Kavili Zucchini is a welcome guest at each table, as it contains a large amount of vitamins and trace elements that our body needs, especially in the winter. Also zucchini is very useful in diseases of the liver, kidneys and heart.
Description and characteristics of the variety Kavili
Cavili is a hybrid of Dutch origin. The variety is early ripe and high-yielding. The ripening period from germination to technical maturity is from 40 to 50 days.
The plant forms a bush with smooth, cylindrical fruits, green in color, reaching a length of 20 cm.
The Kavili variety has tender, juicy and white flesh. The ripened fruit of the description reaches in weight up to 300 grams.Fruit weight zucchini Kavili can reach 300 grams
Advantages and disadvantages
The advantages include:
- High yielding
- Self-pollinated variety
- Fruiting lasts several months.
- Variety resistant to various diseases
- Plant no need for constant care
- It has excellent taste and is ideal for preservation.
Significant deficiencies have been identified.
Technology and seed preparation for planting
To grow a healthy bush in two ways:
- By seedling method.
- Seeds, directly to open ground.
Before planting, Kavili seeds should not be processed, but to reduce the germination time, they should be soaked in warm water for five hours, then 24 hours in a damp cloth. Seed material should swell a little, but do not germinate.
The best time to grow seedlings is the last days of April, beginning of May. Seeds for seedlings are sown in separate containers with a diameter of more than 10 cm. The plant does not need a pickling.
The first dressing is carried out with complex fertilizers 7 days after planting the seeds, a week later the feeding procedure is repeated.Cavili seedlings are planted in the soil at the age of 30 days
Seedlings are planted in a permanent place in the age 30 days and buried in the ground before the first cotyledon leaves. To protect against drafts, young seedlings must be covered for a week.
Seeds are sown in open ground to a depth 4-5 cmonly after the earth warms to 15-18 degrees. With a decrease in temperature, seed germination is suspended, therefore, the planted seeds must be covered with a covering material.
Although the Cavili variety is resistant to diseases, it is not recommended to plant it after cucumbers, pumpkins and squash, as they are subject to the same diseases. Planted squash scheme 70x140.Kavili do not recommend planting after pumpkin, cucumbers and squash
Squash Cavili must be planted in light, fertile soilprepared from autumn.
Soil with high acidity for this variety is not suitable. To normalize acidity, you need to add to the soil dolomite flour or ground chalk.
During the autumn preparation of the beds, the soil is dug up by the shovels to the depth of the bayonet and organic fertilizers (manure, compost) are applied. When applying fertilizer in the fall, in spring the soil will not need to be fed.
In the spring, they dig up the earth and form beds. On the lowered section, the beds are raised 20-30 cm from the ground, and 100 cm wide with a slope on the south side, so that the soil warms up better.Beds for zucchini can be raised to a height of 20-30 cm
To determine the readiness of the soil for planting, you can clenching it in a fist and dropping it to the ground. If a lump crumbles, it means that the soil is ready for growing seeds and planting seedlings.
Although the grade and unpretentious care, anyway, some rules must be observed:
- Provide open sunny place - with a lack of light, the yield drops.
- In time to remove large leaves, as the plant may lack sunlight due to self-darkening.
- Zucchini love heat and when the air temperature drops, young seedlings need to be covered.
- Watering to produce extremely warm water, avoiding drying out of the soil. Watering is done around the stem at the rate of 10 liters per square. meter.
- Fertilizing is carried out with complex fertilizers, three times per season - at the time of growth, during flowering and during the formation of fruits.
Description and characteristics of the hybrid
Squash Cavili f1 is a high-yielding and extremely early culture of the pumpkin family. Fruit picking roughly begins in 39-46 days from the moment of emergence of shoots. Internodes of small length, grows a bush. Feels great in the open field, greenhouses. The courgettes themselves are even, have a cylindrical shape, grow about 17-24 cm, light green in color, the flesh is tender, white, the average weight is 280-320 g.
The important properties include the preservation of taste characteristics even with a delay in harvesting. Cavili is able to form fruits without pollination (this phenomenon is called parthenocarpia), which is especially useful for early greenhouse cultivation, in the hot, rainy season.
