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Kotovnik Fassena: description, variety, photo

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Kotovnik Fassena is a wonderful ornamental plant that can fit into almost any flower arrangement and decorate a garden plot. Particularly loved by landscape designers, this plant due to the long period of flowering and exquisite appearance, reminiscent of lavender. The rather unusual name of the plant was obtained due to the alluring scent that attracts cats like valerian. In the people, catnip is often called catnip. In this article we will tell you in detail about the cattle Fassen, the care for which does not give you any trouble, and also share ways to use this plant not only for ornamental purposes, but also for other purposes.

Description and chemical composition

Kotovnik Fassena (Nepeta Faassenii, Latin) is a perennial flowering plant belonging to the family of Labiaceae. This plant appeared due to the crossing of the catnip Mussini and Nepetella. The bush has erect stems from 20 to 60 centimeters in height, as well as a branched root system. The shape of the leaves is oval, close to heart-shaped and has pointed edges. The foliage color varies from gray-green to saturated emerald green. As can be seen in the photo of cat Fassen, the main shades of its inflorescences are blue, blue and lavender. Catnip blooms throughout the three months of summer, some varieties are able to bloom twice.

The plant is characterized as frost-resistant, heat and moisture-loving. Kotovnik has a pleasant mint flavor and a bitter-spicy taste. Under natural conditions, it grows in meadows and forest glades, as well as along rocky roads.

Kotovnik leaves and stems have a high content of essential oils, flavonoids, glycosides, saponins and tannins. Therefore, the plant is widely used not only in decorative, but also for medicinal purposes, as well as in cooking.

Varieties

Among the variety of varieties of cattle Fassen can be identified several of the most popular. In this section we will tell you more about each of them.

  • Kotovnik Fassen's Six Hills Giant. This variety reaches a height of half a meter and differs in rich blue flowers of petals. A thick bush with bright green leaves blooms from early May to late August. The cotovik of this variety prefers the fertile soil of light structure, and also perfectly survives in sunny areas. Resistant to drought, grows quickly enough and has a pleasant aroma that combines notes of lemon and mint. It goes well with roses and other decorative perennials.
  • Kotovnik Fassena Light blue. A low bush, reaching a height of not more than 30 centimeters. This variety is one of the few who prefer sunny places for planting. The flowers of this catnip have a delicate blue color with a lilac shade and gather in oblong inflorescences. Most often used to create live borders.
  • Kotovnik Fassena Blue Wonder. Dwarf variety with a height of no more than 20 centimeters. The dense and fluffy bush during flowering is covered with spike-shaped flowers of azure color. Flowering lasts from June to September. The variety does not require special care and grows quickly enough.
  • Kotovnik Fassen Walkers Low. Perennial plant with a spicy aroma, reaching half a meter in height. Differs double flowering - in May and September. This variety does not require shelter for the winter, and in summer prefers moderate soil moisture.

Kotovnik or melissa?

Kotovnik Fassena is very often confused with melissa. The structure of these plants is in fact very similar. The color of the leaves of the catnip has a rich green color, while at the lemon balm the leaves are gray-silver in color. In addition, the flavor of these plants is different. To activate the catnip's aroma, you need to rub the leaf in your hands properly, in the case of melissa it is enough just to be near the bush - it smells much more intense. The catnip has a touch of geranium in its aroma, while lemon balm has a delicate lemon shade. The height of the plants also differs: the catnip grows almost a meter in the penumbra, while lemon balm is much lower - it does not exceed forty centimeters.

Medical applications

The rich chemical composition of the catnip allows it to be used for medicinal purposes. The following plant properties are widely known:

  • anti-inflammatory,
  • antipyretic
  • expectorant
  • antispasmodic,
  • tonic,
  • hemostatic

From the catnip prepare various decoctions and infusions, which are used in cardiovascular diseases, problems with the digestive and urinary system. Effective use of catnip with bronchitis, gastritis, migraines, insomnia and anemia. Preparations from this plant relieve pain, eliminate cramps and eliminate worms.

Kotovnik Fassena in landscape design

Kotovnik differs in quite rare cold shades of blue, and therefore occupies a special place in the design of the landscape. Using this plant, you can wonderfully decorate the area along the paths, creating a hedge. Catnip looks good in flower beds. Miniature varieties are often used for landscaping roofs and facades of houses. The catnip fits perfectly into almost any flower arrangement. And he always looks very lush and rich. Gardeners are advised to combine it with roses, lavender, sage, phlox, peonies.

