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Growing pineapple at home

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Exotic fruit can live in any apartment, regardless of climatic conditions and location. You only need to buy a pineapple, to carry out certain actions, to create favorable conditions for the content and to ensure the right care. It is considered to be a tropical fruit fruit, although from a biological point of view this is not entirely true.

What is homemade pineapple

The only member of the Bromeliaceae family (bromeliads) with edible fruits is pineapple. A perennial plant can grow in the wild (Philippines, Thailand, Latin America, USA), and at home. Narrow long (up to 110 cm) pineapple leaves form a rosette, a short stalk slightly rises above the ground. The maximum height of the ornamental plant is 1 m, width –2 m. The peduncle is thick, fleshy.

Flowering grassy culture for a month. Then from small greenish-white flowers a fruit appears, resembling a cone. It is oval in shape, cylindrical, slightly elongated. Tropical fruit is not only pleasant, but also useful due to the content of vitamins and minerals. This dietary natural product:

  • strengthens the immune system (high in vitamin C),
  • thins the blood,
  • prevents blood clots
  • activates the breakdown of fats (due to bromelain),
  • strengthens the nervous system
  • accelerates protein and carbohydrate metabolism (contains manganese),

How to sprout pineapple

If you are puzzled by the question of how to grow pineapple at home, it is important to study the subtleties and nuances of this process in order to achieve the expected result. Under all requirements and conditions, you will receive small, but very fragrant fruit. An interesting feature of a herbaceous plant is the dying off of the mother plant after fruiting.

This is a laborious way to germinate. Small, slightly curved brown seeds are harvested from a fully ripe fruit. For the quick germination of homemade pineapple, it is necessary to provide warm air. The temperature should be more than 20 ° C: the warmer it will be in the room, the faster the fruits will appear. The action algorithm includes the following steps:

  • spread out seedlings on wet wipes,
  • leave in a warm place for a day,
  • put in the ground to a depth of 1 cm
  • pour soft warm water
  • cover the flower pot with glass or film (to create a greenhouse effect).

Another method of germination - basal cuttings. Adult plant shoots side shoots. For sprouting suitable processes on which the fruit is not fastened. They are cut, treated with extract of potassium permanganate, and then charcoal is applied to the damaged areas. The shoots are dried for 2-3 days, and then planted in a mixture of sod land and wet sand. The flower pot is covered with a film or glass and placed in a warm (24-26 ° C), well-lit place. The roots will appear in 60 days. When the first leaves are pecked, the plant is opened.

From the top

The easiest way to grow pineapple from the top. To choose the right fruit for germination, you should follow these rules:

  • Carefully inspect the leaves: they should be solid and bright green. Pineapple with brown or yellow leaves is not worth buying.
  • The density of the fruit should not be soft or hard, choose the middle option.
  • In order to germinate exotic fruit is better to buy from August to September.
  • The peel should be golden yellow, without gray spots.

To remove the top, wrap it tightly with your hand and slowly unscrew it. If done correctly, the inner stem will separate along with the leaves. For an unripe fetus this method will not work: it is better to use a sharp knife. When cutting, do not hold the blade horizontally: observe a 45 degree tilt angle. Next steps:

  1. Remove the flesh remaining on the top so that it does not rot.
  2. Pull back from the tuft 2-3 cm and cut the tuft with leaves.
  3. Remove gently bottom leaves.
  4. Place the planting material in a container with separated water at room temperature.
  5. Put the flower in a warm and illuminated room.
  6. Change the water every 2 days.
  7. After 3 weeks, the roots will appear, after which the plants can be transplanted into the ground.

Planting pineapple at home

The fruitful tropical plant looks very unusual in the interior of the apartment, so growing pineapple at home is not uncommon lately. With proper care, the exotic fruit takes root perfectly, and under favorable conditions it may even bloom. Wait for the appearance of strange fruits can be in 2.5-3 years.

