For the first time, the word “sedge” (in combination with the word “sweet”) can be heard in the cartoon “Little Raccoon”, while adults will immediately say that it is grass or marsh, or growing along the banks of rivers.
Of course, for a landscape designer’s ear, such a primitive definition is simply offensive - for him, the concept includes a whole family of plants, which are the most important decorative material (especially when it comes to landscaping the coast of a natural or artificial reservoir).
But the culture is no worse than in other, most unexpected places that are completely unrelated to water, because besides “water” - aquarium and others, there is also a decorative “land” sedge: forest, home, garden and even room.
Sedge in landscape design
Almost all of the Osokov family are distinguished by narrow leaves with parallel veining, tough enough to hold a form on their own, without lying down and not leaning on neighboring plants. Due to this, the structure of the bush is similar to a multi-jet fountain abundantly sprinkling in all directions (the height of which depends on the type and variety of the plant).
The leaves can be colored uniformly or have light stripes in the form of a single bordering edge, or several parallel lines evenly distributed across the width of the sheet. They can be smooth-flat or have a central groove coinciding with the longitudinal axis of the sheet.
If it were not for a faceted stem, the family could be completely attributed to typical cereal crops, because it gives spruce-spikelets with real grain-covered grains (like wheat, but much smaller) - hence the ability to spread with the help of the wind.
But the main method of reproduction is still rhizomatous, especially popular with aquatic species due to the friability of bottom soil, or an increase in breadth (among those living on land) due to the abundance of adventitious roots.
The height of the bush can be almost dwarf, and quite impressive.
All family members are grateful material for creating landscape ensembles because of:
- unpretentiousness in care,
- laconic beauty of the plant,
- rapidity of growth throughout the area allotted to them.
The taste and color
- Sedge pointy(C. acutiformis) grows quickly in the pond, so plant the plant right in the pot.
- Sedgehanging (C. pendula) - grass meter height with drooping spikelets for wet places.
- Sedge (C. pseudocyperus) is hardy and grows well in the coastal zone.
- New zealandsKaya sedge Buchanan (C. buchananii) - an evergreen plant 40 cm high, for the winter it needs to be transplanted into the tub and put into the room.
- Sedge ruststingy (C. siderosticta) ‘Variegata’ is a summer-green look with young leaves of a pinkish hue (later becoming variegated), 15 cm high.
- Sedge flaxheliife (C. flagellifera) with drooping stems, as almost all "New Zealanders" are not able to winter in the garden.
- SedgeOkhimenskaya (Carex oshimensis) ‘Evergold’ 20–30 cm high is an ideal candidate for pot culture.
Sedge - It is a perennial with a well-developed root system. It has more than 2000 subspecies.which differ in height, a decorative look and requirements for active growth.
Homeland is considered East and Europe. Some sources call the birthplace of Australia. It is used as decoration of gardens, greenhouses, greenhouses, summer cottages. Some subspecies look like dense pads. It is convenient to lie on them and sunbathe. Other subspecies are lovely racks of emerald hue or small bushes.
Little flowers plants can be monoecious or dioecious. Grow in the form of small spikelets. Usually flowers are bisexualhave female and male pollination. Anthers hanging plants, graceful. Located on thin threads. Plant growth is very fast. In sedge height reaches 45-55 cm.
Visually, sedge species can be viewed in the photo below:
Can I keep at home?
Sedge is a beautiful ornamental plant. It can grow both at home and in the wild. Osoku used as a decor.
The plant decorates greenhouses, botanical gardens, greenhouses, arches, summer cottages. The flower looks great next to decorative fountains, streams, artificial marshes and ponds.
Sedge pruning mainly carried out only by professional gardeners who carefully monitor the decoration of the garden. Unnecessary stems are cut off with a sharp knife or scissors.
In most cases, the sedge is installed next to plants that have lower bare stems. Thus, the lush bush closes all the shortcomings of the garden.
Sedge loves constantly wet soil. Therefore, watering should be frequent and abundant. Marshy subspecies can be immediately contained in deep tanks filled with a moistened substrate.
Pots put in decorative ponds, streams, fountains.
But it is impossible for water to accumulate at the bottom of the pot, otherwise the root system will begin to rot.
Also flower like spraying soft water from the sprayer.
Chlorine must not be in the water. It destroys the roots, after which the branches of sedge begin to shrink.