The fruiting period lasts about two months. The hybrid differs in resistance to mealy dew, simple leaving, the main thing, to pick up for it rather lit warm site. Growing zucchini is very popular among gardeners. This is an indispensable dietary product containing a considerable amount of vitamins, trace elements, due to its beneficial properties should be part of the daily diet of a balanced diet. In addition, zucchini is often used for the preparation of winter canning.
Growing Cavili f1
Seeds can be bought or left from last harvest. It is not necessary to carry out the treatment of planting material, but it is recommended to perform soaking for a couple of hours in warm water, keeping it for a day in wet gauze.
Attention! Make sure the seeds swell, but do not have time to slip.
Traditional ways to grow zucchini are:
- landing in open ground
- pre-harvesting seedlings.
Favorable time to start sowing pots - closer to the beginning of May, the end of April. Any suitable containers with a diameter of about 10 cm will do, then during transplantation there is less chance of injury to the delicate root system. 2-3 grains to a depth of 3–4 cm are placed in each pot with soil, and they are monitored for optimal moistening. The air temperature, where there are containers, should not fall below the mark of 16-18 ° C, otherwise it will significantly slow down the germination process, will affect the future harvest.
When young zucchini get a little stronger, you need to remove the weakest and smallest specimens. Transplantation to the garden or to the greenhouse is done in a month, a week earlier the hardening of the seedlings begins, and in the afternoon they are taken outside to get used to the temperature.
Cavili bears excellent fruit on loose, loamy lands with neutral acidity. Preparation for planting should begin in the autumn, it is necessary to dig up the plot of the future garden well and repeat the same in the spring. In accordance with the type of soil fertilizer is added, based on 1 square meter. m:
- Chernozem - 3 buckets of sod, ½ buckets of sawdust, 35 g of superphosphate, 10 g of ash,
- Light loamy - 3 kg of sawdust, 3 kg of humus, 25 g of superphosphate, 20 g of nitroforoski, 10 g of ash,
- Clay - to the previous composition add 3 kg of sand,
- Sandy - peat, turf 2 buckets, 2 kg of sawdust, 3 kg of humus, mineral fertilizers for light loamy soils,
- Peat - 2.5 kg of compost, 10 kg of turf, 20 g of superphosphate, 15 g of potassium sulfate, 10 g of ash.
It is important to follow the rules of crop rotation in the garden, to ensure a good harvest, to prevent the possible defeat of diseases. You should not plant zucchini after pumpkin, cucumbers, squash, which are subject to the same problems.
The bed under Kavili is laid out approximately according to the scheme 75 by 140 cm. Young plants are placed in the prepared pits at a sufficient depth so that the ground level reaches the first cotyledon leaves. Sunlight is extremely important for zucchini; in a shaded place, crop yields are sharply reduced, taste is deteriorating. The temperature at which the correct development and fruiting is possible in the greenhouse and open ground should not fall below 20-22 ° C. Even a slight cooling can adversely affect the growth rate, so if necessary, you need to cover the plants in time, otherwise the recovery will take a lot of time. The lack of heat and sunlight, water irrigation below 20 ° C also affect the health of the culture. The optimal amount of water per 1 m2 of bed is 9-10 l.
Remember about the periodic cleaning of weeds, loosening the soil around the bushes, the application of organic fertilizers:
It is necessary to collect the fruits on time, although it does not affect the taste, does not make them tough. Excess load on the bushes slows down the formation and growth of the next batch of zucchini, which affects the total yield. Due to high fecundity, ease of care, excellent taste and good presentation, the hybrid of Kavili squash f1 is grown in greenhouse conditions and in the open field for its own use and further sale.
Cavili - parthenocarpic hybrid, does not require pollination. Male flowers are present, but rather are a rudiment, zucchini are formed without their participation, and also without bees. The variety is bred by Dutch breeders, against the background of domestic zucchini, it stands out with a beautiful appearance of the bush and fruits, excellent taste and high yield.
Bush Kavili looks decorative
The diameter of the bush - up to 1.5 m, the leaves are large, openwork with a white pattern, which some gardeners take for a symptom of powdery mildew. By the way, this hybrid is resistant to most pumpkin diseases. It is affected by the mildew, but already at the end of the growing season, in the autumn, when the main crop is harvested.
