The Europeans first discovered pineapples in the Caribbean islands in the 1490s. Columbus and his followers brought the sweet fruit to Europe, but it turned out that in temperate climates pineapple is not growing.
For a long time, perishable fruit was considered a "prestigious" ornament. He did not even eat, and put it on the table so that the guests would appreciate the wealth of the hosts, who could afford it.
Now pineapples are grown in almost all tropical regions of our planet - including in Asia and Africa.
What are the health benefits?
100 g of fresh pineapple almost 80 percent of the daily intake of vitamin C for an adult - about 50 mg. In addition, the fruit contains vitamins B1 and B6, ensuring the functioning of the nervous and immune systems, and folic acid, which improves reproductive function.
The composition of the pineapple includes such minerals as calcium, potassium, copper, iron, magnesium, phosphorus and manganese. The last 100 grams of pineapple pulp is at least 40 percent of the daily intake.
Pineapple is sweet but enough low-calorie fruit. 100 grams contains about 50 kcal. There is no fat in it, but there is a large amount of fiber, which improves digestion and provides a feeling of satiety.
All this does not apply to pineapples in syrup or candied fruits from these fruits. 100 g of dried pineapples - more than 250 kcal.
The Bromelain Myth
Pineapples have received wide popularity at all because of the dietary qualities. For a long time, one of the substances contained in pineapples was mistakenly attributed to unique fat burning properties.
The pineapple really contains a plant digestive enzyme from the protease group - bromelin. In the human body, it performs an important function - contributes to the digestion of meat food, splitting proteins.
Due to this property, bromelain isolated from pineapple is often used in the food industry to soften hard meat. Sometimes it is even added to ready-made marinades. On the packaging of such products, there is a warning that too long marinating will change the texture of the meat and make it tasteless.
However, in terms of chemistry, bromelain is absolutely powerless against fats - especially those that have gathered at the waist and hips. All that this substance can do to help the body is to digest proteins from the meat dish and eliminate the feeling of overeating and nausea.
Bromelin-based supplements will not help.. Do not believe advertising: they do not dull the feeling of hunger and do not help losing weight.
Scientists have found other useful properties of bromelin. This substance reduces blood clotting and has anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer effects. However, this task is not worse than it handle antioxidants, which are contained, for example, in leafy vegetables and berries.
Important: due to the effect that bromelin has on the blood, pineapples are not recommended for pregnant women avoid uterine bleeding!
How to choose the right pineapple
- Search heavy fetus. The harder it is for its size - the more ripe.
- There is no significant difference between large and small varieties of pineapple. The proportion of edible pulp in them is about the same.
- Choose a pineapple with a soft fruity smell. Refuse to buy fruit with soft areas, dark "eyes", sour or alcoholic smell.
How to cook fresh pineapple
The easiest way is to peel a pineapple like a potato, remove “eyes” with the tip of a knife, and then cut it into quarters. Separate the hard core and just eat it.
- Cut pineapple pulp into cubes, mix with peeled shrimps and a small amount of olive oil. Eat with any leaf salad.
- Finely chopped pineapple and chili pepper - a great thick sauce for fish or poultry dishes.
- Fry the pineapple on a grill or dry pan until golden brown. Eat with natural yogurt.
Pineapple fat burner bromelain - myth or reality?
I remember that in the early 90s there were reports of the "great discovery" of scientists, which will help dietitians. In the pineapple was found fat burner bromelain (an enzyme that supposedly breaks down fats). According to media reports, 1 g of this enzyme can burn up to 900 g of weight.
Nutritionists viedly began to recommend all sorts of pineapple diets. And a wave of so-called “pineapple fever” swept across the country. Millions of women rushed to the stores for overseas fruit and in pharmacies for miraculous drugs, believing nutritionists.
Pharmacies have a lot of different "pineapple" tablets, tinctures, medicines. But, alas, the promised effect was not received. Deceived gullible fans of "pineapple diets" and pills, if they lost weight, it is far from being so "large-scale" as promised.
Fat women did not become slim in an instant. In 90% of those who were carried away by pineapples and bromelain, their weight practically did not decrease, and if it did, it was very small. This was not what disappointed fans of slimness and people who wanted to lose weight expected.
And no wonder, because so widely advertised bromelain has little effect on fats. He breaks down proteins and only. The enzyme bromelain has a very remote relationship to the fat metabolism.
However, it should be noted that bromelain has a long-lasting effect of action, and also helps the intestine to do its job well enough.
Eaten at the end of a hearty lunch a slice of pineapple or a drunk glass of pineapple juice will be very useful. Especially if you use pineapple after fish, meat or legumes, in the stomach there will be a feeling of heaviness.
In addition, pineapple contains a lot of fiber, which is why this fruit has the ability to suppress hunger. Due to this property of pineapple, lovers of this fruit have a moderate appetite, and low calorie content of pineapple (46 - 48 kcal per 100 g of product) gives weight reduction.
Use pineapple preferably in small cubes. Store unused fruit in the refrigerator. And it should be remembered that within 48 hours pineapple loses its properties, it becomes useless. Canned pineapple does not have those valuable properties that are characteristic of fresh fruit. He can only decorate the festive table.