Water for irrigation and spraying should be distilled, distilled or boiled.
Ornamental species that grow in the gardens are allowed to water thawed and rainwater.
The plant needs feeding. Usually use organic and mineral fertilizers. The application takes place with watering. Frequency: 1 time per two weeks. In the autumn and winter period, the feeding should be stopped.
Depending on the subspecies plant likes dry soil or wet peat ground. At home, use a classic substrate, cooked on their own.
To do this, you will need turf and leaf soil, peat, humus, fine-grained sea sand. For greater breathability add charcoal.
Pots should be spacious and capacious. You should choose clay or wood material. Do not buy plastic, as it emits chemicals. As well as metal, as when rusting it rusts.
Young sedges are transplanted into spacious containers annually. Adult flora should be replanted once every 2-4 years. When the plant grows in the summer cottage or in the garden in the open field - no transplantation is required.
Reproduction occurs by seed, creeping rhizome and division of the bush. Procedure held only in the spring.
When transplanting the rhizome of a flower should be carefully examined. After that, it is divided into several equal parts. It is important that each part has well developed roots. Otherwise, the plant will not be able to fully take root.
Bushes are placed in pots or planted in the garden for permanent growth. When breeding with a creeping rhizome, well-developed healthy roots are selected. They are separated from the stem and put in the water. Periodically water is poured.
Rooting in a moist substrate is also possible. After some time, the first sprouts should appear from the creeping roots.
Thus, the flower is protected from being eaten by wild animals. Therefore, this type of sedge should not be planted next to the road, as in contact with the plant will appear cuts.
Growing from seed
Seed multiplication occurs in late winter - early spring. Planting material must be sown in lightweight, breathable soil.
It is best to prepare leafy land mixed with peat, humus, fine-grained sea sand and any moisture-intensive substrate.
Before seeds should be soaked in boiled water for 12 hours or completely for a day.
Every two hours you need to change and add water.
On the surface of the substrate, the seeds are leveled and sprinkled with soil.
Then planting cover homemade mini-greenhouse, created from a glass jar or plastic bottle. It is important that the glass does not touch the soil..
It is necessary to apply the lower heating. Tanks are installed on heating appliances, batteries, fireplaces, stoves. The required temperature in the greenhouse should not fall below 20 ° C. Otherwise, the seeds will not grow.
The growth time of planting material is scattered. In some cases, the first shoots appear after 2 weeks, in others - after two months. During the growth of the seeds periodically air to avoid rotting.
It should maintain a constant stable temperature. The substrate must be kept hydrated. After the emergence of grass - landing dive in small containers. After full rooting, it is transplanted into pots or beds for permanent growth.
Sedge decorative planting and care
Thinking through the landscape design of the garden or park, they often undeservedly forget about various herbs and cereals. One of the very spectacular plants that can serve as an interesting background for other representatives of the garden flora is sedge. Many believe that this grass is weedy, but it has a lot of ornamental species that will decorate curbs, flowerpots, flower beds, lawns, rock arias and alpine slides with their presence. Thanks to it, you can create very beautiful compositions, it goes well with ferns, flowering shrubs, different colors, emphasizing their virtues or, conversely, hiding their flaws, for example, the absence of foliage.
Sedge comfortably exists in almost any conditions - it tolerates wintering, adapts to the sun with regular watering and to the shade. It takes root even where other plants are unable to survive. Some varieties can even be grown as a houseplant - on a windowsill or balcony. It does not require much trouble in cultivation.
Sedge belongs to the genus of grassy annuals and perennials of the sedge family. More than 2 thousand species of this plant can be found in almost every corner of the globe with a temperate climate. The largest number of species grows in the Northern Hemisphere, many species can be found in the forests of North America, in Russia there are at least 400 species of this plant.
There are sedges living in the tropics of South Asia, there is also a species - inhabitant of Africa. Most of the representatives of this family love humidity, so they can often be found near water bodies and in damp and wetlands. Some species grow right in the water. But there are also sedges that inhabit the mountains, steppes, forests and meadows.
Types and varieties
The decorative sedge was used to decorate gardens even in Ancient Japan along with traditional chrysanthemums and irises. Currently, there are many decorative species and varieties with different properties and characteristics. They are distinguished by leaf colors, height, size, shape, and preferences for light and humidity.
