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Blackberry Black Satin, Fit and Care

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One of the favorite berry bushes, which gardeners gladly grow on their plots, is blackberry. Currently, there are about four hundred varieties, and one of the popular ones is Blackberry Black Satin. The shrub has high yields (up to twenty kilograms of berries are harvested from one shrub), lack of thorns, fruit quality.

General Description of Black Satin

Black satin blackberry belongs to perennial plants. The variety is vigorous, grows up to seven meters in height, the shoots are strong and thick, they have no thorns. Initially branches grow high, but, having reached one and a half meters, change position on horizontal. The trifoliate leaves are saturated emerald green, the flowers at the beginning of flowering are pale-violet, then white.

Ripe black berries, large with a rounded, slightly elongated shape. The weight of one fruit is about five grams. Berries are collected in brushes of thirteen to fifteen pieces. Maturation begins at the end of July and continues through September. The taste of the fruit is intense, sweet with a slight sourness. The advantages include:

  • High and yield.
  • Unpretentiousness.
  • Lack of thorns on the branches.
  • Resistance to diseases.
  • The taste and benefit of the fruit.

Thanks to these qualities, Black Satin can be grown both in small private farmsteads and in large agricultural complexes. However, this variety has some drawbacks. They consist in the following:

  • Blackberry branches are too hard, so they break easily, it is difficult for them to give the desired shape.
  • Since the shrub is quite tall, it is difficult to cover for the winter.
  • Ripe fruits are very soft, they can not be transported. Unripe berries are sour, and over-ripe berries lose their taste and spoil quickly.
  • Harvest is difficult to store, so the processing of berries should be done in the first day after harvest.

These are the general characteristics of the shrub. Blackberry is well acclimatized in our country and enjoys great popularity among gardeners.

Planting a plant

To start must choose a placewhere the blackberry will grow. It should be well lit (light partial shade is allowed) and not be located on marshy or sandy soil. In central Russia, a blackberry is planted in the spring; in the south, planting is also permitted in the autumn period. Before planting, you should clear the ground of weeds and dig it up, making a small amount of humus. The process of landing itself is as follows:

  • Dig holes fifty centimeters deep at least one meter apart.
  • Well pour the wells with water at room temperature.
  • To soil the soil with sawdust, peat or compost.
  • Place the seedling in the hole, sprinkle with soil, compacted, water well.

After planting, you need to prune the shoots, leaving three buds on each (the size of the shoot will be about forty centimeters). When the bush is well rooted, shoots can be tied up, directing them in a certain way to give the desired shape. After all, after the branches grow and become rigid, it will not be possible to form a shrub. In order for the shoots not to grow upwards, but to spread along the ground, young flexible branches bend down to the ground and fasten with a large wooden pin.

In the first year blackberries should not be fed, as the shrub may be too active in growth, which will weaken it before the first winter period. Therefore, fertilizer is started only in the second year, when the plant is strong enough.

Watering and further care

Water every blackberry bush should water about twenty liters (as needed). It is important to avoid excessive waterlogging of the soil, as this can lead to root rot and slow growth of the shrub. It is best to water in the morning or evening, the water temperature should be at room temperature.

Beginning from the second year of growth, blackberries are beginning to feed. Fertilization is made in the spring, summer and autumn periods. The scheme is as follows:

  • Spring. Mix five kilograms of compost or humus and twenty grams of urea. The amount of this nitrogenous fertilizer is calculated per one square meter of soil. The composition is made when digging the soil.
  • Summer. In the period of flowering and the beginning of fruiting, you can use simple and affordable folk remedies. For example, crushed eggshell, wood ash, manure diluted with water, yeast.
  • Autumn. Mix 100 g of superphosphate and 20 g of fertilizer containing potassium. Fertilizer diluted in twenty liters of water and pour a solution of the soil under the blackberry. The composition is calculated per square meter.

Fertilization is performed once per period. Timely and correct feeding will allow you to get a good harvest of berries. However, if the soil is fertile, the number of dressings must be reduced, otherwise the shrub will actively grow, and the fruiting will decrease.

