General information

All about the use of horse manure


Many articles have already been written about the benefits of organic fertilizers. The use of compost, humus, as well as various types of manure is bearing fruit - the yields of vegetables and fruits increase, the vegetative mass of the flowers on the flowerbeds increases more actively, and the flowering takes place more abundantly. Yes, and indoor plants also require fertilizing with organic matter.

Many experienced gardeners and flower growers put horse manure at a special place. And it is not only used in the preparation of warm beds in the garden, but also it has a large number of advantages, among other types of manure.

The benefits of this organic type of fertilizer, composition, application for fertilizing of cultivated plants (and not only) will be written below.

The benefits of horse manure for plants

All components of horse manure contribute to the active growth of the aerial parts of cultivated plants, as well as the root system. These ingredients improve the composition of the soil, contribute to the development of beneficial soil microflora, loosen the earth. Horse manure warms the ground well and quickly, which is especially valuable when preparing greenhouses for early planting seedlings or seeds (at a time when there is not enough heat outside), and it also cools slowly enough - and this is its main advantage over cow manure.

The main positive qualities of horse manure:

  • lower moisture content
  • smaller mass with a larger volume
  • decomposes faster in soil
  • higher content of macro and micronutrients in the composition,
  • warms up better and faster
  • gives off good heat to the environment
  • contains less seed weeds,
  • practically does not contain pathogenic microorganisms in its composition (which is typical for other types of manure),
  • due to the large number of macro and microelements, it increases the yield of vegetable plants and fruit trees and shrubs better and faster,
  • improves the composition of heavy soils, quickly loosening them,
  • when applied to light soil (sandy, sandy sand) helps retain moisture,
  • when introduced into the soil does not contribute to its acidification.

It is no wonder that horse manure is so highly valued by specialists - just look at its composition and also pay attention to its beneficial properties. It has a much higher content of well-absorbed nitrogen than in cow and pig. It is much lighter in weight, increases the temperature of the soil in warm beds faster, decomposes faster. And the smell inherent in all types of manure, it has virtually none.

The percentage of basic substances that make up the horse manure is as follows:

  • water - up to 68 - 70%,
  • Organic - 18 - 20%,
  • potassium - 0.3 - 0.7%,
  • nitrogen 0,2 - 0,8%,
  • phosphorus - 0.2 - 0.37%,
  • Calcium - 0.33 - 0.35%.

How to apply horse manure

Horse manure can be used at different times of the year, depending on its quality indicators - they are based on the plants that make up the litter and how long the manure matures.

Horse feces, seasoned with peat, are considered the best variety of this organic fertilizer. And the worst - feces, mixed with sawdust. But the most accessible and effective horse manure, coupled with straw. This species absorbs water best of all, does not allow nitrogen to be rapidly excreted, and very well loosens any type of soil.

As a fertilizer, horse feces are used in the following states:

  • fresh
  • half rotted
  • completely swollen,
  • like humus.

It is easy to determine visually how fresh this organic fertilizer is: the fresher the fertilizer, the less the bed litter that makes up its composition, its color and structure have not yet been slightly changed. And the darker the structure of the fertilizer - the more perepere this manure.

In the autumn, it is most preferable to use fresh horse feces for application to the ground - in this case, although they release more heat and nitrogen, they cannot burn the tender roots of vegetable plants. It is also effective to make a completely rotted horse manure (which has matured for at least 4 years). During this time, straw, sawdust or other types of litter rot completely, turning into a state in which plants perceive it better. And manure itself penetrates a sufficiently large number of beneficial microorganisms, the odor characteristic of feces disappears, it becomes more crumbly, is saturated with a sufficient amount of moisture.

In order for this fertilizer to bring the greatest benefit when preparing beds in closed ground in spring, it is laid in the soil to a depth of no more than 0.4m.

And during the preparation of such beds from the fall, the depth of this type of organic matter is 0.5 m, a layer of straw is placed on top, and then covered with soil (the thickness of this layer is not less than 0.35 cm).

As the most effective biofuel in greenhouse conditions, this type of manure can be mixed with other organic matter for early plantings in the greenhouse:

  • horse manure is mixed with straw or food remains (it is necessary to take equal shares of these substances),
  • in any proportions - with other types of manure,
  • with peat fertilizer or sawdust (in the ratio 3: 2).