Just do not forget that this fruit contains a lot of acids, because pineapples are unacceptable with peptic ulcer and with increased acidity of the stomach, and can also cause an allergic reaction. In this case, the "pineapple diet" can cause irreparable harm. And one more minus of pineapple: the acids it contains can damage tooth enamel. It is not for nothing that doctors advise you to rinse your mouth with water after pineapple or its juice.
It should also be noted that during the heat treatment, bromelain will be destroyed in the pineapple, like vitamins and fiber, and the product will become useless. In addition, the longer the fruit lies, the less it is vitamins. Pineapple lovers should also remember that the core, which is usually all thrown away, contains just the most bromelain.
You can also try the protein-pineapple diet, which usually gives the result in about two weeks. What is such a diet?
With a protein and pineapple diet, it is permissible to eat about 500 to 700 grams of pineapple (or drink as much juice), 200 grams of lean meat, eggs, mushrooms, vegetables, and savory fruits.
Nutritionists advise to marinate meat in pineapple juice before cooking. Then it will become gentle and soft, easier to digest by the body. All dishes must be cooked without oil, steamed or boiled. A week of such a diet can reduce weight by 2 - 3 kg.
First breakfast: chop (it is possible in a blender) 100 g of fresh pineapple pulp, add natural yogurt without additives (approximately 100 g) low-fat and oatmeal (2 tablespoons).
Second breakfast: boiled egg, a slice of rye bread with a piece of salmon and a glass of pineapple juice.
Lunch: pork or turkey lean meat with diced pineapple. You can also cut the meat into small cubes and add the mushrooms. Olive oil is desirable to use a little.
Dinner: a salad of pineapple cut into small cubes, boiled shrimps, cucumber, celery sprigs, dill, a little salt and pepper, a tablespoon of non-fat mayonnaise homemade unsweetened yogurt.
You can try these dishes:
1. Cut boiled chicken breast into small pieces, add pineapples sliced in the same pieces, pickled champignons,
lemon juice and some pineapple. Salad can be a little pepper.
Pineapple can be used canned, but for a diet in this case, the fruit will not be particularly important.
2. Boil or bake two potatoes in the oven, and then chop them into small cubes, add 50 gr. low-fat cottage cheese. Cut into rings about 150 grams. fruits of peeled pineapple and add to the dish. Get a pretty tasty salad.
That's about how you can try to reduce your weight with pineapples.
It should only be remembered that no diet will not just lose weight. To really lose weight, you need to approach this issue comprehensively.
How to reduce the risk of cancer
Upper pressure is high, lower pressure is low
How to plant pineapple at home
First, the jar is put on matches, two days later - on pencils, another couple of days - on stands, raising it by 4 centimeters, etc. When the bank is raised to half its height, you can remove it altogether.
Pineapple is a very light-loving and drought-resistant plant. For the speedy flowering, it is better to keep it outside, on a balcony or an open south window. Watering needs rare, but plentiful, leaving water in the axils of the lower leaves. Top dressing - once a month infusion of mullein. You can add superphosphate in half the dose intended for other plants. In no case should the temperature drop below +10 ° C be allowed. Watering and spraying bromeliad plants must be warm water.
With good care pineapple bloom comes in 3 years. During the ripening of the fetus, the plant requires enhanced feeding. After fructification, the plant slowly dies, leaving behind itself several young processes, with which it multiplies. Scions should be seated separately. The plants grown from them turn out to be stronger and often bloom earlier.
Many lovers of the fragrant taste of an exotic fruit are wondering how to plant pineapple at home to grow it on their own. After analyzing the algorithm of planting one of its parts, namely the tops, you no longer want to throw it out when you manage to buy juicy ripe pineapple again.
In the natural range, which is the territory of Latin America, the Philippines, USA, Thailand, pineapple (Latin name - Anánas) grows like a grassy plant. This is a representative of the Bromeliad family - Bromeliaceae. Known for its unique taste, the fruit matures from an inflorescence growing in the center of a sheet fleshy rosette.
Pineapple is fully adapted to dry conditions. In the central funnel formed by the leaves, morning dew rolls, serving as moisture to nourish the plant.
Cultivation of heat-loving pineapple in other countries is practiced in winter gardens, greenhouses, greenhouses. Adventurous people with creative thinking have even developed an action algorithm to grow pineapple at home using its top.
Selection of planting material
In order to grow a pineapple from the top in the home flower garden, it is necessary to pick a suitable ripe fruit specially in the store. There are several criteria to prevent mistakes.
- The upper crown should consist of elastic green fleshy leaves without gray rot and signs of mold. It is on the top that attention is paid first of all, since it will serve in the future as planting material. Even in the store, the leaves must be pressed between the fingers to make sure that they are not softened, and the decomposition process has not begun under the peel. Elasticity can also be checked by pulling one sheet to one side and releasing it. If it immediately returns to its previous position, then the fruit is quite fresh and has not been frozen.
- The peel is carefully checked for damage and deformation.
