Growing roses on the garden plot, sooner or later you will have to face the technology of grafting on the wild rose. Even a beginner can master this simple procedure.. And this step-by-step instruction will help instill a rose.
Can I plant a rose on a wild rose?
The rose is considered quite a capricious plant. Requires careful maintenance, mineral-rich soil and a warm climate. You can create a wonderful rose garden by grafting a rose on a wild rose.. There is nothing complicated about it.The rose garden is created by grafting a rose on a wild rose.
In poor climatic conditions, roses slow down their growth, the bushes freeze, the buds do not bloom, and the stems themselves are ill. To avoid this, and spend such agrotechnical reception as budding on the hips.
Fastidious and unique varieties of flowers inoculate less whimsical relatives. With an optimal selection of types of roses, you can ensure their lush flowering in unusual conditions for them. And you can go the other way. Use as a stock wild rose, which is a distant relative of the Queen of Flowers. It is perfectly felt in a harsh climate and does not require special care. A healthy shrub with a well-developed root system is ideal for grafting.
Timing of vaccinations
As for the timing of vaccinations, spring is considered the best period. Leaves and young shoots appear on the bushes. It is important that new stems do not have time to start growing. The plant should not be disturbed during the resting period of the kidneys.
Vaccinated in the summer. In the stems, there is an active movement of the juice, which contributes to the rapid engraftment of rose cuttings. New shoots have faded and can be used as a graft. The robot starts to spend in July or August.
Use the grafting of roses in the winter - in February. This method is more time consuming and not so popular. The cuttings take root poorly, and the work is quite complicated.
How to plant a rose, step by step instructions
There are several ways to graft this beautiful plant. The first is quite laborious and time stretched. First, wild rose seeds are sown and thin, strong rootstocks are grown. When they get stronger and reach 1 cm in diameter, pick up the graft from the desired flower variety and start working.
On the trunk make a T-shaped incision. Insert a kidney with a stump there. Wrap a ribbon for its engraftment. All parts of the dog rose, located above the enlarged kidney, are cut.It is possible to plant a rose on a wild rose both in the end of winter, and in the summer
Most gardeners use a different method — quick grafting.. Choose a good graft with two sleeping buds. This rule is mandatory for execution. Shoot thickness should be greater than 6-7 mm. Cut cuttings stored in pieces of wet tissue.
Dogrose selection and preparatory work
As a stock, they use the root growth of a briar, from the age of three years. Choose a shrub with a well-developed root neck, which is 10 mm thick . The top layer (bark) must be mature and exfoliate from the wood. Rosehip dig, carefully remove the ground from the root part and wipe it. The bark should have a light appearance. On the neck of the bush make two oblique incisions with the tongue.
Putting dogrose, prepare a rose for grafting. Choose the desired area on the stem of the flower and cut the stalk with sleeping buds. Cut length - 5 cm . The movement of the knife should be sharp and to itself. The cuttings are taken slightly thinner than the prepared hips.
Works begin in mid-March. This is the optimal and generally accepted vaccination period (although there is a summer and winter vaccination).
The prepared cutting is tightly inserted into the incision of the root part of the hips. This is done as follows.: below the kidney stalk make 2 cm slanting incision . Top do cross section with a recess of 1–2 mm in the form of a ledge. Then prepare the place of splicing on the hips. A longitudinal section is made in the root part, the bark is removed and the rose stalk is inserted into the hole. The vaccination site is tightly tied with a suitable material - tape, adhesive tape, strips of cloth, polyethylene.
The bushes prepared in this way are placed in a box. If there are many sprouts, they are shifted with improvised materials (sawdust or moss), making sure that they are wet. Add a little crushed coal to prevent mold..
Boxes put in a cool place. The temperature should not exceed 15 degrees Celsius.. Artificially created conditions, such as high humidity, constant temperature contributes to the appearance of build-up at the site of vaccination. It is also called “callus” - a callus-like kidney. It is important to observe the required temperature in the room. In the case of its reduction to +10 degrees, the formation of "callus" is hampered. A higher temperature leads to active swelling of the kidneys.
After about 20 days, the boxes are moved to a room with a higher temperature.. By this time, the buds will no longer bloom. But the accretion, despite this, will continue. This is a long process, requiring endurance and constant temperature conditions.