The size of the flower pot should be no less than a pineapple cut from a tuft. Over time, the plant will still have to be transplanted into a larger space, so you can immediately take a container with a diameter of 33-35 cm. If this is not possible, a pot measuring 15–20 cm will fit. A prerequisite is the presence of a drainage hole. In the absence of it, excess moisture will accumulate, leading to decay.

At the bottom of the flower pot must fill a layer of expanded clay. Then you need to fill the container with soil. The substrate can be prepared by yourself or buy. There are several variants of the soil composition for homemade pineapple:

  • river sand and peat in a 1: 1 ratio,
  • leaf humus, peat, turf ground, sand (2: 1: 1: 1),
  • turfy, leafy ground, peat, birch sawdust, coarse sand in proportions of 3: 2: 2: 2: 1.

Pineapple care at home

After 2 months, you can already repot the homemade pineapple. By this time, the plant will take root and be able to actively absorb moisture and nutrients from the soil. Such a transplant is carried out every year. In order that the root system does not grow much, it is important to choose a new container, 2-3 liters more than the previous one. When transplanting the plant is transferred along with a clod of earth.

Growing conditions

For proper growth and development it is necessary to ensure optimum humidity, a certain temperature regime, regular watering, lighting and fertilizing. Indoor pineapple is a photophilous plant, while exposure to direct sunlight is undesirable. The best option is to place a flower pot on the west or east side. A perennial plant grows well with one-sided lighting, so turning it is not recommended.

In winter and autumn, the thermophilic fruit must be further illuminated. To do this, you need to install a fluorescent lamp at a distance of 20 cm from the planting container and highlight the pineapple 9-10 hours a day. A light day for an ornamental plant should be 12 hours. In summer, it is important to maintain the temperature at 23-25 ​​° C, and in winter - 16 -18 ° C. If the room is cool, you must use heating devices. Cold air from an open window or exposure to a battery can lead to a disease or wilting of an ornamental plant.

In the wild, pineapples can do without water for a long time, so at home a tropical plant does not need to be plentiful and often watered. In summer, water procedures can be carried out 2 times a week, and in winter - reduced to 1 time. It is important to monitor the condition of the plant and soil. So, if the leaves have wilted, and the soil has dried, then it is necessary to further moisten the soil. Stream should be sent to the rosette of leaves, filling it at 2/3 volume. Water for this purpose is used at room temperature, pre-settled or filtered.

Vegetation of homemade pineapple occurs from late February to September. During this period, you must regularly feed the plant. Fertilizers are applied every 2 weeks. Monthly, you can spray the plant with iron sulfate (1 g of substance per 1 liter of water). It is not necessary to use alkaline substances (lime, wood resin); organic fertilizers, for example, cow or horse humus, will be suitable for feeding. You can use a ready-made complex of mineral additives, but the dosage to be applied should be reduced compared to conventional plants.

How to stimulate pineapple bloom

Planting pineapple at home is still half the battle. In order to form the ovary, it is necessary to provide him with proper care. There are special events aimed at stimulating the formation of peduncles, for example, this can be done using ethylene. For this:

  • place a piece of carbide (15 g) on ​​the bottom of a liter can,
  • pour water (active release of acetylene will begin),
  • tightly close the container
  • let the solution stand for a day,
  • strain, separating the liquid from the sediment,
  • process the sheet rosette with the mixture.

An alternative is to surround the flower pot with apples and cover it with a packet. Design put in a dark place. After a certain time, the apples will produce ethylene, which will provoke the tropical plant to release the flower arrow and begin to bear fruit. Day 3 package can be removed and put the flower pot in place.

It is possible to stimulate fruiting of pineapples only in a warm time, when heating of the soil and additional lighting are not required. If you carry out this procedure every day, you will very soon find an inflorescence. The flowering period ends with the development of the fruit. Depending on the conditions of maintenance and care, the ripening process lasts from 3 to 7 months. Commercially for this purpose, in addition to acetylene, use acetic acid.