In a properly picked ripe fruit, the top can be separated from the pulp with a slight twisting motion. In order not to hurt the leaves, they are all in the process of this operation should be grabbed by the palm. As a result, in the hand remains the crest with a small stem.
It is even easier to cut off the top with a knife, capturing a part of the pulp located below (about 3 cm), which must be carefully removed to free the base of the crown. To ensure more effective further germination, it is advisable to remove several lower leaves. The prepared part can be hung in the room or put the loose stem up on the plate to allow the slices to stretch a bit. This will avoid the appearance of rot. An additional measure is to immerse the cutting for a few minutes in a weakly concentrated solution of potassium permanganate. Helps protect its processing with powdered activated carbon or ash.
After a few days, the dried tuft goes down with the peeled stem into the water, making sure that the leaves do not sink into the liquid. To do this, you can cut out a cardboard circle with a hole in the center that coincides in diameter with the submerged part, and put it on top of the vessel. Place the germinated tip should be in a lighted place, for example, on a window sill. You need to constantly monitor the level of water, adding it. About once every four days, all the water is poured out and a fresh portion is poured.
Pineapple roots appear after three weeks. By landing, they will be ready when they reach the length of two centimeters. By this time, it is necessary to prepare a soil substrate and a suitable container.
You can go to a specialty store and purchase ready-made primer oriented for growing members of the Bromeliyev family. If the decision is made to independently prepare the soil, then loose soil will be required, in which sifted river sand and peat are added in equal volume fractions.
The rooted top should be planted in a small pot, focusing on the diameter, slightly greater than the diameter of the crest. At the bottom is a drainage cushion made of any available materials - small stones, fragments of bricks, plastic small bottles. This technique will avoid excessive stagnation of moisture, detrimental to delicate roots. From above the soil mix is filled up.
Before planting pineapples, a hole is made in the soil into which the powder of two to three crushed tablets of activated carbon is poured. The soil is moistened from the spray gun and the spine is placed in the recess, preventing excessive burial. After the top roots are covered with a layer of soil, which is gently pressed around the trunk, only the lower leaf layer should be submerged, and the whole crest remains free above the surface.
In order for the seedlings to remain vertical at the beginning of the adaptation period, it is necessary to insert several wooden sticks along the edges of the pot, tilting them on all sides to the planted top, fixing it.
A plastic bag is put on top, allowing you to create a greenhouse effect for an exotic seedling, and the pot is protected from drafts. To moisten the soil package is removed, and then returns to its place.
Planted pineapple takes root long enough. Sometimes this stage takes two months. The dominant indicator that the plant is viable is the growth of fresh leaves. Just making sure that the cutting began its development, the package is removed. If by this time there are no visual signs of the beginning of the growth of pineapple, then this indicates that it makes sense to try to start the experience again. In order not to be disappointed, it is advisable at the very beginning to plant not one but two or three tops.
For the pineapple that has taken root, you need light-duty but constant care. When fresh greens begin to germinate, it is necessary to cut off the dead old leafy plates in time to prevent their rotting. Water the plant about once a week. The temperature they need is not lower than 22 ° C. Therefore, in winter time, it may be necessary to turn on the heaters.
A year later, a new pot is prepared, having a volume of more than the previous one by three to four liters. Drainage also fits into it, and the soil mix suitable for its structure and composition is poured into one third. A pre-watered plant is carefully removed from an old pot with a clod of earth and transferred to a new container. Top is added on top and gently pressed around the stem. Such an operation should be carried out annually, until the spike appears.
Pineapple feels good in the process of growth, if the pot is placed in a well-lit place in the apartment. It is important that the burning rays of the midday sun do not fall on the plant. Watering the plant remains one of the important events. In the winter season, all growth processes slow down, so moisture is needed a little - just to completely not overdry the earth bed.
Since the pineapple transplant is carried out every year, it requires almost no additional feeding. Но если листья начинают светлеть и рост значительно замедляется можно полить растение минеральным комплексным составом без щелочных элементов.
После того как ананас отцветет и созреет ароматный плод, больше он плодоносить не будет. Although it is possible to separate the root buds, using them as planting material, from which a new plant will develop faster than from the top.
Pay attention to the leaves - they should be firm and rich green in color, without gray spots. The peel should cast a golden yellow shade. It is better to choose 2 fruits at once.
On our site you will learn about the intricacies of caring for the South American flora, and also see how the pineapple grows in pictures.
How to grow pineapple at home?
Turn it hard, and you will see how it separated from the fetus along with a small stem.
- Growing pineapple from the top at the initial stage is very simple. You must put a few centimeters of bush in the water. Put the glass away from drafts and heaters. It is recommended to maintain a constant temperature in the room.
- Water change every 2-3 days.
- When growing pineapple at home, watch for roots to appear. Now it is time to plant the shoot in the rapidly draining soil. Make sure that the diameter of the pot is equal to the diameter of the crown of the top. In the container must make a hole.
- Put 2-3 cm of drainage on the bottom of the dish and pour the soil mixture.
With the right care, after a few years, delicious fruits will appear on your windowsill.
Councils of amateur gardeners
We bring to your attention a photo where it is shown how pineapples grow at home.