The most common species that are used for growing in gardens, parks, etc., are as follows:
- Sedge hanging - one of the highest varieties, which reaches 1.2 m. This species loves moisture, feels best on the shores of water bodies. Inflorescence in the form of earrings gives it a special decorative effect,
- Sedge palm leaf - A smaller plant, growing not more than a meter, having variegated and dwarf varieties. It gets along perfectly in damp places and even in shallow water, the only drawback is very brittle leaves,
- Sedge morrow - evergreen, winter-hardy, likes penumbra, as its leaves can burn in the sun, forms a mound up to half a meter in height and diameter. This species can be grown as a home plant,
- Sedge mountain - thin-leaved view with black stripes at the beginning of summer, forms dense hummocks no more than 35 cm high, does not tolerate dampness and drought, prefers dark areas, hardy, looks very decorative in borders and rock gardens,
- Sedge rusty-spotted - the species that forms the curtain, blooms in May with spikelets with pink anthers, adapts to both the sun and the shade, has variegated varieties,
- Sedge poultry - the smallest species grows up to 10 cm in height with a bush, this species has very beautiful long leaves that fit in curls around the bush, it is a gentle evergreen plant - it tolerates winter, but does not like dampness and drought.
Also very decorative look brick sedge with brown leaves, sharp, false, Gray - these plants grow well in wet areas. In the ponds for decorating, you can plant sedge dioecious, shaggy, hung or black. In the shaded areas, under the trees, the sedge plantain feels good. In rockeries and rock gardens the most advantageous look for small-sized species, for example, sandy or strong.
Cultivation and care
Growing cultivated species of sedge does not cause difficulties. The best place to land will be a well-lit place, but without direct sunlight. Some species, such as black, coastal or bubble, require a little shading, but dark places do not suit most members of this family.
Osok requires a large amount of fresh air, so for growing you need to choose well-ventilated areas or take the plant to the air during the warm season, if it is grown as a room. But drafts must be avoided! This grass loves cool weather - 15–18 ° C; during the rest period it should be kept at a temperature of 5–7 ° C.
Sedge prefers to grow in neutral or slightly acidic, very moist soil. Different species have their own requirements for soil moisture: some species, for example, graceful and hanging, do not tolerate a strong stagnation of water, but leaf-leaved or coastal - marsh grass, which feels great on wetlands.
Feed the plant twice a month, with the exception of the dormant period in the winter months. Like almost any cultivated plant, sedge is susceptible to pest attack and infection with various diseases. Most often sedge is affected by gray mold and powdery mildew. Among the pests of the plant are dangerous aphid, scythe, spider mite and mealybug.
The plant multiplies:
Copies of the sprawling group can be divided at any time, it is better to propagate the hoch-forming species in spring. Propagation by seeds is not recommended, since most species grown from seed lose their decorative effect.
With timely removal of dry leaves and inflorescences, sedge will grow more healthy and maintain its attractive appearance.
As ground cover plants and planting in rock gardens used stunted varieties that are able to form a solid green carpet.
Conica is an evergreen decorative sedge with rich green foliage, reaching a height of no more than 15 cm. It develops quite quickly and does not require special care.
Morrowii is a variety whose bush height is 20 cm. A beautiful evergreen ground cover plant forms a thick cover. Individual specimens can reach 35 cm in diameter. This variety does not have a uniform color of the leaf - a white stripe on the edge of the leaves gives it a special decorative effect. In single and group plantings, this perennial looks great and can be a wonderful decoration for rock garden and rock arias.
Hybrida The Beatles is one of the most beautiful hybrid varieties of garden sedge, which forms a bump of narrow leaves, the length of which can be no more than 15 cm, while the diameter reaches 40 cm. Since this plant is evergreen, it perfectly preserves the quality of the leaf after winter . This property makes it possible to use it in group plantings with garden primroses.
For unpretentious and drought-resistant forms include Flacca variety, which is characterized by a bluish color of foliage. Small plants, no more than 15 cm high, are capable of developing on any, even scanty soil. It is widely used as a groundcover, but it is characterized by aggressive growth and intensive spread over large areas.
Firma Variegata is also extremely unpretentious and can grow in any light - from scorching sunlight to partial shade and shadow. Its height is barely 10 cm. Dense pillow hummocks are ideal for growing in rockeries and shady areas of the garden. Leaf color can vary depending on the conditions of detention, but in bright light most often whitish-yellow.
