General information

All about incubators Ideal hen


In many household plots, one can hear the discordant hubbub: a hen whimsy, a quack of ducks, a giggle of geese, and a scream of turkeys. In order not to buy young birds every spring, the owner is more profitable to take the bird in his farm. To do this, you need to purchase a device such as an incubator.

let's consider incubators "Ideal hen"which are made by Novosibirsk firm "Bagan". Let us study the advantages and disadvantages of this device, we will describe in detail how to use it.

general description

Incubator "Perfect hen" its parameters are more suitable for small poultry houses. With its help it is easy to breed chicks of such domestic birds as:

  • chickens and geese,
  • ducks and turkeys,
  • quails, ostriches, parrots and pigeons,
  • pheasants,
  • swans and guinea fowls.

The incubation device is made of dense foam, has a small size and low weight. The heating plates are fixed on the upper cover of the incubator, which allows the masonry to be heated evenly.

Did you know?Does the chicken breathe in the shell? Thick, thick shells are actually permeable to gases. Oxygen enters the embryo through the porous structure of the shell, moisture and carbon dioxide are removed. On a chicken egg you can count more than seven thousand pores, most of which are located from the blunt end.

Popular models

Novosibirsk company "Bagan" produces incubators "Ideal hen" in 3 options:

  • model IB2NB - C - is equipped with an electronic temperature controller, 35 chicken eggs can be put into it at one time, the coup is carried out manually,
  • model IB2NB -1T— besides the electronic temperature regulator there is a mechanical lever for turning over. Capacity for 63 eggs is provided. By the way, the user can increase the space for laying eggs from 63 pieces to 90 pieces. To do this, remove the turning device from the incubator and turn them manually,
  • model IB2NB -3Ts - has all the characteristics of the first two and additions in the form of a microcontroller and automatic bookmark flip (every 4 hours).

The remaining models differ from the first three only in the capacity of the device and their power consumption. The mass of the device varies in each model.


The “Ideal hen” incubation device is an inexpensive device whose technical characteristics correspond to the fact that the device will be used at home:

  1. it has protection against water and current (class II),
  2. using the temperature relay, you can adjust the temperature (+ 35-39 ° C),
  3. accuracy of maintaining the temperature in the device to 0.1 ° C,
  4. the device operates at 220 volts (mains) and 12 volts (battery),
  5. incubator parameters depend on the model: width - min 275 (max 595) mm, length - min 460 (max 795) mm and height - min 275 (max 295) mm,
  6. the weight of the device also depends on the chosen option and ranges from 1.1 kg to 2.7 kg,
  7. capacity of the device - from 35 pieces to 150 pieces (depends on the model of the incubator).

Learn more about the features of growing: ducklings, turkeys, poults, quails, chickens and goslings in the incubator.

The company gives a guarantee for the first year of operation of the device and a certificate. Provides a total operating life of up to 10 years. Included with the incubator is a user manual and additional equipment:

  • egg grid,
  • plastic grid for eggs,
  • pallet-tray (size according to the model),
  • device for turning eggs (according to the model),
  • thermometer.

Pros and cons of the "Perfect hen"

The main advantages of the domestic incubator “Ideal hen” include:

  • small weight of the device: it can be easily rearranged and transferred to one person without outside help,
  • the body is made of dense foam, has high strength and withstands mechanical pressure up to 100 kg,
  • uniform distribution of heat, which occurs due to the wide heating plates fixed on the incubator lid,
  • low power consumption
  • constant control and maintenance of the set temperature by the thermostat,
  • the ability to connect the device from the network, and from the battery (which is important when power outages),
  • the presence of an automatic coup incubation bookmarks,
  • the ability to visually inspect the bookmark without opening the incubator (through the window),
  • convenient temperature controller located on the outside of the instrument cover.

There are some disadvantages in the “Ideal hen”:

  • the black painted numbers on the electronic scoreboard are hard to see at night: you need either additional window illumination, or other coloring of the numbers (green, red),
  • the incubator should be installed in such a place that air circulation (table, chair) would pass unhindered at the bottom of the device,
  • The foam body reacts poorly to direct sunlight.