Fully cuttings root will connect in one and a half to two months. Remove the dressing and planted bushes in the ground, covering the film. Do not allow the drying of the kidneys. To do this, they are wrapped in earth in the form of a small small hillock. With the emergence of new sprouts, the land is gradually raked. This is best done in case of cloudy weather, or in the evening after sunset. So it will be possible to avoid the burns of weak emerging shoots.
After the appearance of a sufficient number of leaves proceed to the formation of a rose bush. Cut the top of the shoot. This stops its development and leads to the appearance of lateral shoots. They are protected, as they will bloom. If the central young shoot continues to grow, it is reatched in the area of 5 or 6 leaves. . Proper vaccination leads to the formation of 3-5 young symmetrically located shoots.
Grafting in a T-shaped incision, budding
This type of vaccination has its own characteristics. With the help of an abrasive knife on the handle, a peephole is cut with or without wood. Step back 8 mm from the kidney and make a smooth cut down, leaving up to 12 mm under the kidney.Budding roses on dogrose
To successfully complete this operation, do the following:
- cross section under kidney. The movement should be smooth, capturing along with the bark and wood.
- too thick wood is unacceptable. To properly separate the eye, you need experience. Therefore, you should practice on dogrose.
- Perfect cut It turns out smooth, 3-4 cm in length and without visible damage.
When selecting plantings inspect the stems that have bloomed. From their middle part is the formation of cuttings.
Determine the readiness of the kidneys for grafting on the spikes. If they break off easily without a layer of bark, it means they are ripe.
Care of grafted plants
For the further development of grafted roses, they need the right care. The first week of the bush abundantly watered.. The area around is cleared of weeds, the soil is loosened in order to avoid the appearance of pests.
After proper inoculation on a bush, young shoots will be formed in autumn. That he normally wintered, his spud, sprinkled and tamped. In the spring it is all rake.
For another year, the grafted part of the plant is cut by one peephole. In 14-20 days, the kidneys will wake upand the rose will grow. With the advent of these three leaflets pinch the top of the shoot. In the future, the main task is the formation of a luxuriant and sprawling bush. And in the fall the plant is planted in a permanent place.In the fall, the roses are planted in a permanent place.
Finally, here are some helpful tips.:
- for stock use plants with well-developed root collar, up to 10 mm thick,
- take mature brancheswhich break down when bent
- optimal spike thicknessused for graft - 7 mm
- cut shoots better in the morning, to save juice,
- prepared grafts stored in wet tissue pieces,
- for comfort better to work in dry weather.
Young grafted roses are planted in the shade. It is necessary to watch how the bush takes roots. If necessary, remove all dead branches and continue to care for roses..
Following these recommendations, you can be sure that your roses will not turn into a rosehip again immediately, but will delight your eyes with their beauty.
To quickly grasp the essence of the matter and understand how to properly plant a rose on a wild rose, you first need to understand some technical terms.
Budding - this is the grafting of plants, this is the way in which a specially grown stock (in our case - dogrose) inoculate a rose bud, peephole.
Why roses are born in the dog rose
It often happens that a stubbornly grown rosebush begins to reincarnate as a dog rose. The main thing is to catch the moment of “savagery” in time and do everything possible to reverse the rebirth of a wonderful flower.
When a rose blooms, it is impossible to confuse it with a dog rose, it has an original large flower with a large number of petals, and the flowers of a dog rose are famous for white, cyclamen shades and form rounded edible fruits.
Preparing a rose bud
If we consider the summer version of crossing, then cultural cuttings (grafts) are harvested immediately before selection.
For spring vaccinations, when the buds have not yet dissolved, the cuttings are prepared from late autumn or from the beginning of winter, and they are usually kept in a refrigerator or basement, wrapped in film at a temperature of +1 to –4 ° C.
The crossing should be carried out with specially prepared tools for this, namely an abrasive knife (sharp and clean) and a tape about 30 cm long and no more than 1.5 cm wide.
- To prepare for the grafting process, they scoop the earth from the hips, wipe the neck (the point where the root connects to the stem) with a rag or napkin, and make a T-shaped incision on it.
- Then on the prepared handle you need to separate the flap and cut it shallowly, separating the bud with the petiole.
- On the dog rose, with the tip of the knife, unfold the edges of the incision made and, gently holding the petiole, insert the kidney into the incision.
- Now you need to firmly press the kidney to the wood and tight enough to tie up the vaccination site. Eye must be left free.