Buchananii - an unusually beautiful hybrid with a copper-brown leaf color develops bushes up to 75 cm. This look will look great near a garden pond or waterfall. In addition, it can be used as a background plant for flowering ornamental crops.
Buchananii Viridis is common in southern latitudes, it can winter with light shelter in warm regions, but in the central part of Russia and to the north it will not be able to tolerate frosts. The color of its leaves is pale green.
Comans is a hairy variety up to 60 cm high. Its thin, drooping olive-green leaves form the original form of herbal curtains. Apply for design borders and in group plantings with delicate flowering crops. За счет поникающей листвы волосовидную осоку часто выращивают в контейнерах в качестве ампельного растения. Прекрасно переносит зимние холода без дополнительного утепления.
Elata – влаголюбивый вид, который прекрасно подойдет для посадки вдоль водоема. Встречается несколько сортов этого гибрида, которые обладают крайне декоративным окрасом. Golden-yellow, yellow with green edging and yellow leaves form plantations no more than 60 cm high. These varieties are rarely found on sale. You can buy an exotic decorative sedge only in some nurseries and from collectors.
Sedge shore - This is a perennial herb 60-150 cm tall, with thick long creeping rhizomes. Stems erect, thick, red-brown at the base. Leaves 5–15 mm wide, rigid, flat, knotted-mesh from projecting transverse veins, often gray-green. It blooms in May - July. Fruits in June - August.
Carex comans "Amazon Mist"
Amazon sedge sedge "Amazon Mist" (Latin: Carex comans "Amazon Mist") - perennial cereal plant 10-40 cm tall. Stems filiform. The leaves are pale green or reddish, numerous, 1 mm wide., Hard, drooping. Spikelets 5-7 pieces, they are 1-3 cm long, the upper ones are staminate, linear, almost sessile, the lower ones are pistillate, sometimes the stamens are below, oblong, on filiform legs. Blooms early in late May.
Prefers very rich, drained, moderately moist soils with pH = 7 in the sun or in partial shade. Very afraid of soaking or drying. In spring, dead (whitened) foliage is easily removed by hand. The plant is recommended for areas belonging to zone 7, but it grows quite well in our gardens in secluded corners and withstood frosts down to -30 ° C without snow.
Well planted in the foreground mixborder, turn the track, retaining wall, providing her with the appropriate background, it is especially effective near the water. Great for growing in containers.
Carex comans "Bronco"
Sedge-shaped "Bronco" (lat. Carex comans "Bronco") - An unusual variety of sedge, which resembles a miniature fountain, spilled on a meadow. Its threadlike stems gently lean to the ground, forming a colorful hummock. Plants 10-40 cm tall, densely-grained. Sedge is an evergreen plant, but in central Russia, it grows like a perennial, stormy and drying out in the fall, it will nevertheless add structure to the winter garden. In late summer, blooms with brown spikelets.
Sedge loves the sun and moist, well-drained soil.
The sedge is well planted for framing a flower bed or lawn, it will decorate a rocky garden and looks great in a container.
Carex comans "Frosted Curls"
Vasovid sedge "Frosted Karl" is a wonderful perennial reaching a height of 30 cm. Low grade with thin drooping leaves of light green color with a silver shade. Requires shelter for the winter. Foliage is not cut off. It is drought-resistant, prefers a sunny location, it is undemanding to soils, easily propagated by dividing in spring.
Sedge flagellate - It is a perennial plant with a height of 10 to 40 cm, thick-leaved. Stems filiform. Brownish-golden foliage. Prefers very rich drained, moderately moist soil in the sun or in partial shade. Foliage in no way cut for the winter. Frost resistance is high.
Carex morrovi "Ice Dance"
Sedge Morrova "Ice Dance" (lat. Carex morrovi "Ice Dance") - evergreen perennial, forming a bump with a height of up to 20 cm and a diameter of up to 35 cm. The leaves are broad, arcuate, dark green, on the edges with a wide creamy white stripe.
Does not tolerate both dry and too wet soils. Frost resistance is average. For the winter, it is desirable light shelter of foliage or covering material.
Used for planting around artificial ponds, singly and in groups in rock gardens, gravel and small gardens, as well as a ground cover plant.