Did you know?The chicken has a much wider viewing angle than a person’s - because his eyes are located on the sides of his head! The chicken sees what is happening not only in front of him, but also behind him. But in such a special vision, there are also disadvantages: there are areas for the chicken that he cannot see. In order to see the missing part of the picture, chickens often throw their heads to the side and upwards.

How to prepare the incubator for work

Before laying a batch of eggs for incubation, you need to carry out the necessary activities:

  1. Clean the inside of the device from debris (fluff, shell) remaining from the previous incubation.
  2. Wash with warm water and laundry soap, adding disinfectants to the cleaning solution.
  3. Boiled water is poured into a clean appliance (boiling is obligatory!). For filling with water, grooves are provided on the bottom of the device. Pour no higher than the sides. If the room is very dry, then you need to pour water into all four cavities, if indoors the raw water is poured only into two (located under the heater) cavities.
  4. It is necessary to check that the probe of the thermal sensor hanging over the eggs does not touch their shell.
  5. The incubator is covered with a lid, the thermostat and the turning mechanism are turned on (if it is provided in this model) and heated to the temperature recommended by the manufacturer.

The incubator is ready to receive material for incubation.

Proper feeding: chickens, goslings, ducklings, broilers, quails and musk ducks from the first days of life - the key to successful breeding.

Preparation and laying eggs

The selection of material for incubation is a very important stage for obtaining a good result.


  1. eggs must be fresh (no older than 10 days),
  2. the temperature at which they are stored until they are placed in the incubator should not fall below +10 ° C, deviations in any direction adversely affect the viability of the fetus,
  3. have a germ (installed after checking on the ovoskop),
  4. dense, uniform (without overflows) shell structure,
  5. Before incubation, the shell should be washed in warm water with soap or in a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate.

Check on the Otoscope

All eggs before incubation should be checked for the presence of the embryo. In this poultry farmer will help such a device as an ovoskop. Ovoskop can be both factory and assembled at home. Ovoskop will show whether there is a germ in the egg, whether the shell is uniform, the size and location of the air chamber.

How to make an ovoscope at home with your own hands:

  1. Take any cardboard or plywood box of small size.
  2. An electric light bulb is installed inside the box (to do this, a hole must be drilled into the side of the box for an electric lamp cartridge).
  3. An electric cord and a plug for switching the bulb into the network are connected to the bulb holder.
  4. On the lid that covers the box, cut a hole in shape and size of the egg. Since eggs are different (goose - large, chicken - small), the hole is made on the largest egg (goose). In order for small eggs not to fall out into too large a hole, several thin wires are criss-crossed on it as a substrate.

View germs held in a dark room! Before starting work we turn on the light bulb in the network (the box is lit from the inside). An egg is laid on the hole in the lid of the box and translucent to check for suitability.

Did you know? It has been argued that the temperature at which chickens were bred affects their future sex. This is not true, because the usual ratio of hatched chickens and cockerels is 50:50.

Thermostat adjustment

The display window on the outer lid of the device indicates the temperature inside the incubator. You can set the desired temperature using two buttons (less or more) located at the display. One click of the desired button is a step of 0.1 ° C. At the beginning of work, the temperature is set for the first day of incubation, after which the device is left for half an hour to warm up and set temperature drops to constant.

Temperature range for incubating chicken eggs:

  • 37.9 ° C - from the first to the sixth day of incubation,
  • from day 6 to the fifteenth - the temperature is gradually reduced (without sudden changes) to 36.8 ° C,
  • From the 15th to the 21st day, the temperature slowly and evenly decreases daily to 36.2 ° C.

When you open the top cover of the device, you need to temporarily turn off the thermostat, since it is triggered by the flow of fresh, cool air by lowering the temperature inside the incubator. Terms of incubation of various breeds of birds:

  • chickens - 21 days,
  • geese - from 28 to 30 days,
  • ducks - from 28 to 33 days,
  • pigeons - 14 days,
  • turkeys - 28 days,
  • swans - from 30 to 37 days,
  • quail - 17 days,
  • ostriches - from 40 to 43 days.

The necessary data on the breeding of different breeds of birds can be found in the special literature.