Choosing pineapple for growing at home

In order to grow pineapple in your home you need to know when to buy it. The acquisition is best done in the summer or in the first month of autumn. Also, you need to buy strictly in the store, and not from street vendors. Since only in the shopping pavilion you can choose an intact fruit. Why do you need to buy pineapple in the warm season?

Choosing pineapple for growing at home

Yes, everything is simple. Pineapple is worth quite a bit in the cold, as he immediately freezes, and for planting need healthy tuft. There is one more important moment. When you buy a pineapple, you need to look to the leaves were bright, green and the center was without damage. If this is not, then nothing but rotting you will not get.

Pineapple: plant description

A pineappleit is a herbaceous plant with a stem in its center. In the center of the stem, at the top - inflorescence, which after fertilization turns into fertility.

Outwardly, it can be seen that separate parts of the seed berries grow together into one fruit - pineapple. The stem is surrounded by a rosette - fleshy and thick leaves.

Pineapple fruit has an oval, cylindrical shape, consists of several numerous small parts fused together. At the top there is a rosette of leaves.

The dense scaly sheath of a ripe fruit has a dark green, yellow, brown, or even reddish tint. Inside the fruit - bright yellow flesh. It has a pleasant taste and good aroma. The ripened fruits of pineapple reach a weight of 4-5 kg.

What conditions does pineapple need for successful growth?

Pineapple, when grown at home, is very picky about the conditions that will be created for its successful ripening. Since it is a tropical plant, it is extremely important to maintain proper lighting, temperature and humidity.

Pineapple must be at least 6 hours a day, regardless of the time of year, be in a well-lit place. In summer, the plant can be taken out on the balcony or in the garden, in a moderately lit place. In the cold season, the pineapple must be kept on the south side, in order to obtain even sunlight.

The plant should not be rotated, because it can slow growth, it is enough and one-sided lighting. If the time of year and weather conditions do not allow to provide sunlight, then the pineapple can be highlighted with additional lighting - fluorescent lamps. Only it is worth considering that when using lamps pineapple should receive coverage of at least 8 hours a day.

Air temperature and humidity

Pineapple is very afraid of the cold. If in the summer it is quite satisfied with the ambient temperature, then during the winter time it is worthwhile to foresee methods for preserving heat in the room and soil of the plant. It should not be kept on a cold floor or windowsill, in winter it is best to maintain a soil temperature of 18 - 21 ° C, the maximum temperature for the winter period is 27 ° C.

The plant should not be kept near the batteries and heaters, it is also necessary to provide for the absence of drafts. To maintain moisture, you must use a pot with wet drainage. You can spray the water around the plant, the leaves should not be sprayed, as water can accumulate inside the outlet and cause them to rot. They should be wiped from dust with a damp cloth.

How to plant a pineapple

Before you plant a pineapple at home, it is worth getting a ripe, fresh and healthy fruit for a start.

A good pineapple fruit should:

  1. Have a light sweet aroma.
  2. Have no external damage, the color should be uniform, golden brown.
  3. To the touch pineapple should be elastic. If the fruit is soft, then this means that it is overripe. If the fruit is hard, then, on the contrary, immature.
  4. The leaves at the top must be fresh, green with slightly dried edges - this is an important sign of the maturity of the fruit. If there are gray spots, it means that the leaves are damaged by the insects, and the use of such a fruit should be discarded.

Observing the following rules, we will be able to grow a good pineapple at home, which will delight us with its unusual look and will bear fruit in the future.

Separation of the tuft of fruit

To separate the crown of leaves from pineapple can be quite simple. It is necessary to clasp all the leaves with your hand and turn it very carefully, as if unscrewing the bottle cap. If everything worked out correctly, you should have in your hand a crown of leaves with a small stem below.

If you are worried that you may not be able to do everything carefully, you should use a knife. Knife need to cut off the top crown of pineapple and cut out the whole pulp to prevent rotting.

Crown preparation for root germination

It is necessary to remove a few lower leaves with a knife to expose the trunk, from which we will grow roots. After trimming the leaves and cleaning the trunk, leave our future pineapple to dry for a couple of days to prevent the scars and leaves from rotting after pruning.