Use in cooking

Due to the original and rich taste that combines lemon and mint, as well as the spicy aroma, the catnip is often used in cooking. The stems and leaves are dried, then crushed into powder. This spice is perfect for meat and fish dishes, it is also added to various sauces and marinades. Some gourmets prefer catnip in desserts and preserves. In addition, the spice is an ingredient in some varieties of cheeses and alcoholic beverages, such as vermouth. Add dried stems and stems to tea, giving it a stunning aroma and taste.

Kotovnik Fassena preferably planted in areas where previously grown vegetables. In addition, it is preferable to use shaded areas with lime soil.

Planting of this plant can be carried out both in open ground and in greenhouse conditions. Before sowing in open ground, which is carried out not earlier than April, the soil is dug up and well spilled with water. Seeds of catnip Fassin sown to a depth of no more than a centimeter. The distance between the rows should be about 30 centimeters. The first shoots appear already 5-7 days after sowing. As soon as the sprouts appear full leaflets, it is time to make supplements.

When planting a catnip in a greenhouse, seeds are planted at the same depth, but the distance between them is reduced to 5-8 centimeters. After this planting, cover with a film until the first shoots. Sowing is done in the second half of March, and the first shoots can be expected not earlier than mid-April. After the appearance of the first leaves on the shoots, the seedlings are pickled into separate pots or containers. After 1.5-2 months, the full development of the root system occurs, and the plant is ready for transplantation into open ground.

Growing conditions

Kotovnik no accident called unpretentious plant. It survives well on almost any soil, but fertilizing is considered a desirable care measure. After flowering, in early autumn, about 3 kilograms of compost or humus are applied to the soil per square meter of land. In spring, the plant is fed complex mineral preparations containing potassium and phosphorus.

Growing a catnip is most preferable in middle and southern latitudes. The ideal temperature for planting and further growth is the range from +16 to +21 ° C. It is best to plant the plant in a bit of shading. With prolonged exposure to direct sunlight catnip Fassin quickly fade and die with the onset of autumn.

Watering and plant care

Kotovnik Fassena, being a perennial plant, is able to live for a long time with proper care and timely watering. Despite the general resistance to drought, the plant requires regular moistening of the soil, which directly determines the state of greenery and the luxuriant bloom.

Water the plant exclusively after drying the top layer of soil. Too frequent and abundant watering lead to rotting of the root system and, as a result, the complete death of the plant. In order to avoid stagnation of water, be sure to think over the drainage system.

Be sure to remove bloomed inflorescences. Such a procedure will not only improve the appearance of the plant, but also extend the flowering period. Removing wilted flowers, you make room for new ones. Receiving such simple care, the catnip grows quite quickly and fills the plot with a fragrant aroma.

Young plants are a favorite delicacy of various pests, such as bears and slugs. Get rid of them will help special traps or technical oil, the smell of which scares many harmful insects. It is enough to prepare several containers with oil, which are located between the bushes.

Breeding

Kotovnik Fassena propagated in three main ways:

  1. Seeds - planting material is sown immediately in open ground, bypassing the seedling stage.
  2. Seedlings - the most preferred method of reproduction, involving the preliminary sowing of seeds for seedlings and their subsequent transplantation into open ground (after the formation of full-fledged leaves on sprouts).
  3. The division of the root - in the beginning of spring or autumn they dig out the largest and strongest shrub and divide it into several parts so that each of them has at least 3-4 generative buds. Each seedling is planted in separate prepared wells. This plant rejuvenation procedure should be carried out every 3-4 years.

Specifications

Let's start to get acquainted with the flower closer. Kotovnik has the following characteristics:

  • its height can reach about 50 cm,
  • blooms from early summer to mid-autumn,
  • buds can be lilac, purple, lavender and white,
  • the plant has a pleasant aroma that attracts cats,
  • considered a good honey plant
  • corolla size about 18 cm.

Intends for cultivation in an average and southern strip. The ideal temperature for planting and adapting a plant should be between 16 and 21 degrees.

There are many types of this flower. Consider the most interesting representatives.