In summer, the soil around shrubs needs to be loosened regularly, weeds should be removed. For the winter, the blackberry is covered with a special material, and the ground is ground with sawdust.

The initial pruning of the blackberry is done in the first summer of growth. If the shoots reach one and a half meters in length, they are cut to ten or fifteen centimeters. In the spring of next year, the side branches are cut to a length of forty centimeters - so future fruits will receive more air and light. In the autumn, when the harvest is already harvested, the old shoots are pruned, the young growth is thinned out. On one bush should be no more than ten shoots. Timely pruning is extremely important.After all, the number of fruits on a neglected and overgrown bush will significantly decrease.

Simple breeding methods

There are several methods for breeding blackberries. Here are the main ones:

Reproduction with seeds is quite time-consuming and tedious process, which can not give one hundred percent confidence in the result. In this method, the seeds are collected, dried and stacked in a paper bag. The process of planting seeds is carried out in the spring in a container with nutrient soil, in early summer, the seedlings that have appeared are transplanted to a permanent place.

The most simple and popular among gardeners blackberry reproduction method is Black Satin - reproduction by layering. The action algorithm is as follows:

  • In mid-August, you need to choose a healthy and strong annual escape, bend it to the ground and prikopat. From the uterine bush escape is not separated.
  • The end of the branch must be outside. Escape pruned ten centimeters - this measure will stop the growth.
  • The branch is pinned to the soil with a pin from wire, wood, or pressed down with a stone.
  • The soil in the place of digging is mulched and watered regularly.
  • In about two months, the layering will take root. It should be cut off from the main bush and landed in the chosen place.

This breeding method is suitable for the autumn period. Digging is carried out in September, and young rooted layers are seated in the spring.

Pests and diseases of the shrub

Black Satin is quite resistant to all sorts of diseases. However, it is necessary to know what to do when trouble still happened. The following diseases can threaten Blackberries:

  • Rot. With too abundant watering, the roots of the shrub and fruit may be affected by rot. To avoid this, one should carefully monitor the irrigation regime and avoid over-wetting the soil. In the spring, it is desirable to treat the shoots with a 3% solution of Bordeaux mixture. Berries need to be collected in a timely manner, not allowing them to ripen. Rotten branches are removed and burned.
  • Blackberry mite The pest settles in the plant buds and, with the onset of heat, migrates to the branches and inflorescences. The fruits affected by the tick do not ripen and remain reddish. You can fight insects with ready-made insecticidal drugs, such as Tiovit Jet. Processing is carried out in the spring, while the buds have not yet dissolved, or in the fall, when the berries are already harvested. Spraying will help to cope with other possible pests (moths, butterflies, beetles, aphids, etc.).
  • Powdery mildew. With the disease of the branch, the fruits and leaves are covered with a whitish bloom. Spraying a bush with sulfur preparations, which can be purchased at a gardener's shop, is used against the disease.

To minimize the risk of disease, you must follow all Black Blackin blackberry care rules. It is necessary to regularly remove weeds, thin out the shrubs, observe the irrigation regime and carry out preventive treatment with insecticides.

Blackberry is a beautiful, juicy, fragrant and healthy berry that can become the real queen of any backyard. It takes only a little patience, effort and knowledge to grow a shrub and get a rich harvest.

Gardeners reviews

Together with my mother, we purchased several Black Satin blackberry seedlings and were very pleased. Even in our cold climate, the bushes settled down well and in the second year we reaped the first harvest. I didn’t even expect it to be so easy! Now I recommend this blackberry to all my friends.

I have been growing blackberries of different varieties for a long time and this one is one of my favorites. Crops are always very rich, and care requires a minimum of effort. Excellent grade.

I took a few blackberry layers from my neighbor in the dacha three years ago and never regretted it. The whole family feeds on fresh berries in the summer, and it remains, the wife cooks delicious compotes for the winter from them.