What should be a good, suitable for incubation egg:

  • the air chamber must be exactly in the blunt part, without displacement,
  • all eggs are desirable to take medium size (this will give a one-time naklev),
  • classical form (elongated or too round are not suitable),
  • no damage to the shell, stains or nodules on it,
  • with good weight (52-65 g),
  • with a clearly visible O-shaped embryo and a dark spot inside,
  • germ size 3-4 mm in diameter.

Unsuitable for incubation:

  • eggs in which two yolks or yolks are not at all,
  • crack in yolk,
  • displacement of the air chamber or lack thereof,
  • no germ.

If the poultry farmer has paid enough attention to the selection of eggs, then a healthy young bird will hatch with a small, soft tummy and a healed navel.

Egg laying

Before laying the eggs in the incubator, they must be marked with a simple pencil with a soft rod: put the number "1" on one side, mark the second barrel with the number "2". This will help the breeder to control the simultaneous turning of the eggs. Since the incubator is preheated and the thermostat is set to the desired temperature, the poultry farmer can only bookmark. It is necessary to disconnect the thermostat from the network and open the lid of the device. The incubation material is placed on a plastic grid-substrate so that the number "1" on each egg is on top. The lid of the device is closed and the thermostat is connected to the network.

Some tips on incubation:

  1. It is necessary to lay a batch after 18:00, this will allow to push the mass up to dawn (during the day it is easier to control the hatching of chicks).
  2. Owners of models with an automatic laying of the laying need to lay eggs for incubation with a blunt tip to the top.
  3. It is possible to provide simultaneous egg laying by laying eggs into the device in turn - the largest at once, then the smaller ones and at the end the smallest ones. It is necessary to observe the four-hour interval between the tabs of lots of different-sized eggs.
  4. The temperature of the water poured into the pan should be + 40 ... + 42 ° С.

Important!The incubator should turn over several times during the day, with an interval of at least 4 hours and no more than 8 hours between treatments.

Rules and process of incubation

During the entire incubation process, the poultry farmer needs to observe the device. Performing any actions inside the incubator, you need to disconnect from the mains plug electrical power and temperature controller.

What activities may have to hold:

  • Add warm water to the depressions specially provided for it as necessary (pour water into the incubator, without taking out the eggs laid in it, through the cage pan),
  • change the temperature in accordance with the temperature schedule of incubation,
  • if the device does not provide an automatic coup function, then the poultry farmer does it manually or using a mechanical device.

Manual coup

In order for eggs not to be damaged in the process of turning, they are recommended to be rotated by a shift method - palms are laid on a row of eggs and a shift is made in one sliding movement, as a result of which, instead of the number “1”, the number “2” becomes visible.

Mechanical coup

In models with a mechanical flip - the eggs fit into the cells of the metal grid. In order to turn them over, the grid is shifted a few centimeters until the eggs complete a full turn and the number “1” is replaced by the number “2”.

Automatic coup

In models with automatic flip tab is turned over without human intervention. The device performs such an action six times a day. The intervals between coups are 4 hours. It is recommended that you manually take the eggs from the central rows once a day and swap them with those located in the outermost rows. Supercooling of the laid eggs is strictly not allowed. When the manual overturn procedure is completed, the device is covered with a lid and plugged into the network. After 10-15 minutes, the temperature is restored to the set point on the display.

Important!At the end of the 15th day of incubation, the eggs do not turn over! In the morning of the 16th day, you must turn off the PTZ device in those devices where it is provided for automatically.

The development of embryos is checked on the ovoscope twice during the incubation:

  1. After a week of incubation, the material appears through the ovoscope, at this time the dark area in the yolk should be clearly visible - this is a developing embryo.
  2. The second procedure is carried out in 12-13 days from the beginning of the laying, the ovoscope should show a complete darkening within the shell - this means that the chick is developing normally.
  3. Eggs, in the development of which something went wrong - will remain bright when they are scanned on an ovoscope, they are called “talkers”. The chick does not hatch out of them, they are removed from the incubator.
  4. The destruction of the shell of chicks occurs in a thicker (blunt) part of the egg - where the air chamber begins.
  5. If, violating the time of incubation, the chicks hatched one day earlier than expected, then the owner of this device should set the incubation temperature lower by 0.5 ° C for the next batch of incubation. If the chicks hatched a day later, the temperature should be increased by 0.5 ° C.