- Water for irrigation is better to use separated. You can add a few drops of lemon juice. It is recommended to warm it up to 30 degrees every time.
- Replace the pet should be annually, slightly increasing the volume of the pot. It is better to do this by way of transshipment, so as not to damage the delicate roots.
We hope that our advice will help you to grow pineapple as well as introduce children to an exciting lesson - caring for plants.
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How to plant a pineapple from the top
Pineapple is a plant of the bromeliad family, its tropical countries are considered to be its homeland: South America, Paraguay, Brazil. Dutch scientists have figured out how to grow pineapple in a greenhouse, and gardeners have developed a way - at home. This method of growing pineapple is quite simple and does not require large financial costs. For this you need high-quality pineapple fruit.
Recommendations for choosing a pineapple for planting in a pot:
- leaves are solid and green in color,
- the peel of a golden color,
- it is better to buy the fruit at the beginning of autumn - this is the time of their ripening.
Which pineapple is not worth buying:
- with dried leaves and the presence of gray spots,
- with dark brown skin,
The main requirements for growing pineapple:
- air temperature in the room - 25 degrees,
- good indoor lighting,
- capacity for landing on 0,5 liters,
- special soil mix.
Instructions for planting pineapple from its top
The first step is to carefully remove the tuft from the fruit. To do this, turn its leaves or cut the top of the pineapple, but before planting, get rid of the pulp, because it will cause the death of the plant. Clean the pineapple flesh gently so as not to harm the root buds.
The second step begins with stripping the topknot. It is necessary to remove the leaves from the bottom of the tuft of 2 - 3 centimeters. This is necessary so that the crest has sprung roots. After completing these steps, dry the pineapple crown for two days. This will allow the tuft to dry damaged roots and prevent them from rotting after planting. To tuft sprung roots, put it in a container with water and lower it by 3-4 centimeters.
Homemade pineapple - growing, care, photo
The water in the vessel should be changed every 2-3 days. It is important that the seedlings are in a place where there are no drafts and air temperature drops.
The third step is the planting of a tuft that has taken root. Before planting, dip the roots in a solution of potassium permanganate and dry for 15 days, and then plant it in the pot.
For this you need:
- a pot with a diameter appropriate for a crown,
- drainage, which is poured on the bottom of the pot,
- soil mixture covering the drainage layer,
- drainage hole in the tank for planting,
- the depth of the hole for seedlings is 3-4 centimeters,
- the soil is always wet, but not wet,
- two sticks at the edges to support the tuft,
- film for greenhouses.
When the pineapple tuft is planted in a pot, cover it with a wrap. It will serve as a greenhouse for the plant for 2 months. In winter, put a pot of pineapple on the battery, but be sure to substitute the plate. Pour the pineapple with distilled water and add citric acid to it, and its temperature should be 30 degrees. Pineapple is transplanted once a year, and after 3 years it will bear fruit.
09.16.2018 admin Comments No Comments
Now there is no way - after all, after fruiting, the mother bush dies off at bromeliads.
Lateral processes from it should be planted separately, wait a couple of years to achieve leaf length of about 50 cm, and then stimulate with an aqueous solution of acetylene (poured into the center of the outlet).
However, you already know how to stimulate the flowering of pineapple - after all, it is already from you.
Vlad has already told you the most important thing. And for the future, add:
To bloom pineapple, it is necessary to fertilize the plant regularly and stimulate it to fruiting. First, from spring to autumn, pineapple is fed twice a month with a mullein extract. Secondly, at home, pineapple needs stimulation of flowering with an acetylene solution, which is poured into the outlet for several days in a row. The solution can be prepared at home by simply adding 10 to 15 g of carbide in 1 liter of water. Along with this method, the other is also used when a pineapple is placed in a greenhouse for several days, a jar of water is placed in it, and a piece of carbide weighing about 5 g is put into it every day. The gas released during this stimulates the plant to flowering. It is advisable to do this in the spring, so that the ripening of the pineapple takes place in a warm and sunny period, then the fruit will be most tasty.
if this bush is old then it should be replaced or follow the instructions above!
How to plant and grow pineapple on the windowsill. Rooting, care, flowering. How to root, care, make a pineapple plant blossom
How to plant and grow pineapple on the windowsill. Rooting, care, flowering. How to root, care, make a pineapple plant blossom (10+)
Pineapple on the windowsill - Rooting, care, flowering
Caring for pineapple will not cause problems.
Pineapple flowering makes sense to artificially stimulate.
We put the pot with the handle in a well-lit place in the apartment, but not under direct sunlight. Pineapple is a heat-loving plant, so the temperature inside the room should be at least 26 ° C. The plant is watered regularly.
Pineapple Rooting and Growth
It will take at least a month and a half, and the seedling will begin to develop its root system. After it takes root, you will notice the growth of new leaves, then polyethylene can be removed. This will happen no earlier than two months. Observing all these rules, in 2 - 3 years a thick beautiful bush will grow from a small cutting on your window, and in a few more years you will be able to watch the flowering of the pineapple. The flowering of this exotic fruit will continue for about two weeks, and in about six months the long-awaited harvest will ripen.