Want long and bright flower beds that last until late autumn, then choose cattery "Fassin". The varieties below will help you familiarize yourself with some of the main types before you buy:

  1. "Crisis". This includes varieties such as Little Titch and Odeur Citron. Their distinctive feature is the color of the buds, which can be pink, blue or white. The height of the bush varies in the range of 15-40 cm. Flowering lasts all summer and ends only in late autumn.
  2. "Mussini." This variety is considered undersized. Plant height does not exceed 20 cm. Flowers are purple and bright blue. Blossoming period from May to September.
  3. "Large-flowered." This group includes such varieties as "Wildcat", "Ballet" and "Mikael". This species is distinguished by the height of bushes, which can reach from 50 to 150 cm. The buds have a pronounced violet-blue color. Flowering lasts from June to September.
  4. "Siberian". Plant height is 60-100 cm. This variety is easily confused with the large-flowered view, only the buds of its purple color. The period of active growth from June to September.
  5. "Zhilkovaty." This variety is different from all the others in its riot of colors. The buds can be pink, blue and white. Pleases with its beauty not for long. Only from July to August. Plant height is not more than 25 cm.
  6. "Kokand". If you want to decorate a flower bed for a while, then you can plant this undersized variety of catnip. Its height is from 10 to 40 cm. The flowers are purple hue.

The cattle "Fassin" closes our list. Description of the variety will help you to find out whether the plant is suitable for you or not. Moving on to the next important point.

Growing a catnip is easy, but you can meet with some difficulties. To ensure that everything went well, you should use the following recommendations:

  1. Landing is made in the soil fertilized with humus. If there is no manure, you can use complex fertilizers.
  2. Kotovnik "Fassena" survives on any soil.
  3. Place under the plant, you can choose sunny. Also suitable a small penumbra.

This plant takes root on any soil. Now you should pay attention to the question of how to properly save the flower over the years.

It is known that the catnip is famous for its unpretentiousness. But if you want to get large and bright flowers, then you should find a sunny place. If you planted catnip seedlings, then you can wait for the results in the first year of life. From seeds you will wait for flowering only in the next season. Further care consists of the following items:

  1. Watering is necessary only on request. Easily tolerates severe drought.
  2. The soil must be loosened. This is especially true of catnip, which is grown for internal use.
  3. After flowering in the autumn period, humus or compost must be introduced.
  4. If you plant a catnip for cutting, it is necessary to fertilize the soil with minerals.
  5. In the second half of the summer, after cutting, leave long stems, which will help the catnip to winter well in the future.

Want to see what the cattle “Fassin” is, the photo below will help you with this. The plant can decorate not only flowerbeds, but paths and orchards. Distantly, the plant resembles lavender, and a mint smell will fill your garden with aroma.

Now that you know what the Fassen cat-cat is, planting and caring for you quite simply, we suggest that you familiarize yourself with the use of the plant.

Until now, not everyone knew what a catnip is, but even fewer people realize its purpose. Kotovnik "Fassin" is grown for the following purposes:

  1. Medical. First of all, it is worth saying that the plant is able to increase heart contractions by about 40%. Infusion of this herb helps to get rid of inflammation in the throat and normalize the work of the gastrointestinal tract. For people with a weak nervous system and frequent depressions, an infusion of catnip is indicated. And finally, remember that with its help you can clean the blood.
  2. Edible. Freshly cut leaves of catnip are used as seasoning for salting and pickling fish. It is also the perfect complement to meat and poultry.

Today you met with such an amazing plant as the cattle "Fassin". Growing a flower is simple, but you get a lot of benefits. Only when applying it is necessary to adhere to some nuances.

Contraindications

There is a certain group of people who are not recommended to use the catnip. These include:

  1. People with tachycardia.
  2. It is strictly forbidden to use during pregnancy and lactation.
  3. Individual intolerance.
  4. The grass consists of a large number of components. Because of this, allergic reactions can occur.
  5. Before using tinctures and decoctions, it is recommended to consult a doctor.

Novice growers often wonder how to get rid of the constant influx of cats. After all, the cattery "Fassen" strongly attracts these animals. Experienced gardeners are advised to plant valerian near the plant. She will attract fluffy couch potatoes to her. There are some more recommendations:

  • the catnip is considered to be the ideal neighbor for roses, as it repels aphids well,
  • on a bed it is ideally combined with gypsophila, chamomile, enothero and various coniferous plantations,
  • Experienced gardeners plant feline grass next to greenhouses, where you need to attract a large number of bees for pollination of vegetable crops.