Every female flower Kavili turns into a fruit
Fruits - the correct cylindrical form, ridge, light lime color. The first appear on the 35-40-day bushes. Peel even on large zucchini remains thin and does not harden. The flesh is tender and juicy, white or light green. If the fruits are not allowed to outgrow, for the season they can be collected several dozen. Size in technical ripeness - 20–30 cm, weight - up to 0.5 kg. Every day, you will pick at least 1–2 zucchini from one bush; this is enough to make lunch or dinner for a family of 2–3 people. Harvest from several plants will allow guests to treat, bestow relatives and make harvesting (Kavili is recommended for canning and cooking caviar). Many amateur vegetable growers, having grown 6–10 bushes, do not know what to use for such a quantity of zucchini.
The early hybrid has time to bestow a harvest, even if the seeds are sown in early June in open ground. The optimal time for landing is when the morning frosts end. But if you use temporary shelters, then you can start sowing 2 weeks before the onset of the warm period. Not only acrylic and plastic, but also glass jars, disposable tableware made of transparent plastic (one-liter buckets, containers, cups, bottle halves) are suitable as shelters.
Shoots zucchini covered from frost halves of plastic bottles
Cavili seeds are marketed, they are coated with a layer of paint, a disinfectant and a growth stimulator. Soak and germinate is not necessary, such seeds are sown dry.
Cavili seeds are always colored by the manufacturer.
Place under the zucchini choose solar and ventilated. Hillocks, compost heaps, areas on the south side of fences and buildings are well suited. The best predecessors: legumes, onions, garlic, early cabbage. Can not be planted after pumpkin and late cabbage. Planting pattern: 70–100 cm in a row and 140 cm between rows. Dig the soil, after introducing 1–2 buckets of humus or compost and 0.5 liters of vegetable ash per 1 m². In the absence of organic matter use the complex mineral fertilizer nitroammofosk (25 g per 1 m²).
- Form holes with a diameter of 40-50 cm with earthen bumpers up to 10 cm high.
- Water them well with hot water.
- When water is absorbed, spread out 2 seeds in the wells in case of poor seed germination. You can put one seed Kavili, and the second - another variety.
- Cover with a loose layer of 2–3 cm above.
- You can pour it again, but then cover the wells with a thin layer of mulch. It will prevent the formation of earthen crust, but it does not prevent shoots to make their way to the sun.
Care is watering, feeding and timely harvesting. Water Kavili need not on the leaves and not under the base of the bush, where gentle ovaries are formed. The roots of the zucchini are superficial, extend beyond the periphery of the crown. Therefore, water, retreating from the base of 10–15 cm, the entire area occupied by the bush, and even around it. Arrange sprinkling only in dry weather, when you are sure that the moisture on the leaves will not linger and dry quickly.
Under the adult, fruitful Kavili spend 2-3 buckets of water. It is better to keep the soil under the mulch so that the Zelentsy should be lying on a dry litter. In addition, you do not have to constantly loosen the earth, you can water less often. The frequency of irrigation depends on weather conditions and soil conditions; it should always be wet.
Mulch keeps the soil moist and leaves and fruits dry.
Feed the squash should be at the beginning of flowering and then every 7-10 days, like cucumbers. Since zucchini goes to the dinner table all summer long, it is not recommended to use chemistry in the form of mineral fertilizers.
Natural dressing for zucchini:
- Yeast: in a three-liter jar dissolve 3 tbsp. l sugar and a bag of dry yeast (10 g). After 2–3 hours, when the wort ferments, pour it into a 10-liter watering can, add to the top of the water and water the squash. The watering can be divided into 3 bushes, you can give the dressing 2-3 times per season.
- Green fertilizer: fill any container (from bucket to barrel) with juicy grass, tops, nettles. Fill with water and keep under the lid for 7-14 days, stirring regularly. Top dressing is ready when it turns into a brown uniform goo. Consumption: 2 liters per watering can, water as usual water.
- Mullein infusion: Pour a quarter of a bucket of cow cake in water and leave for 5-7 days. At 10 liters of water, take 1 liter of this fertilizer.
- Infusion of bird droppings: act as with a mullein, but in 10 l dissolve 0.5 l of the finished infusion.