Pineapple at home: myth or reality?
The plant is almost not sick, and is not affected by pests, it easily adapts to irregular watering. In the tropics, in their homeland, pineapple, has been developing for a long time and living in the midst of drought, and only during endless tropical storms does the plant accumulate water. Therefore, water the plant when the ground in the pot will be dry. Water procedures should be plentiful and be carried out only by settled, warm water. Moreover, we moisten not only pineapple roots, but also leaves. Water feeds the developing roots and leaves of the plant, so they also need water.
In the winter at pineapple - time of lull in growth. During this period, the plant requires almost no watering, and the temperature in the room should not be below 15 ° C. However, at this time you should take care and provide 12 hour lighting in the room. Highlight the growing pineapple, you can fluorescent lamp. In the spring they increase the irrigation regime and the mode of fertilizing, increase the ambient temperature. Feed every two weeks with mineral fertilizers, for example, mullein. You can apply complex fertilizers for flowers, but not lime and wood ash - your pineapple is not good for it.
As you grow, the original pot will be small for the plant. Replant the pineapple once a year, constantly increasing the size of the pot. With each transplant, deepen a centimeter plant trunk into the ground. Perform all transplant work carefully and carefully, without destroying the clod of earth. For an adult four-year plant, you will need a 4-liter pot.
How to make pineapple blossom
To make the pineapple blossom, and this is not possible earlier than in 2-3 years, constantly apply fertilizer and stimulate it to fruiting. Already with the arrival of spring and until late autumn the plant must be fed. But, as a rule, pineapple does not want to throw flowers on their own in such conditions. Then to stimulate flowering, prepare a solution that pour inside the socket for several days. In 1 liter of water is dissolved 10 - 15 g of calcium carbide. After the gas bubbles stop, the solution is filtered and poured into the core of the outlet. Leave the remaining liquid tightly and store in a cool place. The stimulation process is carried out three times with an interval of 3-4 days. Also in the spring you can do the following: they make a greenhouse for pineapple and place a plant and a jar of water for several days. Three times a week, a piece of carbide of 5 g is put into the water. This produces smoke, which will stimulate the plant to the appearance of flowers. Alternate the procedure with a break of a week. At this time, the plant is released from polyethylene. Two or three months are enough and an inflorescence will appear on your plant.
Pineapple inflorescence is more than 100 strongly fused flowers, which at the end of flowering are tightly pressed to each other and form a stem. Pineapple flower change color depending on the amount of light produced: from pale blue to dark crimson. The pineapple flower within 10-15 days thinner delicate, unsharp, pineapple aroma.
At this time, mineral fertilizers can also be applied to the soil. In about four months, a fruit will develop on the site of a beautiful inflorescence. The time of ripening of the fruit is the right time to apply organic plant food.
Observing the whole procedure of planting and caring for pineapple, you will definitely rejoice at the long-awaited, unusually beautiful inflorescences, and the juicy and weighty fruit is a worthy reward for patience and work.
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In the second year, the pineapple is rolled into a pot with a diameter of 12 cm, in the spring of the third year - into a pot with a diameter of 18 cm.
How to make pineapple bear fruit
The pot should be of sufficient size to form daughter outlets, since after flowering and fruiting the mother socket completely dies. The plant bears fruit in the summer of the third year of life.
How to make bloom
In order to make the pineapple blossom, it is necessary to stimulate with acetylene. For this, in spring, when the air temperature of the room where the pineapple is located will be + 26-28 * pour acetylene solution into the pineapple outlet. Repeat the procedure 2-3 times. The inflorescence consists of many small flowers, which after flowering turn into one large fruit - fragrant pineapple.
After the withering out of the rosette, the babies that form on the plant are seated.
Here are some more recommendations:
In order to make the pineapple bloom, they resort to various tricks: they irradiate the plant with ultraviolet lamps, and also water its top with lime water or a solution that remains after using an acetylene torch working on carbide.
In books, it is often recommended to put the pineapple in a large transparent bag, put several ripe apples to it and tie it. Apples produce ethylene, which also stimulates flowering. Growing and ripening pineapple takes a long time - up to 5 months. All this time, it should be kept in a warm, well-lit place, regularly watered and fed with organic and complex mineral fertilizers. And when the seed will ripen, from its top you can grow another plant.
cool, I did not know that flowers and plants can be made. maybe they will decide when ..
need to ask him well about it)
Give him a flower!
Maybe he is too young
Many amateur bromeliad growers have never seen them blooming. Three or four summer plants at any time of the year are placed in a plastic bag with ripe apples or lemons, the bag is tied up and the peduncle is expected to form, not forgetting to water the plant. Fruits produce ethylene, which initiates flowering.
To initiate flowering pineapple, you can use another method. On 1 liter of water they take 10 g of construction carbide. At the end of the reaction (the carbide will dissolve, the hissing will stop), a dropper of the obtained solution is pipetted into the center of the rosette of leaves. It remains only to wait for flowers, water and feed your plant 1 time in 2 weeks with a full mineral fertilizer.
Pineapple at home will not bloom, checked.