Then the dried crown should be placed in a transparent dish with water so that it covers the bare trunk of our plant. Water should be at room temperature. Place the dishes in a bright place on the windowsill. It is necessary to closely monitor the water level, periodically changing the water. If done correctly, the pineapple will take root in 3 - 4 weeks.

Planting pineapple in the ground

After the roots have grown 3-4 cm, pineapple can be planted in the ground. For the initial planting, it is better to use a small pot with a hole for water flow, suitable in size to our crown. At the bottom of the pot stack 3-centimeter layer of drainage, you can use expanded clay.

It is necessary to fill a pot with the friable, nutritious earth. After filling the ground, it is recommended to pour hot water into the ground. After that, you can land our plant. Planting should be 5-6 cm deep, after planting it is good to pour the pineapple with warm water. You need to put the plant in a bright and warm place. Pineapple rooted for 2-3 months.

In the future, the first leaves will wither and die off, but in their place new green shoots will begin to grow. Old leaves need to be carefully cut and removed. The grown pineapple should be watered once a week with warm water. After a year of growth, the pineapple is again transplanted into a larger pot.

You still need to put a drainage layer on the bottom, this time you can use gravel. Soil should be used from a mixture of two parts of peat, one part of river sand and three parts of natural soil. In winter, the growth of pineapple slows down, but you should not worry: with the onset of the warm period, it will begin to grow abundantly, only for this you will need to feed the soil.

Do I need to water the pineapple?

The soil in the pot with pineapple should not dry out, but the water should not stagnate. Therefore, an adult plant should be plentifully watered once a week with warm water.

If the plant is in the open air, then its leaves should be sprayed: they will absorb moisture, and the rest will evaporate. During the period of active growth, watering pineapple can be changed: water twice a week, but reduce the amount of water poured. It is best when the water passes through the drainage completely and flows out.

If there is a swamp smell in the pot or mold appears on the soil, then it should be replaced as soon as possible, otherwise the plant may die.

Top dressing of an exotic plant

During the growing season, pineapple needs to be fed twice a month. A good fertilizer will be ordinary cow's humus. You can also make a complex of mineral fertilizers, which are sold in garden stores, but the dosage should be reduced by half, compared with other plants.

Нужно также опрыскивать растение раз в месяц 0,01% раствором железного купороса. Для ананаса противопоказаны щелочные удобрения, известь и древесная зола.

Секреты успешного цветения ананаса

В природной среде, для того чтобы ананас зацвел, потребуется 26 месяцев. В домашних условиях сроки цветения могут изменяться в разные стороны. When 16 months have passed, and the plant height will be more than 20 cm, you can count on the beginning of flowering. Pineapple blossoms according to the following description.

At the top of the trunk, a bud begins to form, it gradually rises upward on the stem that grows from the stem. A couple of months begins flowering and lasts literally two weeks. The flowers have a bright blue color. One flower opens for just one day. After it blooms, the last flower begins a period of fetal development.

The ripening period ranges from 3 to 7 months, it all depends on the growing conditions and pineapple varieties.

It may happen that the pineapple has reached the desired age and has developed normally, but the flowering does not occur, in which case the onset of flowering can be stimulated. A water solution of ethylene will cope well with this task.

To prepare it, you need to take 1-2 teaspoons of calcium carbide and pour 0.5 liters of water. To maintain this solution in a closed vessel, then pour, filtering from the sediment. This solution should be made in 50-55 ml per week in the upper part of the leaves of the plant. After such stimulation, the pineapple should give a bud in 4-6 weeks. If this does not happen, it means that he has not yet matured or is sick.

How to deal with pests and diseases of pineapple

Growing pineapple as a houseplant, we must be prepared for the fact that it, like other plants, can be attacked by pests. Also, with the incomplete observance of the rules of pineapple care, the plant may have certain problems.

