Gooseberry can be found at almost every site in the central region of Russia. Often gardeners think what sort to choose and plant. Let's try to understand together, having familiarized with the description of the most popular of them. Varieties are divided by many criteria Kolobok, Grushenka, Russian Yellow and Amber are most suitable for the Moscow region. The most frost-resistant are Beryl, Ural emerald, Consul and others. The largest fruits give varieties Defender, Cooperator, Leningradets and others. Possess excellent taste qualities - Honey, Captivator, Pushkin, Sadko, Affectionate, English, Masha and others. The gooseberry without thorns is the safest, besides, it is easier to care for it, the best and most popular varieties are the Eaglet, African, Gooseberry, and other.
Description of the most popular varieties for the Moscow region and central Russia
Srednerosly shrub with drooping branches. There are practically no thorns on the shoots. Small berries, on average, weigh 5 grams, pear-shaped, and the color changes as the fruit ripens (from pale red to deep purple). The variety is perfect for growing in central Russia, it can easily endure frosts, winter cold and drought. It is immune to many diseases.
A low shrub with medium spreading, sprinkled with spikes throughout the area. Brings pear-shaped fruits of yellow color weighing up to 6 grams . Characterized by the presence of a thin wax coating. The variety has excellent tolerance to sudden changes in temperature, frost and drought. Self-infested, not affected by many common diseases.
Tall shrubs can grow to a height of 1.5 meters. The crown is thick and spreading, there are also many prickly thorns on it. But all these disadvantages are compensated by tasty and beautiful fruits. Berries are yellow-orange and oblong in shape, weighing 5-6 grams on average. . Amber gooseberry belongs to the early varieties and has a very high yield. Also, this shrub tolerates frost and drought.
Medium shrub with thorns, which are located one by one, most often on the lower part of the branches. Fruits are large, their weight reaches 7 grams . The shape of the berries is slightly elongated, the color is pale red. The taste is pleasant, sweet and sour. Variety tolerates frost, resistant to anthracnose and powdery mildew.
The best large-fruited gooseberry varieties
A tall bush with strong branches and a crown of direct form. The mass of berries can reach 10 grams, their shape is oval-pear-shaped, burgundy, almost black. The taste of the fruit is sweet and sour. Refers to late ripening varieties. The defender tolerates frost well, does not undergo powdery mildew.
A shrub of this variety has a medium height and sparse, slightly sprawling crown with a small number of thorns. On average, one berry weighs 7 grams, the shape of a pear, the color is dark red. Such fruits are dessert, they are very tasty and sweet. Up to 5 kilograms of crop can be harvested from one bush, the ripening period is medium late. Another feature of the variety is resistance to cold and fruit rot.
The bush is of medium height with a half sprawling crown, spikes are almost absent The berries are large in size, their weight can reach 10 grams, the shape resembles an inverted egg, the color is dark red. The taste of gooseberry sweet and sour. One bush can be harvested up to 7.5 kilograms of the crop, the average maturity. Shrub winter-hardy, medium exposed to powdery mildew.
Shrub medium growth with a compact, neat crown. On average, fruits weigh 5-6 grams, but their weight can reach 8 grams, the shape is round-oval, color is dull, yellow-green. The taste of these berries is very pleasant, sweet, they are suitable for fresh use, and for all kinds of processing. The variety is resistant to frost and fungal diseases, is distinguished by its ability to reproduce the crop, even under adverse climatic conditions.
The best winter hardy gooseberry varieties
Srednerosly shrub with a neat crown. Thorns are present on the bottom of the shoot. The weight of berries can reach 8-9 grams, the shape is spherical, the color is light green. The taste of fruit is dessert, highly appreciated by professional tasters. One bush brings up to 9 kilograms of crop. and can survive the cold to -36 degrees. Also, the variety is resistant to fruit rot.
Medium shrub with a small number of thorns on the shoots. Berries are characterized by lack of pubescence, their weight can reach 8 grams. . This variety got its name due to the bright color of fruits with a dessert taste and a pleasant aroma. The first harvest can be obtained for 3-4 year of life, ripening medium early. Frost resistance is high, such a shrub can withstand cold to -37 degrees.