Author: Irina Unzhakova
Pineapple is the most amazing exotic plant in the world, belonging to the bromlinian family, which grows in the tropics and has juicy fruits with impeccable sweet-sour taste.
These plants have a certain feature that allows them to absorb moisture not only from the soil, but also to absorb it from the outside, in the form of rain or dew.
The fact is that the moisture directly through the leaves of the plant flows into a reservoir in the form of a rosette at the trunk and accumulates there.
Thus, even in the most arid place of our planet, the pineapple will feel good and at ease.
Pineapple can also be grown in a temperate climate zone, when a person creates certain conditions for life, placing the fruit directly on the window sills in the home conditions of dwellings and apartment buildings.
Features of growing pineapples
• It is best to grow a pineapple from the so-called tuft, located on the seedlings.
• It is better to start the preparation process in spring or summer, picking up not fresh, but only fresh fruit.
• The tuft previously cut from the fruit must be thoroughly dried to complete healing of the wound on the handle.
• The pineapple pot should not be large, but supplemented with a drain for the liquid.
• The soil for this plant is necessary mixed in equal parts of peat and sand.
• For better moistening and disinfection the soil is recommended to shed with boiling water.
• After planting, the pineapple should be covered with a plastic bag (cap) and placed in a well-lit and warm place.
• В течение месяца ананас будет обрастать корневой системой, именно в этот период его рекомендуется опрыскивать тёпленькой водичкой без обильного заливания ею.
• Подкормку для ананаса лучше вносить в виде коровяка, также можно использовать минеральные удобрения, но разбавленные вполовину.
• Через два года ананас должен зацвести цветами с приятным и тонким ароматом.
• At the expiration of flowering the plant will begin to form a fruit - the growth process takes about 4 months to six months.
How to plant and grow pineapple at home - choose planting material
The first thing you need to get a mature fruit, part of which in the future should be the best planting material. Pineapple can be selected correctly by the following features:
• Pineapple flavor should be subtle and pleasant, and not overly sweet.
• The fruit must be a uniform color, without any visible defects.
• When pressing, the pineapple should be slightly springy, and not be soft or firm.
• The leaves on the crown should be slightly dried at the edges, and the remaining parts should be green and fresh.
• The sound, when tapping lightly, should be deaf, then with confidence, it can be said that the pineapple is ripe.
Important!If there are black specks on the pineapple or its leaves, the fruit is not tasty and will not fit for planting either.
After the specimen has been selected for planting, it is necessary to cut the top from the pineapple with a knife or turn the fruit clenched with the hand with the leaves to the side - the tuft can easily be separated from the stem from the stem.
Then, with the help of a knife, it is necessary to remove the extra leaves to expose the trunk, from which the first roots should appear later.
Now the top with the barrel must be given time to dry.
After that, the crown must be dipped in water so that the whole trunk is immersed in the prepared liquid.
A week later, it will be possible to see the first roots on the planting material. For better growth and development during the period of root formation, water for pineapple is recommended to be updated so that the fluid is constantly fresh.
After the roots formed on the crown grow a couple of centimeters of planting material can be immersed in the soil, thus determining the pineapple for permanent residence.
You can grow pineapple from seed. To do this, you need to get brown seeds from a ripe sample.
How to grow pineapple from the top at home, how to root properly, photos and videos
Then they must be washed in a solution of manganese, dried and sown in the substrate prepared in advance to a depth of 2-2.5 cm. After the soil must be thoroughly shed with some water, always warm and boiled. And then cover the pot with planting material film and set it in a warm place. After carrying out these processes, it remains only to expect the appearance of sprouts.
After the young plants need a good watering and fertilizing in the form of chicken manure or mineral fertilizer. After the plants have leaves, they can be planted in individual pots.
How to plant and grow pineapple at home - soil, lighting, conditions for flowering
For planting pineapple is needed soil, consisting of garden soil, peat and sand in proportions - 3: 1: 2, which can be prepared independently.
You can also purchase ready-made soil mixture for bromeliads or cacti crops.
A pot for initial planting pineapple should not be excessively large, sufficient volume will be a capacity of 0.5 liters, with the presence of holes made for drainage.
When planting germinated plants in the soil should follow a certain order:
• Drainage should be laid in a pot no more than 4 cm in height, over which it is necessary to fill up the soil mixture prepared in advance.
• The top needs to land in the middle of the pot to a depth of about 3 cm.
• The soil must be thoroughly moistened and coated with polyethylene, but so that the film does not touch the leaflets of the plant, since the accumulated condensate may be involved in the appearance of rot on the surface of the leaflets.
The plant should be located in bright places at room temperature, but without drafts. The direct rays of the sun should not fall on the plant, it is important to periodically ventilate it slightly opening the existing polyethylene to get rid of condensate.
After 30-60 days the polyethylene is recommended to be removed - the young leaves that appear will be evidence that the plant has taken root.
Since pineapple is a tropical plant, cold can ruin it. But it is necessary to take the plant to the fresh air, so in summer it can be placed on the balcony and or in the garden for at least 7 hours a day.
In winter, the same need to pineapple was in a warm room, but away from heaters and fireplaces. In winter, if you place a pineapple shrub on the south side, there will be enough natural light and heat.
