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Astilby best varieties

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For those who like to decorate their garden with a variety of flowers and plants, it is extremely important to use every corner of it to make the composition as a result complete and harmonious. There are no problems with sunny areas, but what about those where the sun rarely falls? Especially for such a case, a shade-loving, unpretentious plant is ideal, and it will become a worthy decoration even in the most sophisticated garden. Speech about Astilbe. Today you will learn about the main varieties and types of this plant, as well as be able to get acquainted with their detailed description (photos are attached).

Astilba: a brief description of the plant

Astilbe is a beautiful perennial plant that grows mainly in countries with a monsoon climate (in particular, in Asia - China, Japan, etc.). Astilba is not large. The plant has a straight enough strong stem, dense rhizome, threefold leaves, which firmly stick on the basal petioles.

Astilba inflorescences have a metelkovidny structure and differ not only in gentle color, but also in aroma. They are located mainly on the top of the stem and have a length of from 20 to 60 cm.

Astilbe flowers can be painted in a wide variety of shades of red, purple and white. The leaves of the plant are quite large, lush, forming a beautiful dense bush. Depending on the weather, season and variety, the leaves also differ in a rather rich color range. So, they can be presented not only in a standard green palette, but also in various shades of burgundy, bronze and even metallic shades.

The plant blooms for a short time (only about 2 weeks) in the summer. Usually astilba begins to bloom no earlier than the end of June. He loves moisture very much, so he needs frequent and regular watering. But astilba does not like a large amount of light, therefore partial shade is quite suitable for its cultivation.

Basic classification

Astilba classification is quite complicated. This is due primarily to the fact that quite a wide range of gardeners, landscape designers and simply collectors of unusual plants is interested in its cultivation. And, then, the plant species must be classified in such a way that it can be planted in an optimal way.

So, astilba is classified into 3 main groups depending on the characteristics of its structure and size of the bush.

The height of the plant is:

  • Dwarf - its height rarely exceeds 25-30 cm.
  • Low - maximum height reaches 0.6 m.
  • Middle - plant height ranges from 0.6 to 0.9 m.
  • Tall - plants represented in this group exceed in their height at 1 m.

Depending on the timing of flowering, varieties of astilbe can be divided into 3 groups: early, medium, late. Since the plant blooms exclusively in the summer, the first bloom is June, the second is July, and the third, respectively, is August.

Astilba inflorescences are also quite diverse in shape. They can be:

  • Pyramid. The inflorescence looks accordingly in the form of a pyramid, narrowed in proportion to the top. Lateral branches deviate from the main stem at a right angle.
  • Rhombic. They are externally similar to pyramidal ones, but the lateral branches do not narrow as they approach the apex, but only deviate from it at a right angle.
  • Drooping They got their name due to the fact that they elegantly hang down from the bottom on a thin flexible stem that cannot hold a magnificent inflorescence straight.
  • Paniculata. The inflorescences, as in the previous versions, are represented by lateral branches deviating from the main stem at a right angle, but at the same time they grow rather densely.

Astilba Japanese

A rather compact plant, the height of which usually does not exceed 0.8 m. The leaves of the variety are quite modest in size, have a shiny smooth surface, covered with intricate beautiful patterns. The inflorescences of the Japanese Astilbe bloom for a long time, and even when they wither, they decorate the garden until late autumn.

This variety has been cultivated for over 150 years. It survives well and endures adverse weather conditions.

Council For those who would like to grow astilba near a reservoir or mixboxer, the Japanese may be an ideal option, since it is not at all afraid of excess moisture.

Astilba Japanese belongs to winter-hardy varieties, so it can not even cover for the cold period of the year.

Astilba Chinese

Varieties of this variety can be as dwarf (only about 15 cm in height), and quite high (about 1 m). Tall varieties bloom mainly in the summer (from June to August), and low - only in late summer - early autumn.

In tall varieties, the inflorescence is quite lush, paniculate, its length reaches 30-35 cm. The leaves of the Chinese astilba bushes are large enough, of a rich green color, with a lace border and reddish veins.

The Chinese hybrid, in contrast to the Japanese, does not like shade and moisture at all, and therefore is perfect for sunny, well-warmed areas. At the end of summer lush inflorescences appear on the peduncles - “candles”.

Astilba Amethyst

The plant is representative of the variety Arends, with more than 40 different varieties. Almost all varieties from this category of astilbe are represented by quite powerful spherical / pyramidal bushes with lush bright buds of various shades of red, purple and white.

Amethyst is one of the most popular astilbe Arends species. It is represented by medium-sized bushes with purple / lilac flowers and large bright green (sometimes brownish) leaves.

Astilba Straussenfeder

The plant belongs to the group of Thunberg. Shrubs are quite dense, decorative appearance. The leaves have a fairly smooth structure, presented in a dark green color. Drooping inflorescences of this species are quite large (can reach 20-25 cm in length). Have a rich coral color. In the height of the bushes reach 1 m.

The plant is very fond of shady places with moist light soil. Great for gardening various sites. Planted as an additional monogroup in the garden, near the reservoir, etc.

Astilbe Arends

This hybrid astilbe (most hybrids are derived from Chinese astilbe) grows to a height of 1 m. The plant has a strong and branched rhizome. The shape of the bush - sprawling, pyramidal or spherical. Leaves - complex, feathery, with jagged edges. Flowering occurs in July-August and lasts up to 40 days. These astilbs are ideal for cutting.

Color Flash (Color Flash)

This sredneroslaya astilba (up to 65 cm high) is primarily remarkable for its unique leaves, which change color. In the spring they are bright green, in the summer gradually, starting from the edges, turn red and purple. Inflorescences are narrow panicles of pale pink color. They bloom in early August.

Color Flash Lime (Color Flash Lime)

This plant differs from the previous only in leaf color. In the spring, it is citric with a purple edging, in the summer it gradually darkens and becomes greenish, and closer to autumn, the leaves in the center become creamy, and along the edges - dark green. On the background of bright leaves look great purple blossoms.