Another name for this variety is senator. Medium-sized bush with a dense crown, on which there are practically no spikes. The berries are large, their weight can reach 6 grams, the color is maroon, almost black. The peel of the fruit is very thin, so they do not tolerate transportation. Also in such berries there are very few seeds, thanks to which they make excellent jam. The shrub tolerates frost well to -37 degrees. In the first years of life, the Senator produces little yield, but over time, this figure increases by 2-3 times.
A small bush with a compact crown, on which a lot of sharp thorns. Spherical berries weigh no more than 8 grams . The color is bright green. The taste is very pleasant, sweet, the peel of the fruit is thin, and the flesh is juicy and tender. The grade belongs to old selection, possesses very high frost resistance (to-39 degrees). The crop ripens in average terms.
The bush is of medium height, slightly sprawling, the crown is rare, there are thorns on the shoots. The berries are quite large, the maximum weight can reach 9 grams, the shape is round, the color is saturated - red. On the skin, there are practically no pubescence. The taste of this gooseberry is dessert. The first crop can be harvested in the second year of the plant’s life, but over time, this indicator becomes larger and reaches 6-7 kg. Also, the variety is very cold resistant, resistant to powdery mildew.
The best ballless varieties of gooseberry
Medium shrub with a neat and small crown. The lack of thorns makes this variety one of the most popular among gardeners. On average, one berry weighs 4-6 grams, the color is almost black. Differs in the presence of a light military raid and a pleasant sweet-sour taste. The crop ripens in early terms, the bush annually and plentifully fructifers, is steady against frosts and fruit rot.
Medium sized bush with no spikes. The berries are not large, round shape, dark purple. The taste of the fruit is sweet and sour, with light notes of black currant. Shrub begins to bear fruit in 2-3 years after planting, has good winter hardiness and resistance to many diseases. There is a risk of infection with anthracnose.
One of the most popular varieties of gooseberry. Bush tall with a narrow, neat crown, the branches of which grow strictly upwards. The berries are dark, almost black, their weight can reach 4 grams . The taste of the fruit is pleasant, with a slight sourness. Crop ripening period is medium. With proper care from one shrub can remove up to 12 pounds of fruit. Among other things, the Northern captain tolerates frost well, drought and does not suffer from many diseases.
Medium shrub that brings bright green, large (up to 8 grams) oval-shaped fruits. The variety is medium late, there is no pubescence on the skin, the fruit pulp is sweet and pleasant to taste. The variety tolerates frost well, but it can start dumping berries early, which will lead to a loss of harvest. Gooseberries are recommended to be harvested a little earlier than its full maturity. In addition, the lack of thorns will make this process even easier and more pleasant.
The bush is vigorous, but at the same time its crown is very compact, and the branches grow predominantly upwards. On average, berries weigh 5 grams each, have a drop-like shape and a light red color.. The taste of the fruit is pleasant, sweet with a barely noticeable sourness. The variety tolerates winter cold and is not exposed to powdery mildew.
Gooseberries are very fond of both adults and children. Choose a suitable variety for themselves can resident of any region, you can also pick up berries to taste, size and other indicators. The modern market offers a huge variety of different varieties of gooseberry.
Varieties and their types
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The fruits of different varieties of gooseberry are different:
- Size and shape
- Color (green, red, pink, yellow berries),
- The presence of thorns (bearingless, heavily horny and sredneshipovye varieties),
- Maturing term
Based on the views of summer residents, the best varieties of gooseberry include plants with a small number of direct shoots and a weak tendency to shoot. It is the bushes of such species that get more sunlight and are well ventilated. These factors have a positive effect on the volume of the crop and the taste of the fruit.
The best varieties for the Moscow region and central Russia
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The plant is medium in size with drooping branches. Shrubs have virtually no thorns. Fruits are pear-shaped, small in size, the weight of one unit is about 4.9 grams, the color of the skin changes depending on the degree of maturity. Initially, the berries are pale reddish, ripe - purple. The variety is recommended to be planted in the regions of central Russia, since the Grushenka tolerates frost and a hot, dry summer well. The variety does not suffer from diseases and viruses.