If the leaves start to dry out, it means that the plant is in a very hot or sunny place. It should be sprayed with water and rearranged to a cooler place. If the leaves begin to fade and curl up - the plant should be put on a lighter place.

If the stem of the plant rots - it is necessary to temper watering and stop it until the plant comes to its normal state.

Such pests can attack pineapple:

  • Shchitovka. It affects the leaves of the plant, it can be removed with a cotton swab moistened in ethyl alcohol. Also, the plant should be treated with insecticide, which can be bought in garden stores.
  • Mealy worm. Covers the leaves with a continuous film. You can remove by washing the leaves with soap and water, then treat with an emulsion of Karbofos.
  • Root worm. It affects the root system. When it is detected, it is worth stopping watering and treating the soil with insecticidal preparations.
  • Spider mite. Forms a thin web on the leaves, it must be removed with soapy water, moistened with soft water and treated with a light insecticide.
  • Orchid aphid. A small insect that lives on the upper leaves of the plant and feeds on its juice. Finding aphids, the plant must be processed "Aktellikom."
  • Honeydew. This is a sticky plaque formed by insect excretions. If it is found, the leaves should be washed with soapy water.
  • Fungal diseases. Fungi are formed by fertilizing with nitrogen. If they occur, the plant must be treated with a fungicide.

How to propagate pineapple

Pineapple can be propagated with the help of daughter shoots, which are formed after the pineapple fruiting occurs. On average, one plant produces up to five shoots. Child shoots should be separated from the main part with a knife. They must reach a height of 15-20 cm and have their own roots.

When transplanting daughter shoots, it is worth using not very bulky pots in order to keep the roots from growing strongly. The trunk, at the end of which the roots are located, is dripped to the ground to a depth of 1 cm.

Growing pineapple from the top

For those who want to grow a pineapple on their own, you should know that it is better to start this process at the end of summer, in August or September. It is then that one can expect that pineapple bought in a store or on the market is suitable as planting material. It is better to take several fruits to increase the likelihood of successful rooting.

So, the fruit for planting material should be ripe, but not overripe, golden brown in color with bright green not too large leaves. They should not be gray spots, the presence of which indicates the defeat of the plant by the scarlet - for planting such fruits should not be used.

Pineapple head cut and peeled

Preparation crown for later landing:

  1. Cut the top of a pineapple, at a distance of 2-3 fingers from the leaves.
  2. The flesh is selected around the ring from the crust, not reaching the center, where a round island is left, from which the roots will later germinate.
  3. The lowest leaves are removed.
  4. The inside of the sprinkled with activated or wood charcoal, you can wipe with a very weak solution of potassium permanganate, so as not to start rot.
  5. The top of the pineapple is suspended for 2 weeks to dry slightly.

Sometimes the tops, planted 5 or 6 hours after treatment, successfully take root.

Planted crown is planted in a pot whose diameter is not much larger than the diameter of the seedling. At the bottom of the pot a layer of drainage, for example, expanded clay, is filled up. The soil may consist of a mixture of peat and sand, and you can buy ready-made earthen mixture for cacti.

The hole for planting do shallow up to 2.5 cm. It is recommended to pour a little crushed charcoal on its bottom. The ground should cover the seedling to the lower leaves and be tightly tamped. After planting, the plant is watered, covered with a plastic bag or glass jar and put in a warm and bright place.

Growing pineapple from tuft

You can simply unscrew the tuft of pineapple - it is separated from the fruit with a small stem. It is necessary to remove 3-4 bottom sheets to expose the base. So that the barrel does not rot, after cleaning, leave it to dry for several days.

Tuft easily unscrewed hands

Now we put pineapple tufts in glasses with water - this is the easiest and most reliable way, as practice has shown. Put the glasses on the windowsill to other colors.

Pineapple should be in the water only a couple of centimeters and not touch the bottom

It is necessary to constantly add water, sometimes to change it completely - and after two or three weeks the roots will appear.

Good roots - you can plant in the ground

As they become a couple of centimeters - we plant in the ground. About the composition of the soil has already been said, we bury the tuft of three centimeters into the ground, more precisely - all the exposed base.