- Ash: pour a glass of ash into a watering can, shake and water until heavy particles have settled. You can sprinkle ashes on the ground under a bush and burn it.
Make all dressings on wet ground. You can choose one or alternate, but always use ash once every 1-2 weeks. It contains phosphorus, potassium and trace elements needed by plants. In addition, it deoxidizes the soil, and zucchini just need a neutral environment. Ashes should not be applied simultaneously with fertilizers containing nitrogen. Alkali turns this element into ammonia, it evaporates, zucchini does not receive any benefit from dressing. Therefore, after making the infusions of mullein or bird droppings, wait 3-5 days and then fertilize with ashes.
Fruits from the bushes do not tear, and cut with a knife, leaving the stalk about 5 cm. If you want to prolong the fruiting until frost, then cover the bed with acrylic or other material. Take the storage zucchini from the last collection - mature, with a dense skin.
If zucchini due to the long-term storage of stubborn, it is impossible to cut the peel, then put them at night in a bucket with plain water.
I always plant Kavili F1 all the time, it absolutely suits me, so I don’t switch over to others (thin skin, tasty, very fruitful, kept for a long time, bush), but the color is lime, many people like yellows.
Iskander and Kavili planted, both are good. The skin is tender, not coarse. But Skvorushka rude, if not to disrupt in time.
At the weekend, 30-day-old seedlings of “Gold Gold F1” and “Kavili F1” zucchini were planted with 6 members each (three nests). As the long-term practice has shown, this amount (in the summer every third is removed) is enough for regular use both for oneself and for acquaintances from the beginning of June to frosts. Modern hybrids simply admire with their quality and yield, and most importantly, they do not require any chemical processing - healthy summer food.
And I did not like Cavili. I got used to the Diamond - he has on his bush and healthy zucchini, which can be cleaned already for the winter, and teenagers, and Zelentsy, and the ovary is full. Kavili is wrong, until you remove the grown ones, there is no ovary. No, I will not plant more.
I, besides Kavili, did not plant other hybrids, mainly our domestic varieties, therefore, in comparison with them, Kavili is fruitful for me.
For several years I have planted one sort of Kavili F1 - fruitful, tasty. But not stored for very long.
I also really liked the Kavili zucchini. When sowing at the end of May, the first squash was taken to the garden bed in June (earlier than cucumbers), the last after frost (late September).
Kavili is a zucchini that any fan of this culture will want to plant. Урожайный гибрид позволяет на небольшом клочке земли и с минимальными усилиями вырастить много вкусных и полезных плодов. «Не знаем, куда от кабачков прятаться» — так говорят о Кавили.
В чем достоинства и недостатки гибрида?
Kavili F1 zucchini is considered by many gardeners to be the best among hybrids and varieties according to different criteria.
- High yield - 9 kg / m. sq. Squashes grow like yeast, so plant them in large quantities is recommended only if they are sold.
High yield - 9 kg / m. square
Hybrid blemishes are usually detected with poor care or improper planting.
- Poor resists frost, so it is planted after late frost.
- Does not tolerate drought. With a lack of moisture fruits can not fully develop.
Where better to plant Kavili F1?
Grown Kavili F1 zucchini in the open field. In the greenhouse, they can be planted only with additional lighting. The plot should be sunny. Lack of light and heat will lead to underdeveloped fruits and lower yields. Good precursors are potatoes, leeks, cabbage of any kind.
Grown Kavili F1 squash in open ground
Important! Planting Kavili F1 after pumpkin and cucumbers is impossible.
The land should be light, then the harvest will be rich, although in a heavy plant will grow, just in small quantities will yield. To improve the quality of the soil, it can be diluted in the area with river sand and peat. When overestimated acidity, dolomite flour or lime is introduced, since a hybrid on an acidic earth will not grow.
In the fall, the land for future planting of zucchini, is treated with organic (compost, ash) and mineral (superphosphate) fertilizers. The amount of fertilizer that must be applied for digging depends on the quality and type of land.
When can I plant squash in the ground?
The best temperature for the germination of the seeds of Kavili F1 zucchini F1 + 15 ... + 18 degrees. At lower temperatures, germination will slow down. Therefore, planted Kavili F1 zucchini in May, if sown seeds.
