Euphorbia It is also known by the less elegant, but easily pronounced name Euphorbia. This is a family of plants that can be grown both at home and partially outdoors.
Euphorbia is found in many parts of the world, but most often in Africa, Asia, Europe and South America.
Variety of shapes and sizes It is a great insight into plant life. Some species are great as trees, some are small ground cover species. In total, about 2000 species of euphorbia are known.
Consider how to care for a euphorbia flower.
Leave your African milkweed so much. bright lightas much as possible. While this plant requires at least half a day of direct sunlight, it will endure several hours of diffused light, if necessary.
Put this plant in a warm placewhere the air temperature does not fall below 10 degrees at night. If your African spurge is primarily a home plant, take it out to fresh air when the air temperature is above 13 degrees.
Grow your spurge in a clay pot. This will allow the compost to dry out quickly and prevent root rot. Make up the soil from one part of coarse-grained perlite and three parts of sphagnum.
Water the euphorbia carefully in the period of growthwhen the soil surface feels dry to the touch. Moisten the surface of the soil thoroughly, but do not allow the soil to become too wet.
During the winter dormant period, water the plant only when the soil dries out at 2.50-3 centimeters. If in doubt, it is better to wait some more time.
Feed African spurge two or three times a month during the growth period, From early April to the end of October. Use complex fertilizer or fertilizer for cacti and succulents.
Replant Euphorbia every year in summer between june and july when it grows intensively.
When grown in small pots, plants consume nutrients in the soil very quickly. Wear heavy gloves when you work with euphorbia.
If the specimen is large, you will need outside help to maintain the pot when you take the plant out of it. Replace the soil, it will give new nutrients to your plant and refresh it, provide it with a good shape and help to avoid diseases.
Use a larger pot and an earthen mixture of three parts of sphagnum and one part of coarse-grained perlite.
Video on how to care for indoor euphorbia flowers.
It is impossible to describe in one word all euphorbia, since the different species of this plant are outwardly very different from each other.
Although euphorbia is poisonous, its hardened juice is used for medical purposes. Our people treated euphorbia warts, take it. Hindus use it with snake bites. Also, this plant is used as a laxative and emetic.
But, if it is unreasonable to use it, in too large doses it is possible to get serious burns and even lose sight, therefore we advise you not to resort to treatment (especially independent) with the help of this plant.
Euphorbia species and varieties
Mainly perennial species of euphorbia are grown in culture, spurge fringed. It is a plant that reaches 80 cm, the leaves are round, during the flowering period the leaf edge changes color to white.
Among the perennial species are popular:
Euphorbia Mil - A plant that forms a large thorny bush, the leaves are small. Inflorescences consist of small flowers of red or yellow color.
Euphorbia white-faced - attracts with its similarity with a palm tree, as well as leaves, on which white veins are placed. Unfortunately, over time, the veins disappear color.
Euphorbia triangular - grows very high. The whole is covered with thorns. The leaves are small, sharp. Due to the appearance, this plant is sometimes confused with a cactus. Flowering in the indoor environment does not occur.
Euphorbia cypress - this flower is more suitable for the garden, but since it multiplies too quickly and this often brings trouble, this spurge grows in rooms. But if you still decide to plant it in the garden, the cultivation will be very easy, since it requires almost no maintenance.
Euphorbia Pallas - a low flower with a rhizome similar to ginseng and sometimes charlatans even pass it off as ginseng.
Multicolor spurge - a very beautiful plant that forms a bush, on which many yellow flowers are formed.
Euphorbia spruce - This plant has a not very attractive appearance and is very rarely grown as an ornamental.
Euphorbia care at home
Virtually all types of milkweed, despite the differences, require similar home care conditions. For example, all plants of this species require a large amount of bright light.
They are not sensitive to humidity, but prefer dry air. Spraying is not required, and cleaning is done with a brush. The best temperature in the period of growth varies around 25ºC, and during rest it should not fall below 10ºC. Place euphorbia in places that are protected from children and animals, as it is poisonous.