T-shaped budding and budding in the butt: the difference
As you know, there are two basic methods of budding - T-shaped and in the “butt”, and there is a difference between them. The method of carrying out the T-notch inoculation in this article is given above. But the budding in the "butt" is carried out in the case when the bark is badly lagging behind, and when it is difficult to make a T-shaped incision.
Budding of standard roses
The standard rose has a luxurious lush crown, which rests on an elegant long stem (trunk). To meet the decorative beauty is impossible in the wild, it is grown exclusively by skilled gardeners.
Information on how to plant a rose on a dog-rose can now be found on many Internet sites, but this article contains the most accurate and verified information. The selection criteria for suitable rose hips for budding are basically the same as for other varieties:
- winter hardiness
- natural compatibility with the "queen of the garden",
- the ability to give a straight and smooth stem,
- strong roots
- high resistance to diseases and pests
- strong and flexible shoots.
Features spring vaccinations
Consider the main features of the spring vaccination. For budding in the spring, cuttings are harvested in the fall or at the beginning of winter so that they ripen well and do not get damaged by frost. The spring vaccine is good because it gives quick results, by the end of the season a pretty bush is already developing. This vaccine is also called "budding with a sprouting eye." It also gives you the opportunity to re-vaccinate last year's bad budding.
Features of the summer vaccination
Some features of the summer vaccination:
- summer propagation of roses by grafting is carried out from mid-July to mid-August,
- in order to spend budding in the summer time, you need to purchase a stock in spring or autumn,
- before budding itself, it is necessary to water the stock regularly, this will serve to intensive movement of nutrient juices in the bark, the flexibility of the wood and its moistening, as well as facilitate the easy separation of the bark in the process.
Highlights in winter budding
Many experts recommend planting a rose in the winter. The best time for this is mid-December. Consider the main points when winter crossing:
- before the procedure, the cuttings and the stock must be heated well,
- then cutting of cuttings follows, two or three ocelli should be left,
- after doing the budding (see above), the graft should be dipped in melted paraffin to the level of the film,
- bundle seedlings and store them in boxes,
Why plant roses?
The goal of any grower is to grow flowers, to increase the collection of varieties. Roses in home floriculture propagate vegetatively. Often they practice rooting cuttings from bouquet roses. By cuttings receive a root-bearing plant.
Vaccination is an opportunity to get a new variety of roses that can grow in the garden without suffering from the harsh climate of central Russia.
The problem of frost resistance solves wild rose, which gardeners have successfully used as a stock.
Grafted roses have several advantages over own-rosary roses. Arguments in favor of grafting on dogrose:
- a grafted plant has more vitality
- starts blooming early
- has good immunity
- not afraid of winter frosts.
As a stock, you can use a rose of another variety. The point is to accelerate the development, to bring the rose to bloom at the expense of a well-developed and fast-growing root system of another variety.
In temperate climates it is recommended to use Rósa canína - dog rose. This shrub grows in the European part of Russia, Crimea. Brier rootstock ideal for growing roses on alkaline and slightly alkaline soils. Other varieties can be used as stock:
- Multiflora rose (multiflora Thnb) - suitable for the southern regions with a mild climate,
- Far Eastern rose (rugosa Thnb) - used for cultivation of strong-growing roses and park varieties,
- Chinese rose (rósa chinénsis).
Basic terms to be understood:
Rootstock - A plant that is inoculated into the root neck or stem.
Graft - This is the part of the plant (bud, stalk) that can settle down, continue to grow on another plant - the stock, while retaining the varietal characteristics.
Handle - part of the annual escape with the kidneys.
Peephole - kidney located in the leaf sinus.
Neck - a small segment at the junction of the root and stem.
Tools and banding
Vaccination is an operation and not only skilled hands of a gardener are needed, but also high-quality garden tools. To work with the material (graft, stock), you can use the tools:
- grafted pruner,
- knife for budding
- gardening scissors.
Grafted pruner has replaceable knives, facilitates making cuts of the same size on scions and rootstocks. Qualitatively made cuts guarantee a good result. Cut the cuttings with garden shears. Convenient in the use of models of high-strength steel, small size, with rubberized handles.
Appointment of an abrasive knife: make smooth T-shaped cuts, cut the shield. There is a special knuckle on the blade to separate the bark from the wood. The edge is sharpened on the one hand, the sharp angle of sharpening. It is important the quality of the steel from which the blade is made, and its thickness, it should not exceed 2 mm. To sharpen the blade, you need a coarse-grained bar and paste "Goi" for polishing.
