In room conditions, you can grow many types of vegetable and spicy-flavoring plants, not uncommon - cherry tomatoes on the windowsill. They are grown for bright fruits of different colors, which have high taste, can be used in fresh and canned form. The special subtleties of growing cherry tomatoes on the windowsill are the topic of this article.
High yield varietal tomatoes for indoor cultivation is striking in its abundance.
Cherry tomatoes at home began to cultivate after Israeli breeders bred the first variety of this amazing plant, using a gene combination capable of slowing fruit ripening.
Modern varieties of cherry tomatoes can boast a variety of shapes of fruits that differ in size. Along with the classic red color of the flesh, you can find the fruits of yellow, orange, crimson, pink and brown.
The height and shape of the cherry tomato bush is very different, which makes it possible to choose a low-growing compact variety for planting on the windowsill as an ornamental plant, as well as tall varieties of tomato for growing in a greenhouse or in the open field. Industrial cultivation of cherry is very profitable - the plants give a rich harvest of healthy fruits that do not lose their nutritional value for a long time, are best adapted for long-term storage and transportation.
In this article, we will take a detailed look at the agrotechnical cultivation of cherry in room conditions.
How to grow a cherry tomato correctly so that the plant is properly shaped and has a high yield?
Cultivation of cherry tomatoes at home differs in some features that need to be considered when planting plants in a room.
Cherry can be grown only on the lightest sill, windows of southern and western orientation are ideal. If the cultivation of tomatoes in the room is carried out in winter, when the day is short enough, the plants will need to be illuminated with lamps, otherwise the buds may fall off.
It is necessary to grow cherry tomatoes on the windowsill with moderate humidity. It is not allowed to re-moisten the soil during watering, as well as to carry out frequent sprinkling of the tomato crown with water. Excess moisture stimulates the plant to the rapid growth and development of stepsons. With high humidity plants difficult to form the ovary, so you will need to carry out forced pollination manually.
Water for irrigation of tomatoes should not be cold, it is better to defend it in advance in a separate container. Irrigation mode is set individually, while taking into account weather conditions. In the warm season, the frequency of watering increases up to 2 times a week, on cold days it decreases. Watering is best done from a watering can with a spray.
How to grow a rich harvest of cherry? Plants need to be fed in the seedling stage, young plants are fertilized with nitrogenous compounds for the growth of green mass. An overdose of nitrogen fertilizers can interfere with the development of the ovaries, and even cause them to fall off. Ideal fertilizers for cherry tomatoes during budding are superphosphate, ash and humus. When the ovary is gaining strength, you can feed the plants with potash fertilizers and trace elements.
For planting cherry tomatoes, you can use ceramic or plastic containers of different shapes and sizes. One bush will require a classic-shaped pot of at least 18 cm in diameter, up to 5 liters. You can plant several plants in a small plastic box. For ampel varieties of tomatoes, floor vases or hanging pots will be required. Drainage of fine claydite, sand or foam chips is placed on the bottom of the tank to protect the plant roots from excessive moisture during overflows.
Composition of planting soil
Cherry tomatoes on the windowsill are grown in the same land mix as the classic varieties of ordinary tomatoes. The composition of the soil mixture: turf ground, peat, compost or humus in the ratio of 1: 1: 1, with the addition of a small amount of coarse sand. In the ready mix add charcoal at the rate of 200-250 g per 10 liters of the prepared mixture.
You can use ready-made soil for seedlings of tomatoes or land for vegetable crops, previously diluted with sand.
Seedling cherry seed.
Growing cherry tomatoes from seeds is the most common way to get seedlings for growing on a windowsill. Seeds should be purchased in advance, choosing varieties of cherry to taste.
In the second half of February, you can sow the seeds in cooked containers with light soil. Seeds of tomatoes can not soak before planting, sow directly into the ground directly from the package. However, experts say that when seeds are soaked in growth regulators (“Epin”, “Zircon”, “Humate”), seedlings develop faster and are less exposed to diseases.
Sowing is made in the nutrient mixture, which is pre-shed water. Seeds are not buried deep, not more than 2 mm deep into the ground. If the seeds have good germination, seedlings will soon appear, which can be dived into separate pots in a stage of 2-3 leaves.