Bronzelaub (Bronzelaub)

This astilbe has unpaved inflorescences, but they are harmoniously combined with reddish-green leaves. The flowers bloom in July and at first have a light pink color, and eventually become almost white.

Different astilbe varieties look great in group plantings. It looks interesting flower garden, which harmoniously combines plants of different heights and colors. In the background it is better to plant the highest astilbe and with each row to reduce the height of plantings by selecting the appropriate varieties. In the same way, you can "play" with color - to make transitions from light to dark.

But do not forget: astilba feels good in low light. Of course, in the deep shadow of tall plants it should not be planted, but the neighborhood with deciduous shrubs and trees will not harm, and even help to extend the flowering period. For information on where and how to plant astilba correctly, see Astilba's article, planting and care in the open field.

Astilbe is a representative of a genus of herbaceous perennial plants with an aerial part dying in winter. This is an unpretentious flower, which is suitable for gardening of park areas, avenues, flower beds, public places, and for your own garden. We bring to your attention the most beautiful and common varieties of flowers astilba with a description.

A variety of early flowering. Medium leaf bush. The height of the bush can reach 1 meter. The leaves are small, graceful, green-brown. Inflorescences in the form of panicle, up to 30 cm in length and up to 12 cm in diameter. The flowers are large, 5-6 cm in diameter, blue-violet. The fragrance of the flowers is almost elusive. Blossom starts early, blooms continuously, up to 35 days. The variety is frost resistant, loves shade and requires constant watering.

to contents ↑ Arends

Hybrid variety breeder Arends. Summer bloom variety. Shallow bush The height of the bushes can reach 160 cm. The leaves are medium in size, dark green in color, they are few in the bushes. Inflorescences, panicles high, large and dense, up to 50 cm in length and 20 cm in diameter. The flowers are large, up to 8 cm in diameter, rich pink color. The aroma is very subtle. The variety blooms all summer. Does not like the shadow. Bad tolerates frosts.

to content ↑ Visiones Red

A variety of Chinese astilbe late bloom. Bush compact, short, up to 30 cm. The leaves are large, shiny, green, openwork and carved. Inflorescences-panicles dense, dense, small. The flowers are bright purple, small, with a strong strong aroma. Variety blooms from late August to late September, rarely, but may bloom longer. Frost-resistant variety, loves moisture and shade. Requires a transplant every 5 years.

to content ↑ Gloria (white)

Hybrid variety of medium flowering. Bush srednerosly, foliage average. The height of the bush can be 50-70 cm. The leaves are dark green in color with protein, carved openwork form. Inflorescences-panicles are luxuriant, rhomboid, small, up to 15 cm long, very fragile. The flowers are small, white and with a strong aroma. Variety loves penumbra and abundance of moisture. Does not tolerate severe frosts.

to content ↑ Pomegranate (red)

Perennial variety of flowers simple garden astilbe. Bushes of this variety can reach a height of 2 meters. The leaves are large, openwork, carved, green with a tint. Located in the root zone of the shrub. Panicle inflorescences occupy approximately 70% of the entire height of the bush. The flowers are blood-red, large, up to 8 cm in diameter. The colors have a honey aroma. The shrub begins to bloom in July, the duration of flowering up to 40 days. Frost-resistant, light-loving and moisture-loving variety.

to content ↑ Diamond

A variety of white hybrid flowers breeder Arends. Bushes are wide, spreading, pyramidal, up to 70 cm in diameter and up to 1.5 m in height. The leaves are dark green, medium in size, there are few leaves on the bushes. Inflorescences, panicles high, dense, pyramidal, up to 50 cm in length. The flowers are large, up to 8 cm in diameter, white. The fragrance is subtle. Flowering is long, up to 40 days from mid-summer. The variety is well suited for the Moscow region and the surrounding regions.

to content ↑ Europe

Japanese astilbe variety of early flowering period. Bushes are low, sprawling, up to 50 cm in height. The leaves are bright green, openwork, carved, located in the root zone of the bush and there are few of them. Inflorescences, panicles pyramidal shape, dense, densely covered with flowers, reaching 20 cm in length. The flowers are large, pale pink delicate shade. Flowers have no fragrance. Duration of flowering up to 30 days from the end of May. Frost-resistant. It is desirable to plant in the shade and not on loose soils. Requires stable abundant watering.

to content ↑ Lavender

Variety early bloom. Sprawling shrubs, high up to 1 meter. The leaves are dark green with glitter, small and lots of them. The leaves are located in the root zone of the shrub. Inflorescences, panicles are not particularly lush, up to 25 cm in length. The flowers are small, lavender-colored, on their inflorescence a bit. Flowers emit a strong aroma with notes of honey. The duration of flowering shrubs can be all summer since mid-June. The variety is frost-resistant, grows well both in the sun and in the shade.

to content ↑ Montgomery

Japanese astilbe variety of early flowering period. Sprawling bush, volumetric, up to 70 cm in height and 50 cm in volume. The leaves are medium in size, shiny, green, divided, triple, leaves on the bush a little. Inflorescences-panicles lush, up to 17 cm in length. The flowers are large, rhombic, up to 10 cm in diameter. Flowers do not emit aroma. Flowering lasts 15-20 days in June. The variety is frost resistant, loves moisture, does not like shade. Requires a transplant every 5 years.

to content ↑ Nemo

Hybrid variety of early flowering. Bush of medium height up to 75 cm, spreading, up to 50 cm in width. The leaves are large, dark green, located in the root zone. Inflorescences, panicles high, dense, up to 20 cm in length. The flowers are large, rich pink color. Blooms profuse from June to July. Variety loves moisture, warm sunny place. It tolerates winter. Resistant to most diseases.

to content ↑ Purple Rhine (pink)

Hybrid variety of Chinese dwarf astilbe early bloom. Bushes are small, compact, 40-50 cm tall. The leaves are small, shiny, light green. There are few leaves on the bushes. Inflorescences-panicles fragile, small, up to 12 cm in length. The flowers are small, purple-pink color. Flowers emit a very bright honey aroma. Flowering is long, up to 40 days starting from the end of June. The unpretentious grade, does not demand cutting, is not afraid of frosts.