Why sick chickens hatched:

  • the reason for the removal of non-viable, weak chickens are poor-quality eggs,
  • if the incubation temperature was not observed, the hatched chickens will be “dirty”; at a temperature lower than that relied on, the internal organs and navel of the birds will be green.
  • if from 10 to 21 days the humidity inside the device was high, the chickens start to hatch in the middle of the shell.

Important!For duck and goose eggs (due to coarse and hard shells), twice daily spraying with water is required.

In the absence of electricity:

  • devices, where a 12V thermostat is provided, are connected to the battery,
  • incubators without connection to the battery need to be wrapped up in several warm blankets and set in a warm room.

The temperature in the room where the device is located should not fall below +15 ° C. If this happens, you need to close the ventilation hole in the incubator.

Security measures

Starting the operation of the “Ideal hen”, you need to carefully familiarize yourself with how to use the incubator at home:

  • do not use a device in which the power cord, plug or case is faulty,
  • it is not allowed to open the device connected to the network,
  • do not install near an open flame,
  • do not sit on the device and do not put anything on the top cover,
  • repair the thermostat or circuit elements without a specialist.

We advise you to learn how to do it yourself: a house, a chicken coop, and an incubator from an old refrigerator.

Storage device after hatching

At the end of the incubation, you need to wash the instrument case (inside and outside), egg trays, grids, thermometer and other separate and attached parts of the incubator with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Dry all components of the device, put them in a box and store them until the next season in a room with a positive temperature (in the house, in the pantry).

Comparing the prices of chickens and incubation material, having penetrated into all the benefits and amenities that the device guarantees - very often poultry farmers come to the decision to purchase an incubator “The ideal hen”. After the instructions for use have been studied, the process of incubation has been started and properly carried out - on the 21st day the poultry farmer will receive a young replenishment of his poultry house. Healthy you young!


На данный момент в ассортименте имеются 15 вариантов от трёх моделей бытового инкубатора «Идеальная наседка», которые предназначены для вывода цыплят, утят, гусят, перепелов, индюшат, фазанов, голубей, попугаев, лебедей и других птиц.

All devices have walls made of lightweight foam, and in the lid itself are mounted heaters of a distributed type REN, which ensures uniform and good heating inside the structure. The lid also has a convenient viewing window. Accuracy of temperature maintenance is up to ± 0.1 ° C. To maintain humidity at the bottom there are special grooves for water filling.

The mechanical twist is that in one motion a person moves the grid and all the eggs roll to the other side. It is still better than turning each egg separately. The mode with an automatic coup - it occurs every 4 hours, the participation of a person is not necessary in it. Another advantage of this series is low power consumption.

The first model IB1NB "Ideal hen" - is the smallest, simplest and cheapest incubator of the entire series. He has a small internal volume, respectively, the maximum capacity is 35 chicken eggs. The weight is about 1 kg, and it has a compact size of 45x28x30 cm.

There are no mechanisms for turning the eggs, it will have to be done manually. He has an analog thermostat. There is also no battery backup system.

The second modification is IB1NB No. 2, which has the same capacity in the amount of 35 eggs and other parameters, but its only difference is the presence of a digital thermostat that allows you to more accurately set the temperature and maintain the mode, as shown in the video.


The best choice for a small farm or household will be the “Perfect hen”. Incubators are manufactured by Bagan, which became the first developer of such devices in Russia. “Bagan” produces household incubators and heaters.

Over 25 years of the company's existence, half a million quality incubators have been produced. They are suitable for breeding many species of birds: pigeons, parrots, swans, ostriches, turkeys, pheasants, ducks, geese and, of course, chickens. Much of the devices exported. There are several modifications of incubators of different configurations.

One of the main products of Bagan since 1992 has been the “Ideal hen”. Incubators have a simple structure and foam housing. In the late 90s, the delivery of devices to remote areas by mail was arranged. The company switched from simple analog thermostats to digital, and later to computerized ones. To date, there are several modifications of incubators. In total, there are 3 lines, which include 13 models.