Care for seedlings is timely watering, loosening the soil and fertilizing the fertilizer.
If ripening cherry watering is plentiful and immoderate, the fruit may crack, leading to loss of crop. Watering cherry tomatoes requires special attention.
Some varieties of cherry produce such a large crop that it is necessary to provide for the installation of props under heavy brushes, otherwise ripe tomatoes can break the stem. Props should be installed under the branches when the ovaries appear.
Before sowing seeds, it is worth checking their germination, soaking them in a glass of water. Empty seeds will float to the surface, and seeds with embryos will sink to the bottom of the glass, which is what they should be taken to seedlings.
Features of growing and care
In order for cherry tomatoes to grow without causing any problems, and bring a good harvest, you should consider a few nuances:
- First you need to choose the right pot for this plant. They should be cylindrical in order to better fill the root system. It is not advisable to use pots, the shape of which resembles a rectangle or square. And after the containers are selected, they must be filled with nutrient soil.
- The southern or eastern sill is perfect for placement, since the plant loves light very much.
- Also, tomatoes will need light illumination, because otherwise they begin to bud. For this, it is desirable to use a source of short-wave blue-red color.
- Seeding is done in palletsafter which they are covered with a film of polyethylene (glass). They are kept in a place where it is dark and quite warm in the range of 25 to 30 degrees. When the first sprouts appear, the film is removed, and after 2 true leaves grow, the plants need to dive into pots, where they will grow.
- When the tomatoes are transplanted to a permanent place, they should be properly organized care, which is very similar to that used for simple tomatoes grown in open ground. Plants need timely watering, pasynkovanie, prevention and treatment of diseases, fertilization, garter to the support.
- If you have the desire and experience, then these plants can be grown in hydroponics.
Cherry tomatoes, of course, love moisture, but it should be noted that its excess can lead to a rapid build-up of stepsons and green mass in the plant. When the weather is cloudy, these plants should be watered 2 times less than usual. In tomatoes of this type, the pistils are spliced with stamens (because of this they are self-pollinated), but if the soil moisture is very high and the air temperature stays at 30 degrees, then the ovaries form extremely poorly. You can improve the situation with a brush. She should just walk through the flowers, which will significantly increase the number of ovaries.
Stems and cuttings of this plant rooted very simply and easily. Therefore, it is not necessary to grow cherry tomatoes from seeds. You can easily transfer them from your garden. And you can root shoots or stepchildren.
In order for the stepchildren to take root, as quickly as possible, in the water poured into the glass, you need to add quite a bit of fertilizer for flowers. And if they are provided with good room conditions, then their rooting will take place after only 7 days. So, just a great seedling in the spring is obtained from the plants that you have rooted in the fall. And this seedling can be obtained in just half a month. Plus, this kind of seedling begins to bear fruit after just a month, and that is all because it is part of an adult well-developed plant.
Also, another advantage of this type of breeding plants and planting them in open ground, is that they have time to give the crop long before the phytophthora begins to actively spread.
In the cultivation of cherry tomatoes there are several tricks:
- So, you can plant newly rooted shoots in June for the 2nd time, and they will actively fruit you until mid-autumn.
- German gardeners know one trick, which allows them to eliminate the stretching of seedlings, if it does not have enough light. And it is very easy to do. You will need a soft brush, which is necessary from time to time to gently carry on the leaves and the tops of the shoots. As a result, the hairs are slightly damaged. placed on their surface, so that the seedlings begin to grow much slower and shrubs.
- Some gardeners grow cherry tomatoes in iron-made buckets. Such plants do not land in open ground. The fact is that thanks to such an unusual capacity, tomatoes do not become infected with blight. And this is because iron can significantly inhibit the growth and development of this fungus.
Hybrids and varieties for the windowsill, as well as loggias
- Cherry Lisa F1,
- F1 Bead,
- F1 date,
- Zelenushka F1,
- Cherry Licopa.
Choice of earth mixes and feeding features
Surely for a large number of people who decided to grow cherry tomatoes on their windowsill, it is very difficult to resist the bright packages of fertilizers, which are literally in every store. After all, it seems to them that without them the plant simply cannot grow normally and bring a good harvest. But here it is worth considering that the abundant feeding of plants can cause them very great harm.