Room spurting when growing does not cause problems and almost does not require care. If the summer is too warm, then, despite the resistance to heat, it is advisable to shade during the hot hours. Also in the summer it can be taken out to fresh air. Watering euphorbia need rarely, no more than once a week, and in the period of rest, and even less. In winter, do not place the flower near the batteries.
Feed milkweed can be fertilizer for cacti. You can perform this procedure at any time of the year except winter. Euphorbia does not like frequent transplantation, so this operation cannot be performed more than once for a couple of years.
It is necessary to replant a flower in the spring at the beginning of the vegetation period. Land for transplantation can be purchased, and you can make it yourself from sand, peat and a mixture of sod land with leaf in equal shares. Also need to do in the tank for transplant drainage.
Prune euphorbia need after flowering. To be removed are too elongated, as well as dry stems, shoots.
Euphorbia mile can be propagated by dividing the bush
The plant is divided into parts, without the use of any aids, such as knives. If you still need to make a cut, then only a sterile object. Then the places of breaks or cuts are powdered with crushed coal and seated in separate containers.
After such a procedure, spurge will recover for a long time and may look sluggish and will not bloom.
This plant contains poisonous juice, enveloping every bit of a flower. It is because of this poisonous juice, like milk, Euphorbia has received a second name. It is worth noting that although Euphorbia is a poisonous flower, it is not only possible to keep and grow it at home, but it is necessary, because the plant does not adversely affect the atmosphere, but, on the contrary, is able to purify the air and create a positive microclimate.
Euphorbia is a genus with many subspecies. Naturally, most gardeners are attracted to home-grown plant varieties that are somewhat similar to other home-grown flowers. The common scarlet flower resembles the stellat variety, and the cactus is a kind of horrid.
You can pick up spurgeons for any interior, with it the design will look more complete. Potted varieties: mix, gabizan, decary, rubra and suzanna are best suited to the collection for lovers of unusual colors. Care at home for such varieties is not difficult if you know how to water them and grow them.
In addition to these, there is Euphorbia:
- man root
- fat and bright
- globular and papillary,
- jellyfish head,
- crown of thorns
Proper care for euphorbia at home
This flower is poisonous, but if you take precautions, it can be grown at home. The milky sap provokes poisoning, so you need to wear gloves and wash your hands with soap during the care of this plant.
It is important to choose the optimal place for the plant, since the growth of some varieties can reach 3 m.
In order to grow a flower, attention should be paid to its location. Spurge is a light-loving plant, so you need to install a flower so that it gets daylight. Thanks to this measure, it will actively grow and delight the eye. Although spurge and take root in any climate, the most favorable for it will be a temperature of 25 ° C.
Watering and feeding
For watering Euphorbia need to defend the water for several days. Chlorinated water should not be watered, otherwise white stains on the trunk or leaves may appear. Water temperature for irrigation should be at room temperature. From spring to winter, they are watered once a week, and in winter - once every 15 days or as needed. Spurge should sometimes be sprayed: 1 time in 2 weeks is enough. Feed euphorbia 1 time in 30 days. Fertilizers are used for both cacti and succulents.
Top dressing needs to be chosen such that it contains all minerals in equal quantities, otherwise one element may be missing, and the second will be overkill. From this leaves on the plant may turn yellow.
In the spring, the flower spends nutrients on active growth. If the metabolism in the flower structure changes, then such a plant becomes vulnerable to pests. Various insects attack only the flowers, which have impaired metabolism. In a healthy succulent, a special invisible film is released that repels insects.
Rules for transplanting Euphorbia
To make the plant feel good, it must be placed in drained loose soil. It can be done independently, for this you should take a little bit of land, peat and sand, another option is to buy ready-made. Euphorbia should be planted in wide, but not very deep pots.
In order for the plant to feel good, you should prepare the pot itself.