Description and features of blackberry black satin

Black Sateen, a non-bearing blackberry, is a perennial plant with thick shoots. At first, they grow almost vertically up to about one and a half meters. When the weight of the shoots becomes noticeable, they gradually lean towards the ground and creep along it. This type of shrub is called semi-settling. The color of shoots varies from dark green in young shoots to yellowish-brown in adult bushes.

Berries grow drooping tassels, it is clearly seen in the photo. In fully matured form they have a soft, sweet taste and unobtrusive aroma. The weight of blackberry berries Black satin is from 5 to 8 grams, in size they are about the same - not too large, but not small.

Fruits from young plants are larger and juicy. Over the years, blackberries give more berries, but they are significantly smaller in size. Black satin flowers have a delicate pink shade.

The merits of the variety

  • Blackberry bushy blackberry sateen bears fruits during August and September. During this time, an average of 10 to 15 kilograms of berries is collected from one plant - an excellent indicator of yield! The process of ripening berries is similar to the conveyor - even after constant harvesting, the yield is imperceptible. Blackberry fruits ripen at different times. Within one brush, you can see a ripe juicy berry, only the fruit and flowers that ensued.
  • Blackberry unpretentious - it feels great both in the sun and in areas with penumbra. The deep root system allows the Blackberry variety Black Satin to tolerate drought well.
  • The shoots of this culture do not have thorns, their trunks are absolutely smooth.
  • Blackberries can get berries from Blackberry bushes in the second year after planting.
  • The shrub does not allow root growth, and also does not give shoots on a garden site. The blackberry grows strictly where the gardener has identified it.
  • Blackberry Black Satin is not prone to disease and is almost not afraid of pests. To grow such a crop can be without the use of chemicals.
  • Blackberries are useful for the body, including for the prevention of cancer. The leaves are used in traditional medicine for the preparation of decoctions or tinctures.

Lack of variety

  • Blackberry shoots Black satin is not only thick, but also tough. They bend badly and can break under the influence of extraneous force. Therefore, it is almost impossible to give the bushes the desired gardener's shape - bend them to the ground or lay them in a special way.

Important! Shoots can reach a height of five meters. Covering them for the winter with such growth is difficult. Therefore, it is better to advance the plant in a horizontal position, until the shoots are young and have not acquired the characteristic rigidity and fragility.

  • Blackberry harvest Black satin capricious. Ripe berries are very soft, they are not suitable for transportation. In the earlier stages, when the berries are still dense, they have a sour taste. And if a little late with the harvest, it quickly deteriorates, becomes tasteless and is easily affected by rot.
  • Harvested berries are poorly stored. It is better to enjoy the harvest or recycle it within a day after harvesting.

Choosing a place

Blackberry variety Black satin will feel good even in partial shade, but for the quick ripening of berries it is better to choose the area where the sun's rays are frequent guests. The place for blackberry bushes must be protected from the wind, otherwise the shoots may break.

The soil is preferably chernozem, but not too wet. Excess moisture will lead to disease and rotting of the root system of the culture. Blackberry satin is not suitable for limestone or saline soil, in such a soil the plant is prone to chlorosis (yellowing of leaves and green shoots).

Timing

For planting BlackBerry Black satin is suitable for early spring, has not yet begun to swell buds. You can plant a culture in the last two weeks of September, in this case, new settlers should be well covered for the period of winter cold.

Blackberry satin blooms in the second half of May and early June. It is better to replant the bushes before the flowering period or immediately after harvesting. During transplantation, it is necessary to remember about the deep planting of blackberry roots.

Correct fit

Blackberry seedlings must be carefully selected. Damaged shoots probably will not survive. Blackberry satin planting black satin spend so:

  • prepare the wells to a depth of half a meter, the distance between adjacent holes - from one meter to two,
  • the wells are abundantly watered
  • the seedling together with the earthy clod is gently dipped and sprinkled with earth,
  • mulch the soil near the plant,
  • branches of young shoots are cut so that on each there are no more than three buds (up to about 30-40 centimeters in height).