And you should know that the substances contained in the fertilizers, can accumulate in the fruit, as a result of which they become poisonous. And in order for cherry tomatoes to grow beautifully, it will be enough to choose the right planting ground and feed them with any WMD every 2 weeks or use simple vegetable tinctures for this purpose.
Ground mix is easy to prepare. To do this, mix the sand, compost, peat, garden, and sod land. It is also recommended to add some charcoal.
According to many experts, the usual mechanical mixing of the earth is less effective than that which is carried out with spraying layers. Due to this, the soil is restructured, and as a result, when irrigating, the liquid will be more evenly distributed over the substrate.
Using the above tips, you will certainly be able to grow strong and healthy cherry tomatoes, which for a long time will delight you with their harvest.
Small but fruitful: the benefits of cherry tomatoes
Cherry tomatoes received their unusual name not only for their appearance, but also for their taste. The fruits of this variety are very fragrant, slightly sweetish, with light fruity notes. Among Cherry benefits:
- Excellent yield. At home on each branch of the bush is formed up to 20 fruits. They all ripen at the same time, so they are often harvested by whole branches. Up to 1.5 kg of small-fruited tomatoes can be harvested from a bush per season.
- Long fruiting period. In the open field, tomatoes bear fruit all summer. The development of the ovaries is inhibited when the temperature drops to 8 degrees. At home, tomatoes can be harvested until deep autumn and even winter, then a period of rest begins for the plants.
Cherry tomatoes can be bright red, yellow, orange, green, pink, cherry-brown.
Compact and fruitful varieties Thumbelina, Cherry, Cherry Lisa, Bonsai, Minibel, Balcony gold, Balcony red, Date, Bead are suitable for growing at home. There are also ampel varieties that are conveniently planted in hanging baskets.
Options for home growing
How to grow cherry tomatoes at home? They can be grown in a greenhouse or open field. Very impressive look tall specimens that are attached to the trellis. Such bushes reach 2.5 m in height. More compact bushes with a height of 1-1.5 m are more often placed in tubs or pots. Such tomatoes successfully grow on verandas, loggias, balconies. Some vegetable growers use tin buckets as a container for tomatoes. It is noted that tomatoes planted in such unusual vessels are practically They do not have phytophthora, develop well and give a bountiful harvest.
You can visually see cherry tomatoes at home in the photo below:
How to plant seedlings yourself?
In order to properly plant and grow cherry tomatoes at home, you need to know a few simple tips, which we will discuss below. Miniature tomatoes can grow seedsby sowing them on seedlings as well rooting stepchildren. Beginners should try both ways, and then dwell on the one that seems most appropriate. Usually, the sowing of seeds begins in March, in this case the fruiting period of tomatoes will last until December. First you need to sort out the seeds, throwing empty and ugly. To accelerate the germination of seed soaked in a growth stimulator for 12 hoursthen washed with clean water and wrapped in wet gauze to swell.
The ideal soil consists of a mixture of garden soil, rotted humus, peat and washed sand. Disinfect soil will help calcining or spilling a water solution of copper sulphate. For greater nutritional value, ash or complex mineral fertilizers are applied to the soil. It is worth adding shredded charcoal. Soil mixture is thoroughly mixed and loosened.
Prepared seeds are sown in containers and sprinkled with a layer of soil with a thickness of 8-10 mm. The soil surface is sprayed with water from a spray bottle, you can spill it with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Containers are closed with film or glass and exhibited in a warm and dark place.
After the appearance of the second sheet of seedlings dive. When diving, it is recommended to gently pinch the root tip to stimulate the development of the root system. Then the surface of the soil is spilled with a warm solution of potassium permanganate and sprinkled with calcined sand.
Seedlings need to harden, periodically removing the film from the surface of the container. The temperature in the room should not fall below 22 degrees during the day and 18 at night. The ideal day light for tomatoes lasts up to 16 hours, with the onset of twilight landing will have to highlight the lamps.
You can grow seedlings without picks. To do this, swollen seeds are planted in filled with soil in cups, 2 pieces in one container. After germination and formation of 3 true leaves the weaker sprout is removed. Soil is poured into the cups as the seedling grows and develops.