Today we told you about catnip, examined the most interesting varieties and learned how to grow it properly. Now you know that they can not only decorate flowerbeds, but be used for therapeutic and culinary purposes. And if you need to save other plants from various fungal diseases and insects, then you will not find a better neighbor.

Where are used cattle Fassen

The history of the origin of the name of the plant is not exactly known, but the scent, like a magnet, attracts feline representatives. Kotovnik Fassena is popular not only with cats, it is also actively used in aromatherapy. Essential oil from the plant's flowers relaxes well and increases emotional tone.

In medieval times, catnip was credited with magical properties. With his help, the chosen one was charmed, putting dried flowers under his pillow. Sorcerers used powdered grass to summon an evil spirit to gain power over the beasts.

Features of catcher Fassen

Котовник Фассена (Nepeta faassenii) отличается длительным и обильным цветением и имеет сходство с цветками лаванды, а аромат привлекает кошек, как запах валерьянки. Природный ареал растения - североамериканские, азиатские и европейские страны, поэтому преимущественно выращиваются в средней и южной полосе. The optimal condition for development is the temperature regime within 15-22 degrees.

Kotovnik Fassena is not only able to decorate the local area, but is also actively used in aromatherapy.

Fassena is a descendant of the catnip nepetella and mussini. An adult plant reaches a height of just over half a meter. During the flowering period, the bushes are densely covered with fragrant flowers, so they are actively used in landscape design for decoration of borders and alpine slides. Effectively combined with roses.

The shoots of the catnip fassen are covered with grayish-green leaves, and the elongated inflorescences covered with flowers have various lilac-purple shades. It blooms from the beginning of summer to mid-autumn, but re-flowering is also possible if the flowering inflorescences are removed on time.

Most often in flowerbeds you can find three varieties of plants:

  • "Six Hills Giant" reaches a height of 60 cm and is characterized by saturated blue buds. The flowering period is May-September.
  • "Blue Wonder" dwarf variety, which grows no higher than 22 cm. Forms inflorescences of clear sky color with a bright azure shade. With the right landing you can achieve the illusion of a running stream.
  • "Walkers Low" plant is half a meter tall, forms pale lilac flowers.

Kotovnik Fassena belongs to ornamental plants and has no medicinal properties, however, it is effectively used in aromatherapy.

Planting rules

Kotovnik Fassena will take root and will grow in every corner of the garden plot, because the plant is quite unpretentious. But to achieve an annual abundant and long flowering you need to follow certain rules:

  • Choose for the catnip sunny places and soils rich in lime.
  • When planting, you need to take care of quality drainage, so as not to stagnate moisture. The plant does not tolerate this.
  • Bleached shoots should be shortened by half to stimulate further lush flowering.
  • Propagate the plant by seed, cuttings or root division. At the same time it is necessary to observe the correct dates.
  • Best of all kotnik fassena in places where previously grew potatoes, cucumbers, tomatoes, cabbage and other vegetables.

To plant a catnip you need to prepare a place in advance. For this, after cleaning the predecessors:

  • the soil is cleared of weeds and treated, preventing its re-germination
  • After half a month, the ground needs to be dug up to a depth of 35 cm, removing the preserved weed roots
  • to restore soil fertility, fertilizers are applied in the form of rotted manure or compost and garden mineral mixture. You can also use complex fertilizers consisting of ammonium sulfate, superphosphate and potassium chloride
  • form the beds and carefully level the ground

Any soil and any place in the garden is suitable for the cattle fassen, but best of all it will show its decorative properties in the sun.

Breeding methods for catnip

Kotovnik Fassena can be propagated by seed, seedling or root division:

  1. Seed propagation. It involves sowing seeds in open ground, which is carried out in the spring or autumn (after the frost has set) period. Sowing can be done in rows, keeping the distance between them at 30-50 cm, and between the seeds - 3-5 cm, or a solid carpet, but this method involves the subsequent thinning. Seeds are sunk into the soil by one centimeter. To seedlings were friendly, before sowing the seeds should be mixed with peat or sand in a ratio of 1: 2. By autumn, seed material is placed on prepared furrows and added dropwise with earth or sand. Shoots appear next year at the end of April. If sowing is done in spring, the emergence of seedlings is expected in 1-1.5 weeks. The seedlings must be weeded carefully, and when the first pair of leaves appears, the crops should be thinned, leaving an interval of 14-17 cm, and later - 23-27. Remote shoots can be transplanted to a new location. When young bushes grow up to 10-15 cm, you need to make the first feeding with mullein or bird droppings diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 5 or 1:10, respectively. Flowering will come next year in the spring and a year later - in the autumn.
  2. Seedling method. To obtain a seedling material, it is necessary to sow the seeds in a container in March. If the shoots are thick, then they dive in different containers. The plants should not be allowed to stretch out and place them in a well-lit place. If growth is inhibited, the sprouts need to be fed twice with complex mineral fertilizers. After the formation of two pairs of full-fledged leaves, you can plant a young cattle Fassen in the soil, but only if there are no frost. Flowering occurs in the year of spring disembarkation.
  3. Division of the root. This method is applicable every 3-5 years and spend it in early spring or late fall. The plant is dug out, carefully clean the roots from the soil is divided into several fragments and planted separately. Each fragment should have roots and 3-4 buds.

Plant Care Tips

Kotovnik Fassena won the love of summer residents with his unpretentiousness. But to get the inflorescences of large and bright flowers you need to follow the advice of professionals:

  • watering is carried out exclusively after the soil dries out, because the catnip is able to easily survive the drought, and does not tolerate overwetting
  • regular loosening of the soil is carried out in order to ensure access of oxygen to the root system
  • after flowering fertilized with humus or compost
  • when planting cattle Fassen for cutting you need to make mineral complexes
  • after cutting in July-August, you need to leave long shoots that contribute to a successful wintering

With proper care, the catnip will grow rapidly and soon will not only decorate the garden, but will fill it with a fragrant smell.

What can threaten catnip and how to deal with it

If the catnip grows not on black earth soils, it rarely gets sick. Sometimes, with excessive moisture, powdery mildew can be attacked, which is fought with systemic insecticides. But if the plant is grown for consumption, then such measures should be abandoned. To defeat the disease, you need to dig up and destroy all damaged bushes, and healthy spray with soap and alkaline solution (soap, diluted with water) or infusions of herbs wormwood and garlic.

Pests do not tolerate the smell of catnip, but this does not apply to cicadas, whose attacks will not cause significant damage.

Over time, the leaves may appear necrotic spots. Such sheets should be removed.

Types of catnip with photos

Catnip (catnip) is one of the most popular varieties. It reaches a height of one meter, in Russia it blooms in early or mid-summer. Grade "Citriodora" is used to obtain the essential oil of high cost.

Success with gardeners use ::

  • Kotovnik Fassena - a species that is a hybrid and is used to create landscape design compositions. In height reaches forty centimeters. Known varieties with flowers of different colors. They are white, cream and purple.
  • Kotovnik Mussini grows on the Caucasian rocky slopes. It is a plant with a very thin root, grayish stems, thin leaves of a wrinkled structure and lilac petals.
  • Kotovnik Yezk - an endangered species, a perennial with a pleasant aroma. It reaches a meter high and is characterized by straight and thick stems.
  • Multi-thread cattle grows in nature in Siberia, the Far East and Altai. Grass reaches a height of between fifteen and fifty centimeters. It is a bush with stems, on which leaves with jagged edges and inflorescences in the form of spikes grow.
  • Half-eared cattle It is distinguished by especially large flowers that are three to four centimeters in diameter.. The inflorescence is ten centimeters long and is formed from seventy flowers.
  • Large-flowered Cotovik (Siberian) grows up to one and a half meters in height and has thick stems with branching, on which are large leaves and racemes inflorescences. Petals are painted in violet-blue or lilac shades.
  • Ancestral cattle refers to undersized varieties (about twenty-five centimeters). It blooms with bluish or blue buds. The small size makes it possible to use the species as a ground cover plant.
  • Kokand cattle grows in Central Asia on the coast of streams and rivers. It is a stunted variety, therefore it is often used in landscape design. In August dissolves purple flowers.

Features of growing plants in open ground

Planting and care in the open field require compliance with certain conditions. Kotovnik planted in a well-lit area with light and fertile soil. Suitable place and with a slight dimming. The root system of catnip does not tolerate excessive moisture of the soil, therefore, it is recommended to select a site on a hill where moisture will not stagnate.

Soil preparation begins in the autumn period.