On a note. The result of vaccination depends not only on the quality of the instruments, but also on its purity.
The binding material can be made by yourself or purchased in a specialized shop. Usually, just cut the tape of the desired width of a suitable material:
- plastic film,
- medical oilcloth,
- electrical tape.
When budding, the width of the tape is 15 mm, the width of the binding for fixing the cutting is 25 mm.
Grafted on dogrose
For the stock, you can take a wild rose - 2 summer plant. Its characteristics:
- good root system
- barrel thickness 7-8 mm.
A week before the operation, the bush is abundantly watered and spud. Watering accelerates the movement of juice, after it bark leaves wood better.
It is easier to learn the most common way of grafting roses - budding. Budding is a vaccination eye. The recommended timing of vaccinations for the middle band is July-August.
Cut off the stem of the varietal shrub on the day of grafting. We choose a strong annual escape with fully formed buds located in the axils of the leaves. We cut off the central part with 3-4 buds.
We clean the stalk of thorns. Cut the leaves, leaving petioles. We choose the most developed kidney (peephole). The flap will be cut after we make a T-shaped cut on the stock.
To do this, rake the earth from the neck, clean it with a piece of clean rags. Прививочным секатором или окулировочным ножом делаем Т-образный разрез. Осваивать технику прививки проще ножом, понятнее.
Сначала сделать на шейке горизонтальный разрез (1 см), потом – вертикальный, ведя нож снизу вверх. When the knife reaches the horizontal cut, unscrew the bark.
Cut 2 cm flap with a well-developed kidney, remove the wood. Insert the flap into the incision and press it down firmly with the bark. Proceed to strapping. Begin to lay the straps of the strapping tape on top.
The kidney must remain outside, so when tying it you need to carefully bypass the tape above and below. The end of the winding is fixed under the extreme turn located below the cut. After 2 weeks, if the operation was successful, the stem will disappear.
In the spring you can spend budding germinating eye, if the budding summer ended in failure. Use the same bush, T-shaped incision to have on the other side or at a different height.
Grafting a rose on a stand
Rose on shtambe - the dream of any gardener. Grow it really, if you continue to master the technique of grafting by budding. To get a standard rose you need a stock.
You can grow it from wild rose seeds collected in the fall, or you can find a suitable two-year bush in the forest or at your cottage. The bush should consist of healthy, non-branching shoots. It is necessary to leave one shoot the most direct, cut off all others at the level of the neck.
Before you dig a seedling, you need to shorten all the branches that grow in the future trunk. Their maximum length should not exceed 20 cm.
Keep the stock in the cellar, get it on the onset of warm days, plant on the garden plot prepared for it. When planting, sprinkle the root collar and the lower part of the trunk with earth.
Budding with a sleeping eye is carried out in the period from the end of July to the 20th of August. The principle of vaccination in the summer on a rose is described above. The difference in the location of the vaccine. When grafting in the root neck, a shrub rose variety is obtained. To get a standard rose, two T-shaped cuts are made at that height where they plan to form a crown:
- 80 cm from the ground - low crown,
- 1.2 m - crown of medium height,
- 1.5 - high.
Before grafting, root and shoots are cut out, located below the graft site. Inoculate 2 peepholes, placing them from different sides of the trunk. The result of the operation is visible after 2 weeks. If everything is successful, the scape disappears. A blackened, dried kidney is a sign of a failed vaccination.
The standard rose in the hands of a skilled gardener becomes a real art object. Pick up different varieties of roses and spend in several stages budding. The result - a beautiful tree, blooming all summer with different colors of flowers.
Summer vaccination cuttings
Cuttings of varietal roses are used in the summer for re-grafting. As a stock suitable wild rose bushes. For the scion take half-woody shoots with good bark. Cut them into cuttings with 2 internodes. Leaves are not removed, but shortened by half length. Graft over the bark.
To ensure that the grafted plant has constant moisture, it is covered with wet white paper and polyethylene. It is possible to clean the mini-greenhouse after 14 days.
Such vaccinations can be done no later than July 20.
We plant a home rose
In spring, you can plant room roses with cuttings or a bud. Cuttings cut immediately before surgery. Choose a location for vaccination - a branch or trunk. Methods of grafting indoor roses:
- cutting in splinter,
- oblique inoculation.
The slices should be perfectly smooth. They make a sharp, clean tool. Connect quickly. From the time of the cut to the connection of the scion and rootstock should take no more than 2 minutes.