The best varieties of gooseberry with large fruits
A plant with tall, powerful branches and a flat crown. Represents large varieties. The weight of one berry is up to 10 g, the shape is oblong-pear, the color of the skin is maroon.
The fruit pulp tastes sweet and sour. "Protector" refers to varieties with an early maturity. The variety is resistant to low temperatures and has immunity against powdery mildew.
The bushes of the plant are covered with thorns. Fruits are large, the weight of one varies from 3 to 5.9 grams. The color of the berries is pink, the flesh is sweet and sour to taste, has a wonderful aroma.
"Candy" is resistant to frost, does not need pollination. Each season brings from 1.9 to 6.3 kg per bush. It has immunity against powdery mildew and anthracnose.
This variety has a minus, “Candy” often falls prey to Septoria. It is recommended to grow in areas of Western and Eastern Siberia.
When choosing a variety for growing in your garden, it is necessary to pay special attention to the time of ripening of fruits, their size, shape and taste. Both an experienced gardener and amateur will find a species that will be ideally suited in all respects, since the gooseberry varieties are vast.
Watch the video! Review of gooseberry varieties
Yellow gooseberry berries are not only very sweet, but also look unusual in the garden. It is with them and begin. Yellow gooseberry varieties include:
Differs in the taste characteristics of its fruit: sweetness mixed with a subtle taste of flower honey. Small berries weighing 3-4 g, unusually soft with a thin golden skin, in this regard, their portability is “lame”.
The disadvantages of the variety also include weak resistance of the bushes to various kinds of diseases and spinousness.
It has oval berries weighing up to 6 g with a waxy coating and thin skin, the bush is medium sprawling, drought-resistant and has good self-fertility. This figure is important if you want to plant only one variety on the site.
Usually, for good yields, they plant at least 1.5–2 m apart from each other at least two different gooseberry varieties. The bush has quite frequent spikes.
Very beautiful variety from an aesthetic point of view. Elongated orange-yellow fruit with an average weight of 5 g, will appear almost the very first in the garden among other varieties of gooseberry.
The bush height of 1.5 m is quite spreading. But this disadvantage is easily compensated by the high yield of the variety and good winter hardiness. However, the spikes of this variety are very caustic and frequent.
Refers to yellow fruit varieties with large berries - up to 8 g. In fact, the variety has many advantages: resistance to powdery mildew, weak distribution of the bush, good yield. And the taste of the fruit is very sweet, dessert.
Variety refers to the maturity of the term of maturity, while the flowers are resistant to returnable frosts and almost freeze slightly. The bush is characterized by low spike shoots.
It is a superearly variety with a compact crown. Medium yellow berries (up to 4 g) of dessert sweet-sour taste.
Immediately I would like to note that the terms “sweet-sour” and “sweet-sour” differ in their meanings: in the first case sourness prevails, and in the second - sweetness.
Their transportability is quite good, the yield also will not let you down, according to reviews who planted this variety in their area. The berries are not showered, however, if they are not picked on time, the fruits will become tasteless.
Usually beginning gardeners are sure: the green gooseberry is sour, and the red is sweet. This statement is not always true. Green berries have a wide palette of tastes, it all depends on the particular variety. Just below are descriptions of green gooseberries.
An old variety with rounded green berries weighing up to 6 g with a slight waxy bloom and plenty of seeds inside. The taste is sour, but if the berries are not removed on time, they become sweetish.
The bush itself is vigorous, with thorns, thickened, but it has a long period of fruiting, and the fruits are perfectly transported, which is surprising, because they have a thin peel.
Red gooseberry varieties are most popular with gardeners. Here are the most interesting ones:
A special feature, mainly, is the unprecedented size of the fruit - the weight of one berry reaches 15 g! Perhaps this contributes to late maturity. The berry has a dense skin and is well protected by thorns. But not everything is so perfect, the variety has its drawbacks, namely susceptibility to diseases and non-adherence in arid zones.