There should be drainage holes in the pot so that the water does not stagnate. At the bottom should be put clay or stone chips. After the bottom of the pot is prepared, pour the prepared or prepared mixture into it.
In such conditions, the planting will be successful and the plant will feel great.
You also need to remember that the flower should be on time and properly transplanted. As a rule, do it in the spring. The young plant should be transplanted only once a year, and the older one - once every 2-3 years. In case of transplantation of euphorbia, we should not forget in any case, it is important to observe all precautions, and after the procedure it is recommended to wash your hands several times with soap. The flower should be placed in such a way that neither children nor animals have access to it.
Ultimately, Euphorbia is an excellent choice for anyone who wants to diversify the design of his apartment and is not indifferent to ornamental plants. Care for the bush requires a small, indoor species contain poisonous juice, and therefore one of the main rules when working with them is to wear gloves, otherwise there will be a burn. Planting does not cause much difficulty, reproduction is carried out mainly by cuttings, it is easier than using seeds.
Care for euphorbia euphorbia at home
Euphorbia mile care at home photo
As an ornamental plant, spurge can often be found on the windowsills of gardeners. And this is explained not only by its unusual appearance. Euphorbia is very easy to maintain and unpretentious. If you do not allow drafts and not to overwet the soil, the plant will manifest itself in all its glory, actively increasing the green mass and delighting with rich color with a slight waxy shine.
What soil prefers plant
Ground mix for milkweed should be sufficiently loose, with good permeability. In order not to bother at the expense of the soil, you can buy soil for cacti.
In case there is a desire to prepare it yourself, it is necessary to proceed from the following proportions of the mixture components:
- 2 parts of sand + 3 parts of humus + 2 parts of leafy ground,
- or combine sand, turf and humus in equal shares.
- The bottom of the pot do not forget to cover the drainage of small pebbles or expanded clay.
There is a scheme for watering plants of the euphorbia family:
- once a week is enough in the summer,
- Once a month with the onset of winter
- if the temperature in the room does not exceed +12 ° C, watering is not carried out.
If the soil is too dry, watering is done carefully, in small portions. With the onset of hot days, spurge should be sprayed periodically.
What temperature is maintained in the room
From + 18 ° C to + 25 ° C - this is the temperature that is considered optimal for the growth of the culture. In the summer the plant is recommended to take air baths in the fresh air. And only with a cold snap up to + 15 ° C, euphorbia is brought into the house. For some crops, lowering the temperature to + 5 ° C is not a critical point. If only the lighting conditions corresponded to the norm.
Plants of the euphorbia family overwhelmingly love light, direct sunlight. There are instances that prefer diffuse luminous flux. These include, in particular, spurge euphorbia, poinsettia.
It is impossible to say that shadow is generally contraindicated for milk. It can grow there, only the leaves from it become less bright. Variegated representatives of the species generally lose their color over time.
How to properly prune euphorbia
If pruning is carried out in order to rejuvenate a flower, then it is better to hold it in the summer, as soon as the spurge flower fades.
- dried stems clean,
- if the shoots are strongly drawn, they are shortened,
- when pruning flowering crops do not touch the young growth. It will bloom next year.
Pruning is subjected not only to the crown of the plant. When forming a dense beautiful bush of euphorbia, absolutely all shoots should be cut off at the end of winter. With this pruning in this year, the flowers do not wait, but after a season the plant will delight in violent flowering, 2 times more abundant than before.
After pruning the cuttings can be rooted and get a lot of new plants, see below.
How to propagate homemade euphorbia
Among the methods of reproduction are 3 main:
Which one is the most effective? Concerning plants of the euphorbia family, this opinion is ambiguous. Each species requires an individual approach. The vegetative method is considered the most accessible and simple. For species that cannot be propagated by cuttings, and this is primarily a spherical shape, use the seed method of reproduction. If you take a plant such as garden spurge, then it continues its genus with the help of processes of roots.