The budding method was described above. Inoculation in cleft is carried out according to the following scheme:
- Flat (horizontal) cut the upper part of the stock.
- In the center of the slice do split to a depth of 2-3 cm.
- Graft (stalk varietal roses) cut nakoso (wedge).
- The graft is inserted into the cleft.
- Place vaccinations wrapped with tape.
- The grafted plant is placed in a warm room, watered moderately, but regularly.
- Provide diffused lighting.
In order to inoculate with an oblique cut the diameters of the stems of the stock and the scion must be the same. The corners of the slices should also be the same. Graft and stock combine, getting a straight line, winding tape.
Care after vaccination
For grafted plants need to care. Autumn shoots of roses, grafted into the root, cut. The plant is sprinkled with earth and fallen leaves. In winter, they throw a thick layer of snow. In the spring mulch is removed.
Rose grafted in shtamb:
- spud to a height of 20 cm
- gently bend down to the ground
- equip shelter using non-woven fabric
- in winter they fall asleep with snow.
In the spring, they rake off the ground, remove the harness, back away from the grafted eye of 0.5 cm and cut the stock. Slice covered with garden pitch. Eyes wake up after 3 weeks. The crown is formed by pinching the tops of shoots growing from the buds.
The grafted rose in summer requires care, it includes the following work:
- weed removal
- top dressing complex fertilizers.
In the fall, a strong, formed bush can be transplanted.
How to plant grafted roses
Each climate zone has its own time for planting grafted roses. In central Russia, grafted roses are usually planted in the garden:
- in the spring (04 to 20.05),
- in the fall (from 01.09 to 10.10).
Roses grafted into a stem are planted only in spring. In a flowerbed, a pit is prepared for planting 0.5 * 0.5 m. Ground is prepared for bedding:
- garden land (2 hours),
- humus (2 hours),
- sand (1 h).
A small stake is driven into the center of the pit. Its upper end should not stand for the site of vaccination. An important point - the backfilling of the roots. Void should not be. The earth should fit snugly to the roots. Rose plentifully watered. Stem soft knit fixed to the peg. Support is needed so that the wind does not break it.
When planting a rose bush grafted into the root neck, the rule is followed: the bush is placed so that the root neck is covered with earth, and the graft does not protrude above its surface. The optimum location of the budding site is 2 cm below ground level. Overgrowth is formed if the graft is above ground level. There is a slow growth of roses with a strong deepening of the budding site.
Learning to propagate roses with the help of grafting is not easy. Practice will help and the necessary set of knowledge about the varieties of roses, types of rootstocks, their optimal combinations.
When can I be vaccinated?
Depending on the timing of distinguish:
- Spring vaccination. The procedure must be carried out no later than the end of May, until the buds begin to blossom.
- Summer vaccine. By August, the roses bloom and stay in active sap flow, which contributes to the easy separation of the bark and good graft grafting.
- Winter vaccination. It is possible to plant a rose at the end of winter, however this method requires preliminary preparation of a rosehip seedling and rose shoots. In the autumn the dog rose should be transplanted into a pot and lowered into the basement. The cuttings of roses are also stored there.
How to choose a stock and graft?
For rootstock it is best to use varieties of wild rose with high winter hardiness. It is desirable that the shoots were not very many thorns - this will complicate the process of grafting. Ideally vaccinated on dog rose Dog rose, it hibernates well and is not very prickly.
As a stock, only rosehip seedlings not older than three years, grown from seed, are suitable.
5 -7 days before the spring or summer inoculation, the bush of the dog rose must be started to be watered regularly. This enhances sap flow in the shoots, making the bark easier to peel off.
As for the rose, then for the scion one should choose healthy annual shoots, on which the wood has matured well (it should be smooth and shine), with strongly developed buds.
Step-by-step instructions for grafting roses to dogrose
According to reviews of experienced flower growers, one of the best results is the grafting of a pink bud into the root neck of a dog rose, or budding. The survival rate with this method is more than 90%.
The sequence of actions is as follows:
- Rosehip bush should be slightly excavated before the root collar is exposed, and wipe it well with a damp sponge. The root must be clean, so that the soil does not fall into the place of vaccination.
- Use a sharp knife to make two cuts on the bark of the cervix - longitudinal, about 5 cm long, and transverse, about 2 cm. They should be positioned so that the letter "T" is obtained.
- With a cuttings of roses cut the very large bud. Make the cut oblique, and the total length of the shield - no more than 3 cm.