In general, if you want giant fruits, you have to provide the bush with a constant and complete care. In addition, the taste of the fruit "Date" refers not to dessert, but to sour-sweet.
Variety with short single spikes, which are only in the lower part of the shoot. The bush is of medium ripening, very fruitful, and also resistant to anthracnose and powdery mildew, which is important. Fruits are bright red, large, grow to 7 g, sweet and sour with a pleasant aroma.
Adding an article to a new collection
Berries of sweet gooseberry varieties are especially good when fresh. Of these, jelly, jam, wine are also prepared, added to sauces and used in traditional medicine. Plant a bush of this sort on the plot and treat your loved ones with a useful delicacy!
Gooseberry is one of the most popular berries in the gardens of many gardeners. He is known in our latitudes from the XI century. More than 1500 varieties of gooseberry are cultivated in the world. It is effective as a diuretic and choleretic agent, and also rich in pectins (these substances help cleanse the body of toxins, radioactive elements and other harmful substances). The traditional taste of gooseberry fruit is sweet-sour, but today we will talk about gooseberry varieties with sweet berries.
Despite the strong spinousness of the shoots and the relative small-fruited, this variety of gooseberry is loved for the sweet taste of berries. The variety was obtained by crossing varieties Mysovsky 17 and Hansa. In the State Register of breeding achievements registered since 2000
The leaves are medium in size, the color of the berries is yellowish. A small compact bush does not take up much space in the garden. The grade is universal, fruits are good both in a fresh look, and for preparations. Suitable for cultivation in the North-West region.
Consul or Senator
Gooseberry with large red berries weighing more than 6 g of the average term of ripening. When fully matured, they become almost black. Fruits are round, with thin skin, have low transportability. The number of seeds inside is very small, so the berries make excellent jams. The crown of the bush is thick, but practically without thorns.
The main advantages of the variety are high rates of winter hardiness and yield. The first few years the bush will not bear fruit in full power, but then the yield increases 2.5 times.
The name is very popular: there are varieties of the same name gooseberry, honeysuckle and black currant. The color of the berries is very beautiful and unusual - they have a deep dark pink shade. Their weight reaches 6 grams, have a light downiness and a rounded shape. The taste of the fruit is sweet with a thin sourness. The bush itself is compact and low. Spike shoots weak.
Сорт высокозимостойкий и почти без колючек. Perhaps these are the only qualities that he can boast. The berries are very small - up to 3 g, oval, almost black, having a sweet-sour taste. The bush is a vigorous, has an average yield. Variety for the "lazy", as absolutely unpretentious.
Commander (or Vladil)
Its distinctive feature is dark red, almost black berries at a later harvest. And during the season they change color from green to brown. The taste is sweet and sour, but the appointment is universal. The bush itself is medium tall, spreading is weak. Very responsive to frequent watering, especially in hot summer conditions. With proper care, the berries do not peel off the bush and do not crack.
This variety, in addition to lack of bearing, also has a number of advantages: drought resistance, high yield, resistance to a complex of diseases. However, the fruits are not very large, weighing 5 g have a sweet dessert taste. An interesting feature of the berries is their color - it changes as it ripens from red to purple.
The ripening period is medium late. A characteristic feature of the variety is drooping branches (usually they are erect in the gooseberry).
The best early varieties of gooseberry
350 (two year old sapling in a container)
Opens our ranking of the best varieties of gooseberry dessert green variety of early ripening. Bush srednerosly, thick and compact. The shoots are straight, thick, covered with spikes of medium size along the entire length. Emerald green berries with pronounced light venation (similar to small watermelons), weighing 3.5 - 7.5 g, leveled, oval, with a thin smooth skin, without pubescence, yellow-green pulp. The taste qualities are gaining a grade of 5 points, sugar prevails, but a slight sourness is also felt. The average yield per bush is 6 kg, but with proper care it can reach 10 kg. It is characterized by high winter hardiness and good immunity. This variety of gooseberry is good for Western Siberia, it is successfully grown in the Moscow region.
- dessert taste
- large fruit
- disease and pest resistance
In my collection, this is the best variety of gooseberries. During the years of cultivation, not a single disease has been seen, fruitful, berries are large (one to one) and very tasty.