If the florist in the room is warm and the temperature of the room is 22-27, then the pineapple feels good and comfortable.
Conditions for flowering
Pineapple begins to bloom in 2-3 years of its life, during this process, the tip grows and radicular buds appear.
For better flowering pineapple will require ethylene. Ethylene can be obtained in the following way - half a liter of water must be combined with 15 grams. calcium carbide. The resulting consistency should be allowed to stand for a day, and then strain the resulting solution. The liquid should be obtained without sediment. After the composition must be poured throughout the week in a sheet rosette of the fruit.
Thus, the pineapple will bloom for two months, and delight its owner. Luxurious blue flowers will be revealed daily, but only for a day.
After the last flower dries, a juicy and tasty fruit will begin to form and develop in its place. Pineapple ripening time is 4-6 months, depending on climatic conditions and plant variety.
How to plant and grow pineapple at home - feeding and watering
For good living pineapple requires constant feeding, and since this plant is grassy, it needs nitrogen fertilizer.
During the growing season, a slightly older plant requires the application of top-dressing, namely, mullein solution every two weeks. Before the start of fruiting, such top dressing will be quite sufficient, since the manure liquid includes all the most important nutrients and trace elements.
It happens that pineapple grows a large and beautiful plant, but does not bear fruit. This means one thing - pineapple needs stimulation. At home, stimulation can be carried out only after the plant has fully grown, formed in the warm season.
You can stimulate the plant in different ways:
• Infusion of acetylene solution into the middle of the plant rosette.
• Greenhouse method - under polyethylene with an installed can of water and a piece of carbide dipped into it.
A couple of months after stimulation, a flower stalk will appear.
In the warm season the rosette of leaves should be constantly moistened and filled with 2/3 of the water. Water must be changed every 30 days. Be sure to keep an eye on the soil in the pot to dry. Vodichka watering pineapple should be soft, if possible rain and warm.
During the growing season, the plant needs a moist soil. During the heat you need to look to ensure that the earth is completely saturated with liquid, but had time to dry out. Water should be boiled or distilled, and also slightly acidified with the help of lemongrass.
In winter, when the temperature of the earth falls, it is better to stop watering.
Pineapple at home: why does he die?
Since pineapple is an exotic plant, which means it is very tender and vulnerable, poorly adaptable to other conditions of life, it can die for the following reasons:
• Pineapple can be affected by arid air - spider mites, mealy worms, as well as scutes, which cause brown spots on the plant, aphids and phylloxera.
• Due to lack of moisture, pineapple leaves can dry out and thus expose the plant to great danger. In this connection, the pineapple must be constantly sprayed and watered.
• Due to lack of light, leaves may become pale.
• Due to malnutrition, pineapple can slow down its growth, not bloom and not bear fruit, and soon wither and die.
• The plant can easily destroy drafts, because of which the leaves of pineapple sag, twist and wither.
• Due to excessive soil moisture, the plant may begin to rot at the very base, so that the pineapple does not die, it is necessary to urgently move it to a warm, but ventilated place and dry the ground. But if the rot rises even higher, the plant will definitely die.
If you follow all the rules of growing pineapple at home, you can easily grow not only a large and healthy plant, but also treat yourself to quite juicy and tasty fruits of this tropical shrub.
Bloom. With proper care and favorable conditions of maintenance, homemade pineapple begins to bear fruit in the third year of life. By this time, the plant is already a powerful bush with arched leaves 70-80 cm long. If at the end of the stem a red-purple inflorescence has formed, then the fruit will appear, because
How to grow pineapple at home: landing methods and care nuances
pollination is not required for this.
Spike inflorescence home pineapple consists of many spirally arranged on the axis of the flowers. Flowering lasts about 1.5-2 weeks, during which spreads a faint pleasant aroma.
Horsehead ripens in 4-5 months after the start of flowering. It consists of individual, densely fused fruit. Externally, the stem resembles a large pine cone, perhaps that is why the British call pineapple “pineapple” - “pine apple”.
Gradually, the weight of the fetus increases, because of this, the stem can easily bend, so that this does not happen, you need to make some kind of support. The size of the fruit is determined by the size of the leaf surface that the plant has. Any induction of flowering (too cold spring, limited watering, cramped pot, use of special stimulants, for example, acetylene solution) with a too short stem, i.e. with a small leaf surface, will give smaller fruit.
During the growth and ripening of the fruit, it is necessary to feed once every 1.5-2 months with full mineral fertilizer, extract mullein and, whenever possible, blood water.
Pineapple fruits ripen in 120-130 days after the start of flowering. After the fruit ripens, the stem is cut with a sharp knife 5 cm below the fruit, trying to damage the leaves as little as possible. Soon there are two or three new shoots (rosettes) - these are the root shoots with which home pineapple also multiplies. To accelerate growth, they are removed, leaving only one. When the new shoot begins to develop, the old leaves can begin to be reduced to their complete removal. At the same time, the top layer of the earth is changed to a new one with the addition of humus or rotted manure. After 6-12 months after pruning the first fruit on the same plant can ripen another. In principle, one plant can live for several decades, but usually, after two or three fruiting, they start a new one.