That is why the Kavili F1 squash is planted in May, if seeds are sown
If seedlings are planted, then the beginning of June will be the best time, but it is also possible in May, if the seedlings are already large and sufficiently grown. And seedlings are beginning to do in April. To extend the period of fruiting zucchini, it is necessary to plant them at intervals of 3 weeks.
Planting technology and care for the Kavili F1 zucchini
The seeds of zucchini are inspected before planting - empty ones can be safely thrown away, there is no use for them. Leave only plump, good, not damaged. To get seedlings as soon as possible, seeds can be soaked for 1-3 days in a moistened cotton rag, so that they sprout, and from diseases they can be treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate or tiram, but only if the seeds are not treated at the factory.
Under landing do separate holes. Scheme - 60x60 cm. In each well put 2-3 seed to a depth of 5 cm, so that the bushes turned out lush. If the seedlings are planted, it is worthwhile to make sure that the shoots are not strongly buried.
If the Kavili F1 squash grows in the shade, it is necessary to remove some of its leaves.
In the care of this variety unpretentious. Of the permanent procedures, abundant watering is required (9 l / sq. M), especially if the ground is sandy, removing weeds, loosening, hilling. From rare procedures - feeding and treatment from pests.
Important!If the Kavili F1 zucchini grows in the shade, it is necessary to remove some of its leaves. This will allow open access of light to the fruit.
Treatment from pests can be prophylactic (folk remedies) and directed when there is already some kind of disease or pest. Top-dressings at the beginning of growth are carried out 1-2 times with nitrogenous substances, and during the flowering period potassium and superphosphate can be added.
Harvest zucchini of this hybrid is expected in July or early August, depending on climatic conditions. Fruiting him long, so until late autumn it will be possible to feast on ripe fruits.
Producers stated that the fruits do not overripe
Manufacturers stated that the fruits do not overripe, however, with a long stay on the plant (about a week), their skin begins to harden. Therefore, for fresh consumption it is necessary to pluck young zucchini, as they have a very thin skin. For long-term storage in cold stores, ripe squash with a thicker skin will be more suitable.
Squashes Kavili F1 contain many vitamins, nutritious, have tender, tasty flesh, sweetish. Ideal for canning. When salting and pickling acquire a characteristic crunch, do not lose taste. Also popular in fresh (raw) form, for frying, grilling, stewing.
Although the description of the Kavili zucchini is very similar to the characteristics of any other types of vegetables of a given culture, the variety still has some selection features:
- Representatives of the Kavili plants are parthenocarpic. It is a type of hybrids that can bear fruit even without pollination. In this case, the fruit will not have seeds. This ability is an absolute advantage of this sort of zucchini, because gardeners do not need to worry about his landing site and neighbors, you can safely engage in greenhouse cultivation without insects.
- Zucchini is good because it grows a bush. You will not suffer from extremely bulky and inconvenient weaving, which will occupy the entire site and will impede the harvest.
- 95% of Kavili flowers are female, which makes the variety as fruitful as possible.
- The zucchini pulp remains tender, very juicy and does not harden, even if it is perepsel.
- Early ripe variety (the fruit ripens in 40-45 days).
- Requires a large amount of light and heat.
- It has a good presentation.
- Seeds sell already processed, they should be pink.
Characteristic of Kavili variety squash
Zucchini Kavili - early maturing, the period from the emergence of shoots to the beginning of the harvest only 39-46 days. Bred in Holland, an F1 hybrid, that is, a hybrid of the first generation. In the domestic register of breeding achievements, Kavili was admitted in 2002, recommended for all regions of Russia.
Disease and Prevention
Dutch squash Cavili F1, though not prone to disease, but prevention will only help him.
- To protect against spider mite The bush is sprayed with onion extract (a glass of onion peel is poured with 10 liters of water, an old spoon of crushed red pepper and a piece of rubbed soap are added).
- Upon detection aphids, use drugs "Phosbecid", "Iskra", "Confidor".
- From defeat anthracnose - plants are sprayed with Bordeaux mixture or gray colloid.
- In the fight against powdery mildew suitable pollination bush ground sulfur.
Disease prevention also consists in the annual alternation of planting crops on the site, as well as the timely harvesting of diseased plants.
