recommend the use of antihistamines.

A skin disease of a parasitic character that affects the entire body of a bird, including its beak and eyes. In severe degrees of damage, plumage may occur on the head and further down the body.

Symptoms: vital activity of scabies mites can be determined by the following features:

  • whitish deposits appear on the skin,
  • severe itching in the lesions,
  • beak corrosion,
  • loss of feathers up to balding impressive areas of skin,

Treatment: scabies is perfectly treated with birch tar.

Neoplasm

As it was written above, peacocks very often develop various kinds of neoplasms. After their growth, the bird becomes visible areas of the seal on the chest and legs. Tumors develop for a very long time, which complicates timely diagnosis.

If the formation reaches a large size, the bird begins to feel a sense of discomfort, as the tumor creates compression on the internal organs. At times, this leads to the fact that the bird begins to peck at the sites of the appearance of the tumor.

Symptoms: the appearance of the tumor occurs with the following symptoms:

  • visually noticeable area of ​​swelling on the body,
  • compaction of tissues
  • lipoma,
  • purulent inflammation in some parts of the peacock body,

Treatment: tumors that are small in size should be removed only if it does not harm the health of the peacock.

Inflammation of the soles of the feet

When peacocks spend a lot of time on the hard surfaces of the yard (especially asphalt), they may develop swelling on the legs. Further, the problem only intensifies, and inflammatory processes and areas of bleeding develop on the soles.

Symptoms: signs of inflamed soles are:

  • swollen paws,
  • the difficulty of performing the simplest movements of a bird,
  • paws are constantly in a raised position,
  • clear signs of bleeding,
  • joining of skin infections

Treatment: bleeding wounds on the sole must be treated with iodine and ferric chloride solution. Doctors advise the use of wound-healing powders and antibiotics. To prevent infection of wounds, peacocks are not allowed on the grass and sand. Frequent change of bedding is necessary for quick recovery.

Inflammation of the liver can occur for many reasons.

Symptoms: First of all, the disease becomes noticeable due to a change in the nature of the discharge (diarrhea with bright brown droppings). When hepatomegaly occurs, a large amount of fluid begins to accumulate in the abdominal cavity (ascites), and a significant increase in the abdomen becomes noticeable in the peacock. Palpation can be felt accumulated fluid.

In addition, the bird spoils the plumage, and there are multiple foci of inflammation on the skin (neck and wings). The acute form of hepatitis very often occurs without any symptoms, and leads to the death of the bird.

Treatment: the fight against hepatitis should be complex, and consist of the use of antibacterial drugs, antiparasitic drugs, and vitamins of group B and C.

In most cases, the disease appears in the bird due to exposure to blood-sucking parasites, after injury with bleeding, poisoning, or diseases of the liver and bone marrow. The hypovitaminosis of vitamins of group B and E can also cause anemia.

Treatment: To begin with, the cause of the disease should be eliminated, and only then begin treatment with antibiotics, vitamins, cortisone and iron-containing drugs.

Calcium chloride, which is added to the water in the troughs, has an excellent effect.

This disease is characteristic of peacocks that live at home, and the poultry farmer does not provide them with the necessary care and diet. Also, paralysis is not rarely a complication of infections, contusions, and abnormalities of the NA.

Symptoms: paralysis has the following clinic:

  • Apathetic condition of the bird,
  • Decrease and complete lack of appetite,
  • Tightness of fingers on paws,
  • Diarrhea and abdominal swelling,
  • Convulsions

Treatment: fighting paralysis takes a lot of time. The owner must feed the bird with vitamins and cortisone. Irradiation with infrared lamps is prescribed.

Quite frequent pathology among the livestock of peacocks, which develops due to dampness and drafts in the poultry house. These factors are quite detrimental to the bird and provoke the appearance of abundant mucus from the nose, sneezing and swelling of the nasal mucosa.

Symptoms: the disease occurs with symptoms such as:

  • Complicated breathing
  • Runny nose and sneezing
  • Gluing the sinuses,
  • Sluggish condition and bouts of diarrhea,

Treatment: The bird is moved to a warm and clean room, vitamins are given and IR radiation is carried out. Tetracycline or streptomycin should be dripped into the nose.

Gout can occur only in peacocks that are kept at home. This is a very serious disease that affects the internal organs of poultry.

It arises on the background of an improper diet, especially when animal feed is predominant, or when kept in cramped rooms.

Symptoms: gout can be suspected by the following symptoms:

  • Signs of poisoning,
  • Intense thirst
  • Diarrhea,
  • White litter
  • Inflammation of the joints and associated lameness,
  • Depressed

Treatment: gout treatment is carried out using decoction of flax seed and drugs. But it is better to prevent the disease than to fight it. In order for the peacock not to get sick with gout, it is necessary to feed them with fresh greens, let them walk on the grass, select high-quality varieties of grain and feed for feeding.

The peacock is an omnivorous bird, which means that he is at high risk of being affected by helminths. To prevent helminthic invasion, it is necessary at least 4 times a year to give the birds anthelmintic drugs.

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