Growing milkweed from seeds at home
How to grow euphorbia from seeds of Euphorbia from seed photo shoots
Ripe seeds for planting must be carefully collected. In order not to lose them, a sack of cloth is tied to a seed box. Seeds collected in this way are stored in an envelope, but not more than one year. Reproduction with fresh seeds is considered more effective.
- Prepared for planting substrate consisting of sand-peat mixture, calcined in a warm oven. Do this for disinfection.
- Seed day is kept in a solution of growth stimulant. Then placed in a moistened primer, covering the top with a film.
- Keep crops in a warm place until germination, airing daily.
- When the first shoots appear, it is better to remove the film, and lower the temperature slightly so that the plants do not stretch and are strong.
- Watered moderately, so as not to develop rot. You just need to make sure that the soil does not dry out and was slightly damp.
- When the seedlings grow a little, they are planted in separate pots with prepared drainage.
Reproduction of euphorbia cuttings
Reproduction of milkweed Euphorbia by cuttings photo
You can propagate euphorbia leaves or shoots. The best time for grafting is autumn.
Algorithm of action during reproduction using escape:
- an outgrowth, the length of which from the leaf node to the end is approximately 10 cm, is cut off and cut off,
- get rid of the bottom leaves,
- juice that is released on the cut, you need to wash off with water.
- the cut itself is dried with a dry towel and, using charcoal, powders “wounds”,
- the cutting is dried 1-2 days before the formation of a thin dry crust so that the cutting does not rot when planting.
- put it in the prepared sand, which is pre-moistened.
Euphorbia cutting for breeding photo
To rooting passed without problems, planted cuttings covered with a matte cap. Sand periodically moistened. An escaping rooting in direct sunlight is not set.
Millenium Milkweed Cutting Photo
If leaves are used for breeding, then you need to wear protective gloves. Do the following:
- first, pinch off the leaf with the handle,
- the released milky juice is washed off, the slice is dried, then the sheet is placed in the growth stimulator solution,
- landing lead to a well-soaked water soil,
- накрывать пленкой не стоит, чтобы не спровоцировать гниение и гибель черенка.
Эуфорбия размножение черенками фото
Размножение эуфорбии делением куста
Куст делят, когда молочай пребывает в состоянии зимнего сна. В этот момент его извлекают из горшка, слегка отряхивая землю, и разделяют на несколько частей. Важно осмотреть состояние корневой системы, чтобы не было загнивания. Only healthy planting material is used for further cultivation.
Medicinal properties of homemade euphorbia
Not everyone knows about the beneficial properties of the plant. It turns out that with its help get rid of fungal skin lesions, depriving, eczema, warts. To do this, grind euphorbia, insist and make baths. The roots of the plant are used in diseases of the stomach (disorders) and liver ailments. Boiled solution is taken before meals in 1 (table) spoon. From migraine and in the treatment of cystitis take alcohol tincture of the roots of the plant.
When does spurge become dangerous
Milky juice is dangerous because of its toxicity. If it comes into contact with the skin and inside the body, it can cause redness (irritation) and burns to the mucous membranes. We need to make sure that children and pets are not affected by it. When carrying out a transplant or forming the crown of a plant, it is necessary to use personal protective equipment (glasses, gloves). The juice of the plant, accidentally caught on the skin, must be immediately washed off with running water.
Edged Euphorbia Euphorbia marginata
Fringed Euphorbia Euphorbia marginata photo
Refers to annual plants. It grows on the slopes of the mountains. Reaching a height of 70 cm, forms thickets. On the edge of its green, medium-sized leaves passes a white stripe, like a border. Therefore, this type of milkweed is called fringed.
White-toed or white stalk euphorbia euphorbia leuconeura
Euphorbia white-clad care at home photo euphorbia leuconeura
It is the most frequently encountered crop on the window sills of florist. Large oval dark green leaves with white veins are located on a thick ribbed trunk. Leaf renewal is only in the apical part of the plant. Located in the lower part of the leaves, when the time comes, change color and fall. This type of milkweed is blooming, but its blooming is of no interest because of the homelyness of small flowers.