They dig up the earth on a spade bayonet and mix with three kilograms of compost, twenty grams of ammonium nitrate, thirty grams of superphosphate and ten grams of potassium sulfate. In the spring, after the snow melts, the soil is carefully loosened, and then seedlings of catnies are planted. After planting, young plants are watered, and after a day they gently loosen the soil.

When grown in the southern regions, grass seeds can be sown in the fall or early spring immediately into open ground. Perennial grass can grow in one place for a long time. If the task is to create a solid carpet of catnip, the holes for each bush are dug out at a distance of thirty centimeters. After the abundant growth of plants, they join and form a single carpet.

Kotovnik loves well lit places and fertile soils.

Required plant care

The plant can endure a dry period, but it is negative for excessive soil moisture: the root system rots. For this reason, the catnip is watered moderately, about twice a month, provided there is no rain.

After flowering, it is necessary to prune shoots, cutting off exactly half of the entire length.

The procedure should be approached carefully, because the grass is very sensitive to pruning. It is impossible to shorten the shoots more than the recommended length. If you leave the stems to a length of ten to fifteen centimeters, the chance of survival during the winter will be equal to only forty percent.

If you leave the shoots forty to fifty centimeters above the ground, the chance will increase to eighty percent. In thirty days, the catnip will grow noticeably and in September it will begin to bloom again. In the spring, the grass is fed with nitrogen fertilizers, and in the fall, organic fertilizer is added to the soil.

After the end of flowering, the catnip must be cut.

Periodically, planting catnip free from weeds through weeding and loosen. Loosening contributes to the pomp of shrubs and the active formation of green mass. If winter is predicted to be warm and snowy, the plant can not be covered. However, to survive the harsh winter, the cattle requires mulching with pine spruce branches.

Pests and diseases

The herb has remarkable immunity, which protects it from attack by pests and the appearance of diseases. Catnip scares off some insects, for example, bugs and aphids are afraid of it. With the help of the herb, it is possible to protect pests from nearby cultures.

However, butterflies love the scent of grass and lay eggs, from which then emerge caterpillars, damaging the plant. It is recommended to fight parasites with the help of natural products that do not harm the bees pollinating the catnip. The plant is almost immune to disease. Experienced gardeners say that with proper care and maintenance of conditions, the catnip is not affected by any disease.

Use in landscape design and in combination with other plants

Despite the fairly simple appearance of the plant, consisting of small inflorescences and fluffy leaves, with the correct location of the catnip looks very impressive. A variety of species allows you to make different compositions. Kotovnik used to create alpine slides, rockeries and mixborders.

Kotovnik combines well with many plants.

It is located in the center of the flower bed as the dominant shrub. Not too tall plants are used to create rabatok and decoration borders. In the neighborhood planted low varieties of colors of purple and blue colors, as well as red and yellow shades. Kotovnik looks great in compositions with phlox, meadow geranium, anafalis, santolina.

The use of catnip in medicine, perfumery and cooking

Kotovnik is widely used in traditional medicine. It is known that it relieves inflammation, soothes, relieves heat and pain, fights germs, removes worms, and also has a diaphoretic, choleretic and antispasmodic action. The herb causes appetite, normalizes digestion, helps with coughing, migraines, shortness of breath and other diseases. The plant is used externally and ingested.

To get rid of depression, chopped dry grass is added to boiling water and infused for one hour (a tablespoon per 300 ml of water). The infusion is taken three times a day, drinking half a glass. Infusion is effective in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and head pain. A small spoonful of herbs is added to 200 ml of boiling water, taking liquid three times a day in a tablespoon.

Kotovnik used for veterinary purposes, if you need to calm the cat. The plant acts on the representatives of the cat family in a magical way: animals become kind, friendly and calm down. Companies producing perfume products use herb essential oil as a substitute for lemon balm.

Kotovnik is used in veterinary medicine: it calms cats well

In European countries, catnip is actively used for culinary purposes. As a spice, the plant is added to preservation and marinades. Herb flavor fish and meat dishes, sauces and even drinks. In Europe, you can try tea, brewed from catnip, and dessert masterpiece with the addition of catnip essential oil.

With proper care, the catnip will delight the gardener for a long time. In addition to the role of decoration, he will play the role of a garden nurse, scaring off pests from other cultures.