to content ↑ Red Sentinel

A variety of red flowers of medium flowering period. The bush is low, wide, spreading, up to 70 cm in height. There are few leaves on the bushes. The leaves are large, dark green, carved, located in the root zone of the shrub. The main inflorescence is a panicle 30-40 cm long, dense. The flowers are small, red, collected in small panicle pyramidal inflorescences. Flowering lasts up to 30 days from the end of July. The plant is frost-resistant, photophilous. A variety can grow up to 10 years in one place without replanting.

to content ↑ Pink ostrich feather

Variety of tall flowers astilba late bloom. The bush is tall, spreading, up to 1 meter in height. The leaves are large, carved, emerald green. The inflorescence is up to 40 cm long, drooping, resembles an ostrich feather. The flowers are small, fluffy, pale pink. The flowering period is long, from late August to mid-autumn. The variety requires a sunny place and abundant watering. Cold resistant.

to content ↑ Sister Teresa

Hybrid variety breeder Arends. The bush is tall, with almost no leaves. Externally, the bush resembles a fluffy ball. The height of the bush is up to 80 cm. The leaves are large, located in the root zone of the shrub, carved, dark green and with a burgundy shade, shiny. Inflorescences-panicles up to 40 cm long. The flowers are small, gathered in lush small peach-colored inflorescences. Flowers emit a cloying scent. The period of flowering varieties up to 20 days from the end of July. The variety does not tolerate shade and does not tolerate severe frosts.

to content ↑ Thunberg

A variety of Japanese astilbe late bloom. Bush up to 1 meter. The leaves are green-yellow with a brown stem, divided, openwork. There are few leaves on the bushes. Whisk inflorescence up to 50 cm long. The flowers are small, fluffy, white and pink, with a honey aroma. Flowering period of about a month since the end of August. Frost-resistant, shade-loving and moisture-loving variety.

to content ↑ Henny Grafland

Variety late bloom. Bush of medium height up to 70 cm. The leaves are carved, small, openwork, light green. There are many leaves and they are located in the root zone of the bush. Inflorescence-whisk long to 40 cm, thin and fragile. The flowers are pale pink, fluffy, small, in paniculate inflorescences. Flowering period up to 40 days from the beginning of September. Variety tolerates shady terrain, frost. Loves moisture. Requires annual transplant.

to content ↑ Yunik Karmin

Hybrid dwarf variety of flowers astilbe medium flowering period. Bushes are small, but wide, up to 40 cm in diameter and up to 45 cm in length. The leaves are large, there are many dark bushes on them. Inflorescences-panicles are lush, dense. The flowers are small, fluffy, red-pink color. Flowering is long and abundant. The variety blooms from late July to 2 months. Frost-resistant. It grows in full sun in the shade and in partial shade, but with constant watering.

Astilba is an unpretentious, but quite spectacular plant that has won wide popularity among gardeners. Thanks to original inflorescences and rather decorative leaves, this perennial can become a real decoration of the garden plot. Bush plant from 20 to 200 cm in height (depending on the variety). It has paniculate inflorescences from 8 to 60 cm, white, pink, red, purple and all shades intermediate between these colors. Цветёт с июня по сентябрь. После цветения образует семенную коробочку. Подробнее о выращивании астильбы ЗДЕСЬ.

Классификация астильбы по формам соцветий:

Пирамидальная. Боковые ветки каждого соцветия растут практически под углом в 90 градусов от основной оси. Они имеют свойство равномерно уменьшаться по ходу роста к верхушке.
Ромбическая. Название пошло от формы листьев, похожей на ромб. Каждое из соцветий растет под острым углом от основания. В большинстве случаев, сюда относятся «Японские» сорта Астильбы.
Метельчатая. Цветки этого вида растут под острым углом, только имеют достаточно большое количество разветвлений. Чаще всего к ним относятся сорта «Арендса».
Поникающая. Стебель соцветия гибкий и дугообразный. Их также называют «поникшими» соцветиями. These include the varieties “Tenberg” and “Lemoine”.

ASTILBA RENTAL

Astilbe of this species has about forty varieties and is named after the breeder G. Arends, who bred the variety. These astilba bushes grow up to 1.5 meters in height, have dark green leaves with a burgundy border. Inflorescences are of two types: circular and in the form of a cone. Differs in long flowering and high peduncles from white to dark burgundy. The following are popular varieties of this type of astilbe.

Sredneroslyy variety reaches up to a meter in height, has light green leaves and strong stems with soft lilac inflorescences. Beautiful and as a single plant, and in mixed plantings, in flower beds and flower beds.

Lush bush with lush green leaves, grows about a meter in height, blooms with rhomboid inflorescences of soft pink color.

The leaves of this hybrid Ardens juicy dark green with a brown tinge. It grows up to 90 cm in height. Paniculate inflorescences are represented by all tones of red: from carmine to bright scarlet. Flowering lasts about 20-22 days.

Fluffy light purple inflorescences of hyacinth at the beginning of flowering resemble a Christmas tree. The main color of the leaves is juicy green, the edges are brownish. It grows up to a meter in height, blooms for 14 days.

This astilba is dazzlingly white, which stands out especially on the green background of leaves. A diamond blooms for about a month and will make an indelible impression on a green lawn among evergreen conifers.

Ruby grows to 80 cm in height. It has strong branched stems with green leaves tapering to the edge. Inflorescences - purple, pale shade, paniculate in shape. This variety is combined with more vivid colors and is suitable as a border for a flower bed.

This spectacular variety has an unusual color of the stems and leaves: the stems are burgundy, and the leaves are brown-red. No less beautiful carmine inflorescences. This variety can decorate any corner of the garden.

ASTILBA DAVIDA

This tall astilbe has been known to gardeners since 1902. This is a perennial sprawling bush with thin burgundy-colored stems. Green leaves are like feathery compositions. Leaf blades appear shriveled, the stalks and streaks on them are brown. Astilba David grows up to 1.5 meters in height. Inflorescences are not too lush, which is compensated by a bright pink color. The inflorescences have the shape of an elongated pyramid with a light fuzz along the axis. The plant blooms in late July - early August, blooms for two weeks. At the end of flowering seed boxes are formed.