To prepare spring greenhouses, these proportions should be slightly different:

  • the manure from under the cows and horses is taken in equal parts,
  • horse manure and last year’s leaves - at a ratio of 7: 3.

On large fields, this type of organic matter is usually brought in for autumn plowing, but in spring it can only be brought in under cultivated plants that have a long growing season. The rate of its introduction - on 1 m 2 5 - 6 kg. It is necessary to plow this organic matter immediately in order to prevent the volatilization of the nitrogen entering into its composition.

A horse manure solution is used as root dressing of cultivated plants. To do this, a kilogram of sawdust is diluted in a bucket of water and two kilograms of this fertilizer are infused for 14 days, periodically stirring this mixture. It should be brought under the roots, but the plants must be watered beforehand.

As mulch, you can use either well-rotted manure, or humus from this type of organic matter. The thickness of this layer must be at least 5 cm.

Currently, this type of organic fertilizer can be purchased at almost any large specialty store. Moreover, its packaging may be different:

  • horse manure slurry,
  • organic fertilizer granules,
  • packaged in bags of 49 - 450 liters of dry fertilizer (35-40 kg).

Since it was not profitable for summer residents to buy horse manure with large machines, horse manure was not in great demand from them. With the advent of small packages of this organic fertilizer, consumer demand for it has increased dramatically. And most often it is acquired by summer residents or lovers of indoor flowering plants.

Apply the "horse apples" as follows:

  • it is recommended to bring fresh organic matter into the soil when digging a vegetable garden in autumn. However, in this case about 50% of all the nutrients contained in manure can decompose over the winter
  • in springtime, fresh “horse apples” can be added to vegetable crops with a long growing season (white cabbage or potatoes),
  • on 1 square. m should be made about 5 kg of this organic matter. For reference: in a usually 10-liter bucket fits about 7.5 kg of horse manure, and mixed with sawdust - about 4.5 - 5 kg.

What plants need this organic fertilizer

Horse manure is used to fertilize the soil used for melons and gourds - watermelons and melons. In this case, the yields of these melons grow dramatically. And if you warm up the beds for melon crops with this “biofuel” (whose burning temperature is about 31-33 ° C), you can even grow watermelons in Western Siberia or in the Urals.

When fertilizing this organic vegetable garden, these vegetables will delight their crops:

Moreover, the latter will form huge shrubs with fleshy “trunks” on manured soil and will be able to tolerate frosts without being harbored, only it will have to be pruned under the root of the onset of frost.

It is possible and during the season to feed the plants with a liquid solution of this organic fertilizer. Fertilizer is diluted in water in a ratio of 1: 200 and infused for 2 to 3 days in a warm place. Fermented mixture is diluted again with water in the ratio of 1:10 and water any vegetables under the root.

What plants are harmful manure

In general, vegetable manure is very useful. However, you should not get involved in the introduction of horse manure, especially containing not completely rotten straw, in the beds on which root crops are grown.

Carrots, onions, beets, radishes, radishes - with the growth of the underground part, these crops can stumble upon straw and deform (split, bend). Therefore, it is better n in the process of their growth to make liquid fertilizer fertilizer.

Gardeners reviews

Vegetable growers increasingly began to use organic fertilizers and, in particular, horse manure to feed the garden. Using different types of manure and bird droppings, they note the greatest efficiency of such fertilizer as horse manure. And even if this kind of organic only conducts regular fertilizing during the season, the result is excellent:

  • plants grow vegetative mass well,
  • the yield of vegetable crops rises sharply.

Also, gardeners note the advantages when using this type of organic matter to create warm beds in greenhouses: the earth warms quickly, the plants therefore grow quickly and the harvest begins to ripen earlier.

What is so useful horse manure

Horse feces are very rich in composition, they contain nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus, calcium and other organic substances. All of this in the complex as a powerful catalyst affects vegetation growth and soil yield. Hot discussions about the advisability of using horse manure as fertilizer are quite often found on blogs and on forums of horticultural websites. Some people make fun of this method, arguing that you can not worry too much, do not suffer from unpleasant odors and buy normal bait in stores. Others talk about the miraculous results of the systematic use of this organic matter at their dachas.

Whatever it was, but the benefits of horse manure for the garden and garden are proven by many years of use in the agricultural and agricultural industries: its use helps to achieve higher yields of garden and garden crops, increasing their resistance to diseases and negative external factors.