The easiest and cheapest incubator - “Perfect hen” for 35 eggs - suitable for small farms. It is equipped with an electronic thermostat. Eggs are rotated by hand.

Incubator "Perfect hen 63 eggs" is the most popular model. There are 6 modifications of these devices, which allows you to optimally combine the necessary functions. You can select manual, mechanical or automatic egg rotation. In some models, not equipped with a lattice, you can place 90-100 eggs. It is possible to additionally purchase a grid for goose or quail eggs.

Incubator "Ideal hen" (63 eggs, 220-12V) will allow to keep laying even in case of a long power outage. This model has the ability to further connect to the battery 12 volts.

Incubators for 104 eggs are produced for large farms. Up to 150 eggs can be placed in a model without a lattice. You can select manual rotation, mechanical or automatic. In this line there are models with the ability to connect the battery.

Device description

The classic option for domestic farmers is an incubator for 63 eggs, so consider the line on the example of this device. Incubator household "Ideal hen" has a compact size. The device can be placed even in a small room, and it will not interfere. Heating elements are completely safe.

The incubator is lightweight. The simplest model weighs only 1.5 kg, the device for 63 eggs is 3 kg, for 104 eggs it is 4 kg. The package includes a special sensor that allows you to automatically adjust the temperature. Innovative heater type REN, placed on the lid, evenly heats the eggs. Through a special window you can watch what is happening in the incubator.

The manufacturer guarantees that the error in terms of temperature will not be more than 0.1 degrees. To maintain humidity at an optimal level, there are special cavities in the incubator that need to be filled with water. This creates a microclimate optimally suited for the development of healthy chicks. The device consumes a minimum of electricity.

User's manual

Before you start using the device, you need to familiarize yourself with the operating instructions. What conditions are needed to use the “Ideal hen”? Incubators can be placed on the table or cabinet, or on the floor. Ensure normal air access to the device.

For normal operation of the incubator, it is necessary to provide a temperature of 20-25 degrees in the room. In no case should it fall below 15 degrees or rise above 35. The device should not be placed under direct sunlight or close to heat sources.

Before use, you can wipe the incubator with a mild disinfectant and wipe thoroughly. Before inserting the eggs, the walls and lid of the device must be wiped with warm clean water. Be sure to test the device before use. Turn it on and warm up to operating temperature.

During incubation, you can control the process with a thermometer and adjust it with a thermostat. Embryo development in eggs can be observed and monitored at all stages using an ovoscope. It will be visible to the lumen if the egg is unfertilized or the embryo stands still in development.

If there is a short-term, for 15-20 minutes, power failure, then the embryos are not threatened by hypothermia. If there is no current for several hours, then you need to connect the incubator to the battery or close it with a blanket.

After use, the device should be gently washed with sparing means without abrasive. Store the incubator in a clean, dry room. With proper care, the incubator will last more than 10 years.

Precautionary measures

For safety reasons, it is forbidden to open the lid of the appliance that is connected to the electrical network. Do not use a broken incubator and a device that has a damaged power cord or thermostat. Do not place it near sources of open flame.

Description and types of devices

Incubator "Ideal hen" is a device that is designed to hatch the chicks of the following types of birds:

  • chickens of all directions
  • ducks
  • geese
  • turkeys,
  • guinea fowl,
  • quail,
  • pheasants,
  • partridges,
  • swans
  • indouin
  • pigeons
  • the parrots.

Depending on the model, the incubator can replace up to 8 large hens, under each of which it is possible to put a maximum of 13-15 eggs.

The incubator housing is made of high-strength polystyrene foam, which makes the device lightweight. Even the largest models weigh no more than 4.5 kg. Also, this material allows you to easily maintain in the incubator the optimum temperature necessary for the full development of chicks. In the bottom there are special recesses for water with a volume that is usually sufficient for the entire period of incubation. Above the water, a special plastic mesh mat-substrate is installed, on which the incubation material will lie. For ventilation in the bottom and the lid has a few holes.