ASTILBA Naked

A small shrub, blooming with pale pink small flowers in late June - early July. Many gardeners admire the dwarf bare astilba of the Saxatilis variety, which grows up to only 12 cm, and the bush has a diameter of no more than 15 cm. In the sun, its leaves are cast with bronze.

ASTILBA CHINESE

This species is quite high (up to 110 cm), does not need special care, it is completely unpretentious and frost-resistant. Gardeners especially appreciate and love him for his long flowering and bright varied colors. Most hybrids astilby Chinese stems of dark red color, patterned foliage, pilous hair, and paniculate inflorescences. Inflorescences are represented by shades of pink, lilac, red flowers, there are white. Chinese Astilbe is an aggressor: over time, its root system expands and pushes its neighbors.

The brightest varieties: ✿ "Vision In Red" - red with purple

✿ "Vision In Pink" - pale pink flowers
П "Purpurlanz" - inflorescences of purple hue.

ASTILBA IS A PLAIN

This plant has drooping inflorescences, whole juicy green and glossy leaves. Differs most fluffy panicles inflorescences white, cream and yellow. Especially frost-resistant in comparison with other varieties.

The most popular varieties: ✿ "Bronz Elegance" - pink with bronze tint

✿ "Straussenfider" - flowers of coral shade
✿ "Preacox Alba" - inflorescences with white tassels

ASTILBA TUNBERG

Perennial shrub grows to 80 cm in height. Its distinguishing feature is the glossy oval-shaped leaves with brown edges. Inflorescences in hybrids of Tunberg are long - up to 25 cm, in the form of a drooping brush.

Two varieties take root in the Urals: Проф “Professor van der Wielen” bush height up to 1 m, inflorescences white

✿ "Straussnfeder" - has pink brushes

ASTILBA JAPAN

Japanese hybrids have different heights - from 40 cm to 1 meter. Lace leaves have colors from light green to red-brown tones. Lush inflorescences come in a wide variety of shades. These plants are beautiful in single plantings, and the brightest of them can be the center of the composition. The following are popular varieties of this type of astilbe.

Low grade, does not grow up to half a meter. Leaves are fishnet, light green color. The inflorescences are large, up to 15 cm, crimson color.

Half-meter neat bushes with white inflorescences resembling snow-covered tops of Christmas trees.

Peach blossom

Compact bush, 60 cm in height. The leaves are bright green in the center, bordered by a brown stripe along the edge. The inflorescences are small, pale pink, but bloom not for long - up to 12 days.

Bush height - up to 80 cm. Inflorescences - thick, creamy-white or light pink shades.

Where to buy astilba seeds

The Scientific and Production Association “Gardens of Russia” has been engaged for 30 years in introducing the latest achievements of vegetable, fruit, berry and ornamental plant breeding into the widespread practice of amateur gardening. The association uses the most advanced technology, created a unique laboratory of microclonal propagation of plants. The main objectives of the NGO "Gardens of Russia" is to provide gardeners with quality planting material of popular varieties of various garden plants and new products of world breeding. Delivery of planting material (seeds, lukovets, seedlings) is carried out by Russian Post. We are waiting for you for shopping: NPO "Gardens of Russia"

In order to grow the most decorative and abundantly flowering plant, you must perform a number of simple conditions. Plant in loose and rich in organic loamy or sandy garden soil with the addition of complex mineral fertilizer, annually in spring or late autumn to richly mulch already matured astilb bushes with good rotted manure, compost or peat and do not forget to feed 3–4 times during the season, you should not need to fill with water. .

For maximum decoration, it is enough to follow simple rules of care. Opal Variety From my experience I want to add that the abundance of annual flowering also depends on the timely removal of faded stems. Astilba refers to perennials, in which each escape of renewal goes through a two-year development cycle. In the first year of the growing season, the replacement buds develop only a rosette of leaves, which appears after the maternal shoot fade away, on the lower part of which they sit. And only the following year, the peduncle should develop from the apical bud located inside the socket.

Astilba will bloom more abundantly, if you remove fading stems in time. Sort Gloria The development and appearance of young rosettes is inhibited if the flowering stems spend time and energy on setting the seeds, which, however, astilba rarely mature in the Moscow region. On the contrary, the timely removal of the flowering shooters stimulates the laying of full-fledged flower buds in developing new sockets, which, expanding, also pleasantly transform the bushes of plants until late autumn. Therefore, as soon as the Astilbe panicles begin to grow brown and lose their decorative effect, safely remove them, providing the plant with a long-awaited rest after the festive fireworks of flowering.

The modern abundance of magnificent varieties expands the range of application of astilbe, and it will adequately decorate any flower garden in the garden. For example, miniature and dwarf varieties, flaunting funny little panicles, such as

‘Perkeo’ ,

‘Dagalet’ ,

‘Liliput’ ,

‘Peter Pan’ ,

‘Sprite’ ,

‘Pumila’ in addition, its filigree-cut leathery foliage emphasizes the nobility of pictorial patterned or old mossy stones in rockeries.

Miniature astilba Lilliput will look great in rock arias. Curbs from compactly growing astilbe varieties from the groups of Arends (A.arendsii), Japanese (A.japonica), plain sheets (A.simplicifolia) and Thunberg (A.thunbergii) are not decorative in flower beds of regular style only during flowering. Until late autumn, bushes with graceful pinnately-cut leaves ideally hold a proper strict shape and never fall apart.

Astilbe in a flower garden. Astilba as rabbit and mixborders serve as excellent partners for daylilies, phlox, host, geicher, tradescantia, bruunner and many other popular garden crops. In flower beds, astilbe can be a soloing plant or successfully play the role of a secondary element or background for other flowers of a ceremonial flower garden, without losing its majestic expressiveness at all.