Propagating tomatoes stepchildren much easier. Shoots, separated from the adult bush, rooted in a container of water. Already after a week the seedlings can be moved to the pots. Thus, it is convenient to propagate the plants of the variety you like, as well as quickly replace the old bushes.
Home care for tomatoes
Young plants are planted in high cylindrical tanks. volume of at least 5 liters. In close and small pots to achieve a good harvest will not work. The bottom layer is laid drainage.
Small ampelous varieties are planted in deep hanging baskets, the bottom of which is also filled with a drainage layer. Reduce the frequency of irrigation and maintain soil moisture will help portion of the hydrogel, placed in each container.
Importantto selected basket had no sharp edges. Overflowing stems may break. Amputee tomatoes are suspended in a well-lit place, protected from wind gusts.
And what needs to be done to grow the cherry at home on the windowsill in the winter?
In the cold season over tomato plantation придется оборудовать подсветку. При недостатке освещения стебли бледнеют и вытягиваются, прекращается цветение и образование завязей.
Температура в помещении не должна превышать 28 градусов и опускаться ниже 18. If the plants live on an open balcony or veranda, with the onset of the first night frosts they need to be moved to the room. Tomatoes placed on the windowsill like frequent airing and periodic spraying with warm water. In the heat of the window is better to keep open.
Tomatoes like moderate humidity without water and dry soil. Soft water at room temperature is used for irrigation. Watering the plant under the root is not recommended; it is advisable to use a watering can to moisten the soil. Irrigation mode depends on the weather. In dry and sunny it is worth watering the bushes twice a week, in cloudy weather, the intensity of watering is reduced by half.
Miniature tomatoes very sensitive to soil nutrition. It is not recommended to overfeed bushes with nitrogen-containing fertilizers. They stimulate the growth of green mass to the detriment of the ovaries. Ideal fertilizers for tomatoes - superphosphate, ash and rotted humus.
In the period of flowering and fruiting, fertilizing is carried out every 2 weeks simultaneously with watering. In greenhouse conditions, cherry tomatoes can be fertilized with diluted mullein or chicken manure.
So we learned: Is it possible to grow cherry tomatoes on the windowsill and how to do it? By applying these simple tips, you can enjoy real homemade cherry tomatoes.
How to grow at home or on the balcony?
When growing at home or on the balcony cherry tomatoes may be affected by pests. Periodic spraying and frequent airing of the premises will save from aphids and spider mites. In severe cases, the bushes can be sprayed with insecticides suitable for fruit bearing plants, but do not abuse chemicals. From late blight help medosoderzhaschie drugs.
An important point - the formation of the bush. In garden tomatoes of large-fruited varieties lateral stepsons are usually removedso that the plant does not spend forces on the formation of additional green mass. At home, part of the stepsons should be left.
They give the bush a beautiful shape, moreover, ovaries also form on the lateral processes and fruits are formed. It is worth remembering that beautiful rounded bushes differ slightly lower yields, but they look more decorative.
Delicious and healthy fruits cherry tomatoes are available to all
A careful study of the characteristics of the cultivation of this variety of tomatoes can be concluded that in principle there is nothing difficult in this. Many thousands of our compatriots turn their balconies and loggias into a kind of winter garden. Only instead of flowers here you can see the ovaries of small bright red fruits. And how nice it is to eat tomatoes grown on their windowsill, because their delicious aroma never compares with purchased factory vegetables.
In conclusion, it should be noted that with a responsible approach and a careful study of all the necessary advice and recommendations, the chances of obtaining an excellent result are significantly increased. Most importantly, it is patience that will surely pay off with a bountiful and tasty harvest, which all family members will certainly appreciate. Bright and colorful cherry tomatoes, the photos of which can be found on the net, will in the best way prove the fact that it is possible to get a bountiful harvest.