- Carefully open the incision on the briar neck and insert a bud into it with a pink shoot. The kidney itself must remain outside. If necessary, shorten the flap.
Close the incision tightly on the neck, fixing the kidney, and using the tape to wrap the vaccination site. Prikopat bush hips to the ground slightly closed the peephole. If after a month the kidney remained green - the vaccine was successful.
Grafting roses on dogrose, or the concept of graft and rootstock
Independent cultivation of a rosebush is a difficult task. The beauty is demanding to the composition of the soil - it loves nutritious soil, full of humus, to the temperature regime - does not tolerate frosts, to the length of daylight hours - does not give rich flowering where there is little sun. And the rosehip bush is like a weed: it grows on all sorts of soils, it feels great, it pleases with abundant flowering of pink buds and a harvest of berries. That is why it is chosen as the basis on which the rose will be grafted. And the dogrose in this case is called the stock, and the rose - graft.
Requirements for stock and graft. Important features
As a stock, use a dog rose bush not younger than 3 years old and one that was not planted from a cutting. Roses are grafted onto strong, healthy shoots of the uterine bush, which are at least 10 mm in diameter. The bark on the dog rose should be smooth, uniform, without damage.
The graft is selected from cultivated varieties and better - local selection. This ensures a better survival rate of the plant, less susceptibility to diseases. For a graft, cuttings with a well-pronounced dormant kidney are cut from the stem, the rest are pinched. All forces for the development of the scion should be focused on the growth of the stem, and not on the development of the kidneys.
Attention! Prepared cuttings of roses with buds can be wrapped in wet
rag and store in the refrigerator - as a last resort. But not more than 7 days! The best option - fresh cuttings for grafting.
A new rose on the old dog rose, or else the “old-fashioned” method of grafting
Budding in the root collar is the best method of vaccination, which is characterized by 90% survival rate and simple care. And already from the grafted cuttings (in the spring of this year), next autumn, small independent plants can be obtained. Those that in a few years will hit with abundant blooms!
And now - accurate and complete instructions for grafting roses on dogrose. This is an event requiring compliance with the rules so that you are satisfied with the result. You need to start with a good mood, enough free time and check the availability of the necessary tools. So that at the most crucial moment there was a grafting knife, a secateur, a plastic film, an adhesive tape, and a shovel.
- Preparation of the scion, which consists of cutting with previously selected, strong and healthy, cuttings of roses of the scion buds together with a scute (the length of the latter is 2 cm).
- Preparation of the rootstock: it is necessary to isolate the wild rose bushes, clean the neck of the bush from weeds and soil, wipe off the soil with a damp cloth.
- Make a T-shaped incision on the north side of the bush's neck. This will provide maximum protection from winds and sunlight, which will facilitate the speedy survival.
- Insert the prepared graft in the T-shaped incision, gently bending the bark. Close the upper and lower parts of the stock with a film, squeeze (but not transfer) tightly, roll them with tape or rag.
- Cover the grafted kidney with a wet primer.
The rose has been grafted onto the dog rose, but it’s too early to talk about the results. Ahead - painstaking work on the care of the graft, on which the end result depends!
Competent rose hip care, or the future of the rose bush
Cutting the cuttings, finding a stock and planting several buds on a new plant is only half the battle. The second is to provide the best conditions for the survival of the scion. If everything goes right, by the fall a rose on a dog-rose will form its own shoots. And next spring it will be possible to begin the formation of the future rose bush.
For now only work on care of a neck of a dogrose bush. In the first days after vaccination, one should not forget about:
- constant soil moisture. Water will not only contribute to the better nutrition of the plant, delivering beneficial substances, but also be able to contribute to a fast-growing, easy and simple,
- clean earth. We can not allow weeds to overgrow the place at the bush's neck, because weeding can damage the graft and the rose will not take root. It will be necessary to start all over again,
- loose soil through which water and oxygen will easily flow, enriching the stock and helping to develop properly.
With a proper procedure, in the fall a rose on a dog rose will sprout. You do not need to do anything with them, it remains only to wrap a bush, protecting it from frost, and wait until spring.
In the spring of next year, when it gets warmer, you should dig up the neck of a bush and release the bud that has become an escape from the plastic film. Rosehip pruned, as well as begin shaping the future rose bush. In the autumn of this year, you can transplant a rose to its permanent place. Pleased with success, think again about grafting!