Astilbe are excellent partners for many garden crops. Variety Visions in Red In group landscape compositions astilb varieties with flaming colors - such as ‘Fanal’, ‘Etna’, ‘Glut’, ‘Spinell’, ‘Montgomery’, ‘Red Sentinel’ can serve as a bright accent and, like a flaming bonfire, attracts admiring glances.

The bright Montgomery is like a flaming fire A few and therefore popular varieties like ‘Straussenfeder’, ‘Avalanche’, ‘Brautschleier’, ‘Prof. Van der wielen ’, ‘Moerheimii’, ‘Flamingo’, ‘Pink Lighting’ with the most delicate gracefully drooping inflorescences will give flower gardens romance and lightness, creating the illusion of a waterfall turning red at sunset, now covered with winter snow covered with heavy snow.

Elegant Straussenfeder for a romantic flower garden. Even in the front gardens, in which a motley and elegant country style invariably reigns, there is a place for astilbe with differently colored inflorescences - such as ‘Amethyst’, ‘Bremen’, ‘Gloria’, ‘Finale’, ‘Lollipop’, ‘Catleya’, ‘Snowdrift’, ‘Superba’, ‘Purpurkerze’, ‘Visions’ and many other great varieties.

Spectacular Visions will be appropriate in any flower garden. They can, depending on their characteristics, quickly grow out of vast meadows, drowning out annoying weeds, or compactly and unobtrusively coexist with other flowers for many years, taking up only their allotted space. And, of course, astilbe is traditionally grown in shady flower beds, where they illuminate the secluded corners of the garden with colorful salutes of fluffy inflorescences, and at the reservoir, where the astilbs will bring an element of peace of mind, oddly reflected in the dark water.

Adding an article to a new collection

Types of astilbe are varied. And in each group there are the best representatives who are ideal for growing in their summer cottage. Let's take a closer look at them.

Astilba has long been used in landscape design. It is easy to find a place in the garden, as there are varieties for every taste: dwarf (up to 20 cm), ground cover, tall (up to 1 m), etc. The variety of color and shape of astilba inflorescences can also be envied. There are plants with paniculate, pyramidal, drooping and rhombic buds.

Astilba Montgomery

Astilba Montgomery was derived from the Japanese, which is why it is often called the Astilba Japanese Montgomery. The plant is presented in the form of a sprawling bush with a height of about 0.7-0.8 m. The leaves of the variety are rather long - some can be 40 cm long, smooth, with a glossy surface.

With its considerable growth, the plant has rather small flowers, forming, nevertheless, very lush and beautiful inflorescences of a tender coral and brown color.

The variety differs from the majority in very long flowering: the first inflorescences appear on the tops of the plant at the end of May, and dry only by the end of August.

This kind of astilba is quite adapted to almost any soil. The only thing it cannot do without is moisture; therefore, it is better to choose a sufficiently shaded place for planting with moist soil.

On this consideration of the main species of a beautiful plant called Astilba comes to its end. We hope you have chosen a suitable variety for your garden plot. Good luck!

History of origin

Astilba has long remained undervalued and relatively recently introduced into culture. The plant was first described by Lord Hamilton in 1825. Wild astilbe riverine did not differ with its outstanding appearance, leaves and inflorescences were without luster and gloss, as was mentioned in the description ("a" - without, "stilbe" - shine). However, several copies were brought by Hamilton to Europe and began to grow as a crop for cutting.

The potential of the flower was one of the first to recognize the French botanist Emile Lemoine, who received a number of varieties in the 1890s. He paid special attention to garden forms. Several dozen honeycombs were bred by the Dutch breeder V. Reis and a number of other scientists.

However, the greatest contribution to the selection and breeding of astilbe belongs to George Arends, who devoted 54 years of his life to this plant. During this time, he managed to get 84 species that differed in flowering time, the shape and color of the inflorescences, the shape and size of the bush. He first laid the foundations for the classification of cultural forms and varieties of astilbe. Unfortunately, after the death of the researcher about the plants almost forgotten. Only in the 1960s, interest in astilbe reappeared, and culture began to revive thanks to the efforts of the Dutch and Latvian scholars. The varieties of Lemoine and Arends have become a real classic and are still popular today.

Types and varieties

Botanists have about 40 species of astilbe, but in culture they grow no more than 10, and those in their original form are extremely rare. Most collections are:

  • A. Chinese
  • A. Thunberg,
  • A. naked,
  • A. Japanese
  • A. coniferous, or whole-leaf,
  • A. Korean
  • A. David
  • And curly.

Over 350 varieties of astilbe have been developed and this number is constantly growing. In order to systematize the varietal diversity, it is customary to divide all known garden forms into groups according to origin, and also to classify them according to the size of the shrub, the shape of the inflorescences.

The modern scientific classification of hybrids contains 12 groups. But for novice gardeners, it is not very convenient, since most of the groups are conditional. When selecting plants for your collection it is much more convenient to be guided by the classification by color, height of plants, the shape of inflorescences and the timing of flowering.

Classification by height, timing of flowering and inflorescence form

These classifications are used by a wide range of amateur flower growers, landscape designers and other people who are more interested not in the theory of the origin of various varieties, but in the possibility of using them on the plot.

The height most often distinguish 4 main groups:

  • Dwarf (less than 30 cm),
  • Low (30–60 cm),
  • Medium (60–90 cm),
  • High (90 cm or more).

Sometimes groups of dwarf and low varieties are combined.

There are 4 main forms of inflorescences:

  • Pyramid. In pyramidal inflorescences, lateral branches diverge from the central axis at a right angle, shortening from the base to the apex.
  • Rhombic. For varieties with a rhombic flower shape, the branches are characteristic, extending from the main axis at a right angle.
  • Paniculata. In paniculate varieties, branches are also located at a right angle, but the lateral branches branch very intensively.
  • Drooping Drooping inflorescences look especially elegant due to the flexible main stem.