Horse manure has great advantages over other types of organic fertilizers (for example, mullein, pork, chicken, goat manure) - it is lighter, drier, and rapidly decomposes. It warms up better (burning temperature is 70-80 ºС) and gives off heat faster, while it cools more slowly (it is able to hold heat for two months). In addition, it is practically not affected by pathogenic microflora.

If horse humus is used as a fertilizer for the soil, then it can be achieved with greater fertility. It loosens the soil well and does not contribute to its acidification, saturates with carbon dioxide, maintains normal air, heat and water balance, replenishes nutrient reserves. No other fertilizers and fertilizing can have such a unique effect.

Horse Manure Types

Horse manure as a fertilizer has been used in various forms, depending on the degree of decomposition: fresh, semi-reabsorbed, pererevshim, in the state of humus. Consider the advantages of each of them.

For soil fertilizer most often use fresh manure. It produces more heat and nitrogen. It is necessary to understand that fresh humus is dangerous for plants, because it can burn their roots. Therefore, the best time when you can fertilize the earth with horse manure is autumn, after digging the vegetable garden. After all, if you make it before the onset of winter, then by the spring planting he will have time to decompose and will go greenery only benefit.

Also, fresh manure is used to prepare a liquid feed.

Half broken

The remains of organic matter in the excrement of this species is dark brown and can easily lose its structure. Garden crops (zucchini, cabbage, cucumbers) and flowers are fed by half-dung manure. Use it in a semi-liquid form when digging. In the second year after fertilizer, it is good to plant potatoes, carrots, beets, tomatoes, and strawberries in such a plot. Suitable for mulching roses.

Good rot

Dead manure is a uniform black mass. It is half lighter than fresh. This organic fertilizer soil and used as a substrate for seedlings in proportion: 2 parts of the earth to 1 part of the land. Used for fertilizing tomatoes, early potatoes, garden flowers and fruit trees.

Humus - this is the last stage of decomposition of horse defecation, in this form of organic matter is the most useful and has been used as a feed for absolutely all garden and garden crops and flowers.

General information

For fertilizer garden in autumn, after harvesting, fresh manure is laid with a layer of 50 cm. From above it is covered with a layer of straw and covered with 30-35 cm thick earth. It is important not to overdo it. Norm - 600-800 g per 100 sq. M. m, if compost is used, then - 100-200 g per 100 sq. m. m

With the spring organization of the greenhouse manure is laid a layer of 20-30 cm under the soil. The rate of addition is 4-6 kg per 1 sq. Km. m of land. It is desirable to carry out soil disinfection with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. The beds are covered with polyethylene for two days, after which you can start planting seeds.

For the preparation of liquid dressing adhere to such proportions: in 10 l of water mix 2 kg of manure, 1 kg of sawdust and insist for two weeks, stirring regularly, and then diluted with water 1: 6. Also for irrigation under the root, you can use a solution of 1 kg of manure in 10 liters of water.

Fertilizer for potatoes

Horse manure is ideal for potatoes. Fresh name is better to make the plot where you plan to plant potatoes in the fall. Although gardeners are more and more inclined to use for feeding half-burnt potato manure.

Since the growth and development of tubers takes a long time, horse droppings are allowed in the spring (5 kg per 1 sq. M). Sometimes manure is poured right into the hole where the potatoes are planted, mixing it with the ground. It is noticed that at the same time larger fruits grow.

Fertilizer berries

Horse feces are well suited for feeding and planting berry crops, in particular, strawberries and strawberries. Feeding is produced with a solution prepared from 1 part of manure and 10 parts of water. Before use, the mixture is infused for 24 hours.

For planting berries, it is necessary to use dry horse manure, its application is simple - three buckets are put in advance on the beds. Also with the help of a compost of horse land, straw and leaves, you can mulch between rows of raspberries, strawberries and strawberries, laying a layer of 5-10 cm thick.

Cool way

It is preferable to keep manure cold. So he will lose less nitrogen and will not overheat. It is very important to properly stack with minimal oxygen supply. To stack the piles, it is necessary to choose the appropriate place - dig a hole or build a barrier. Straw, peat, hay, sawdust with a layer of 20-30 cm are poured on the bottom of the allotted platform, then manure is laid with a height of 13-15 cm and 1.5-2 m wide. There can be several layers up to a height of 1.5 m. For the winter, you can cover it with foil. During storage, it is necessary to ensure that the name does not become overwetted and overdry.