Carex morrowii "Variegata"
Sedge Morrova "Variegata" (Variegata) - decorative variety, originally from Japan, 20-30 cm in height. It is considered one of the most common sedge crops.
Pour on her varieties are light green with a gray rim. Depending on the composition of the soil, this variegation may not be noticeable, and the leaves are painted in pure green. Inflorescences grow tall, brown, collected in bunches. Spikelets up to 30 cm in height. Flowering takes place from June to July.
Planting is carried out in the period from the end of spring to the beginning of summer. Sedge propagates by dividing the bush.
Winter hardiness average -4 -6 ° C, It is recommended to cover or store indoors. Prefers shady, half-shaded places for landing. Soil loves moist and nutritious. Sedge Morrova Variegata does not tolerate both dry and too wet soils.
Looks good in group and in single landing. It is recommended for creating color compositions along with such plants as epimedium, host, tiarell. Has established itself in planting in rock gardens, gravel and small gardens, as well as a groundcover plant.
Carex oshimensis "Evergold"
Osoka Omeny "Evergold" - perennial moisture-loving plant that reaches a height of up to 20 cm. The stems are triangular, long as grass, and inflorescences-panicles. The leaves are 35 cm long, broad, arched, leathery, green in color with bright creamy yellow stripes in the center. Small, inconspicuous flowers appear in the beginning - the middle of summer. Flowers attract butterflies. Ooki sedge grows in the form of low cascade lumps. The plant is evergreen in areas with a mild climate. A variety of Japanese origin.
Frost-resistant plant. It is not necessary to shelter it for the winter. This variety is extremely hardy and feels good in partial shade and in the shade. Prefers moderately moist soil. It can grow in sunny places, but it should not be allowed to dry out the soil.
Osoku Okhimenskaya "Evergold" is used for decorating ponds, planted in rockeries and alpine slides, in mixborders and on lawns, in shady gardens and forest areas. Landscape designers used to land both singly and in groups. Combines well with hosts, taro, zolotoyatilechniknikom and other types of sedge. It is also ideal for growing in containers.
Carex muskingumensis "Aurea"
Sedge palm "Aurea" - perennial plant of the sedge family, which forms a slightly spreading bump. Shoots are upright, height 60-70 cm. The leaves grow in bunches at the ends of the shoots, resembling a papyrus. Numerous narrow, pointed yellow-green leaves depart from weak stems, growing to 60-80 cm in height. Flowering takes place from June to July.
Cold resistant (-34 ° C). Prefers good lighting and good watering. In the sun, a variety can grow only with good humidity.
Ideal for group landings and decorating shady areas of a garden or pond.
Carex muskingumensis "Variegata"
Sedge palm "Variegata" - perennial, up to 100 cm high, the foliage of which is located in bunches at the ends of upright shoots. Rapidly growing, forming a dense bush. With sufficient watering it grows well in the sun, but the bushes are much lower than those that grow in partial shade. Decorative effect is maintained throughout the season until October.
Frost resistance zone 3 (up to -40 ° C). Foliage in winter is not preserved, and in early spring it must be removed, as the plant is cold-growing and begins to grow early enough.
Very spectacular grass, Looks particularly good in large groups. In the sun, the variety can be used as a groundcover.
Sedge is very unpretentious. Ideal conditions for it - a wide area, where a lot of sunlight. There are varieties, well-established and in the shaded areas.
Soil, where sedge grows, should be supplied with sand or peat, it is important to do this while planting.
Osoku planted in the garden and in the premises. The plant propagates most often by seeds and division of the bush. This procedure is performed in the spring or autumn seasons, and sedge seeds may be planted immediately in the ground.
Sedge likes abundant watering, especially in hot weather.. In winter, much less water is required. There are sedge varieties that grow rapidly, which is why it is sometimes important to predict growth opportunities and make some restrictions.
This plant needs to be fed organic fertilizers. It is worth paying attention to the appearance of the sedge: it is important to cut the dry leaves in the spring in time so as not to spoil the aesthetic appearance.
How to grow sedge?
It is not difficult at all and does not require special training. It is enough to consider these recommendations:
1) It should be planted those varieties of plants that suit the climatic conditions of your region.
2) Sedge likes moist and well-drained soil, and if your soil is different, add sand and peat when planting sedges.