Multicolored spurge Euphorbia epithymoides
Multicolored Euphorbia Euphorbia epithymoides photo
Refers to perennial plants grown in open ground. Along the entire length of the fluffy stem are bright green, slightly elongated, leaves. Flowering begins in early May, dissolving flowers of a greenish-yellow color. For the bush of milkweed, reaching a height of 70 cm, is characterized by a hemispherical shape.
Trihedral or triangular Euphorbia Euphorbia trigona
Triangular or triangular Euphorbia Euphorbia trigona photo
This perennial plant of the family can grow up to 3 m in height. It is often grown in room conditions by lovers of the exotic, mistaken for cactus. It is characterized by the presence of a fleshy trihedral stem, up to 4-6 cm wide. On the ribs are leaves and spines. For its reproduction using cuttings. It blooms very rarely.
Euphorbia lophogona comb euphorbia
Comb Euphorbia Euphorbia lophogona photo
Grows on about. Madagascar. Refers to evergreen shrubs. Elongated oval leaves are located on the thick, ribbed stem in the apical part. Their length reaches 20 cm and they are attached to the stalk with the help of brown stalks. During flowering, it releases a spike with white and pink flowers.
Crown of thorns, spurge mile, spurge of milia Euphorbia milii
Euphorbia mile care at home Euphorbia milii photo
These are the names of a single plant. Prickly handsome has ellipsoid thin leaves of bright green color. During flowering, the inflorescence produces bright, but small, flowers.
Euphorbia star Euphorbia stellata
Euphorbia star Euphorbia stellata photo
It has an unusual thick base, on top of which green shoots are arranged in a dense cap. The whimsical look amazes imagination, the plant is somewhat reminiscent of miniature fabulous trees.
These are light-loving plants that are best placed on the south windows. If in winter time I emit little light and it is warm, then its shoots become strongly elongated, and decorative effect is lost. Absolutely all kinds in the warm season can be transferred to the street.
Low humidity is tolerated by euphorbia well enough. However, they are recommended to be regularly sprayed with warm water for hygienic purposes (to remove dust).
How to water
Watering depends entirely on the type of plant. But almost all succulents are watered very rarely. So, in the winter they need to be watered 1 time in 4 weeks, while it should not be allowed to completely dry the earthen clod. During active growth and flowering period, watering should be more abundant.
Top dressing is carried out in the spring and summer. To do this, use special fertilizers for indoor plants or for cacti.
The land should be loose and should not allow the root system to grow strongly. A suitable groundwater mixture consists of leaf, sod, and peat land, as well as sand, taken in equal portions. It is also recommended to pour into it a little brick chips or perlite. Sugar mix for cacti is also suitable.
Euphorbia beautiful (Euphorbia pulcherrima)
It is also called poinsettia. This is one of the most popular euphorbia, which grow at home. The flowering of this plant occurs at Christmas (Catholic). However, the spectacular view of the plant betrays not small flowers, but bright leaves growing under the inflorescences. Depending on the variety, these leaves can be painted pink, deep red, and white. If the room is too warm and the air humidity is low, then with the end of flowering the plant leaves all the leaves. This species is quite demanding to care.
Euphorbia hypericifolia (Euphorbia hypericifolia)
Which is also called the “Diamond Frost” - this noncaparious plant is very much loved by growers. It is usually put in hanging baskets. On the cap of pale green leaves there are many small white flowers, which are very similar to white foam.
Euphorbia Mile (Euphorbia milii)
This not very big thorny shrub is also called the “crown of thorns”. On its gray powerful shoots oblong leaves are located. The young shrub is very beautiful, as there are a lot of small flowers with bracts of rich red or pale yellow color that contrast with the dark green foliage. The old plant becomes similar to a prickly dry shrub. Feels great near the window, located in the southern part of the room.