Pro astilba flowering periods are divided into:

Popular varieties astilb (photo and description):

Astilba monopolite Snow Sprite (Snow Sprite), height 50 cm

Astilba Rubens (Rubens), height up to 90 cm, blooms in the first decade of July

Japanese astilbe Peach Blossom (Peach Blossom), height 60 cm, blooms in July for 30 days

Pink Asning (Pink Lightning), height 40 cm, flowering time - July

Astilba curly Lilliput (Lilliput), height 25 cm, flowering time - July-August

Astilba Thunberg Prof. van der Wielen (Prof. van der Wielen), height 90 cm, blooms from mid-July

Astilba Thunberg Straussenfeder (Strausenfeder), height 90 cm, drooping inflorescences

Astilbe Japanese Vesuvius (Vesuvius), height 50 cm, flowering time July-August

Astilba Arendsa Fanal (Fan), height 65 cm, blooms from mid-July

Astilba monopolite Aphrodite (Aphrodite), height 50 cm, blooms continuously in July and August

Astilbe G. Arends Opal (Opal), height 80 cm, blooms in July-August

Astilbe G. Arendsa Giacint (Hyacinth), height 75 cm, flowering from mid-July

Astilba G. Arendsa Rosa Perle (Rose Perle), height 100 cm

Astilba Chinese Milk and honey (Milk and Honey), height 40-60 cm, drought-resistant, blooms profusely from mid-July to August

Astilba G. Arendsa Gloria Purpurea (Gloria Purpureya), height 75 cm

Astilba G. Arends Amethyst (Amethyst), height 77 cm

Astilba G. Arends Cattleya (Catley), height 80 cm

Astilba G. Arends Anita Pfeifer (Anita Pfeifer), height 80 cm

Series of varieties

Some varieties are combined in a series for any common traits.

Music series. Created by astilb harry verduin hybridizer. Includes compact plants (45-60 cm) with short, highly branched peduncles that begin below the foliage level. The name of each variety is the dance or musical direction: Boogie Woogie (Boogie Woogie), Drum & Bass (Drum and Bass), Rhythm and Blues (Rhythm and blues) Рок энд ролл (Rock and Roll), Ритм энд Бит (Rhythm and Beat), Кантри энд Вестерн (Country and Western), Джамп энд джайв (Jump and Jive).

Астильба Boogie Woogie (Буги Вуги), высота 60 см, цветет в июле

Астильба Rhythm-and-Blues (Ритм энд Блюз), высота 40-60 см, цветет с середины июля

Астильба Rock and roll (Рок энд Ролл), высота 60 см, обильное цветение в июле

Серия города и страны. Каждый сорт посвящен какой-либо стране или городу: Америка (Amerika), Вашингтон (Washington), Монтгомери (Montgomery), Бремен (Bremen), Кёльн (Koln).

Астильба гибридная America (Америка), высота 85 см, цветет в первой декаде июля

Астильба японская Washington (Вашингтон), высота 60 см, зацветает в первой половине июля

Japanese Astilbe Montgomery (Montgomery), height 65 cm, blooms from late June to August

Japanese astilbe Koln (Cologne), height 60 cm, blooms in the first decade of July

Unic Series. A truly unique series, obtained by Dutch hybridizers Jan van Veen and Gert van Buren, which allows astilbe to conquer new places on the site. Plants are compact, abundant and long blooming. But the main advantage of this variety is its resistance to direct sunlight and lack of moisture. They are also suitable for growing in containers.

Astilba Younique Cerise (Unic Ceris)

Astilba Younique white (Unik White)

Astilba Younique silvery pink (Unic Silvery pink)

Astilba Younique Salmon (Unicommon)

Astilba Younique Carmin (Unic Carmin)

Mighty Series. This series includes only tall varieties: Mighty Red Queen (Mighty red quin), Mighty Peep (Mighty pip). They allow you to decorate the shady areas of the garden with large group or single openwork compositions.

Astilba Mighty Red Quin (Mighty Red Queen)

Astilba Mighty Plonie

Astilba Mighty Pip (Mighty Peep)

Astilba Mighty Сhocolade Сherry (Mighty Chocolate Cherry)

Vision series. Grades Vision In Pink (Vision in pink) and Little Vision Pink (Little vision in pink), belonging to the series, can not be confused with other plants. Their main feature are spectacular leaves with beautiful texture and fluffy inflorescences.

Astilba Vision Inferno (Vision Inferno)

Astilba Vision in White (Vision In White)

Astilba Vision in Red (Vision in Red)

Astilba Vision in Pink (Vision in Pink)

When it comes to varieties of astilbe, attention is usually paid to the shape of the bush and the color of the inflorescences, but leaves can also be extremely decorative. In most forms, the color varies between light and dark shades of green, but new varieties with unusual leaf color appear. Tricolor leaves Color Flash (Color flash), yellow leafy cultivars (Color flash lime) or purple leaves Chocolate Shogun (Chocolate shogun) look no less attractive than inflorescences.

Astilba Chocolat Shogun (Chocolate Shogun)

Astilba Color Flash (Color Flash)

Astilba Color Flash Lime (Color Flash Lime)

Astilba Color Flash Super (Color Flash Super)

Place in the garden

Astlba has earned the glory of a plant for shady places, which the garden design pays special attention to. Astilba species and varieties really prefer partial shade with good moisture, because in nature they are found under the canopy of deciduous forest and near water bodies.

Astilba in the design of the site can be used in single and group plantings, as a tapeworm and container plants. It will organically fit into a mixborder, rabatka or border, especially in shady areas, to decorate the tree trunk of a tree or shrub. Dwarf and drought-resistant varieties will be able to revive the alpine slide. However, the most organic plant will look at the reservoir.

The most popular combination can be called a flower garden from the host and astilb. Plants get along together perfectly, and the contrast of whole and dissected leaves makes it possible to emphasize the individuality of each of them. It can be argued that astilba and host are the best partners. although this plant is successfully combined with a huge number of species.

The astilba with various bulbous will look quite natural. Carved leaves will be an excellent backdrop for spring-flowering species, small-bulbous, hyacinths, tulips, and kamnelomok. Spectacular astilbs look in the company of daylilies, phloxes, irises, bluebells, tall cereals. For the foreground fit geyhery, Badan, geraniums.