Collection and storage
The first fruits are removed after expiration 1.5 months after landing and, although the Kavili variety does not lose its taste when it grows, you should not wait for its ripening, as overripe vegetables stop the growth and development of the bush.Kawili zucchini for quick use can be cut at the base
Squashes for quick consumption should be cut at the very base, and for long-term - along with a long stalk.
Milk squash kept no more than 14 days at temperatures up to + 2 degrees. After a two-week period, the fruits begin to lose their taste, become coarse and rot. For long-term storage it is necessary to cut ripened zucchini.
Store them in boxes filled with dry straw, so that the fruits do not come into contact with each other. In urban apartments, squash is kept in a dark and dry place.
Cavili variety appeared in our country not so long ago, but managed to catch the fancy of many gardeners - amateurs. If you follow the simple rules of care, the soft-green vegetable will please with its taste, fresh - in summer, and in conservation - in winter.
Description of variety characteristics
One of the characteristic features of modern hybrids is the absence of the need to pollinate plants with insects. Gardeners will not have to suffer without harvest due to bad, non-flying weather. Varieties that do not require pollination are called parthenocarpic. It is to such applies "Kavili F1".
The hybrid has several advantages:
- no pollination required
- the bushes are dominated by female flowers forming the ovary,
- inside there are few seeds and a lot of pulp,
- continuous fruiting
- vegetables can be grown in open ground and closed greenhouses.
The selection advantage of the variety is resistance to drought, lower temperatures. Squashes are recommended for cultivation on the site without permanent residence. Hybrid rarely affect fungal diseases and viruses. Due to the high yield (9 kg per sq. M), several compact bushes are enough to provide the family with a useful dietary product. Fruits have an attractive presentation, well tolerated transportation. The Kavili variety is often grown on an industrial scale.
Information. The disadvantage of "Kavili F1" as well as other hybrids is the inability to collect seeds for planting next year.
Fruits of zucchini are low-calorie, they are 95% water. The pulp and skin contains useful trace elements: calcium, sodium, phosphorus, iron and a whole list of vitamins: C, B, PP, E, H. Vegetable helps to improve the workings of the gastrointestinal tract, cleanse the body. A small amount of organic acids do not irritate the stomach. The low sugar content in pumpkin "Kavivli" allows us to recommend a product for diabetics. Easily digestible vegetable is especially useful for children and the elderly.Zucchini fruits can be eaten raw
To grow a bountiful crop, you should know some of the features of zucchini. Vegetables love a lot of sun and heat. An open bed without shading is suitable for them. It is important to choose a site where pumpkin plants did not grow. After related plants, diseases and pests dangerous to squash may remain. It is recommended to choose a place where onions, potatoes, white cabbage grew. The soil is prepared in the fall - it is dug up, organic fertilizers are applied (compost or humus). In spring, the preparation is minimal, it will remain to level the rake and make holes.
Council A high level of acidity reduces the introduction of dolomite flour (300-500 g) and wood ash (200-250 g).
Zucchini prefer light soils with neutral acidity, they are suitable loamy and sandy soil. To improve its structure allows the introduction of sawdust, chopped sideratov or hay. The soil becomes loose, light, air is provided to the roots. Any soil can lead to optimal performance using the right components:
- Clay soil - add sand, sawdust, peat, superphosphates, humus.
- Sandy soil needs compost, wood ash, peat, mineral fertilizers.
- Peatland - the structure of the soil will improve sand, humus, complex mineral supplements.
Vegetables do not like waterlogging, stagnation of water provokes the development of fungal infections and rotting of fruits. The beds should not be in the lowland, bulk structures are made with a slope for the flow of water.
Advantages and disadvantages
Squash variety Kavili is one of the leaders among the early hybrids. He has almost no flaws.
- Excellent seed germination, gardeners rate it as one hundred percent.
- It is effective for receiving big harvests in early terms.
- For the formation of fruit does not need pollinators, so it can be recommended for growing in regions with rainy, cold or too hot summer, in protected ground.
- Very high taste.
- The fruits are beautiful in color and shape.
- Fruiting with good care is plentiful and long lasting. In order to provide a family of 3-4 people with fresh zucchini 3-4 people, 1-2 bushes are enough. During the harvest period, from this number of plants, one can remove 1-2 squash daily - and this is possible for 2 months or more.