Important! Fertilizing during planting blackberries is not recommended. The fertilized young plant begins to grow rapidly and bear fruit, which weakens it before the first winter. In addition, organic fertilizers are excellent food for pests. Top dressing is introduced starting from the second year.

Blackberry Care Black Satin

Soon after planting shoots tie up. Some gardeners create pictorial compositions, directing pliable shoots in a certain way.

Starting from the second year after planting, the bushes are fertilized with urea, ammonium nitrate and other nitrogen fertilizers, and also they cut off the inflorescences for better rooting of the blackberry.

Once a month, the earth around the bushes is carefully loosened and weeded.

Fight against diseases and pests

The main pest that Blackberry is afraid of is Black Sateen - a blackberry tick. When overripe berries, they are prone to white bloom. For the rest of the ailments and pests BlackBerry Black Satin resistant.

To prevent diseases, the bushes are sprayed with infusion of horsetail.

Pruning bushes

Blackberry Blackberry Satin Grade Trimming Rules:

  • The shoots of the first year of life are cut in the summer, with the help of a secateur. Shoots that have reached a length of 110-160 centimeters are cut to 10 cm.
  • In the early spring of the second year of life, side branches are pruned to a length of 40 centimeters so that the berries receive enough light and air.

After harvesting, it is necessary to cut off the old shoots. Young shoots are also thinned. On thickened bushes harvest will be less. The optimal number of shoots on one bush is 5-6.

Blackberry roots Black satin tolerate winter cold well, but the tops of the shoots can freeze. It is better to cover the bushes for the winter, otherwise the crop will drop significantly or even disappear.

Blackberry reproduction Black satin

There are several options for breeding Black Slate blackberry varieties:

  • seedlings in the form of young green stalks,
  • seeds
  • layering
  • rooting of the upper non-timber parts,
  • petioles.

Root tops are most commonly used. Carry it out in late July and early August as follows:

  • choose the appropriate end of the shoot length of about 30 centimeters,
  • prepare at a suitable distance the groove depth of 20 centimeters,
  • put the end of the shoot in the hole and sprinkle it on the ground for 10 centimeters.

This way you can get up to 4 young plants.

Terms of planting blackberries in open ground

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Blackberry bushes can not withstand such strong frosts as raspberries. It is for this reason that gardeners refuse to grow blackberries. However, fears are in vain. If you follow all the rules of agricultural technology, the culture will delight you with a rich harvest of tasty and juicy berries.

Currently, in Russia, blackberries are not grown so often. In some moments of agrotechnology gardeners disagree. For example, there is a lot of debate about the timing of planting blackberry seedlings. Experienced Americans believe that blackberries can be planted in spring and autumn. More accurate dates depend on weather conditions of a particular area.

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For spring planting need to focus on climatic conditions. The air should be kept at 15–16 ° C, and the ground should be heated for about 20 centimeters. Shrubs should be planted before buds bloom.

Blackberry planting time in spring:

  • Средняя полоса – 25 апреля -5 мая,
  • Южные регионы– 5-15 апреля,
  • Сибирь и Дальний Восток – 1-10 мая.

Если высаживать культуру в такие сроки, то риск замерзания саженцев будет исключен. Bushes will take root well and will have time to take root before autumn frosts.

Planting bushes in the fall is risky. This landing is suitable for those regions in which warm weather lasts until about mid-November. The only condition for many climatic regions is that the culture should be planted about a month before the onset of cold weather. This period is enough for the shrub caught on and was able to winter. In winter, shrubs must be covered.

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Terms of planting blackberries in the fall:

  • The middle lane is mid-September.
  • For the southern regions - the beginning or middle of October,
  • For the Far East and Siberia - the first half of September.

Types of blackberry for growing on the site

In the wild, blackberry feels comfortable and does not require additional care. Grows bush in the marshy ground. The bushes are stunted, and the berries are small. After the cultivation and selection of plants, the order of blackberry varieties was derived. Most of these plants are hybrids, which were obtained in the process of crossing with raspberries.

Three main types of garden blackberry and their differences:

  • Cumanica looks like raspberries,
  • Rosanyan, shoots lianoobraznye
  • Transient, includes signs of the first and second.