In models that are equipped with an automatic turn, also included, in addition to the device for a coup, are special grids that are mounted on the backing pad. They allow the eggs to move, so that the embryo does not stick to the wall. If this happens, the embryo will die.

The device is of two types - economy version and standard. In the first case, the package does not include grilles and a turning device. If desired, in the future they can be bought separately. As standard, such equipment is provided.

Do not save and choose a device in which there is no automatic coup. Without it, you will have to be constantly tied to the unit and spend a lot of time on the procedure, which must be repeated every 3-4 hours.

Incubators are also divided by species. A total of 4 designs are available.

  1. IB2NB. This unit is designed for 63 chicken eggs and weighs 4 kg. It is compact and does not take up much space. During his work, there is no unpleasant smell or noise, which makes it possible to install an incubator even in the bedroom, and not only in non-residential rooms. The infrared heater provides soft and uniform warming up, which is important for the proper development of the chicks. Eggs turn automatically. The size of the device 58Х54Х30. Suitable for incubating any eggs. If necessary, you can switch the incubator from the network to battery power.
  2. IB1NB. The device holds 35 chicken eggs, and is versatile, designed to hatch any poultry. With proper egg quality, 100% hatchability. Overturn them automatically.
  3. IB1NB№2. Also holds 35 chicken eggs. Weight device 1 kg. The overturn is done manually.
  4. IB3NB-3Ts. The capacity of the incubator is 104 eggs. Temperature control inside the device is carried out using a thermometer. Hand turning eggs with the included egg grid, which is shifted. If necessary, a device can be purchased separately for automatic egg turning. There is an opportunity, when needed, to switch the model to battery power, and not from the network.

Scheme and specifications

The device is the most convenient option for home use. For the operation of the device is not required to create special modes. Technical characteristics of all models of the “Ideal hen” incubators are given below.

  1. The optimum temperature in the room where the device will work is from +20 o C to +25 o C. The minimum allowable temperature is +15 o C. The maximum is +35 o C. If the temperature in the room where the included incubator is located does not match, the manufacturer is not responsible for the result.
  2. All incubators operate on 220V mains. Some models additionally have a connection that allows you to connect them to the battery in the absence of electricity in the network. The device for turning the eggs is connected to the mains separately. It is also possible the presence in the incubator of a 12 V battery, from which the rotator operates.
  3. The temperature mode that can be set for the device ranges from +35 o C to +39 o C. The manufacturer indicates in the instruction that the heat sensor inside the device gives a temperature error of less than 0.5 o C. In fact, in most cases its error can be serious, which makes it necessary to constantly monitor the temperature on the eggs with the help of a normal mercury thermometer that is sold in a pharmacy to measure the temperature.
  4. Humidity in the device is regulated (usually increased) by changing the area of ​​water surfaces. It can be poured not only in the recesses specially allocated in the bottom, but also by putting in addition jars with water.

The technical characteristics of the device are such that it can be safely used at home without the fear that the process of incubating eggs will be disrupted. All models are easy to use and can work without interruptions between the tabs, without compromising the quality of egg incubation.

It is not allowed to lay eggs of different bird species in the incubator at the same time, since it is impossible to create the conditions necessary for all at the same time. If necessary, incubate chicks of different species make several bookmarks or put several incubators at the same time.

What you need to know during operation

Humidity in the process of incubation must be maintained optimal for a particular species of bird. For the chickens, there is enough of the one provided by the trays that are included with the device. If ducks or geese are incubated, they will need to be additionally sprayed with water at room temperature on the shell.

Turn the eggs up to 16 days of incubation. Starting from the 16th day, they are left alone, so as not to interfere with the chicks to adopt the correct position for the curse. If a power outage has occurred, and there is no possibility to connect the battery, the incubator is wrapped with a blanket. Additionally, you can put in it bottles with warm water, then so that they do not overheat the eggs next to them are above the norm.

From the 7th day of incubation, the temperature on the eggs should be lowered to 37.9 o. From 10 to 18 days, the temperature is gradually lowered to 37.5 o C on eggs. From the 18th day it is increased by 3 tenths of a degree and so is left until the chicks hatch.

There are several incubation schemes, and all breeders choose the best for themselves.