What varieties of cherry tomatoes are suitable for growing on the windowsill
In order to care for plants was convenient, and the bush did not suffer from lack of space, you should choose low-growing varieties. Among the varieties of cherry tomatoes, suitable for growing at home on the windowsill, especially popular:
- "Florida Petit" - sredneranny, bush up to 30 cm high, bright red fruits weighing up to 40 g,
- "Micron NK" - early, grows to just 15 (!) Cm, the fruits are red and yellow weighing up to 20 g, neutral to the length of the daylight day and tolerates cold,
- “Balcony miracle” is a very common early ripening variety, a bush up to 45 cm high, gives up to 2 kg of tomatoes per season. which are also suitable for conservation,
- "Cranberries in sugar" - early ripe, determinant, the plant grows up to 30 cm, is resistant to late blight,
- "Orange cap" - a short-ripened tomato with fruits weighing up to 20 g, looks good in pots,
- Pinocchio is a mid-season fruitful variety, rarely growing above 30 cm.
Air humidity and temperature
Tomatoes love warm fresh air. Therefore, the room in which they grow should be regularly aired (preferably after watering). It is necessary to monitor the temperature the day was about 25 ° C, and at night 18 ° C. As long as the tomatoes do not bloom and do not bear fruit, it is possible to maintain the temperature 2-3 ° C below. It is desirable that the humidity was not more than 65%.
How to choose lighting for a rich harvest
Tomatoes are very light-requiring. They are not afraid even of direct sunlight, but suffer from a lack of light: the stems are strongly drawn out and can even lie down. Therefore, for the cultivation of cherry it is worth choosing windows or balconies that face south or southeast.
Shading is required on southwestern windows in summer. If the light is not enough, then you may need more lighting fluorescent light. Optimum light day for a tomato of 13-14 hours.
Planting cherry in indoor conditions
At home, tomatoes can be planted at any time of the year - unlike plantings in the garden, you are almost not limited to the weather. It is only necessary to take into account that if you want to get fresh ripe fruits for the New Year's table, then you should start seedlings in September.
Planting tomatoes in pots
After processing, the seeds are placed on a damp cloth, covered and left there until germs appear. Sprouted seeds are planted in prepared small containers for seedlings (for example, disposable cups) to a depth of no more than 2 cm and cover them with a film to create a greenhouse effect.
Periodically conduct airing and watering. After the seedlings get stronger and the sprouts have two true leaves, they are transplanted into prepared pots, pinching the tip of the central root to stimulate the branching of the root system.
Top dressing of tomatoes
Although the temptation to feed pets can be very great, moderation should be observed. Organic and potassium phosphate fertilizers will help the plant to cope with a large number of flowers and ovaries. Excess nitrogen fertilizers will lead to rapid growth of green mass to the detriment of flowering and the development of fruits. You can pour in small quantities of wood ash - it contains potassium, phosphorus and some trace elements.
Tomato peeling features
Many experienced gardeners believe that in order to get a rich harvest, tomatoes need to be grazed, that is, to pinch lateral processes from the trunk.
On the other hand, home plants have a decorative function. Therefore, it is necessary to make some compromise between showiness and efficiency.
Some manufacturers of hybrids indicate that their variety does not need to be staved, for example, “F1 Balcony Red” and “F1 Bonsai Micro”.
How to grow cherry tomatoes on the windowsill?
The first thing you need is to prepare special containers, buy good seeds and soil mixture. To grow fruit plants in the winter, in conditions of lack of sun and nutrients (the pot is very limited in its resources), you will need specialized fertilizers and additional feeding. Cherry tomatoes on the windowsill grow no worse than in the open field, especially if you pick up a place with sufficient lighting. It is desirable that these are windows facing west or south. The air temperature must be above 20 degrees, otherwise the yield will decrease.
Let's start with how to plant cherry tomatoes. It is better to buy land in the store, necessarily loose and fertile. If you decide to do the soil mixture yourself, then you will need garden soil, leaf humus, peat. Before planting, be sure to disinfect the earth. To do this, you can spill the pots with boiling water with manganese dissolved in it. Some gardeners prefer to ignite the soil in the oven, but this option is suitable if you require a small amount.
Choosing a pot
Cherry tomatoes on the windowsill will grow in any pots that you pick for them. But in order for them to actively bear fruit, the volume of land for one bush must be at least 5 liters. It is advisable to choose containers that are not too deep and wide. Pay attention to the drainage holes for the discharge of excess moisture, without them the roots will suffocate without oxygen.