Types of blackberry on the photo

There are many varieties, among them:

  • Varieties of berries without thorns,
  • Ordinary varieties
  • Remontnye varieties.

Normal variety retained all the signs that are characteristic of wild berries, namely:

  • spikes on the branches,
  • pubescence on the leaves,
  • endurance.

Bearless varieties

  • the main difference is the absence spikes on plants
  • plants are high-yielding,
  • make it easy to harvest a great harvest of berries.

The very first non-bearing variety was introduced to Russia in the 60s of the 20th century from America. This is a variety called Thornfrey, which is still very popular.

Remontny grades - were bred in the selection process

  • allow you to harvest two times per season,
  • frost resistant crops that are recommended to grow in regions with a harsh climate,
  • bear fruit 2 times a year. The first maturation of the crop coincides with the ripening of ordinary varieties. The second time the berries ripen around mid-July in the southern regions and in mid-August in the middle lane.

Recommended varieties of blackberry for different regions

Among the variety of varieties of blackberry there are those that are recommended for cultivation in different regions of Russia. Shrubs of such varieties quickly acclimatize and give a stable harvest.

For Siberia and the Far East:

For the Leningrad region:

For Uralbut:

For Moscow and Moscow region:

  • Navajo,
  • Wilson Earley,
  • Darrow
  • Apache,
  • Triple crown
  • Thornfrey,
  • Agaveam
  • Black Satin.

  • Black Prince,
  • Apache ZKS,
  • Triple crown
  • Triple Crow
  • Asterina,
  • Kiowa,
  • Boysberry Thornless,
  • German uncovered.

Watch the video! Meet new high-yielding varieties

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Blackberries are a common berry shrub whose popularity in modern gardening is indicated by the presence of more than four hundred varieties.

With good care, more than 12 kg of berries can be harvested from a single blackberry bush. The yield and good quality of the berries are distinguished by the varieties of blackberry Loch Ness, Oregon, Erie, Eldorado, Darrow, Triple Crow, Karaka Black.

  • Blackberry variety Black Satin (Black Satin)
  • Planting and care

Blackberry variety Black Satin (Black Satin)

Of course, a good choice for growing in the country will be a variety of blackberry black satin.

Like other varieties, it has many advantages, but there are also some not very pleasant properties, which are better known in advance.

Blackberry Black Satin refers to

varieties whose shoots are completely devoid of thorns. It is 5 or even 7 meters high. At first, the shoot grows vertically, but having overcome the one and a half meter mark, it begins to grow horizontally, like creeping species.

Bushes differ in strength of growth and give powerful annual growths, while not inclined to give root growth. The leaves are bright green, trifoliate. The flowers are light purple at the beginning of flowering, gradually acquiring a white color.

Black Sateen varieties are round, slightly elongated. The average weight is 4 grams, in the upper part of the stems may be larger - up to 7 grams. Berries are collected in 12 - 15 pieces in a brush. Ripe berries become black and glossy.

The taste is pleasant, sweet, with a slight sourness. With good care, timely watering - the berries are sweeter and larger. Maturation begins much earlier than

some popular varieties

such as Tornfrey, late July - early August, and may continue throughout September.

Adult blackberry bush Black Satin varieties with proper farming techniques can produce more than 20 kg of berries per season. Due to this yield, the variety can be recommended for cultivation in small farms for sale in fresh and processed form.

The disadvantages of the variety include:

  • lower winter hardiness
  • extended fruiting period
  • not full maturity before frost

It should be said that it is necessary to gather ripened berries every three to four days, not to leave them for a longer period on the shoots. Berries are more suitable for immediate consumption in fresh form and for processing into compotes, jams, preserves, juice, wine, as they are too soft when fully ripe and do not tolerate transportation and fresh storage.

It is much more convenient to keep berries frozen, if the freezing process is carried out correctly, then the fruits do not lose their qualities. In order for the blackberry variety Black Satin to fully demonstrate its positive qualities, you need to follow a few simple rules when it is grown.

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