Kotovnik is often confused with melissa - the plants are quite similar. You can get acquainted with the differences of these aromatic herbs from the video clip. Enjoy watching!

Nepeta faassenii

Kotovnik Fassena (lat. Nepeta faassenii) is a low perennial blooming in pleasant purple panicles with an abundance of small flowers. It was obtained in Holland by crossing N. racemosa and N. nepetella in the 1930s. In the people it is called "catnip".

Curtains low 30-60cm. Forms a loose gray-green pillow, consisting of a large number of lodging shoots, looking to the sky. Egg-shaped leaves of this plant are small with slight pubescence. All parts of the plant have a bizarre scent that attracts feline animals and predatory insects to protect your garden.

From June to August, several rows of small lavender flowers with violet tones are formed at the ends of each shoot.

Kotovnik Fassena has excellent frost resistance (zone 4) and winter freely to -30 ° C.. The main condition is the presence of snow, as the surface root system is not able to withstand prolonged cold.
He likes to grow in sunny places and is able to withstand partial shade. It is undemanding to soils, but for better development it is worth using lighter substrates. It has a good drought tolerance, if it grows in 1 place less than 2 years.

Kotovnik Fassena - "unpretentious purple carpet" with a pleasant aroma. It is good for filling up space on an alpine slide, creating curbs, as well as group landings, where it is discharged to land in order to shine with its magnificence. It is a good complement to cereals, creeping euonymus, interesting in conjunction with ivy and girlish grapes, perfectly combined with ground-cover plants. With it, you can create amazing flower beds in heavenly colors.

Care for catnip

The soil for growing catnip should be dug to a depth of about 25 cm. Since autumn 2 - 3 kilograms of compost or humus per square meter are brought into it. In the absence of organic matter, you can use complex mineral fertilizers such as azofoski or Kemira-station wagon. Seedlings are planted in rows, with a distance of about 30 cm between stems.

The plant is thermophilic, but if the growing season allows, you can sow the seeds directly into the ground, before winter or in spring. At the same time, it is better to mulch them with a thin layer of humus or peat in order to avoid the formation of a soil crust, through which small seeds will have to grow with great difficulty. Spring shoots begin to appear three weeks after sowing.

For the catnip, planted for cutting aromatic herbs, additional care is needed. Он состоит в обязательном рыхлении междурядий не менее двух раз за сезон и подкормке минеральными удобрениями, которую проводят после каждой срезки. Для этого берут 10 грамм суперфосфата и такое же количество аммиачной селитры на каждый квадратный метр. Можно также применять Растворин, Кемиру-люкс или другие универсальные удобрения.

The highest growth rate is observed during budding.. A green harvest is recommended during the flowering period. After cutting the catnip grows pretty quickly and manages to bloom again.

Catnip can spend the winter without shelter. But in particularly cold winters, it may die if it was weakened by drought or intense cutting. Therefore, cutting it too low in the second half of the summer is not recommended.

The use of catnip for medicinal purposes

Experiments on animals have shown that the plant increases the amplitude of heart contractions by approximately 40%., thereby speeding up the heart rhythm. Thus, with natural tachycardia, this natural drug is contraindicated, but patients with a diagnosis of bradycardia can provide effective help. The herb is used only in traditional medicine. The choleretic and antibacterial effect of infusions from this plant has been noted for a long time. Folk healers are actively using them to improve appetite and overcome cardiac neurosis.

In addition, herbal extracts have proven themselves in the treatment of gastritis with low acidity of gastric juice. This medicinal plant is often used to combat constipation, intestinal atony, and to overcome stagnation in the biliary tract and gall bladder. In addition, this healing natural product helps to more effectively cope with bronchitis, cough and a number of colds. It has a beneficial effect on the nervous system in depression and hysteria.

Blood-purifying properties of the herb will be useful in the treatment of furunculosis. Due to its bactericidal properties, it is widely used to kill insect parasites and eliminate purulent skin diseases. In combination with other herbs, catnip is used in alternative medicine for a number of intestinal and gastric diseases. It has a calming effect, so it is better to take drugs from it before bedtime.

Infusion: catnip, chamomile flowers, valerian root and hops should be mixed in equal proportions, pour 3 tablespoons of the mixture with two cups of water, boil for 5 minutes, then strain. For effective treatment should drink half a glass of infusion before eating. Course duration is 3 weeks. This infusion helps to cope with insomnia.

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