For every 2 pots, or 10 liters of soil, you need to add a matchbox of urea and potassium sulfate, a handful of wood ash. In such conditions, your tomatoes will feel just fine.
The best varieties for home cultivation
Not all cherry tomatoes are undersized. The varieties today are represented by such abundance that time should be spent to study their features, so as not to accidentally buy a garden giant. There are varieties of Russian breeding, which successfully grow both in open ground and on the balcony. There are tomatoes that bear the fruits of scarlet color, these are the already famous Winter Cherry, Andryushka and Bead. They are successfully grown on balconies and loggias, as well as simply on window sills. Today this company is complemented by red cherry tomatoes. These are varieties such as Sparrows, Queen Margot. In order to diversify the winter table or make a beautiful vegetable platter, you can plant varieties of yellow and orange cherry tomatoes. These are Lemon, Golden Bead and Midday. From the cocktail tomatoes of domestic breeding, we can recommend the varieties Sunny Bunny, Mariska and Rosita.
Growing cherry tomatoes on the balcony, I want the bush to occupy as little space as possible, but at the same time give a lot of fruit. Under these criteria, the Ampel hybrid is excellent. It will grow great in a pot, old barrel or hanging pots. A distinctive feature is the formation of the bush. Instead of stepsons, it forms a brush, so the bush resembles a Christmas tree, which is all hung with bright red toys. Like all the above small-fruited hybrids, it forms fruits weighing up to 50 g, it is notable for high yield and excellent taste of tomatoes. They are delicious, dense and very beautiful.
Transplant tomatoes tolerate almost painless, but you need to be careful not to damage the fragile stalk. The first pick is performed in pots with a diameter of 8-10 cm. The tip of the spine is pinned so that the root system develops better. Pots should be placed on the bright window sill, the air temperature should be about 23-25 degrees. Now it is necessary to constantly take care of the seedlings, water, loosen the ground and apply complex mineral fertilizer to the soil every ten days.
During this period, a disease called blacklegged is especially destructive for plants. For prevention, it is necessary to periodically water the soil with a solution of potassium permanganate. The second danger is the lack of sunlight. In winter, daylight hours are short, so tomatoes should be lit, otherwise the seedlings will stretch and die.
Home-made cherry tomatoes are transplanted a second time when the plants form 6-8 true leaves. Now you need to allocate to each seedling an individual pot of at least 5 liters. When transplanting tomatoes should be deepened by 10-12 cm to form a strong root system.
Now the plants have transferred the final transplant to the pot, where they will grow throughout the growing season. Home-made cherry tomatoes need regular watering as the soil dries. In order not to form a crust on the surface, the soil should be regularly loosened. 10 days after transplantation, a complex mineral fertilizer should be applied to the soil. Each plant will require approximately 250-300 ml of solution. Concentration is indicated on individual packaging. Every two weeks you need to repeat feeding to ensure conditions for normal fruiting.
Virtually all varieties with growth form stepchildren - these are lateral shoots that develop in the leaf axils. Low-growing indoor plants form two or three stalks. To do this, leave the top of the central stem and another one or two stepsons. The rest are removed. Ideally, a short-growing plant is a central stem and two stepsons at different levels. In addition to the stepsons, it is necessary to remove the diseased and yellow leaves, as well as the foliage covering the fruits of the lower brushes. By the way, the number of brushes also need to be limited. On each stalk, you can leave four bunches of ovaries, then pinch the top of the head.
Tomatoes are self-pollinating plants, but you can increase the yield through manual pollination. To do this, during flowering, it is recommended to open the balcony, so that a fresh breeze was walking in the room, or simply to shake flowering twigs. When most of the brushes have formed, the tops and flowering branches are removed so that the fruits can fully develop. To accelerate the growth and development of fruits, use another technique. The plant is taken as the base of the stem and pulled upwards, as if trying to pull it to the surface. It is necessary to tear off small roots. Then the plant is spud and watered. The root system responds with a powerful development of additional roots, and this has a positive effect on the growth and ripening of fruits. Do not forget about the use of fertilizers. With a lack of nutrients it will be difficult to expect a good harvest, because the pot is a closed and limited ecosystem.