3) Abundant watering in the heat, in the winter - much less (if sedge is grown indoors).
4) Take care of fertilizers if it is important for you to see a beautiful bush full of life.
5) Limit the growth of the plant, remember its ability to grow rapidly.
6) Protect adjacent areas from sedge infestation.
7) It is important to clean dry leaves in time, to weed sedge.
Diseases and pests sedge
Sedge is not a problematic plant in terms of diseases and vulnerability to pests.. However, poor care and climate inconsistency with plant needs can lead to undesirable consequences.
Frequently, sedge is affected by gray rot, which is caused by excessively high air humidity. In this case, you need to ensure the smooth and abundant penetration of sunlight and high-quality fertilizer. Trichodermin is also effective here. In parallel, all diseased areas of plants should be removed.
Other diseases of sedge include powdery mildew. It also occurs due to high humidity and heat. In this case, you need a special treatment.
It is best to use a garlic extract, a solution of soda ash or a manganese solution against powdery mildew. However, in the case when the disease is neglected, fungicides will only help out.
Sedge is also vulnerable to scutes, cherries, mites and aphids. In order to save the plant in time, it must be regularly examined carefully. Already diseased plants need to be isolated. When the pests have already penetrated the sedge, you can moisten the brush with an alcohol solution and wipe the plant twice a week.
Against shchitovok effective water and soap mixtures, engine oil. The proportion is as follows: 1 glass of water, 20 ml of oil and 10 g of soap. The mixture should be sprayed sedge, cover it for a couple of hours, and after disclosure, rinse with water. Garlic, onion, pepper infusions, as well as karbofos are also good.
Against mealybugs use soapy, garlic, ray solutions, orange zest. They are sprayed sedge every 3 days until the pests disappear. You can use fufanon, decis, Intavir.
More difficult to deal with ticks - their sabotage is not obvious, even if you periodically inspect the bushes. Ticks are removed with their hands, but this is a very troublesome task, although it guarantees the absence of relapses. Effectively use against mites, garlic, onion solutions, infusions of yarrow and plain cold water. Also karbofos or Aktellik.
Aphids are very easy to notice, and the sooner this happens, the better. Damaged plants need to be isolated in time, and aphids - to collect manually. In order to avoid the recurrence of aphids, it is necessary to spray the sedge with onion, pepper, garlic, mustard solutions, or karbofos and Intavir.
Let healthy sedge bushes delight you!
Sedge morphological features
Sedge - herbaceous perennial, especially popular in water bodies in temperate climates. There are about 1500-2000 species of this plant, which is found in almost any climatic conditions.
Most often sedge can be found in the swamps or near ponds. Such a huge number of variations of sedge is expressed both in the appearance of plants, and in the needs of certain conditions for their growth and development. The most common plant variations are mountainous, lowland, marsh and arctic. Sedge perfectly survives on the sand, peat soil, as well as on wet meadows with oxidized soil.
The main feature of this plant, which makes it unique among its family, is the growth of leaves in three rows. When the plant develops rapidly, trihedral stems appear on it.
Sedge roots are subordinate, with the main root dying off 60 days after the emergence of seedlings from the seed. The growth of the root system is directed downward, sometimes with angular development. It is widely believed that the root system of sedge is fibrous.
Most of the varieties are characterized by rosette reproductive shoots. When the fruits finally ripen, the fragment of the plant above the soil dies off, and the side shoots continue to grow.
Reproductive shoots have stems, sometimes having a height of more than 1 m. They may have a triangular, circular shape, concave or flat edges.
Located in three rows, the sedge leaves below are scaly, having a rich color palette: from brown-red to yellowish or white.
The sedge has small same-sex flowers that are in spikelets. The ovary is protected by a special sac, which is an atypical leaf. Being inside this bag, it is covered from the negative impact of the external environment.
See sedge blooms, possibly in different seasons: from March to August. Pollinated sedge with the help of wind.
The fruits of sedge, the so-called nuts or achenes, have one seed, they are not disclosed, they are equipped with a strong pericarp. Their outer side is flat, inside each seed there is a small embryo and a nuclear endosperm containing oil, starch and proteins.
Most often, the fruits of sedge are showered or blown away.
Osoku is loved and appreciated by many gardeners. This perennial has a pronounced decorative character, it can be planted both as a shrub and curtains.