To accelerate the ripening of the fetus, the removal of the apical point of growth is practiced after the formation of the apical shoot begins, but the storage time of the fetus is reduced. The older (ie lower) part of the pineapple fruit is always sweeter, even when the fruit is fully ripe. Since pineapple fruit does not have starch, its sweetness increases very slowly if it is removed unripe. But when ripe on the plant, the fruit very quickly becomes sweet.
The most common pot varieties are considered to be the varieties of the Queen group (up to 1.3 kg) and Cayenne (up to 3.5 kg), although among other varieties there are those that bear fruits weighing 8-10 kg, and in some plants up to 15-20 kg
Great advertising power
As you know, advertisers are cunning people, and are capable of selling anything to unsuspecting citizens. Thus, at different times, the year-ji berries, green coffee, grapefruit and soda were endowed with the power of "fat burning".
Pineapple was also proclaimed “the king of harmony” - and all because bromelain is included in it. According to the "advertisement", 1 g of this substance is able to remove almost a kilogram of natural fat! In fact, this bromelain is able to break down proteins, and not fats, into amino acids. That is, doing the same thing as an integral part of the body - gastric juice. So, when eating a pineapple cake, you should not hope for a miracle. But something in the legend of the pineapple is true.
Say no to excess fluid
Pineapple contains a large amount of potassium, and he, as you know, has the ability to rid the body of excess fluid. Removing water, pineapple "removes" swelling and reduces weight. Naturally, the fat remains in its place and no true weight loss does not occur. In order for the pineapple to really begin to act as a fat burning product, you need to learn how to eat it properly.
Do not get carried away with dried pineapple!
Dried pineapple slices - a delicious delicacy. Minus in calories, which increases in comparison with fresh fruit by 7 times. 100 grams of dry pineapple contains about 350 calories. Despite this, dried pineapple is a good remedy for a small snack, as it contains magnesium and potassium, zinc and iron, fiber, and vitamins of group B.
Pineapple for weight loss. How to eat pineapple to lose weight?
Pineapple contains a small amount of calories (per 100 grams - 48) and a huge amount of fiber. Therefore, nutritionists include this fruit in the menu of fasting days. Fiber neutralizes the feeling of hunger, and a small amount of calories prevents a person from recovering. One option is to eat one pineapple during the day, dividing its flesh into 4 equal parts. So you can get rid of at least 500 g of excess weight. The main thing is to drink plenty of pure water. Due to its low calorie content and sweet taste, pineapple is considered one of the most useful dessert options. Pampering yourself with a piece of fruit after lunch or dinner, you can not be afraid to spoil the shape.
How to choose the right pineapple?
In no case can not buy pineapple, if its skin has dark spots. They indicate improper storage of the fruit, and in this case it becomes completely not usable.
From the foregoing it is clear that pineapple is not a miracle cure for fat. This is just a useful fruit, the correct use of which will help to preserve health and improve mood, and maybe even lose a few pounds.
Who needs pineapple?
Pineapple has healing and anti-inflammatory properties, so this fruit should be included in your diet to everyone who suffers from the following diseases:
- heart disease
- vascular diseases
- kidney disease
- Pineapple is considered a good preventive measure for such serious diseases as stroke, heart attack and oncology.
Where to begin?
For planting used purchased pineapple with juicy and sweet pulp. Leaf top rosette cut with a sharp knife. Then he hung it down with leaves and left it for several days so that the place of the cut would be covered with a tissue stopper, which prevents the penetration of pathogenic bacteria and decay.
After that, powdered cork formed with crushed charcoal and proceeded to rooting. Cooked the soil from turf land, peat moss, leaf land, birch sawdust and river sand (in the ratio 3: 2: 2: 2: 1), and put a rosette in it, sprinkling it on 2.5-3 cm. Poured a pink solution of potassium permanganate.
Rooted Pineapple Stalk
How to care?
For rooting to be successful, the land in the pot is not compacted (it must be loose) and watered pineapple is only warm (30-40 ° C) water. Pot down in a transparent plastic bag. The substrate kept slightly moist. About a month and a half later, young light green leaves appeared from the central socket.
Summer transplanted pineapple in another pot (not very high, but rather wide, because the roots of the plant do not grow in depth), deepening 2-3 cm below the previous level. From spring to autumn every 2 weeks fed up infusion of mullein. With the onset of cold snap watering reduced.
When grown on a windowsill, pineapple can not be rotated - this can lead to slower growth.
Helping the pineapple to bloom
When my room pineapple was fully formed (the length of the leaves reached 60-70 cm, and the thickness of the trunk at the base was about 8 cm), I spent artificial stimulationto cause flowering. To do this, 10-15 g of calcium carbide dissolved in 1 liter of water and, after the cessation of a violent reaction, poured it into the center of the leaf outlet. Repeated the operation the next day.
After 1.5-2 months, the peduncle appeared. At this time, ensure that the soil in the pot was always wet. After 6 months, I tried my own fragrant pineapple.
To pineapple fruit develops normally, you should pinch the growth point.