The openwork foliage of astilbe is an excellent backdrop for flowering bulbous ones. In the summer, the grown-up astilbe will hide the scruffy leaves of dried-out tulips and daffodils.

Different varieties and types of astilbe can organically complement each other. You can always pick dwarf forms for the foreground and tall for the back. Different colors of colors, texture and shape of leaves will create the necessary contrast.

Unpretentious, frost-resistant, shade-tolerant and many-sided astilbe is a real gift for the grower. Even “without glitter,” with whatever colors the astilbe was planted, it is able to decorate the plot, and the variety of cultural forms makes the plant truly universal.

Vision's Red

A variety of Chinese astilbe late bloom. Bush compact, short, up to 30 cm. The leaves are large, shiny, green, openwork and carved. Inflorescences-panicles dense, dense, small. The flowers are bright purple, small, with a strong strong aroma. Variety blooms from late August to late September, rarely, but may bloom longer. Frost-resistant variety, loves moisture and shade. Requires a transplant every 5 years.

Gloria (white)

Hybrid variety of medium flowering. Bush srednerosly, foliage average. The height of the bush can be 50-70 cm. The leaves are dark green in color with protein, carved openwork form. Inflorescences-panicles are luxuriant, rhomboid, small, up to 15 cm long, very fragile. The flowers are small, white and with a strong aroma. Variety loves penumbra and abundance of moisture. Does not tolerate severe frosts.

Pomegranate (red)

Perennial variety of flowers simple garden astilbe. Bushes of this variety can reach a height of 2 meters. The leaves are large, openwork, carved, green with a tint. Located in the root zone of the shrub. Panicle inflorescences occupy approximately 70% of the entire height of the bush. The flowers are blood-red, large, up to 8 cm in diameter. The colors have a honey aroma. The shrub begins to bloom in July, the duration of flowering up to 40 days. Frost-resistant, light-loving and moisture-loving variety.

A variety of white hybrid flowers breeder Arends. Bushes are wide, spreading, pyramidal, up to 70 cm in diameter and up to 1.5 m in height. The leaves are dark green, medium in size, there are few leaves on the bushes. Inflorescences, panicles high, dense, pyramidal, up to 50 cm in length. The flowers are large, up to 8 cm in diameter, white. The fragrance is subtle. Flowering is long, up to 40 days from mid-summer. The variety is well suited for the Moscow region and the surrounding regions.

Japanese astilbe variety of early flowering period. Bushes are low, sprawling, up to 50 cm in height. The leaves are bright green, openwork, carved, located in the root zone of the bush and there are few of them. Inflorescences, panicles pyramidal shape, dense, densely covered with flowers, reaching 20 cm in length. The flowers are large, pale pink delicate shade. Flowers have no fragrance. Duration of flowering up to 30 days from the end of May. Frost-resistant. It is desirable to plant in the shade and not on loose soils. Requires stable abundant watering.

Lavender

Variety early bloom. Sprawling shrubs, high up to 1 meter. The leaves are dark green with glitter, small and lots of them. The leaves are located in the root zone of the shrub. Inflorescences, panicles are not particularly lush, up to 25 cm in length. The flowers are small, lavender-colored, on their inflorescence a bit. Flowers emit a strong aroma with notes of honey. The duration of flowering shrubs can be all summer since mid-June. The variety is frost-resistant, grows well both in the sun and in the shade.

Purple Rhine (Pink)

Hybrid variety of Chinese dwarf astilbe early bloom. Bushes are small, compact, 40-50 cm tall. The leaves are small, shiny, light green. There are few leaves on the bushes. Inflorescences-panicles fragile, small, up to 12 cm in length. The flowers are small, purple-pink color. Flowers emit a very bright honey aroma. Flowering is long, up to 40 days starting from the end of June. The unpretentious grade, does not demand cutting, is not afraid of frosts.

Red Sentinel

A variety of red flowers of medium flowering period. The bush is low, wide, spreading, up to 70 cm in height. There are few leaves on the bushes. The leaves are large, dark green, carved, located in the root zone of the shrub. The main inflorescence is a panicle 30-40 cm long, dense. The flowers are small, red, collected in small panicle pyramidal inflorescences. Flowering lasts up to 30 days from the end of July. The plant is frost-resistant, photophilous. A variety can grow up to 10 years in one place without replanting.

Pink ostrich feather

Variety of tall flowers astilba late bloom. The bush is tall, spreading, up to 1 meter in height. The leaves are large, carved, emerald green. The inflorescence is up to 40 cm long, drooping, resembles an ostrich feather. The flowers are small, fluffy, pale pink. The flowering period is long, from late August to mid-autumn. The variety requires a sunny place and abundant watering. Cold resistant.

Sister teresa

Hybrid variety breeder Arends. The bush is tall, with almost no leaves. Externally, the bush resembles a fluffy ball. The height of the bush is up to 80 cm. The leaves are large, located in the root zone of the shrub, carved, dark green and with a burgundy shade, shiny. Inflorescences-panicles up to 40 cm long. The flowers are small, gathered in lush small peach-colored inflorescences. Flowers emit a cloying scent. The period of flowering varieties up to 20 days from the end of July. The variety does not tolerate shade and does not tolerate severe frosts.

A variety of Japanese astilbe late bloom. Bush up to 1 meter. The leaves are green-yellow with a brown stem, divided, openwork. There are few leaves on the bushes. Whisk inflorescence up to 50 cm long. The flowers are small, fluffy, white and pink, with a honey aroma. Flowering period of about a month since the end of August. Frost-resistant, shade-loving and moisture-loving variety.

Henny Grafland

Variety late bloom. Bush average height to 70 cm. The leaves are carved, small, openwork, light green. There are many leaves and they are located in the root zone of the bush. Inflorescence-whisk long to 40 cm, thin and fragile. The flowers are pale pink, fluffy, small, in paniculate inflorescences. Flowering period up to 40 days from the beginning of September. Variety tolerates shady terrain, frost. Loves moisture. Requires annual transplant.