250 (for one-year sapling in a package)
Early variety for processing and fresh consumption. Bush height of not more than 1.5 m, moderately spreading. The shoots are thick, straight or slightly curved, branching in a moderate degree, rarely covered in the lower part with single short spikes. Berries are drop-shaped, weighing up to 4.0 g, dark red, blackening when fully ripe, without pubescence. The skin is dense, with a waxy coating, the veins are faintly visible. The taste is dominated by sourness, there is a characteristic flavor and plum flavor. Berries are transportable. The average productivity of adult bushes 2 - 4 kg. Gooseberry "Prune" winter well in the conditions of the Central strip and the Urals. It is resistant to powdery mildew, but in some years it can be affected by anthracnose and septoria. In unfavorable years and with low agricultural technology, the berries shrink dramatically. Recommended for cultivation in the Central region, the Volga region and the Urals.
- high winter hardiness
- powdery mildew resistance
- weak spikeiness
This gooseberry blooms very early, when others do not even think. Shrubs almost spread along the ground - you need a backup. Planted for wine and compote, but in the end it is eaten fresh.
350 (for a two-year sapling in a container)
Early ripe green gooseberry universal purpose. A bush with medium vigor, with a thick crown. The shoots are upright, thick, very rarely covered with single spikes of medium size. The berries, when fully ripe, are yellow-green with a blush, leveled, oval, weighing 5 - 7 g, dessert taste with sourness and delicate aroma, smooth skin. The average productivity of an adult bush is 7.5 - 9 kg. It has high rates of winter resistance, safely tolerates spring cooling. It exhibits excellent resistance to powdery mildew and septoria, rarely affected by anthracnose. A high level of self-fertility ensures stable yields. This variety of gooseberry has a good rooting rate for cuttings and cuttings. Recommended for cultivation in the Central region, but successfully cultivated throughout the Central Belt.
- average spike
- dessert taste
- good winter hardiness
- powdery mildew and septoria
- in rainy summer it is possible to shed ripe berries
I distinguish this gooseberry for thin skin, pleasant sourness and "nebolyavost". Harvest always happy.
The best mid-season varieties of gooseberry
250 (for one-year sapling in a package)
Good mid-season variety of gooseberry for universal use. Shrubs sredneroslye, slightly sprawling. Shoots are straight, along the entire length covered with spikes of medium size. Fruits are red with a cherry tinge, weighing 4 - 6 g, round or slightly oval. Peel with short pubescence, thin but strong, with mild venation. It tastes sweet with fine acidity, tasting score of 5 points. The productivity of an adult bush is 5-6 kg. Shows the average winter hardiness, in some years, moderately affected by disease. It is successfully grown in the Leningrad, Moscow, Vologda, Ryazan, Nizhny Novgorod and Sverdlovsk regions. Gooseberry Krasnoslavyansky according to gardeners is considered the most unpretentious of the dessert varieties.
- fragrant dessert berries
- compact bushes
- very prickly
- low resistance to powdery mildew
I grow this variety for a very long time, the bush has never been sick and froze, I have not tasted tastier and sweeter than berries.
250 (for one-year sapling in a package)
Mid-season green gooseberry. Bushes sredneroslye, moderately sprawling, with a dense crown. The shoots are curved, with a drooping top, at the bottom are covered with single spikes. When fully ripe, the berries remain light green, aligned, weighing from 3.9 - 6.5 to 9.2 g, round, with thin skin, smooth, without puffing. The taste is sweet with a pleasant sourness. The yield of an adult bush 5 - 10 kg. Maximum productivity is achieved only with high agricultural technology. In rainy summer, the yield decreases due to the average self-fertility. It has a high winter hardiness. Recommended for Western Siberia. Gardeners from Moscow and Lipetsk regions get good results in taste and immunity to disease. In the climate of the Leningrad Region, the affection of powdery mildew increases, and the taste is no longer gaining 5 points.
- weak spikeiness at the bottom of old shoots
- dessert taste
- high yield
- good winter hardiness
- susceptibility to powdery mildew and septoria
The best gooseberry for the Moscow region is not only pleasant to eat from the bush, but also painless: even children do not notice thorns.