- Fruits begin to appear 40 days after germination.
- This bush squash, therefore, takes up very little space.
- Very resistant to diseases.
Comparison with other popular early ripe varieties.
The hybrid variety requires soil preparation in the fall. Zucchini is inherent to develop well on light sandy and loamy soils, they are able to adapt well in a neutral environment.
This is that you need to dig the soil and make compost. Possible and the second option of harvesting land for sowing seeds. This is loosening with the help of small hay, superphosphate, ash, sawdust of not coniferous wood.
In the spring, once again digging up the area is not necessary. Soil you just need to fluff with the help of a rake by the end of May - the beginning of June. The seed sowing algorithm is as follows:
- Make holes in the ground a week before the landing process.
- Deepening need to handle humic fertilizer or saltpeter.
- Lay the grain in the hole to a depth of 6 cm.
- Lightly sprinkle with seed.
- Abundantly water the planting site.
- The hole must be sealed.
- Place the mulch with different materials: peat, crushed hay, wood chips.
It is worth paying attention to the distance between the seeds. Grains should be located at the rate of 3 pieces per 1 square. m. Thus, the future bush zucchini will develop normally.
Between the adjacent rows of landing distance can not be less than 1.2-1.5 meters.
To grow seedlings, place the seeds in a container with a diameter of at least 20 cm. Until the time when the first shoots appear, which takes about 4 days, the seed container should be kept warm at a temperature of +23. +27 ° C. Dive zucchini is not necessary.
Land for this process is prepared in the same way as for the seeds. Seedlings are recommended to protect from wind, cold and excess moisture.
Even with a slight decrease in temperature, it is necessary to cover the shoots, otherwise their growth will slow down or they will not develop at all.This method is considered much better than seed cultivation, because it will shorten the time of fruit ripening by 1.5-2 weeks. Approximately a week before landing on the main site, the plant must be hardened.
For this purpose, it is recommended to transfer the containers with courgettes to a room where the daytime temperature can be maintained within +18 ° C, and the nighttime temperature - about +14 ° C. The seedlings of zucchini should be planted to a depth of the first cotyledon leaves.
Squashes in open ground and greenhouses are grown in two ways: seedlings or seeds. For residents of the southern regions there is no need to create yourself extra trouble with growing seedlings. In May, they plant seeds in the ground. In the Central and Northern regions, the landing dates depend on weather conditions, they usually shift by June. In the conditions of a short summer and the threat of lowering the temperature, experienced gardeners advise growing Kavili f1 zucchini in a seedling manner.
Seed material hybrid series buy in stores. It is important to find a bona fide producer who offers quality and fresh seeds. The material with the designation F1 is pre-treated for pests and diseases. The seeds are usually pinkish due to the fungicide. They do not need soaking, besides water will wash away a protective cover.
Growing by seedling
For squash plants, individual tanks are prepared with a height of about 10 cm. The best option is peat pots, which exclude the transplant stage. For the cultivation of seedlings prepare the soil:
- peat - 50% of the substrate,
- sod land.
Seeds are distributed one by one into a cup, buried by 2-3 cm. Sprouts appear in 4-5 days. Seedlings should be in a warm (18-20 °) bright room. It is necessary to completely eliminate drafts. To start growing in April, a month later, the seedlings with two true leaves are sent to the garden. The use of seedlings accelerates the ripening of the crop by 2 weeks. For the first 7-8 days, zucchini is covered with a film or non-woven material, protecting it from lowering the temperature.Zucchini seedlings are grown in separate cups
Council If you have planted only a few bushes of zucchini, from the adverse conditions they can be covered with plastic bottles with a cropped bottom.
Planting and care
Hybrid "Kavili f1" has a branched, surface root system. To the plants enough nutrients, they are planted at a distance of 70 cm from each other. Another advantage of free seating is the prevention of fungal infections. Thickened cultures often fall ill, their fruits are smaller in size. Seeds are planted on the beds when the soil warms up to 12-15 °. In each well down 2-3 seeds, the depth of 5-6 cm plentifully watered with warm water. If all sprout, leave the strongest seedling. Between the rows of zucchini leave a gap of 1.2-1.3 m.Between the rows of zucchini must be left about 1 meter
Information. For the continuous maturation of zucchini, they are planted in several batches at intervals of a week.