Pineapple will finally take root in one and a half to two months. This will be seen on the new leaves, which will appear in the center of the crest.

As new pineapple leaves grow, the old ones will turn brown and dry up - they need to be carefully cut. Their place will be taken by young leaves. Watering a young pineapple is rarely needed - once a week.

About a year later, the pineapple should be transplanted into a larger pot, adding soil for cacti. Be sure to good drainage of expanded clay, gravel - because the roots of pineapple do not like stagnant water and the plant can die from excess moisture.

Pineapple transplant in new pots

In winter, the pineapple is a period of rest, and with the onset of spring, it begins to grow rapidly. If in the spring the pineapple does not grow, it means that it is urgently necessary to transplant with the change of land, since the soil is depleted.

When growing pineapple at home, you should follow certain rules of care - create this tropical plant suitable conditions for good growth and the formation of the fetus.

Lighting and temperature

For a green pet to feel comfortable, it must be light and warm. Pineapple comes from the tropics and cold, especially frost does not tolerate at all. In the summer of room pineapple can be put on the balcony, take to the country. You need to place the plant under the canopy of trees so that the light is diffused. In the fresh air it grows well. For good development of the plant, you need to keep it in a bright place for at least 6 hours a day at any time of the year.

In the summer, pineapple loves to "walk"

Watering and fertilizer

Watering should be infrequent and abundant. The ground in the pot should be wet, but the stagnation of water should not be allowed, for this and need good drainage. On the one hand, the pineapple is adapted to droughts, and it can be watered once a week in winter, and during the growth period it is watered more often and more abundant.

In the summer it is very good to spray the leaves with water, it will be absorbed by the leaves, and the surplus will quickly dry outside. Do not do this at home, especially in the winter - the water will stagnate in the leaves and the plant may rot.

Pineapple

Feed the pineapple fertilizer only in the period of growth in the summer. And it should be done carefully, little by little. If you spray on the leaves, then make sure that the liquid fertilizer does not fall on the young leaves - they can get burned.

Pests and diseases

With good care and compliance with the rules of cultivation of indoor pineapple, it is almost not affected by pests. It can be affected by mites and mealybugs. It helps in the fight against them washing the leaves with soapy water, then rinse the leaves with clean water. With a strong defeat, you can use insecticides, breeding strictly according to the instructions.

Pineapple can ache with heart rot under the influence of fungus. At the diseased plant, the leaves in the center turn black and are easily removed from the trunk. You can save the plant - for this purpose, any fungicide is poured into the center. Over time, the plant will release a side shoot, and the old then gently cut.

Can I get pineapple fruit at home?

Sure you may. With careful care, the plant blooms after 2 or 3 years, and after the fruit ripens, it dies. But there are processes that can be used to grow new plants.

Ripe pineapple fruit

When growing pineapple at home, the timing of flowering is difficult to predict, they can move in any direction. Usually at the age of one and a half months, when the flower grows to 25 cm in height, an inflorescence appears. From the crown grows a long stem, on top of which an inflorescence forms.

Pineapple blooms for two months and flowers appear for two weeks, every day. Bright blue flowers open only for days row by row - then wither. The fruit begins to develop after the last flower wilts. Pineapple fruit grows and ripens up to six months - it depends on the conditions and pineapple variety.

Pineapple picking up color

What if the pineapple does not form fruit?

There are times when the pineapple does not want to bear fruit at all. If it is already sufficiently developed, then it can be stimulated to fruiting. For all bromeliads, the family of which includes pineapple, ethylene is a stimulant. To form it, pour 1 teaspoon of calcium carbide in half a liter of water. And leave for a day unopened. Then drain the liquid without sediment. You will get an aqueous solution of ethylene.

Pineapple on the windowsill

Every day, pour 50 grams of solution into the center of the leaves of pineapple for a week. Usually after this procedure flowering begins in a month. If nothing happens, the plant is either not ready for fruiting, or is sick.

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