250 (one-year sapling in the package)
Mid-season gooseberry with good immunity, used mainly for processing. Bushes are powerful, vigorous, sprawling during the fruiting period. The shoots are sloping, slightly curved, strongly branched, at the base covered with rare, thin and short spikes. The berries are round, maroon, almost black, weighing 3.5-4 g, the skin of medium density, with a waxy coating. In terms of taste, it refers to technical varieties; processed products (jam, juice, wine) are very tasty and receive a high tasting score. When overriding the skin does not crack, the berries do not crumble for a long time. The maximum productivity of an adult bush is 8 - 12 kg. Gooseberry Northern captain is well rooted and quickly propagated by layering. It shows high winter hardiness and resistance to powdery mildew, anthracnose and septoria, and is slightly affected by pests. Recommended for cultivation in the North-West region.
- weak spikeiness
- cracking resistance
- good disease and pest resistance
- abundant annual fruiting
- pronounced acidity in the berries
- tendency to thicken
For fresh use, this gooseberry is sour, but the berries go well for wine. Like abundant fruiting and highly resistant to diseases.
The best late varieties of gooseberry
380 (for a two-year sapling in a container)
Late-ripe dessert variety of gooseberry old selection, with a predominance of Western European genes. The bush is vigorous and spreading. The shoots are powerful, straight or slightly curved, in the lower and middle parts densely covered with sharp spikes of medium size. The branching of the bush is strong, so timely thinning is required. Berries are brown-red, oval, weighing 10 - 15 g (in some reviews up to 20 g), without pubescence, with green flesh and dense skin. The taste is sweet with sour, there is a strong aroma. Fruits have good transportability, can be stored chilled for several weeks. The yield of an adult bush is 8 - 10 kg. Differs in durability: without rejuvenating pruning, bushes actively bear fruit for almost a quarter of a century. Shows good winter hardiness, but freezing is possible in severe winters. Susceptible to disease, when grown, preventive treatments are used. Widely distributed in central Russia.
- shade tolerance
- large fruit
- high taste
- powdery mildew susceptibility
Very large good gooseberry, but with proper care, of course. On the bush matures badly, the berry cracks, but it matures well in the refrigerator, acquiring a very sweet taste.
260 (for one-year sapling in the package)
Late ripening bushless gooseberry. Bush srednerosly, compact, densely covered with leaves. Shoots drooping, without thorns, strongly branched. New shoots are formed actively. When ripe, the berries acquire a dark purple color, pear-shaped, weighing 4.3 - 4.5 g, pleasant acidity prevails in taste. The skin is thin, but durable, with a waxy coating. Berries are transportable, with full ripening do not crumble for a long time. A separate bush annually gives at least 6 kg of berries. Gooseberry "Grushenka" is valued for its unpretentiousness to growing conditions and good immunity. Active growth and fruiting are observed until the age of 20. The variety is grown in central Russia.
- lack of thorns
- high winter hardiness
- disease resistance
- average size of berries
- average tasting of berries
- branches need support during fruiting
This gooseberry is praised in the reviews for yield and simplicity, the taste of berries is normal.
In addition to the varieties described, experienced gardeners recommend: Pink 2, Souvenir, Russian, Plum, Summer, Chernomor, Seyant Lefora. Among them are both dessert and technical varieties.
The best time to plant a gooseberry is autumn. A simple and reliable method of reproduction is rooting of horizontal cuttings of woody or growing shoots. Compared with currants, gooseberries are less winter-hardy, therefore in the northern regions in the winter it is spud or mulched with a thick layer of organic matter. For the prevention of the spread of powdery mildew around the seedling, a square support frame is arranged, which will not allow the branches to fall to the ground under the weight of the crop.
Have a good harvest!
Attention! The accuracy of the information and the results of the ranking is subjective and is not an advertisement.
In the central regions of Russia gooseberry is grown on almost every plot. A detailed description of the variety and photos presented in the article will help to choose the best type of gooseberry, both to a novice gardener and amateur gardener.