When to use manure as a fertilizer is not recommended

Despite the solid advantages of the horse farm, There are several rules when applying this organic is not worth it. Here are the main ones:

  • if there is plaque of fungal origin on the land, it loses its ability to warm up and is not suitable for use in greenhouses,
  • if there is a dense soil in the greenhouse - due to the slow decomposition in this type of soil, the released methane and hydrogen sulfide will adversely affect the plant roots,
  • be careful to put in the hole with potatoes - scab infection is possible.
Hopefully, we were able to convince you that horse manure is an excellent and effective fertilizer for use in gardening and farming. In the garden with such an additive, except for potatoes, melons, celery, and spinach are excellent.

Use it on your site or not, you decide. Just as you choose how you will get it - you will collect and store it yourself or purchase it in store packages.

Chemical composition of horse manure

Traditionally, horse manure is considered nitrogen fertilizer. But the chemical analysis of this material shows that it contains not only nitrogen, but also other plant nutrients:

The table shows that horse manure contains a lot of silicon - even more than nitrogen. This nuance is worth focusing on.

Horse manure has an alkaline reaction (pH 8.0-9.0), therefore it is useful for fertilizing acidic soils, making them more suitable for growing most cultivated plants.

Кремний – элемент, который играет важную роль как в поддержании плодородия земель, так и в развитии растений:

  • Он участвует в построении стенок растительной клетки, делая их более прочными, благодаря чему спорам болезнетворных микроорганизмов становится трудно сквозь них прорастать.
  • Silicon strengthens all mechanical fibers, and cultures become resistant to lodging under stressful conditions - during drought, waterlogging, and hurricane winds.
  • The energy of flowering and fruiting increases significantly.
  • Silicic acid, in the form of which silicon is present in manure, improves the absorption of phosphorus, nitrogen and boron by plants and protects the roots from the toxic action of harmful oxides.

Proceeding from this, horse manure should be considered not nitrogen, but complex organic fertilizer enriched with important trace elements. (see → other types of manure and their use in the garden).

The advantages of horse manure over similar fertilizers

Many have heard that among all types of horse manure - the most valuable. Of course, the more common types of manure (cow and pork) on the percentage of basic nutrients are not much inferior to horse droppings. The benefits are different:

  • High speed of humification. Manure horses completely decomposed and turns into humus in just 2 years. For cow and swine it takes 4-5 years.
  • Relatively low humidity. Due to this, anaerobic putrefactive flora does not develop in the horse's litter.
  • Alkaline reaction. Unlike pig and cow, horse manure does not acidify the soil.

The disadvantage of this fertilizer is one - more expensive than other types of manure. This is due to the fact that the number of horses is much lower than the number of other animals.

The degree of decomposition of horse manure

Like all other types of manure, horse is rarely used fresh. There is no such amount of ammonia in it as in pig or cow, in which urine is mixed with feces. Learn → how to use mullein as a fertilizer, how to make + reviews.However, to increase the nutrient concentration, horse droppings should also decompose.

Experts classify this organic material according to the degrees of decomposition:

  • Fresh - dark brown, with a slightly greenish tint, if the horse was free grazing. The "apples" are shiny, well-shaped.
  • Half-burnt - brown, looser, but still lumpy. "Apples" are dry, easily falling apart when mass is mixed.
  • The quail is brown, friable, crumbly, without pronounced “apples,” in appearance resembles peat.
  • Humus - black, crumbly, with the smell of the earth, without fibers (learn → how to do it yourself).

The best fertilizer can be considered humus obtained from horse manure.

“As the degree of decomposition of manure increases, the percentage of nutrients in it increases. Humus is richer than all other types of manure with nutrients, it decomposes slowly in the soil, releasing its nitrogen gradually. ”

O.I. Buynovsky, a gardening specialist

In addition to increasing the nutritional value, decomposition results in an increase in the content of humic and fulvic acids in the mass. In addition, in the humus is no longer viable weed seeds, spores of microorganisms or helminth eggs.

Important! The decomposition of horse dung is accompanied by a large heat release. No wonder this type of manure is called "hot." The mass in the clamps can warm up to +80 0 C. This contributes to the rehabilitation of organic matter, since the pathogenic flora at such a temperature “burns down”.

Terms, methods and rates of application of horse manure

If the site is practiced a complete digging garden, horse manure is used for autumn refueling of the soil. After harvesting plant residues, the fertilizer is laid out on the ground and digging is done.