Yunik Karmin

Hybrid dwarf variety of flowers astilbe medium flowering period. Bushes are small, but wide, up to 40 cm in diameter and up to 45 cm in length. The leaves are large, there are many dark bushes on them. Inflorescences-panicles are lush, dense. The flowers are small, fluffy, red-pink color. Flowering is long and abundant. The variety blooms from late July to 2 months. Frost-resistant. It grows in full sun in the shade and in partial shade, but with constant watering.

The difference astilb in the form of inflorescences and timing of flowering

Small inflorescences are collected in elongated panicles and decorativeness depends on their density. Petals of flowers in some varieties are short, in other varieties the petals are elongated. Elongated inflorescences look soft and fluffy. Short inflorescences are obtained by air and openwork.

Given the structure of the inflorescences, the whole variety of species is divided into groups:

  • Pyramidal shape - the lateral branches of the inflorescences depart from the main axis almost at a right angle and evenly decrease from the base to the top of the inflorescence,

  • Rhombic shape - inflorescences resemble a rhombus. Lateral branches depart from the main axis at an acute angle. Rombic inflorescences are more often found in varieties of Japanese astilbe,

  • Paniculate form - inflorescences have numerous branched branches extending from the main axis at an acute angle and evenly decreasing towards the apex. This form is characteristic of most varieties of astilbe Arends,

  • Drooping form - inflorescences with flexible drooping branches. drooping inflorescences have varieties derived from astilba Thunberg and Lemoine.

In terms of flowering astilba differs by:

  • Early varieties, blooming in late June - early July,
  • Middle varieties blooming in July
  • Late varieties blooming in August.

Plant height varies from 15 cm (variety Lilliput) to 2 meters (David's astilbe). The height of the bush plants are divided into:

  • Low - 15-60 cm tall
  • Medium - 60-80 cm
  • High - 80-200 cm.

Astilbe - species with cultural names according to the Wikipedia reference book

The genus Astilbe has 30 species distributed in East Asia and Japan, and North America. In Russia, it is found in the Far East. In nature, plants grow in forests, along streams, and where moisture is preserved in summer.

In culture, about 10 species are known, the selection of which allowed us to develop many hybrid varieties. It is difficult to meet the original species in culture now, but the most famous names have been preserved and can be voiced:

2. A. David - Astilbe davidii

Homeland - Seaverny and North-Western China, Mongolia. Tall perennial plant up to 150 cm tall, with shirokoraskidistoy form of the bush. The leaves are complex, twice or three times pinnate, light green, wrinkled, with brown veins and petioles.

The flowers are small, lilac-pink, in narrow pyramidal inflorescences 30-40 cm long, with a pubescent axis. Blossoms in July-August for 1-2 weeks. In culture since 1902.

3. A. Chinese - Astilbe chinensis

Perennial plant up to 100 cm tall. The leaves are trifoliate separate, openwork, shiny, on both sides along the veins and edge covered with small reddish hairs. Bottom leaves are large, on long petioles, stem - smaller, on short petioles.

The flowers are small, purple, rarely pink or white, in very showy dense inflorescences 30-35 cm long. Astilba blooms from mid-June to early August. It bears fruit. In culture since 1859.

4. A. Korean - Astilbe koreana

Homeland - North-East China, Korea. Herbaceous perennial plant up to 60 cm tall, completely covered with brown hairs. Leaves are light green, wrinkled. It has very beautiful, slightly drooping inflorescences up to 25 cm in length from densely arranged white-cream flowers.

Astilbe blooms in July 2-3 weeks. It bears fruit. In culture since 1904.

5. A. Prostolistnaya - Astilbe simplicifolia

The plant has shiny, green, undivided leaves with a coarse blade edge. In July and August, white flowers bloom, gathered in drooping pyramidal panicles. There are varieties with flowers of various colors, for example Dunkellachs.

6.A. Thunberg - Astilbe thunbergii

Astilbe is a perennial up to 80 cm tall. stalks are simple. The leaves are complex. twice pinnate. shiny, oval leaves, jagged at the edges.

Numerous white fragrant flowers are collected in the apical, highly branched racemose inflorescences up to 25 cm long and 10 cm wide. The cup is short-tubular. Petals are lilac-spatulate, up to 4 mm long, longer than stamens, non-falling. The fruit is a box. It blooms in July - August, the seeds ripen in September. In culture since 1878.

7. A. Japanese - Astilbe Japonica

Herbaceous perennial plant forming a wide-spread shrub 60-80 cm tall. Leaves twice pinnate, dark green, glossy, on reddish petioles that make it elegant before and after flowering.

The flowers are small, with a pleasant aroma, white or pink in dense, rhombic inflorescences up to 30 cm long. Astilbe blooms in July 2-3 weeks. It bears fruit. In culture since 1837. She is the ancestor of Japanese hybrids.

3 group. Low hybrids of astilbe Chinese (Pumila Hybrida)

Astilba of this group are few. The most widespread varieties: Final, Intermezzo, Serenade, Superba, Veronica Klose, Purpurkerts, Spatsommer. All of them bloom later than usual, in late August - early September and therefore valuable. Astilba of these varieties suitable for rock gardens.

12 group. Hybrids of astilba naked (A. glaberrima Hybrida)

Varieties of this group are: Darwin Snow Sprite, Glenroy Elf, Henny Grefland, Inshriah Pink, Jacqueline, Nana, Peter Barrow, Saxatil, Sprite.

It must be borne in mind that the natural habitats of the astilba naked species are the southern islands of Japan.

Astilba varieties, designed in the table - a convenient list of varieties by color and shape of inflorescences

In bold are the most valuable varieties. Numbers indicate: peduncle height / leaf height (in cm). This table is convenient to use, you can immediately see the color of the inflorescence and the shape of the peduncles.

Video about how beautiful astilba looks on the plot

The plant behaves well even in wet summer and is famous for resistance to diseases.

Astilba Chinese 15-20 cm high, with dense pink inflorescences is most suitable for sunny places and for rockeries.

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