Providing comfortable conditions for seedlings is not difficult. They need to be watered, timely remove weeds, loosen the ground and feed. Young bushes spud to strengthen the stem. When exposed to the roots of adult plants, they are covered with earth from above. Watering is carried out with warm water, under the root. Vegetables do not respond well to cold moisture and its leaves and fruits. The best time for watering is early morning or evening when there is no sun. Water consumption 5-10 liters per plant. To preserve moisture between watering the soil around the bushes are mulched with peat or hay.Between squash must be left a distance of 60-70 cm
Council When slowing the pace of development of the fruit, it is necessary to improve the warming of the sun. To do this, cut off the halves of the leaf plates or remove some of the leaves. Черешки необходимо оставлять. Они сохраняют иммунитет розетки, поддерживают процессы фотосинтеза.
Squas gratefully respond to fertilizing with organic matter and minerals. Fertilizers are applied several times per season. Before flowering, the bushes are watered with a diluted mullein and nitrophoska. In the period of active formation of flowers and the ovary, along with irrigation, complex mineral fertilizer is applied. Some gardeners recommend to perform foliar feeding fertilizer "Bud" for better ripening of fruits.
The company has several specific cultivation features:
- Experienced gardeners advise that in order to extend the collection of products of such an early-ripening variety, it is necessary to sow Kavili grain in parts with an interval of 2-3 weeks.
- The yield will be much higher if you first “warm” the beds. This can be done if you put compost in a small depression in the beds and sprinkle it with earth.
- Be sure to provide zucchini bushes with light. Otherwise, they may lose their taste.
- If you notice lethargy shrub sheets or their unhealthy appearance, immediately remove the affected parts. This will help avoid the death of the entire plant.
- In no case should you pour cold water on “Kavili”; its temperature should be above 20 ° C.
As previously indicated, hybrids cannot be propagated by seed. Accordingly, for this annual plant, there are no other ways other than seedlings.
Zucchini is not a capricious plant in the care, he needs regular watering, fertilizing and loosening the earth.
Watering “Kavili” is recommended very abundantly, but not very often. Daily moisture zucchini require only in hot weather. They are resistant to drought, but still the leaves may wither.
Watering is done in the morning or in the evening at the rate of 7-10 liters of water per 1 square meter. m square. It is necessary to observe the rule that water should not fall directly under the root, but around the stem of the plant.
Top dressing plays an important role during the cultivation of any crop, and zucchini is not an exception. It is necessary to fertilize bushes 2-3 times during growth with the help of mineral substances.
It is recommended to carry out this process in this way (1 l per 1 adult plant):
- The first stage of fertilizer is made before the period of flowering "Kavili." Dissolve in 8-10 liters of clean cold water with 20 g of nitrophoska and 1 liter of liquid manure.
- The second stage of feeding coincides with the period of flowering culture. To do this, it is necessary to prepare 40 g of wood and 20 g of complex mineral fertilizer for 10 liters of clean cold water.
- Before fruiting, the last feeding procedure is necessary. Take 9 liters of clean cold water and 30 g of nitrophoska.
Loosening the land will allow the root system of zucchini to have access to oxygen. Be careful during this process so as not to hurt this very system and not to harm it. Loosen the soil several times a month, while spuding bushes zucchini.
Diseases and pests
In general, the sort of Kavili zucchini is notable for its good resistance to diseases, fungi and insect pests.
There is a small chance of infection with peronosporia. This will appear in the form of white spots on the sheets, which eventually grow and turn brown.
Subsequently, the sheet begins to crumble and fall off. In order to save the plant, it is necessary to take measures in time: spray the bush with a 0.2% suspension of 80% of “Tsineba”. As a preventive measure against this disease, a full site is cleaned from plant residues since autumn.
The fruit of the zucchini can hit anthracnose. At the same time they will have spots of a pink shade. In this case, spoiled zucchini eat, of course, is prohibited.
The plant itself must be sprayed with Bordeaux liquid (1%) or copper oxychloride suspension. To combat the spider mite, Kavili is treated with the Iskra double effect or Confidor insecticide. Take care of Kavili zucchini correctly, and its wonderful fruits will surely appear on your table.