If the garden is organized by the constant beds, and in the autumn they are not dug up, you can fill them in the spring. As early as possible, in March, half-over-grown horse “apples” are laid out on the still-cold ground and cover with top hay, peat or chopped straw and black foil. This will allow the soil to warm up faster. After a couple of weeks, the manure is embedded in the soil and is watered with an EM solution.

The ability of horse litter to produce heat is used in the organization of "warm beds":

  • digging a trench 50 cm deep
  • large sawed branches are laid on the bottom,
  • from above fit small moisture-consuming plant organic matter - dry leaves, straw, peat (see → dressing with peat),
  • half-rotted horse droppings are placed on it, it is poured with a warm solution of an EM preparation and covered with a layer of earth,
  • compost layersee →application) or horse humus, once again watered with warm EM-solution and covered by another layer of earth,
  • on top is a mulch made from peat or straw.

The rate of introduction of horse dung “under the shovel” does not depend on the crops grown on the site, soil characteristics or terms of application. It is 6 kg per 1 m 2.

Tip # 1. You can measure the required amount of manure with the help of a standard 10-liter garden bucket. Clean fresh litter fits in it 7.5 kg. So, for filling 1 m 2 of soil you need to take a little less bucket. If manure is taken from the stall and mixed with litter, in one bucket there will be 5 kg of fertilizer. So, for 1 m 2 you need to take a bucket with a slide.

Horse manure types

Initially, this substrate is a mixture of horse feces with a bed of straw, sawdust, or other material used to keep an animal in a stall. However, depending on the method of preparation and storage time, the structure and properties of this organic mass vary significantly. According to the degree of decomposition of the name are divided into 4 types:

Dead manure and humus

Half-ripe manure can be applied to berry bushes, ornamental plants, spinach, squash, cucumbers and cabbage, used in a semi-liquid consistency during digging, and also used for mulching roses. You can fertilize garden flowers, early potatoes, tomatoes, and fruit trees with good rot. Such manure is an excellent mulch material.

Horse humus is especially valuable as a fertilizer. How to apply this type of organic matter is very easy to remember, because it is the final stage of decomposition of any plant residues and the most important component of the soil. Therefore, it is possible to make humus as needed at any time, and it is suitable for all fruit and vegetable crops. Fertilizer significantly improves their taste.

Features fertilized berries

Horse feces are great for growing berries, in particular strawberries and strawberries. But for this purpose, only rotten manure or humus is suitable. In dry form, fertilizer must be applied before planting, and during the growing season apply a liquid feed. Between-rows, it is advisable to mulch with a ten-centimeter layer of compost of soil, straw, and leaves.

Horse Manure Granules

With all its advantages, horse defecation has one significant drawback: it is difficult to reach and even harder to transport. In addition, the technology of preparation and application of this substrate is very time consuming. Therefore, a few years ago appeared on the market granulated horse manure. In addition to compact packaging and ease of use, its advantage is the absence of harmful impurities (they are destroyed by heat treatment).

The most popular fertilizer in granules is horse organic pod. Instructions for use of this drug include the following steps: pour the granules with water and infuse for about five hours until complete dissolution, then mix the mixture thoroughly and water the plants.

When it is impossible to apply

Despite the many advantages of horse manure, there are several limitations, under which there is no use of this organic matter. These include:

  • the presence on the fertilizer of fungal plaque, which will prevent manure from heating up,
  • soil density is too high (hydrogen sulfide and methane emitted by manure will linger in the soil and adversely affect the plants),
  • the presence of crops on which the mineral components of the manure are detrimental,
  • the presence of porsche in the fertilizer (in this case does not apply to potatoes).

Application Reviews

“I was recommended by a horse manure neighbor. It is good that the cottage is in the village, and he (about a miracle) has a live horse! At home I read all the recommendations on the sites, then I listened to my neighbor and decided. My experiment turned out to be quite spectacular: pumpkins of this size grew in my garden for the first time. I am a regular user now. ”

“I heard about“ marmalade for roses ”. I looked for information - I wanted to please my flowers. Indeed, top dressing came in handy: the flowering became longer, and the plant seemed to be stronger ”.

“A horse is a noble animal, it does not eat any nonsense. Naturally, his manure is also more beneficial than chemical fertilizers. I have been working in the land for a long time. I have been using it for a long time and recommend it to you. ”